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God Name and Meaning

List of Gods : "Roman"   (200++ records)

NameOriginDescription

"Recaranus aka Garanus"
Roman , a fabulous Italian shepherd of gigantic bodily strength and courage. The fact of his being a gigantic shepherd who recovered stolen oxen from him, led the Romans to consider him as identical with the Greek Heracles. Roman

"Oculata"
Roman , a sacred Vestal Virgin who was buried alive after being deflowered. Roman
Deity name
"Roma"
Roman 1 A deity personifying the Roman state, or an personification in art of the city of Rome
Goddess name
"Despoena"
Greek 1. A goddess of fruit. A daughter of Demeter and Poseidon. Known as Pomona to the Romans 2. The ruling goddess or the mistress, occurs as a surname of several divinities, such as Aphrodite, Demeter and Persephone. Greek
God name
"Anextiomarus"
Roman / British A Celtic epithet of the Sun-god Apollo recorded in a Romano-British inscription from South Shields, England. The form is a variant of Anextlomarus 'Great protector', a Divine style or name attested in a fragmentary Gallo-Roman dedication from Le Mans, France. Anextlomarus is also attested as a Gaulish man's father's name at Langres, and a feminine Divine form, Anextlomara, appears in two other Gallo-Roman dedications from Avenches, Switzerland. Roman / British
Goddess name
"Ucuetis"
Celtic A Celtic god who, along with his consort Bergusia, was venerated at Alesia in Burgundy. The Divine couple are named on inscriptions of the Romano-Celtic period, and an image of a Divine couple has been found on the same site, the male figure bearing a hammer, the female appearing as a goddess of prosperity.
God name
"Mogounos"
Britain A Celtic god worshipped in Roman Britain and in Gaul. The main evidence is from altars dedicated to the god by Roman soldiers, but the deity is not a native Italic one.
God name
"Silvanus"
Roman A Latin divinity of the fields and Forests, to whom in the very earliest times the Tyrrhenian Pelasgians are said to have dedicated a grove and a festival. He is described as a god watching over the fields and husbandmen, and is also called the protector of the boundaries of fields.

"Cephalus"
Greek A Molossian chief, who, together with another chief, Antinous, was driven by the calumnies of Charops to take the side of Perseus, in self-defence, against the Romans. Greek

"Fontus"
Roman A Roman divinity connected with a well and he was the personification of the flowing waters.
Nymph name
"Venilia"
Roman A Roman divinity connected with the winds (venti) and the sea. Virgil and Ovid describe her as a nymph, a sister of Amata, and the wife of Faunus, by whom she became the mother of Turnus, Jutuma, and Canens. Aeneid x. Metamorphoses by Ovid xiv.)

"Terminus"
Roman A Roman divinity presiding over boundaries and frontiers. His worship is said to have been instituted by Numa who ordered that every one should mark the boundaries of his landed property by stones to be consecrated to Jupiter, and at which every year sacrifices were to be offered at the festival of the Terminalia.

"Menulis"
Roman A Roman divinity who had a grove and temple in the Esquiliae, on a spot which it was thought fatal to enter.

"Rediculus"
Roman A Roman divinity who was believed to have received his name from having induced Hannibal, when he was near the gates of the city, to return southward. This divinity was probably one of the Lares of the city of Rome.
Goddess name
"Nascio"
Roman A Roman divinity, presiding over the birth of children, and accordingly a goddess assisting Lucina in her functions, and analogous to the Greek Eileithyia. Roman

"Rusor"
Roman A Roman divinity, was worshipped as one of the companions of Tellus, by which was personified the power of nature (the earth) of bringing forth to light the seeds entrusted to her.

"Bona Dea"
Roman A Roman divinity, who is described as the sister, wife, or daughter of Faunus, and was herself called Fauna, Fatua, or Oma, worshipped at Rome from the earliest times as a chaste and prophetic divinity; and her worship was so exclusively confined to women.

"Stata Mater"
Roman A Roman divinity, who is probably identical with Vesta.

"Mellonia"
Roman A Roman divinity, who was believed to protect the honey, but is otherwise unknown.
King name
"Edusa aka Edulica"
Cuba A Roman divinity, who was worshipped as the protectress of children, and was believed to bless their food, just as Potina and Cuba blessed their drinking and their sleep.

"Segetia"
Roman A Roman divinity, who, together with Setia or Seja and Semonia, was invoked by the early Italians at seed time.
Goddess name
"Fatua"
Roman A Roman goddess identified with Gaea. Known as the kind goddess because of her benevolence towards all creatures.
Goddess name
"Juno"
Roman A Roman goddess of marriage and the long-suffering wife of Jupiter. Like her Greek equivalent, Hera, she was the protector of women, in particular married women. A festival took place in her honour on the calends (first) of March. Roman
Goddess name
"Carna"
Roman A Roman goddess who presided over the heart and other organs.
Goddess name
"Fornax"
Roman A Roman goddess, who is said to have been worshipped that she might ripen the corn, and prevent its being burnt in baking in the oven. Roman

"Stator"
Roman A Roman surname of Jupiter, describing him as staying the Romans in their flight from an enemy, and generally as preserving the existing order of things.
Goddess name
"Nicevenn"
Roman A Scottish Witch Goddess from the Middle Ages who rides through the night with her followers on Samhain. Her name can be translated as "Divine" or "Brilliant." She is equated with the Roman goddess Diana.
Nymph name
"Aetna"
Roman A Sicilian nymph, and according to Alcimus, a daughter of Uranus and Gaea, or of Briareus. Simonides said that she had acted as arbitrator between Hephaestus and Demeter respecting the possession of Sicily.

"Rhea Silvia"
Roman A Vestal, the mother of Romulus and Remus.
God name
"Orcus"
Roman A chthonic underworld god
God name
"Aeacoc"
Greek / Roman A chthonic underworld god & 1 of the 3 gods of Hades
Spirit name
"Apate"
Greek A daughter of Nyx, the personification of deceit. She was one of the evil spirits in Pandora's box. Her Roman equivalent was Fraus. Greek

"Saturnia"
Roman A daughter of Saturnus, and accordingly used as a surname of Juno and Vesta. Roman
Deity name
"Pales"
Roman A deity of shepherds, flocks and livestock. Roman

"Summanus"
Etruscan A derivative form from summus, the highest, an ancient Roman or Etruscan divinity, who was equal or even of higher rank than Jupiter
Goddess name
"Naenia"
Roman A dirge or lamentation such as was uttered at funerals, either by relatives of the deceased or by hired persons. At Rome Naenia was personified and worshipped as a goddess, who even had a chapel, which, however, as in the case of all other gods in connection with the dead, was outside the walls of the city, near the porta Viminalis. The object of this worship was probably to procure rest and peace for the departed in the lower world. Roman

"Nodotus"
Roman A divinity presiding over the knots in the stem of plants producing grain but it seems more probable that originally it was only a surname of Saturnus. Roman

"Fornax"
Roman A divinity who presided over ovens. Roman
God name
"Majestas"
Roman A divinity worshipped at Rome. She is mentioned in connection with Vulcan, and was regarded by some as the wife of that god, though it seems for no other reason but because a priest of Vulcan offered a sacrifice to her on the first of May. Roman

"Philter"
s A draught or charm to incite in another the passion of love. The Thessalian philters were the most renowned, but both the Greeks and Romans used these dangerous potions, which sometimes produced insanity. Lucretius is said to have been driven mad by a love-potion, and Caligula's death is attributed to some philters administered to him by his wife, C?sonia.

"Morgane"
s A fay to whose charge Zephyr committed young Passelyon and his cousin Bennucq. Passelyon fell in love with Morgane's daughter, and the adventures of these young lovers are related in the romance of Pereeforest.

"Ops"
Roman A female Roman divinity of plenty and fertility, as is indicated by her name, which is connected with opimus opulentus, inops, and copia. She was regarded as the wife of Saturnus, and, accordingly, as the protectress of every thing connected with Agriculture. Her abode was in the earth, and hence those who invoked her, or made vows to her, used to touch the ground, and as she was believed to give to human beings both their place of abode and their food, newly-born children were recommended to her care.

"Orbona"
Roman A female Roman divinity, to whom an altar was erected at Rome, near the temple of the Lares in the Via Sacra. She was invoked by parents who had been deprived of their children, and desired to have others, and also in dangerous maladies of children. Roman

"Nixi Dii"
Roman A general term, which seems to have been applied by the Romans to those divinities who were believed to assist women at the time when they were giving birth to a child. Before the cella of Minerva, on the Capitol, there were three statues, which were designated as Dii Nixi. Roman
God name
"Ifru"
Roman / N Africa A god known from an inscription at Crita
God name
"Theandros"
N Arabia A god known only from Greek & Roman inscriptions
God name
"Saturn/ Saturnus"
Roman A god of Agriculture, seeds, astronomy, Saturn, education
God name
"Mercury/ Mecurius"
Roman A god of astronomy, commerce, messengers, eloquence & sidelines as the messenger of the gods
God name
"Pan/ Consentes"
Greek / Roman A god of flocks, herds & of shepherds
God name
"Aesculapius/ Asklepios"
Greek / Roman A god of healing & of Medicine
God name
"Grannus"
Roman A god of healing affiliated with hot springs & mineral waters
God name
"Neptune/ Neptunus"
Italy / Roman A god of irrigation
God name
"Amor"
Roman A god of love
God name
"Hymenaios"
Greek / Roman A god of marriage
God name
"Attis"
Roman A god of plants
God name
"Notus/ Auster"
Roman A god of the southwest wind
God name
"Dis Pater"
Roman A god of war
God name
"Rigisamus"
Roman / Celtic A god of war
God name
"Sol"
Roman A god of war & the Sun
God name
"Quirinus"
Roman A god of war & the tutelary god of the Sabines
God name
"Hermanubis"
Egyptian A god who combined Hermes with Anubis. He was popular during the period of Roman domination. Depicted as having a human body and jackal head, with the sacred caduceus that belonged to the Greek god Hermes, he represented the Egyptian priesthood.
Goddess name
"Acca"
Roman A goddess associated with Hercules
Goddess name
"Abundantia/ Abundita"
Roman A goddess of Agriculture & abundance
Goddess name
"Tellus"
Roman A goddess of Agriculture, grain fields & fertility
Goddess name
"Numeria"
Roman A goddess of childbirth
Goddess name
"Carmenta"
Roman A goddess of childbirth & midwives, prophecy & springs
Goddess name
"Diana"
Greek / Roman A goddess of childbirth, chastity, virginity, fertility, hunting, the moon & the sky
Goddess name
"Potina"
Roman A goddess of children's of beverages & drinking
Goddess name
"Cardea"
Roman A goddess of door hinges
Goddess name
"Praxadike"
Roman A goddess of enterprise
Goddess name
"Fate"
Roman A goddess of fate
Goddess name
"Bona Dea/ Fauna"
Roman A goddess of fertility, great prophecy, the dispenser of healing herbs & rather prim & chaste
Goddess name
"Alemona"
Roman A goddess of fetuses
Goddess name
"Maia"
Roman A goddess of growth whose cult was associated with that of Vulcanus
Goddess name
"Juterna/ Juturna"
Roman A goddess of healing & springs invoked during drought
Goddess name
"Thermaia"
Roman A goddess of healing springs
Goddess name
"Clio"
Greek / Roman A goddess of history
Goddess name
"Edusa"
Roman A goddess of infants who are weaning
Goddess name
"Venus/ Dion/ Cytherea"
Roman A goddess of love, beauty, springtime, vineyards
Goddess name
"Adeos"
Roman A goddess of modesty
Goddess name
"Aegeria"
Roman A goddess of prophecy invoked by pregnant women
Goddess name
"Pasithea"
Greek / Roman A goddess of relaxation, meditation and hallucinations (the wife of Hypnos, god of sleep)
Goddess name
"Proserpina"
Roman A goddess of seed germination & spring
Goddess name
"Voluptas"
Roman A goddess of sensual pleasure
Goddess name
"Terra/ Terra Mater"
Roman A goddess of the earth
Goddess name
"Strenua"
Roman A goddess of vigor who gives energy to the weak and tired
Goddess name
"Aurora"
Roman A goddess of warriors & of the dawn
Goddess name
"Puta"
Roman A goddess responsible for the proper pruning of trees & shrubs respond
Goddess name
"Aurita"
Roman A goddess that heals earaches
Goddess name
"Tranquillitas Vacuna"
Roman A goddess who presided over doing nothing. Roman
Goddess name
"Abeona"
Roman A goddess who protected children the first time they left their parents' home, safeguarding their first steps alone. She is related to Adeona, a goddess who guided children back to their parents' home. Roman
God name
"Palemon"
Greek / Roman A human that suffered apotheosis & became a minor sea god
Goddess name
"Sirona"
Celtic / Roman A local goddess of healing from the Moselle basin of Germany
Deity name
"Aglibol"
Roman / Syria / Greek / Palmaryia A lunar deity in the ancient Syrian city of Palmyra. His name means "Calf of Bel" ("Calf of the Lord"). He is depicted with a Lunar disk decorating his head, and sometimes his shoulders. Roman / Syria / Greek / Palmaryia
God name
"Cocidius"
Britain A major cult centre of this Hunter god in Britain was at Bewcastle in Cumbria, known in Roman times as Fanum Cocidi or 'The Temple of Cocidius'.
Nymph name
"Picus"
Greek A man turned into a woodpecker by Circe for scorning her love. His wife was Canens, a nymph, who killed herself after he was transformed. They had one son, Faunus. Metamorphoses XIV by Ovid Greek / Roman
God name
"Rhadamanthos"
Greek / Roman A marriage of chthonic underworld god
Demon name
"Carreau"
Roman A mercilessness demon and prince of the Powers.
Deity name
"Disciplina"
Roman A minor deity and the personification of discipline. Roman
God name
"Mutinus"
Roman A minor fertility god of, strongly ityphallic & invoked by women wanting to bear children
God name
"Lactanus/ Lactans"
Roman A minor god of Agriculture
God name
"Improcitor"
Roman A minor god of Agriculture that worried over harrowing of the fields
God name
"Vertumnus"
Roman A minor god of orchards & gardens, likely of of Etruscan origin his festival is beingVertumnalia on August 13th
God name
"Verevctor"
Roman A minor god of plowing who was associated with the sacrifices to Tellus & Ceres
Goddess name
"Cinxia"
Roman A minor goddess of marriage[ She worries over the attire of the bride]
Ghost name
"Chagrin aka Harginn"
Romania A mischievous ghost that most often takes the form of a large yellow hedgehog, which always foretells some impending disaster. Romania
Monster name
"Bugaboo"
Italian A monster, or goblin, introduced into the tales of the old Italian romancers.
Goddess name
"Arava"
Roman A moon goddess
King name
"Zanclus"
Roman A mythical king, and son of Gegenus, from whom the town of Zancle in Sicily derived its name.
Goddess name
"Acca Larentia"
Etruscan A mythical woman who occurs in the stories in early Roman history. Associated with Hercules she was a goddess of the earth and goddess of Winter Roman / Etruscan
Deity name
"Pilumnus"
Roman A nature deity, brother of Picumnus. He ensured children grew properly and stayed healthy. Ancient Romans made an extra bed after the birth of a child in order to ensure the help of Pilumnus. He also taught humanity how to grind grain and sometimes identified as the husband of Danae, and therefore the father of Danaus and the ancestor of Turnus. Roman

"Incubus"
Roman A nightmare, anything that weighs heavily on the mind. At one time supposed to consort with women an their sleep. Roman
Nymph name
"Appias"
Roman A nymph of the Appian well, which was situated not far from the temple of Venus Genitrix in the forum of Julius Caesar. It was surrounded by statues of nymphs, who were called Appiades. Roman
Goddess name
"Carna"
Roman A nymph who lived where Rome would eventually be. Janus fell in love with her and gave her power over door hinges and handles. As a goddess, she was known as Cardea.
Goddess name
"Parce"
Greek / Roman A pair birth goddesses became the goddesses of fate

"Clementia"
Roman A personification of Clemency, was worshipped as a divinity at Rome, especially in the time of the emperors. Roman

"Pax"
Roman A personification of peace. Roman
Goddess name
"Numeria or Numerius"
Roman A praenomen given to those who were born quickly; and that women in childbirth were accustomed to pray to a goddess Numeria, who must have been a deity of some importance, as the pontifex mentioned her in the ancient prayers. Roman

"Pope"
Greek A priest who knocked on the head the ox offered in sacrifice, and cut it up, a very small part being burnt, and all the rest distributed to those concerned in the sacrifice. Wine was poured between the horns, but the priest first sipped it, and all those who assisted him. After the beast had been stunned it was stabbed, and the blood was caught in a vessel used for the purpose, for the shedding of blood was indispensable in every sacrifice. It was the duty of the pope to see that the victim to be sacrificed was without spot or blemish, and to ascertain that it had never been yoked to the plough. The head was crowned with a fillet, and the horns gift. Apparently the Roman soldiers of Pontius Pilate made a mockery imitation of these Roman and Greek sacrifices.
Deity name
"Erebos"
Greek / Roman A primordial deity, different
God name
"Rusina"
Roman A protector of the fields or farmland, one of the ancient indigenous gods. Roman
Goddess name
"Leucothea/ Leukothea"
Greek / Roman A sea goddess who protects her worshippers from being shipwrecked
Nymph name
"Cymodoce"
Roman A sea nymph and companion of Venus. Roman

"Afrasiab"
Roman A serpent identified by the Scythians with archfiend Ahriman.
King name
"Tyrrheus"
Roman A shepherd of king Latinus. Ascanius once, while hunting, killed a tame stag belonging to Tyrrheus whereupon the country people took up arms, which was the first conflict in Italy between the natives and the Trojan settlers. Roman

"Faustus"
Roman A son of Saturn and Entoria. and the brother of Janus, Hymnus and Felix. Roman.

"Dardanus"
Greek A son of Zeus and Electra, the daughter of Atlas. He was the brother of Jasus, Jasius, Jason, or Jasion, Aetion and Harmonia, and his native place in the various traditions is Arcadia, Crete, Troas, or Italy. Dardanus is the mythical ancestor of the Trojans, and through them of the Romans. It is necessary to distinguish between the earlier Greek legends and the later ones which we meet with in the poetry of Italy. Greek
God name
"Acestes"
Roman A son of the Sicilian river-god Crimisus and of a Trojan woman of the name of Egesta or Segesta
Spirit name
"Will-O'-the-Wisp"
Roman A spirit of the bogs, whose delight is to mislead belated travellers.

"Gremory"
Roman A strong Duke of Hell who tells all things past, present and future, about hidden treasures, and procures the love of women, young and old, but especially maidens.

"Telamon"
Roman A surname of Atlas, describing him as the sufferer or bearer of heaven.

"Moneta"
Roman A surname of Juno among the Romans, by which she was characterised as the protectress of money. Roman

"Feretrius"
Roman A surname of Jupiter, which is probably derived from ferire, to strike; for persons who took an oath called upon Jupiter, if they swore falsely, to strike them as they struck the victim they sacrificed to him. Roman

"Sterculius"
Roman A surname of Saturnus, derived from Stercus, manure, because he had promoted Agriculture by teaching the people the use of manure. This seems to have been the original meaning, though some Romans state that Sterculius was a surname of Picumnus, the son of Faunus, to whom likewise improvements in Agriculture are ascribed. Roman

"Calva"
Roman A surname of Venus at Rome, which is derived by some from the verb calvere, to mock or annoy.
God name
"Mulciber"
Roman A surname of Vulcan, which seems to have been given to the god as a euphemism, and for the sake of a good omen, that he might not consume by ravaging fire the habitations and property of men, but might kindly and benevolently aid men in their pursuits. Roman
God name
"Tonans"
Roman A surname of the god Jupiter and was always represented with a thunderbolt in his hand. Roman.
God name
"Tonitrualis"
Roman A surname of the god Jupiter, to whom the Romans attributed power over all the changes in the heavens, as Rain, storms, thunder and lightning.
God name
"Fulminator"
Roman A surname of the god Jupiter.
God name
"Triumphator"
Roman A surname of the god Jupiter. Roman
Goddess name
"Fluonia"
Roman A surname of the goddess Juno. Roman
Goddess name
"Virginalis"
Roman A title of the goddess Juno. In this aspect she protected virginity.
Deity name
"Ma"
Comana A warlike deity identified by the Greeks with Enyo and by the Romans with Bellona. Comana
Goddess name
"Arnemetia"
Roman / British A water goddess known from inscriptions
God name
"Eacus"
Roman / Iberia A weather god
God name
"Kloanthes Hellenized/ Roman"
Egypt A youthful god of Panoplois
King name
"Tarchetius"
Roman A. mythical king of Alba, who in some traditions is connected with the founders of Rome. Once a phallus was seen rising above one of his flocks. In compliance with an oracle he ordered one of his daughters to approach the phallus; but she sent one of her maid servants, who became pregnant, and gave birth to the twins Romulus and Remus. Roman

"Mithras"
Roman About the time of the Roman emperors his worship was introduced at Rome, and thence spread over all parts of the wearing the Phrygian cap and attire, and kneeling on a bull which is thrown on the ground, and whose throat he is cutting. The bull is at the same time attacked by a dog, a serpent, and a scorpion. This group appears frequently among ancient works of art. Roman

"Umbanda"
Afro-Brazilian Afro-Brazilian religion that blends African traditions with Roman Catholicism,
Goddess name
"Anceta"
Roman Aka Angizia, Anagtia, Anagtia, Anguitia, Anguitina, Angitia. A healing and snake Goddess who was especially revered by the Marsi, a warlike tribe of people who lived to the east of Rome. Roman
God name
"Aquilo"
Roman Aka Boreas, a purple-winged god of the north wind, one of the four wind-gods. He was also the god of Winter, who swept down from the cold northern mountains of Thrake, chilling the air with his icy breath. Roman
Nymph name
"Camenae"
Roman Aka Casmenae, Carmenae Carmentis, prophetic nymphs. Two of the Camenae were Antevorta and Postvorta. The third was Carmenta or Carmentis, a prophetic and healing divinity. Roman

"Lua"
Roman Also called Lua mater or Lua Saturni, one of the early Italian divinities, whose worship was forgotten in later times. Roman
Goddess name
"Pacis"
Roman An altar to Peace, envisioned as a Roman goddess.
Ghost name
"Bulla"
Roman An amulet worn, by Roman children, intended to ward off ghostly anger.

"Februus"
Roman An ancient Italian divinity, to whom the month of February was sacred, for in the latter half of that month great and general purifications and lustrations were celebrated, which were at the same time considered to produce fertility among men as well as beasts. Roman

"Libitina"
Italian An ancient Italian divinity, who was identified by the later Romans sometimes with Persephone on account of her connection with the dead and their burial, and sometimes with Aphrodite.

"Lupercus"
Roman An ancient Italian divinity, who was worshipped by shepherds as the protector of their flocks against wolves, and at the same time as the promoter of the fertility among sheep, whence he was called Inuus. Roman

"Furina or Furrina"
Roman An ancient Roman divinity, who had a sacred grove at Rome.
God name
"Mars"
Roman An ancient Roman god, who was at an early period identified by the Romans with the Greek Ares, or the god delighting in bloody war, although there are a variety of indications that the Italian Mars was originally a divinity of a very different nature. Roman
Goddess name
"Virbius"
Roman An ancient mythical king of Aricia and a favourite of Diana, who, when he had died, called him to life and intrusted him to the care of the nymph Aegeria. The fact of his being a favourite of Diana, the Taurian goddess, seems to have led the Romans to identify him with Hippolytus who, according to some traditions, had established the worship of Diana. Roman
God name
"Inuus"
Roman An ancient protector of livestock, one of the di indigetes, indigenous gods. He was probably a god of fertility or sexual intercourse, as his name was thought by some to be connected with the word inire, "to copulate". He was also sometimes identified with the Roman god Faunus. Roman
Angel name
"Guardian-Angel"
Roman An angelic spirit which presides over the destiny of each individual.
Goddess name
"Virilis"
Roman An aspect of the goddess Fortuna who attended a man's career. Roman

"Fascinus"
Roman An early Latin divinity, and identical with Mutinus or Tutinus. He was worshipped as the protector from sorcery, witchcraft, and evil daemons and represented in the form of a phallus, the genuine Latin for which iafascimtm, this symbol being believed to be most efficient in averting all evil influences. He was especially invoked to protect women in childbed and their offspring.
God name
"Quirinus"
Roman An early god of the Roman state.

"Bap or Baphomet"
French An imaginary idol or symbol, which the Templars were said to employ in their mysterious rites. The word is a corruption of Mahomet. The image of Baphomet was romanticized during the nineteenth century by the German antiquarian Josef von Hammer-Purgstall.
God name
"Arimanius/ Areimaios"
Roman An underworld god
God name
"Aericura"
Celtic / Roman An underworld god known only from inscription
Goddess name
"Ataecina"
Roman / Iberia An underworld goddess
Spirit name
"Lar Familiaris"
Roman Ancestral spirit. A personal and vaguely defined deity brought into the house from the surrounding land....
Spirit name
"Nereides"
Greco - Roman Animistic spirits of the sea. Female personalities, the best known of whom is AMPHITRITE, assigned the guardianship of the oceans by the great gods and invoked by seafarers. Also attendants of the god POSEIDON....
Spirit name
"Napaeae"
Greco - Roman Animistic spirits of valleys. Female personalities assigned the guardianship of fertile green valleys by the great gods and invoked locally in small country shrines....
Spirit name
"Hamadryades"
Greco - Roman Animistic tree spirits. Vaguely defined female beings whose existence is restricted to the individual trees of which they are guardians....
Spirit name
"Naiades"
Greco - Roman Animistic water spirits. Female personalities assigned the guardianship of fresh waters by the great gods, and invoked locally at sacred pools and springs. They were also regarded as minor patrons of music and poetry....
God name
"Terra"
Greek Another form for terra, the name under which the earth was personified among the Romans, as Ge was among the Greeks. She is often mentioned in contrast with Jupiter, the god of heaven, and connected with Dis and the Manes. Greek
Goddess name
"Angina"
Roman Another goddess of health, specifically of sore throats

"Victrix"
Roman Another name for Venus. Roman
Angel name
"Destroying Angel"
Roman Another name for the angel of destruction, aka the angel of death.
Supreme god name
"Kronos"
Pre - Greek Archetypal fertility god. He is of unknown origin but is the son of the earth mother GAIA and the sky god OURANOS, whom he usurped after castrating him. His consort is RHEA. So as not to suffer a similar fate to his father he swallowed all his children except ZEUS who was kept from him by a ruse. Zeus eventually hurled Kronos into Tartaros, the abyss in which all the TITANS were confined. He was celebrated in the Greek harvest festival of kronia which equalled the Roman saturnalia. During Hellenic times he was the supreme god at Byblos [Syria]. He is depicted on coinage of Antiochus IV (175-164 BC) nude, leaning on a scepter, with three pairs of wings, two spread and one folded....
Planet name
"Saturnus"
Roman Astral god. Identified with the planet Saturn, but thought to have originated as an agricultural deity concerned with sowing of seed. A sanctuary existed on the Roman forum from as early as 450 BC, also functioning as the imperial treasury. Saturnus was celebrated in the Saturnalia festival (December 17-19) during which masters and slaves exchanged roles and candles were given as gifts to symbolize the Winter darkness....
God name
"Candamius"
Romano - Iberian Astral god. Known from inscriptions and place-names in northern Spain and syncretized with Jupiter....
God name
"Tarvos Trigaranos"
Roman / Celtic / Gallic Bull god. Known chiefly from a four-sided monument erected near Paris by boatmen of the Seine during the reign of the emperor Tiberius. It depicts ESUS, VulcanUS, JUPITER and Tarvos. As Tarvos Trigaranos, he is drawn as a bull with three cranes on its back and can be seen at such places as Dorchester in England. The bull may alternatively bear three horns....

"Ursa Major"
Roman Calisto, daughter of Lycaon, was violated by Jupiter, and Juno changed her into a bear. Jupiter placed her among the stars that she might be more under his protection. Roman

"Calpe"
Roman Calpe and Abyla. The two pillars of Hercules. According to one account, these two were originally only one mountain, which Hercules tore asunder; but some say he piled up each mountain separately, and poured the sea between them. Roman

"Carpathian Wizard Proteus"
Roman Carpathian Wizard Proteus who lived in the island of Carpathos, between Rhodes and Crete. He was a wizard and prophet, who could transform himself into any shape he pleased. He is represented as carrying a sort of crook in his hand. Carpathos, now called Scarpanto. Roman
God name
"Bacax"
Roman / Africa Cave god known from inscription at Crita. Roman / Africa
Goddess name
"Verticordia"
Roman Changer of the Heart, an attribute of Venus, the goddess who turns the hearts of men. Roman
Monster name
"Chichivache"
French Chichivache the "sorry cow," a monster that lived only on good women- all skin and bone, because its food was so extremely scarce. The old English romancers invented another monster, which they called Bicorn, as fat as the other was lean; but, luckily, he had for food "good and enduring husbands," of which there is no lack. French
God name
"Rimer"
Roman Chief god of Damascus; so called from the word rime, a "pomegranate," because he held a pomegranate in his right hand. The people bore a pomegranate in their coat armour. The Romans called this god Jupiter Cassius, from Mount Cassius, near Damascus.
God name
"Ahriman"
Zoroastrian / Farsi Per sian Chthonic god of darkness. The antagonist of AHURA MAZDA, god of light, and his attendant, MITHRA. The name is a modern derivation of the original Avestan title ANGRU MAINYU. Ahriman is said to have tried to persuade his attendant animals, including the scor pion, ant and snake, to drink the blood of the bull slain by Mithra in the primeval legend of dualistic conflict (see Mithra); if he had succeeded he would have prevented life from forming on earth. In another legend he tried to thwart Ahura Mazda by sending a flood to destroy the world. Also recog nized in Roman Mithraism. Rituals included ani mal sacrifice. Also ARIMANIUS (Roman)....
God name
"Midir"
Celtic / Irish Chthonic god. Appears in polymorphic form. According to legend the consort of Etain and ruler of the land of Mag Mor. He lost an eye when hit by a hazel wand; the eye was replaced by DIANCECHT, the physician god. In Roman times he became more of an underworld deity. Also Mider....
Goddess name
"LIbitina"
Roman Chthonic goddess of death. Associated with funerals and interment....
Goddess name
"Eriiys"
Greek Chthonic goddess of wrath. According to legend she was a consort of POSEIDON by whom she bore the fabulous horse Areon. By implication she may also have been a grim maternal figure who engendered all horses. She may be equated with a wrathful DEMETER who is sometimes given the epithet Erinys. Erinys appears in the collec tive form of three Erinyes, their heads covered with snake locks and bearing torches from the underworld. In the Iliad they are described as those “who beneath the earth punish dead men, whoever has sworn a false oath.” In Roman mythology they are the Furies....
Goddess name
"Larunda"
Sabine Chthonic goddess. An early Italic earth mother who, in Roman times, according to some traditions, became the mother of the LARES. Also Lara (Roman)....
Goddess name
"Rhiannon"
Celtic / Irish Chthonic horse goddess. The daughter of Hefaidd Hen and consort of PWYLL, she rides upon a white mare and is associated with the underworld and with fertility. May be virtually synonymous with the Romano-Celtic goddess Rigantona whose name means “great queen.” Authors suggest she is modeled on the goddess MODRON and she partly equates with EPONA....
Goddess name
"Maia"
Greco - Roman Chthonic or earth goddess. Originally, in pre-Homeric times, a mountain spirit who subsequently became a minor consort of ZEUS. The Romans worshiped her as an obscure goddess of the plains who became briefly a consort of JUPITER, and they perceived her as the mother of the messenger god Mercury. Her cult was associated with that of VulcanUS. Possibly the origin of the name of the month of May.See also MERCURIUS....
God name
"Endouellicus"
RomanoIberian Chthonic oracular and healing god. Known from the Portuguese region. Probably the recipient of pig sacrifice....
Goddess name
"Tellus"
Roman Chthonic primordial earth mother. A corn deity, generally regarded as benevolent, but also a goddess of the dead. Enemy armies were offered to her and cursed in her name. Both she and the corn goddess CERES were propitiated with human sacrifice. Also TERRA MATER....

"Terra Mater"
Roman Chthonic primordial earth mother. Derived from Greek model.See also TELLUS....