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God Name and Meaning

List of Gods : "South America"   (29 records)

NameOriginDescription
Supreme god name
"Ai Apaec"
Mochica Indian / pre - Columbian South America / northern coast of Peru Supreme god. Probably originated as a jaguar god but came to rule the destinies of the world. He was thought to live like ordinary people and could reveal himself as man or god at will. He is depicted in anthropomorphic form, but with huge fangs and a cat-like wrinkled face with whiskers coming from his nose. He received sacrificial victims hurled from the top of a high cliff....
Spirit name
"Apacita"
Inca / pre - Columbian South America / Peru, etc Guardian spirit. The apotheosis of a pile of stones marking the top of a pass or some other critical point on a route invoked by travelers with small offerings to strengthen them on their journey....
God name
"Apo (lord)"
Inca / pre Columbian South America / Peru, etc mountain god. The apotheosis of an Andean mountain, all mountains being sacred to the South American Indians....
Goddess name
"Axo-Mama"
South American Indian / Peru Goddess of potato crops. A model of this minor deity was made out of parts of the plant as a harvest fetish and kept for a year before being burned in a ritual to ensure a good potato harvest....
Goddess name
"Coca-Mama"
South American Indian / Peru Goddess of the coca plant. Minor goddess who oversees the harvest of the coca crop. Models of the deity were made from the leaves of the plant and kept for a year before being burned in a ritual to ensure a good coca harvest....
Spirit name
"Cururipur"
S American spirit of the jungle that brings destruction to tortoise hunters. South American
Spirit name
"Huaca"
Inca / pre - Columbian South America / Peru, etc spirit being. The apotheosis of a natural object such as a rock or a place of local importance such as a spring. It is uncertain whether the principle is one of animism (when a deity takes on different natural shapes at will) or anImatism (when an object is a supernatural being in its own right)....
Spirit name
"Huanacauri"
Inca / pre - Columbian South America / Peru, etc Guardian spirit. The apotheosis of a special spindle-shaped stone sited near Cuzco which protected the Inca royal family and also featured strongly in the maturation rites of male Inca adolescents. Also Wanakawri....
God name
"Imyapa"
Inca / pre - Columbian South America / Peru, etc weather god. Also perceived as a thunder god, he became syncretized with Santiago, the patron saint of Spain. The Indians called Spanish firearms Ilyapa. Also Inti-Ilyapa; Coqi-Ilya; Illapa; Katoylla....
Goddess name
"Inlti (sun)"
Inca / pre - Columbian South America / Peru, etc Sun god. His consort is the moon goddess MAMA-KILYA. Inti was depicted as a trinity in the sanctuaries in Cuzco, possibly in deference to the Christian Trinity. The Temple of the Sun is reported to have housed images, in gold, of all the sky gods in the Inca pantheon on more or less equal terms, since the Sun is regarded as one of many great celestial powers. Inti may also have been depicted as a face on a gold disc. The socalled “fields of the Sun” supported the Inca priesthood. The three Sun deities are Apo-Inti (lord Sun), Cori-Inti (son Sun) and Inti-Wawqi (sun brother). The Sun god(s) is perceived as the progenitor of the Inca rulers at Cuzco through two children—a son Manco Capac and his sister / consort Mama Ocllo Huaco. The Quechua Indians of the central Andes call the same deity Inti Huayna Capac and perceive him as part of a trinity with the Christian god and Christ....
God name
"Keyeme Taulipsang"
S America God and lord of the animals South America
Deities name
"Kokopelli"
S America A fertility deity, usually depicted as a humpbacked flute player (often with a huge phallus and antenna-like protrusions on his head), who has been venerated by many Native American cultures in the Southwestern United States. Like most fertility deities, Kokopelli presides over both childbirth and Agriculture. He is also a trickster god and represents the spirit of music.
Goddess name
"Mama Qoca (mother sea)"
Inca / pre - Columbian South America / Peru, etc Goddess of the ocean. Originally a pre-Inca goddess of coastal regions who retained her influence under Inca rule. Invoked by all Indians who gain their livelihood from the sea. Today probably syncretized largely with the Christian Virgin Mary. Also Mama Cocha....
Goddess name
"Mama-Kilya (mother moon)"
Inca / pre - Columbian South America / Peru, etc moon goddess. The consort of the Sun god INTI, she is important in the calculation of time and regulating the Inca festival calendar. The Indians consider that an eclipse of the moon is a time of great danger, caused by a mountain lion or snake eating the moon, and perform a ritual making as much noise as possible to frighten the predator off....
Goddess name
"Mictanteot"
S America Goddess of the underworld. South America
God name
"Moma"
S America The moon god, ancestor of mankind and maker of the world. Uitoto, South America
God name
"Moma"
Uitoto Indian / South America Creator god. Originally the creator of mankind. When he was slain he entered and ruled the underworld. Also the apotheosis of the moon....
God name
"Nainuema"
Uitoto Indian / South America Creator god. He created the earth from his own imagination and stamped upon it until it was flat. He then engendered the Forests and other living things from his saliva....

"Naionuema Uitoto"
S America Created the earth from its own imagination South America
God name
"Ni"
Chimu Indian / pre - Columbian South America / coastal areas of Peru Sea god. A significant deity in the pantheon, revered by fishermen. Often linked with SI, the moon god....
Goddess name
"Paca-Mama (earth mother)"
Inca / pre - Columbian South America / highlands of Peru Chthonic earth goddess. Worshiped extensively by farmers but now largely syncretized with the Christian Virgin Mary....
God name
"Pachacamac (earth creator)"
South American Indian / Lima region of Peru Creator god. Near the town of Pachacamac is the site of a huge pyramidal sanctuary dedicated to the god. In origin he is pre-Inca but the Inca rulers who took over the region allowed his worship to continue; eventually he became syncretized with the god VAIRACOCHA....
God name
"Pariacaca"
Pre - Inca central Andean / South America weather god. The deity responsible for Rain and thunder, personified by the falcon....
God name
"Pore"
Guyanan Indian / South America Creator god. Engendered the earth and all living things. Also Pura....
Deity name
"Qoluncotun"
Nativ American Creator deity of the Sinkaietk who, angered by the ingratitude of their ancestors, hurled a star at the earth, which burst into flames. Southern Okanagon
Spirit name
"Wanka"
Inca / pre - Columbian South America / Peru, etc Guardian spirit. The apotheosis of a tall stone or boulder (HVACA) set upright in the center of a field....
Spirit name
"Wawki"
Inca / pre - Columbian South America / Peru, etc Guardian spirit. The apotheosis of a stone or HVACA which each Inca emperor carried with him as a personal tutelary deity. The object was known as a “brother.”...
Monster name
"Yacu-mama"
Indian Mother of waters. A fabulous sea-snake, fifty paces long and twelve yards in girth, said to lurk in the lagunes of South America, and in the river Amazon. This monster draws into its mouth whatever passes within a hundred yards of it, and for this reason an Indian will never venture to enter an unknown lagune till he has blown his horn, which the yacu-mama never fails to answer if it is within hearing. By this means the danger apprehended is avoided. South America
Goddess name
"Zara-Mama"
South American Indian / Peru Maize goddess. A minor deity, models of whom were made from the leaves of the plant and kept for a year before being burned in a ritual to ensure a good maize harvest....