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God Name and Meaning

List of Gods : "deity"   (200++ records)

NameOrigin Description
Demon name
"Kankala(murti)"
A violent / heavily armed aspect of SIVA Minor god. Traditionally accompanied in artworks by a skeleton, Kankala takes his place in mythology as the representation of the deity who slew V ISNU'S bodyguard VISVAKSENA. This was prompted by the refusal of Visvaksena to permit Siva an audience with Vis'nu. These illustrations were designed by Saivites as part of a propaganda exercise to demonstrate the superiority of Siva over Vis'nu....
Spirit name
"Gunnodoyak"
A youthful heroic deity who was once mortal Iroquois (North American Indian). He was empowered by the spirit of thunder, Hino, to conquer the Great water Snake, enemy of humankind. The serpent devoured Gunnodoyak but was then slain by Hino, who cut open the snake, recovered the body of Gunnodoyak and returned him to his rightful place in heaven....
Deity name
"Prakde Kafir"
Afghanistan Local deity Afghanistan
Deity name
"Akuj"
Africa Chief deity associated with the sky. Turkana Africa
Deity name
"Akuj Akuj"
Africa The chief deity
Deity name
"Aziri"
Africa A deity of salty waters, candies and confectionary. Africa
Deity name
"Cagn Mantis"
Africa According to the Hottentots and the Bushman the supreme deity and creator of the world whose loves are ‘pleasing' and it is especially attached to the moon, having made it out of one of its old shoes. Africa
Spirit name
"Olokun"
Africa The patron orisa of the descendants of Africans that were carried away during the Maafa, the Transatlantic Slave Trade or Middle Passage. Olokun works closely with Oya, deity of Sudden Change, and Egungun, Collective Ancestral spirits, to herald the way for those that pass to ancestorship, as it plays a critical role in death (Iku), Life and the transition of human beings and spirits between these two existences.
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God name
"Ryangombe"
Africa Tutelary god and ancestral deity. Rwanda, Africa
Deity name
"Umlimo"
Africa The creator deity of the Amantebele (Zulu). South Africa
Deity name
"Waaq"
Africa The supreme and universal deity who the universe with opposing but complementary and interdependent forces such as night and day, young and old, in fine balance. Oromo. East Africa
God name
"Nin-Ildu"
Akkadia God of carpenters who is a minor tutelary deity Babylon / Mesopotamia / Akkadia
God name
"Samas"
Akkadia God of the Sun and patron deity of Sippa and Larsa Babylon / Mesopotamia / Akkadia
Deity name
"Ardhanari aka Ardhanarishvara"
Ammaiappan / Naranari Is an androgynous deity composed of Shiva and his consort Shakti, representing the synthesis of masculine and feminine energies. Ammaiappan / Naranari
Deity name
"Wodan"
Anglo-Saxon The deity in Anglo-Saxon polytheism corresponding to Norse Odin, both continuations of a Proto-Germanic deity, Wodanaz. Other West Germanic forms of the name include Dutch Wodan, Alemannic Wuodan, and German Wotan.
Spirit name
"Osande"
Angola Guardian deity and the spirit of the much-honoured founder of the family of man. Ovimbundu, Angola
God name
"Osande Ovimbundu"
Angola A benevolent god that is a guardian deity
Deity name
"Gaeto-Syrus"
Arab Scythian solar deity.
Deity name
"Yagute"
Arabian A deity depicted in the form of a lion. Arabian
Deity name
"Datin"
Arabic A deity worshipped in pre-Islamic northern Arabia. Datin was an oracular deity also associated with oaths and justice. Arabic
Deity name
"Odomankomo"
Asante The creator of all things and a supreme deity. Asante
Goddess name
"Asase Yaa"
Ashanti / Ghana, West Africa Chthonic fertility goddess. A major deity revered over a wide area of Akanand Fante-speaking Ghana. She has no temples or priests but days (Thursdays) are set aside in her honor and no ploughing is permitted. By tradition a farmer sacrifices a cockerel to her each year to ensure a good harvest, sprinkling the blood on the ground. As the womb of the earth, she represents the goddess of the dead and she is also goddess of truth. Also Asase Efua (Fante)....
Deity name
"Ashur"
Assyria The chief deity of war & fertility
Goddess name
"Ishtar"
Assyrian / Babylon A mother goddess, fertility goddess, the goddess of spring, a storm goddess, a warrior goddess and goddess of war, a goddess of the hunt, a goddess of love, goddess of marriage and childbirth, and a goddess of fate. She was also an underworld deity, her twin sister being Ereshkigal, the Goddess of death, but her dominant aspects are as the mother goddess of compassion and the goddess of love, sex and war. Assyrian / Babylon
Deity name
"Abracadabra"
Assyrians A charm. It is said that Abracadabra was the supreme deity of the Assyrians. Q. Severus Sammonicus recommended the use of the word as a powerful antidote against ague, flux, and toothache. The word was to be written on parchment, and suspended round the neck by a linen thread.
God name
"Tuuemliri"
Australasia God of passage. Local deity of several tribes in New South Wales. Said to oversee the transition from adolescence to manhood. The initiate was taken away by the god, “killed,” restored to life and endured a tooth being knocked out to signify the arrival of adulthood and full incorporation into the society of the tribe. Also DIaramulun....
God name
"Baiame / Baayami / Baayama"
Australia Baiame aka Baayami or Baayama, the ancestor and patron god of the Kamilaroi. He is a sky god and a deity of death and life, and a god of Rain and the shamans. Australia
Deities name
"Numbakulla"
Australia Were two sky gods who created all life on earth, including humans, from the Inapertwa. Afterwards, they became lizards. The Numakulla are sometimes described as a dual-aspect deity rather than two separate deities. Australia
Demon name
"Darawigal"
Australian aboriginal Personification of evil. This demonic deity stands opposed to BAIAME, the creator spirit who represents good in the world. He is generally recognized as an offspring of Baiame who once lived in the sky but fell from grace during the Dreamtime and was sent to the underworld as its ruler. From there he now dispenses death and sickness....
Goddess name
"Gunabibi"
Australian aboriginal Creator goddess. Also known as Kunapipi, she is extensively revered by aborigines in northern Australia, including the Yolngu people. Her cult bears some similarity to that of the Greek mother goddess DEMETER and to Tantric cults in India. For this reason the cult is thought to have been introduced from Asia to Arnhem Land and then to other parts of the Australian continent as early as the sixth century. Mythology indicates that Gunabibi has been perceived as a deity who came from the sea or the rivers during the Dreamtime but who reigns now over dry land. Among modern aborigines she is the subject of esoteric rituals which also involve the great serpent Yulunggul with whom Gunabibi has been closely involved....
Goddess name
"Taiaai"
Australian aboriginal Snake god. His consorts include the snake goddesses Mantya, Tuknampa and Uka. He is revered mainly by tribal groups living on the western seaboard of the Cape York peninsula in northern queensland. Taipan has the typical attributes of many other Australian snake gods, including the Rainbow snake. He exercises judgment over life or death and possesses great wisdom, a universal characteristic of serpents. He is able to kill or cure and is the deity who originally fashioned the blood of living things during the Dreamtime. The imagery of the snake god is closely linked with aboriginal shamanism and with the healing rituals of shamans....
King name
"Mahrem"
Axumite / ancient Ethiopic kingdom Head of pantheon. A warrior deity after whom the Axumite kings titled themselves “sons of MAHREM.”...
Deity name
"Coniraya"
Aztec The deity of the moon who fashioned his sperm into a fruit, which Cavillaca then ate. Aztec
God name
"Huehueteotl"
Aztec Old god. A central Mexican / Aztec deity associated with fire
Deity name
"Omacatl"
Aztec deity of banqueting, invitations to feasts, feasting and revelery. Aztec
Deity name
"Pahtecatl"
Aztec deity who represents the plants that are used for the fermentation of pulque. Aztec
God name
"Quiahuitl"
Aztec The creator god / Sun deity of the third of the five world ages
God name
"Teoyaomqui"
Aztec The god of dead warriors, particularly those who had died in battle. He is a solar deity and the god of the sixth Hour of the Day. Aztec
Deity name
"Tonacaciahuatl"
Aztec Primordial deity who is the self created, eternal, female principle. Aztec
Deity name
"Tonacaciahutl"
Aztec A primordial deity that is the self created, eternal, female principle
Deity name
"Tonacatceuhtli"
Aztec Primordial deity who is the self created, eternal, male principle. Aztec
Deity name
"Tonachacihuatl"
Aztec The feminine primordial deity
God name
"Xipe Totec"
Aztec our lord the flayed one, was a life-death-rebirth deity, god of Agriculture, the west, disease, spring, goldsmiths and the seasons. He flayed himself to give food to humanity. Aztec
Deity name
"Vitzilipuztli"
Aztec / Mesoamerican Aspect of HUITZILPOCHTLI. Invoked twice a year, in May and December, during an agrarian festival. Virginal female worshipers created an image of the deity from dough consisting of maize flour, beet seed and honey. The image was given eyes and teeth using pieces of colored glass and whole maize seeds and was paraded, before being broken into pieces and eaten as a form of sacrament....
God name
"At"
Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Creator god. The Sun deity representing the fourth of the five world ages each of which lasted for 2,028 heavenly years, each heavenly year being fifty-two terrestrial years. Assigned to water and presided over by CHALCHIUHTLICUE. According to tradition, the age ended in a cataclysmic destruction caused by a deluge during which all the human population were turned into fish. Illustrated by the “Stone of the Four Suns” [Yale Peabody Museum]. Also 4(Atl), Atonatiuh and Chalchiutonatiuh....
Goddess name
"CHALCHIUHTLICUE (her skirt is of jade)"
Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico water goddess. Featuring strongly in creation mythology, Chalchiuhtlicue presided over the fourth of the world ages which terminated in a great deluge. She is the tutelary deity of the fourth of the thirteen heavens identified at the time of the Spanish conquest, Ilhuicatl Citlalicue (the heaven of the star-skirted goddess). She takes the role of a vegetation goddess responsible for the flowering and fruiting of the green world, particularly maize; she also takes responsibility for such natural phenomena as whirlpools. Attributes include a rattle on a baton, and her dress is adorned with waterlilies....
Goddess name
"Chantico (in the house)"
Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Hearth goddess. A household guardian deity personi fied by hearth fires. One of the deities collectively classed as the XIUHTECUHTLI complex....
Goddess name
"Chiconahui"
Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Hearth goddess. A household guardian deity personified by hearth fires. One of the deities collectively classed as the XIUHTECUHTLI complex....
Goddess name
"COATLICUE (the serpent-skirted goddess)"
Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Mother goddess. The creator goddess of the earth and mankind and the female aspect of OMETEOTL. One of the group classed as the TETEOINNAN complex. She has 400 sons, the stars of the southern sky, and is the mother of the goddess COYOLXAUHQUI. Later, as a widow, she was impregnated by a ball of feathers as she was sweeping the “serpent mountain” of Coatepec near Tula. Her other children decapitated her as punishment for her dishonor, but she gave birth to the Sun god HUITZILOPOCHTLI who subsequently slew Coyolxauhqui and her brothers, thus banishing night for day. According to tradition Coatlicue feeds off human corpses. She is also recognized as the patron deity of florists....
Goddess name
"Coyolxauhqui (golden bells)"
Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Astral goddess. A deification and incarnation (avatara) of the moon. According to tradition she is the half-sister of the Sun god HUITZILOPOCHTLI. The god sprang, fully armed, from his decapitated mother, COATLICUE, and engaged all his enemies who, by inference, are the 400 astral gods, his half-brothers. He slew his sister and hurled her from the top of a mountain. Alternative tradition suggests his sister was an ally whom he was unable to save, so he decapitated her and threw her head into the sky, where she became the moon. She was represented in the Great Temple at Tenochtitlan, where she was depicted in front of successive Huitzilopochtli pyramids. She is also a hearth deity within the group classed as the XIUHTECUHTLI complex....
Deities name
"Ehecatl"
Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Creator god. The Sun deity representing the second of the five world ages, each of which lasted for 2028 heavenly years, each heavenly year being fifty-two terrestrial years. Assigned to the air or wind and presided over by QUETZALCOATL, to whose complex of deities he belongs. According to tradition, the age ended in a cataclysmic destruction caused by hurricanes. All humanity turned into monkeys. Illustrated by the “Stone of the Four Suns” [Yale Peabody Museum]. Also (4) Ehecatl; Ehecatonatiuh....
God name
"Ehecatl-Quetzalcoatl"
Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Primordial god. A syncretization of EHECATL and QUETZALCOATL, one of four gods who support the lowest heaven at each cardinal point. He is perceived as residing in the west (codices Borgia and Vaticanus B). He is the deity who rules over the ninth of the thirteen heavens, Itztapal Nanatzcayan (where the stone slabs crash together). In a separate tradition, EhecatlQuetzalcoatl executed the monstrous god XOLOTL when he declined to offer his blood in self-sacrifice for the creation of mankind....
Goddess name
"Itzcuintli"
Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Goddess of hearths. A guardian deity of the home personified by fire. One of the group classed as the XIUHTECUHTLI complex....
God name
"Mixcoatl-Camaxtli (cloud serpent)"
Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico God of war. Also a deity of hunting and fire who received human sacrifice of captured prisoners. According to tradition, the Sun god TEZCATLIPOCA transformed himself into MIXCOATL-CAMAXTLI to make fire by twirling the sacred fire sticks....
God name
"Naguai"
Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Tutelary deity. A generic name for a personal god. A nagual generally takes the form of an animal and it may be adopted either by a mortal being or by another deity....
God name
"Nahui Oiiin (earthquake sun)"
Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Creator god. According to most of the codices, at the time of the Spanish conquest there had been four previous world ages, each represented by a Sun and terminated by a cataclysm. Ollin, the fifth Sun, was created at Teotihuacan and at the conquest was just under 2,000 years old. It is presided over by the god TONATIUH. Each creation is considered to last 2028 x 52 terrestrial years and the present one is destined to be destroyed by a great earthquake. Tradition has it that Ollin was originally a sickly or humble deity named NANAHUATL (the diseased one). Also (4)Ollin; Ollintonatiuh....
God name
"Ocelotl"
Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Creator god. The Sun deity representing the first of the five world ages, each of which lasted for 2,028 heavenly years, each heavenly year being fiftytwo terrestrial years. Assigned to the earth and presided over by TEZCATLIPOCA. According to tradition, the age was populated by a race of giants and it ended in a catalclysmic destruction caused by huge and ferocious jaguars which devoured them. Illustrated by the Stone of the Four Suns [Yale Peabody Museum]. Also Ocelotonatiuh; Yoaltonatiuh; Tlalchitonatiuh....
God name
"Quiahuitl"
Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Creator god. The Sun deity representing the third of the five world ages each of which lasted for 2,028 heavenly years, each heavenly year being fiftytwo terrestrial years. Assigned to the element fire and presided over by the Rain god TLALOC. According to tradition, the age ended in a cataclysmic destruction caused by a great fiery Rain. The human population perished and in doing so were transformed into dogs, turkeys and butterflies. Illustrated by the “Stone of the Four Suns” [Yale Peabody Museum]. Also Quiauhtonatiuh; Tletonatiuh....
God name
"Teteo Innan Teteo (gods their mother)"
Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Minor god of fire. A paternalistic deity associated with fire. One of the group classed as the XIUHTECUHTLI complex....
Deity name
"Tezcatlipoca-Itztlacoliuhqui"
Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Temple deity. One of four described in the codices Borgia, Cospi and Fejervary-Mayer....
Deities name
"Tonacacihuatl (our flesh lady)"
Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Primordial deity. In the most widely accepted Aztec cosmogony, this is the self-created, eternal, female principle who combines with TONACATECUHTLI to create all life, transferring souls from heaven to the mortal womb. It exists in the highest, thirteenth heaven and once engendered the Sun god TEZCATLIPOCA, from whom all other deities in the pantheon stemmed. One of the group classed as the Omeotl complex. Also Omecihuatl....
Deities name
"Tonacatecuhtli (our flesh lord)"
Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Primordial deity. In the most widely accepted Aztec cosmogony, this is the self-created, eternal, male principle who combines with TONACACIHUATL to create all life. It exists in the highest, thirteenth heaven and once engendered the Sun god TEZCATLIPOCA, from whom all other deities in the pantheon stemmed. Also one of the group classed as the OMETEOTL complex. According to tradition Tonacatecuhtli drove four roads through the center of the earth after the cataclysm of the fourth world age (Atl) to disperse the flood waters of the deluge. His four sons, aided by four unnamed beings, raised the fallen sky which they propped up on great trees created by Tezcatlipoca and QUETZALCOATL at the four cardinal points....
God name
"Tonatiuh (soaring eagle)"
Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Creator god. He presides over the fifth (present) world age, personified by the Sun Ollin and destined to end in a cataclysmic earthquake. He is the ruler of the fourth of the thirteen heavens known at the time of the Spanish conquest; also called Ilhuicatl Tonatiuh (the heaven of the Sun). In other texts, specifically codices Borgia, Cospi and Fejervary-Mayer, he is depicted as a temple deity....
Goddess name
"Tozi"
Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Goddess of healing. Also the deity of sweet water remedial baths....
Goddess name
"Xochiquetzal-Ichpuchtli (maiden)"
Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Minor fertility goddess. One of the group classed as the TETEOINNAN complex. Depicted as a youthful deity associated with sexual love, flowers and pleasure....
God name
"Xolotl (monster)"
Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Monstrous deity. He performed the role of executioner when the gods sacrificed themselves to create mankind. He then sacrificed himself. In alternative tradition he tried to evade his own fate, but was himself executed by EHECATL-QUETZALCOATL. Also one of a pair of twins in the group classed as the XIUHTECUHTLI complex, regarded as patron of the ball game....
Deity name
"Xolotl Naaiahuatl (rumour)"
Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Monstrous deity. One of the group classed as the XIUHTECUHTLI complex, described as a twin of XOLOTL and co-patron of ball games....
God name
"YAW (enemy)"
Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Omnipotent god. A universal and generally malevolent deity. One of the group classed as the TEZ CATLIPOCA complex....
Goddess name
"Zapotlantenan"
Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Healing goddess. deity of medicinal turpentine and ointment-dealers. One of the group classed as the TLALOC complex....
Goddess name
"Xochiquetzal"
Aztec / classi cal Mesoamerican / Mexico Goddess of fertility and childbirth. The mother of the demigoddess (unnamed) whose consort was Piltz intecuhtli and who engendered the first mortals Oxomoco and CIPACTONAL. One of the group classed as the TETEOINNAN complex. A popular deity among Aztec women, the goddess is invoked particularly to make a marriage fruitful. The bride plaits her hair and coils it around, leaving two “plumes” representing the feathers of the Quetzal which is sacred to Xochiquetzal. Pottery figurines are adorned with plumes of feathers. Worshiped at various sites, including Tula (Hidalgo). Also recognized as the patron goddess of weavers....
Goddess name
"Chicomecohuati"
Aztec / post Mesoamerican Maize goddess. [Mexico]. Her festival was held in September when a young girl was sacrificed having taken on the role of the deity for a period of time during the celebrations. She was decapitated on a heap of maize fruits and her blood was collected in a large bowl before being poured over a wooden figurine of the goddess. Finally the victim's skin was flayed off and worn by a dancing priest.See also XILONEN....
God name
"Ometecuhtli/ Olin-Tonatiuh"
Aztec / Toltec The god of duality & a supreme deity
Supreme god name
"Qa'wadliliquala Dza'wadeenox"
BC Canada Not only the Supreme God, but the guardian of the tribe as well as a river deity that insurers the salmon run
Goddess name
"Nin-Anna"
Babylon Beer goddess was a venerable and long-lasting deity. All hail to the ale. Babylon
Deity name
"Assur"
Babylon / Akkadia National deity of Assyria
Deity name
"Dumu-zi-zuab"
Babylonian A local deity. Nebo, under this name, is described as a son of the deep. Babylonian
Deity name
"Dun-shagga"
Babylonian A local deity. Babylonian
Deity name
"Gad"
Babylonian The pan-Semitic deity of fortune worshipped during the babylonian captivity.
God name
"Dabog aka Dazhbog"
Balkans Dazhdbog, Dajbog, Dachbog, one of major gods of Slavic mythology, most likely a solar deity and possibly a culture hero. Balkans
God name
"Faro"
Bambara / Mali, West Africa River god. Regarded as the deity who brought order to the world at the time of creation. He impregnated himself and gave birth to twins who were the first human beings. He is also the progenitor of fish stocks in the river Niger. His chief adversary is the god of the desert wind, TELIKO. Faro is propitiated annually by a Komo society of men in a ritual of dancing. They use a special mask which is created anew each year. According to legend Faro came to earth after a long period of drought during which most of the living things died. He also gave mankind the gift of speech....
God name
"Mbotumbo"
Baule / Ivory Coast, West Africa Creator god. A generally benevolent guardian deity with the head of an ape....
God name
"Lalaia'il"
Bella Coola Indian / British Columbia, Canada God of shamans. The deity who initiates into the shamanistic circle. He lives in the Forest and carries a wooden wand bound with cedar bark which he waves, creating a singing noise. He also frequents woodland lakes and ponds. When a woman meets him she is said to menstruate, while a man develops a nose bleed. Also Kle-klati-e'il....
God name
"Senx"
Bella Coola Indian / British Columbia, Canada Sun god. The ruler of the lower heaven, Sonx, in which is situated the home of the gods, Nusmeta (the house of myths). The only deity to whom the Bella Coola pray and make offerings. Hunters throw small pieces of mountain goat or seal flesh into a sacrificial fire. Also Ta'ata (our father); Smai'yakila (sacred one)....
God name
"Taaut"
Blavatsky deity with four eyes, two in front and two in back, and four wings. "The eyes denote that the god sees in sleep, and sleeps in waking; the position of the wings that he flies in rest, and rests in flying" Phoenician. Isis Unveiled, by H. P. Blavatsky
God name
"Kun Aymara"
Bolivia Snow god and main deity Bolivia
God name
"gSari Sgrub"
Bon / Lamaist / Tibet God. Originally a Bon deity who became syncretized as a variety of the god YAMA in Lamaism. His animal is the bull and he may appear bull-headed. Color: red. Attributes: cup, knife and prayer wheel....
God name
"Shei-Lha-Odkhar"
Bon / pre - Lamaist / Tibet God of light. In the ancient religion he is a creator deity from whom all other gods are engendered. In Lamaism he evolves into a god of wisdom....
Supreme god name
"Shei-Rab"
Bon / pre - Lamaist / Tibet Supreme god. In the ancient religion he is the remote and barely defined creator deity. Attributes include a lotus and swastika....
God name
"Ambisagrus aka Bussumarus"
Britain Originally from Gaul, where his Celtic identity was lost during the Roman takeover where he took all the characteristics of the Roman God Jupiter. weather deity who controlled the Rain, wind, hail and fog. Britain
Deity name
"Ambisagrus/ Bussumarus"
Britain The weather deity
Deity name
"Belatu-Cadros aka Belatucadros"
Britain Belatucadrus, "fair shining one" or "fair slayer", a deity worshipped in northern Britain, particularly in Cumberland and Westmorland. He may be related to Belenus and Cernunnos, equated with Mars.
God name
"Mogounos"
Britain A Celtic god worshipped in Roman Britain and in Gaul. The main evidence is from altars dedicated to the god by Roman soldiers, but the deity is not a native Italic one.
Goddess name
"Nehalennia"
Britain A goddess who was the patron deity of sea traders
Goddess name
"Borvo"
British / Gaul God of hot springs equated with Apollo and has similarities to the goddess Sirona, who was also a healing deity associated with mineral springs. British / Gaul
Deity name
"Dylan"
British / Welsh Guardian deity of the mouth of the River Conway. British / Welsh
Deity name
"Dipankara"
Buddhas deity who is one of the minor group of Buddhas Buddhist / Tibet
Deity name
"Balaparmita"
Buddhist Philosophical deity. Buddhist
Deity name
"Chos-Skyon"
Buddhist Tutelary guardian deity Buddhist / Tibet
Deity name
"Danaparamita"
Buddhist Philosophical deity. Buddhist
Deity name
"Daoji"
Buddhist A Buddhist monk who became a minor Taoist deity
God name
"Dhvajosnisa"
Buddhist God, apparently Guardian deity Buddhist
Deity name
"Dhyanaparmita"
Buddhist Philosophical deity Buddhist
Deity name
"Guhyasamaja"
Buddhist Treatise on the Sum Total of Mysteries. Protective deity. Buddhist
Deity name
"Isa"
Buddhist Guardian deity Buddhist
Deity name
"Jambhala"
Buddhist Embodies the Wealth deity aspect of all the Buddhas and bodhisattvas of past, present and future, and grants longevity and prosperity in daily life. Buddhist
Deity name
"Jnanaparamita"
Buddhist A deity who has perfected transcendent, super-human or supernatural knowledge. Buddhist
Deity name
"Ksantiparmata"
Buddhist A philosophical deity
Deity name
"Lha"
Buddhist Generic term for the deity Buddhist / Tibet
Deity name
"Manidhara"
Buddhist Minor deity and Lokeshvara's attendant. Tibetan Buddhist
Deity name
"Paramita"
Buddhist Descriptive name of a philosophical deity Buddhist
Deity name
"Parna-Savari"
Buddhist A healing deity. Buddhist
Deity name
"Pranidhasnaparamita"
Buddhist Philosophical deity Buddhist
Deity name
"Siaparamita"
Buddhist Philosophical deity Buddhist
Deity name
"Usnisa"
Buddhist The deity who can eliminate all evil karmic hindrances and eradicate the suffering of all evil paths." Buddhist
Deity name
"Vajardaka"
Buddhist A fierce and wrathful deity invoked for purifying negative actions. Buddhist
Spirit name
"Balaparamita (perfection of strength)"
Buddhist Philosophical deity. One of a group of twelve PARAMITAS. spiritual offspring of RATNASAMBHAVA. Color: red. Attributes: Book and banner with jewel....
Deities name
"Danaparamita"
Buddhist Philosophical deity. One of twelve PARAMITA deities and a spiritual offspring of RATNASAMBHAVA. Color: reddish white. Attributes: an ear of rice and a banner with pearl....
Deities name
"Dhvajosnisa"
Buddhist God. An USNISA deity apparently connected with the guardian deities or dikpalas in the southwestern quarter. Color: reddish-blue. Attributes: banner with jewel....
Spirit name
"Dhyanaparamita (perfection in meditation)"
Buddhist Philosophical deity. A PARAMITA and spiritual offspring of RATNASAMBHAVA. Color: darkish sky blue. Attributes: banner with jewel, and white lotus....
Spirit name
"Jnanaparamita (perfection of knowledge)"
Buddhist Philosophical deity. spiritual offspring of RATNASAMBHAVA. Color: white. Attributes: the tree of wisdom and a jeweled banner....
Spirit name
"Ksantiparamita"
Buddhist Philosophical deity. One of the PARAMI TAS. spiritual offspring of RATNASAMBHAVA. Color: yellow. Attributes: jeweled banner and white lotus....
Deities name
"Lokesvara (lord of the world)"
Buddhist Generic name for a group of deities. These are thought to be a syncretization of Hindu and Buddhist deities and include such gods as SIVA, V IS'NU and others which have come to be defined as forms of a primeval buddha or DHYANIBUDDHA. The lokesvara are usually repre sented by a small figure, identified as ADIBUD DHA or AMITABHA, which rests on the head of the main statue. Also a group name for the many forms of the Buddhist deity AVALOKITESVARA....
God name
"Madhukara (honey maker)"
Buddhist God. Derived from a Hindu deity and equating with Kama. He rides in a chariot drawn by parrots. Color: white. Attributes: arrow, banner, bow and wine glass....
Deities name
"Mara (the destroyer)"
Buddhist (1) God. An evil deity who puts obstacles in the way of the BUDDHA. The equal of the Hindu god Kama. In Buddhist tradition, the Hindu gods INDRA, BRAHMA, VIS NU and S IVA are maras who become vanquished by various Buddhist deities. Attributes: fish standard.(2) God. Hindu. An epithet of KAMA(DEVA)....
God name
"Niladanda"
Buddhist God. A dikpala or guardian deity of the southwestern quarter. Color: blue. Attributes: jewel, lotus, staff, sword and trident....
Spirit name
"Paramita"
Buddhist Descriptive name of a philosophical deity. Applied to one of the group of twelve whose spiritual father is RATNASAMBHAVA. Common attributes: banner with a pearl, and a lotus....
Goddess name
"Prajnaparamita"
Buddhist Goddess. The personification of the religious text Prajnaparamita and the SAKTI of VAJRADHARA. An emanation of the deity AKSOBHYA. Also a philosophical deity, the spiritual offspring of RATNASAMBHAVA. The embodiment of transcendental intuition. She stands upon a lotus. Color: white, reddish white or yellow. Attributes: blue lotus, Book, cup, knife, jeweled staff and red lotus....
Spirit name
"Pranidhanaparamita"
Buddhist Philosophical deity. spiritual offspring of RATNASAMBHAVA. Color: blue. Attributes: jewel and sword on blue lotus....
Spirit name
"Ratnaparamita"
Buddhist Philosophical deity. spiritual offspring of RATNASAMBHAVA. Color: red. Attributes: jeweled staff and moon on a lotus....
Deities name
"Ratnosnisa"
Buddhist God. An USNISA deity apparently linked with the guardian sky deities or dikpalas in the southern direction. Color: blue....
Goddess name
"Saubhagya-Bhuvanesvari (buddha of good fortune)"
Buddhist Goddess of good fortune. A gentle and benevolent deity. Color: red. Attributes: red lotus, and waterjar with jewels....
Spirit name
"Silaparamita (perfection of character)"
Buddhist Philosophical deity. spiritual offspring of RATNASAMBHAVA. Color: white. Attributes: floral prayer wheel and jeweled staff....
Spirit name
"Upayaparamita (perfecting success against enemies)"
Buddhist Philosophical deity. spiritual offspring of RATNASAMBHAVA. Color: green. Attributes: jeweled staff and staff on yellow lotus....
Spirit name
"Vagisvara (lord of speech)"
Buddhist God of speech. The tutelary deity of Nepal. An emanation of all DHYANIBUDDHAS (spiritual meditation buddhas) and a variety of MANJUSRI. Accompanied by a lion or seated upon a lion throne. Attribute: blue lotus....
Spirit name
"Viryaparamita"
Buddhist Philosophical deity. spiritual offspring of RATNASAMBHAVA. Color: green. Attributes: blue lotus and jeweled banner....
Demon name
"Bi-har"
Buddhist - Lamaist / Tibet Guardian deity. One of the guardian maharajas protecting against demons. Attended by a lion. Color: white. Attributes: arrow, bow, knife, staff, sword and trident. Three-eyed....
God name
"Chos-Skyon (protector)"
Buddhist - Lamaist / Tibet Tutelary guardian deity. One of a group of gods of fearsome appearance who wear royal apparel. Rides a white elephant. Color: blue. Attributes: knife and noose....
Deity name
"Dipankara (light causer)"
Buddhist - Lamaist / Tibet deity. One of a minor group of buddhas. Color: yellow. Attributes: none in particular....
Deity name
"Lha"
Buddhist - Lamaist / Tibet Generic term for a deity. Also the title for a deity in the old Bon pantheon, equating to the Sanskrit term DEVA....
Deity name
"Yama (2)"
Buddhist - Lamaist / Tibet Guardian deity. One of a group of DHARMAPALA with terrible appearance and royal attire who guard the Dalai Lama. He stands upon a man. His colors may be red, blue, white or yellow. His attributes are most commonly a noose and staff, but may also be a club, a net, a shield, a sword, a trident and two tusks....
Deity name
"Yamantaka (destroyer of Yama)"
Buddhist - Lamaist / Tibet Guardian deity. An emanation of AKSOBHYA and one of a group of DHARMAPALA with terrible appearance and royal attire who guard the Dalai Lama. By tradition he stifled the great rage of YAMA. His SAKTI is Vidyadhara. He is also a dikpala or guardian of the easterly direction. He tramples a number of creatures including a man, and possesses thirty-two arms and sixteen legs. Color: red, blue, black or white. Attributes: many....
Spirit name
"AMOGHASIDDHI"
Buddhist / India The fifth dhyanibuddha or meditation buddha. One of five mystic spiritual counterparts of a human buddha in Vajrayana Buddhism. Color: green. Attributes: staff and sometimes seven-headed snake. Amoghasiddhi is also taken as a tutelary deity in Lamaism [Tibet] in which case his attributes include bell, three monkish robes and prayer wheel. Emanations include Visvapani and many other minor names. See also AKSOBHYA, AMITABHA, RATNASAMBHAVA and VAIROCANA....
Goddess name
"AVALOKITESVARA (merciful lord)"
Buddhist / India Bodhisattva or buddhadesignate. One of the most important deities of the Mahayana sect of Buddhism. In Lamaism he is the tutelary god of Tibet. He equates with VIS NU in Hinduism and bears links with PADMAPANI. In cosmic mythology he is a creator deity. Color: white or red. Attributes: blue lotus, image of Amitabha (topmost pyramidal head), lotus, rosary, sword and water jar. NOTE: in Chinese Buddhism he is represented by the goddess Kuan-Tin, and in Japanese by KWANNON....
God name
"BUDDHA"
Buddhist / India The founder of Buddhism. The deity is regarded as having been an historical figure, born at Kapilavastu near Gorakhpur. He died at Kusinagara in circa 486 BC. His father was SUDDHODANA of the Sakya clan, his mother was MAYA and his wife YASODHARA. Buddha is, in certain respects, the equal of the Hindu god VIS NU. H...
Deity name
"Amida"
Buddhist / Japanese Primordial deity. The Japanese equivalent of AMITABHA recognized from the eleventh and twelfth centuries AD....
Goddess name
"Ksitigarbha (womb of the earth)"
Buddhist / Mahayana Goddess. Known exten sively from northern India to China and Japan. One of the group of female BODHISATTVAS or buddha designates. Color: yellow or green. Attrib utes: Book, bowl, jewel, staff and water jar. In China she is recognized as an underworld deity, Di zang. In Japan she becomes a guardian deity of passage, Jizo....
Goddess name
"Mahamayuri (great daughter of the peacock)"
Buddhist / Mahayana Goddess. An extremely popular deity and an emanation of AMOGHASIDDHI. A female BODHISATTVA or buddha-designate. Also one of a group of five MAHARAKSAS (protectresses) who are thought to be personifications of amulets or mantras. Color: green, red or yellow. Attributes: alms bowl, arrow, banner, bow, fly whisk, image of Amoghasiddhi on crown, jewel, mendicant, peacock feather, prayer wheel, sword and water jar. Three-eyed and may occasionally appear three or four-headed....
Spirit name
"Akasagarbha (essence of tbe sky)"
Buddhist / Mahayana / / Lamaist / Tibet Astral god. One of the BODHISATTVAS or spiritual meditation buddhas. He lives in the “womb of the sky.” Color: green. Attributes: Book, jewel, lotus and Sun disc. Also Khagarbha. In Japanese Buddhism this deity becomes the god Kokuzo....
Deity name
"Amida"
Buddhist / Japan A primordial deity
Demon name
"Bi-har"
Buddhist / Tibet A Guardian deity that protects against demons
Supreme god name
"Mukasa"
Buganda / Uganda, East Africa Supreme god. A benevolent deity whose main oracular sanctuary was sited on the island of Bubembe, lake Victoria. His first high priest was Semagunga and, by convention, only the tribal leader was permitted to consult with the oracle there. Mukasa provides Rain, food and cattle....
God name
"Mugizi"
Bunyoro / Uganda, East Africa lake god. The guardian deity of lake Albert, invoked with offerings by those wishing to cross the lake in boats....
Deity name
"Gautama"
Burman The chief deity of Burmah, whose favourite offering is a paper umbrella.
God name
"Owiot Luiseno"
Cal us the moon god who is the ancestral deity of this tribe
God name
"Attar"
Canaan A masculine semític deity who evolved into Ishtar, masculine God of the morning star and the feminine the star of afternoon. Canaan
Deity name
"Bethel"
Canaanite An ancient Canaanite deity which can be found in Jeremiah
Goddess name
"Ma"
Cappadocian / Anatolia / Turkey Fertility and vegetation goddess. The tutelary goddess of Pontic Comana, she was served by votary priestesses acting as sacred prostitutes, and biennial festivals were celebrated in her honor. Gradually she took on an added role as a warrior goddess with solar connotations and ultimately became syncretized with the Roman goddess BELLONA. On coins of the Comana region she is depicted with the radiate head of a solar deity carrying weapons and a shield....
God name
"Abandinus"
Celtic An obscure Celtic deity, possibly a river-god. He is currently known only from a single inscription from Godmanchester in Cambridgeshire, England: a bronze votive feather is dedicated to him with the fragmentary text "to the god Abandinus, Vatiaucus gave this from his own resources" inscribed on a plaque.
Deity name
"Amaethon / Amathaon"
Celtic Amaethon aka Amathaon ‘great ploughman', was a son of Don and an agricultural deity. Celtic
Deity name
"Magog"
Celtic A mountain deity
God name
"Smertrios"
Celtic God of war and tutelary deity of the Treveri. Celtic
God name
"Camulos"
Celtic / British war god. Probably the deity from which the name of Camulodunum [Colchester, England] derives. Known from inscriptions and coinage bearing the symbol of a boar....
Goddess name
"Cocidius"
Celtic / British Hunting goddess. Northern British deity depicted in stone relief at Risingham (Yorkshire)....
God name
"Condatis"
Celtic / British River god. Northern British deity with stone votive inscriptions located in County Durham....
God name
"Maponos"
Celtic / Continental / European / British Tribal deity. A youthful god worshiped by the Brigantes tribe in Britain and probably assimilated with APOLLO in the Romano-Celtic period....
Goddess name
"BRIGIT (exalted one)"
Celtic / Continental / European / Irish Fertility goddess. A major Celtic pastoral deity, described as a “wise woman, the daughter of the DAGDA,” Brigit became “Christianized” as St. Brigit of Kildare, who lived from AD 450-523 and founded the first female Christian community in Ireland. She was originally celebrated on February 1 in the festival of Imbolc....
God name
"Arvernus"
Celtic / Gallic Local tribal deity. God of the Arverni....
Goddess name
"Nantosuelta (winding river)"
Celtic / Gallic Goddess of water. Identified as a possible consort of the god SUCELLOS. She frequently holds a pole surmounted by a dove-cote. In addition she carries the cornucopia of a fertility or mother goddess, but is also a domestic guardian deity and is often depicted with ravens, which may suggest further links with the underworld....
God name
"Smertrios"
Celtic / Gallic God of war. The tutelary deity of the Treveri. Allegedly the subject of a votive monument which depicts a bearded god holding a snake....
Goddess name
"Boann (she of the white cows)"
Celtic / Irish River goddess. The local goddess of the river Boyne. She is one of the consorts of the DAGDA, alternatively of a minor local deity Elcmar, cuckolded by the Dagda who sent him away on an errand for nine months. The mother of Angus mac Og.See also AENGUS....
God name
"Midir"
Celtic / Irish Chthonic god. Appears in polymorphic form. According to legend the consort of Etain and ruler of the land of Mag Mor. He lost an eye when hit by a hazel wand; the eye was replaced by DIANCECHT, the physician god. In Roman times he became more of an underworld deity. Also Mider....
Goddess name
"Neit"
Celtic / Irish God of war. A minor deity identified as the consort of the goddess MORRIGAN in her aspect as Nemain. Also the grandfather of Balor, he was killed at the second legendary Battle of Moytura....
God name
"Arawn"
Celtic / Welsh Chthonic underworld god. The leader of the phantom hunt seen chasing a white stag with a pack of red-eared hounds. He equates with GWYNN AP NUDD, a similar deity known in South Wales. His chief underworld opponent is Hafgan and he bribes PWYLL, prince of Dyfed, to challenge Hafgan in exchange for a gift of pigs....
God name
"Yspaddaden Pencawr"
Celtic / Welsh God. Possibly the counterpart of the Irish deity Balor and the Icelandic Balder. In the legend of Culhwch and Olwen, Olwen is identified as his daughter. He sets Culhwch several difficult tasks before he can obtain Olwen's hand. Culhwch retaliates by wounding him severely, but he cannot be killed until Olwen marries. This is presumably a distorted fertility legend, the original meaning of which is lost....
God name
"BELENUS"
Celtic, European, Irish Pastoral deity concerned with light, solar worship and healing. Considered to be one of the oldest of the Celtic gods thus far recognized. Celebrated long into the Christian era in the festival of Beltine or Cetsbamain, set on May 1, the start of the “warm season.” The rites involved lighting huge bonfires and driving cattle between them as a protection against disease. It marked the season when cattle were liberated after Winter to graze the open pastures....
Spirit name
"CERNUNNOS"
Celtic, Gallic Fertility and chthonic god. Cernunnos appears to have been recognized in the region of Gaul which is now central France. He is typically drawn as a man bearing the antlers of a stag, not necessarily representing an animal spirit but a deity closely involved with animals and one which can transform instantly into animal shape. In the Celtic world, horns and antlers were generally regarded as symbols of virility and fertility....
Deity name
"Sin"
Chaldean deity of the moon. Chaldean
Deity name
"Tiamat"
Chaldean Chaldean serpent, slain by Bel, the chief deity.
God name
"Ni"
Chimu Indian / pre - Columbian South America / coastal areas of Peru Sea god. A significant deity in the pantheon, revered by fishermen. Often linked with SI, the moon god....
Goddess name
"Jia Shi"
China Goddess and stellar deity China
God name
"Laughing Buddha"
China Popular Buddhist deity; god of happiness and wealth. China
Goddess name
"Ma Shi"
China A goddess & stellar deity
God name
"Shou Lao"
China A god of longevity that started out as an astral deity
Deity name
"Tao Hua Hsiennui"
China peach blossom girl. A protector at the time of marriage, and the deity of the second spring month. China
God name
"T'ao Hua Hsiennui"
China This goddes guardian deity as well as the deity of the second spring month
Deity name
"Wei Cheng"
China deity who guards the back door. China
Deity name
"Nezha"
Chinese Nataku or Nata, a deity, the enfant terrible trickster, originally of Chinese mythology. His official Taoist deity name is Zhongtan Yuanshuai.
Deity name
"Old Man of the Moon"
Chinese Old Man of the moon. The Chinese deity who links in wedlock predestined couples.
Deity name
"Tu Er Shen"
Chinese A Chinese deity who manages the love and sex between men. His name literally means "rabbit deity".
God name
"Chang Hs'iien"
Chinese Guardian god of children. According to tradition he was the mortal king of Szechuan killed by the founder of the Sung dynasty. His wife was captured and forced to become a concubine in the imperial palace. She was discovered by the emperor kneeling before a picture of her deceased husband which she identified as a local deity, “the immortal Chang who gives children.” This triggered the cult which began locally in Szechuan circa AD 100. Chang Hs'ien is depicted holding a bow made of mulberry wood and either aiming an arrow at the star Tien Kou, the socalled celestial dog which threatens the earth, or aiming the empty bow at a rat (see ERH LANG)....
King name
"Erh Lang (master)"
Chinese Tutelary deity. Associated with a celestial dog, Erh Lang was once honored with a sanctuary in Beijing (Peking). According to tradition he and the dog saved the city from flooding. His attributes include a bow which he is depicted drawing, and arrows. The dog may be replaced by a rat, in which case the arrows are not included. The rat is a sign of impending wealth and therefore the drawing of an empty bow at the rat is a sign which invokes wealth of children....
Goddess name
"Hung Sheng (boly one)"
Chinese Guardian god. A deity who protects fishing boats and their crews against danger at sea in the Southern Ocean. His role is similar to that of the goddess KUAN YIN. Little is known of the origin of Hung Sheng, but he was allegedly a mortal who died on the thirteenth day of the second moon, which falls two days before the spring equinox when the sea dragon king, Lung Wang, is believed to leave the ocean and ascend into the heavens. The god is propitiated with cakes made from the first grain of the year, on the fifth day of the fifth month and in some traditions he is seen as an aspect of the sea dragon king....
God name
"Lu Pan"
Chinese God of artisans. The deity concerned with builders, bricklayers, housepainters and carpenters. He is particularly revered in Hong Kong. According to tradition he was born in 606 BC in the kingdom of Lu, where he became a skilled carpenter. He turned into a recluse on the Li Shan mountain, where he perfected his skills. He is said to have constructed the palace of the queen of the western heaven. Because of his powers he was murdered. He is also an invoker of harmonious relationships. His festival takes place on the thirteenth day of the sixth month, when the Rains are due. Attributes include a set square and carpenter's plane. He is also depicted with an ax, the symbol of a marriage go-between....
Goddess name
"Nu Kua"
Chinese Creator goddess. A primordial deity who may be androgynous and who engendered mankind out of lumps of yellow clay. The invention of the flute is also attributed to her. Also NuGua....
Goddess name
"Sari Chou Niiarig Niiarig"
Chinese Mother goddess. First deified during the Sung Dynasty (AD 960-1279) to combat the popularity of KUAN YIN, no mortal existence is recognized for this deity who is referred to simply as “heavenly mother.” By tradition she rules over the “islands of the blessed,” the three mythical islands which are the home of the gods. She is depicted wearing a yellow robe signifying imperial rank and carries the attribute of a scepter. Typically she displays an enigmatic smile....
God name
"Shou Lao"
Chinese God of longevity. He originates as an astral deity but comes to head the heavenly ministry responsible for setting the span of a person's life. He is also known as Nan-ji Hsian Weng, “the ancient of the South Pole.” His sacred animal is the crane, embodiment of long life....
God name
"T'ai Shai"
Chinese God. The senior deity in the heavenly ministries, he is the immediate controller of the earth and mankind. Titled the “god of the eastern peak.” Also Di Zang....
God name
"Tam Kung"
Chinese Local sea god. A deity with control over Rain and water and who extinguishes fires. His worship is restricted to a coastal region between Hong Kong and Macau. According to tradition he was an eight-year-old boy emperor, the last of the Sung Dynasty, who committed suicide by jumping over a cliff in the face of Kublai Khan's advance in AD 1276. His attendant is Ho Wang, who joined him in death. A sanctuary in Coloane Town in Macau, sited at the end of a narrow peninsula, is dedicated to him....
Goddess name
"T'ao Hua Hiiinnui (peach blossom girl)"
Chinese Goddess. The spirit of the peach blossom and the deity of the second spring month....
Ghost name
"God"
Christian The deity held by Christians to be the supreme reality and the sole creator of life, the universe and everything. A triple deity made up of four parts: God the Father, God the Son, God the Son in human form and the Holy ghost.