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God Name and Meaning

List of Gods   : "At Em"

NameOriginDescription
Spirit name "AMITABHA" Buddhist / India The fourth dhyani buddha or meditation buddha. One of five mystic spiritual counterparts of a human buddha in Vajrayana Buddhism. Color: red. Attributes: lock of hair, lotus, monk's robe and water jar. Amitabha is also taken as a tutelary god in Lamaism [Tibet] in which case his attributes include bell, jewel and three monkish robes. Emanations include PADMAPANI, MANJUSRI and many other minor names. See also AKSOBHYA, AMOGHASIDDHI, RATNASAMBHAVA and VAIROCANA....
Spirit name "AMOGHASIDDHI" Buddhist / India The fifth dhyanibuddha or meditation buddha. One of five mystic spiritual counterparts of a human buddha in Vajrayana Buddhism. Color: green. Attributes: staff and sometimes seven-headed snake. Amoghasiddhi is also taken as a tutelary deity in Lamaism [Tibet] in which case his attributes include bell, three monkish robes and prayer wheel. Emanations include Visvapani and many other minor names. See also AKSOBHYA, AMITABHA, RATNASAMBHAVA and VAIROCANA....
Goddess name "ASTARTE (star)" Semitic, Phoenician, Lebanon, Syria / The goddess of the evening star, of war / of sexual love Fertility goddess. Inscriptions from the fifth century BC in her major temple at Sidon suggest she was perceived as an emanation of BAAL SAMIN, personifying his Divine power. She is also his consort. Her animal is the sphinx, which typically appears on either side of her throne....
God name "Apedemak" Sudanese / Meroe war god. An Egyptianized deity, his main sanctuary was contained in a vast religious complex and center of pilgrimage at Musawwarat-es-Sufra, north of the sixth Nile cataract. Sacred animals include cattle and the African elephant. Depicted with the head of a lion and a human body, holding a scepter embellished with a seated lion at the tip....
Goddess name "At Em" Egypt A goddess of time
"Belesis or Belesys" Assyrian The noblest of the Chaidaean priests at Babylon, who, according to the account of Ctesias, is said, in conjunction with Arbaces, the Mede, to have overthrown the old Assyrian empire. Beiesis afterwards received the satrapy of Babylon from Arbaces.
Goddess name "Bhrkuti-Tara (she who frowns)" Buddhist - Lamaist / Tibet Mother goddess. In Lamaism particularly, a cruel form of TARA, the mother of the BUDDHA. The so-called “yellow Tara.” An emanation of AMITABHA. Also identified as a female BODHISATTVA or buddha-designate. Color: yellow. Attribute: image of Amitabha, lotus, rosary, staff, trident and water jar. Threeeyed. Also JANGULI and VAJRATARA....
"Buddhakapala" Buddhist / Mahayana (Buddha's skullcap) A significant emanation of AKSOBHYA. Alternatively a form of HERUKA. His SAKTI is CITRASENA. Color: blue-black. Attributes: club, cup, drum, image of Aksobhya and knife.
Deities name "Cakra (wheel)" Hindu Embodiment of the creator's mind. Emerging in the form of a six-spoked wheel (less frequently eight) which also epitomizes the passage of time, and is a symbol of wholeness and protection. Particularly associated with VISNU and KRSNA, the cakra is a common attribute held by many deities. It is probably of great antiquity since it is known from the time of the Indus Valley civilization (prior to 1700 BC). In Jainism and Buddhism it is the “wheel of the law” which leads to perfection....
God name "Chang Hs'iien" Chinese Guardian god of children. According to tradition he was the mortal king of Szechuan killed by the founder of the Sung dynasty. His wife was captured and forced to become a concubine in the imperial palace. She was discovered by the emperor kneeling before a picture of her deceased husband which she identified as a local deity, “the immortal Chang who gives children.” This triggered the cult which began locally in Szechuan circa AD 100. Chang Hs'ien is depicted holding a bow made of mulberry wood and either aiming an arrow at the star Tien Kou, the socalled celestial dog which threatens the earth, or aiming the empty bow at a rat (see ERH LANG)....
"Chronos" Greek The Protogenos of time and the very first being to emerge at creation self-formed. Greek
"Clementia" Roman A personification of Clemency, was worshipped as a divinity at Rome, especially in the time of the emperors. Roman
Goddess name "Cunda" Buddhist / eastern Bengal / Tibet Goddess. An emanation of Vajrasattva or Vairocana. A female BODHISATTVA or buddha-designate. Also seen separately as a deification of literature, one of a group of twelve DHARANIS. She may stand upon a man. Color: white or green. Very large variety of attributes. Also Aryacunda....
Goddess name "Dhanada" Buddhist / Mahayana Goddess. One of the emanations of the DHYANIBUDDHA AMOGHASIDDHI, also a form of the goddess TARA. She sits upon a moon throne with an unnamed animal in attendance. Color: green. Attributes: Book, blue lotus, image of Amoghasiddhi, noose and rosary....
God name "Dharmadhatuvagisvara" Buddhist God of the law. A variety of MANJUSRI and therefore an emanation of AMITABHA. Color: reddish-white. Attributes: arrow, bell, Book, bow, hook, image of Amitabha on crown, staff, sword and water jar. Depicted with four heads and setting the law wheel in motion....
God name "Dhrtarastra (his empire is firm)" Buddhist Minor god. One of the dikpalas or guardians of the easterly direction. Color: white. Attribute: lute....
Goddess name "Dhvajagrakeyura (ring on a banner)" Buddhist / Mahayana Goddess. An emanation of AKSOBHYA. She sits on a Sun throne. Color: dark blue, black or yellow. Attributes: club, image of Aksobhya, noose, pestle, prayer wheel, staff, sword, tiger skin and trident. Three-headed and three-eyed....
Spirit name "Dhyanibuddha" Buddhist / Vajrayana General name of a spiritual or meditation buddha. An emanation of the ADIBUDDHA and generally regarded as one of a group of five representing the cosmic elements. The mystic counterpart of a human buddha. When the five are represented as a group, their common attribute is a staff on a lotus....
Goddess name "Ekajata (she who has but one chignon)" Buddhist / Varjayana Goddess of good fortune. She offers happiness and removes personal obstacles. Occasionally found attending the goddess Khadirayani-Tara. She is an emanation of AKSOBHYA and a form of TARA. She may have one or twelve heads. Color: blue. Attributes: arrow, ax, bell, blue lotus, Book, bow, conch, cup, hook, image of AMITABHA on the crown, knife, noose, skull, staff, sword and tiger skin. Three-eyed....
God name "Emes”" Mesopotamian / Sumerian vegetation god. Emes was created at the wish of ENLIL to take responsibility on earth for woods, fields, sheep folds and stables. He is identified with the abundance of the earth and with summer. An unidentified deity who is depicted iconographically with a plough may well be Emes....
Monster name "Empusa" Greek A monstrous spectre, which was believed to devour human beings. It could assume different forms, and was sent out by Hecate to frighten travellers. It was believed usually to appear with one leg of brass and the other of an ass. Whenever a traveller addressed the monster with insulting words, it used to flee and utter a shrill sound. The Lamiae and Mormolyceia, who assumed the fonm of handsome women for the purpose of attracting young men, and then sucked their blood like vampyrs and ate their flesh, were reckoned among the Empusae. Greek
King name "Erh Lang (master)" Chinese Tutelary deity. Associated with a celestial dog, Erh Lang was once honored with a sanctuary in Beijing (Peking). According to tradition he and the dog saved the city from flooding. His attributes include a bow which he is depicted drawing, and arrows. The dog may be replaced by a rat, in which case the arrows are not included. The rat is a sign of impending wealth and therefore the drawing of an empty bow at the rat is a sign which invokes wealth of children....
"Gaia aka Gaea" Greek Ge, the Protogenos and the personification of the earth. Mother earth emerged at the beginning of creation to form the foundation of the universe. Greek
God name "Ghantaaani (bell in hand)" Buddhist / Mahayana God. One of the group of dhyanibodhisattva (meditation BUDDHAS). An emanation of Vajrasattva. Color: white. Attribute: a bell....
Goddess name "Gish" Kafir / Afghanistan God of war. Known chiefly among the Kati people in the southern Hindukush. Gish seems partly modeled on the Aryan (Vedic) god INDRA (see also INDR). One of the offspring of the creator god IMRA, his mother is named as Utr; she carried him for eighteen months before he wrenched himself from her belly, stitching her up with a needle. His consort is the goddess SANJU. He slaughters with great efficiency but is considered lacking in graces and intellect, emerging in a generally boorish light (see also THOR). His home is a fortress of steel atop a mythical walnut tree propped up by his mother which provides nourishment and strength for his warriors. The Rainbow is a sling with which he carries his quiver. Gish is associated chiefly with the villages of Kamdesh and Shtiwe but has been worshiped throughout the Kafir region with the sacrifice of hornless oxen, particularly prior to combat. A feast was given in his honor if the outcome was successful. Also Giwish....
God name "HERYSAF (he who is upon his lake)" ORIGIN Egypt Primeval deity associated both with Osiris and Re. Herys”af is a ram god said to have emerged from the primeval ocean, possibly recreated in the form of a sacred lake at Hnes, the capital of Lower Egypt for a time at the beginning of the third millennium (during the First Intermediate Period). The god is depicted with a human torso and the head of a ram wearing the atef crown of Lower Egypt. Herys”af began as a local deity but took on national importance as the soul (ba) of RE, and of OSIRIS. Herys”af 's sanctuary was enlarged by Rameses II and the god is said to have protected the life of the last Egyptian pharaoh when the Persian and later Macedonian dominations began. He eventually became syncretized with HERAKLES in Greco-Roman culture and Hnes became known as Herakleopolis....
God name "Hachiman" Shinto / Japan God of war and peace. A deity whose origins are confused. The name does not appear in either of the sacred texts of Shintoism, but such a deity was probably worshiped in the distant past with the alternative title of HimeGami or Hime-O-Kami. The cult center was on the southern island of Kyushu at Usa. In modern Shintoism, Hachiman originates as a member of the imperial dynasty. Named Ojin-Tenno and born in AD 200 to the empress Jingu-Kogo, he greatly improved the living standards and culture of Japan during his remarkable reign. The place of his birth was marked by a sanctuary and several centuries after his death, a vision of a child KAMI appeared there to a priest. The kami identified himself by the Chinese ideogram representing the name Hachiman, and thus the link developed. The site is, today, the location of a magnificent shrine, the Umi-Hachiman-Gu, where Hachiman has been perceived as a god of war. Soldiers departing for battle once took with them relics from the shrine. Hachiman is also a deity of peace and a guardian of human life and, when pacifism dominated Japan during the post-war era, he became more strongly identified in the latter context....
God name "Haurun" Western Semitic / Canaanite Chthonic or earth god. Haurun was introduced to Egyptian religion probably by emigre workers who related him to the sculpture of the Sphinx at Giza. Haurun was known locally as a god of healing....
Demon name "Hayagriva (horse neck)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic (1) The most significant minor incarnation of the god VIS'NU. He probably originated as a horse god and later became an avatara associated with wisdom and knowledge. At the behest of BRAHMA, Hayagriva rescued the Vedas, stolen by two demons, from the bottom of the primeval ocean. Depicted in human form with the head of a horse and, according to the texts, eight hands. Attributes: Book (Veda), horse's mane and rosary. Also the attributes of Vis'nu. Also Hayasirsa, Vadavavaktra.(2) Patron god of horses. Buddhist-Lamaist [Tibet]. One of a group of DHARMAPALA with terrible appearance and royal attire, he is considered to be an emanation of AKSOBHYA or AMITABHA. His SAKTI is MARICI. Color: red. Attributes: horse heads, staff and trident, but also arrow, ax, banner, bow, club, flames, flower, image of Aksobhya or Amitabha on the crown, lotus, noose, prayer wheel, skin, snakes, sword and trident. Three-eyed....
God name "Hermod" Nordic / Icelandic Messenger god. One of the sons of the Wiking god OTHIN, he was sent to Hel on a mission to obtain the release of the god Balder, who had been slain by the blind god Hod. The mission failed because only one creature in the world, a hag (probably LOKI in disguise), failed to weep at Balder's loss and Hermod returned empty-handed. It may be argued that Hermod is less a deity than a demigod hero modeled on the Danish king of the Beowulf Saga. Also Heremod; Hermoth....
Deities name "Heruka" Buddhist / Mahayana God. One of the most popular deities in the pantheon, though probably owing much to the influence of the Hindu god S IWA. Originally an epithet for another Hindu god, GANESA, but in Buddhism seen as an emanation of AKSOBHYA. His SAKTI is NAIRAMATA and the product of their liaison is nirvana (eternal bliss). Typically he stands upon a corpse. In northeastern India, Heruka is worshiped as a compassionate god. Attributes: club, flayed human skin, image of Aksobhya, jewel, knife, fifty skulls, sword, staff and teeth....
God name "Hevajira" Buddhist / Mahayana God. A BODHISATTVA (buddha-designate) and an emanation of AKSOBHYA. The Tantric form of HERUKA and the Buddhist equivalent of the Hindu god Siva Nataraja. His SAKTI is NAIRAMATA or VAJRAVARAHI and he may appear dominating the four MARAS (the Hindu gods BRAHMA, VISNU, SIVA and INDRA). Color: blue. Attributes: bell, bow, hook, image of Aksobhya on crown, jewel, lotus, prayer wheel, wine glass. He holds a skull in each hand and an assortment of other weapons. Threeor eightheaded, from two to sixteen arms and two or four legs; three-eyed....
God name "Huang Ti" Chinese Astral god. Allegedly a deified emperor, the so-called “yellow emperor,” who rules the moving as distinct from dark heavens, the latter being presided over by the god PAK TAI. He is attributed with giving mankind the wheel....
Goddess name "Ix Chel" Mayan / Yucatec / Quiche, Mesoamerican / Mexico moon goddess. Also the goddess of childbirth and Medicine and of Rain bows. A consort of the Sun god. She has a major shrine as Cozumel and small figurines of the goddess have been conventionally placed beneath the beds of women in labor. Such women are considered to be in great danger at times of lunar eclipse when the unborn child may develop deformities. Ix Chel is a guardian against disease and the Quiche Indians regard her as a goddess of fertility and sexual inter course. A goddess of weaving, believed to be the first being on earth to weave cloth, she was employed in this craft when she first attracted the attention of the Sun god. She carries her loom sticks across the sky to protect her from jaguars. Under Chris tian influence she has been largely syncretized with the Virgin Mary.See also IX CHEBEL YAX....
God name "Jambhala (devouring)" Buddhist / Mahayana God. An emanation of AKSOBHYA, RATNASAMBHAVA or Vajrasattva, or a collective emanation of the five DHYANIBUDDHAS, he is the equal of the Hindu god KUBERA. His SAKTI is VASUDHARA and he may stand upon a man or a conch. Color: blue or white. Attributes: arrow, bow, cup, hook, Ichneumon fly, image of Aksobhya in the hair, jewel, noose, other jewels, staff, sword and trident. Threeheaded, each head representing one of the three named Dhyanibuddhas....
Goddess name "Janguli (knowledge of poisons)" Buddhist / Mahayana Snake goddess. Prevents and cures snake bite. An emanation of AKSOBHYA. Also one of a group of DHARANIS (deification of Buddhist texts). Accompanied by a snake or other unidentified creature. Color: green, white or yellow. Attributes: arrow, blue lotus, bow, image of Aksobhya on crown, lute, peacock feather, snake, staff, sword and trident. Oneor three-headed....
Goddess name "Jnanadakini (knowledge)" Buddhist / Mahayana Goddess. An emanation of AKSOBHYA and the SAKTI of yogambara. Color: blue. Attributes: ax, bell, club, cup, staff and sword....
Goddess name "Karaikkal Ammaiyar" Hindu / southern India Local mother goddess. Known from the town of Karikal as a deified ascetic who is depicted with an emaciated form. Attribute: playing cymbals....
Goddess name "Kaumari" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Mother goddess. The SAKTI of SKANDA (Kaumara) who in later Hinduism became regarded as one of a group of seven MATARAS (mothers) of evil intent. Also one of a group of eight ASTAMATARAS. She embodies lack of envy or, alternatively, delusion. Her animal is a peacock. Attributes: arrow, ax, bell, Book, bow, cockerel, lotus, spear, staff and waterjar....
Goddess name "Khandsba" Hindu / late Form of the god SI IVA. Khandoba is believed to have emerged as a deity with a distinct cultic following no earlier than the thirteenth or fourteenth century, mainly in western India and centered on Jejuri, near Poona. The god is generally regarded as one of several martial forms which SI iva took to combat demons. His consort is the goddess MHALSA, considered to be a form of PARVATI. He is depicted bearing four arms and is usually mounted on a horse, but may also be accompanied by a dog. Attributes: bowl, drum, sword and trident. Also Makhari; Mallari; Martland....
Goddess name "Kore (tbe girl)" Greek Youthful goddess of the corn. The more generic name for the goddess PERSEPHONE. Identified as the daughter of DEMETER. She is the spirit of the corn as distinct from her mother who is the giver of the corn. Depicted on coinage as a woman's head adorned with ears of corn. She is integral to the Eleusinian Mysteries in which she is abducted to Hades, resulting in the distress of her mother and the blighting of nature. At Samaria-Sebaste in Syrio-Palestine, Kore was the only deity worshiped, apart from the emperor....
Goddess name "Krsodari (thin-waisted)" Hindu Goddess. An emaciated form of CAMUNDA, a personification of famine. She stands upon a corpse. Attributes: club, iron rod, skull and trident....
Deities name "Kurma(vatara)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Incarnation of the god VIS'NU. The second avatara of Vis'nu, Kurma appears in the form of a tortoise which acts as a pivot for the mountainous churning rod the gods employ to make ambrosia from the primal sea of milk after the flood. Kurma is depicted with a human torso surmounting a tortoise shell. Vis'nu is said to have appeared in this form in order to recover some of the possessions lost during the deluge. Attributes: club, conch, lotus and prayer wheel. Also the name for a vehicle of various deities....
Demon name "Kuvalayapida" Hindu An immense elephant, or a demon in elephantine form, belonging to Kansa, and employed by him to trample the boys Krishna and Balarama to death. The attempt failed and the elephant was killed. Hindu
"Laputa" Swift The flying island inhabited by scientific quacks, and visited by Gulliver in his "travels." These dreamy philosophers were so absorbed in their speculations that they employed attendants called "flappers," to flap them on the mouth and ears with a blown bladder when their attention was to be called off from "high things" to vulgar mundane matters. Swift
God name "Libertas" Roman Minor god(dess). deity of constitutional government and the notion of freedom, known particularly from the second century BC. Attributes include the scepter, lance and a special hat, the pileus, which emancipated slaves were permitted to wear as a sign of their liberation....
Angel name "Liris" Hebrew A proud but lovely daughter of the race of man, beloved by Rubi, first of the angel host. Her passion was the love of knowledge, and she was captivated by all her lover told her of heaven and the works of God. At last she requested Rubi to appear before her in all his glory, and as she fell into his embrace was burnt to ashes by the rays which issued from him. Hebrew
God name "Little-Endians" Swift The two great empires of Lilliput and Blefuscu waged a destructive war against each other, exhausted their treasures, and decimated their subjects on their different views of interpreting this vital direction contained in the 54th chapter of the Blun-decral: "All true believers break their eggs at the convenient end." The godfather of Calin Deffar Plane, the reigning emperor of Lilliput, happened to cut his finger while breaking his egg at the big end, and very royally published a decree commanding all his liege and faithful subjects, on pains and penalties of great severity, to break their eggs in future at the small end. The orthodox Blefuscudians deemed it their duty to resent this innovation, and declared a war of extermination against the heretical Lilliputians. Swift
"Macha" Ireland One of the greatest of the women of the Tuatha de Danaan, she fed on the heads of men slain in battle. She, along with Badb and Morrigu, used powers of enchantment to bring mists, clouds of darkness, and showers of fire and blood over the Firbolgs at Teamhair for three days. The daughter of Emmass, she was killed by Balor in the second battle of Mag Tuireadh. Ireland
Goddess name "Maha-Sarasvati" Hindu / Puranic (1) Goddess. An emanation of LAKSMI. Attributes: Book, hook, lute and rosary.(2) Goddess. Buddhist. A variety of SARASVATI. Depicted upon a lotus. Color: white. Attributes: garland of pearls and white lotus....
God name "Mahabala (very strong)" Buddhist / Mahayana God. A fearsome emanation of AMITABHA and a dikpala (guardian) of the northwestern quarter. Color: red. Attributes: jewel, snakes, sword, tiger skin, trident and white fly whisk. Three-headed....
Goddess name "Mahacinatara (Tara of Tibet)" Buddhist / Mahayana / / Lamaist / Tibet Goddess. An emanation of AKSOBHYA and, in Lamaism, a fearsome form of the Vajrayana goddess, EKAJATA, who may be depicted with up to twelve heads and twenty-four hands. She stands upon a corpse. Attributes: arrow, ax, blue lotus, bow, cup, image of Aksobhya on crown, knife, skull, snake, staff, sword, tiger skin and trident. Three-eyed....
God name "Mahakala (the great death)" Hindu / Puranic (1) God. A violent aspect of S IVA. His SAKTI is Mahakah. Rides upon a lion. Color: black. Attributes: five arrows, ax, Brahma-egg, club, cup, rosary of skulls, staff and trident. Three-eyed. Also considered to be a form of the god BHAIRAVA in which context he is a guardian of the faith.(2) Guardian god of tents and science. BuddhistLamaist [Tibet]. Derived from the Hindu god S iva and an emanation of the five DHYANIBUDDHAS. Also one of a group of DHARMAPALAS with terrible appearance and royal attire. A deity of riches. He treads on the god Vinayaka, or on a man, a corpse, or on two elephant-headed men. Color: black, blue or white. Attributes: mainly elephant skin, prayer wheel and trident, but may hold various other objects....
Goddess name "Mahamantranusarini (following the great sacred text)" Buddhist Guardian goddess. One of a group of five MAHARAKSAS (protectresses) who are thought to be personifications of amulets or mantras. Also an emanation of the DHYANIBUDDHA RATNASAMBHAVA, alternatively of AKSOBHYA. She is a guardian of the west, south and eastern quarters according to separate traditions. Color: blue, black, green, white or red. Attributes: most commonly noose and staff. From four to twelve arms; may be three-headed....
Goddess name "Mahamayuri (great daughter of the peacock)" Buddhist / Mahayana Goddess. An extremely popular deity and an emanation of AMOGHASIDDHI. A female BODHISATTVA or buddha-designate. Also one of a group of five MAHARAKSAS (protectresses) who are thought to be personifications of amulets or mantras. Color: green, red or yellow. Attributes: alms bowl, arrow, banner, bow, fly whisk, image of Amoghasiddhi on crown, jewel, mendicant, peacock feather, prayer wheel, sword and water jar. Three-eyed and may occasionally appear three or four-headed....
Goddess name "Mahapratisara (great protectress)" Buddhist Guardian goddess. One of a group of five MAHARAKSAS (protectresses) who are thought to be personifications of amulets or mantras. A guardian of the central or southern direction. Also an emanation of the DHYANIBUDDHA RATNASAMBHAVA. Color: yellow. Attributes: arrow, ax, banner, bow, conch, image of Ratnasambhava on crown, jewel, noose, parasol, prayer wheel, reliquary, sword, staff and trident. Three-headed and three-eyed....
Goddess name "Mahapratyangira (great goddess whose speech is directed westwards)" Buddhist / Mahayana Goddess. An emanation of the DHYANIBUDDHA AKSOBHYA. Color: blue. Attributes: hook, image of Aksobhya on crown, noose, red lotus, sword and trident....
Goddess name "Mahasahaspramardani (the thousand fold destroyer)" Buddhist Goddess. An emanation of VAIROCANA, and one of the MAHARAKSAS. Color: white. Attributes: particularly noose, prayer wheel and sword, but also depicted with other objects including image of Vairocana on crown. May be four-headed....
Goddess name "Mahasitavati (great cold one)" Buddhist Guardian goddess. One of a group of five MAHARAKSAS (protectresses) who are thought to be personifications of amulets or mantras. Also an emanation of the DHYANIBUD DHA AMITABHA (or sometimes RATNASAMBHAVA). A guardian of the north or west quarter. Color: red, yellow or green. Attributes: arrow, ax, banner, Book, bow, bowl, image of Amitabha on the crown, lotus, noose, peacock feather, staff, sword and trident. Three-eyed and may be three-headed....
Goddess name "Mahasri-Tars (of great beauty)" Buddhist / Mahayana Goddess. An emanation of AMOGHASIDDHI. Depicted seated upon a moon. Color: green. Attributes: image of Amoghasiddhi and lotuses....
God name "Mam" Mayan / Yucatec, Mesoamerican / Mexico God of evil. A much-feared deity who lives beneath the earth and only emerges in times of crisis. Depicted in the form of a flat, life-sized piece of wood dressed as a scarecrow and set upon a stool. He is offered food and drink during Uayeb, the period of five unlucky days at the end of the year, after which the figure is undressed and unceremoniously thrown away. During Uayeb devotees fast and refer to the god as “grandfather.”...
God name "Manjughosa (sweet sounding)" Buddhist God. Form of the god MANJUSRI and an emanation of AKSOBHYA. Attended by a lion. Color: white or gold. Attributes: arrow, bell, blue lotus, Book, bow, image of Aksobhya, staff and sword....
Goddess name "Marici (shining)" Buddhist / Mahayana (1) Astral goddess. An emanation of VAIROCANA and also his female aspect or SAKTI. She is further identified as a buddha-designate or BODHISATTVA. She may also be the mother of SAKYAMUNI (a form of the BUDDHA). Considered by some to be the equal of the Hindu SURYA. She may be depicted in a three-headed form (as the Sakti of HAYAGRIVA), in which case her left head is that of a pig. She rides in a chariot drawn by seven boars. Color: red, yellow or white. Attributes: arrow, bow, fly whisk, horse's head image in the hair, needle, prayer wheel, staff, sword, thread and trident. Three-eyed.(2) Demiurge. Hindu. A product of the creator god BRAHMA....
"Mildendo" s The metropolis of Lilliput, the wall of which was two feet and a half in height, and at least eleven inches thick. The city was an exact square, and two main streets divided it into four quarters. The emperor's palace, called Belfaborac, was in the centre of the city. Gulliver's Travels
"Mithras" Roman About the time of the Roman emperors his worship was introduced at Rome, and thence spread over all parts of the wearing the Phrygian cap and attire, and kneeling on a bull which is thrown on the ground, and whose throat he is cutting. The bull is at the same time attacked by a dog, a serpent, and a scorpion. This group appears frequently among ancient works of art. Roman
Goddess name "NINURTA (lord plough)" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian / Iraq God of thunderstorms and the plough. Ninurta is the Sumerian god of farmers and is identified with the plough. He is also the god of thunder and the hero of the Sumerian pantheon, closely linked with the confrontation battles between forces of good and evil that characterize much of Mesopotamian literature. He is one of several challengers of the malignant dragon or serpent Kur said to inhabit the empty space between the earth's crust and the primeval sea beneath. Ninurta is the son of Enlil and Ninhursaga a, alternatively Ninlil, and is the consort of Gula, goddess of healing. He is attributed with the creation of the mountains which he is said to have built from giant stones with which he had fought against the demon Asag. He wears the horned helmet and tiered skirt and carries a weapon Sarur which becomes personified in the texts, having its own intelligence and being the chief adversary, in the hands of Ninurta, of Kur. He carries the double-edged scimitar-mace embellished with lions' heads and, according to some authors, is depicted in nonhuman form as the thunderbird lmdugud (sling stone), which bears the head of a lion and may represent the hailstones of the god. His sanctuary is the E-padun-tila. Ninurta is perceived as a youthful warrior and probably equates with the Babylonian heroic god Marduk. His cult involved a journey to Eridu from both Nippur and Girsu. He may be compared with Is”kur, who was worshiped primarily by herdsmen as a storm god....
Goddess name "Nairamata (no soul)" Buddhist / Mahayana Goddess. An emanation of AKSOBHYA. A SAKTI of HERUKA and a personification of knowledge. She bears five or six arms in different gestures and often stands upon a corpse. Color: blue or black. Attributes: arrows, club, cup and knife. Three-eyed....
God name "Namasangiti (the chanting of the name)" Buddhist God. A form of AVALOKITESVARA, but also a distinct emanation of VAIROCANA. The personification of a sacred text. He stands upon a lotus. Color: white. Attributes: club, lotus, sword, half-staff and waterjar....
Goddess name "Neti" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian Chthonic underworld god. Chief gatekeeper of the netherworld. The servant of the goddess ERES KIGAL. Neti features prominently in the epic legend of Inana‘s Descent into the underworld when he opens the seven gates of the realm and admits the goddess, removing one emblem of her power at the threshold of each gate....
Goddess name "Nintu" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian Mother goddess. According to legend she pinched off fourteen pieces of primordial clay which she formed into womb deities, seven on the left and seven on the right with a brick between them, who produced the first seven pairs of human embryos. She is closely identified with the goddess Ninhursaga a and may have become Belet Ili (mistress of the gods) when, at Enki's suggestion, the gods slew one among themselves and used his blood and flesh, mixed with clay, to create mankind....
Goddess name "Nirriti" Buddhist Goddess of misery, misfortune, disease and death and the embodiment of all sins. Appeared at the time of the churning of the ocean before the goddess of fortune. Buddhist
God name "Nom -No-Su une" Shinto / Japan God of Sumo wrestlers. Accord ing to tradition in the Nihongi text he came to prominence during the reign of the emperor Suinin Tenno when he matched and worsted a strong man, Kuyahaya, in a wrestling contest. He killed the latter by aiming a kick at his ribs....
God name "Ogdoad" Egypt Primordial forces. The elements of chaos, eight in number, which existed before the creation of the Sun god and which are known from Khemnu in Middle Egypt (Greek Heliopolis). The Ogdoad also had a sanctuary at Medinet Habu. They created, out of themselves rather than by sexual coupling, the mound which emerged from the primeval waters and upon which rested the egg from which the young Sun god emerged. They are usually depicted as baboons heralding the Sun as it rises. They are grouped in pairs and include NUN and NAUNET representing the primordial abyss, KEK and KAUKET representing darkness, HEH and HAUHET representing infinity, and AMUN and AMAUNET representing hidden power....
God name "Oko (hoe)" Yoruba / Nigeria, West Africa God of Agriculture. According to tradition he descended from heaven and lived at a farm near the town of Irao, where he attained a great age. One day he disappeared, leaving only his staff which was taken as a symbol of his presence. Annually, at the start of the Rainy season, a festival with strong fertility emphasis is held in his honor....
Goddess name "Padma (lotus)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic (1) Snake god. One of a group of seven MAHANAGAS. Attributes: rosary and water jar. Three-eyed.(2) Goddess. An incarnation of LAKSMI, the consort of an avatara of VIS NU. She is depicted as emanating from the padma or lotus (Nelumbium speciosum) which is the symbol of creation and one of the most important iconographic devices in Hinduism. Also KAMALA....
Goddess name "Parna-Savari (dressed in leaves)" Buddhist / Mahayana Goddess. An emanation of AKSOBHYA and BODHISATTVA or buddha-designate. Also one of a group of DHARANIS (deifications of literature). She is particularly recognized in the northwest of India. Her vehicle is GANESA surmounting obstacles. Color: yellow or green. Attributes: arrow, ax, bow, flower, noose, peacock feather, skin and staff. She is depicted as having three eyes and three heads....
"Phusis" Greek The Protogeos of nature. Mother nature was one of the first beings to emerge at creation, a primal being of creation and regarded as both male and female. Similar in certain aspects to Gaia, Tethys, Eros and Phanes. Greek
God name "Polydeukes" Greek horse god. One of the Dioskouroi twins; the other is Kastor. According to tradition, they are together associated with a Spartan cult whence they originated. The pair probably derive from the Indo-European model of the ASVINS in Vedic mythology. Kastor is mortal while Polydeukes is immortal. Thus, during battle, Kastor is mortally wounded but, even in death, the two brothers remain inseparable. They rescue individuals from distress and danger, particularly at sea, and are thought to be embodied in the electrical discharges known as St. Elmo's Fire. Also Castor and POLLUX (Roman)....
Goddess name "Prajnaparamita" Buddhist Goddess. The personification of the religious text Prajnaparamita and the SAKTI of VAJRADHARA. An emanation of the deity AKSOBHYA. Also a philosophical deity, the spiritual offspring of RATNASAMBHAVA. The embodiment of transcendental intuition. She stands upon a lotus. Color: white, reddish white or yellow. Attributes: blue lotus, Book, cup, knife, jeweled staff and red lotus....
Goddess name "Renenutet" Egypt Snake goddess. Also possessing fertility connotations, she guarded the pharaoh in the form of a cobra. There is some evidence that she enjoyed a cult in the Faiyum, the highly fertile region of the Nile valley. She is depicted either in human form or as a hooded cobra, in which case she bears close association with the goddess WADJET who is embodied in the uraeus. Her gaze has the power to conquer enemies. In her capacity as a fertility goddess she suckles infant rulers and provides good crops and harvests, linked in this capacity to OSIRIS and the more ancient grain god NEPER. She is also a magical power residing in the linen robe of the pharaoh and in the linen bandages with which he is swathed in death. At Edfu Renenutet takes the title “lady of the robes.” In the Greco-Roman period, she became adopted by the Greeks as the goddess Hermouthis and was syncretized with ISIS....
God name "Sadbhuja-Sitatara" Buddhist God. An emanation of AMOGHASIDDHI and a variety of SITATARA. Color: white. Attributes: arrow, blue lotus, bow, image of Amoghasiddhi on crown, lotus and rosary. Three-headed....
Goddess name "Sagaritis" Greek A nymph in whose embraces Attis became faithless to Cybele. The goddess avenged the wrong done to her by causing the tree with which the nymph's life was connected, to be cut down. Greek
God name "Salus (salvation)" Roman Minor god of health. A sanctuary dated to 302 BC on the Quirinal, one of the seven hills of Rome, is dedicated to the deity. He was also worshiped within the colonies of the empire. There is an altar at Corbridge in Northumberland, England with a votive inscription to Salus. Attributes include a bowl and a snake....
Goddess name "Samas'" Mesopotamian / Babylonian - Akkadian Sun god. The patron deity of Sippar and Larsa. His consort is the mother goddess A-A. S amas derives from the god UTU in the Sumerian pantheon. He is associated with justice. His symbol is the Sun disc and a star surrounded with radiating Sunbeams. He may carry a single-headed scimitar embellished with a panther head. His sanctuary is known as the E-babbar. Also associated with human-headed bulls. His attendant deities include Mes aru, justice, and Kettu, righteousness. He came to much greater prominence in the pantheon at Babylon from about the eighteenth century BC....
Deities name "Samvara (keeping out)" Buddhist / Mahayana God. One of the emanations of AKSOBHYA and also of HEVAJIRA. In Lamaism he is a four-headed tutelary yi-dam god. His SAKTI is VAJRAVARAHI. He stands upon one or more four-armed Hindu deities including Kalaratri and BHAIRAVA. Color: blue or black. Attributes: ax, bell, cup, drum, image of Aksobhya on the crown, image of four-faced BRAHMA, knife, moon disc, skin, staff and trident....
God name "Sarapis" Late Egypt God. Known only from the Greco-Roman period of the early Ptolemies (fourth century BC) but persisting in Europe until second or third century AD. In Egyptian religion Sarapis is a hybridization of certain aspects of OSIRIS, the underworld god, and APIS, the bull god, who symbolizes the earthly presence of PTAH. Sarapis is perceived to epitomize both the fertility of the land and the life of the sacred bull after death. In Greek mythology he takes on aspects of ZEUS, HELIOS, ASKLEPIOS and DIONYSOS. He was worshiped extensively in the Roman Empire period. A sanctuary at York in England was dedicated by a soldier of the sixth legion, and magnificent statues were discovered in the Walbrook Mithraeum in London, and at Merida in Spain. Also Seraphis (Greek)....
Deity name "Serapis" Egypt The most important deity at Alexandria during the time of Ptolemy Soter, his worship spread throughout Egypt and into the Roman Empire. Egypt
"Shang Kbo-SLao" Taoist / Chinese Immortal being. One of the “eight immortals” of Taoist mythology, tradition has it that he was embodied as a bat which achieved immortality in human form. His sacred animal is an ass. Attributes include drum and drumsticks.See also BA XIAN....
Deity name "Sikhandin (with a tuft of hair)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Minor deity. One of a group of emancipated VIDYESVARAS (lords of knowledge) considered to be aspects of S IVA. Attributes: knife and sword....
Goddess name "Sitapatra (with a white umbrella)" Buddhist / Mahayana Goddess. An emanation of VAIROCANA and a female BODHISATTVA or buddhadesignate. Color: white. Attributes: arrow, bow, hook, noose, parasol, prayer wheel and white staff. Sometimes three-eyed and three-headed....
Goddess name "Sitatara (the ‘white Tara')" Buddhist - Lamaist / Tibet Goddess. Of mild disposition, she is regarded as one of the forms of the goddess TARA and an emanation of AMOGHASIDDHI or VAIROCANA. In later times she became identified as a female variety of AVALOKITESVARA PADMAPANI. By tradition she is the incarnation of a Chinese princess. Color: white. Attributes: arrow, blue or white lotus, bow, image of Amoghasiddhi, jewel, moon disc and rosary. Threeor seven-eyed....
Deity name "Srikantha (beautiful throat)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Minor deity. One of a group of emancipated VIDYESVARAS (lords of knowledge) considered to be aspects of S IVA, in this instance referring to his darkish blue neck. Also one of the EKADASARUDRAS or eleven forms of RUDRA. Attributes: hatchet and trident....
Goddess name "Sudurjaya (very difficult to conquer)" Buddhist / Vajrayana Minor goddess. One of several deified BHUMIS recognized as different spiritual spheres through which a disciple passes. Color: yellow. Attributes: emerald and staff....
Deity name "Suksma (very small)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Minor deity. One of a group of emancipated VIDYESVARAS (lords of knowledge) considered to be aspects of S IVA. Attributes: hatchet and trident....
Goddess name "Susano-Wo ascends with her to heaven but is thrown out after trying to enter her house and committing various excesses. Amaterasu refuses to be sullied and obstinately hides herself away in a cave. It requires the combined diplomacy and craft of many other deities to persuade her to come out. The lure is the “perfect divine mirror” in which she sees her reflection. The birth of the two deities is considered to mark the transition between cosmic and material genesis." Sometimes her shrines are placed adjacent to those of Susano - Wo The Ise Naiku sanctuary is visited by about five million devotees each year and Amaterasu takes pride of place in every family shrine. She is also the tutelary goddess of the emperor. Hers tends to be a monotheistic cult in which all other deities take a subservient place. Though powerful she does not always succeed and is often subject to attack. She has been arguably identified with the god VAIROCANA in Buddhist religion....
Goddess name "Syamatara (tbe “black Tara”)" Buddhist - Lamaist / Tibet Goddess. A gracious form of the goddess TARA. Also an emanation of AMOGHASIDDHI and a form of AVALOKITESVARA. Color: black, possibly green. Attribute: blue lotus....
King name "Talos" Greek A man of brass, the work of Hephaestus. This wonderful being was given to Minos by Zeus or Hephaestus, and watched the island of Crete by walking round the island thrice every day. Whenever he saw strangers approaching, he made himself red-hot in fire, and then embraced the strangers when they landed. He had in his body only one vein, which ran from the head to the ankles, and was closed at the top with a nail. When he attempted to keep the Argonauts from Crete by throwing stones at them, Medeia by her magic powers threw him into a state of madness, or, according to others, under the pretence of making him immortal, she took the nail out of his vein and thus caused him to bleed to death. Greek
God name "Tam Kung" Chinese Local sea god. A deity with control over Rain and water and who extinguishes fires. His worship is restricted to a coastal region between Hong Kong and Macau. According to tradition he was an eight-year-old boy emperor, the last of the Sung Dynasty, who committed suicide by jumping over a cliff in the face of Kublai Khan's advance in AD 1276. His attendant is Ho Wang, who joined him in death. A sanctuary in Coloane Town in Macau, sited at the end of a narrow peninsula, is dedicated to him....
God name "Taranis" Roman / Celtic / Gallic Thunder god. Known only from limited inscriptions, but may emulate the Germanic god DONAR and is possibly the same as Taranucos. The Romans equated him with JUPITER and a Jupiter Tanarus inscription at Chester in England may refer to Taranis. His symbol is a spoked wheel and he is presumed to be the object of savage rites. The modern Breton word for thunder is taran. Also Taranos....
God name "Tarvos Trigaranos" Roman / Celtic / Gallic Bull god. Known chiefly from a four-sided monument erected near Paris by boatmen of the Seine during the reign of the emperor Tiberius. It depicts ESUS, VulcanUS, JUPITER and Tarvos. As Tarvos Trigaranos, he is drawn as a bull with three cranes on its back and can be seen at such places as Dorchester in England. The bull may alternatively bear three horns....
Goddess name "Tawhaki" Polynesian / Maori Heroic god. A descendant of the creator god Rehua and grandson of Whatitiri, the goddess of thunder, Tawhaki is the third child of Hema and Urutonga. He is the younger sibling of the goddess Pupu-mai-nono and the god Karihi. In some Polynesian traditions Tawhaki is thought of as a mortal ancestor whose consort was the goddess Tangotango on whom he fathered a daughter, Arahuta. Tawhaki's father was killed during tribal warfare with a mythical clan known as the Ponaturi and he himself was the subject of jealous rivalry concerning the goddess Hine-Piripiri. During this time attempts were made to kill him. He fathered children by Hine-Piripiri, including Wahieroa, who is generally perceived as being embodied in comets....
God name "Tayau (father sun)" Huichol Indian / Mesoamerican / Mexico Sun god. According to tradition, he was created by the ancient shamans, who threw the youthful son of the corn mother TATE OTEGANAKA into an oven in full ceremonial attire. He traveled underground and emerged in the east as the Sun. In late May, the Huichol sacrifice a sheep and a turkey in a ritual fire, after which they sing all night until Sunrise. Also Tau; Taverik....
Deity name "Triton" Greek A sea deity, who dwells with Father Neptune in a golden palace at the bottom of the sea. The chief employment of tritons is to blow a conch to smooth the sea when it is ruffled.
Goddess name "Tyche" Greco - Roman Goddess of fortune. She appears as a nereid in the Hymn to Demeter (Homer). According to Hesiod's Theogony she is the daughter of OKEANOS. Elsewhere she is identified as the daughter of ZEUS and HERA. She is depicted carrying a rudder or, alternatively, cornucopiae. Also mentioned as Agathe Tyche, the consort of Agathos Daemon. She became widely identified with the Asian mother goddess KYBELE but was replaced, in Roman times, by the goddess FORTUNA and associated symbolically with a wheel device. She retained popularity for a long time. There is a record that the Emperor Julian sacrificed to Tyche at Antioch in AD 361-2 and her temple was still intact during the reign of Theodosius (379-95)....
God name "Ucchusma" Buddhist God. An emanation of AKSOBHYA or RATNASAMBHAVA. Also a form of JAMBHALA. He is depicted as pot-bellied and stands upon Kubera, the Hindu god of riches, who lies with jewels spewing from his mouth. Attributes: cup, ichneumon fly, image of Aksobhya in the hair, moon disc and snakes. Three-eyed....
Spirit name "Vagisvara (lord of speech)" Buddhist God of speech. The tutelary deity of Nepal. An emanation of all DHYANIBUDDHAS (spiritual meditation buddhas) and a variety of MANJUSRI. Accompanied by a lion or seated upon a lion throne. Attribute: blue lotus....
"Vairocana" Buddhist A Buddha who is the embodiment of Dharmakaya and the universal aspect of the historical Gautama Buddha. In the conception of the Five Wisdom Buddhas, Vairocana is at the center. Buddhist
Goddess name "Vajracarcika" Buddhist / Mahayana Goddess. An emanation of AKSOBHYA, she stands upon a corpse. Color: red. Attributes: cup, image of Aksobhya on the crown, jewel, lotus, skull with noose, staff and sword. Three-eyed....
God name "Vajramrta (immortal of the Vajra sect)" Buddhist / Mahayana God. An emanation of AMOGHASIDDHI. His vehicle is an animal of uncertain identity. Color: green. Attributes: bell, club, hook, prayer wheel, staff and sword....
Spirit name "Vajrapani" Buddhist / mainly Tibet God. An emanation of AKSOBHYA but also sometimes identified with ADIBUDDBA. Generally thought to reflect the second DHYANIBUDDHA or spiritual meditation buddba. Sometimes depicted with a peacock. Alternatively considered to be a counterpart of the Hindu god INDRA. Color: dark blue or white. Attributes: noose, snake and staff. Also AcalaVajrapani; Acarya-Vajrapani....
Goddess name "Vajrasrnkhala (personification)" Buddhist (1) Minor goddess. One of the Mahayana deities said to be an emanation of AMOGHASIDDHI. Some texts describe her as the SAKTI of HEVAJIRA. Color: green. Attributes: arrow, bow, cup, image of Amoghasiddhi on the crown, mane, noose skin, and staff. Three-eyed and three-headed.(2) Goddess of learning. Jain. One of sixteen VIDYADEVI headed by the goddess SARASVATI....
Goddess name "Vajratara" Buddhist / Mahayana Goddess. Considered to be an emanation of all the DHYANIBUDDHAS or spiritual meditation buddbas. Also identified as an emanation of RATNASAMBHAVA or a form of Bhrkuti. She stands upon a lotus. Color: golden. Attributes: arrow, blue lotus, bow, conch, hook, images of the five Dhyanibuddhas on the crown, noose and staff. Three-eyed....
Goddess name "Vajravarahi (diamond sow)" Buddhist / Mahayana / / Lamaist / Tibet Goddess. An emanation of VAIROCANA and sometimes identified as the SAKTI of HEVAJIRA. In Lamaism she accompanies VAJRADAKA. She is depicted treading on a man. Color: red. Attributes: principally club, cup, image of Vairocana on the crown and knife, but with an assortment of other attributes from time to time. Three-eyed and three-headed....
Goddess name "Vasya-tara (the subjected Tara)" Buddhist / Mahayana Goddess. An emanation of AMOGHASIDDHI and considered to be indistinguishable from ARYA-TARA. Color: green. Attributes: blue lotus and image of Amoghasiddhi on the crown....
God name "Vigrieaetaka (remover of obstacles)" Buddhist / Mahayana God. An emanation of AKSOBHYA who may equate with the Hindu god GANESA. Color: blue. He is also seen as a dikpala or guardian of the northerly direction, in which case his color is green. Attributes: cup, drum, hook, knife, noose and staff. Three-headed. Also Analarka....
God name "Virbius" Roman Minor chthonic god. A malevolent underworld deity who was frequently invoked during the worship of Diana in the Arician woodlands surrounding her sanctuary at Nemi. Virbius was reputed to prowl these woods and to be an emanation of Hippolytus, a mortal who had been trampled to death by his horses and made immortal by Aesculapius. For this reason the Arician woods were barred to horses....
Spirit name "Wrath's Hole" Britain The legend is that Bolster, a gigantic wrath or evil spirit, paid embarrassing attention to St. Agnes, who told him she would listen to his suit when he filled with his blood a small hole which she pointed out to him. The wrath joyfully accepted the terms, but the hole opened into the sea, and the wrath, being utterly exhausted, St. Agnes pushed him over the cliff. cornwall, Britain
Deity name "Yamantaka (destroyer of Yama)" Buddhist - Lamaist / Tibet Guardian deity. An emanation of AKSOBHYA and one of a group of DHARMAPALA with terrible appearance and royal attire who guard the Dalai Lama. By tradition he stifled the great rage of YAMA. His SAKTI is Vidyadhara. He is also a dikpala or guardian of the easterly direction. He tramples a number of creatures including a man, and possesses thirty-two arms and sixteen legs. Color: red, blue, black or white. Attributes: many....
Deities name "Zemi" Puerto Rico / Haiti One of a pair of primordial beings. Known as Morobo and Binatel, they are the parents of all other deities, though they did not create the cosmos which, according to belief, has always been in existence. They are depicted in stone, wood or clay figures and are invoked in prayers. Two wooden ZEMIS used to be kept in a sacred cave at Toaboyna in Haiti and were the subject of several annual pilgrimages. The Sun and the moon were believed to have emerged from the cave....