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God Name and Meaning

List of Gods   : "Epic"

NameOrigin Description
Demon name "Kingu" Akkadia A demon mentioned in the creation epic
Demon name "Kingu" Akkadia demon mentioned in the creation epic Akkadia
Goddess name "Tiamat" Babylonian The primordial mother goddess in Babylonian and Sumerian mythology, and a central figure in the Enuma Elish creation epic.
Goddess name "Nsongo" Bangala / Democratic Republic of Congo, central Africa moon goddess. The sister and consort of the supreme Sun god LIBANZA. In the epic legend of Nsongo and Lianja she is the twin sister and consort of a deified folk-hero....
Goddess name "Yogesvari" Buddhist / Epic / Puranic Mother goddess. Personifying desire and listed among both the SAPTAMATARAS and the ASTAMATARAS. Attributes: bell, club, drum, shield, sword and trident....
Goddess name "Pidray" Canaanite / Phoenician Minor fertility goddess. Mentioned in epic creation texts and treaties at Ugarit (Ras S amra) as the first daughter of BAAL. She is the consort of BAAL SAPON, the mother of Tly and may be the goddess Peraia described by the Greek writer Philo....
Hero name "Kalevanpoika (son/ man of Kaleva)" Finland A giant hero who can cut down Forests and mow down huge meadows, identical with Estonian national epic hero Kalevipoeg.
"Vainamoinen" Finnish The central character in the Finnish folklore and the main character in the national epic Kalevala. He was described as an old and wise man, and he possessed a potent, magical voice.
Deities name "Aether" Greco - Roman Primordial god of light. A remote cosmic deity, the son of EREBOS (darkness) and NYX (night) who overthrew these archetypal deities of chaos. In Hesiod's Epic Cycle he is also described as the father of OURANOS....
"Calydon" Greek A son of Aetolus and Pronoe, married to Aeolia, by whom he became the father of Epicaste and Protogeneia. He was regarded as the founder of the Aetolian town of Calydon. Greek
"Muses" Greek Daughters of Zeus and Mnemosyne, presided over the liberal arts particularly, were nine in number, and dwelt along with Apollo near Parnassus, Pieria, and Helicon; Clio presided over history, Euterpe over music, Thalia over comedy, Melpomene over tragedy, Terpsichore over choral dance and song, Erato over erotic poetry and elegy, Polyhymnia over lyric poetry, Urania over astronomy, and Calliope over eloquence and epic poetry. Greek
King name "Porthaon" Greek A son of Agenor and Epicaste, was king of Pleuron and Calydon in Aetolia, and married to Euryte, by whom he became the father of Oeneus, Agrius, Alcathous, Melas, Leucopeus, and Sterope.
Goddess name "Bharani" Hindu Minor goddess of misfortune Hindu / Puranic / Epic
Goddess name "Brahani" Hindu Mother goddess Hindu / Puranic / Epic
God name "Brhaspati" Hindu Astral god personifying Jupiter Hindu / Puranic / Epic
Goddess name "Chaya" Hindu Goddess Hindu / Puranic / Epic
Goddess name "Citra" Hindu Minor goddess of misfortune and a malevolent astral deity Hindu / Puranic / Epic
God name "Dhruva" Hindu Astral god Hindu / Puranic / Epic
Goddess name "Dhumavati" Hindu Goddess Hindu / Puranic / Epic
Goddess name "Dhumorna" Hindu Goddess Hindu / Puranic / Epic
God name "Dhurjati" Hindu God, a manifestation of Siva Hindu / Puranic / Epic
Goddess name "Disa" Hindu In minor goddess and the momma of the minor creation god Sarga Hindu / Puranic / Epic
Deity name "Ekarudra" Hindu Minor deity, another aspect of Siva Hindu / Puranic / Epic
God name "Ghantakarna" Hindu God of healing Hindu / Puranic / Epic
Goddess name "Gulissa Mata" Hindu Mother goddess who became a goddess of evil intent, inflecting sickness Hindu / Puranic / Epic
Goddess name "Hasta" Hindu Minor benevolent goddess of fortune Hindu / Puranic / Epic
"Hayagriva" Hindu Incarnation of Vishnu Hindu / Puranic / Epic
Goddess name "Indukari" Hindu Goddess Hindu / Puranic / Epic
God name "Jayanta" Hindu God who is one of the 11 forms of the god Rudra Hindu / Puranic / Epic
Goddess name "Jaya-Vijaya" Hindu Twin goddess, possibly forms of Durga Hindu / Puranic / Epic
Goddess name "Kamala" Hindu Goddess Hindu / Puranic / Epic
Goddess name "Kankar Mata" Hindu Mother goddess who became a mother of evil intent Hindu / Puranic / Epic
Goddess name "Kanti" Hindu Goddess whose name means desire Hindu / Puranic / Epic
God name "Kapali" Hindu God, one of the forms of the Rudra Hindu / Puranic / Epic
Goddess name "Karttiki" Hindu Mother goddess Hindu / Puranic / Epic
Goddess name "Kaumauri" Hindu Goddess who later became considered a goddess of evil intent Hindu / Puranic / Epic
Goddess name "Kirti" Hindu Goddess Hindu / Puranic / Epic
"KRSNA" Hindu Incarnation of Vishnu known as the dark one Hindu / Puranic / Tamil / Epic
Goddess name "Krttika[s]" Hindu Minor malevolent goddess / es Hindu / Puranic / Epic
Goddess name "Ksama" Hindu In minor goddess Hindu / Puranic / Epic
Goddess name "Laksmi" Hindu Goddess of Agriculture, love, beauty, prosperity, Lotus flowers, wealth, and pleasure Hindu / Puranic / India / Epic
Goddess name "Magha" Hindu Benevolent minor goddess of fortune Hindu / Puranic / Epic
Goddess name "Mahal Mata" Hindu Mother goddess Hindu / Puranic / Epic
Goddess name "Maharatri" Hindu Goddess associated with Kali and Kamala Hindu / Puranic / Epic
Demon name "Mahisa" Hindu demonic god Hindu / Puranic / Epic
God name "Matarisvan" Hindu Minor messenger god Hindu / Epic
God name "Matsya" Hindu Incarnation of the god Visnu Hindu / Puranic / Epic
God name "Padma" Hindu Snake god Hindu / Puranic / Epic
Goddess name "Phul Mata" Hindu Mother goddess who became one of the evil ones Hindu / Puranic / Epic
God name "Piyusaharana" Hindu Though obscure, this is a physician god Hindu / Puranic / Epic
Goddess name "Prahana" Hindu Rather important mother goddess Hindu / Puranic / Epic
"Prajapati" Hindu Primordial being Hindu / Puranic / Vedic / Epic
God name "Pratyusa" Hindu Attendant god of Indra Hindu / Puranic / Epic
Goddess name "Riddi" Hindu Goddess Hindu / Puranic / Epic
Goddess name "Sandhya" Hindu Goddess Hindu / Puranic / Epic
Goddess name "Sankari" Hindu Mother goddess Hindu / Puranic / Epic
God name "Sankha" Hindu Snake god Hindu / Puranic / Epic
God name "Sanmukha" Hindu God, a form of Skanda Hindu / Puranic / Epic
Goddess name "Santa" Hindu Mother goddess Hindu / Puranic / Epic
Deities name "Saptanatra" Hindu Generic title of the seven deities of evil influence Hindu / Puranic / Epic
Goddess name "Satabhisa" Hindu Minor goddess of fortune who is not very nice at all Hindu / Puranic / Epic
Goddess name "Sati" Hindu Mother goddess Hindu / Puranic / India / Epic
God name "Satrughna" Hindu Minor god Hindu / Puranic / Epic
God name "Sesa" Hindu Snake god, he is at the Great serpent who lies in the primeval sea and encircles the world Hindu / Puranic / Vedic / Epic
Goddess name "Siddhi" Hindu Minor goddess of fortune who grants favors Hindu / Puranic / Epic
"Sikhandin" Hindu A character in the Hindu epic, the Mahabharata. The son of Drupada, he fought in the Kurukshetra war on the side of the Pandavas.
Goddess name "Sitala[mata]" Hindu Mother goddess of healing Hindu / Puranic / Epic
God name "Sivottama" Hindu Minor god Hindu / Puranic / Epic
Goddess name "Sravana" Hindu Minor benevolent goddess of fortune Hindu / Puranic / Epic
Goddess name "Sravistha" Hindu Minor benevolent goddess of fortune i Hindu / Puranic / Epic
Goddess name "Sridevi" Hindu Goddess Hindu / Puranic / Epic
God name "Srikantha" Hindu Minor god and an aspect of Siva Hindu / Puranic / Epic
God name "Taksaka" Hindu Snake god Hindu / Puranic / Epic
God name "Venkata" Hindu Form of the god of Visnu Hindu / Puranic / Epic
God name "Sugriva (beautiful strong neck)" Hindu Monkey god. The son of the Sun god and leader of the monkey army which, according to epic tradition, supported RAMA....
God name "Adimurti (the primeval personification)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Form or avatara of the god VIS'NU. Probably very similar to NARAYANA. Conventionally perceived as Vis'nu seated on the coils of the serpent SESA (Adisesa) and attended by two wives. Attributes: those of Vis'nu. Also Vaikunthanatha, Paramapathanatha....
Goddess name "Aslesa(s) (adherence)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Minor goddess of misfortune. A malevolent NAKSATRA or astral deity; daughter of DAKSA and wife of CANDRA (SOMA)....
Goddess name "Asvayujau (harnessing horses)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Minor goddess of fortune. A benevolent NAKSATRA, or astral deity; daughter of DAKSA and wife of CANDRA (SOMA). Also Asvini and Asvinyau....
God name "Balakrsria" Hindu / Epic / Puranic God. KRSNA in child form (see Krsna)....
Goddess name "Balarama (strength of Rama)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Incarnation of the god VIS'NU. May have originated in Vedic times as an agricultural fertility deity. He is the son of VASUDEVA and DEVAKI, though born from the womb of ROHINI. Jointly with KRSNA (his brother), he is identified as the eighth avatara (incarnation) of Vis'nu, or, with RAMA, as the seventh. Legend describes how Vis'nu impregnated the belly of the goddess Devaki with two hairs, one black, one white. To ensure their safety against a demon king, they were transferred before birth to Rohini. Krsna grew to be dark-skinned, and Balarama light. The latter enjoys similar characteristics to Krsna but fails to attract the same popularity. He is usually depicted on the right side of Krsna, rarely standing alone. The consort of Balarama is REVATI and his sons are Nisatha and Ulmuka. Epithets included Ananda (joy). In Jainism he is known as Baladeva. Attributes: arrow, club, drinking cup, fan palm, honey pot, lotus, pestle, pitcher, plough, prayer wheel, shield and sword....
Demon name "Bali" Hindu / Epic / Puranic demonic god. The son of Virocana, his power was removed by VIS'NU in his avatara of VAMANA....
Goddess name "Bhadra (auspicious)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Minor goddess. Attendant of SIVA. Generally seated. Attributes: blue lotus, fruit, rosary and trident....
Goddess name "Bharani (bearing)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Minor goddess of misfortune. A malevolent NAKSATRA, daughter of DAKSA and wife of CANDRA (SOMA). Also Apabharanis....
Goddess name "Bhima (terrible)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic (1) warrior god. A prince of the mythical Pandu family and one of the heroes of the Mahabharata epic, Bhima is usually depicted wielding a sword and a club. He is a son of the god of the winds VAYU. He is perceived as a god of immense strength and great cruelty, which separates him from the heroic figure of ARJUNA, his brother, with whom he is linked in the epic. Attribute: a club. Also Bhimasena. 2. Minor goddess. Buddhist (Mahayana). An attendant of BUDDAKEPALA....
Goddess name "Bhuvanesvari (lady of the spheres)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Goddess. One of a group of ten MAHAVIDYAS personifying the SAKTI of SIVA. Also an epithet applied to several goddesses. Aspects include Siddharatri. Attributes: hook and noose....
Goddess name "Brahmahii" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Mother goddess. A SAKTI who in later Hinduism became one of the group of eight ASTAMATARAS or mothers. In another grouping one of nine NAVASAKTIS or mothers. She is attended by a goose and wears a yellow robe. Attributes: Book, label, rosary, trident and water jar. Also Brahmi....
Goddess name "Camunda" Hindu / Epic / Puranic (1) Goddess. A distinct form of DURGA. The name is said to be a contraction of the names of the demonic beings Camda and Munda killed by her. She is also recognized among the SAPTAMATARA and ASTAMATARA mothers as well as sometimes being regarded as a NAVASAKTI. She stands variously on a lion, an owl and a corpse. Attributes: a large and varied assortment of objects are held. Three-eyed. Also YAMI.(2) Goddess. Buddhist. She stands upon a corpse. Color: red. Attributes: cup and knife....
Goddess name "Canda (violent)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Terrible goddess. A distinct form of DURGA and one of a group of nine NAVADURGAS (“nine durgas). Canda, with Munda, was also one of the demons killed by a form of Durga known as CAMUNDA (contraction of the two demonic names). She is depicted with a large number of attributes. Also a form of MAHISASURAMARDINI....
Goddess name "Candanayika (mistress of the fierce)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Goddess. A distinct form of DURGA and one of a group of nine NAVADURGAS (“nine durgas)....
Goddess name "Candarupa" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Goddess. A distinct form of DURGA and one of a group of nine NAVADURGAS (“nine durgas)....
Goddess name "Candavati" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Goddess. A distinct form of DURGA and one of a group of nine NAVADURGAS (“nine durgas)....
God name "Candesvara (the lord of Canda)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Minor god. A benevolent aspect of S IVA. Also an attendant on S iva, said to have been a youthful cowherd. He sits on a lotus throne. Attributes: arrow, ax, bow, club, crown, hatchet, noose, rosary, snake, trident and water jar....
Goddess name "Candika (fierce)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Goddess of desire. May be included among the SAPTAMATARAS or ASTAMATARAS (mothers)....
Goddess name "Candogra (fierce and terrible)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Goddess. A distinct form of DURGA and one of a group of nine NAVADURGAS (“nine durgas)....
Goddess name "Candra" Hindu / Epic / Puranic (1) Planet god. Personified by the moon and also seen as a dikpala or guardian of the northern direction. Consorts include KAUMUDI, TARA and the NAKSATRAS or astral goddesses. His son is BUDHA. He drives in a chariot drawn by ten white horses. Color: white. Attributes: club, lotus, sacred rope and prayer wheel. The term candra usually refers to the cup containing the sacrificial yellow beverage SOMA, often a synonym for the deity. Candra is also the apotheosis of the pale yellow moon disc. 2. Planet god. Buddhist. Attended by a goose. Color: white. Attributes: moon disc on a lotus....
God name "Caturmurti" Hindu / Epic / Puranic God. The specific form of Vis'nu with four faces. Also the syncretization of BRAHMA, VIS'NU, SIVA and Surya....
Goddess name "Chaya (shadow)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Goddess. The reflec tion of the goddess SANJNA, consort of SURYA and mother of the astral deity SANI....
Goddess name "Chinnamastaka (decapitated)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Goddess. A headless form of DURGA. Also one of a group of ten MAHAVIDYAS, goddesses of great knowledge personifying the SAKTI of SI IVA. She may be depicted holding her head in her hands. Aspects include VIRARATRI. Attributes: scimitar, skull. Also Chinnamasta....
Goddess name "Devaki (divine)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Mother goddess. Daughter of Devaka and consort of the mythical king VASUDEVA, Devaki bore eight sons, including KRSNA and BALARAMA. Her brother Kamsa believed that the eighth child would kill him and he slaughtered the first six sons. In order to save the remaining two, VISNU implanted the “seed” of his avataras in Devaki's womb (in the form of hairs from his head), before transferring Balarama to the womb of the goddess ROHINI and Krsna to Yasoda, the wife of a cowherd, Nanda....
Goddess name "Devi (the goddess)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Goddess epitomizing the active female principle. Devi evolved as a major goddess out of the older notion of mother and vegetation goddesses. She is seen more as an abstract principle who will nevertheless respond directly to worshipers' prayers. By the fifth century AD she appears in many forms as the active (feminine) aspect or power of male deities. General attributes: conch, hook, noose, prayer wheel and trident. Devi is also the generic name given to a female deity, in her capacity as the consort of a god or DEVA.See also SRI(DEVI), BHUMIDEVI....
Goddess name "Dharani (earth)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic (1) Goddess. Consort of PARASURAMA and an avatara of the goddess LAKSMI.(2) Collective name for a group of deities. Buddhist. Twelve personifications of a particular kind of short mystical religious text used as a charm. Also dharini....
Deities name "Dhruva (immovable)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Astral god. The son of Uttanapada, a star in the constellation of Ursa Minor which was the pole star in the last millennium BC. An avatara of V IS NU. Also one of a group of Vasu deities answering to the god INDRA. In different context, the description of a kind of fixed icon. Attributes: prayer wheel, rosary, spear and water jar....
Goddess name "Dhumavati (smoky)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Goddess. One of a group of ten MAHAVIDYAS personifying the SAKTI of S IVA. Aspects include Darunaratri (night of frustration), who is also regarded as one of the personifications of the goddess Sakti....
Goddess name "Dhumorna (smoke)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Goddess. The consort of YAMA. Attribute: a pomegranate....
God name "Dhurjati (with matted hair)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic God. A manifestation of SI IVA in which his body is smeared with ash....
Goddess name "Diksa (initiation)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Goddess. The consort of Ugra and mother of SANTANA. Also the name of the Buddhist Tantric initiation ceremony....
Goddess name "Dirghadevi (long goddess)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Goddess. Consort of the god NIRRTI....
Goddess name "Disa (the ten directions of space)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Goddess. Consort of SI IVA in his terrible aspect of BHIMA and mother of the minor god Sarga (creation)....
Deity name "Ekanetra (on e-eyed)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Minor deity. One of a group of emancipated VIDYESVARAS (lords of knowledge) considered to be aspects of SIVA. Virtually identical with EKARUDRA, but with a single eye....
Deity name "Ekarudra" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Minor deity. One of a group of emancipated VIDYESVARAS (lords of knowledge) considered to be aspects of SIVA. Virtually identical with EKANETRA, but with normal eyes....
Goddess name "Ghantakarna (ears like bells)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic God of healing. An attendant of SIVA, worshiped as a guardian against diseases of the skin. Attributes: bell with noose, and hammer. NOTE: there is also a poorly defined goddess Ghantakarni....
Goddess name "Gulsilia Mata" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Mother goddess. A SAKTI who in later Hinduism became regarded as of evil intent, inflicting sickness. Particularly known from Bengal....
Goddess name "Hanuman (with large jaws)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Monkey god. Hanuman attends RAMA, one of the incarnations of VISINU, and personifies the ideal and faithful servant. He is the son of PAVANA, the god of winds, and is noted for his speed and agility in which context he is often worshiped by young men and athletes. He leads a mythical Forest army of monkeys, and is depicted as a monkey with a long tail. He takes a major role in the Ramayana epic searching for, and rescuing, the goddess SITA who has been captured by the demon Ravana. He may appear trampling on the goddess of Lanka [Sri Lanka]. Worshiped particularly in southern India but more generally in villages. Color: red. Attributes: bow, club, mane, rock and staff. May appear five-headed....
God name "Hari (yellowish brown)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Minor incarnation of the god V IS'NU. Popularized by modern religious movements, Hari is one of the sons of the god DHARMA who sprang from the heart of BRAHMA. He is most closely linked with KRSNA, but he and Krsna also parallel Dharma's other sons, NARA and NARAYANA. Hari can be a more generic epithet applied to several Hindu gods....
Goddess name "Hariti (green or stealing)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic (1) Mother goddess. One of the group of MATARAS (mothers) who are the patrons of children. Considered by some to be identical with the goddess Vriddhi. Her consort is Pancika, alternatively KUBERA. In her destructive aspect she steals and eats children. Particularly known from the north and northwest of India. Attribute: a child may be held at her hip, sometimes being eaten.(2) Plague goddess. Buddhist. Associated with smallpox. Also regarded in some texts as the goddess of fertility....
Goddess name "Hasta (band)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Minor goddess of fortune. A benevolent NAKSATRA or astral goddess; daughter of DAKSA and wife of CANDRA (SOMA)....
Demon name "Hayagriva (horse neck)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic (1) The most significant minor incarnation of the god VIS'NU. He probably originated as a horse god and later became an avatara associated with wisdom and knowledge. At the behest of BRAHMA, Hayagriva rescued the Vedas, stolen by two demons, from the bottom of the primeval ocean. Depicted in human form with the head of a horse and, according to the texts, eight hands. Attributes: Book (Veda), horse's mane and rosary. Also the attributes of Vis'nu. Also Hayasirsa, Vadavavaktra.(2) Patron god of horses. Buddhist-Lamaist [Tibet]. One of a group of DHARMAPALA with terrible appearance and royal attire, he is considered to be an emanation of AKSOBHYA or AMITABHA. His SAKTI is MARICI. Color: red. Attributes: horse heads, staff and trident, but also arrow, ax, banner, bow, club, flames, flower, image of Aksobhya or Amitabha on the crown, lotus, noose, prayer wheel, skin, snakes, sword and trident. Three-eyed....
Goddess name "Indukari" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Goddess. Consort of the god SAMBA. Attribute: a shield....
Goddess name "Issaki" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Goddess. Depicted carrying a headless child. Also Kerala....
Goddess name "Kadru (russet)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Goddess. One of the daughters of DAKSA, consort of KASYAPA and mother of the nagas (snake demons)....
God name "Kaliya" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Minor serpent god. One of the nagas in the endless conflict between good and evil, he poisoned the fresh water with his venom. The young KRSNA revived all the life which had drunk from it and then almost destroyed Kaliya before taking the snake as one of his followers. By tradition he lives in depths of the river Yamuna....
Goddess name "Kamala (lotus born)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Goddess. Particularly worshiped in southern India. One of a group of MAHAVIDYAS or personifications of the SAKTI of SI IVA, representing MAHARATRI....
Goddess name "Kankar Mata" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Mother goddess. A SAKTI who in later Hinduism became regarded as a SAPTAMATARA (mother) of evil intent. Known particularly from Bengal as a goddess who spreads disease....
God name "Kantatman" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Obscure god of Medicine. The twentieth of the thirty-nine minor avataras of the god VIS'NU and possibly the same as DHANVANTARI, as he is said to be a “carrier of nectar.” By different genealogy he has been equated with PRADYUMNA, the god of love....
Goddess name "Kanti (desire)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Goddess. The SAKTI of NARAYANA....
God name "Kapali (wearing skulls)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic God. One of the group of eleven EKADASARUDRAS or forms of RUDRA....
God name "Karttikeya" Hindu / Epic / Puranic (1) God. A form of SKANDA who was reared by the Pleiades stars and is generally represented therefore with six heads. (In Hindu mythology there are only six Pleiades, not the seven recognized in modern astronomy.) His SAKTI is KARTTIKI and his attendant animal is a peacock. Attributes: conch, hook, noose, prayer wheel, shield, spear, staff, sword and wood apple.(2) God. Buddhist. Equating with the Hindu god Skanda. Color: red. Rides upon a peacock. Attributes: cock, Sakti and staff....
Goddess name "Karttiki" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Mother goddess. One of a group of nine NAVASAKTIS who, in southern India, rank higher than the SAPTAMATARAS....
Goddess name "Kaumari" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Mother goddess. The SAKTI of SKANDA (Kaumara) who in later Hinduism became regarded as one of a group of seven MATARAS (mothers) of evil intent. Also one of a group of eight ASTAMATARAS. She embodies lack of envy or, alternatively, delusion. Her animal is a peacock. Attributes: arrow, ax, bell, Book, bow, cockerel, lotus, spear, staff and waterjar....
"Kesava (long-haired)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Minor avatara of VISINU. His SAKTI is KIRTI....
Goddess name "Kirti (glory)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Goddess. The SAKTI of KESAVA. Attribute: waterjar....
Goddess name "Krttika(s)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Minor goddess(es) of fortune. Strongly malevolent NAKSATRA(S) con sisting of the six stars in the Pleiades constellation who become nurses of the god SKANDA. (In Hindu mythology there are only six Pleiades, not the seven recognized in modern astronomy.)...
Goddess name "Ksama (patience)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Minor goddess. One of the daughters of DAKSA. Attribute: trident....
Deities name "Kurma(vatara)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Incarnation of the god VIS'NU. The second avatara of Vis'nu, Kurma appears in the form of a tortoise which acts as a pivot for the mountainous churning rod the gods employ to make ambrosia from the primal sea of milk after the flood. Kurma is depicted with a human torso surmounting a tortoise shell. Vis'nu is said to have appeared in this form in order to recover some of the possessions lost during the deluge. Attributes: club, conch, lotus and prayer wheel. Also the name for a vehicle of various deities....
God name "Laksmana (with auspicious marks)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic God. A halfor younger brother of the god RAMA. The son of Dasaratha and Sumitra, his consort is Urmita. He often stands to the left of Rama and may be depicted holding a bow (see also SATRUGHNA). Color: golden. Attributes: bow and ornaments....
Goddess name "Magha" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Minor goddess of fortune. A benevolent NAKSATRA; daughter of DAKSA and wife of CANDRA (SOMA)....
Goddess name "Maharatri (the great night)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Goddess. Associated with KALI and KAMALA....
Goddess name "Mahesvari" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Mother goddess. A SAKTI who in later Hinduism became one of a group of seven MATARAS regarded as of evil intent. Also one of eight ASTAMATARAS. In another grouping one of a group of nine NAVASAKTIS who, in southern India, rank higher than the SAPTAMATARAS. Attributes: antelope, arrow, ax, bow, club, drum, prayer wheel, staff and trident....
Goddess name "Mahisa (buffalo)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic demonic god. Depicted most frequently in the form of a buffalo, but he also confounds the gods by changing himself into many other animal guises. He is eventually slain by the goddess DEVI in the form of MAHISASURAMARDINI....
Goddess name "Malhal Mata" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Mother goddess. One of seven SAKTIS who in later Hinduism became regarded as SAPTAMATARAS (mothers) of evil intent. Particularly known in Bengal as a bringer of disease....
God name "Mandhata (thoughtful)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic God. Minor avatara of VISNU. One of the “lords of the universe.”...
Demon name "Matsya" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Incarnation of the god VIS'NU. In this first avatara Vis'nu appears as a fish which, according to one legend, tows a ship carrying the law-giver MANU to safety after the primal flood. Matsya engages in an epic battle with the demon HAYAGRIVA who stole the Vedas from a sleeping BRAHMA. Usually depicted with a human torso carrying symbols, e.g. wheel and conch, on a fish's body....
Demon name "Mohini (illusion)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Minor incarnation of VIS'NU. Mohini is an avatara who appears in the form of an enchantress whose form Vis'nu adopted briefly to deceive demons attempting to remove the ambrosia created by churning the primeval ocean of milk (see also GARUDA). Vis'nu used the same guise to dupe and seduce the god SIVA....
Goddess name "Mrgasiras (head of a gazelle)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Minor goddess of fortune. A benevolent NAKSATRA; daughter of DAKSA, wife of CANDRA (SOMA)....
Goddess name "Mula" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Minor goddess of fortune. A malevolent NAKSATRA; daughter of DAKSA and wife of CANDRA (SOMA)....
God name "Nandi(n) (rejoicing)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Bull god. Generally associated with S IVA as a bull-vehicle and an embodiment of fertility. Color: white. The image usually stands in an anteroom of the temple guarding the place where the statue of S iva is located. A S iva devotee touches the image's testicles on entry to a shrine. In anthropomorphic form he may be known as Nandisa....
God name "Nara (man)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Minor incarnation(s) of the god VISNU. Some authorities place these as separate avataras, but they are usually linked....
Goddess name "Narasinha (man-lion)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Incarnation of the god Vis'nu. The fourth avatara of the god is depicted as a man-lion hybrid. According to legend, the demonic king Hiranyakasipu had taken on a dangerous invulnerability. To thwart this, VIS'NU took the form of Narasinha and hid inside a pillar of the king's palace whence he sprang, capturing Hiranyakasipu and tearing out his entrails. IconographicalIy, the scene is portrayed with the victim thrown across Narasinha's lap and the god's claws plunged into his body. Narasinha may also appear seated in a yoga position with the goddess LAKSMI on his knee....
Goddess name "Narasinhi" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Mother goddess. A SAKTI of NARASINHA who is one of a group of ASTAMATARA mothers. In another grouping, one of nine NAVASAKTIS who, in southern India, rank higher than the SAPTAMATARAS. Also CANDIKA....
God name "Naraaana" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Creator god. More or less synonymous with VIS'NU, but specifically describing the embodiment of the “abode of man.” He is said to have sucked his toe while sailing the primeval ocean on a banana leaf, until his own inspiration created the world. Often depicted supported by the bird god GARUDA.See also NARA....
Goddess name "Padma (lotus)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic (1) Snake god. One of a group of seven MAHANAGAS. Attributes: rosary and water jar. Three-eyed.(2) Goddess. An incarnation of LAKSMI, the consort of an avatara of VIS NU. She is depicted as emanating from the padma or lotus (Nelumbium speciosum) which is the symbol of creation and one of the most important iconographic devices in Hinduism. Also KAMALA....
Demon name "Parasurama (Rama-with-the-ax)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Incarnation of the god VIS'NU. The sixth avatara of Vis'nu (see also RAMA) in which form he saved the world from an army of tyrannical warriors. According to legend, Rama, the son of a wise man, became a skilled bowman and in gratitude he went to the Himalaya where he stayed, devoting himself to SIVA. His consort is DHARANI. Though without his bow, Rama acted as a champion of the gods in a war against the demons and was rewarded with an ax. In another legend, Vis'nu took the form of Parasurama to rid the world of despotic rulers. This avatara appears in human form, with two arms and with an ax in the right hand. Other attributes: arrow, bow, knife, skin and sword. Also Parasuramavatara....
Goddess name "Phul Mata" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Mother goddess. A SAKTI who in later Hinduism became one of the SAPTAMATARAS regarded as of evil intent, inflicting sickness on children under seven years old. Particularly known from Bengal....
God name "Piyusaharana" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Obscure physician god. Identified in the texts as the eighteenth of the thirty-nine minor incarnations of the god VISNU; said to be a “carrier of nectar.”...
Deities name "Prabhasa (shining dawn)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Attendant god. One of a group of VASU deities answering to the god INDRA. Attributes: cup, hook, Sakti and staff....
Goddess name "Pracanda (furious)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Distinct form of the goddess DURGA. One of a group of NAVADURGAS or “nine durgas.”...
Goddess name "Pradhana (most important)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Mother goddess. One of a group of nine NAVASAKTIS who, in southern India, rank higher than the SAPTAMATARAS....
Deities name "Pratyusa (scorching)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Attendant god. One of a group of VASU deities answering to the god INDRA. Attributes: hook, knife, Sakti and sword....
Goddess name "Priti (pleasure)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Goddess. A daughter of DAKSA and consort of the god of love KAMADEVA. One of twelve SAKTIS associated with the god VIS'NU in his various incarnations....
Goddess name "Punarvasu" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Minor goddess of fortune. A benevolent NAKSATRA; daughter of DAKSA and wife of CANDRA (SOMA). Concerned with restoring lost or stolen property....
Goddess name "Purvabhadrapada" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Minor goddess of fortune. A benevolent NAKSATRA; daughter of DAKSA and wife of CANDRA (SOMA)....
Goddess name "Purvaphaguuni" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Minor goddess of fortune. A moderately disposed NAKSATRA; daughter of DAKSA and wife of CANDRA (SOMA)....
Goddess name "Purvasadha" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Minor goddess of fortune. A moderately disposed NAKSATRA; daughter of DAKSA and wife of CANDRA (SOMA)....
Goddess name "PustI (growth)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Fertility goddess. In northern India she is the second consort of VIS'NU, but elsewhere may also be linked with SARASVATI and named as a consort of GANESA....
Goddess name "Pusya" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Minor goddess of fortune. A benevolent NAKSATRA; daughter of DAKSA and wife of CANDRA (SOMA)....
Demon name "Rama (pleasing)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Incarnation of the god VIS NU. The seventh avatara (sun aspect) of Vis nu. Rama began as a comparatively minor incarnation who became one of the great heroes of the Ramayana epic, as well as featuring in the Mahabharata. The son of Dasaratha and Kausalya, he was a king of Ayodhya who, in the Ramayana, slew the demon Ravana that had captured his consort SITA and was upheld as a deity par excellence in respect of manhood and honor, though his subsequent treatment of his wife might be regarded as cavalier (see Sita). The Ramayana epic was composed by the poet and sage Valmeeki during the reign of Ramachandra and it gave form to a story that had been in existence for many centuries as an oral tradition. Valmeeki portrayed Rama not as an incarnate deity but as a great mortal hero. The saga is strongly political and serves to unite a vast and fragmented people in a common focus, irrespective of caste and language. It defines the historical schism between the Hindu culture of India and the largely Buddhist tradition of Sri Lanka. Rama rides in a chariot and is depicted in human form with two arms, typically holding a sugar cane bow and with a quiver at his shoulder. Also Ramacandra....
Goddess name "Rati" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Goddess of sexual desire. A daughter of DAKSA (in some texts SIVA) and the consort of the god KAMADEVA. One of twelve SAKTIS associated with the god VISINU in his various incarnations. Attribute: a sword....
Goddess name "Raudri" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Mother goddess. One of a group of nine NAVASAKTIS who, in southern India, rank higher than the SAPTAMATARAS. She may also equate with the terrifying aspect of PARVATI as DURGA or KALI....
Goddess name "Revati" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Minor goddess of fortune. A benevolent NAKSATRA; daughter of DAKSA and wife of CANDRA (SOMA)....
Goddess name "Riddhi (prosperity)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Goddess. One of the consorts of GANESA, but otherwise very close in appearance to LAKSMI. She carries Laksmi's attributes when standing alone....
Goddess name "Rohini (red)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic (1) Minor goddess of fortune. A benevolent NAKSATRA; daughter of DAKSA and wife of CANDRA (SOMA). She is the mother of BUDHA.(2) Goddess of learning. Jain. One of sixteen VIDYADEVI headed by the goddess SARASVATI....
God name "Rsabha (the bull)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic God. An unusual avatara of VIS'NU. Said to be similar to the Jain deity Rsabhanatha and therefore may represent an attempt to meld the two religions by absorbing Jainism locally....
Goddess name "Rukmini (witb gold ornaments)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Goddess. The daughter of Bhismaka, she is the first consort of KRSNA and typically stands to his right. Her son is KAMA. She is also an avatara of LAKSMI. Attribute: a lotus. Also Rukmabayi....
Goddess name "Saridhya" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Goddess. The daughter of BRAHMA and consort of S IVA or other deities....
Goddess name "Sankari" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Mother goddess. One of the SAPTAMATARAS....
God name "Sankha(pala)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Snake god. One of a group of seven MAHANAGAS or nagadevas. Attributes: cup and rosary. Three-eyed....
God name "Sanmukha (six-beaded)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic God. A form of SKANDA and the son of PASUPATI and Svaha. God of the month asadba. His SAKTIS include VIJAYA and Jaya. He holds a large variety of attributes. Also Arumukan....
Goddess name "Santa (appeased)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Mother goddess. A SAKTI who is one of a group of both SAPTAMATARA and ASTAMATARA mothers. Also CAMUNDA....
Goddess name "Saptamatara" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Generic title of a group of mother goddesses. Seven deities of evil influence, who generally inflict disease or other harm on children. Common color: red. Attributes: cup and lotus....
Goddess name "Satabhisa" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Minor goddess of fortune. A malevolent NAKSATRA; daughter of DAKSA and wife of CANDRA (SOMA)....
God name "Satrughna (destroyer of foes)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Minor god. The brother of LAKSMANA and a half-brother to the god RAMA. His mother is Sumitra. He may be depicted holding a fly whisk in each hand.See also LAKSMANA....
Goddess name "Siddhi (accomplishment, success)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Minor goddess of good fortune. A deity who grants favors. Sometimes associated with the elephant god GANESA or MAHA-GANAPATI, on whose knee she may sit. In earlier times she was described as a consort of BHAGA....
Deity name "Sikhandin (with a tuft of hair)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Minor deity. One of a group of emancipated VIDYESVARAS (lords of knowledge) considered to be aspects of S IVA. Attributes: knife and sword....
Goddess name "Sitala(mata) (possibly meaning ‘mother cold')" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Mother goddess. One of seven SAKTIS who in later Hinduism became regarded as of evil intent, inflicting sickness. Particularly known from Bengal where she may be identified with the goddess KALI. Usually standing naked upon a lotus or riding an ass. Alternatively symbolized by a stone on which a face is painted. Attribute: waterjar....
God name "Sivottama (highest Siiva)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Minor god. One of a group of emancipated VIDYESVARAS (lords of knowledge) considered to be aspects of SIVA....
Goddess name "Sodasi (girl of sixteen)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Minor goddess. One of a group of MAHAVIDYAS personifying the SAKTI of SIVA. Aspects include Divyaratri....
God name "Somasaaida" Hindu / Epic / Puranic God. Aspect of the god SIVA. Of uncertain origin, but possibly representing a composite trio of Siva with his consort UMA (PARVATI) and his son SKANDA (as a boy). Four-armed. Attributes of Siva: ax, corpse and hatchet. Attribute of Uma: lotus. Attributes of Skanda: Book, headdress, mango fruit and ornament....
Goddess name "Sravana (lame cow)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Minor goddess of fortune. A benevolent NAKSATRA; daughter of DAKSA and wife of CANDRA (SOMA). Also Srona....
Goddess name "Sravistha" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Minor goddess of fortune. A benevolent NAKSATRA; daughter of DAKSA and wife of CANDRA (SOMA)....
Goddess name "Sri(devi) (prosperity)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic (1) Goddess. An early name which was syncretized with that of LAKSMI to form Sri-Laksmi.(2) Goddess. Buddhist-Lamaist [Tibet]. One of a group of DHARMAPALA with terrible appearance and royal attire who protect the Dalai Lama. A manifestation of the goddess DEVI sometimes seen in company with VIS NU, when conventionally she stands on his right. Her breasts are covered by a narrow band of cloth. She may be invoked to provide wealth (see also Laksmi). Her retinue includes the goddesses of the seasons and her animal is a mule. Color: blue. Attributes: chiefly cup and staff but on occasion several other objects including a pink lotus. Three-eyed and may be three-headed. Also LHA MO.(3) Goddess. Jain....
Deity name "Srikantha (beautiful throat)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Minor deity. One of a group of emancipated VIDYESVARAS (lords of knowledge) considered to be aspects of S IVA, in this instance referring to his darkish blue neck. Also one of the EKADASARUDRAS or eleven forms of RUDRA. Attributes: hatchet and trident....
Goddess name "Subhadra (very splendid)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Goddess. The daughter of VASUDEVA and sister of KRSNA. She may appear standing beside JAGANNATH....
Deity name "Subrahmanya" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Minor warrior deity. A form of KARTTIKEYA which is depicted with six heads and twelve arms. Also SHADANANASUBRAHMANYA; see also SKANDA....
Planet name "Sukra (bright)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Astral god. The personification of the planet Venus and the tutor of the demons. He may, on occasion, be represented as female, owing to the fact that he was once made to swallow his attendant Kaca and then restore him to life. Color: white. Rides in a golden or silver chariot drawn by eight or ten horses. Attributes: Book, prayer wheel, purse, staff, treasure and waterjar....
Deity name "Suksma (very small)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Minor deity. One of a group of emancipated VIDYESVARAS (lords of knowledge) considered to be aspects of S IVA. Attributes: hatchet and trident....
God name "Suresvara (lord of the gods)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic God. One of the eleven EKADASARUDRAS or RUDRA gods. Attributes: arrow, ax, bell, bow, bowl, club, drum, hook, iron rod, lotus, prayer wheel and trident....
Goddess name "Svati" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Minor goddess of fortune. A benevolent NAKSATRA; daughter of DAKSA and wife of CANDRA (SOMA). Also Nistya....
God name "Taksaka" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Snake god. One of a group of seven MAHANAGAS. Attributes: rosary, swastika and waterjar....
God name "Trivikrama (taking three steps)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic God. It may originally have been the name of a Sun god, but is taken as the incarnation of VISNU which strides the world in three steps in his dwarfish manifestation, and is linked with the Hindu perception of the three parts of the world—heaven, air and earth. His SAKTI is SANTI. Normally depicted with the left leg raised. Attributes: arrow, bow, club, conch, knife, lotus, noose, plough, prayer wheel, staff and sword....
Goddess name "Ugracandika (violent Canda)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Distinct form of the goddess DURGA. One of a group of NAVADURGAS, the “nine durgas.”...