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God Name and Meaning

List of Gods : "earth"   (200++ records)

NameOriginDescription
Goddess name
"Wuruntemu"
Hatti land 'Sun Goddess and mistress of the Hatti lands, the queen of heaven and earth.
God name
"Gucumatz"
Mayan ("feathered serpent";) was a feathered snake god, one ofthe gods who created earth and humanity. Mayan

"Wandering Jew"
Greek (1) Of Greek tradition. Aristeas, a poet who continued to appear and disappear alternately for above 400 years, and who visited all the mythical nations of the earth.
Deities name
"Ame-No-Minaka-Nushi-No-Kami"
Shinto (Exalted Musubi deity), who is later related to the gods of the heaven; Kami-musubi no Kami (Sacred Musubi deity), related to the gods of the earth; and Ame no Minaka-nushi no Kami (Heavenly Centre-Ruling deity). Some Shinto scholars hold that all Shinto deities are manifestations of Ame no Minaka-nushi no Kami.
God name
"Ataokoloinona"
Madagascar (What-A-Strange-Thing} son of Ndriananahary, the creator god, who was sent to earth to look in to everything and to advise on the possibility of creating living beings. He never appeared again. Madagascar

"Rusor"
Roman A Roman divinity, was worshipped as one of the companions of Tellus, by which was personified the power of nature (the earth) of bringing forth to light the seeds entrusted to her.
Goddess name
"Bendis"
Greece A Thracian divinity in whom the moon was worshipped. Hesychius says "that the poet Cratinus called this goddess Two Spears, either because she had to discharge two duties, one towards heaven and the other towards the earth, or because she bore two lances, or lastly, because she had two lights, the one her own and the other derived from the Sun. In Greece she was sometimes identified with Persephone, but more commonly with Artemis.

"Hanuman"
Hindu A celestial being, named Punjikasthala, who, due to a curse, was born on the earth as a female vanara. The curse was to be removed on her giving birth to an incarnation of Lord Shiva. Hindu
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Goddess name
"Tlaltecuhtli"
Aztec A chthonic creator goddess. (Tlal-teh-koo-tlee) is the monstrous earth goddess. Her name means "The one who give and devours life" and she required many human sacrifices to sustain her.
God name
"Munjen Malik"
Kafir / Afghanistan A chthonic earth god
Goddess name
"Tu"
China A chthonic earth goddess & fertility spirit
Goddess name
"Pacha Mama"
Inca A chthonic goddess of fertility & the earth, now syncretized with the Christian Virgin Mary
God name
"Mulungu"
Africa A creator God of the Nyamwezi people of Tanzania in eastern Africa. Despite being the creator and protector of the world, he is distant and has little contact with anyone. It is said that he once lived on earth, but when someone set fire to the landscape he asked a spider to spin him a web to climb up into the sky, where he lives today. He is revered now as a sky god, with thunder as his voice.

"Adaro"
Melanesia / Polynesia A creature which is half human, half fish, having the upper body of a human and the lower part of its body is like a fish. They live in the Sun, and travel to earth on Rainbows. Melanesia / Polynesia
Goddess name
"Elara"
Greek A daughter of Orchomenus or Minyas, who became by Zeus the mother of the giant Tityus and Zeus, from fear of Hera, concealed her under the earth. (Apollodorus i. Argonautica) This was where she gave birth to Tityas, who some traditions state to be the son of Elara and Gaia, the earth goddess. Greek
God name
"Helara"
Greek A daughter of Orchomenus, became by Zeus the mother of Tityus, but the god, from fear of Hera, concealed her under the earth. Greek
Angel name
"Nama"
Greek A daughter of the race of man, who was beloved by the angel Zaraph. Her one wish was to love purely, intensely, and holily; but she fixed her love on a seraph, a creature, more than her Creator; therefore, in punishment, she was condemned to abide on earth, "unchanged in heart and frame," so long as the earth endureth; but when time is no more, both she and her angel lover will be admitted into those courts "where love never dies." Hebrew
Goddess name
"Cybele"
Phrygian A deification of the earth Mother. Like Gaia (the "Earth") or her Minoan equivalent Rhea, Cybele embodies the fertile earth, a goddess of caverns and mountains, walls and fortresses, nature, wild animals, especially lions and bees. Phrygian
Goddess name
"Pachamama"
Inca A dragoness fertility goddess who presided over planting and harvesting. She caused earthquakes. After conquest by Catholic Spain her image was replaced by the Virgin Mary. Inca
Angel name
"Destruction Angels"
Jewish A fearsome type of angel who descends to the earth to inflict terrible suffering upon the wicked and in need of punishment. Jewish

"Ops"
Roman A female Roman divinity of plenty and fertility, as is indicated by her name, which is connected with opimus opulentus, inops, and copia. She was regarded as the wife of Saturnus, and, accordingly, as the protectress of every thing connected with Agriculture. Her abode was in the earth, and hence those who invoked her, or made vows to her, used to touch the ground, and as she was believed to give to human beings both their place of abode and their food, newly-born children were recommended to her care.
Demon name
"Kabrakan"
Mayan A giant demon that causes earthquakes and makes mountains disappear Mayan
God name
"Jar'Edo Wens"
Australian A god of earthly knowledge and physical might, created by Altjira to ensure that people did not get too arrogant or self-conceited. He is associated with victory and intelligence. Australian aboriginal
God name
"Camaxtli aka Mixcoatl-Camaxtli"
Aztec A god of hunting, war, fate and fire and one of the four creator gods, who made the earth. He leads human sacrifices and warriors who have been slain in battle to the eastern sky, where they become stars. Aztec
Spirit name
"Abida"
Kalmuck A god of the Kalmucks, who receives the souls of the dead at the moment of decease, and gives them permission to enter a new body, either human or not, and have another spell of life on earth. If the spirit is spotless it may, if it likes, rise and live in the air.
God name
"Adroa"
Africa A god of the Lugbara people of central Africa. Adroa has two aspects: one good and one evil. He is the creator of heaven and earth, and he appears to those about to die. Adroa is depicted as a tall, white man with only half a body – one eye, one arm, one leg, one ear. Africa
God name
"Zamba"
Zaire A god of the Yaunde who created the earth. Cameroon and Zaire
God name
"Enmesharra"
Sumerian A god of the underworld who often worked with Enbilulu to bring water to the surface of the earth. Sumerian
Goddess name
"Al Lat"
Arabic A goddess of fertility, procreation & the earth
Goddess name
"Amba Dravidian"
India A goddess of the earth
Goddess name
"Prithivi"
Hindu A goddess of the earth
Goddess name
"Terra/ Terra Mater"
Roman A goddess of the earth
Goddess name
"Asase Ya Ashanti"
Ghana A goddess of the earth, fertility & the creator of humanity
Goddess name
"Hlodyn"
Norse A goddess; a name of the earth; Thor's mother. Norse
Spirit name
"Tanu'la"
Koryak / SE Siberia A guardian spirit of the earth & its plans & animals, female type
Angel name
"Jacob's Ladder"
Genesis A ladder seen by the patriarch Jacob in a vision. It was set on the earth, and reached to heaven, and angels seemed to be ascending and descending on it. Genesis
Spirit name
"Julana"
Jumu A lecherous spirit who surprises women by burrowing beneath the sand. He was alive, and wandered the earth with his father, Njirana, during the Dreamtime. Jumu, Australian aboriginal
God name
"Tu Di Gong"
China A local earth god worshipped in China.
God name
"Alignak"
Inuit A lunar deity and god of weather, water, tides, eclipses and earthquakes. Inuit
God name
"Veles"
Slavic A major Slavic god of earth, waters and the underworld, associated with dragons, cattle, magic, musicians, wealth and trickery. He is also the opponent of thunder-god Perun, and the battle between two of them constitutes one of the most important myths of Slavic mythology.
God name
"Kahukura aka Rongo"
Maori A major god, the god of cultivated food. He separated the primordial parents Rangi and Papa to allow daylight into the world. Tawhirimatea, the god of storms did not consent to this plan and afterwards attacked his brothers with unrelenting fury. Rongo and Haumia, the god of wild food, took refuge in the body of Papa, mother earth, who hid them until the storm passed. Maori
Monster name
"Babullius"
Greek A monster of the primitive world, is described sometimes as a destructive hurricane, and sometimes as a fire-breathing giant concealed in the country of the Arimi in the earth, which was lashed by Zeus with flashes of lightning. Greek
Demon name
"Li No Cha"
China A monstrous Immortal with three heads, eight arms and nine eyes was sent down to earth by the Jade Emperor to defeat a plague of demons. China
God name
"Agdistis"
Phrygian A mythical being connected with the Phrygian worship of Attes or Atys. Pausanias relates the following story about Agdistis. On one occasion Zeus unwittingly begot by the earth a superhuman being which was at once man and woman, and was called Agdistis. The gods dreaded it and unmanned it, and from its severed genitalia there grew up an almond-tree.
Goddess name
"Acca Larentia"
Etruscan A mythical woman who occurs in the stories in early Roman history. Associated with Hercules she was a goddess of the earth and goddess of Winter Roman / Etruscan
Goddess name
"Manasa"
Hindu A naga and goddess of fertility. She is popularly known as the goddess of wish fulfilment and one who protects against snakebite. She is also associated with the earth and higher knowledge. Hindu

"Fjorgyn"
Norse A personification of the earth; mother of Thor. Norse

"Rind"
Norse A personification of the hard frozen earth. Mother of Vale. The loves of Odin and Rind resemble those of Zeus and Europa in Greek legends. Norse
Planet name
"Adamida"
Christian A planet on which reside the unborn spirits of saints, martyrs, and believers. U'riel, the angel of the Sun, was ordered at the crucifixion to interpose this planet between the Sun and the earth, so as to produce a total eclipse. Early Christian
Spirit name
"Irik"
Borneo A primeval creator spirit, in the form of a bird, who created the earth; with Ara, created mankind from clay. The Sea Dyaks of Sarawak, Borneo
Goddess name
"Rhea/ Rheie"
Greek A primordial goddess of childbirth, earth, fertility, mountains

"Zig"
Arabis A prodigious cock, which stands with its feet on the earth and touches heaven with its head. When its wings are spread it darkens the Sun, and causes a total eclipse. This cock crows before the Lord, and delighteth Him. Babylonish Talmud
Deities name
"Titan"
Greek A race of gods. The secondary group of deities in the pre-Hellenic pantheon, headed by the sky god OURANOS and the earth mother GAIA. They have six pairs of children: OKEANOS and TETHYS, KRONOS and RHEA, HYPERION and THEA, Koeos and Phoebe, IAPETOS and Klymene, Kreos and Eurybe. According to legend the children usurped their father but were eventually beaten by ZEUS, heading the major group of the pantheon, who hurled them into the abyss of Tartaros....

"Manabozo/ Nena bu shu Menonemi"
US / Canada A redeemer & a trickster who a rabbit on earth under a bowl

"Aczinor"
Enochian A senior of earth associated with Jupiter. Enochian
King name
"Jinn"
Arabian A sort of fairies in Arabian mythology, the offspring of fire. They propagate their species like human beings, and are governed by a race of kings named Suleyman, one of whom built the pyramids. Their chief abode is the mountain Kaf, and they appear to men under the forms of serpents, dogs, cats, monsters, or even human beings, and become invisible at pleasure. The evil jinn are hideously ugly, but the good are exquisitely beautiful. According to fable, they were created from fire two thousand years before Adam was made of earth. The singular of jinn is jinnee.

"Smintheus"
Greek A surname of Apollo, which is derived by some from a mouse, and by others from the town of Sminthe in Troas. The mouse was regarded by the ancients as inspired by the vapours arising from the earth, and as the symbol of prophetic power. Greek
God name
"Nzame"
Gabon A three in one god: Nzame, Mebere, and Nkwa. It was the Nzame part of the god that created the universe and the earth, and brought life to it. Gabon
Ghost name
"Bhut"
India A type of evil spirit. It is especially the evil ghost of a man who has died due to execution, accident, or suicide. People protect themselves by lying on the ground, because the bhutas never rest on earth. In the Bhagvad Gita, Krishna the Avatar declares that the humans who worship bhutas become bhutas themselves. India
Goddess name
"Etugen"
Mongol A virgin earth goddess

"Tartarus"
Greek According to the earliest Greek views, a dark abyss, which lay as far below the surface of the earth as the earth is from the heavens. Above Tartarus were the foundations of the earth and sea. It was surrounded by an iron wall with iron gates set up by Poseidon, and by a trebly thick layer of night, and it served as the prison of the dethroned Cronus, and of the conquered Titans who were guarded by the hecatoncheires, the hundred-armed sons of Uranus. Greek

"Mahpiyato"
Lakota After the time of creation, the world was divided into three regions; the sky, the earth and waters and the underworld. When Mahpiyato created humans, they were placed in the subterranean region.. The Lakota, Plains Indians

"Adammas"
Nassenes Along with Sophea, the male half of the first couple on the earth. Nassenes
God name
"Hoenir"
Scandinavia An Aesir god and the brother of Odin and Ludor. Together they slew Ymir, the great giant of the beginning. They created the earth from his flesh, the sea and fresh water from his blood, the mountains from his bones; then mankind from two trees, man from the ash and woman from the elm. Hoenir gave them their senses and understanding, intelligence and motion. The two lesser brothers are sometimes considered aspects of Odin, eventually disappearing, Hoenir as hostage to the Vanir at the end of the war with the Aesir. Scandinavia
Goddess name
"Oanuava"
Celtic An ancient earth Goddess from Celtic Gaul
Angel name
"Arariel"
Jewish An angel who, according to the rabbis of the Talmud, takes charge of the waters of the earth. Fishermen invoke him so that they may take large fish. Arariel has also traditionally been invoked as a cure for stupidity. Jewish
Goddess name
"Atabei/ Attabeira"
Cuba An earth goddess
Goddess name
"Jord"
Icelandic / Germanic An earth goddess mentioned in the Edda by Snorri
Spirit name
"Nu'tenut"
Chukchee / E Siberia An earth spirit that is the owner of the world

"Vampire"
Europe An extortioner. The vampire is a dead man who returns in body and soul from the other world, and wanders about the earth doing mischief to the living. He sucks the blood of persons asleep, and these persons become vampires in turn. Middle Europe
Goddess name
"Marinette"
Haiti An goddess of the earth Haiti
Goddess name
"Ninigi (Prince)"
Shinto / Japan Ancestral god. The deity who, according to tradition, is the heir apparent of the Sun goddess Amaterasu. He was sent to earth from heaven to rule at the behest of the gods. His parents are Taka-Mi-Musubi and Ame-No-OshiHo-Mimi and he takes the title of “divine grandchild.” He is the ancestral deity of the imperial dynasties....
Goddess name
"Gat Um Dug"
Babylon / Mesopotamia / Akkadia / Sumeria Ancient earth Mother and goddess of fertility of the Lagash. Babylon / Mesopotamia / Akkadia / Sumeria
Goddess name
"Chlaus Haistic"
Ireland Ancient Goddess of unknown function who came down to earth as a powerful witch. Ireland
Spirit name
"Medr"
Ethiopia Ancient earth spirit, gender unknown Ethiopia
Goddess name
"Altria"
Etruscan Ancient goddess of the earth. Etruscan
Spirit name
"Jetaita Yamama"
Tirerra del Fuego And earth spirits of the fearful type Tirerra del Fuego

"Arimanius aka Ahriman"
Persian Angra Mainya, the carrier of nine hundred and ninety-nine diseases to plague the earth. Persian
God name
"Lebien-Poghl"
Yukaghir / Siberia Animistic owner god & chief protector of the earth
God name
"Lebien-Poghl Yukaghir"
Siberia Animistic owner god and chief protector of the earth Siberia
God name
"Terra"
Greek Another form for terra, the name under which the earth was personified among the Romans, as Ge was among the Greeks. She is often mentioned in contrast with Jupiter, the god of heaven, and connected with Dis and the Manes. Greek

"Hlothyn"
Norse Another name for earth. earth is Thor's mother. His father is Odin. Norse
God name
"Chiminagua"
Chibcha Another omni-potent god that created the earth in a rather simple matter
God name
"Ki (the great one)"
Mesopotamian / Sumerian Archetypal chthonic principle. According to some traditions, Ki is the daughter of ANS'AR and KIS'AR and consort of AN. As the cosmos came into being, An took the role of god of heaven and Ki became the personification of the earth and underworld. She is the mother of the god of the air, ENLIL, with whom she descended from the heavens. Some authorities argue that she was never regarded as a deity. There is no evidence of a cult and the name appears in a limited number of Sumerian creation texts. The name URAS (tilth) may relate.See also ANTU(M)....
Supreme god name
"Kronos"
Pre - Greek Archetypal fertility god. He is of unknown origin but is the son of the earth mother GAIA and the sky god OURANOS, whom he usurped after castrating him. His consort is RHEA. So as not to suffer a similar fate to his father he swallowed all his children except ZEUS who was kept from him by a ruse. Zeus eventually hurled Kronos into Tartaros, the abyss in which all the TITANS were confined. He was celebrated in the Greek harvest festival of kronia which equalled the Roman saturnalia. During Hellenic times he was the supreme god at Byblos [Syria]. He is depicted on coinage of Antiochus IV (175-164 BC) nude, leaning on a scepter, with three pairs of wings, two spread and one folded....
God name
"Xiuhtecuhtli"
Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mex ico Astral god. The ruler of the first or lowest of the thir teen heavens known at the time of the Spanish conquest, Tlalticpac (on the earth)....

"Jongsuli-Young-Jongbu"
India At first there was neither earth nor sky, Shuzanghu and his wife Zumiang-Nui lived alone...In due time Zumiang-Nui gave birth to a baby-girl, Subbu-Khai-Thung, who is the earth and to a baby-boy, Jongsuli-Young-Jongbu, who is the sky. India
Deities name
"Ah Patnar Uinicob (owners of the jars men)"
Mayan / Yucatec, Mesoamerican / Mexico Attendant water gods. Four huge deities who pour water on to the earth from jars. The end of the dry season is marked on May 3, completing an eight day Rain ceremony....

"Avatar"
Hindu Avatar, avatara or avataram, most commonly refers to the incarnation of a higher being, or the Supreme Being onto earth. Hindu
Goddess name
"Ja neb'a"
Slavic Benevolent goddess of the earth who can alter the physical structure of magma and stone, Terrakinesis. Slavic
Goddess name
"HUITZILPOCHTLI"
Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Blue hummingbird on left foot. Sun god, patron god of the Aztec nation. The tutelary god of the Aztecs who also regarded him as a war god. He is the southern (blue) aspect or emanation of the Sun god TEZCATLIPOCA, the so-called high-flying Sun, and the head of the group classed as the Huitzilpochtli complex. He is regarded, in alternative tradition, as one of the four sons of Tezcatlipoca. His mother is the decapitated earth goddess COATLICUE, from whose womb he sprang fully armed. He slaughtered his sister (moon) and his 400 brothers (stars) in revenge for the death of his mother, signifying the triumph of Sunlight over darkness....

"P'an-ku"
China Born from the primordial cosmic egg, and the mass divided into the heavens and the earth. From his eyes the Sun and moon appeared, from his sweat, Rain and dew, from his voice, thunder, and from his body all the natural features of the earth arose. Southern China
Goddess name
"Cathubodia"
Britain / Pan-Celtic Breton version of the Ireland goddess of the earth Banbha. Britain / Pan-Celtic

"Amoghapasa"
Buddhist Brings believers hope and tranquility. Amoghapasa has four pairs of arms. One pair is held with palms together in a prayerful attitude. Some are raised, others are held slightly away from the body. The hands may be in symbolic positions called mudra or may hold symbolic articles like a lotus blossom, symbol of compassion; a monk's staff; a whisk representing the brushing away of earthly cares; and the lasso. Buddhist

"Obtala"
Santeria Came down from heaven to the earth with a sea-shell, guinea hen, sand and a chicken. Obtala poured the sand on the waters, and dropped the hen on the earth. The hen scratched the sand and created earth's first land mass. Santeria
God name
"Lahar"
Sumeria Cattle-god sent by Enlil and Enki from heaven to earth in order to make abundant its cattle. He is the brother of Ashnan. Lahar, along with his sister, were created in the creation chamber of the gods so the Annunnaki might have food and clothes. Sumeria
Goddess name
"Larunda"
Sabine Chthonic and earth mother goddess Sabine
Deities name
"Tzultacah (mountain valley)"
Mayan / Mesoamerican / Mexico Chthonic and thunder gods. A group of deities who combine the features of earth and Rain gods. Although there are considered to be an indefinite number of Tzultacahs, only thirteen are invoked in prayers. They live in, and may personify, springs and rivers, but each is the owner of a specific mountain. They are attended by snakes which are dispatched to punish mankind for wrongdoing. Non-poisonous varieties are sent to discipline against minor offenses, rattlesnakes for more serious depravity....
Goddess name
"NAMMU"
Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian / Iraq Chthonic creator and birth goddess. Nammu is identified in various texts as the goddess of the watery deeps. As a consort of AN she is the mother of ENKI and the power of the riverbed to produce water. Alternatively Nammu is the progenitrix of An and KI, the archetypal deities of heaven and earth. She also engendered other early gods and in one poem is the mother of all mortal life. She molded clay collected by creatures called sig-en-sig-du and brought it to life, thus creating mankind. She is attended by seven minor goddesses and may ultimately have become syncretized with NINHURSAG A....
Deities name
"Sa"
Kono / eastern Guinea, West Africa Chthonic creator god. One of a pair of creator deities, with ALATANGANA. Sa inhabited the primeval swamps before the sky or the light existed and before there were any living things on earth. He had a daughter who eloped with Alatangana and bore fourteen children, three pairs of black and four pairs of white, all of whom spoke different languages and to whom Sa gave the tools of survival....
Goddess name
"Tlaltecuhtli"
Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Chthonic creator goddess. In Aztec cosmogony, Tlaltecuhtli is a monstrous, toad-like figure whose body is cleaved in two by the gods TEZCATLIPOCA and QUETZALCOATL to fashion heaven and earth. The ruler of the second of the thirteen heavens known at the time of the Spanish conquest, Ilhuicatl Tlalocan Ipan Metztli (the heaven of the Paradise of the Rain god over the moon), she is also one of the group classed as the MICTLANTECUHTLI complex. She is said to swallow the Sun each evening and disgorge it in the dawn. She also devours the blood and hearts of sacrificial victims and the souls of the dead.See also CIPACTLI....
God name
"Itzam Cab"
Mayan Chthonic earth god as well as a god of fire Mayan
God name
"Aker"
Egypt Chthonic earth god of passage. Known from the Old kingdom (circa 2700 BC onward). Controls the interface between eastern and western horizons of the underworld, and is the guardian of the gate through which the king passes into the underworld. Aker provides a safe course for the barque of the Sun god during its passage through the underworld at night. He may be seen as the socket holding the boat's mast. He is also considered benevolent against snake bites. Represented by opposite facing pairs of human or lion heads....
God name
"Kherty"
Egypt Chthonic earth god, was around from 2500 BCE Egypt
God name
"Tar"
Tiv / Nigeria, West Africa Chthonic earth god. Engendered by the creator god AONDO, Tar is depicted as a prostrate figure with his head toward the east, comparable with the Egyptian god GEB....
God name
"Itzam Cab"
Mayan / Mesoamerican / Mexico Chthonic earth god. The earth aspect of the creator god ITZAM NA. He is also a god of fire, and hearthstones are called “head of Itzam Cab.” Sticks of firewood are his thighs, flames his tongue and the pot resting on the fire his liver. In his vegetation aspect he is depicted with leaves of maize sprouting from his head....
Goddess name
"Tu (1)"
Chinese Chthonic earth goddess. A fertility spirit also identified as she who was invoked to bring good harvests by phallic-shaped mounds of earth left in the fields....
Goddess name
"Uras"
Mesopotamian / Sumerian Chthonic earth goddess. One of the named consorts of the sky god AN and the mother of NIN'INSINNA....
Goddess name
"Arianrhod"
Celtic / Welsh Chthonic earth goddess. Responsible for initiation of souls in the otherworld in the tower of Caer Sidi. Mentioned in the Mabinogion texts as the possible daughter of Beli, consort of DON and mother of LLEW LLAW GYFFES and Dylan....
Goddess name
"Colel Cab (mistress of the earth)"
Mayan / Mesoamerican / Mexico Chthonic earth goddess. This may be another title for the IX ZACAL NOK aspect of the goddess CHIBIRIAS....
Goddess name
"Paca-Mama (earth mother)"
Inca / pre - Columbian South America / highlands of Peru Chthonic earth goddess. Worshiped extensively by farmers but now largely syncretized with the Christian Virgin Mary....
Goddess name
"Asase Yaa"
Ashanti / Ghana, West Africa Chthonic fertility goddess. A major deity revered over a wide area of Akanand Fante-speaking Ghana. She has no temples or priests but days (Thursdays) are set aside in her honor and no ploughing is permitted. By tradition a farmer sacrifices a cockerel to her each year to ensure a good harvest, sprinkling the blood on the ground. As the womb of the earth, she represents the goddess of the dead and she is also goddess of truth. Also Asase Efua (Fante)....
Goddess name
"Asase Yaa / Asase Efua"
Africa Chthonic fertility goddess. As the womb of the earth, she represents and is also goddess of truth. Ghana, West Africa
God name
"Ahriman"
Zoroastrian / Farsi Per sian Chthonic god of darkness. The antagonist of AHURA MAZDA, god of light, and his attendant, MITHRA. The name is a modern derivation of the original Avestan title ANGRU MAINYU. Ahriman is said to have tried to persuade his attendant animals, including the scor pion, ant and snake, to drink the blood of the bull slain by Mithra in the primeval legend of dualistic conflict (see Mithra); if he had succeeded he would have prevented life from forming on earth. In another legend he tried to thwart Ahura Mazda by sending a flood to destroy the world. Also recog nized in Roman Mithraism. Rituals included ani mal sacrifice. Also ARIMANIUS (Roman)....
Deities name
"Dsahadoldza (fringe mouth)"
Navaho / USA Chthonic god of earth and water. A number of deities are known under this title. The priest impersonating the god has one side of his body painted red and the other side black. He wears a buckskin mask painted with a horizontal yellow band to represent the evening sky and eight vertical black stripes to represent Rain....
God name
"Tatenen (exalted earth)"
Egypt Chthonic god. Originates as a vegetation god from Memphis, the apotheosis of the Nile silt which appears after the inundation has subsided. As a vegetation god, he is depicted anthropomorphically with green face and limbs and wearing a crown with plumes subtended by ram's horns. By the time of the Old kingdom (twenty-seventh to twenty-second centuries BC) he is recognized as an emanation of the god PTAH, involved in the creation process and mentioned on the Shabaka Stone (Memphis), where he is described as “father of the gods” and is perceived as an androgynous being. He also protects the royal dead....
Goddess name
"Spadareamet"
Armenia Chthonic goddess concerned with fertility of the earth and death, the Christians equate her name with hell Armenia
Goddess name
"Colel Cab"
Mayan Chthonic goddess of the earth Mayan
Goddess name
"Eriiys"
Greek Chthonic goddess of wrath. According to legend she was a consort of POSEIDON by whom she bore the fabulous horse Areon. By implication she may also have been a grim maternal figure who engendered all horses. She may be equated with a wrathful DEMETER who is sometimes given the epithet Erinys. Erinys appears in the collec tive form of three Erinyes, their heads covered with snake locks and bearing torches from the underworld. In the Iliad they are described as those “who beneath the earth punish dead men, whoever has sworn a false oath.” In Roman mythology they are the Furies....
Goddess name
"Larunda"
Sabine Chthonic goddess. An early Italic earth mother who, in Roman times, according to some traditions, became the mother of the LARES. Also Lara (Roman)....
Goddess name
"Spandaramet"
Pre - Christian Armenian Chthonic goddess. Concerned with the fertility of the earth and with death. Under Christian influence, her name equates with hell....
Goddess name
"Hine-Ahu-One (maiden formed of the earth)"
Polynesian / including Maori Chthonic goddess. Engendered by the god TANE when he needed a consort because, with the exception of the primordial earth mother PAPATUANUKU, all the existing gods of creation were male. Tane created her out of the red earth and breathed life into her. She became the mother of HINE-ATA-UIRA....
Goddess name
"Khon-Ma"
Tibetan Chthonic goddess. Ruler of a horde of demons who live in the earth and who may infest houses. She is depicted typically wearing yellow robes and with attributes including a golden noose. Her vehicle is a ram. To guard against her influence, a ram's skull is hung from the doorpost of a dwelling and filled with offerings....
Goddess name
"Papatuanuku"
Polynesian / including Maori Chthonic mother goddess. According to tradition she evolved spontaneously in the cosmic night personified by TE PO and became the apotheosis of papa, the earth. In other traditions she was engendered, with the sky god RANGINUI, by a primordial androgynous being, ATEA. Paptuanuku and Ranginui are regarded as the primal parents of the pantheon who, through a prolonged period of intercourse, produced at least ten major deities as their children. In Maori culture Papatuanuku, like all deities, is represented only by inconspicuous, slightly worked stones or pieces of wood and not by the large totems, which are depictions of ancestors....
Goddess name
"Dzivaguru"
Korekore / Shona / northern Zimbabwe, southern Africa Chthonic mother goddess. Originally said to have ruled both heaven and earth and lived in a palace by a sacred lake near Dande. She is depicted wearing goatskins and bearing a cornucopia holding magical substances. Her sacred creatures are mythical golden Sunbirds, probably modeled on swallows, a pair of which were actually discovered in Zimbabwe....
God name
"Haurun"
Western Semitic / Canaanite Chthonic or earth god. Haurun was introduced to Egyptian religion probably by emigre workers who related him to the sculpture of the Sphinx at Giza. Haurun was known locally as a god of healing....
God name
"Munjem Malik"
Kafir / Afghanistan Chthonic or earth god. He appears as a rival and possible predecessor of the god IMRA, but one whose realm is in the earth rather than the sky. Imra controls mountains and high pastures. Munjem Malik rules the earth of the valleys. He presides over the council of gods. His main sanctuary was at Arte in the Parun valley where a large boulder represented his head....
God name
"Kherty (lower one)"
Egypt Chthonic or earth god. Known from at least 2500 BC, Kherty acts as a guardian of royal tombs but displays a more ominous aspect threatening the soul of the ruler. Pyramid Texts warn that the king must be protected from Kherty by the Sun god RE. Depicted anthropomorphically or with the head of a ram....
Goddess name
"Khnum"
Egypt / Upper Chthonic or earth god. Said to create human life on a potter's wheel but strictly at the behest of creator deities. He is usually seated before a potter's wheel on which stands a naked figure in the process of molding. The Khnum cult was principally directed from sanctuaries at Esna, north of the first Nile cataract, and at Elephantine where mummified rams covered with gold leaf and buried in stone sarcophagi have been discovered. Khnum supervises the annual Nile flood, which is physically generated by the god HAPY. His consort at Esna is the goddess Menhyt. Khnum is also described at other sites as the BA or soul of various deities including GEB and OSIRIS. Depicted anthropomorphically or with the head of a ram....
Goddess name
"Tlazolteotl (Ixcuiname)"
Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Chthonic or earth goddess. Known locally from the gulf coast region of Huaxteca. A maternal goddess linked with sexual sin and personifying filth. One of the group of fertility deities classed as the TETEOINNAN complex....
Goddess name
"Maia"
Greco - Roman Chthonic or earth goddess. Originally, in pre-Homeric times, a mountain spirit who subsequently became a minor consort of ZEUS. The Romans worshiped her as an obscure goddess of the plains who became briefly a consort of JUPITER, and they perceived her as the mother of the messenger god Mercury. Her cult was associated with that of VulcanUS. Possibly the origin of the name of the month of May.See also MERCURIUS....
Goddess name
"Tellus"
Roman Chthonic primordial earth mother. A corn deity, generally regarded as benevolent, but also a goddess of the dead. Enemy armies were offered to her and cursed in her name. Both she and the corn goddess CERES were propitiated with human sacrifice. Also TERRA MATER....

"Terra Mater"
Roman Chthonic primordial earth mother. Derived from Greek model.See also TELLUS....
God name
"Shango"
Yoruba / Nigeria, West Africa Chthonic storm god. As an earth deity he was once a mortal man, the king of Oyo, who transformed himself into an immortal. According to tradition, during his life he breathed tongues of fire. He then ascended into the sky by climbing a golden chain and became the god of thunder and lightning. He is also god of justice, punishing thieves and liars. His consorts include OYA, Oshun and Oba. Cult followers of Shango are believed to be able to make lightning strike an adversary. In shrines to Shango, the image of the god is adorned with a ram's head. Also SANGO....
Goddess name
"Mictecacihuatl"
Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Chthonic underworld god. One of a pair of deities with MICTLANTECUHTLI. In the primeval waters of the cosmos, they generated the monstrous goddess CIPACTLI, from whom the earth was formed....
God name
"Tlalehitonatiuh (on the earth sun)"
Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Chthonic underworld god. One of the group classed as the MICTLANTECUHTLI complex....
Goddess name
"Mictlantecuhtli"
Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Chthonic underworld god. The creator of the underworld, Mictlan. Depicted with a skull-like appearance and protruding teeth. Also one of a pair of deities with MICTECACIHUATL. In the primeval waters of the cosmos, they generated the monstrous goddess CIPACTLI, from whom the earth was formed. In alternative traditions he is the god of the sixth of the thirteen heavens, Ilhuicatl Mamalhuazocan (the heaven of the fire drill), or he is one of the gods who support the lowest heaven at the four cardinal points. Mictlantecuhtli is perceived to reside in the south (codices Borgia and Vaticanus B). He is also one of the four great temple deities (codices Borgia, Cospi and Fejervery-Mayer)....
Goddess name
"Belet-Seri"
Mesopotamian / Babylonian - Akkadian Chthonic underworld goddess. The recorder of the dead entering the otherworld. Known as the “Scribe of the earth.”...
Goddess name
"Takotsi Nakawe Huichol"
Mexico Chthonic vegetation goddess, all plant life and the earth are hers Mexico
Goddess name
"Takotsi Nakawe (our grandmother growth)"
Huichol Indian / Mesoamerican / Mexico Chthonic vegetation goddess. The earth and all plant life belong to her and she is regarded as the mother of the gods, particularly of the fire god TATEVALI. She is very old and is invoked to give the boon of longevity. Her sacred tree is a form of fig, the salate....

"Mamaldi Amur"
Siberia Co-creator of earth but she was killed by her husband for creating Asia, for spite she created souls for at the magicians he built Siberia
Deities name
"Bhumi (the earth on which all things are formed)"
Buddhist / Varyana Collective name for a group of deities. Twelve personifications of the spiritual spheres through which a BODHISATTVA or buddha-designate passes in his quest for perfection of knowledge. Common attribute: a staff....
God name
"Igigi"
Mesopotamia Collective name for the group of younger sky gods. They were the gods of heaven, in contrast to the Anunnaki, who were the gods of the earth. Mesopotamia

"Deohako"
Seneca Collective name of the three daughters of the earth Mother. Seneca
Spirit name
"Yazatas"
Zoroastrian Connectors of the heavenly and earthly areas. They catch the light of the Sun and send it down to earth. They are needed by men for cleansing, help with the ridding of evil spirits and to forgo the tortures of the Zoroastrian hell. Zoroastrian

"Pore"
Guyana Created the earth and all living things. Guyana

"Naionuema Uitoto"
S America Created the earth from its own imagination South America
Goddess name
"Ragno"
Hopi Creation and earth goddess who planted the acorn of life. Hopi

"Elkunirsha"
Hittite Creator Of The earth. Hittite
Deity name
"Qoluncotun"
Nativ American Creator deity of the Sinkaietk who, angered by the ingratitude of their ancestors, hurled a star at the earth, which burst into flames. Southern Okanagon
God name
"Pachamac"
Inca Creator god and a god of the earth. Inca
God name
"Amotken"
Salish Creator god of the Salish, a kind, elderly man who lives alone in heaven. He created five women from five hairs from his head and asked them what they wanted to be. Each gave him a different answer: wickedness and cruelty, goodness, mother of the earth, fire, water. Amotken did as they asked and declared that wickedness would rule earth for a time, but goodness would win in the end.
God name
"Uwolowu"
Togo Creator god who first made a woman on the earth and bore with her the first child, the first human being. Akposso, Togo
God name
"Pakrokitat"
California Creator god who made people with a face at the front and back of their heads. After a hissy fit, he decended to the middle of the earth. The Serrano Indians, California
God name
"Nahui Oiiin (earthquake sun)"
Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Creator god. According to most of the codices, at the time of the Spanish conquest there had been four previous world ages, each represented by a Sun and terminated by a cataclysm. Ollin, the fifth Sun, was created at Teotihuacan and at the conquest was just under 2,000 years old. It is presided over by the god TONATIUH. Each creation is considered to last 2028 x 52 terrestrial years and the present one is destined to be destroyed by a great earthquake. Tradition has it that Ollin was originally a sickly or humble deity named NANAHUATL (the diseased one). Also (4)Ollin; Ollintonatiuh....
God name
"Aondo"
Tiv / central Nigeria, West Africa Creator god. An abstract principle who lives in the sky. He sends the Sun each morning, roars with the thunder which heralds his storms and is the creator of the earth....
God name
"Unumbote"
Bassari / Togo, West Africa Creator god. Engendered all living things on earth....
God name
"Pore"
Guyanan Indian / South America Creator god. Engendered the earth and all living things. Also Pura....
God name
"Nainuema"
Uitoto Indian / South America Creator god. He created the earth from his own imagination and stamped upon it until it was flat. He then engendered the Forests and other living things from his saliva....
God name
"Suku"
Ovimbundu / central Angola, West Africa Creator god. He created the sky, the rivers and mountains, and the people on earth....
God name
"Niamye"
Baule / Ivory Coast, West Africa Creator god. He engendered a consort for himself and proceeded to create all other living things on earth. His anger is evidenced by lightning and thunderbolts....
God name
"Umvelinkwangi"
Zulu / South Africa Creator god. He engendered all plants and animals on earth and is the father of the god UNKULUNKULU, who was born from a reed and engendered mankind....
God name
"Ataa Naa Nyongmo"
Gan / district around Accra, Ghana, West Africa Creator god. He engendered the earth and also controls the Sun and the Rain. He causes disasters such as epidemics and earthquakes if his laws and rites are disobeyed....
God name
"Olodumare"
Yoruba / Nigeria, West Africa Creator god. He engendered the god OBATALA as his deputy. The souls of the dead are expected to make confession to Olodumare. When he created the earth, he filled a snail's shell with dirt, placed inside it a hen and a pigeon and threw it down, whereupon the hen and pigeon began to scatter the earth and create land. Olodumare then sent a chameleon to report on progress. Sand was added, followed by a palm, a coconut and a kola nut tree. When these were established the god placed on earth the first sixteen humans. Also Alaaye; Elemii; Olojo Oni; Olorun; Orishanla....
Goddess name
"Amma (2)"
Dogon / Mali, West Africa Creator god. He first created the Sun by baking a clay pot until it was white hot and coiling a band of copper around it eight times. He created the moon in similar fashion but used brass. Black people were created from Sunlight and white from moonlight. Later, having circumcised the earth goddess, whose clitoris was an anthill, he impregnated her and produced the first creature, a jackal. Next he fertilized her with Rain to engender plant life and finally became the father of mankind....
Goddess name
"Amma"
Africa Creator god. He first created the Sun from a clay pot and coils of copper and the moon using a clay pot and brass. Black people were created from Sunlight and white from moonlight. He then proceeded to circumsise the earth goddess, whose clitoris was an anthill and their first offspring was a jackal. She then got pregnant by Rain and produced plants. He then became the father of mankind. Dogon Mali, West Africa
God name
"Maheo (all-spirit)"
Cheyenne / USA Creator god. He first lived in the void and then created the great primordial water of life. He made the earth from a ball of mud and engendered mankind from one of his ribs which he implanted in earth woman (Christian influence has probably been exerted here)....
God name
"Tonatiuh (soaring eagle)"
Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Creator god. He presides over the fifth (present) world age, personified by the Sun Ollin and destined to end in a cataclysmic earthquake. He is the ruler of the fourth of the thirteen heavens known at the time of the Spanish conquest; also called Ilhuicatl Tonatiuh (the heaven of the Sun). In other texts, specifically codices Borgia, Cospi and Fejervary-Mayer, he is depicted as a temple deity....
God name
"Kumokums"
Modoc Indian / Oregon, USA Creator god. He sat beside Tule lake, which was all that existed, and created the world by scooping out mud to form the earth. He added animals and plants, but finally became tired and went to sleep in a hole at the bottom of the lake, which he dug using a hill as a shovel....
God name
"Pemba (great thing)"
Bambara / Mande / Mali, West Africa Creator god. He was created out of the empty or Fu and his first task was to form the egg of the world. He descended to earth as an acacia seed (Acacia albida) which first grew to a mighty tree and then died. From the wood Pemba generated human souls and a female being whom he impregnated to engender all human and animal life. His brother is the god FARO, creator of the river Niger....
God name
"Hiranyagarbha (golden egg)"
Hindu / Vedic Creator god. Identified in the opening of the Rg Veda, as the god of the golden seed emerging from the cosmic egg. The halves of the shell become sky and earth, and the yolk becomes the Sun. The embryo impregnates the primordial waters....
God name
"Kukulcan"
Mayan / Mesoamerican / Mexico Creator god. Kukulcan is, in origin, a Toltec god who was adopted by the Mayan culture and who corresponds closely with the Aztec deity QUETZALCOATL. He is chiefly concerned with reincarnation, but is also responsible for the elements of fire, earth and water. He is depicted with various attributes, including a torch or a lizard representing fire, maize for earth, and a fish for water. Also God B....
Deities name
"Nzapa"
Ngbandi / Democratic Republic of Congo, central Africa Creator god. One of seven deities invoked at Sunrise each morning. The progenitor of all life on earth, he also gave mankind laws and controls destiny or fate. He has four children who specifically appear in the guise of palm trees....
Deities name
"Alatangana"
Kono / eastern Guinea, West Africa Creator god. One of two creator deities; the other is SA. ALATANGANA created land from swamp and placed vegetation on earth. VAJRAPANI and a large number of minor names.See also AMITABHA, AMOGHASIDDHI, RATNASAMBHAVA and VAIROCANA....
God name
"Awonawilona"
Pueblo Indian / Zuni / Mesoamerica Creator god. The androgynous creator of heaven and earth and of all life, which he engendered by tossing pieces of his skin into the primeval ocean....
God name
"O-Kuni-Nushi-No-Mikoto"
Shinto / Japan Creator god. The great organizer and consolidator of the earth in the creation mythology of Shintoism. He took up his duties after IZANAGI and IZANAMI had created the land. Tradition has it that he first underwent a series of ordeals and then reigned over the world. He has many consorts and innumerable offspring....
God name
"Cagn"
Kalahari bushmen / southern Africa Creator god. The progenitor of all life on earth....
God name
"Bumba"
Boshongo / Bantu / southern Africa Creator god. The progenitor of the world out of chaos. When he experienced stomachache he vomited the earth, Sun, moon and, finally, all living things, including mankind....
God name
"Ocelotl"
Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Creator god. The Sun deity representing the first of the five world ages, each of which lasted for 2,028 heavenly years, each heavenly year being fiftytwo terrestrial years. Assigned to the earth and presided over by TEZCATLIPOCA. According to tradition, the age was populated by a race of giants and it ended in a catalclysmic destruction caused by huge and ferocious jaguars which devoured them. Illustrated by the Stone of the Four Suns [Yale Peabody Museum]. Also Ocelotonatiuh; Yoaltonatiuh; Tlalchitonatiuh....
God name
"Tvastar (carpenter)"
Hindu / Vedic Creator god. The “divine builder” who fashions living creatures on earth. The Hindu equivalent of the Roman god VulcanUS. An ADITYA or Sun god and the father of SARANYU. Attributes: homajakalika (an uncertain fire device), ladle and two lotuses. Also Tastar; Tvashtri; VISVAKARMAN....
God name
"Kyumbe"
Zaramo / Tanzania, East Africa Creator god. Tradition has it that the earth and sky may have been present before this being emerged. He is, however, perceived as having engendered all living things on earth. He first created animals' bodies without tails. When they had their legs fitted, Kyumbe added tails as an afterthought....
Goddess name
"Jugumishanta"
New Guinea Creator goddess and Mother of earth. New Guinea
Goddess name
"Qamai'ts"
Bella Coola Indian / British Columbia, Canada Creator goddess. Said to live in the upper heaven, Atsa'axl, from where she controls the earth. According to tradition the mountains were once malevolent beings who made the world uninhabitable, until she conquered them and reduced them in size. She is never invoked or prayed to. Also Tsi Sisnaaxil (our woman); Ek Yakimtolsil (afraid of nothing)....
Goddess name
"Birrahgnooloo"
Australian aboriginal Creator goddess. She is recognized by several aboriginal clans as the chief consort of BAIAME, the creator god. Revered as the all-mother of humankind and creator of living things on earth, her role largely parallels that of Baiame. Traditions suggest that during the Dreamtime she planted vegetation as she moved through the primordial world, fashioning creatures from clay and breathing spirit into human beings. Her eldest son is DARAMULUM or Gayandi, regarded as an intermediary between Baiame and humankind....
Supreme god name
"Oduduwa"
Yoruba / Nigeria, West Africa Creator goddess. The consort, or alternatively the daughter, of the supreme god OLODUMARE. She is perceived as the substance, or matrix, of the earth which Olodumare impregnated to generate life. She is also a goddess of war and her sons include the great heroic Yoruba god OGUN. According to some traditions Oduduwa is also perceived as a god....

"Zeme Mate"
Latvia Creator of earth Latvia
Goddess name
"Anu aka Anann"
Ireland Dana, Dana-Ana, Catana. Mother earth, Great Goddess, Greatest of all Goddesses. Another aspect of the Morrigu. The fertility Goddess, sometimes she formed a trinity with Badb and Macha. Her priestesses comforted and taught the dying. Fires were lit for her on Midsummer. Guardian of cattle and health. Ireland

"Nokomis"
Hiawatha Daughter of the moon. Sporting one day with her maidens on a swing made of vine canes, a rival cut the swing, and Nokomis fell to earth, where she gave birth to a daughter named Wenonah. Hiawatha

"Gerda"
Norse Daughter of the frost giant Gymer, a beautiful young giantess; beloved by Frey. She is so beautiful that the brightness of her naked arms illuminates both air and sea. Frey (the genial spring) married Gerda (the frozen earth), and Gerda became the mother of children. Norse
Demon name
"Hiranyakasipu"
India demon who held the earth prisoner, under flood waters. India
God name
"Kabunian"
Philippines Descended from his home in the sky. On earth he married a virtuous maiden named Bangan. She bore him three children. The first was Kabigat, a boy, second was Daungen, a girl. After the birth of the third child, Kabunian had to return to his home in heaven. As a god, he could not continue living indefinitely on earth. Philippines
Goddess name
"Anieros"
Phrygian Early earth goddess, who with her daughter Axiocersa, personified the earth in spring and in autumn Roman / Phrygian
Goddess name
"Cels"
Etruscan earth Goddess, who makes the grain grow tall. Etruscan

"Asintmah"
Canada earth Mother. She wove a fireweed and willow blanket to cover earth. Canada
Goddess name
"Prthivi"
Hindu earth and mother goddess. Hindu
Goddess name
"Bera Pennu"
India earth and vegetation goddess. India
Goddess name
"Tacoma"
Salish earth and water goddess. Salish, Puyallup
Goddess name
"Gav"
Vedic earth goddess and the Cosmic cow. Vedic
Goddess name
"Gerd"
Scandinavia earth goddess who married Freyr. She was a giantess, and considered very beautiful. Scandinavia
Goddess name
"Iord"
Nordic / Icelandic earth goddess. In Viking tradition lord embodies the abstract sacredness of the earth. Said to be the mother of THOR and in some legends, the wife of OTHIN.See also FJORGYN....