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God Name and Meaning

List of Gods : "deity"   (200++ records)

NameOriginDescription
Deity name
"Krishna"
Hindu 'Black.' This name occurs in the Rigveda, but without any relation to the great deity of later times. The earliest mention of Krishna, the son of Devaki, is in the Chhandogya Upanishad, where he appears as a scholar. Hindu
Deity name
"Isa (1)"
Hindu / Puranic (1) An aspect of S IVA. Also a dik pala or guardian of the northeastern quarter; and an EKADASARUDRA (one of the eleven rudras). Rides upon a goat or a bull. Color: white. Attributes: five arrows, ax, drum, fruit, hatchet, hook, lute, noose, rosary, staff. Three-eyed.(2) Guardian deity. Buddhist. A minor dikpala attended by a bull. Color: white. Attributes: cup, moon disc and trident....
Spirit name
"Istadevata"
Hindu (1) Generic title of a personal god. The name given to a deity chosen by an individual for special worship in return for protection and spiritual guidance. Also the name given to a household icon.(2) Tutelary god. Buddhist, particularly in Tibet. The personal deity of one preparing for Tantric initiation....
God name
"Mahakala (the great death)"
Hindu / Puranic (1) God. A violent aspect of S IVA. His SAKTI is Mahakah. Rides upon a lion. Color: black. Attributes: five arrows, ax, Brahma-egg, club, cup, rosary of skulls, staff and trident. Three-eyed. Also considered to be a form of the god BHAIRAVA in which context he is a guardian of the faith.(2) Guardian god of tents and science. BuddhistLamaist [Tibet]. Derived from the Hindu god S iva and an emanation of the five DHYANIBUDDHAS. Also one of a group of DHARMAPALAS with terrible appearance and royal attire. A deity of riches. He treads on the god Vinayaka, or on a man, a corpse, or on two elephant-headed men. Color: black, blue or white. Attributes: mainly elephant skin, prayer wheel and trident, but may hold various other objects....
Deities name
"Mara (the destroyer)"
Buddhist (1) God. An evil deity who puts obstacles in the way of the BUDDHA. The equal of the Hindu god Kama. In Buddhist tradition, the Hindu gods INDRA, BRAHMA, VIS NU and S IVA are maras who become vanquished by various Buddhist deities. Attributes: fish standard.(2) God. Hindu. An epithet of KAMA(DEVA)....
God name
"Ganapati (lord of hosts)"
Hindu / Puranic (1) God. The more commonly recognized name of the elephant god GANESA, particularly favored in western India.(2) God. Buddhist (Mahayana). The name of a deity influenced by the Hindu god Ganesa. Depicted riding upon a rat or mouse and carrying an assortment of attributes....
Goddess name
"Kurukulla"
Hindu (1) Goddess of boats. A Tantric deity generally depicted in a boat made of jewels. Also goddess of wine.(2) Goddess. Buddhist (Mahayana). The SAKTI of AMITABHA. Usually of terrifying appearance. Attributes: arrow, bow, flower, hook, noose, rosary and trident....
Goddess name
"Mawu"
Fon / Benin, West Africa (1) moon goddess. The sister of the Sun god LISA. She is also considered to bestow fertility and motherhood and is generally benevolent in nature.(2) sky god. Ewe [Togo, West Africa]. Among the tribe neighboring the Fon. Mawu is perceived as male and a creator deity. He favors the color white and is also benevolent and generous in nature....
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Goddess name
"Candra"
Hindu / Epic / Puranic (1) Planet god. Personified by the moon and also seen as a dikpala or guardian of the northern direction. Consorts include KAUMUDI, TARA and the NAKSATRAS or astral goddesses. His son is BUDHA. He drives in a chariot drawn by ten white horses. Color: white. Attributes: club, lotus, sacred rope and prayer wheel. The term candra usually refers to the cup containing the sacrificial yellow beverage SOMA, often a synonym for the deity. Candra is also the apotheosis of the pale yellow moon disc. 2. Planet god. Buddhist. Attended by a goose. Color: white. Attributes: moon disc on a lotus....
Deities name
"Ame-No-Minaka-Nushi-No-Kami"
Shinto (Exalted Musubi deity), who is later related to the gods of the heaven; Kami-musubi no Kami (Sacred Musubi deity), related to the gods of the earth; and Ame no Minaka-nushi no Kami (Heavenly Centre-Ruling deity). Some Shinto scholars hold that all Shinto deities are manifestations of Ame no Minaka-nushi no Kami.
Deity name
"Hunab Ku aka Hun Itzamna"
Mayan . The Supreme Being and the greatest deity in the pantheon. Mayan
Deity name
"Roma"
Roman 1 A deity personifying the Roman state, or an personification in art of the city of Rome
Deity name
"Daoji"
Buddhist A Buddhist monk who became a minor Taoist deity
God name
"Mogounos"
Britain A Celtic god worshipped in Roman Britain and in Gaul. The main evidence is from altars dedicated to the god by Roman soldiers, but the deity is not a native Italic one.
Deity name
"Tu Er Shen"
Chinese A Chinese deity who manages the love and sex between men. His name literally means "rabbit deity".
Demon name
"Bi-har"
Buddhist / Tibet A Guardian deity that protects against demons
Deity name
"Ugayafukiaezu"
Japan A Japanese deity (kami) and the father of Japan's mythical first emperor, Emperor Jimmu.
God name
"Auseklis"
Latvian A Latvian god, and the personification of Venus. He is third most popular deity in Latvian mythology after Saule and Me-ness.
Deity name
"Aradia"
Italy / Etruscan A Lunar deity
Deity name
"Xbaquiyalo"
Maya A Maya deity. wife of Hun-Hunahpu, she was mother to the Monkey twins.
God name
"Hermensul or Ermensul"
Christian A Saxon deity, worshipped in Westphalia. Charlemagne broke the idol, and converted its temple into a Christian church. Probably it was a war-god.
Deity name
"Tammuz or Thammuz"
Syrian A Syrian and Phoenician deity corresponding to Adonis.
Deity name
"Dianic Wicca"
Greek A Wiccan path that focuses on the strong female deity Diana.
King name
"Utixo"
Khoi A benevolent deity who lived in the sky, sending Rain for the crops, and speaking with thunder. Khoi
God name
"Osande Ovimbundu"
Angola A benevolent god that is a guardian deity
Deity name
"Nenekicex"
Siberia A benevolent supreme deity and creator. The Kamchadal, Siberia
Deity name
"Abracadabra"
Assyrians A charm. It is said that Abracadabra was the supreme deity of the Assyrians. Q. Severus Sammonicus recommended the use of the word as a powerful antidote against ague, flux, and toothache. The word was to be written on parchment, and suspended round the neck by a linen thread.
Deity name
"Yagute"
Arabian A deity depicted in the form of a lion. Arabian
God name
"Enki aka Ea"
Mesopotamia / Sumeria A deity later known as Ea in Babylonian mythology, originally chief God of the city of Eridu. Mesopotamia / Sumeria
Deities name
"Shichifukujin"
Japan A deity of happiness, prosperity, longevity, and wisdom. One of the seven principal deities of luck, identified as Ebisu, Daikokuten, Bishamonten, Benzaiten, Fukurokuju, Jurojin, and Hotei. Japan
Deity name
"Aziri"
Africa A deity of salty waters, candies and confectionary. Africa
Deity name
"Pales"
Roman A deity of shepherds, flocks and livestock. Roman
Deity name
"Mezadeva"
Snookum Chuck A deity skilled in the art of preparing poison.
God name
"Daho"
Pyrenean A deity that may be a god of war
Deity name
"Issitoq"
Inuit A deity that punishes those who break taboos. He usually takes the form of a giant flying eye. Inuit
Deity name
"Jnanaparamita"
Buddhist A deity who has perfected transcendent, super-human or supernatural knowledge. Buddhist
Deity name
"Datin"
Arabic A deity worshipped in pre-Islamic northern Arabia. Datin was an oracular deity also associated with oaths and justice. Arabic
God name
"Beelzebub"
Semitic A deity worshipped in the Philistine city of Ekron. In ancient contexts, there appears to have been little, if any, meaningful distinction between Beelzebub and the polytheistic Semitic god named Ba‘al.
Deities name
"Kokopelli"
S America A fertility deity, usually depicted as a humpbacked flute player (often with a huge phallus and antenna-like protrusions on his head), who has been venerated by many Native American cultures in the Southwestern United States. Like most fertility deities, Kokopelli presides over both childbirth and Agriculture. He is also a trickster god and represents the spirit of music.
Goddess name
"Rosmerta"
Gaul A fertility goddess and a deity of abundance. Gaul
Deity name
"Vajardaka"
Buddhist A fierce and wrathful deity invoked for purifying negative actions. Buddhist
God name
"Chac Uayab Xoc"
Mayan A fish god and the patron deity of fishermen. He blessed their catches, yet also ate them if they drowned. Mayan
King name
"Heitsi-Eibib"
Namaqua A flood hero deity who "came from the east," landing in the west of Cape South Africa, a very long time ago, with fellow survivors from a Sunken kingdom. Namaqua
Supreme god name
"Jumala"
Finland A generic name for a major deity. Originally the name given by the Finns to the sky, the sky-god, and the supreme god. Later taivas and Ukko were used as the names for the sky and the sky-god. The word means god and was later used for the Christian God. The origin of the word is unknown – some possible explanations are derivation from Jomali, the supreme deity of the Permians and origination from the Estonian word jume.
God name
"Ikenga Ibo"
Nigeria A god of fortune, a benevolent deity
God name
"Ilmarinen"
Finnish A god of good weather & the wind, he is also a protective deity of travelers & for a lark he forged the Sun
God name
"Shou Lao"
China A god of longevity that started out as an astral deity
Goddess name
"Anulap"
Micronesia A god of magic and knowledge in the mythology of Micronesia, who teaches these things to humanity. He is the husband of the creator goddess Ligobubfanu, and may be a creator deity himself.
God name
"Pajainen"
Finnish A god, the deity that killed the great bull in the legends of Finland
Goddess name
"Ma Shi"
China A goddess & stellar deity
Goddess name
"Turan"
Etruscan A goddess of love & the tutelary deity of Vulci
Goddess name
"Nehalennia"
Britain A goddess who was the patron deity of sea traders
Deity name
"Dylan"
Wales / Britain A guardian deity of the mouth of the River Conway
Deity name
"Parna-Savari"
Buddhist A healing deity. Buddhist
Demon name
"Namtaru"
Mesopotamia A hellish deity, god of death, and the messenger of An, Ereshkigal, and Nergal, considered responsible for diseases and pests. It was said that he commanded sixty diseases in the form of demons that could penetrate different parts of the human body. Mesopotamia
Deity name
"Nkundo"
Zaire A language, not a deity. Zaire
Deity name
"Maitresse Amelia"
Haitian A loa or minor deity. Haitian Vodun
Deity name
"Prakde"
Kafir / Afghanistan A local deity
Deity name
"Dun-shagga"
Babylonian A local deity. Babylonian
Deity name
"Dumu-zi-zuab"
Babylonian A local deity. Nebo, under this name, is described as a son of the deep. Babylonian
Deity name
"Arvenus"
Gaelic A local tribal deity
God name
"Alignak"
Inuit A lunar deity and god of weather, water, tides, eclipses and earthquakes. Inuit
Goddess name
"Anumati"
Sanskrit A lunar deity and goddess of wealth, intellect, children, spirituality and prosperity. Also Anumati is a type of full moon day in which the moon remains slightly cut and not fully full moon called as Chaturdashi bhiddha purnima Sanskrit
God name
"Ina"
Polynesia A lunar deity daughter of Kui or Vaitere, who kept an eel in a jar, but it soon grew into the eel-god, Tuna, who tried to rape her. The people of Upolo rescued her and sentenced him to death. At his request, she buried his head in the sand and from it grew the first coconut. Ina is married to Marama, the god of the night. She lives in the sky during the daytime when her husband is not visible. Polynesia
Deity name
"Aglibol"
Roman / Syria / Greek / Palmaryia A lunar deity in the ancient Syrian city of Palmyra. His name means "Calf of Bel" ("Calf of the Lord"). He is depicted with a Lunar disk decorating his head, and sometimes his shoulders. Roman / Syria / Greek / Palmaryia
Deity name
"Tarquiup Inua"
Inuit A lunar deity. Inuit
Deity name
"Jarilo"
Slavic A major Proto-Slavic deity of vegetation, fertility and spring, also associated with war and harvest.
God name
"Attar"
Canaan A masculine semític deity who evolved into Ishtar, masculine God of the morning star and the feminine the star of afternoon. Canaan
Deity name
"Yalafath"
Micronesia A mighty and benevolent deity, who sits in the sky and views placidly the work of his hands and the operations of the multitudes of kan (also called yan), or genii, mostly evil and malevolent, each busy in his own sphere of activity., Micronesia
Deity name
"Paiawon"
Greek A military deity at Knossos.
Deity name
"Disciplina"
Roman A minor deity and the personification of discipline. Roman
Deity name
"Aquit"
The Americas A moon deity
Goddess name
"Ishtar"
Assyrian / Babylon A mother goddess, fertility goddess, the goddess of spring, a storm goddess, a warrior goddess and goddess of war, a goddess of the hunt, a goddess of love, goddess of marriage and childbirth, and a goddess of fate. She was also an underworld deity, her twin sister being Ereshkigal, the Goddess of death, but her dominant aspects are as the mother goddess of compassion and the goddess of love, sex and war. Assyrian / Babylon
Deity name
"Magog"
Celtic A mountain deity
Deity name
"Hari"
India A name of Vishnu as a solar deity. India
Deity name
"Pilumnus"
Roman A nature deity, brother of Picumnus. He ensured children grew properly and stayed healthy. Ancient Romans made an extra bed after the birth of a child in order to ensure the help of Pilumnus. He also taught humanity how to grind grain and sometimes identified as the husband of Danae, and therefore the father of Danaus and the ancestor of Turnus. Roman
Deity name
"Ksantiparmata"
Buddhist A philosophical deity
Goddess name
"Numeria or Numerius"
Roman A praenomen given to those who were born quickly; and that women in childbirth were accustomed to pray to a goddess Numeria, who must have been a deity of some importance, as the pontifex mentioned her in the ancient prayers. Roman
Deity name
"Amen"
Egypt A primordial creation deity
Deity name
"Amida"
Buddhist / Japan A primordial deity
Deity name
"Tonacaciahutl"
Aztec A primordial deity that is the self created, eternal, female principle
Deity name
"Erebos"
Greek / Roman A primordial deity, different
Deity name
"Soko"
Nigeria A rather vague and abstract concept, referring more to a mysterious impersonal power than to a personified deity. Nupe, Nigeria
Deity name
"Munisvara"
Hindu / Dravidian A regional Tamil deity who is popular amongst the least Sanskritized social groups of South India specifically Tamil Nadu. Hindu / Dravidian
God name
"Enbilulu"
Sumerian A river god in charge of the sacred rivers Tigris and Euphrates. He was also the deity of canals, irrigation and farming. Sumerian
Deity name
"Triton"
Greek A sea deity, who dwells with Father Neptune in a golden palace at the bottom of the sea. The chief employment of tritons is to blow a conch to smooth the sea when it is ruffled.
Goddess name
"Sirona"
European / Celtic A sky Goddess and a deity of the Sun. European / Celtic
Deity name
"Kinich Ahau"
Mayan A solar deity and father of Itzamna. Mayan
Deity name
"Ansa"
Hindu / Puranic A solar deity and one of the Adityas.Hindu / Puranic
God name
"Lahurati"
Elamite / Iran A solar deity. Appears to have been the counterpart of the Akkadian god Ninurta. Elamite / Iran
Deity name
"Ningirsu"
Sumeria A solar deity. Sumeria
Deity name
"Basosenin"
Japan A stellar deity, one of the Nijuhachibushu. Japan
Deity name
"Ma"
Comana A warlike deity identified by the Greeks with Enyo and by the Romans with Bellona. Comana
Deity name
"Cay"
Mayan A water deity. Mayan
God name
"Mukta Devi"
India A wife of Dharma Thakuli invoked for fertility. Fertility deity, prosperity, and healing god. India
Deity name
"Cagn Mantis"
Africa According to the Hottentots and the Bushman the supreme deity and creator of the world whose loves are ‘pleasing' and it is especially attached to the moon, having made it out of one of its old shoes. Africa
God name
"Ta-No-Kami"
Shinto / Japan Agricultural deity. A generic name for several gods of crops and harvests. May also be identified as a mountain KAMI....
God name
"Waka-Toshi-No-Kami"
Shinto / Japan Agricultural god. The deity specifically concerned with the growing of young rice. A son of Ha-Yama-To-No-Kami and O-GeTsu-Hime. Generally served by Buddhist priests. See also WAKA-SA-NA-ME-NO-KAMI and KUKU-TOSHI-NO-KAMI....
Goddess name
"Waka-Sa-Na-Me-No-Kami"
Shinto / Japan Agricultural goddess. The deity specifically concerned with the transplanting of young rice. A daughter of Ha-Yama-To-No-Kami and O-Ge-Tsu-Hime. Generally served by Buddhist priests. See also WAKA-TOSHI-NO-KAMI and KUKU-TOSHI-NO-KAMI....
Deity name
"Abraxas"
Greek Aka Abraxis, Abrsax, viewed as the supreme deity and the source of Divine emanations, the ruler of all the 365 heavens, or circles of creation--one for each day of the year. The number 365 corresponds to the numerical value of the seven Greek letters that form the word abraxas. The name Abraxas was taken from abra-cadabra.
Deity name
"Khonsu"
Egypt Aka Chons, Khensu, Khons, Khonsu or Khonshu, is an ancient lunar deity, from before formal structure was given to a pantheon. His name reflects the fact that the moon travels across the night sky, for it means The Wanderer, and also had the titles Embracer, Pathfinder, and Defender, as he was thought to watch over night travelers. Egypt
Deity name
"Abracax"
Greek Also written Abraxas or Abrasax, in Persian mythology denotes the Supreme Being. In Greek notation it stands for 365. In Persian mythology Abracax presides over 365 impersonated virtues, one of which is supposed to prevail on each day of the year. In the second century the word was employed by the Basilidians for the deity; it was also the principle of the Gnostic hierarchy, and that from which sprang their numerous Æons.
Deity name
"Amaethon / Amathaon"
Celtic Amaethon aka Amathaon ‘great ploughman', was a son of Don and an agricultural deity. Celtic
Deity name
"Ame no Uzume no Mikoto"
Japan / Shinto Ame no Uzume no Mikoto, heavenly deity of Divine movement, meditation, marriage and joy. Japan / Shinto
God name
"Amen aka Amoun"
Egypt Amun, Amon, Ammon. "Hidden God"; "Great Father." Phallic deity sometimes pictured with the head of a ram and other times pictured as a man with a crown with two tall straight plumes. He rules over reproduction, fertility, generation, wind, air, prophecy, Agriculture. Egypt
God name
"Amun"
Egyptian An Egyptian deity who combined with the Sun god to become Amun-Re, Amun was paramount in the Egyptian pantheon during the height of the pharaonic empire.
Deity name
"Bethel"
Canaanite An ancient Canaanite deity which can be found in Jeremiah
Deity name
"Tanga-tango"
Peruvian An ancient deity who existed before anything else. Peruvian
Deity name
"Ame-No-Kagase-Wo"
Japan / Shinto An astral deity that had to be executed
God name
"Abandinus"
Celtic An obscure Celtic deity, possibly a river-god. He is currently known only from a single inscription from Godmanchester in Cambridgeshire, England: a bronze votive feather is dedicated to him with the fragmentary text "to the god Abandinus, Vatiaucus gave this from his own resources" inscribed on a plaque.
God name
"Ningishzida"
Sumerian An underworld Mesopotamian deity, the patron of Medicine, and also a God of nature. His name in Sumerian means "lord of the good tree". Sumerian
Deity name
"Bomazi"
Congo Ancestral deity of the Bushongo and other peoples of the Congo.
Goddess name
"Futo-Tama"
Shinto / Japan Ancestral god. A significant deity in mythology because he took part in the divination and ritual necessary before the process of drawing the Sun goddess AMATERASU out of her cave could begin. He collected together various magical objects, pushed forward the perfect Divine mirror, recited the sacred liturgy and begged Amaterasu never again to hide her face. The guardian of Prince NINIGI, ancestor of the imperial dynasty, Futo-Tama is more specifically the ancestor of the Imba clan in Japan....
Goddess name
"Ninigi (Prince)"
Shinto / Japan Ancestral god. The deity who, according to tradition, is the heir apparent of the Sun goddess Amaterasu. He was sent to earth from heaven to rule at the behest of the gods. His parents are Taka-Mi-Musubi and Ame-No-OshiHo-Mimi and he takes the title of “divine grandchild.” He is the ancestral deity of the imperial dynasties....
Spirit name
"Lar Familiaris"
Roman Ancestral spirit. A personal and vaguely defined deity brought into the house from the surrounding land....
God name
"Cromm Cruaich"
Ireland Ancient deity, a harvest, death and sacrificial God. It is thought human sacrifices were once made to him at Samhain. Ireland
God name
"Kave"
Finland Ancient god of sky, later the deity of the lunar cycle. Father of Väinämöinen. Also Kaleva.
Deity name
"Atua I Raropuka Tikpoa"
Polynesia Another creator deity
Goddess name
"Ipy aka Ipet"
Egypt Apet, Opet, a benign hippopotamus goddess known as a protective and nourishing deity. Egypt
Demon name
"Garuda (the devourer)"
Hindu / Vedic Archaic Sun god and Divine vehicle. Originally depicted as a solar deity, Garuda evolved into a bird-like human hybrid who became the deified mount of VIS'NU. Also a chief adversary of nagas (snake-like demons), which he devours. In early depictions Garuda has a parrot's beak. Said to have been born from an egg, the son of Vinata and KASYAPA. Epithets include Amrtaharana, Garutman, Tarksya. Attributes: conch, club, lotus and nectar, but may also bear the attributes of Vis'nu.(2) Mount or vahana of VAJRAPANI. Buddhist. Attributes: flower, horse-head, noose, skin and staff. Three-eyed and three-headed....
God name
"Ki (the great one)"
Mesopotamian / Sumerian Archetypal chthonic principle. According to some traditions, Ki is the daughter of ANS'AR and KIS'AR and consort of AN. As the cosmos came into being, An took the role of god of heaven and Ki became the personification of the earth and underworld. She is the mother of the god of the air, ENLIL, with whom she descended from the heavens. Some authorities argue that she was never regarded as a deity. There is no evidence of a cult and the name appears in a limited number of Sumerian creation texts. The name URAS (tilth) may relate.See also ANTU(M)....
Goddess name
"Arnamentia"
Wales Arnamentia Goddess of spring waters who was once a minor solar deity. Healing and purification. Wales
Deity name
"Vitzilipuztli"
Aztec / Mesoamerican Aspect of HUITZILPOCHTLI. Invoked twice a year, in May and December, during an agrarian festival. Virginal female worshipers created an image of the deity from dough consisting of maize flour, beet seed and honey. The image was given eyes and teeth using pieces of colored glass and whole maize seeds and was paraded, before being broken into pieces and eaten as a form of sacrament....
Goddess name
"Atars'amain (morning star of heaven)"
Pre - Islamic northern / central Arabian Astral deity of uncertain gender. Worshiped particularly by the Is”amme tribe, but revered widely among other Arabs. Known from circa 800 BC and identified in letters of the Assyrian kings Es”arhaddon and Assurbanipal. May be synonymous with the Arab goddess ALLAT whose cult was centered on Palmyra....
Deity name
"Hokushin-O-Kami"
Japan Astral deity, Ursa Minor Japan / Shinto
Deity name
"Houushin-O-Kami"
Shinto / Japan Astral deity. The apotheosis of the “little bear,” Ursa Minor....
God name
"Ame-No-Kagase-Wo"
Shinto / Japan Astral deity. The most important of the star KAMI said to have been executed by the god FUTSU-NUSHI because he would not be pacified during the process of cosmic genesis....
Planet name
"Saturnus"
Roman Astral god. Identified with the planet Saturn, but thought to have originated as an agricultural deity concerned with sowing of seed. A sanctuary existed on the Roman forum from as early as 450 BC, also functioning as the imperial treasury. Saturnus was celebrated in the Saturnalia festival (December 17-19) during which masters and slaves exchanged roles and candles were given as gifts to symbolize the Winter darkness....
Spirit name
"Akasagarbha (essence of tbe sky)"
Buddhist / Mahayana / / Lamaist / Tibet Astral god. One of the BODHISATTVAS or spiritual meditation buddhas. He lives in the “womb of the sky.” Color: green. Attributes: Book, jewel, lotus and Sun disc. Also Khagarbha. In Japanese Buddhism this deity becomes the god Kokuzo....
Goddess name
"Coyolxauhqui (golden bells)"
Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Astral goddess. A deification and incarnation (avatara) of the moon. According to tradition she is the half-sister of the Sun god HUITZILOPOCHTLI. The god sprang, fully armed, from his decapitated mother, COATLICUE, and engaged all his enemies who, by inference, are the 400 astral gods, his half-brothers. He slew his sister and hurled her from the top of a mountain. Alternative tradition suggests his sister was an ally whom he was unable to save, so he decapitated her and threw her head into the sky, where she became the moon. She was represented in the Great Temple at Tenochtitlan, where she was depicted in front of successive Huitzilopochtli pyramids. She is also a hearth deity within the group classed as the XIUHTECUHTLI complex....
Goddess name
"Sarama (the nimble one)"
Hindu / Vedic, Epic / Puranic Attendant goddess. She acts as a messenger to the god INDRA and guards his herds. In later Hindu texts Sarama is reputedly the mother of all dogs and is given the epithet the “bitch of heaven.” The Rg Veda accounts her as having punished the minor deity Panis for stealing cows....
Deities name
"Bacabs"
Mayan / Mesoamerican / Mexico Attendant gods. Four deities identified with points of the compass and colors, thus Hobnil (red) resides in the east, Can Tzicnal (white) in the north, Zac Cimi (black) in the west and Hozanek (yellow) in the south. They are also identified as the Toliloch (opossum actors) in the Codex Dresden, where each carries the image of the ruling god for the incoming year on his back. Hobnil is also a patron deity of beekeepers....
God name
"Baiame / Baayami / Baayama"
Australia Baiame aka Baayami or Baayama, the ancestor and patron god of the Kamilaroi. He is a sky god and a deity of death and life, and a god of Rain and the shamans. Australia
Goddess name
"Nin-Anna"
Babylon Beer goddess was a venerable and long-lasting deity. All hail to the ale. Babylon
Deity name
"Belatu-Cadros aka Belatucadros"
Britain Belatucadrus, "fair shining one" or "fair slayer", a deity worshipped in northern Britain, particularly in Cumberland and Westmorland. He may be related to Belenus and Cernunnos, equated with Mars.
Goddess name
"Nirmali"
Kafir / Afghanistan Birth goddess. Goddess of the childbirth but usually separated from the rest of the village. She is invoked by women during labor or menstruation. Her sacred animal is the ram. There is an argument that she is, in fact, a manifestation of the goddess Disani rather than a distinct deity. Also Shuwe....
Goddess name
"Armkis [Greek]"
Egypt / Upper Birth goddess. Minor deity with cult centers in lower Nubia and at Elephantine. She is variously the daughter of RE, and of KHNUM and SATIS. Anukis lives in the cataracts of the Lower Nile. Her portrait appears in the Temple of Rameses II at Beit-et-Wali where she suckles the pharaoh, suggesting that she is connected with birth and midwifery, but she also demonstrates a malignant aspect as a strangler (see HATHOR). Her sacred animal is the gazelle. Depicted anthropomorphically wearing a turban (modius) with ostrich feathers. Also Anuket (Egyptian)....
Goddess name
"AVALOKITESVARA (merciful lord)"
Buddhist / India Bodhisattva or buddhadesignate. One of the most important deities of the Mahayana sect of Buddhism. In Lamaism he is the tutelary god of Tibet. He equates with VIS NU in Hinduism and bears links with PADMAPANI. In cosmic mythology he is a creator deity. Color: white or red. Attributes: blue lotus, image of Amitabha (topmost pyramidal head), lotus, rosary, sword and water jar. NOTE: in Chinese Buddhism he is represented by the goddess Kuan-Tin, and in Japanese by KWANNON....
Deity name
"Akert khentet auset[s]"
Egypt Book of the Dead deity. Egypt
Deity name
"Tiamat"
Chaldean Chaldean serpent, slain by Bel, the chief deity.
Deity name
"Isten"
Hungary Chief deity Hungary
Deity name
"Akuj"
Africa Chief deity associated with the sky. Turkana Africa
Deity name
"Kunitokotatchi"
Japan / Shinto Chief deity. Japan / Shinto
God name
"Hastehogan"
Navaho / USA Chief house god. Also a god of farming identified with the west and the sky at Sunset. Regarded as a benevolent deity who aids mankind and cures disease. Believed to live in a cave system near San Juan. He also has a malevolent aspect in which he can cast evil spells. His priest wears a blue mask, at the bottom of which is a horizontal yellow band representing evening light, with eight vertical black strokes representing Rain. It is decorated with eagle and owl feathers....
Goddess name
"Hastsebaad"
Navaho / USA Chief of goddesses. She is involved in rites of exorcism and wields considerable influence. The six goddesses of the tribe all wear identical masks, and in ritual the part of the deity is played by a boy or small man wearing a mask which covers the entire head and neck, and who is almost naked but for an ornate scarf on the hips and a leather belt decorated with silver and with a fox pelt dangling behind. The skin is painted white....
God name
"Hastseyalti (talking elder)"
Navaho / USA Chief of gods. Not regarded as a creator deity, but god of the dawn and the eastern sky. Also guardian of animals in the hunt and, possibly, of corn. Regarded as a benevolent deity who aids mankind and cures disease. He also has a malevolent aspect in which he can cast evil spells. His priest invokes him in a ceremonial dance wearing a white mask with a symbol consisting of a corn stalk with two ears. At the bottom is a horizontal yellow band representing evening light, with eight vertical black strokes representing Rain. Also Yebitsai....
Deity name
"Dalai-Lama"
Tibet Chief of the two Tartar priests and a sort of incarnate deity. The other lama is called the "Tesho-lama." Tibet
God name
"Sulman(u)"
Mesopotamian / Babylonian - Akkadian / / western Semitic Chthonic and fertility deity. Also identified as a war god. Found in Assyria circa 1400 BC to 700 BC and known from Bronze Age inscriptions at Sidon....
God name
"Tifenua (lord of the land)"
Polynesian / Tikopia Chthonic fertility god. He is linked with the sea god FAIVARONGO and with the sky god ATUA I KAFIKA. His father is Pusiuraura, a powerful deity personified by the reef eel, and his mother is one of the Sa-Nguti-Te-Moana. Also Pu-I-Te-Moana....
Goddess name
"Ih P'eu"
Mayan / Mesoamerican / Mexico Chthonic fertility god. The deity concerned with the growth of plants, and consort of the bean goddess IX KANAN. He is also god of family life, property and other wealth. The couple are invoked as a single personality with the sacrificeof turkeys and chickens at sowing time. Ih Fen may be represented sowing maize seed....
Goddess name
"Asase Yaa"
Ashanti / Ghana, West Africa Chthonic fertility goddess. A major deity revered over a wide area of Akanand Fante-speaking Ghana. She has no temples or priests but days (Thursdays) are set aside in her honor and no ploughing is permitted. By tradition a farmer sacrifices a cockerel to her each year to ensure a good harvest, sprinkling the blood on the ground. As the womb of the earth, she represents the goddess of the dead and she is also goddess of truth. Also Asase Efua (Fante)....
Goddess name
"Ala"
Ibo / eastern Nigeria, West Africa Chthonic fertility goddess. A popular deity who is also goddess of the underworld linked with a cult of the dead (which rest in her womb). Her temple is the Mbari which contains a cult statue depicting the goddess seated with a child in her arms and adorned with the crescent moon. She is flanked by attendant deities. She enjoys a profusion of local shrines which are well supplied with votive offerings. Serious crimes including murder are considered to be offenses against her. An annual yam festival is celebrated in her honor. Also Ale, Ana, ANI....
God name
"Zemepatis"
Pre - Christian Lithuanian Chthonic god. A tutelary deity of farmers and guardian of cattle....
God name
"Midir"
Celtic / Irish Chthonic god. Appears in polymorphic form. According to legend the consort of Etain and ruler of the land of Mag Mor. He lost an eye when hit by a hazel wand; the eye was replaced by DIANCECHT, the physician god. In Roman times he became more of an underworld deity. Also Mider....
God name
"Ninazu"
Mesopotamian / Sumerian Chthonic god. Less frequently encountered in the texts than NERGAL. Son of ENLIL and NINLIL or, in alternative traditions, of ERES KIGAL and the father of Ning-is-zida. The patron deity of Es nunna until superseded by TISPAK. His sanctuaries are the E-sikil and E-kurma. Also identified as a god of healing, he is (unlike Nergal) generally benevolent....
God name
"Ah Uuc Ticab"
Mayan / Mesoamerican / Mexico Chthonic god. Minor fertility and vegetation deity....
Goddess name
"Zemyna"
Pre - Christian Lithuanian Chthonic goddess. A deity with responsibility for vegetation andcrops. She was invoked at sowing and harvesting times....
Goddess name
"Tari Peennu"
Indian / Khond Chthonic goddess. Created by the sky gods BOORA PENNU and BELLA PENNU so as to conceive the rest of the pantheon. She is identified as a malevolent deity, the subject of regular propitiation human sacrifices in the notorious meriah rituals in Orissa province....
Goddess name
"Tellus"
Roman Chthonic primordial earth mother. A corn deity, generally regarded as benevolent, but also a goddess of the dead. Enemy armies were offered to her and cursed in her name. Both she and the corn goddess CERES were propitiated with human sacrifice. Also TERRA MATER....
Goddess name
"Kebechet"
Egypt Chthonic snake goddess. The daughter of ANUBIS who was involved in the cult of the dead as the deity responsible for libations. She is depicted as a serpent....
God name
"Shango"
Yoruba / Nigeria, West Africa Chthonic storm god. As an earth deity he was once a mortal man, the king of Oyo, who transformed himself into an immortal. According to tradition, during his life he breathed tongues of fire. He then ascended into the sky by climbing a golden chain and became the god of thunder and lightning. He is also god of justice, punishing thieves and liars. His consorts include OYA, Oshun and Oba. Cult followers of Shango are believed to be able to make lightning strike an adversary. In shrines to Shango, the image of the god is adorned with a ram's head. Also SANGO....
God name
"Am-Heh"
Egypt Chthonic underworld god. A minor deity said to inhabit a lake of fire. The so-called “devourer of the millions.” Depicted with the head of a hound....
God name
"Manmngal"
Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian Chthonic underworld god. A minor deity, the consort of birdU....
Spirit name
"Ba-Pef"
Egypt Chthonic underworld god. An obscure malevolent deity known from the Old kingdom (circa 2700 BC) in which he may have enjoyed a priesthood. According to limited references among the Pyramid Texts, he had a cult following and was associated in some way with pain or spiritual anguish affecting the king....
God name
"Sokar"
Egypt Chthonic underworld god. Guardian deity of the necropolis at Memphis with possible fertility connotations and with strong links to OSIRIS beside whom he is also perceived as a restored god of the dead. He is also syncretized with the Memphis creator god PTAH in the Old kingdom (circa 4500 BC), where he may have originated as a god of various crafts associated with the manufacture of funerary trappings. He is depicted either as a hawk on a boat, or in human form with the head of a hawk and an elaborate atef crown (see Osiris). Sokar also enjoyed a major cult at Thebes where, in an annual festival celebrating the healthy continuation of the Divine kingship, he was conveyed in an elaborate barque. Also Sokaris (Greek)....
Goddess name
"Andjety"
Egypt / Lower Chthonic underworld god. Minor deity in anthropomorphic form known from the Pyramid Texts. Identified with the ninth nome (district). Responsible for rebirth in the afterlife and regarded as a consort of several fertility goddesses. He was revered at Busiris where he clearly heralded the cult of Osiris. Attributes: high conical crown (similar to the atef crown of Osiris) decorated with two tall plumes, crook and flail. In early Pyramid Texts, the feathers are replaced by a bicornuate uterus.See also Osiris....
God name
"Areimanios"
Greek Chthonic underworld god. Probably derived from the Persian deity AHRIMAN. Plutarch identifies him as the embodiment of HADES....
God name
"Arawn"
Celtic / Welsh Chthonic underworld god. The leader of the phantom hunt seen chasing a white stag with a pack of red-eared hounds. He equates with GWYNN AP NUDD, a similar deity known in South Wales. His chief underworld opponent is Hafgan and he bribes PWYLL, prince of Dyfed, to challenge Hafgan in exchange for a gift of pigs....
Goddess name
"Styx"
Greek Chthonic underworld goddess. A daughter of OKEANOS and TETHYS, and mother of NIKE. The deity of the river Styx beside which the gods swear their oaths....
Goddess name
"Hetepes-Sekhus"
Egypt Chthonic underworld goddess. A minor deity accompanied by a retinue of crocodiles. As one of the manifestations of the vengeful “eye of RE,” she destroys the souls of the adversaries of the underworld ruler OSIRIS. Depicted as a cobra or anthropomorphically with a cobra's head....
Goddess name
"Ammut (devouress of the dead)"
Egypt Chthonic underworld goddess. A significant deity who allegedly consumes the dead if their hearts are found weighed down with guilt in the Judgment Hall of the Two Truths during the Weighing of the Heart ceremony. Ammut has a fearsome aspect and sits alongside forty-two juror gods named in the Book of the Dead. Depicted with the head of a crocodile, the trunk and fore-limbs of a lion and the hind part of a hippopotamus.See also THOTH and MAAT....
Goddess name
"Sulis"
Roman / Celtic Chthonic underworld goddess. Also a deity concerned with knowledge and prophecy. The tutelary goddess of the thermal waters at Bath, England, she is closely linked with the Roman goddess MINERVA....
Deities name
"Umashi-Ashi-Kabi-Hiko-Ji-No-Kami (pleasant reed shoot prince elder deity)"
Shinto / Japan Creator being. The fourth of the deities to be listed in the Kojiki sacred text. He was engendered from the reeds floating on the pri mordial waters and is perceived as a remote and vague figure who hides himself from mankind....
Deities name
"Kami-Musubi-No-Kami (divine producing wondrous deity)"
Shinto / Japan Creator being. The third in the list of primordial deities appearing in the Kojiki and Nibongi sacred texts. A remote and vaguely defined deity who was born alone in the cosmos and whose presence remains hidden from mankind. Probably influenced by Chinese religion....
Deity name
"Atua I Raropuka"
Polynesia Creator deity Tikopia / Polynesia
Deity name
"Qoluncotun"
Nativ American Creator deity of the Sinkaietk who, angered by the ingratitude of their ancestors, hurled a star at the earth, which burst into flames. Southern Okanagon
God name
"Venda"
Dravidian Creator god, an ancient vegetation deity Dravidian / Tamil
God name
"Prthu"
Hindu Creator god, noble king who ruled over India, mentioned in Vedic texts. This deity is head of the solar pantheon and introduced Agriculture to humankind. Hindu
God name
"Weri Kumbamba"
Gishu / Uganda, East Africa Creator god. A deity embodied in rocks and specifically invoked before and after circumcision to ensure the speedy recovery of the patient....
God name
"Mbotumbo"
Baule / Ivory Coast, West Africa Creator god. A generally benevolent guardian deity with the head of an ape....
Spirit name
"Wakai Taaika"
Dakota Indian / USA Creator god. A remote and vaguely defined deity invoked by the shamans of the tribe. Also a generic term equating to the spirit which, in an animistic and shamanistic religion, all things existing in nature possess....
Spirit name
"Wakonea"
Omaha Indian / USA Creator god. A remote and vaguely defined deity invoked by the shamans of the tribe. Also a generic term equating to the spirit which, in an animistic and shamanistic religion, all things existing in nature possess....
God name
"Nahui Oiiin (earthquake sun)"
Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Creator god. According to most of the codices, at the time of the Spanish conquest there had been four previous world ages, each represented by a Sun and terminated by a cataclysm. Ollin, the fifth Sun, was created at Teotihuacan and at the conquest was just under 2,000 years old. It is presided over by the god TONATIUH. Each creation is considered to last 2028 x 52 terrestrial years and the present one is destined to be destroyed by a great earthquake. Tradition has it that Ollin was originally a sickly or humble deity named NANAHUATL (the diseased one). Also (4)Ollin; Ollintonatiuh....
God name
"Venda"
Dravidian / Tamil / southern India Creator god. An ancient vegetation deity. Worshiped in villages on the plains, thought to live in trees and equated with Indra....
God name
"Kumarbi"
Hittite / Hurrian Creator god. An antique deity who was usurped by more “modern” gods. He is the father of Ullikummi in Hittite legend....
God name
"Seyon (the red one)"
Dravidian / Tamil / southern India / Sri Lanka Creator god. An early deity associated particularly with hilly regions in parts of southern India and thought to live in trees. Also Muruga....
God name
"Nediyon"
Early Dravidian / Tamil / southern India Creator god. Equates with a syncretization of VISNU and KRSNA. The name implies a deity of tall stature. Sangam texts describe him wearing a golden robe. Attributes: conch, prayer wheel and lotus. Also Neduvel....
Spirit name
"Tate"
Sioux / USA Creator god. He appears in the clouds, his voice is the wind and he controls the changing of the seasons. He is also the guide of the spirits of the dead. He is the deity with whom the Sioux shamans intercede....
God name
"Tonatiuh (soaring eagle)"
Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Creator god. He presides over the fifth (present) world age, personified by the Sun Ollin and destined to end in a cataclysmic earthquake. He is the ruler of the fourth of the thirteen heavens known at the time of the Spanish conquest; also called Ilhuicatl Tonatiuh (the heaven of the Sun). In other texts, specifically codices Borgia, Cospi and Fejervary-Mayer, he is depicted as a temple deity....
God name
"Kukulcan"
Mayan / Mesoamerican / Mexico Creator god. Kukulcan is, in origin, a Toltec god who was adopted by the Mayan culture and who corresponds closely with the Aztec deity QUETZALCOATL. He is chiefly concerned with reincarnation, but is also responsible for the elements of fire, earth and water. He is depicted with various attributes, including a torch or a lizard representing fire, maize for earth, and a fish for water. Also God B....
Deities name
"Panao"
Kafir / Afghanistan Creator god. Local deity worshiped in Ashkun villages in southwestern Kafiristan. Also a generic title for deities controlling the natural world and said to live in the mountains. These include Lutkari Panao (fertility), Saramun Panao (health), Plossa Panao (rain and good health), Passamun Panao (rain and good health), Indermun Panao (fruit and wine), and Malek Panao (nut trees). These gods were generally worshiped in sacred open spaces where their wooden images were regularly drenched with blood sacrifices....
God name
"Mal"
Early Dravidian / Tamil Creator god. Probably equating with a syncretization of VIS'NU and KRSNA. The name implies a deity of great stature. In Sangam texts, his face is like the moon, his eyes are lotuses and his CAKRA is the beams of the Sun. Also TIRUMAL....
God name
"Tino Taata"
Polynesian / Society Islands Creator god. Probably regarded as the tutelary deity who engendered mankind and equating therefore to the more widely recognized Polynesian god TANGAROA....
God name
"Lisa"
Fon / others / Benin, West Africa Creator god. Probably the equivalent of LESA in parts of East Africa. The supreme deity, whose more or less monotheistic role may have been influenced by the spread of Islam and Christianity....
God name
"Kalrnga"
Ndonga / northern Namibia, southern Africa Creator god. Said to take the form of a giant man who is always partially hidden by clouds and generally seen only by women intermediaries known as nelagos who go to converse with him in sacred places. He is the father of MUSISI. The god is invoked at times of warfare and illness, but also as a fertility deity and before making a journey....
Spirit name
"Kwoith"
Nuer / Sudan Creator god. The Nuer people have been affected by the expansion of Islam, and probably by Christianity, and recognize a supreme deity, or spiritual being, responsible for all creation. One of his epithets is Tutgar, meaning “strong and without limit.”...
God name
"Ohoroxtotil (god almighty)"
Mayan / Mesoamerican / Mexico Creator god. The creator of the Sun and the deity who made the world inhabitable for mankind by destroying the jaguars which once infested it....
God name
"Manohel-Tohel"
Mayan / Mesoamerican / Mexico Creator god. The deity concerned specifically with the creation of mankind, giving mortals body and soul and leading them from the caves into the light....
God name
"Osanobua"
Edo / Benin, West Africa Creator god. The father of the god OLOKUN, he is regarded as a benevolent deity controlling prosperity, health and happiness....
God name
"Hunab Ku"
Mayan / Yucatec, Mesoamerican / Mexico Creator god. The greatest deity in the pantheon, no image is created of Hunab Ku since he is considered to be without form. His son is the iguana god, ITZAM NA, and he may have become the Mayan counterpart of the Christian god....