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God Name and Meaning

List of Gods : "N Cent"   (105 records)

NameOriginDescription
Deity name
"Abracax"
Greek Also written Abraxas or Abrasax, in Persian mythology denotes the Supreme Being. In Greek notation it stands for 365. In Persian mythology Abracax presides over 365 impersonated virtues, one of which is supposed to prevail on each day of the year. In the second century the word was employed by the Basilidians for the deity; it was also the principle of the Gnostic hierarchy, and that from which sprang their numerous Æons.

"Actaeon"
Greek Son of Aristaeus and Autonoe, a daughter of Cadmus. He was trained in the art of hunting by the centaur Cheiron, and was afterwards torn to pieces by his own 50 hounds on mount Cithaeron. The names of these hounds are given by Ovid (Metamorphoses III) and Hyginus.

"Actor"
Greek Son of Aristaeus and Autonoe, a daughter of Cadmus. He was trained in the art of hunting by the centaur Cheiron, and was afterwards torn to pieces by his own 50 hounds on mount Cithaeron. The names of these hounds are given by Ovid (Metamorphoses III) and Hyginus.

"Aius Locutius"
Gallic Loquens, was a Roman numen associated with the Gallic invasions of the early 4th century. In 390 BC, the Gauls moved in the direction of Rome. According to Roman folklore, a Roman named Caedicius kept hearing a disembodied nocturnal voice at the base of the Palatine hill in the Forum Romanum. The voice warned Caedicius of the oncoming attack and recommended that the walls of Rome be fortified.
God name
"Akongo"
Ngombe / Democratic Republic of Congo, central Africa Creator god. The supreme deity considered to have given the world, and all that is in it, form and substance....
Goddess name
"Allat (goddess)"
Pre - Islamic northern / central Arabian Astral and tutelary goddess. One of the three daughters of ALLAH. At Palmyra she was regularly invoked as a domestic guardian either as Allat or ASTARTE with whom she is closely linked. At Ta'if she was symbolized in the form of a white granite stone. In Hellenic times she became syncretized with ATHENA or, according to Herodotus who called her Alilat, with APHRODITE....
Deities name
"Ame-No-Minaka-Nushi-No-Kami"
Shinto (Exalted Musubi deity), who is later related to the gods of the heaven; Kami-musubi no Kami (Sacred Musubi deity), related to the gods of the earth; and Ame no Minaka-nushi no Kami (Heavenly Centre-Ruling deity). Some Shinto scholars hold that all Shinto deities are manifestations of Ame no Minaka-nushi no Kami.
Goddess name
"Anaitis"
Persian / Iran Fertility goddess. Her influence extended through eastern Europe. In pre-Christian Armenia, the center of her cult was at Acilisena where noble families regularly surrendered their daughters to service as cultic prostitutes....
God name
"Aondo"
Africa Creator god who lives in the sky and sends the Sun each morning. Central Nigeria, West Africa
God name
"Aondo"
Tiv / central Nigeria, West Africa Creator god. An abstract principle who lives in the sky. He sends the Sun each morning, roars with the thunder which heralds his storms and is the creator of the earth....
God name
"Apedemak"
Sudanese / Meroe war god. An Egyptianized deity, his main sanctuary was contained in a vast religious complex and center of pilgrimage at Musawwarat-es-Sufra, north of the sixth Nile cataract. Sacred animals include cattle and the African elephant. Depicted with the head of a lion and a human body, holding a scepter embellished with a seated lion at the tip....
Goddess name
"Armkis [Greek]"
Egypt / Upper Birth goddess. Minor deity with cult centers in lower Nubia and at Elephantine. She is variously the daughter of RE, and of KHNUM and SATIS. Anukis lives in the cataracts of the Lower Nile. Her portrait appears in the Temple of Rameses II at Beit-et-Wali where she suckles the pharaoh, suggesting that she is connected with birth and midwifery, but she also demonstrates a malignant aspect as a strangler (see HATHOR). Her sacred animal is the gazelle. Depicted anthropomorphically wearing a turban (modius) with ostrich feathers. Also Anuket (Egyptian)....
Goddess name
"Atars'amain (morning star of heaven)"
Pre - Islamic northern / central Arabian Astral deity of uncertain gender. Worshiped particularly by the Is”amme tribe, but revered widely among other Arabs. Known from circa 800 BC and identified in letters of the Assyrian kings Es”arhaddon and Assurbanipal. May be synonymous with the Arab goddess ALLAT whose cult was centered on Palmyra....
Goddess name
"BAAL (lord)"
Western Semitic / Canaanite / northern Israel, Lebanon / later Egypt vegetation deity and national god. Baal may have originated in pre-agricultural times as god of storms and Rain. He is the son of DAGAN and in turn is the father of seven storm gods, the Baalim of the Vetus Testamentum, and seven midwife goddesses, the SASURATUM. He is considered to have been worshiped from at least the nineteenth century BC. Later he became a vegetation god concerned with fertility of the land. From the mid-sixteenth century BC in the Egyptian New kingdom, Baal enjoyed a significant cult following, but the legend of his demise and restoration was never equated with that of OSIRIS. In the Greco-Roman period, Baal became assimilated in the Palestine region with ZEUS and JUPITER, but as a Punic deity [Carthage] he was allied with SATURNUS, the god of seed-sowing....
Deities name
"Baa! Samin (lord of heaven)"
Western Semitic / Phoenician Head of the pantheon. Probably originated in Canaanite culture as a god of Rain and vegetation, but became extensively revered in places as far apart as Cyprus and Carthage. Epithets include “bearer of thunder.” Baal Samin is first mentioned in a fourteenth century BC treaty between the Hittite king Suppiluliuma and Nigmadu II of Ugarit. He had a major sanctuary at Byblos, according to inscription, “built by Yehemilk.” Josephus confirms that his cult existed at the time of Solomon. At Karatepe his name appears at the head of a list of national deities and on Seleucid coinage he is depicted wearing a half-moon crown and carrying a radiate Sun disc. Other epithets include “lord of eternity” and he may also have been god of storms at sea, a patron deity of mariners. By Hellenic times he equated with ZEUS in the Greek pantheon and the Romans identified him as Caelus (sky). Also Baal-Samem....

"Bap or Baphomet"
French An imaginary idol or symbol, which the Templars were said to employ in their mysterious rites. The word is a corruption of Mahomet. The image of Baphomet was romanticized during the nineteenth century by the German antiquarian Josef von Hammer-Purgstall.
Goddess name
"Bariebdjedet"
Egypt / Lower Ram god. Possibly concerned with arbitration, his consort is the fish goddess HATMEHYT. He is the father of HARPOKRATES. According to tradition (Chester Beatty I papyrus) he was called upon to intercede in the contest for the Egyptian kingdoms between HORUS and SETH. He is placed in some accounts in Upper Egypt on the island of Seheil at the first Nile cataract, but his cult is centered on Mendes in the Delta region of Lower Egypt [Tell et-Ruba] and is closely linked with the mother of Rameses III. He is generally depicted in anthropomorphic form, but with the head of a ram....
God name
"Bariga"
Ngbandi / northern Democratic Republic of Congo / Central African Republic God of clear waters. One of seven gods invoked at daybreak, the creator deity of white-skinned people....
Goddess name
"Bat"
Egypt / Upper cow goddess of fertility. She was probably well known in the Old kingdom (circa 2700 BC onward). Associated principally with Upper Egypt, for a while she may have rivaled Hathor in Lower Egypt but by the time of the New kingdom (sixteenth century BC) her influence had waned. She may be represented on the Narmer Palette (Cairo Museum) which com memorates the unification of the two kingdoms. Bat is only rarely found in large sculptures and paintings, but is often the subject of Egyptian period jewelry, including amulets and ritual sistrum rattles. Depicted as a cow or anthropo morphically with bovine ears and horns. Also Bata....
Goddess name
"Bellona"
Roman Mother goddess and goddess of war. She becomes syncretized with the Cappadocian mother goddess MA. The first known temple dedicated to Ma-Bellona by the Romans is dated to 296 BC. Bellona was attended by Asiatic priests who performed frenzied dances and gashed themselves with swords, offering the blood on the goddess's altars. Because of its violent nature, Rome refused officially to recognize the cult until the third century AD....
Hero name
"Bensozia"
Greek chief deviless of a certain Sabbatic meeting held in France in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries. The Diana of the Ancient Gauls, and was also called Nocticula, Herodias, and "The moon."
God name
"Bethel"
Western Semitic / Phoenician Local tutelary god. Probably of Aramaean or Syrian origin. First mentioned in a fourteenth century treaty between the Hittite king Suppiluliuma and Nigmadu II of Ugarit [Ras Samra]. He appears more regularly on inscriptions from the end of the seventh century BC and enjoyed considerable popularity during the neo-Babylonian period. Bethel is mentioned in the Biblical text of Jeremiah 48.13, implying that some Israelites acknowledged this deity. There is no evidence of links with the historical place names, including that mentioned in Genesis 38.13....
Spirit name
"Bhagavan (the lord)"
Northern / central Indian Tutelary god. Worshiped by the Bhils and other tribes as the original creator spirit and a judge of the dead soul. Also an epithet of VISNU and KRSNA. Also Bhagwan....
God name
"Bhagavan India"
N Cent A tutelary god
Goddess name
"Bharat Mata (Mother India)"
Modern Hindu Mother goddess. Evolved from the writings of the nineteenth century Bengali, Bankim Chandra Chatterjee. Shrines are designed in the form of a map of India....
Spirit name
"CERNUNNOS"
Celtic, Gallic Fertility and chthonic god. Cernunnos appears to have been recognized in the region of Gaul which is now central France. He is typically drawn as a man bearing the antlers of a stag, not necessarily representing an animal spirit but a deity closely involved with animals and one which can transform instantly into animal shape. In the Celtic world, horns and antlers were generally regarded as symbols of virility and fertility....
Goddess name
"Caelestis"
Carthaginian / North Africa moon goddess. The Romanized form of the Punic goddess TANIT. Elsewhere she became syncretized into the cult of APHRODITE-VENUS. Annual games were held in her honor. She was brought to Rome in the form of an abstract block of stone (like that of KYBELE from Pessinus) and became popular there during the early part of the third century AD; in this guise she was known as the “mighty protectress of the Tarpeian hill.”...
Goddess name
"Centeotl"
Aztec Maize god. Another name for Centeocihuatl, goddess of the maize. Aztec
Demon name
"Chung K'uei"
Taoist / Chinese God of the afterlife. He belongs to the heavenly “ministry of exorcism” and, though not the most senior (he is subservient to CHANG TAO LING), is probably the most popular within the category. He was originally a mortal working as a physician in the eighth century AD. He is depicted with a fearsome face, said to be so terrible that it can drive away any demonic spirit who dares to oppose him. He is engaged in combat using a sword and a fan on which is written a magical formula to ward off evil. Symbolic peaches are suspended from his hat and a bat circles his head representing happiness....
God name
"Dagan (1)"
Mesopotamian / Babylonian - Akkadian Grain and fertility god. Generally linked with ANU in giving status to cities e.g. the dedications by the ninth-century BC Assyrian king Assur-nasir-apli at Kalakh. Cult centers existed at Tuttul and Terqa....
Goddess name
"Devi (the goddess)"
Hindu / Epic / Puranic Goddess epitomizing the active female principle. Devi evolved as a major goddess out of the older notion of mother and vegetation goddesses. She is seen more as an abstract principle who will nevertheless respond directly to worshipers' prayers. By the fifth century AD she appears in many forms as the active (feminine) aspect or power of male deities. General attributes: conch, hook, noose, prayer wheel and trident. Devi is also the generic name given to a female deity, in her capacity as the consort of a god or DEVA.See also SRI(DEVI), BHUMIDEVI....
God name
"Ebisu"
Shinto / Japan God of luck. The most popular of seven gods of fortune recognized in Shintoism and frequently linked with the god DAIKOKU. He is depicted as a fat, smiling and bearded fisherman holding a fishing rod in one hand and a sea bream in the other. The name does not appear in the classical sacred texts Nibongi and Kojiki, but Ebisu is known to have been worshiped in ancient times among fishermen. From about the sixteenth century his character changed and he became a deity associated with profit. Thus he is a patron of commerce and his picture hangs in most establishments. He is perhaps syncretized with the gods HIRUKO and KOTO-SHIRO-NUSHI. He may also be identified with Fudo, the god of knowledge. He does not join the rest of the Shinto pantheon in the great October festival at Izumo because he is deaf. His festival is celebrated concurrently in his own temple....
Deities name
"Ennead"
Egypt / Lower The Heliopolis pantheon. The nine major deities enumerated and given their genealogy by the priesthood of Heliopolis, the center of the Sun-worshiping cult in Lower Egypt. Comprising the Sun god ATUM (or Atum-Re) and his offspring, S U, TEFNUT, GEB, NUT, OSIRIS, ISIS, SETH and NEPHTHYS. Other Egyptian cult centers possessed similar pantheons though not necessarily including the same list of deities. Thus, for example, the god PTAH presided at Thebes....
God name
"Erra"
Mesopotamian / Babylonian Akkadian God of war. Known chiefly from the Erra Epic, circa 1000 BC, he is also the god of raids, riots and scorched earth. Closely identified with the god NERGAL, his cult center is Emeslam in the city of Kutha (lost). In Babylonian times he is identified as a plague god....
Goddess name
"Eurynome"
Greek Sea goddess. The daughter of Nisos and mother of the Graces. Also the mother of Bellepheron, fathered by POSEIDON, though she is accounted as the consort of GLAUKOS. Little else is known, but her cult center was apparently at Phigaleia (Arcadia)....

"Ginnunga-ga"
Norse The great yawning gap, the premundane abyss, the chaos or formless void, in which dwelt the supreme powers before the creation. In the eleventh century the sea between Greenland and Vinland (America) was called Ginnunga-gap. Norse
King name
"Gorgophone"
Greek A daughter of Perseus and Andromeda. Her name means "Gorgon Slayer", a tribute to her father who killed Medusa, the mortal Gorgon. Gorgophone is a central figure in the history of Sparta, having been married to two kings, Oebalus of Sparta (actually Lakonia, Sparta's region) and Perieres of Messenia, the region to the west of Lakonia which Sparta, in the late 8th or early 7th century B.C. enslaved. Greek
Goddess name
"Gunabibi"
Australian aboriginal Creator goddess. Also known as Kunapipi, she is extensively revered by aborigines in northern Australia, including the Yolngu people. Her cult bears some similarity to that of the Greek mother goddess DEMETER and to Tantric cults in India. For this reason the cult is thought to have been introduced from Asia to Arnhem Land and then to other parts of the Australian continent as early as the sixth century. Mythology indicates that Gunabibi has been perceived as a deity who came from the sea or the rivers during the Dreamtime but who reigns now over dry land. Among modern aborigines she is the subject of esoteric rituals which also involve the great serpent Yulunggul with whom Gunabibi has been closely involved....
God name
"Hachiman"
Shinto / Japan God of war and peace. A deity whose origins are confused. The name does not appear in either of the sacred texts of Shintoism, but such a deity was probably worshiped in the distant past with the alternative title of HimeGami or Hime-O-Kami. The cult center was on the southern island of Kyushu at Usa. In modern Shintoism, Hachiman originates as a member of the imperial dynasty. Named Ojin-Tenno and born in AD 200 to the empress Jingu-Kogo, he greatly improved the living standards and culture of Japan during his remarkable reign. The place of his birth was marked by a sanctuary and several centuries after his death, a vision of a child KAMI appeared there to a priest. The kami identified himself by the Chinese ideogram representing the name Hachiman, and thus the link developed. The site is, today, the location of a magnificent shrine, the Umi-Hachiman-Gu, where Hachiman has been perceived as a god of war. Soldiers departing for battle once took with them relics from the shrine. Hachiman is also a deity of peace and a guardian of human life and, when pacifism dominated Japan during the post-war era, he became more strongly identified in the latter context....
Goddess name
"Hadad"
Western Semitic / Syrian / Phoenician weather god. Derived from the Akkadian deity ADAD. In texts found at the site of the ancient Canaanite capital of Ugarit [Ras Samra] , the name of Hadad apparently becomes a substitute for that of BAAL. His voice is described as roaring from the clouds and his weapon is the thunderbolt. His mother is the goddess ASERAH. During Hellenic times he was predominantly worshiped at Ptolemais and Hierapolis. His Syrian consort is ATARGATIS, who overshadowed him in local popularity at Hierapolis. Statues of the two deities were carried in procession to the sea twice yearly. According to the Jewish writer Josephus, Hadad also enjoyed a major cult following at Damascus in the eighth and ninth centuries BC. By the third century BC the Hadad-Atargatis cult had extended to Egypt, when he becomes identified as the god SUTEKH. In the Greek tradition his consort becomes HERA.See also ADAD....
Goddess name
"Hatmehyt (she who leads the fishes)"
Egypt Fertility and guardian goddess of fish and fishermen. Local deity whose cult center was at Mendes [Tell el-Ruba] in the Nile delta. She is the consort of the ram god BANEBDJEDET. Depicted anthropomorphically, or as a fish....
King name
"Huitzilopochtli"
Aztec The Divine leader who rescued an ancestral people from his devastated island kingdom in the Atlantic Ocean, Aztlan. Arriving in the Valley of Mexico, they built a new capital to commemorate their lost city, when Tenochtitlan was constructed on a rocky island at the center of a man-made lake. Aztec
Spirit name
"Itonde"
Mongo / Nkundo / central Democratic Republic of Congo, Africa God of death. He consumes rats as food and is also the god of hunters in the dark jungle Forests. Described in the Epic of Lianja as the first man to die whose spirit reincarnated at the instant of death, into his son LIANJA. He possesses a bell with magical properties, the elefo, by which he predicts where death will strike....
God name
"Jakomba"
Bangala / Democratic Republic of Congo, central Africa God of morality. Also known as the god of hearts, he controls human thought. Also Nzakomba....
Deities name
"Ketua"
Ngbandi / Democratic Republic of Congo, central Africa God of fortune. One of seven deities invoked at daybreak. He controls both good luck and ill-fortune. According to tradition he has seven children: morning, noon, evening, night, Sun, moon and water. He accords to water the privileges of a firstborn son....
Goddess name
"Khandsba"
Hindu / late Form of the god SI IVA. Khandoba is believed to have emerged as a deity with a distinct cultic following no earlier than the thirteenth or fourteenth century, mainly in western India and centered on Jejuri, near Poona. The god is generally regarded as one of several martial forms which SI iva took to combat demons. His consort is the goddess MHALSA, considered to be a form of PARVATI. He is depicted bearing four arms and is usually mounted on a horse, but may also be accompanied by a dog. Attributes: bowl, drum, sword and trident. Also Makhari; Mallari; Martland....
Goddess name
"Khons(u) (wanderer)"
Egypt / Upper moon god. Recognized from at least 2500 BC but best known during the New kingdom (mid-sixteenth century BC). A significant deity at Thebes, where he is described as an offspring of AMUN and MUT. His sacred animal is the baboon. There is a Khonsu precinct as part of the Temple of Amun in the Karnak complex. From the Greco-Roman period there exists a sanctuary of Kom-ombo where Khonsu is seen as the offspring of the crocodile god SOBEK and the mother goddess HATHOR. Depicted anthropomorphically or with a falcon's head, but in either case enveloped in a close-fitting robe. He wears a crown consisting of a crescent moon subtending a full moon orb....
God name
"Lianja"
Nkundo / Democratic Republic of Congo, central Africa God. He became the subject of an epic known as Nsongo and Lianja and is regarded today less as a god than a heroic figure, probably under the influence of Christianity....
Deities name
"Libanza"
Bangala / Democratic Republic of Congo, central Africa Creator god. One of a pair of supreme deities with his sister / consort Nsongo. He lives at the bottom of the river Congo, traveling the waterways and bringing floods as punishment as well as to generate prosperity. He is regarded as being generally benevolent. Also Ibanza....
God name
"Libertas"
Roman Minor god(dess). deity of constitutional government and the notion of freedom, known particularly from the second century BC. Attributes include the scepter, lance and a special hat, the pileus, which emancipated slaves were permitted to wear as a sign of their liberation....
Goddess name
"Lomo"
Ngbandi / Democratic Republic of Congo, central Africa Goddess of peace. One of seven deities invoked at Sunrise each day....
Goddess name
"Macha"
Celtic / Irish Fertility goddess. One of the aspects of the MORRIGAN (a trio of warrior goddesses with strong sexual connotations), she appears as the consort of Nemed and of Crunnchu. She is also a warrior goddess who influences the outcome of battle by magical devices. She can change shape from girl to hag and is generally dressed in red. She is depicted with red hair. She appears thus to the Irish hero, Cu Chulainn, before the Battle of Moytura when she suddenly changes herself into a crow, the harbinger of death. heads of slaughtered soldiers were fixed on the so-called Pole of Macha, and the ancient religious center of Emain Macha in Ulster is named after her.See also Banbha, ERIU and Fodla....
Goddess name
"Mahapratisara (great protectress)"
Buddhist Guardian goddess. One of a group of five MAHARAKSAS (protectresses) who are thought to be personifications of amulets or mantras. A guardian of the central or southern direction. Also an emanation of the DHYANIBUDDHA RATNASAMBHAVA. Color: yellow. Attributes: arrow, ax, banner, bow, conch, image of Ratnasambhava on crown, jewel, noose, parasol, prayer wheel, reliquary, sword, staff and trident. Three-headed and three-eyed....
Goddess name
"Mahisasuramardini (slayer of the buffalo demon)"
Hindu / Puranic Form of the goddess DEVI. Appearing from the fourth century AD onward, this goddess is a DURGA form of Devi. She possesses up to twelve arms holding an assortment of weapons and may be seated on a lion. According to legend, the form arose in response to the threat from the demonic MAHISA who was eventually slain by the goddess Devi with his own sword. Attributes: ax, banner, bell, bow, club, conch, drum, hook, lizard, mirror, noose, prayer wheel, shield, sword, staff and trident. Three-eyed....
God name
"Marnas"
Pre - Islamic northern Arabian Local tutelary god. Probably regarded as a fertility deity, his cult was centered at Gaza at the Marneion sanctuary and probably succeeded that of Dagon. He may have been the subject of a colossal statue attributed to ZEUS found near Gaza.See also DAGAN....
Supreme god name
"Mayin"
Tungus / eastern / central Siberia Supreme god. A benevolent but remote deity who breathes life into newborn children and receives the spirits of the dead....
Spirit name
"Mbomba"
Mongo / Nkundo / Democratic Republic of Congo, central Africa Creator god. He operates through intermediaries known as bilima and through the spirits of the dead, bakali. Also known as landa, Komba, Mbombo, Njakomba and WAI. Among the Ngbandi people there is recognized a vast water monster or river god by the same name....
Goddess name
"Mbombe"
Nkundo / Democratic Republic of Congo, central Africa Mother goddess. The consort of ITONDE and mother of the hero LIANJA....
Deities name
"Mbongo"
Ngbandi / Democratic Republic of Congo, central Africa River god. One of seven deities invoked at Sunrise each morning. The creator god of all black people, said to reside in black waters....
Nymph name
"Melia"
Greek A nymph, a daughter of Oceanus and Tethys, became by Inachus the mother of Phoroneus and Aegialeus or Pegeus. (Apollodorus. ii) By Seilenus she became the mother of the centaur, Pholus (Apollodorus. ii), and by Poseidon of Amycus. Greek
God name
"Milkastart"
Western Semitic Local tutelary god. Known only from Umm el-Ammed where his cult apparently co-existed with that of BAAL SAPON. One of two major temples built at Umm el-Ammed in the third century BC was probably dedicated to milkASTART, and the name is regarded as a syncretization of MELQART and ASTARTE....
God name
"Mugasa"
Pigmy / central Africa sky god. Originally he headed a Paradise land in which the first human beings lived. They disobeyed him, however, by entering his hut where he resided unseen, after which he left them and made them mortal. He is not worshiped in any conventional sense. Also Mugu....
God name
"Murcury"
Greek The name Mercury is connected with the root merx (merchandise) and mercari (to deal, trade). The early Romans, being above all countrymen, had no need for a god of commerce. The Roman Mercury appeared only about the fifth century BCE. and was exclusively the god of merchants. For long he was known only in this capacity so that Plautus, in his prologue to Amphitryon, reminds his audience that Mercury presided over messages and commerce. Like certain other minor divinities - Pecunia, Aesculanus, Argentinus - he watched over tradesmen's profits. Greek
God name
"Na Ngutu"
West / central African God of the dead. Essentially the guardian deity of warriors slain in battle....
God name
"Nabu"
Mesopotamian / Babylonian - Akkadian God of writing and wisdom. The son of MARDUX and ZARPANITU(M), his consort is TASMETU(M). He is symbolized by the inscribing stylus. A major deity in neo-Babylonian times from the eighth century BC onward, with an important sanctuary at Borsippa, near Babylon, known as the Ezida. He is considered a god of mountain regions, described as the “firstborn son of Marduk” and his image is closely involved in the New Year akitu festival. Also NEBO (Vetus Testamentum)....
Goddess name
"Nans”e"
Mesopotamian / Sumerian Goddess of justice. A daughter of ENKI (or EA), she is linked with the interpretation of dreams. Mentioned sporadically in texts and most closely identified with the city of Lagas with a cult center at Sirara, but also the subject of a highly ethical hymn from Nippur. Also Nas, Nina....
Goddess name
"Nappinnai"
Hindu - Dravidian / Tamil Local goddess. Consort of KRSNA. Mentioned in the Vaisnavite and Saivite literature, the Krsna-Nappinnai cult was prominent in Tamil-speaking areas of southern India in the seventh to ninth centuries. According to tradition Krsna wed Nappinnai after a bullbaiting contest during which he took on and defeated seven bulls. Nappinnai may be a localized form of Sri-Laksmi. Also Pinnai....
Goddess name
"Neharennia"
Roman / Celtic Goddess of seafarers. Worshiped extensively between the second and thirteenth centuries AD, particularly in the Netherlands with sanctuaries at Domberg at the mouth of the Rhine and Colijnsplaat on the Scheldt. Probably began as a tribal deity of the Morini tribe. She is generally depicted with the attributes of fertility—a basket of fruit or cornucopia. She may also often have a small lapdog. Alternatively, she stands with one foot on the prow of a boat and grasps an oar or the rope....
Goddess name
"Nemesis"
Greco - Roman Goddess of justice and revenge. The dreaded deity who, with the Furies, is responsible for transporting the souls of the guilty to Tartarus. She is also described as the deification of indignation. Her presence may be symbolized by the fabulous winged griffon. Her cult was predominantly at Rhamnus (Attica), where a magnificent temple was built in her honor in the fifth century BC, and in Smyrna. She also had a temple at Iconium in Asia Minor. According to legend, ZEUS raped her and she bore HELEN in consequence. In certain respects she provides a parallel with the goddess ERINYS. Her cult became one of morality....
God name
"Nong"
Kafir / Afghanistan God of Winter and cold weather. Nong lives in a glacier. He cracks the ice and is seen in the melt water. He is perceived as a misogynist and depicted in a wooden effigy, though whether in human form is unclear. His cult center seems to have been the village of Zumu in the southern Hindukush. Also Zuzum....
Goddess name
"Nsongo"
Bangala / Democratic Republic of Congo, central Africa moon goddess. The sister and consort of the supreme Sun god LIBANZA. In the epic legend of Nsongo and Lianja she is the twin sister and consort of a deified folk-hero....
Goddess name
"Nyavirezi"
Rwanda / central Africa Lion goddess. According to legend she was originally a mortal daughter of the tribal chief. While walking, she was trans formed into a lioness. Though returning to human form, she occasionally became leonine again and, in this guise, slew at least one husband who discovered her secret....
God name
"Nzambi"
Bakongo / Democratic Republic of Congo, central Africa Creator god. He created the first mor tal pair or, in alternative tradition, an androgy nous being in the guise of a palm tree called Muntu Walunga (the complete person). He also endowed this being with intelligence. In wooden sculptures the tree bears a woman's head and breast on one side and a bearded face on the other. Eventually the tree divided into two sepa rate sexes. Also Nyambi; Nzambe; Yambe; Zambi....
Deities name
"Nzapa"
Ngbandi / Democratic Republic of Congo, central Africa Creator god. One of seven deities invoked at Sunrise each morning. The progenitor of all life on earth, he also gave mankind laws and controls destiny or fate. He has four children who specifically appear in the guise of palm trees....
Goddess name
"Nze"
Ngbandi / Democratic Republic of Congo, Central Africa moon god. One of the seven children of KETUA, the god of fortune and LOMO, the goddess of peace. He is closely linked with women and fertility. At menstruation he is said to have “cut the girl” and, during pregnancy, “the moon is dark for her.”...

"Odites"
Greek The name of two mythical beings, one a centaur, and the other an Ethiopian, who was slain by Clymenus at the wedding of Perseus. Greek
Monster name
"Ogres"
Europe Of nursery mythology are giants of very malignant dispositions, who live on human flesh. It is an Eastern invention, and the word is derived from the Ogurs, a desperately savage horde of Asia, who overran part of Europe in the fifth century. Others derived it from Orcus, the ugly, cruel man-eating monster so familiar to readers of Bojardo and Ariosto. The female is Ogress.
Goddess name
"Onuris [Greek]"
Egypt God of hunting and war. Onuris is first known from This, near Abydos in Upper Egypt. In later times his main cult center was at Samannud in the Nile delta. His consort is the lion goddess Mekhit. Onuris is generally depicted in human form as a bearded figure wearing a crown with four plumes and wielding a spear or occasionally holding a rope. He is sometimes accompanied by Mekhit in iconography. Seen as a hunter who caught and slew the enemies of RE, the Egyptian Sun god, some legends place him close to the battle between HORUS and SETH. In classical times, Onuris became largely syncretized with the Greek war god ARES. Also Anhuret (Egyptian)....
Goddess name
"Pidari (snake-catcher)"
Hindu / Puranic / later One of the consorts of S IVA. A benevolent NAVASAKTI. The cult of Pidari probably evolved in the sixth and seventh centuries AD and is generally restricted to southern India. She is considered an aspect of the goddess KALI and is invoked in many villages to ward off evil and demons. She has most of the attributes of Kali and may also have snakes around her breasts, but may additionally be represented by a stone. Her cult moved at one time and reached a climax in eastern India between the eighth and twelfth centuries. Attributes: cup, fire, noose and trident. Also Pitali; Kala-Pidari....
God name
"Priapos"
Greco - Roman / Phrygian Fertility god. The son of DIONYSOS and APHRODITE, he was also a guardian of mariners. Priapos was not regarded as a significant deity in Greece until very late times—during the Macedonian period, circa fourth to second century BC—and was only locally popular during the Roman Empire period. He is particularly known from Phrygia and is depicted as a satyr-like creature with pronounced genitals....
Demon name
"Rama (pleasing)"
Hindu / Epic / Puranic Incarnation of the god VIS NU. The seventh avatara (sun aspect) of Vis nu. Rama began as a comparatively minor incarnation who became one of the great heroes of the Ramayana epic, as well as featuring in the Mahabharata. The son of Dasaratha and Kausalya, he was a king of Ayodhya who, in the Ramayana, slew the demon Ravana that had captured his consort SITA and was upheld as a deity par excellence in respect of manhood and honor, though his subsequent treatment of his wife might be regarded as cavalier (see Sita). The Ramayana epic was composed by the poet and sage Valmeeki during the reign of Ramachandra and it gave form to a story that had been in existence for many centuries as an oral tradition. Valmeeki portrayed Rama not as an incarnate deity but as a great mortal hero. The saga is strongly political and serves to unite a vast and fragmented people in a common focus, irrespective of caste and language. It defines the historical schism between the Hindu culture of India and the largely Buddhist tradition of Sri Lanka. Rama rides in a chariot and is depicted in human form with two arms, typically holding a sugar cane bow and with a quiver at his shoulder. Also Ramacandra....
God name
"Res”ep (A) Mukal"
Western Semitic / Canaanite / Phoenician / , originating in Syria war and plague god. Introduced into Egypt by the XVIII Dynasty during the sixteenth century BC and rapidly achieved some prominence. His wife is Itum and he was also known as Res ep-Amukal and Res epSulman. Res ep is probably modeled on the Mesopotamian NERGAL. He is depicted as a youthful, warlike god, often with a gazelle's head springing from his forehead, and with a spear in his right hand. In Egyptian iconography he is depicted wearing the crown of Upper Egypt surmounted in front by the head of a gazelle. He has links with the Theban war god MONTU and was thought of as a guardian deity in battle by many Egyptian pharaohs; he is said to have shot firebrands with a bow and arrow. He also exerted a benign influence against disease. The influence of Res ep extended to Cyprus during the preHellenic period and at the time of Hellenization he was allied to and perhaps syncretized with APOLLO. Also Ras ap, Res ef....
God name
"Salm of Mahram (image of Mahram)"
Pre - Islamic northern Arabian Local tutelary god. Correspondence of the Babylonian king Nabonidus (559-539 BC) mentions that this deity was worshiped at Taima, an important trade and religious center where he was head of the pantheon. Gods in the region were often named after local places and personified by a stone stele carved with schematic anthropomorphic features and a winged disc showing strong Egyptian influence. Also Salman....
God name
"Sama"
Dravidian / Tamil / southern India Obscure heroic god. Known circa first to fifth century AD. The younger brother of the god of love KAMA and equating to SAMBA, worshiped in northern India....
Goddess name
"Sese"
Ngbandi / Democratic Republic of Congo, central Africa Chthonic goddess. One of seven deities invoked at Sunrise each day....
God name
"Sin"
Mesopotamian / BabylonianAkkadian moon god. Derived from the older Sumerian model of NANNA. His consort is NIKKAL (NINGAL). He is symbolized by the new moon and perceived as a bull whose horns are the crescent of the moon. Cult centers are identified at Ur, Harran and Neirab. Also Suen (archaic)....
God name
"Sirao"
Indonesia The high god of the north and central Nias Island. Indonesia
Nymph name
"Stilbe"
Greek A nymph of the spring, well or fountain of the town of the Lapithai in Thessalia and a daughter of Peneius and Creusa. She became by Apollo the mother of Lapithus and Centaurus. (Argonautica) Greek
God name
"Tatenen (exalted earth)"
Egypt Chthonic god. Originates as a vegetation god from Memphis, the apotheosis of the Nile silt which appears after the inundation has subsided. As a vegetation god, he is depicted anthropomorphically with green face and limbs and wearing a crown with plumes subtended by ram's horns. By the time of the Old kingdom (twenty-seventh to twenty-second centuries BC) he is recognized as an emanation of the god PTAH, involved in the creation process and mentioned on the Shabaka Stone (Memphis), where he is described as “father of the gods” and is perceived as an androgynous being. He also protects the royal dead....
Goddess name
"Themis"
Greco - Roman Goddess of justice and order. A daughter of the sky god OURANOS and earth mother GAIA, though not classed as one of the Titans. A consort of ZEUS and the mother of the Horae and Moires. She is the impartial deity who sits blindfolded in Hades and judges the souls of the dead to determine whether they will pass to the Elysian fields or to the fires of Tartarus. Attended by three lesser judgment deities, AEACOS, MINOS and RHADAMANTHOS. The guilty are handed over to the Furies—the Dirae, Erinyes or Eumenides. At Rhamnus in Attica, Themis was accorded a sanctuary built in the sixth century BC beside which that of NEMESIS, goddess of indignation, was built in the fifth century....

"Thessaly"
Greek Is one of the 13 peripheries of Greece, and is further sub-divided into 4 prefectures. The capital of the periphery is Larissa. The prefecture lies in central Greece and borders Macedonia on the north, Epirus on the west, Sterea Hellas or Central Greece on the south and the Aegean Sea on the east. Greek
Goddess name
"Thetis"
Greek Goddess of rivers and oceans. One of the daughters of NEREUS, Thetis takes responsibility, with OKEANOS, for the oceans and rivers. She is among the lesser known deities; according to mythology she is a mermaid, but she is particularly significant as the mother of Achilles by an unnamed mortal. According to legend she attempted to render him immortal by immersing him in the waters of the Styx. She failed because the heel by which she held him had remained dry. His education she entrusted to the centaur Chiron. She was surrounded by attendant sea creatures known as Nereids and after Achilles's death she returned to the ocean depths....
Spirit name
"Toro"
Ngbandi / Democratic Republic of Congo, central Africa Creator god. He is perceived as a great serpent, the son of KANGALOGBA, who is both the spirit of the dragonfly and the symbol of the sacred river Oubangui....
Spirit name
"URU'N AJY TOYO'N (white creator lord)"
ORIGIN Yakut / central Siberia Creator spirit. A creator being said to live in the zenith of the upper world, and also “in the northeast,” superintending the ICCI (masters or owners). He may also personify the Sun. He tends to act for good and horses were sacrificed to him. Generally addressed by a beneficent or white shaman (ajy ayuna).See also ULU'TUYAR ULU TOYO'N....
Spirit name
"Uslo"
Yakut / central Siberia spirit of mountains. One of the guardians of the natural world answering to the mountain owner XAYA ICCITA....

"Vaikuntha"
Hindu / Puranic Aspect of VISNU. Vis'nu is depicted under this title residing in his own heaven, known as Vaikuntha. He is seen with four heads in an attribute known as caturmukha, where the central head is human, that to the left is Sakti, to the right NARASINHA, and facing behind, VARAHA. As such Vis'nu's vehicle is either the mythical bird, GARUDA, or he reposes on the serpent ANANTA (SESA). The aspect may also be known as Trailokyamohana....

"Vainamoinen"
Finnish The central character in the Finnish folklore and the main character in the national epic Kalevala. He was described as an old and wise man, and he possessed a potent, magical voice.
God name
"Vindhya"
Hindu mountain god. Personification of the hills forming the northern edge of the Deccan area of central India....
God name
"Vitthali"
Hindu / Epic / Puranic God. A lesser known incarnation of the god VISNU (or KRSNA). The cult of Vitthali is centered mainly on Panharpur, near Bombay, where he is the object of devotion by the Varkari sect. Generally depicted standing on a brick, wearing a fez-like hat and with hands on hips. Also Vithoba; Panduranga....
God name
"Wa"
Ntomba / Democratic Republic of Congo, central Africa Sun god. Probably originating as a god of hunters who protects and controls the animals in the Forest. He has a son, Mokele....
Goddess name
"Wadjet"
Egypt Goddess of royal authority. Wadjet takes the form of a fire-breathing cobra and, as the uraeus symbol worn on the headdress of the ruler, she epitomizes the power of sovereignty. She is a goddess of Lower Egypt equating to NEKHBET in Upper Egypt, with her main cult center at Buto (Tell el-Farain) in the Nile delta. She forms an integral part of the symbolism of the Sun god RE, coiling around the Sun disc to symbolize Re's powers of destruction. According to mythology, she created the papyrus swamps of the delta. She is described as a wet nurse to the god HORUS and is the mother of the god of the primeval lotus blossom, NEFERTUM....
God name
"Yayu"
Ngbandi / Democratic Republic of Congo, central Africa sky god. One of seven gods invoked at daybreak....
God name
"Yemeoonji"
Mongo / Nkundo / Democratic Republic of Congo, central Africa Creator god. According to tradition, he gave the Sun god Nkombe three parcels when the people complained the world was too dark; two were brightly colored and one was a dull gray. Realizing that he was about to be tricked, Nkombe opened the gray parcel and the world was flooded with light....

"Ygdrasil"
Norse The "World Tree", a gigantic ash tree, thought to connect all the nine worlds of Norse cosmology. Sometimes it is called Mimamei?r or Lera?. According mythology, Asgard, Alfheim and Vanaheim rest on the branches of Yggdrasil. The trunk is the world-axis piercing through the center of Mi?gar?r (often called Midgard), around which Jotunheim is situated, and below which lies Ni?avellir, also called Svartalfheim. The three roots stretch down to Hel, Niflheim, and Muspelheim, although only the first world hosts a spring for Yggdrasil.
Spirit name
"Yulgen"
Central Asia According to the belief of the Altaians, the good spirits,aru neme, are all subjects of the good god Yulgen, and the bad spirits, kara neme, of the evil god Erlik. Yulgen is so kind and generous that he never does harm to men. Sacrifices are offered to him by all, but no one fears him. Every bridegroom must sacrifice to him a horse of a light colour after his marriage.