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God Name and Meaning

List of Gods : "India"   (200++ records)

NameOrigin Description
Spirit name
"Gunnodoyak"
A youthful heroic deity who was once mortal Iroquois (North American Indian). He was empowered by the spirit of thunder, Hino, to conquer the Great water Snake, enemy of humankind. The serpent devoured Gunnodoyak but was then slain by Hino, who cut open the snake, recovered the body of Gunnodoyak and returned him to his rightful place in heaven....
Spirit name
"Manitu"
Algonquin Indian / USA Creator god. A vaguely defined being who controls all things and imparts knowledge to the tribe. He may be identified as the great spirit in the sky. Probably similar to MANITO....
God name
"Kitanitowit (good creator)"
Algonquin Indian / eastern Canada Creator god. The first being who is present everywhere in the universe. He is invisible and is represented diagrammatically by a point surrounded by a circle on which are marked the four quarters....

"American Indians"
American Indians Otkon, Messou, and Atahuata.
Supreme god name
"Meiechei (master of men)"
Araucania Indian / southern Andes Supreme god. Also known as Pillan (heaven) and, west of the Andes, Guenu-Pillan (spirit of heaven)....
Goddess name
"Gunabibi"
Australian aboriginal Creator goddess. Also known as Kunapipi, she is extensively revered by aborigines in northern Australia, including the Yolngu people. Her cult bears some similarity to that of the Greek mother goddess DEMETER and to Tantric cults in India. For this reason the cult is thought to have been introduced from Asia to Arnhem Land and then to other parts of the Australian continent as early as the sixth century. Mythology indicates that Gunabibi has been perceived as a deity who came from the sea or the rivers during the Dreamtime but who reigns now over dry land. Among modern aborigines she is the subject of esoteric rituals which also involve the great serpent Yulunggul with whom Gunabibi has been closely involved....
Spirit name
"Acacila"
Aymara Indian / Peru / Bolivia—Titicaca Basin Animistic spirit. One of a group of vaguely defined beings who control the weather, including Rain, hail and frost....
God name
"Alk'unta'm"
Bella Coola Indian / British Columbia, Canada Sun god. Linked closely with SENX, both are of equal significance. His mother is a cannibal woman, Nunuso' mikeeqone'im, who can turn into a mosquito....
Goddess name
"Anaulikutsai'x"
Bella Coola Indian / British Columbia, Canada River goddess. Said to oversee the arrival and departure of the salmon in the rivers. She lives in a cave called Nuskesiu'tsta....
God name
"Lalaia'il"
Bella Coola Indian / British Columbia, Canada God of shamans. The deity who initiates into the shamanistic circle. He lives in the Forest and carries a wooden wand bound with cedar bark which he waves, creating a singing noise. He also frequents woodland lakes and ponds. When a woman meets him she is said to menstruate, while a man develops a nose bleed. Also Kle-klati-e'il....
Goddess name
"Qamai'ts"
Bella Coola Indian / British Columbia, Canada Creator goddess. Said to live in the upper heaven, Atsa'axl, from where she controls the earth. According to tradition the mountains were once malevolent beings who made the world uninhabitable, until she conquered them and reduced them in size. She is never invoked or prayed to. Also Tsi Sisnaaxil (our woman); Ek Yakimtolsil (afraid of nothing)....
God name
"Senx"
Bella Coola Indian / British Columbia, Canada Sun god. The ruler of the lower heaven, Sonx, in which is situated the home of the gods, Nusmeta (the house of myths). The only deity to whom the Bella Coola pray and make offerings. Hunters throw small pieces of mountain goat or seal flesh into a sacrificial fire. Also Ta'ata (our father); Smai'yakila (sacred one)....
God name
"Toa'lalit"
Bella Coola Indian / British Columbia, Canada God of hunters. Oversees the hunting of mountain goats. He is invisible, but great hunters may catch a glimpse of his hat, moccasins or mountain staff moving about. His animals are the lynx and raven....

"Maitreya"
Buddhist Designate Buddhist / India
Goddess name
"Mari (1) (killing)"
Buddhist (1) Deification of literature. One of a group of DHARANIS. Color: reddish white. Attributes: needle, thread and staff.(2) Mother goddess. Dravidian (Tamil) [southern India]. See also MARI MAI....
Goddess name
"Giia"
Buddhist - Lamaist / Tibet Mother goddess. One of a group of Astamataras (mothers). Color: red. Attributes: Indian gong and lute....
Spirit name
"AKSOBHYA (imperturbable)"
Buddhist / India The second dbyani buddba or meditation buddha. One of five mystic spiritual counterparts of a human buddha in Vajrayana Buddhism. Emanations include HERUKA, MANJUSRI, VAJRAPANI and a large number of minor names. See also AMITABHA, AMOGHASIDDHI, RATNASAMBHAVA and VAIROCANA....
Spirit name
"AMITABHA"
Buddhist / India The fourth dhyani buddha or meditation buddha. One of five mystic spiritual counterparts of a human buddha in Vajrayana Buddhism. Color: red. Attributes: lock of hair, lotus, monk's robe and water jar. Amitabha is also taken as a tutelary god in Lamaism [Tibet] in which case his attributes include bell, jewel and three monkish robes. Emanations include PADMAPANI, MANJUSRI and many other minor names. See also AKSOBHYA, AMOGHASIDDHI, RATNASAMBHAVA and VAIROCANA....
Spirit name
"AMOGHASIDDHI"
Buddhist / India The fifth dhyanibuddha or meditation buddha. One of five mystic spiritual counterparts of a human buddha in Vajrayana Buddhism. Color: green. Attributes: staff and sometimes seven-headed snake. Amoghasiddhi is also taken as a tutelary deity in Lamaism [Tibet] in which case his attributes include bell, three monkish robes and prayer wheel. Emanations include Visvapani and many other minor names. See also AKSOBHYA, AMITABHA, RATNASAMBHAVA and VAIROCANA....
Goddess name
"AVALOKITESVARA (merciful lord)"
Buddhist / India Bodhisattva or buddhadesignate. One of the most important deities of the Mahayana sect of Buddhism. In Lamaism he is the tutelary god of Tibet. He equates with VIS NU in Hinduism and bears links with PADMAPANI. In cosmic mythology he is a creator deity. Color: white or red. Attributes: blue lotus, image of Amitabha (topmost pyramidal head), lotus, rosary, sword and water jar. NOTE: in Chinese Buddhism he is represented by the goddess Kuan-Tin, and in Japanese by KWANNON....
God name
"BUDDHA"
Buddhist / India The founder of Buddhism. The deity is regarded as having been an historical figure, born at Kapilavastu near Gorakhpur. He died at Kusinagara in circa 486 BC. His father was SUDDHODANA of the Sakya clan, his mother was MAYA and his wife YASODHARA. Buddha is, in certain respects, the equal of the Hindu god VIS NU. H...
Deities name
"Heruka"
Buddhist / Mahayana God. One of the most popular deities in the pantheon, though probably owing much to the influence of the Hindu god S IWA. Originally an epithet for another Hindu god, GANESA, but in Buddhism seen as an emanation of AKSOBHYA. His SAKTI is NAIRAMATA and the product of their liaison is nirvana (eternal bliss). Typically he stands upon a corpse. In northeastern India, Heruka is worshiped as a compassionate god. Attributes: club, flayed human skin, image of Aksobhya, jewel, knife, fifty skulls, sword, staff and teeth....
Goddess name
"Ksitigarbha (womb of the earth)"
Buddhist / Mahayana Goddess. Known exten sively from northern India to China and Japan. One of the group of female BODHISATTVAS or buddha designates. Color: yellow or green. Attrib utes: Book, bowl, jewel, staff and water jar. In China she is recognized as an underworld deity, Di zang. In Japan she becomes a guardian deity of passage, Jizo....
Goddess name
"Parna-Savari (dressed in leaves)"
Buddhist / Mahayana Goddess. An emanation of AKSOBHYA and BODHISATTVA or buddha-designate. Also one of a group of DHARANIS (deifications of literature). She is particularly recognized in the northwest of India. Her vehicle is GANESA surmounting obstacles. Color: yellow or green. Attributes: arrow, ax, bow, flower, noose, peacock feather, skin and staff. She is depicted as having three eyes and three heads....

"Bodhisattva (one whose essence is perfect knowledge)"
Buddhist / northern India, Tibet, China / Japan Generic title for a buddha-designate. Any one of the earlier stages of a future buddha. Depicted wearing regal dress and trappings, including a crown. The most significant include AVALOKITESVARA, MAITREYA and MANJUSRI....
King name
"Acala aka Achala"
Buddhist / India Acala, is the best known of the Five Wisdom kings of the Womb Realm. Acala means "The Immovable One" in Sanskrit. Acala is also the name of the eighth of the ten stages of the path to buddhahood. Acala is the destroyer of delusion and the protector of Buddhism. Buddhist / India

"Akasagarbha"
Buddhist / India Bodhisattva one of the eight great bodhisattvas. His name can be translated as "boundless space treasury" or "void store" as his wisdom is said to be boundless as space itself. He is sometimes known as the twin brother of the "earth store" bodhisattva Ksitigarbha. In Japan he is known as Kokuzo. Buddhist / India

"Amitabha"
Buddhist / India A celestial buddha described in the scriptures of the Mahayana school of Buddhism. According to these scriptures, Amitabha possesses infinite merits resulting from good deeds over countless past lives as a bodhisattva named Dharmakara. Buddhist / India
God name
"Amithba"
Buddhist / India The boddhisattva of 'infinite light'. Amithba represents the primordial, self-existent Buddha. This god was born from a lotus and ceaselessly stretches out aid to the weak and faltering. Amithba became a popular way of salvation for many Buddhists because he was the archetype of compassion, gentle and easygoing.
God name
"Pakrokitat"
California Creator god who made people with a face at the front and back of their heads. After a hissy fit, he decended to the middle of the earth. The Serrano Indians, California

"Yagastaa"
Carrier Indians He who dwells on High is my father. He sent me down to help you because your village was so unhappy, your women always weeping for their lost children. The Carrier Indians
Spirit name
"Maheo"
Cheyenne The void dwelling omnipotent Great spirit and creator who created the water, light and air. With the help of Coot he made land by placing mud on the back of Grandmother Turtle, who then became the earth. Cheyenne Indians
God name
"Lendix-Tcux"
Chilcotin Indian / British Columbia, Canada Tutelary god. The so-called transformer known by different names among many Indian tribes. He is a wanderer who can change shape from human to animal and who educates the human race. He often appears in the guise of a raven, or as a dog, and has three sons....
Goddess name
"Si"
Chimu Indian / pre - Columbian / coastal regions of Peru moon god. The head of the pantheon and guardian of weather and of harvests. He is depicted subtended by a sickle moon, wearing a feathered crown and an armored projection on his back. May also be represented as a goddess....
God name
"Ni"
Chimu Indian / pre - Columbian South America / coastal areas of Peru Sea god. A significant deity in the pantheon, revered by fishermen. Often linked with SI, the moon god....
Goddess name
"Kuan Yin"
China Benign guardian goddess, probably of India origin China / Taoist

"Deluges"
Chinese The principle ones are: the deluge of Fohi, Chinese. The Satyavrata, of the Indians; the Xisuthrus, of the Assyrians; the Mexican deluge; Noah's Flood and the Greek deluges of Deucalion and Ogyges.
Goddess name
"Tou Mou"
Chinese Goddess of measure. Usually depicted with many arms and with a caste mark on her forehead, suggesting that she derives from the goddess of the aurora, MARICI, in Indian Buddhism. She is considered to live in the constellation of Ursa major and may also be an aspect of the astral goddess TIN HAU....
God name
"Mi-Lo Fo"
Chinese Buddhist God. The local name given to the BODHISATTVA MAITREYA. Like the Indian model he is represented as a rubicund figure. Attributes include roses and a purse....
Goddess name
"Asa Poorna"
Chohan / India A goddess of happiness
Spirit name
"Hisagitaimisi"
Creek 'The One Who Sits Above'. The Great spirit who manifested himself in bush fires. Creek Indians

"Isakakate"
Crow The supreme being of the Crow. Plains Indians
Spirit name
"Wakai Taaika"
Dakota Indian / USA Creator god. A remote and vaguely defined deity invoked by the shamans of the tribe. Also a generic term equating to the spirit which, in an animistic and shamanistic religion, all things existing in nature possess....
Goddess name
"Korravai"
Davidian / Tamil / S India / Sri Lanka though sweet to the to for (?) A war goddess
Goddess name
"Korraval"
Dravidian Goddess of war India / Dravidian / Tamil / Sri Lanka
God name
"Amma (1)"
Dravidian / Tamil Local tutelary god. Known from southern India....
God name
"Manmatha"
Dravidian / Tamil Form of the god of carnal love. A local southern Indian form of Kama with similar attributes and genealogy, named in Sangam literature....
Goddess name
"Bala-Sakti"
Dravidian / Tamil / southern India Goddess. Youthful deity who presides over six CAKRAS or prayer wheels. Often accompanied by a geometric magical diagram or yantra. Attributes: Book, hook, noose and rosary....
Goddess name
"Mariyamman (mother of smallpox)"
Dravidian / Tamil / southern India Plague goddess. A terrible goddess, one of the NAVASAKTIS and linked with the goddess KALI. She is honored in a ritual during which victims (in penance) are suspended from a rope and an iron hook through the flesh of the back and whirled around a pole. Also Mariyattal....
God name
"Murukan"
Dravidian / Tamil / southern India Hunting and war god. Identified with the Hindu god SKANDA. His vehicle is an elephant or a peacock. Color: red. Attributes: spear and staff with gar land....
Goddess name
"Muttalamman (pearl-mother)"
Dravidian / Tamil / southern India Plague goddess. Specifically identified with smallpox. Also Mutyalamma....
Goddess name
"Puranai (fullness)"
Dravidian / Tamil / southern India Mother goddess. A NAVASAKTI and one of the consorts of Aiyanar....
God name
"Sama"
Dravidian / Tamil / southern India Obscure heroic god. Known circa first to fifth century AD. The younger brother of the god of love KAMA and equating to SAMBA, worshiped in northern India....
God name
"Venda"
Dravidian / Tamil / southern India Creator god. An ancient vegetation deity. Worshiped in villages on the plains, thought to live in trees and equated with Indra....
Goddess name
"Kamaksi (of amorous appearance)"
Dravidian / Tamil / southern India / Sri Lanka Goddess. A SAKTI of SI IVA recognized locally at Kanchipuram, but also in her own right at several places in southern India. Also Kamatchi (Tamil)....
Goddess name
"Korravai"
Dravidian / Tamil / southern India / Sri Lanka war goddess. Worshiped in desert regions in southern India, thought to live in trees and equating to DURGA. She has a son, MURUKAN. Also Katukilal; Korrawi....

"Samkarsana"
Dravidian / Tamil / southern India / Sri Lanka Localized form of BALARAMA. Has a complexion “white like milk,” wears a blue robe with a red garland and carries a nanjil (plough)....
God name
"Seyon (the red one)"
Dravidian / Tamil / southern India / Sri Lanka Creator god. An early deity associated particularly with hilly regions in parts of southern India and thought to live in trees. Also Muruga....
Supreme god name
"Qa'wadiliquala"
Dza'wadeenox Indian / British Columbia, Canada Supreme god. The guardian of the tribe but also a river deity responsible for bringing the salmon each year. Said to live in the river Gwae. His eldest son is TEWI'XILAK, the god of goat hunters. His attributes include a headband of red cedar bark....
Supreme god name
"Tewi'xilak"
Dza'wadeenox Indian / British Columbia, Canada God of goat-hunters. The eldest son of the supreme god QA'WADILIQALA . Said to kill goats with great ease and feed the tribe. Attributes include a head band of red cedar bark....
God name
"Nediyon"
Early Dravidian / Tamil / southern India Creator god. Equates with a syncretization of VISNU and KRSNA. The name implies a deity of tall stature. Sangam texts describe him wearing a golden robe. Attributes: conch, prayer wheel and lotus. Also Neduvel....
God name
"Mayon (the black one)"
Early Dravidian / Tamil / southern India / Sri Lanka Creator god. Animistic high god of the pastoral regions, found in Sangam literature and thought to reside in trees. Perhaps equating with VIS'NU or KRSNA....
God name
"Mithras"
Greco - Roman God of soldiers. Derived from the Indian-Persian model. He became particularly prominent among military people throughout the Roman Empire during the first and second centuries AD, as a god symbolizing loyalty and truth. The cult was performed in an underground temple, the mitbraeum, and involved the sacrifice of a bull. Mithraism, under Roman influence, was an exclusively male cult....
God name
"Aluelp"
Greek An Indian nymph, who was passionately loved by Dionysus, but could not be induced to yield to his wishes, until the god changed himself into a tiger, and thus compelled her by fear to allow him to carry her across the river Sollax, which from this circumstance received the name of Tigris. Greek
King name
"Panic"
Greek On one occasion Bacchus, in his Indian expeditions, was encompassed with an army far superior to his own; one of his chief captains, named Pan, advised him to command all his men at the dead of night to raise a simultaneous shout. The shout was rolled from mountain to mountain by innumerable echoes, and the Indians, thinking they were surrounded on all sides, took to sudden flight. Greek
God name
"Priapus"
Greek Priapos, a son of Dionysus and Aphrodite. Aphrodite, it is said, had yielded to the embraces of Dionysus, but during his expedition to India, she became faithless to him, and lived with Adonis. On Dionysus return from India, she indeed went to meet him, but soon left him again, and went to Lampsacus on the Hellespont, to give birth to the child of the god. Greek
God name
"Pore"
Guyanan Indian / South America Creator god. Engendered the earth and all living things. Also Pura....
Goddess name
"Djila'qons"
Haida Indian / Queen Charlotte Island, Canada Sea goddess. An old woman who lives at the head of a major inlet in Haida territory and controls all the creatures of the sea....
God name
"Haili'laj"
Haida Indian / Queen Charlotte Island, Canada Plague god. Particularly associated with smallpox. Believed to be so terrible that he is not even propitiated with food. He sails in a canoe of pestilence with huge sails like those of the white man's ships which brought plague to the Indians....
God name
"Hi'lina"
Haida Indian / Queen Charlotte Island, Canada Tribal god. The personification of the thunderbird known to many Indian tribes. The noise of the thunder is caused by the beating of its wings, and when it opens its eyes there is lightning. The thunder clouds are its cloak....
God name
"Sga'na"
Haida Indian / Queen Charlotte Island, Canada Sea god. Embodied in the killer whale (Orca). The universe is believed to be inhabited by super natural beings called Sga'na Qeda's for whom the land was first created. Also Masset San....
Supreme god name
"Sins Sga'nagwai (power of the shining heavens)"
Haida Indian / Queen Charlotte Island, Canada Supreme god. The god who gives power to all things....
God name
"Ta'xet"
Haida Indian / Queen Charlotte Island, Canada God of death. The deity responsible for those who die violently.See also TIA....
God name
"Tra (death by violence)"
Haida Indian / Queen Charlotte Island, Canada God of death. Those who are about to die a violent death are said to hear him groaning about the camp and see him as a headless corpse with blood flowing endlessly from his severed neck. He flies through the air.See also TA'XET....
God name
"Xil Sga'nagwai"
Haida Indian / Queen Charlotte Island, Canada Medicine god. Said to appear as a raven....

"Anasuya"
Hindu That is, the charity, was wife of an ancient Indian rishi (sage) named Atri. In the Ramayana, she appears living with her husband in a small hermitage in the southern periphery of the Forest of Chitrakuta. She was very pious, and always practiced austerities and devotion. Hindu
Goddess name
"Bharat Mata"
Hindu Mother goddess who is the mother of India Hindu
Goddess name
"Kali"
Hindu Goddess of cemeteries, destruction and death who helped dance the universe into existence Hindu / Puranic / India
Goddess name
"Laksmi"
Hindu Goddess of Agriculture, love, beauty, prosperity, Lotus flowers, wealth, and pleasure Hindu / Puranic / India / Epic
Deity name
"Muruga"
Hindu Is the most popular Hindu deity amongst Tamils of Tamil Nadu state in India and in the Tamil diaspora.
God name
"Prthu"
Hindu Creator god, noble king who ruled over India, mentioned in Vedic texts. This deity is head of the solar pantheon and introduced Agriculture to humankind. Hindu

"Salagrama"
Hindu A stone credited with possessing magical properties and worn in parts of India as an amulet. Hindu
Goddess name
"Sati"
Hindu Mother goddess Hindu / Puranic / India / Epic
God name
"Ghentu"
Hindu Minor god. Known in northern India as the god who “sends the itch.”...
God name
"Hardaul"
Hindu Plague god, also a wedding god. A locally worshiped deity known particularly in Bundelkhand, northern India, as a protector against cholera and considered to have been an historical figure who died in AD 1627....
Goddess name
"Hatthi"
Hindu Plague goddess. Particularly associated with cholera in northwestern India....
Goddess name
"Hinglaj(-Mata)"
Hindu Mother goddess. Locally worshiped in northern India and particularly in Baluchistan....
Goddess name
"Kumari (virgin)"
Hindu Goddess. Generally recognized to be an epithet of DURGA. Worshiped at a famous temple on the southernmost tip of India at Cape Comorin. Also known in Nepal, where a small girl provides an earthly incarnation of the goddess....
Goddess name
"Mata (great mother)"
Hindu Primeval mother goddess. The archetypal progenitrix of all living things. She becomes the tutelary goddess of every village in northern India, but is also seen as a plague goddess associated with smallpox, in which case her epithet becomes Maha Mai. Her Tamil counterpart is Amman....
God name
"Maturaiviran"
Hindu Locally worshiped god. Of fearsome character, he is the deification of a seventeenth century policeman who eloped with a princess and was slain. Known from southern India, where he is also a god of wine. Attributes: shield and sword....
Goddess name
"Minaksi (fish eyed)"
Hindu Local fish goddess. Regarded as a SAKTI of SI IVA (i.e. PARVATI) and the daughter of KUBERA. She is the mother of Ugra. Minaksi is known mainly from southern India where one of her main temples is at Madurai....
God name
"Munisvara"
Hindu Deified saint. Technically a demigod but worshiped as a deity by Dravidians in southern India. Also Municami (Tamil)....
Deities name
"Nagaraja"
Hindu Snake god. The generic title of a deity equating with the terms mahoraga (great serpent) or nagadeva. Such deities were worshiped in India as early as the Indus Valley civilization (prior to 1700 BC)....
Goddess name
"Navasakti(s)"
Hindu Generic title of a group of goddesses. The nine MATARAS or mothers. In southern India they are considered virgin goddesses and are held in higher esteem that the comparable group of SAPTAMATARAS....
God name
"Revanta (with wealth)"
Hindu God of hunters. The son of SURYA and SANJNA. Known mainly from eastern India and Gujarat, he protects mankind against the dangers of the Forest. Infrequently depicted in art....
God name
"Thakur Deo"
Hindu Local god. Known from various villages in northern India. His consort is DHARTI MATA. May appear with a white horse. Also Thakkur....
God name
"Vindhya"
Hindu mountain god. Personification of the hills forming the northern edge of the Deccan area of central India....
Goddess name
"Ammavaru"
Hindu - Dravidian Primordial mother goddess. Known locally from east central India and worshiped by the Dravidian tribe of Telugu. She is said to have generated the cosmic egg in the sea of milk from which the major gods BRAHMA, VIS'NU and SIVA were born....
Goddess name
"Ankalamman"
Hindu - Dravidian / Tamil Guardian goddess. Known particularly in southern India where she wards off demons. Alternatively she is an aspect of KALI....
God name
"Cankilikkaruppan (the black man of the chain)"
Hindu - Dravidian / Tamil Local god. Worshiped in southern India....
Goddess name
"Cenaaianiyammai (lady of the red paddyfield)"
Hindu - Dravidian / Tamil Local goddess. Guardian of paddyfields in southern India....
God name
"Gajavahana"
Hindu - Dravidian / Tamil God. A form of SKANDA who has an elephant as a vehicle. Mainly from southern India. Attributes: cockerel and spear....
Goddess name
"Nappinnai"
Hindu - Dravidian / Tamil Local goddess. Consort of KRSNA. Mentioned in the Vaisnavite and Saivite literature, the Krsna-Nappinnai cult was prominent in Tamil-speaking areas of southern India in the seventh to ninth centuries. According to tradition Krsna wed Nappinnai after a bullbaiting contest during which he took on and defeated seven bulls. Nappinnai may be a localized form of Sri-Laksmi. Also Pinnai....
God name
"Palaniyantavan"
Hindu - Dravidian / Tamil Local god. Known only from southern India and considered to be a form of SKANDA or of MURUKAN, who is an old Tamil tribal snake god....
Goddess name
"Satyabhama (with true luster)"
Hindu - Dravidian / Tamil Goddess. Known particularly from southern India as the second consort of KRSNA, who stands on her left; also as the secorid consort of V ISNU. Attribute: a flower....
Goddess name
"Ellaman (lady of the boundary)"
Hindu - Dravidian / Tamil / southern India Goddess of passage. A goddess guarding boundaries of villages and fields. One of the NAVASAKTI or astral deities. Also Ellaiyamman....
God name
"Gal Bapsi (‘hook' god)"
Hindu - Dravidian / Tamil / southern India Local god. Worshiped particularly by the Bhils. To expiate sins, the penitent thrusts a hook into his back and is suspended from it on the day when the Sun enters Aries....
Goddess name
"Hanuman (with large jaws)"
Hindu / Epic / Puranic Monkey god. Hanuman attends RAMA, one of the incarnations of VISINU, and personifies the ideal and faithful servant. He is the son of PAVANA, the god of winds, and is noted for his speed and agility in which context he is often worshiped by young men and athletes. He leads a mythical Forest army of monkeys, and is depicted as a monkey with a long tail. He takes a major role in the Ramayana epic searching for, and rescuing, the goddess SITA who has been captured by the demon Ravana. He may appear trampling on the goddess of Lanka [Sri Lanka]. Worshiped particularly in southern India but more generally in villages. Color: red. Attributes: bow, club, mane, rock and staff. May appear five-headed....
Goddess name
"Hariti (green or stealing)"
Hindu / Epic / Puranic (1) Mother goddess. One of the group of MATARAS (mothers) who are the patrons of children. Considered by some to be identical with the goddess Vriddhi. Her consort is Pancika, alternatively KUBERA. In her destructive aspect she steals and eats children. Particularly known from the north and northwest of India. Attribute: a child may be held at her hip, sometimes being eaten.(2) Plague goddess. Buddhist. Associated with smallpox. Also regarded in some texts as the goddess of fertility....
Goddess name
"Kamala (lotus born)"
Hindu / Epic / Puranic Goddess. Particularly worshiped in southern India. One of a group of MAHAVIDYAS or personifications of the SAKTI of SI IVA, representing MAHARATRI....
Goddess name
"Karttiki"
Hindu / Epic / Puranic Mother goddess. One of a group of nine NAVASAKTIS who, in southern India, rank higher than the SAPTAMATARAS....
Goddess name
"Mahesvari"
Hindu / Epic / Puranic Mother goddess. A SAKTI who in later Hinduism became one of a group of seven MATARAS regarded as of evil intent. Also one of eight ASTAMATARAS. In another grouping one of a group of nine NAVASAKTIS who, in southern India, rank higher than the SAPTAMATARAS. Attributes: antelope, arrow, ax, bow, club, drum, prayer wheel, staff and trident....
Goddess name
"Narasinhi"
Hindu / Epic / Puranic Mother goddess. A SAKTI of NARASINHA who is one of a group of ASTAMATARA mothers. In another grouping, one of nine NAVASAKTIS who, in southern India, rank higher than the SAPTAMATARAS. Also CANDIKA....
Goddess name
"Pradhana (most important)"
Hindu / Epic / Puranic Mother goddess. One of a group of nine NAVASAKTIS who, in southern India, rank higher than the SAPTAMATARAS....
Goddess name
"PustI (growth)"
Hindu / Epic / Puranic Fertility goddess. In northern India she is the second consort of VIS'NU, but elsewhere may also be linked with SARASVATI and named as a consort of GANESA....
Demon name
"Rama (pleasing)"
Hindu / Epic / Puranic Incarnation of the god VIS NU. The seventh avatara (sun aspect) of Vis nu. Rama began as a comparatively minor incarnation who became one of the great heroes of the Ramayana epic, as well as featuring in the Mahabharata. The son of Dasaratha and Kausalya, he was a king of Ayodhya who, in the Ramayana, slew the demon Ravana that had captured his consort SITA and was upheld as a deity par excellence in respect of manhood and honor, though his subsequent treatment of his wife might be regarded as cavalier (see Sita). The Ramayana epic was composed by the poet and sage Valmeeki during the reign of Ramachandra and it gave form to a story that had been in existence for many centuries as an oral tradition. Valmeeki portrayed Rama not as an incarnate deity but as a great mortal hero. The saga is strongly political and serves to unite a vast and fragmented people in a common focus, irrespective of caste and language. It defines the historical schism between the Hindu culture of India and the largely Buddhist tradition of Sri Lanka. Rama rides in a chariot and is depicted in human form with two arms, typically holding a sugar cane bow and with a quiver at his shoulder. Also Ramacandra....
Goddess name
"Raudri"
Hindu / Epic / Puranic Mother goddess. One of a group of nine NAVASAKTIS who, in southern India, rank higher than the SAPTAMATARAS. She may also equate with the terrifying aspect of PARVATI as DURGA or KALI....
Goddess name
"Vaisnavi"
Hindu / Epic / Puranic Mother goddess. A SAKTI of V IS NU, also regarded as a form of LAKSMI. In later Hinduism she became one of a group of MATARAS regarded as of evil intent. Also one of a group of eight ASTAMATARAS. In another grouping one of nine NAVASAKTIS who, in southern India, rank higher than the SAPTAMATARAS. Her vehicle is the hybrid beast GARUDA. Attributes: child, club, conch, lotus and prayer wheel....
Goddess name
"Varahi"
Hindu / Epic / Puranic Mother goddess. A SAKTI who in later Hinduism becomes one of a group of MATARAS regarded as of evil intent. Also one of a group of eight ASTAMATARAS. In another grouping, one of nine NAVASAKTIS who, in southern India, rank higher than the SAPTAMATARAS. She sits upon a boar, buffalo or elephant. Attributes: boar's head, bow, club, cup, knife, noose, plough, sword and trident....
God name
"Venkata"
Hindu / Epic / Puranic Form of the god V ISNU. According to the Aditya Purana, Venkata is a deity of considerable importance in southern India. The name does not occur in the north. He is worshiped extensively by Hindus but particularly in the Tamil shrine of Tirupati where there is argument that the deity depicted is SIVA or KARTTIKEYA. The image appears to carry attributes of Vis'nu on the left and Siva on the right. Also Venkatesa....
Goddess name
"Bhumidevi (the earth goddess)"
Hindu / Epic / Puranic / southern India Fertility goddess. The second wife of VIS NU (or KRSNA). Her son is Naraka. Bhumidevi is often depicted standing on the left (occasionally right) hand of the VARAHA avatara of Vis nu. In the north she is known as PUSTI. She is often depicted sitting on a lotus throne with bared breasts. Attributes: blue lotus, lotus, lute, pomegranate, pot with herbs, pot with vegetables and water jar. Also Bhu, Bhudevi, BHUMI, MAHI, PRTHIVI, VASUDHARA and Zami-Mata....
God name
"AGNI (fire)"
Hindu / India God of fire. God of the sacrificial fire and the intercessor between gods and mankind, Agni is the son of KASYAPA and ADITI or, alternatively, of Dyaus and PRTHIVI. Color: red. Attributes: seven arms and sometimes the head of a goat, carrying a wide variety of objects....
Deities name
"BRARMA (the creator)"
Hindu / India Creator god. With VIS'NU and SIVA, Brahma is one of a trinity of supreme creator deities in the Hindu pantheon. Brahma is depicted with four heads, often bearded, facing in four directions, and with four hands, sometimes with one of them raised in blessing or promise. As a god of knowledge he often carries the Vedas (earliest Sanskrit mythology said to have sprung from his head) in one of his hands. According to one legendary source he was created from the right side of the primordial creator force....
God name
"DARARIA"
Hindu / India Jjustice. The god of law who originates as a creator god and one of the sons of Brahma, but almost certainly derives from the dharmas or archetypal patterns of society identified in the Rg Veda. According to tradition he is the consort of thirteen daughters of DAKSA and the father of Yudhisthra. Also regarded as a minor avatara of VISNU, appearing as a bull standing for the redemption of souls....
God name
"Pasupati (lord of animals)"
Hindu / India God of animals. His consort is Svaha and his son is SANMUKHA. He is thought to have been derived from an earlier pre-Indo Aryan deity worshiped by the Indus Valley civilization as a horned god with three faces, sitting surrounded by animals. In Hindu culture regarded as an aspect of S IVA and depicted standing upon a corpse....
God name
"Annammr i"
Hindu / Puranic Form of the god V IS'NU. The patron deity of kitchens and food. A shrine at Srirangam in southern India contains two-armed bronze images of the god. Attributes: a ball of rice in one hand, and in the other a container of payasa (sweetened milk and rice)....
God name
"Ardhanari(svara) (the lord being half woman)"
Hindu / Puranic God. The god SI IVA combined with his SAKTI as a single being. His attendant animal is the bull. In iconography the left side of the image is female and the right male. A tutelary deity of eunuchs in India. Attributes: (right side) blue lotus, cup, hatchet, lute, moon disc, pestle, skin, sword and trident; (left side) ax, mirror, noose, pitcher, rosary, sacred rope and trident. May appear as three-headed. Also Ammaiappan (Tamil); Naranari....
God name
"Ganapati (lord of hosts)"
Hindu / Puranic (1) God. The more commonly recognized name of the elephant god GANESA, particularly favored in western India.(2) God. Buddhist (Mahayana). The name of a deity influenced by the Hindu god Ganesa. Depicted riding upon a rat or mouse and carrying an assortment of attributes....
God name
"Mahadeya (mighty god)"
Hindu / Puranic God. An important epithet of SIVA with three heads (two male, one female) signifying the three aspects—Aghora (right), Saumya (center) and Sakti (left). Attributes: ax, bell, hook, mirror, noose, staff, sword, tree and trident. Also identified as a manifestation of Siva and one of the EKADASARUDRAS (eleven forms of RUDRA). In northern India among tribes including the Gonds, the expression Mahadeo (great god) is directed toward Siva as the supreme deity....
Demon name
"Nataraja (lord of the dance)"
Hindu / Puranic Form of the god SI IVA. Emerging from AD 1200 onward, this form depicts SI iva as “lord of the dance” ringed by fire and with one foot on a demon in the form of a black dwarf. Nataraja arguably epitomizes the moving power in the cosmos. Largely seen in southern Indian bronzes which display the dance-form anandatandava....
Goddess name
"Jyrstha"
Hindu / Puranic / earlier Goddess of misfortune. The elder sister of the goddess LAKSMI, Jyestha personifies poverty and is depicted with a large belly and long nose. In earlier Hinduism she was worshiped particularly in southern India. Also a NAKSATRA of evil influence; daughter of DAKSA and wife of CANDRA (SOMA). Her animal is an ass. Attributes: arrow, banner with crow, cup, blue lotus, hair-ornament and staff....
Goddess name
"Pidari (snake-catcher)"
Hindu / Puranic / later One of the consorts of S IVA. A benevolent NAVASAKTI. The cult of Pidari probably evolved in the sixth and seventh centuries AD and is generally restricted to southern India. She is considered an aspect of the goddess KALI and is invoked in many villages to ward off evil and demons. She has most of the attributes of Kali and may also have snakes around her breasts, but may additionally be represented by a stone. Her cult moved at one time and reached a climax in eastern India between the eighth and twelfth centuries. Attributes: cup, fire, noose and trident. Also Pitali; Kala-Pidari....
Goddess name
"Pattinidevi (queen of goddesses)"
Hindu / Singhalese / Sri Lanka Mother goddess. A deification of Kannaki, the consort of Kovolan who, according to ancient Tamil tradition, journeyed to the town of Madurai to sell a gold anklet. Through trickery she was convicted of theft and executed, but was canonized. According to another tradition, she was born from a mango pierced by a sacred arrow. In southern India and Sri Lanka a goddess of chastity and fidelity in marriage. Also a guardian against diseases, including measles and smallpox. She is associated with fire-walking rituals. Attributes: cobra-hood behind the head, and a lotus....
Goddess name
"Indrani"
Hindu / Vedic / Puranic Goddess of wrath. Daughter of Puloman, a demonic figure killed by the god INDRA, and the SAKTI and consort of Indra. One of seven MATARAS (mothers) who in later Hinduism became regarded as of evil intent. Also one of a group of eight ASTAMATARAS personifying jealousy (also named Aindri in this capacity). In another grouping one of nine NAVASAKTIS or astral deities who, in southern India, rank higher than the SAPTAMATARAS. Her attendant animal is either an elephant or a lion. Attributes: hook, rosary, Santana flower, staff and waterjar. One thousand-eyed. Also Aindri; Mahendri; Paulomi; Saci; Sujata....
God name
"Bhumiya (guardian of fields)"
Hindu / Vedic / Puranic / northern India Fertility god. Guardian deity of fields, worshiped as a rough stone icon. In later times a form of VIS NU....
Deities name
"Kalki(n) (with white horse)"
Hindu / Vedic, Epic / Puranic horse god. Possibly the tenth avatara of VIS'NU. He rewards the good and punishes evil. The counterpart of the Buddhist deity MAITREYA. horses became associated with Divine kingship in ancient India because of their speed of movement. Solar deities were perceived to ride horses across the sky and horse sacrifice became highly significant. Kalki is depicted either anthropomorphically or with the head of a horse and has four arms. He is attended by a white horse. Attributes: arrow, conch, prayer wheel, shield and sword. Also Vis'nuyasas....
Goddess name
"Khandsba"
Hindu / late Form of the god SI IVA. Khandoba is believed to have emerged as a deity with a distinct cultic following no earlier than the thirteenth or fourteenth century, mainly in western India and centered on Jejuri, near Poona. The god is generally regarded as one of several martial forms which SI iva took to combat demons. His consort is the goddess MHALSA, considered to be a form of PARVATI. He is depicted bearing four arms and is usually mounted on a horse, but may also be accompanied by a dog. Attributes: bowl, drum, sword and trident. Also Makhari; Mallari; Martland....
Goddess name
"Mhalsa"
Hindu / late Minor goddess. The consort of KHANDOBA and considered to be a form of the goddess PARVATI. Locally worshiped at Jejuri, near Poona in western India....
God name
"Shaii"
Hindu / late Astral god and bringer of misfortune. The cult of Shani evolved in about the eighth century AD with the advance of Indian astronomy. He is propitiated frequently to ward off ill-luck and may be depicted sitting on a lotus or riding in a chariot. Attribute: a staff....
Goddess name
"Bombay Kamayan"
Hindu / northern India Local disease goddess. Particularly worshiped at Gaya....
Goddess name
"Didi Thakrun"
Hindu / northern India Plague goddess. Associated with cholera. Worshiped locally at Bardvan....
God name
"Samba"
Hindu / northern India Heroic god. The son of KRSNA and RUKMINI, alternatively the son of VIS NU. The younger brother of the god KAMA and consort of INDUKARI. Also one of the minor incarnations of Vis nu worshiped in the cult of the pancaviras by the Vrisni clans....
Goddess name
"Badi Mata"
Hindu / northern Indian Mother goddess. A SAKTI and one of the seven SAPTAMATARAS (mothers) who in later Hinduism became regarded as of evil intent, attacking children during puberty. Particularly recognized in Bengal....
Goddess name
"Karaikkal Ammaiyar"
Hindu / southern India Local mother goddess. Known from the town of Karikal as a deified ascetic who is depicted with an emaciated form. Attribute: playing cymbals....
Deities name
"Vasu[s]"
Hindu / India A generic title for the gods / deities that attend Indra
Goddess name
"Parvati/ Sakti/ Ahladini-Sadini/ Sati/ Uma"
Hindu / Puranic / Epic / India A goddess of the mountains
Goddess name
"Sati/ Sakti/ Parvati"
Hindu / Puranic / Epic / India A mother goddess
Goddess name
"Kali"
Hindu / Puranic / India A goddess of cemeteries, destruction & death that helped dance the universe into existence
God name
"Kama/ Kama[Deva]"
Hindu / Puranic / Indian A god of love & carnal desire
Goddess name
"Karalkal Ammaiyar"
Hindu / S India A local mother goddess
Deity name
"Munisvara"
Hindu / Dravidian A regional Tamil deity who is popular amongst the least Sanskritized social groups of South India specifically Tamil Nadu. Hindu / Dravidian
Goddess name
"Ammavaru"
Hindu / India / Dravidian Primordial mother goddess who laid an egg that hatched into the Divine trinity of Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva. Hindu / India / Dravidian
God name
"Dyaus Pitar"
Hindu / India / Vedic Creator god. Hindu / India / Vedic
Goddess name
"Huruing Wuhti"
Hopi In the Hopi Indian creation story, they were a pair of women who survived the Great Flood. The Huruing Wuhti were later venerated as mother goddesses, because they gave birth to the Hopi people.
Goddess name
"Metsaka"
Huichol Indian / Mesoamerican / Mexico moon goddess. Known as “grandmother moon,” she is the consort of the fire god TATEVALI. She guards the Huichol against the god of death, TOKAKAMI....
Goddess name
"Takotsi Nakawe (our grandmother growth)"
Huichol Indian / Mesoamerican / Mexico Chthonic vegetation goddess. The earth and all plant life belong to her and she is regarded as the mother of the gods, particularly of the fire god TATEVALI. She is very old and is invoked to give the boon of longevity. Her sacred tree is a form of fig, the salate....
God name
"Tamats Palike Tamoyeke (our eldest brother walking everywhere),"
Huichol Indian / Mesoamerican / Mexico God of wind and air. The messenger of the gods, he also put the world into its present form and shape....
Goddess name
"Tate Hautse Kupuri (mother north water)"
Huichol Indian / Mesoamerican / Mexico Rain and water goddess. Similar to TATE KYEWIMOKA, but also responsible for mists and fogs....
Goddess name
"Tate Kyewimoka (mother west water)"
Huichol Indian / Mesoamerican / Mexico Rain and water goddess. Appears in lightning and is said to resemble a red snake. She lives in a deep gorge with caves, in Santa Catarina, and brings the Rain from the west. Her animals include deer and ravens and she is also the goddess of the corn....
Goddess name
"Tate Naaliwahi (mother east water)"
Huichol Indian / Mesoamerican / Mexico Rain and water goddess. Appears in lightning and brings Rain from the east. She lives in a deep gorge with caves, in Santa Catarina....
Goddess name
"Tate Oteganaka (mother corn)"
Huichol Indian / Mesoamerican / Mexico corn goddess. The mother of the Sun god TAYAU....
Goddess name
"Tate Rapawiyema (mother south water)"
Huichol Indian / Mesoamerican / Mexico Rain and water goddess. Similar to TATE KYEWIMOKA, but also the patron goddess of Laguna de Magdalena, where she is believed to take the form of a water lizard....
Goddess name
"Tate Velika Vimali"
Huichol Indian / Mesoamerican / Mexico Sun goddess. Perceived as a young girl or as a royal eagle who holds the world in her talons and guards it. In human form the night sky with its stars are her dress....
God name
"Tatevali (our grandfather)"
Huichol Indian / Mesoamerican / Mexico God of fire. Also a deity of life and health, perceived as a shaman who prophesies and cures disease. He is the tutelary god of shamans and is said to have built the first Huichol temple with the god TATOSI. His animals include the macaw, royal eagle, cardinal bird, puma and opossum....
God name
"Tatosi (great grandfather deer tail)"
Huichol Indian / Mesoamerican / Mexico God of fire. A deity regarded as the son of TATEVALI, having been created from the plumes of his father, but also the chief god of deer. His sacred animal is the white-tailed hawk. Also Mara Kwari....
God name
"Tayau (father sun)"
Huichol Indian / Mesoamerican / Mexico Sun god. According to tradition, he was created by the ancient shamans, who threw the youthful son of the corn mother TATE OTEGANAKA into an oven in full ceremonial attire. He traveled underground and emerged in the east as the Sun. In late May, the Huichol sacrifice a sheep and a turkey in a ritual fire, after which they sing all night until Sunrise. Also Tau; Taverik....
God name
"Tayau Sakaimoka"
Huichol Indian / Mesoamerican / Mexico Sun god. The deity of the setting Sun in the west, regarded as the assistant of TAYAU....
Goddess name
"Tokakami"
Huichol Indian / Mesoamerican / Mexico God of death. His chief antagonist is the moon goddess METSAKA....
God name
"Imyapa"
Inca / pre - Columbian South America / Peru, etc weather god. Also perceived as a thunder god, he became syncretized with Santiago, the patron saint of Spain. The Indians called Spanish firearms Ilyapa. Also Inti-Ilyapa; Coqi-Ilya; Illapa; Katoylla....
Goddess name
"Inlti (sun)"
Inca / pre - Columbian South America / Peru, etc Sun god. His consort is the moon goddess MAMA-KILYA. Inti was depicted as a trinity in the sanctuaries in Cuzco, possibly in deference to the Christian Trinity. The Temple of the Sun is reported to have housed images, in gold, of all the sky gods in the Inca pantheon on more or less equal terms, since the Sun is regarded as one of many great celestial powers. Inti may also have been depicted as a face on a gold disc. The socalled “fields of the Sun” supported the Inca priesthood. The three Sun deities are Apo-Inti (lord Sun), Cori-Inti (son Sun) and Inti-Wawqi (sun brother). The Sun god(s) is perceived as the progenitor of the Inca rulers at Cuzco through two children—a son Manco Capac and his sister / consort Mama Ocllo Huaco. The Quechua Indians of the central Andes call the same deity Inti Huayna Capac and perceive him as part of a trinity with the Christian god and Christ....
Goddess name
"Mama Qoca (mother sea)"
Inca / pre - Columbian South America / Peru, etc Goddess of the ocean. Originally a pre-Inca goddess of coastal regions who retained her influence under Inca rule. Invoked by all Indians who gain their livelihood from the sea. Today probably syncretized largely with the Christian Virgin Mary. Also Mama Cocha....
Goddess name
"Mama-Kilya (mother moon)"
Inca / pre - Columbian South America / Peru, etc moon goddess. The consort of the Sun god INTI, she is important in the calculation of time and regulating the Inca festival calendar. The Indians consider that an eclipse of the moon is a time of great danger, caused by a mountain lion or snake eating the moon, and perform a ritual making as much noise as possible to frighten the predator off....
God name
"Apo (lord)"
Inca / pre Columbian South America / Peru, etc mountain god. The apotheosis of an Andean mountain, all mountains being sacred to the South American Indians....
God name
"Abhasvara"
India A class of 64 devas or demigods created by Brahman. India
God name
"Agni"
India A god of lightning, fire, & the Sun & who also mediates between the gods & humans
God name
"Agni"
India God of lightning, fire, and the Sun and who also mediates between the gods and humans. India
Goddess name
"Al Shua"
India Goddess of Ursa major. India
Goddess name
"Alopurbi"
India A goddess of hunting
Goddess name
"Amba"
India Goddess of the earth, one of the deities of Pre-Aryan race, which Aryans absorbed in their pantheon. India
Goddess name
"Amba Dravidian"
India A goddess of the earth

"Annapurna"
India A Hindu avatar of Durga who ruled over food production. India
Goddess name
"Antai"
India The goddess of mercy, healing and whooping cough. India
Goddess name
"Ashi"
India Goddess of wisdom India
Goddess name
"Ashis"
India Goddess of happiness. India

"Atma"
India The Divine spark, whatever that is, in humans

"Atma / Atman"
India Atma aka Atman a philosophical term used within Hinduism and Vedanta to identify the soul. It is one's true self beyond identification with the phenomenal reality of worldly existence. India

"Bahu"
India the Creating Mother. India
God name
"Balarama"
India God of Agriculture. India

"Bangma or Bangmi"
India A fabulous bird in India, which can talk and give oracular advice.
Goddess name
"Banka Mundi"
India A goddess of the hunt and fertility. India
Goddess name
"Bardaichila"
India Assamese storm Goddess.
Deity name
"Bella Penu Khond"
India a local deity Orissa
Goddess name
"Bentakumari"
India Goddess of water. The first fish of the season was given to her. India
Goddess name
"Bera Pennu"
India earth and vegetation goddess. India
God name
"Bhaga"
India One of the Adityas, a god of wealth and marriage in Hinduism.

"Bhagavan"
India The Supreme Being or Absolute Truth. India
Goddess name
"Bhavani"
India A ferocious aspect of Hindu goddess Shakti or Devi. Bhavani means "giver of life", the power of nature or the source of creative energy. In addition to her ferocious aspect, she is also known as Karunaswaroopini, "filled with mercy". India

"Bhumi"
India The ten stages a Bodhisattva advances through in the path to become a Buddha. India
Goddess name
"Bhumi Devata"
India A vegetation goddess
Ghost name
"Bhut"
India A type of evil spirit. It is especially the evil ghost of a man who has died due to execution, accident, or suicide. People protect themselves by lying on the ground, because the bhutas never rest on earth. In the Bhagvad Gita, Krishna the Avatar declares that the humans who worship bhutas become bhutas themselves. India