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God Name and Meaning

List of Gods : "N Africa"   (156 records)

NameOriginDescription
God name
"Ajalamo"
Africa God of unborn children. Nigeria, West Africa
Spirit name
"Ajalamo"
Yoruba / Nigeria, West Africa God of unborn children. According to legend, in some vague mythological realm there exist rows of shelves with spirits of the unborn. These are the responsibility of Ajalamo....
God name
"Ajalamo Yoruba"
Africa God of fetuses. west Africa() / Nigeria
Goddess name
"Aje"
Yoruba / Nigeria, West Africa Goddess of wealth. She is thought to appear as a fowl scratching the earth and, in creation mythology, was sent down with ODUDUWA, the earth goddess....
God name
"Akongo"
Ngombe / Democratic Republic of Congo, central Africa Creator god. The supreme deity considered to have given the world, and all that is in it, form and substance....
Goddess name
"Ala"
Ibo / eastern Nigeria, West Africa Chthonic fertility goddess. A popular deity who is also goddess of the underworld linked with a cult of the dead (which rest in her womb). Her temple is the Mbari which contains a cult statue depicting the goddess seated with a child in her arms and adorned with the crescent moon. She is flanked by attendant deities. She enjoys a profusion of local shrines which are well supplied with votive offerings. Serious crimes including murder are considered to be offenses against her. An annual yam festival is celebrated in her honor. Also Ale, Ana, ANI....
Goddess name
"Ala aka Ale"
Africa Ana, Ani, Chthonic fertility goddess who is also goddess of the underworld linked with a cult of the dead, which rest in her womb . Ibo Eastern Nigeria, West Africa
Deities name
"Alatangana"
Kono / eastern Guinea, West Africa Creator god. One of two creator deities; the other is SA. ALATANGANA created land from swamp and placed vegetation on earth. VAJRAPANI and a large number of minor names.See also AMITABHA, AMOGHASIDDHI, RATNASAMBHAVA and VAIROCANA....
Goddess name
"Amma (2)"
Dogon / Mali, West Africa Creator god. He first created the Sun by baking a clay pot until it was white hot and coiling a band of copper around it eight times. He created the moon in similar fashion but used brass. Black people were created from Sunlight and white from moonlight. Later, having circumcised the earth goddess, whose clitoris was an anthill, he impregnated her and produced the first creature, a jackal. Next he fertilized her with Rain to engender plant life and finally became the father of mankind....

"Ammon"
Africa Originally an Aethiopian or Libyan divinity, whose worship subsequently spread all over Egypt, parts of Africa, and many parts of Greece. The real Egyptian name was Amun or Ammun.

"Among the Yoruba"
Africa / Nigeria Aja also refer to a "wild wind";. It's believed that if someone is carried away by aja, and then returns,he becomes a powerful "jujuman". The journey supposedly will have a duration of between seven days to three months, and the person so carried is thought to have gone to the land of the dead or heaven (0run).
God name
"Ananse Ashanti"
Africa The creator of the Sun, stars, day, moon & night who often intercedes between gods & mortals
God name
"Aondo"
Africa Creator god who lives in the sky and sends the Sun each morning. Central Nigeria, West Africa
God name
"Aondo"
Tiv / central Nigeria, West Africa Creator god. An abstract principle who lives in the sky. He sends the Sun each morning, roars with the thunder which heralds his storms and is the creator of the earth....
God name
"Apedemak"
Sudanese / Meroe war god. An Egyptianized deity, his main sanctuary was contained in a vast religious complex and center of pilgrimage at Musawwarat-es-Sufra, north of the sixth Nile cataract. Sacred animals include cattle and the African elephant. Depicted with the head of a lion and a human body, holding a scepter embellished with a seated lion at the tip....
Goddess name
"Asase Yaa"
Ashanti / Ghana, West Africa Chthonic fertility goddess. A major deity revered over a wide area of Akanand Fante-speaking Ghana. She has no temples or priests but days (Thursdays) are set aside in her honor and no ploughing is permitted. By tradition a farmer sacrifices a cockerel to her each year to ensure a good harvest, sprinkling the blood on the ground. As the womb of the earth, she represents the goddess of the dead and she is also goddess of truth. Also Asase Efua (Fante)....
Goddess name
"Ashiakie"
Gan / district around Accra, Ghana, West Africa Goddess of wealth. The daughter of NAI, god of the sea, she was born in the ocean and came to land in a canoe. Her colors are red and white....
Goddess name
"Ashiakle"
Africa Goddess of wealth. The daughter of Nai, god of the sea, she was born in the ocean and came to land in a canoe. Ghana, West Africa
Supreme god name
"Asis"
Suk / Pokot / Kenya / Uganda, East Africa Sun god. These two tribes share the same pantheon. The younger brother of the supreme god of heaven TORORUT. In Nandi [Kenya] religion, Asis becomes the supreme creator god....
God name
"Ataa Naa Nyongmo"
Gan / district around Accra, Ghana, West Africa Creator god. He engendered the earth and also controls the Sun and the Rain. He causes disasters such as epidemics and earthquakes if his laws and rites are disobeyed....
Goddess name
"Atete"
Kafa / Ethiopia, northeastern Africa Fertility goddess. She was assimilated into the Christian cult of the Virgin Mary, but is probably the subject of an ancient fertility rite performed by women who collect various sacred plants and throw them into the river. The festival is known as Astar yo Mariam (Epiphany of Mary)....
Goddess name
"Azele Yaba"
Africa Goddess of justice. wife of Nyamele, a sky god Africa
God name
"Bacax"
Roman - North African Local god. A rare example of a named deity from this region, thought to have been worshiped as a cave god. Known from inscription at Cirta [Constantine]....
God name
"Bariga"
Ngbandi / northern Democratic Republic of Congo / Central African Republic God of clear waters. One of seven gods invoked at daybreak, the creator deity of white-skinned people....
Goddess name
"Caelestis"
Carthaginian / North Africa moon goddess. The Romanized form of the Punic goddess TANIT. Elsewhere she became syncretized into the cult of APHRODITE-VENUS. Annual games were held in her honor. She was brought to Rome in the form of an abstract block of stone (like that of KYBELE from Pessinus) and became popular there during the early part of the third century AD; in this guise she was known as the “mighty protectress of the Tarpeian hill.”...
God name
"Chhene"
Isoko / southern Nigeria, West Africa Creator god. An abstract being who is embodied by a mediator in the form of a sacred wooden totem, the Oyise. The god has no temples or priests....
God name
"Chiuke"
Ibo / Nigeria, West Africa sky god. Regarded as a creator god....
Deities name
"Dii Mauri"
Africa The God of Moors. Immortal, they act as redeemers, and benevolent indigenous deities. North Africa
Deities name
"Dii Mauri Moor"
N Africa They were redeemers, immortals, & exalted deities that were almost never named
God name
"Dongo"
Songhai / Niger valley, West Africa storm god. The creator of thunderbolts, which are perceived as stone ax-heads. As the celestial smith he forges lightning and strikes a huge bell with his ax to generate thunder....
Goddess name
"Dzivaguru"
Korekore / Shona / northern Zimbabwe, southern Africa Chthonic mother goddess. Originally said to have ruled both heaven and earth and lived in a palace by a sacred lake near Dande. She is depicted wearing goatskins and bearing a cornucopia holding magical substances. Her sacred creatures are mythical golden Sunbirds, probably modeled on swallows, a pair of which were actually discovered in Zimbabwe....
God name
"Eji Ogbe"
Africa God who is king of the pantheon Africa(west) / Nigeria / Yoruba
God name
"Eji Ogbe"
Yoruba / Nigeria, West Africa Tutelary god. The so-called “king” of the pantheon and mentioned in a legend of the dove which is a symbol of prosperity....
Deities name
"Eschu/ Legba"
Yoruba / Africa These deities are messengers between gods & mortals, not very nice either
God name
"Eshu"
Yoruba / Nigeria, West Africa Itinerant god. An ancient deity regarded as the attendant and messenger of the creator god OLODUMARE. He passes among mortal people assessing character and meting out punishment. Devotees are identified by necklaces of black or brown beads....
God name
"Esu"
Edo / Benin / Nigeria, West Africa God of passage. A fearsome deity who stands at the gates of the home of the gods holding a set of keys. He is known for his trickery....
God name
"Faro"
Bambara / Mali, West Africa River god. Regarded as the deity who brought order to the world at the time of creation. He impregnated himself and gave birth to twins who were the first human beings. He is also the progenitor of fish stocks in the river Niger. His chief adversary is the god of the desert wind, TELIKO. Faro is propitiated annually by a Komo society of men in a ritual of dancing. They use a special mask which is created anew each year. According to legend Faro came to earth after a long period of drought during which most of the living things died. He also gave mankind the gift of speech....
God name
"Fe"
Gai / Ivory Coast, West Africa Tutelary god. By tradition he arbitrated a dispute between two tribes, the Chuilo and the Nyaio. The Nyaio were eventually defeated and Fe became specifically the god of the Chuilo people. He is propitiated by means of a dance in which a terrifying mask is worn....
God name
"Gaunab"
Khoi / Hottentot / Namibia, southern Africa Malevolent god of darkness. The chief adversaryof the creator god TSUNIGOAB. He was engaged in a primordial struggle for supremacy during which Tsunigoab was wounded but eventually triumphed, consigning Gaunab to the so-called “black heaven.”...
God name
"Gaunab Kohl"
Hottentot / Namibia / S Africa A malevolent God of darkness as well as the god of of of the black heaven
God name
"Gibini"
Gishu / Uganda, East Africa Plague god. Associated with the smallpox god ENUNDU, he is propitiated with offerings of vegetables and is symbolized by special trees planted near the house....
Goddess name
"Gleii"
Fon / Benin, West Africa moon goddess. The consort of the Sun god LISA and the mother of a large number of minor astral deities, the gletivi, who became the stars of heaven....
Goddess name
"Hara Ke"
Songhai / Niger, West Africa Goddess of sweet water. Considered to live beneath the waters in tributaries of the river Niger, attended by two dragons, Godi and Goru. The spirits of the dead are believed to live in a Paradise city in the depths of the Niger....
King name
"Heitsi-Eibib"
Namaqua A flood hero deity who "came from the east," landing in the west of Cape South Africa, a very long time ago, with fellow survivors from a Sunken kingdom. Namaqua
God name
"Ifa"
Yoruba / western Nigeria, West Africa God of wisdom. An oracular deity who, according to tradition, lives in a sanctuary in the holy city of Ile Ife but who is called on by the tutelary god, OLDUMARE, for advice. He is the father of eight children, all of whom became paramount chiefs....
God name
"Ifru"
Roman / N Africa A god known from an inscription at Crita
God name
"Ifru"
Roman - North African God. A rare example in this region of a named deity. Known from an inscription at Cirta [Constantine, Algeria]....
God name
"Ikenga (right forearm)"
Ibo / Nigeria, West Africa God of fortune. A benevolent deity who guides the hands of mankind. He is depicted wearing a horned headdress, and carrying a sword and a severed head. He is invoked as a household guardian....

"Inkanyamba"
Africa A legendary serpent living in a waterfall lake area in the northern Forests near Cape Town, South Africa

"Inkosazana"
Africa Who came out on the same day that men came out of the earth. She is not commonly seen. We hear it said the primitive men knew her. No one existing at the present time ever saw her. She is said to be a very little animal, as large as a polecat, and is marked with little white and black stripes; on one side there grows a bed of reeds, a Forest, and grass;97 the other side is that of a man. Such is her form. South Africa
God name
"Iruva"
African Sun god. A number of tribes worship the Sun by this generic name, particularly in Cameroon, Congo and Tanzania....
Goddess name
"Isa (2)"
Songhai / Niger, West Africa River goddess. The mother goddess of the river Niger....
Spirit name
"Itonde"
Mongo / Nkundo / central Democratic Republic of Congo, Africa God of death. He consumes rats as food and is also the god of hunters in the dark jungle Forests. Described in the Epic of Lianja as the first man to die whose spirit reincarnated at the instant of death, into his son LIANJA. He possesses a bell with magical properties, the elefo, by which he predicts where death will strike....
God name
"Jakomba"
Bangala / Democratic Republic of Congo, central Africa God of morality. Also known as the god of hearts, he controls human thought. Also Nzakomba....
God name
"Jok"
African Creator god. A generic term employed by a large number of tribes. Generally the jok is represented by a totem and also has an animal name. The Acholi in Uganda perceive jok to live in caves to which they deliver food and drink offerings. For the Shilluk in Sudan, Jwok created mankind from river clay....

"Juok"
Africa / Egypt Juok of the Shilluks. Juok molded all men of earth while he wandered the earth creating the rest of the world. White men were created from white sand which Juok found in the land of the white. Red or brown men were created out of the mud of the Nile in Egypt. Black men were created from black earth found in the land of the Shilluck. According to this creation story, man was given all necessary parts to function. Each part had a reason for being. For example, Juok gave man arms in order for man to work. Africa
God name
"Kahdir/ Al Kahdir"
N Africa A vegetation god of the got his immortality by drinking from the well of life
God name
"Kalahari aka Cagn Mantis"
Africa a creator god of the people of the Kalahari in Africa and in particular Botswana. He is credited with having made all things (he made the moon from an old shoe), and is the god of natural phenomena. Omnipresent, he manifests himself in everything in the world, but especially in the mantis and caterpillar, which seem to be his favored animals. He has one wife, Coti, and, with her, two sons, Cogaz and Gewi. At one time, he lived on earth but he later moved his dwelling to the top of the sky.
God name
"Kalrnga"
Ndonga / northern Namibia, southern Africa Creator god. Said to take the form of a giant man who is always partially hidden by clouds and generally seen only by women intermediaries known as nelagos who go to converse with him in sacred places. He is the father of MUSISI. The god is invoked at times of warfare and illness, but also as a fertility deity and before making a journey....

"Kalunga Ndonga"
Africa Creator of all things Africa(south)
God name
"Kazyoba"
Nyamwezi / Tanzania, East Africa Sun god. Regarded as the tutelary deity and creator of the tribe....
Deities name
"Ketua"
Ngbandi / Democratic Republic of Congo, central Africa God of fortune. One of seven deities invoked at daybreak. He controls both good luck and ill-fortune. According to tradition he has seven children: morning, noon, evening, night, Sun, moon and water. He accords to water the privileges of a firstborn son....
God name
"Khadir"
Pre - Islamic north African vegetation god. He wanders the earth returning to the same spot once in every 500 years and is said to have gained his immortality by drinking from the well of life. Similar in some respects to the Syrian god ADONIS and revered by Alexander the Great. Normally referred to as Al-Khidr (the green one)....
Spirit name
"Koolukoolwani"
Africa It is agreed among the Zoolus, that their forefathers believed in the existence of an overruling spirit, whom they called Villenangi [Umvelinqangi] (literally the First Appearer), and who soon after created another heavenly being of great power, called Koolukoolwani, [Unkulunkulwana,] who once visited this earth, in order to publish the news (as they express it), as also to separate the sexes and colours among mankind. Duling the period he was below, two messages were sent to him from Villenangi, the first conveyed by a cameleon, announcing that men were not to die; the second, by a lizard, with a contrary decision. The lizard, having outrun the slow-paced cameleon, arrived first, and delivered his message before the latter made his apperance. Amazulu, South Africa
God name
"Lesa"
southeastern African Creator god. The name by which the supreme deity is known across a wide area of Zambia and Zimbabwe. Equating to LISA in regions of West Africa. Also regarded as a Rain god. Probably strongly influenced by Islam and, to a lesser extent, by Christianity. Also Leza....
God name
"Lianja"
Nkundo / Democratic Republic of Congo, central Africa God. He became the subject of an epic known as Nsongo and Lianja and is regarded today less as a god than a heroic figure, probably under the influence of Christianity....
Deities name
"Libanza"
Bangala / Democratic Republic of Congo, central Africa Creator god. One of a pair of supreme deities with his sister / consort Nsongo. He lives at the bottom of the river Congo, traveling the waterways and bringing floods as punishment as well as to generate prosperity. He is regarded as being generally benevolent. Also Ibanza....
Goddess name
"Lomo"
Ngbandi / Democratic Republic of Congo, central Africa Goddess of peace. One of seven deities invoked at Sunrise each day....
Goddess name
"Mamlambo"
Zulu / Natal, South Africa River goddess. Considered to control all the rivers running through Natal. Also a patron of beer-makers, who are usually women....
Goddess name
"Mawu"
Fon / Benin, West Africa (1) moon goddess. The sister of the Sun god LISA. She is also considered to bestow fertility and motherhood and is generally benevolent in nature.(2) sky god. Ewe [Togo, West Africa]. Among the tribe neighboring the Fon. Mawu is perceived as male and a creator deity. He favors the color white and is also benevolent and generous in nature....
Spirit name
"Mbomba"
Mongo / Nkundo / Democratic Republic of Congo, central Africa Creator god. He operates through intermediaries known as bilima and through the spirits of the dead, bakali. Also known as landa, Komba, Mbombo, Njakomba and WAI. Among the Ngbandi people there is recognized a vast water monster or river god by the same name....
Goddess name
"Mbombe"
Nkundo / Democratic Republic of Congo, central Africa Mother goddess. The consort of ITONDE and mother of the hero LIANJA....
Deities name
"Mbongo"
Ngbandi / Democratic Republic of Congo, central Africa River god. One of seven deities invoked at Sunrise each morning. The creator god of all black people, said to reside in black waters....
God name
"Minga Bengale Shongon"
Africa God of hunters, also taught humans how to make nets Africa
God name
"Mkulumncandi"
Swazi / Swaziland, South Africa Creator god. There is no worship of this deity, though he is known as the “great first one.”...
God name
"Modimo"
Tswana / Botswana, South Africa Universal god. A monotheistic deity possibly, though not with certainty, influenced by Christianity. Not specifically a creator god, since the universe and MODIMO have “always been.” Perceived as the river of existence which flows endlessly through space and time. He rules the light and dark opposites in the universe, as well as the proper order of life on earth....
God name
"Moloch"
Africa Molek, either the name of a god or the name of a particular kind of sacrifice associated historically with Phoenician and related cultures in north Africa and the Levant.
God name
"Mombo Wa Ndhlopfu (elephant face)"
Ronga / Mozambique, southern Africa Tutelary god. An ancestral deity who lives in and controls the Forests, also appearing in the guise of a huge snake. He is propitiated by the sacrifice of a cockerel....
God name
"Mugasa"
Pigmy / central Africa sky god. Originally he headed a Paradise land in which the first human beings lived. They disobeyed him, however, by entering his hut where he resided unseen, after which he left them and made them mortal. He is not worshiped in any conventional sense. Also Mugu....
Goddess name
"Mujaji"
Lovedu / South Africa Rain goddess. She is said to reside in the northern Drakensberg mountains and sends both destructive tempests and gentle generative Rain. In past times she was propitiated with sacrifices of cattle and occasionally young girls. She is represented by a lineage of mortal queens on whose fabulous reputation the author Rider Haggard based the novel She. Also Modjadji....
God name
"Mulungu"
Africa A creator God of the Nyamwezi people of Tanzania in eastern Africa. Despite being the creator and protector of the world, he is distant and has little contact with anyone. It is said that he once lived on earth, but when someone set fire to the landscape he asked a spider to spin him a web to climb up into the sky, where he lives today. He is revered now as a sky god, with thunder as his voice.

"Mungu"
Africa The name of the Creator in the Swahili language. Africa
God name
"Mungu"
Swahili / East Africa Creator god. The name applied to the notion of a single god in the heavens, influenced by the spread of Christianity. Also Mulungu....
God name
"Musisi"
Ndonga / Namibia, southwest Africa Messenger god. The intercessor between the creator god KALUNGA and mankind. His father is Kalunga....

"Muso"
Africa / west Is the dark moon preceding the shinning new moon sliver in the night sky. Africa(west)
Deity name
"Na Ngutu"
West Africa Guardian deity of warriors slain in battle. west Africa
God name
"Na Ngutu"
West / central African God of the dead. Essentially the guardian deity of warriors slain in battle....
Supreme god name
"Nai"
Gan / Accra, Ghana, West Africa God of the ocean. The second-in-command to the supreme god ATAA NAA NYONGMO. His eldest daughter is the goddess ASHIAKLE....
Goddess name
"Nakiwulo"
Africa Goddess of justice Africa
Supreme god name
"Nana Buluku Fon"
Africa Supreme god Africa
God name
"Ndaula"
Bunyoro / Uganda, East Africa Plague god. Particularly associated with smallpox. His shrines are usually situated on the edge of a community and on the frontiers of the tribal land so that he may be invoked to keep the disease in neighboring territory....

"Ndjambi"
Africa A supreme being whom they call by two names: Ndjambi Karunga. He lives in heaven and is omnipresent. Hereo, West Africa
God name
"Ndjambi"
Herero / Namibia, southwest Africa sky god. A benevolent deity who protects and lifts up all who die natural deaths. The utterance of his name is generally forbidden....
God name
"Ndjambi Hereo"
SW Africa A sky god who is name is generally forbidden to be spoken
God name
"Nesu"
Fon / Benin, West Africa Tutelary god of royalty. The guardian of the tribal chiefs, his shrine, the Nese-we, is located close by royal palaces....
God name
"Ngai"
Africa The name of the High God. Kikuyu, East Africa
God name
"Ngai"
Kikuyu / Masai / East Africa Creator god. The name given to a single god in the heavens, influenced by the spread of Christianity. He is also perceived as, and may have evolved from, a weather god whose presence is symbolized by lightning....
God name
"NgaiKikuyu/ Masai"
E Africa The creator god
Deities name
"Ngu u"
Ewe / Togo, West Africa Generic title of guardian deities. The name means, approximately, the fates....
Spirit name
"Nguruhi"
Africa The all-powerful but remote supreme being and creator who controls the elements and human destiny, but leaves daily occurrences to the influence of the ancestor spirits. The Wahehe, East Africa
God name
"Niamye"
Baule / Ivory Coast, West Africa Creator god. He engendered a consort for himself and proceeded to create all other living things on earth. His anger is evidenced by lightning and thunderbolts....
God name
"Njirana"
Africa A god, father of Julana, who was alive during the Dreamtime.
Spirit name
"Nommo"
Dogon / West Africa Generic title of a group of gods. The primordial spirits at the head of whom is the creator god AMMA. They are associ ated with Rain and fertility and have imparted cer tain skills to mankind....
Spirit name
"Nommo Dogon"
Africa Primordial spirits who are associated of Rain and fertility Africa(west)
God name
"Nosenga"
Korekore / Shona / Zimbabwe, southern Africa Tribal god. He is accessible to mankind through a mortal medium or oracle known as Hore, who lives in the town of the tribal chief and is consulted only with the chief's permission. Nosenga has several human priestess consorts who are wedded to him in chastity in the fashion of Christian nuns....
Goddess name
"Nsongo"
Bangala / Democratic Republic of Congo, central Africa moon goddess. The sister and consort of the supreme Sun god LIBANZA. In the epic legend of Nsongo and Lianja she is the twin sister and consort of a deified folk-hero....
Monster name
"Nunda"
Africa Swallowing Monster and the eater of people. Kiniramba, Africa.

"Nyambe"
Africa One of Nyambe's creations was Kamunu, the first human being. Nyambe gave Kamunu the task of naming all the other creations and told the human being that all the animals were his siblings. As such he should look after them. Lozi, South West Africa

"Nyambi"
Africa In the beginning Nyambi made all things. He made animals, birds. At that time he lived on earth with his wife, Nasilele. Africa
God name
"Nyame"
Akan / southern Ghana, West Africa Creator god. An androgynous being symbolized in his male aspect by the Sun, and his female aspect by the moon. He gave mankind its soul and is the controller of destiny. He enjoys a dedicated priesthood and is worshiped in the form of a tree trunk. Also Odomankoma; Onyame; Onyanko pon; Totrobonsu....
Goddess name
"Nyamwezi"
Africa Goddess of justice Africa
Goddess name
"Nyavirezi"
Rwanda / central Africa Lion goddess. According to legend she was originally a mortal daughter of the tribal chief. While walking, she was trans formed into a lioness. Though returning to human form, she occasionally became leonine again and, in this guise, slew at least one husband who discovered her secret....
God name
"Nyesoa"
Africa The creator god of the French Ivory Coast. Africa
God name
"Nzambe"
Africa the ancient god of the Kota, Sangho
Goddess name
"Nzambi"
Africa Goddess of justice, the earth and of death. Africa
God name
"Nzambi"
Bakongo / Democratic Republic of Congo, central Africa Creator god. He created the first mor tal pair or, in alternative tradition, an androgy nous being in the guise of a palm tree called Muntu Walunga (the complete person). He also endowed this being with intelligence. In wooden sculptures the tree bears a woman's head and breast on one side and a bearded face on the other. Eventually the tree divided into two sepa rate sexes. Also Nyambi; Nzambe; Yambe; Zambi....
Deities name
"Nzapa"
Ngbandi / Democratic Republic of Congo, central Africa Creator god. One of seven deities invoked at Sunrise each morning. The progenitor of all life on earth, he also gave mankind laws and controls destiny or fate. He has four children who specifically appear in the guise of palm trees....
Goddess name
"Nze"
Ngbandi / Democratic Republic of Congo, Central Africa moon god. One of the seven children of KETUA, the god of fortune and LOMO, the goddess of peace. He is closely linked with women and fertility. At menstruation he is said to have “cut the girl” and, during pregnancy, “the moon is dark for her.”...

"Obambou"
Africa The devil of the Camma tribes of Africa. It is exorcised by noise like bees in flight.
God name
"Obatala"
Yoruba / Nigeria, West Africa Fertility god. The first deity engendered by the creator god OLODUMARE. His consort is Yemowo. Among other responsibilities, he makes barren women fertile and shapes the fetus in the womb. He is considered to be the sculptor of mankind. He is depicted wearing white robes and symbolizes cleanliness. Offerings include coconuts and maize fruits. A jar of clean water is carried by a priestess to his sanctuary each morning and the water is drunk by women to make them fertile. Also Orishanla (archaic); Orisha-Popo; Orisha-Ogiyan; Orisha-Ijaye....
God name
"Obumo"
Africa The thunderer, the principal god and great First Cause. Nigeria, Africa
Supreme god name
"Oduduwa"
Yoruba / Nigeria, West Africa Creator goddess. The consort, or alternatively the daughter, of the supreme god OLODUMARE. She is perceived as the substance, or matrix, of the earth which Olodumare impregnated to generate life. She is also a goddess of war and her sons include the great heroic Yoruba god OGUN. According to some traditions Oduduwa is also perceived as a god....
God name
"Ogun"
Nago / Edo / Yoruba / W Africa A god of iron, hunting & war
God name
"Oko (hoe)"
Yoruba / Nigeria, West Africa God of Agriculture. According to tradition he descended from heaven and lived at a farm near the town of Irao, where he attained a great age. One day he disappeared, leaving only his staff which was taken as a symbol of his presence. Annually, at the start of the Rainy season, a festival with strong fertility emphasis is held in his honor....
God name
"Olodumare"
Yoruba / Nigeria, West Africa Creator god. He engendered the god OBATALA as his deputy. The souls of the dead are expected to make confession to Olodumare. When he created the earth, he filled a snail's shell with dirt, placed inside it a hen and a pigeon and threw it down, whereupon the hen and pigeon began to scatter the earth and create land. Olodumare then sent a chameleon to report on progress. Sand was added, followed by a palm, a coconut and a kola nut tree. When these were established the god placed on earth the first sixteen humans. Also Alaaye; Elemii; Olojo Oni; Olorun; Orishanla....
God name
"Olokun"
Fon / Yoruba / Benin / Nigeria, West Africa God of fresh waters and oceans. The eldest son of the creator god OSANOBUA. He is symbolized in the sacred river Olokun, which runs almost the length of Benin and from the source of which come the souls of unborn children. A girl baby is given a shrine of the god which includes a pot of river water and which she takes with her to her new home when she marries. The god is particularly popular among women and has a cult of priestesses. Olokun is also a guardian deity of mariners....
God name
"Opo"
Akan / Ghana, West Africa God of the ocean. One of the sons of the creator god NYAME, he is also considered to be the god of the great inland lakes and rivers of Ghana....
God name
"Ori (mind)"
Yoruba / Nigeria, West Africa God of wisdom. The deity who, in heaven, guides the soul but who also acts as a personal guardian, controlling individual mental ability, so that one person becomes wise and another foolish....
God name
"Orisanla"
Yoruba / Nigeria, West Africa sky god. Delegated by OLODUMARE as a creator of earth and living things....
God name
"Orunmila"
Yoruba / Nigeria, West Africa God of destiny. He accompanied the creator god OLODUMARE at the creation of the world and when the destinies of mankind were decided. He is consulted in an oracular capacity at IFA and makes decisions on such matters as choice of sacrificial animals. He is also a god of healing and in many households enjoys personal shrines which include palm nuts, fragments of ivory and sea shells....
Goddess name
"Osun"
Yoruba / Nigeria, West Africa River goddess. The daughter of Oba Jumu and Oba Do and the consort of the god SHANGO. The guardian deity of the river Osun, revered particularly in the towns and villages along the banks of the river where sacred weapons are kept in her shrines. Also a goddess of healing. She is worshiped particularly by women and is honored in an annual festival, the Ibo-Osun, during which new cultic priestesses are selected....
Goddess name
"Oya"
West Africa Oya made the first element from which the universe exists. She is one of the three river goddesses and personificates the river Niger. West Africa
Goddess name
"Oya"
Yoruba / Nigeria, West Africa River goddess. The consort of the god SHANGO, she is the guardian deity of the river Niger. Also a goddess of storms and thunder. Her sacred animal is the buffalo and her presence is symbolized by its horns....
God name
"Pemba (great thing)"
Bambara / Mande / Mali, West Africa Creator god. He was created out of the empty or Fu and his first task was to form the egg of the world. He descended to earth as an acacia seed (Acacia albida) which first grew to a mighty tree and then died. From the wood Pemba generated human souls and a female being whom he impregnated to engender all human and animal life. His brother is the god FARO, creator of the river Niger....
God name
"Raluvimbha"
Baventa / northern Transvaal, South Africa Creator god. The tribal chief converses with the god, who is responsible for all natural phenomena from thunderstorms to floods and plagues....
God name
"Sarigo"
Yoruba / Nigeria, West Africa God of thunder. His sacred animal is the ram whose bellowing is likened to the noise of thunder. Attributes include an ax which is worn on the head and bears six eyes....
Goddess name
"Sese"
Ngbandi / Democratic Republic of Congo, central Africa Chthonic goddess. One of seven deities invoked at Sunrise each day....
God name
"Shaikpaia"
Yoruba / Nigeria, West Africa Plague god. The son of SHANGO, he is credited with having once been a god of war who invaded the country (as a disease). He is particularly identified with smallpox. His symbol is the sesame plant which takes the form of a taboo and brings disease to those who take it into their house. A festival is held in September to propitiate Shankpana with sacrifices of animals and fruit....
God name
"Shango"
Yoruba / Nigeria, West Africa Chthonic storm god. As an earth deity he was once a mortal man, the king of Oyo, who transformed himself into an immortal. According to tradition, during his life he breathed tongues of fire. He then ascended into the sky by climbing a golden chain and became the god of thunder and lightning. He is also god of justice, punishing thieves and liars. His consorts include OYA, Oshun and Oba. Cult followers of Shango are believed to be able to make lightning strike an adversary. In shrines to Shango, the image of the god is adorned with a ram's head. Also SANGO....
God name
"Soko"
Nupe / Nigeria, West Africa sky god. The name refers specifically to the dark sky at the beginning of the Rainy season which stimulates the growth of crops....
God name
"Sore-Gus"
Hottentot / Namibia, southern Africa sky god. The Sun god, embodied in the shape of a golden ram with long fluffy wool....
Supreme god name
"Tanik"
Phoenician / Pontic / Carthaginian moon goddess. Known largely from inscriptions at various sites along the North African coast and linked with the goddess ASTARTE. Her symbol is a triangular device with horizontal bars supporting a moon disc. Both deities are described as “ladies of the sanctuary.” Tanit was the supreme goddess at Carthage, known as the “face of BAAL,” until usurped by the Roman goddess JUNO; she survived under the name CAELESTIS. The goddess CERES was also worshiped in the TANIT temple at Carthage. Also Tenit....
God name
"Tar"
Tiv / Nigeria, West Africa Chthonic earth god. Engendered by the creator god AONDO, Tar is depicted as a prostrate figure with his head toward the east, comparable with the Egyptian god GEB....
Spirit name
"Toro"
Ngbandi / Democratic Republic of Congo, central Africa Creator god. He is perceived as a great serpent, the son of KANGALOGBA, who is both the spirit of the dragonfly and the symbol of the sacred river Oubangui....
God name
"Tsunigoab (wounded knee)"
Khoi / Namibia, southwestern Africa Creator god. As his name suggests, he walks with a limp. His injury was sustained in a primordial battle with his arch rival GAUNAB, the god of darkness, who was eventually driven away to live in the black heaven. Tsunigoab used to be invoked at dawn each day....

"Umlungu"
Africa The invisible supreme being of the lake Nyasi region. East Africa
God name
"Unkulunkulu"
Zulu / South Africa Creator god. The androgy nous son / daughter of UMVELINKWANGI, and the progenitor of mankind, he was born from a reed....
God name
"Vodu"
Fon / Benin, West Africa Collective name for gods. The origin of the term voodoo in the Caribbean region....
God name
"Wa"
Ntomba / Democratic Republic of Congo, central Africa Sun god. Probably originating as a god of hunters who protects and controls the animals in the Forest. He has a son, Mokele....
Deity name
"Waaq"
Africa The supreme and universal deity who the universe with opposing but complementary and interdependent forces such as night and day, young and old, in fine balance. Oromo. East Africa

"Wagadu"
Africa Mother of the Fulbe nation and the personification of physical prowess and hunting. Africa
God name
"Wamala"
Bunyoro / Uganda, East Africa God of plenty. A sanctuary has existed near the royal palace and Wamala is propitiated to give the boon of children, domestic animals and crops. He is also seen in an oracular capacity and has an official intermediary....
God name
"Were"
Africa Supreme Creator God. North West Africa
God name
"Yayu"
Ngbandi / Democratic Republic of Congo, central Africa sky god. One of seven gods invoked at daybreak....
God name
"Yemeoonji"
Mongo / Nkundo / Democratic Republic of Congo, central Africa Creator god. According to tradition, he gave the Sun god Nkombe three parcels when the people complained the world was too dark; two were brightly colored and one was a dull gray. Realizing that he was about to be tricked, Nkombe opened the gray parcel and the world was flooded with light....
Goddess name
"Yemoja"
Yoruba / Nigeria, West Africa Goddess of water. The creatrix of all the rivers in the area, particularly the river Ogun. She is chiefly worshiped by women and the sacred river water is considered a remedy for infertility. She is propitiated with animal and vegetable sacrifices. Attributes: cowrie shells....