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God Name and Meaning

List of Gods : "earth"   (200++ records)

NameOriginDescription

"Hlothyn"
Norse Another name for earth. earth is Thor's mother. His father is Odin. Norse
God name
"Hoenir"
Scandinavia An Aesir god and the brother of Odin and Ludor. Together they slew Ymir, the great giant of the beginning. They created the earth from his flesh, the sea and fresh water from his blood, the mountains from his bones; then mankind from two trees, man from the ash and woman from the elm. Hoenir gave them their senses and understanding, intelligence and motion. The two lesser brothers are sometimes considered aspects of Odin, eventually disappearing, Hoenir as hostage to the Vanir at the end of the war with the Aesir. Scandinavia
Goddess name
"Horae"
Greek Horai, originally the personifications or goddesses of the order of nature and of the seasons, but in later times they were regarded as the goddesses of order in general and of justice. In Homer, who neither mentions their parents nor their number, they are the Olympian divinities of the weather and the ministers of Zeus; and in this capacity they guard the doors of Olympus, and promote the fertility of the earth, by the various kinds of weather they send down. Greek
God name
"Hotu-matua"
s The legendary founding father of Easter Island arrived from over the sea with a fleet of his family and followers after surviving a great catastrophe. The god of earthquakes, Poku, had upended Hotu-matua's homeland with a crowbar, sinking Hiva into the ocean depths. Lemuria, Mu
God name
"Hou T'u"
China God of the earth China
God name
"Hu Baiyan"
China God of the earthly Heroic Star. China
God name
"Hu Daoyuan"
China God of the water earthworm Star. China
Goddess name
"Hu Tu"
China Goddess of the Summer solstice, earth Mother and the personification of the earth. China
God name
"Huang Fei-hu"
China Originally an earth god who was promoted to the god Tai mountain eastern China and he now judges the souls of the dead when they come to his mountain. China
King name
"Hutsipamamau'u Ocean Woman"
Chemehuevis The Great Mother, the creator of all things who created the earth from her flaking skin. Chemehuevis
Spirit name
"Icci"
Siberia The spirit of Mother earth. Siberia

"Ida"
Hindu Of the earth, abundant food, and nourishment. She is also the granter of any blessings evoked through her. Hindu
God name
"Iegad"
Pelew Is this is the god that is guilty of bringing light to earth
God name
"Igigi"
Mesopotamia Collective name for the group of younger sky gods. They were the gods of heaven, in contrast to the Anunnaki, who were the gods of the earth. Mesopotamia

"Ikas"
Algonquin Mother earth Algonquin
God name
"Ilat"
Pokot / Suk / Uganda / western Kenya, East Africa Rain god. The son of the creator god TORORUT. According to legend, when his father calls on him to fetch water Ilat always spills some, which descends to earth as Rain....

"Indara"
Indonesia The Maiden, the earth. With Ilai, the Sun, they are the supreme powers of the Torajas. They created mankind, but not plants and animals. Celebes, Indonesia
Goddess name
"Inkanyamba"
Zulu / southern Africa storm god. The deity specifically responsible for tornados and perceived as a huge snake coiling down from heaven to earth. According to some Zulu authorities, Inkanyamba is a goddess of storms and water....

"Inkosazana"
Africa Who came out on the same day that men came out of the earth. She is not commonly seen. We hear it said the primitive men knew her. No one existing at the present time ever saw her. She is said to be a very little animal, as large as a polecat, and is marked with little white and black stripes; on one side there grows a bed of reeds, a Forest, and grass;97 the other side is that of a man. Such is her form. South Africa
Goddess name
"Inyan"
Lakota The first of the superior Gods. Uncreated and existing before time, he created Maka and gave it the earth Goddess Maka-akan, the second of the superior Gods and a part of Inyan. Creating Maka required all of Inyan's blood, which was blue, to form a great disk, beyond which there was nothing. This effort made Inyan hard and powerless. His blood became the blue waters and the sky, and Nagi Tanka (Sky God), the Great spirit who is all powerful and called Skan (Most Holy), the third superior God. Lakota
Goddess name
"Iord"
Nordic / Icelandic earth goddess. In Viking tradition lord embodies the abstract sacredness of the earth. Said to be the mother of THOR and in some legends, the wife of OTHIN.See also FJORGYN....

"Iormungandur"
Scandinavian Iormungandr. The Midgard serpent. The serpent that encompasses the whole earth. Scandinavian
Spirit name
"Irik"
Borneo A primeval creator spirit, in the form of a bird, who created the earth; with Ara, created mankind from clay. The Sea Dyaks of Sarawak, Borneo
Goddess name
"Iris (rainbow)"
Greek / Roman Messenger goddess. The special attendant of the goddess HERA, Iris is a virgin goddess who forms the Rainbow bridge between heaven and earth. Depicted with wings and carrying a staff....

"Irminsul"
Saxons The pillar that was said to connect heaven and earth, represented by oak or wooden pillars venerated by the Saxons.
Goddess name
"Ishi-Kori-Dome"
Shinto / Japan God(dess) of stone cutters. Of ambiguous gender, this deity created the stone mold into which the bronze was cast to make the perfect Divine mirror. It was used so that AMATERASU, the Sun goddess, could see her glorious reflection and so be enticed from the dark cave where she had hidden herself to escape the excesses of the god SUSANO-WO. Ishi-Kori-Dome is also the tutelary deity of mirror makers and was one of the escorts for Prince NINIGI when he descended from heaven to earth. Generally invoked beside fire and smith KAMIS....
Goddess name
"Isi"
India Goddess moderating the whole world, giving laws to heaven, earth, and Ocean, as the common parent both of gods and men, and as the productive cause both of corn and trees. India
Goddess name
"Isis"
Egypt Goddess of childbirth, death, the earth, fertility, marital devotion, motherhood, healing, home, magic, the moon and the mother goddess Egypt
Goddess name
"Itchita"
Yakut / Siberia This goddess of the earth prevents illness
Goddess name
"Itchita Yakut"
Siberia Goddess of the earth, prevents illness Siberia
God name
"Itzam Cab"
Mayan Chthonic earth god as well as a god of fire Mayan
God name
"Itzam Cab"
Mayan / Mesoamerican / Mexico Chthonic earth god. The earth aspect of the creator god ITZAM NA. He is also a god of fire, and hearthstones are called “head of Itzam Cab.” Sticks of firewood are his thighs, flames his tongue and the pot resting on the fire his liver. In his vegetation aspect he is depicted with leaves of maize sprouting from his head....
Goddess name
"Ix Chel"
Mayan / Yucatec / Quiche, Mesoamerican / Mexico moon goddess. Also the goddess of childbirth and Medicine and of Rain bows. A consort of the Sun god. She has a major shrine as Cozumel and small figurines of the goddess have been conventionally placed beneath the beds of women in labor. Such women are considered to be in great danger at times of lunar eclipse when the unborn child may develop deformities. Ix Chel is a guardian against disease and the Quiche Indians regard her as a goddess of fertility and sexual inter course. A goddess of weaving, believed to be the first being on earth to weave cloth, she was employed in this craft when she first attracted the attention of the Sun god. She carries her loom sticks across the sky to protect her from jaguars. Under Chris tian influence she has been largely syncretized with the Virgin Mary.See also IX CHEBEL YAX....
Goddess name
"Ixchel"
Mayan Zapotec earth goddess Mayan
Goddess name
"Ixcuiname"
Aztec earth goddess. She was linked with sex, which in the Aztec mind was unclean, and thus she was also regarded as a personification of filth. Aztec

"Izanami-No-Kami"
Japan The Female Who Invites, Shinto earth mother who was given the task of creating the world. Japan
Goddess name
"Ja neb'a"
Slavic Benevolent goddess of the earth who can alter the physical structure of magma and stone, Terrakinesis. Slavic
Angel name
"Jacob's Ladder"
Genesis A ladder seen by the patriarch Jacob in a vision. It was set on the earth, and reached to heaven, and angels seemed to be ascending and descending on it. Genesis
God name
"Jar'Edo Wens"
Australian A god of earthly knowledge and physical might, created by Altjira to ensure that people did not get too arrogant or self-conceited. He is associated with victory and intelligence. Australian aboriginal
Spirit name
"Jetaita Yamama"
Tirerra del Fuego And earth spirits of the fearful type Tirerra del Fuego
Goddess name
"Jian Lao"
Buddhist Goddess of the earth and permanence Buddhist / China
King name
"Jinn"
Arabian A sort of fairies in Arabian mythology, the offspring of fire. They propagate their species like human beings, and are governed by a race of kings named Suleyman, one of whom built the pyramids. Their chief abode is the mountain Kaf, and they appear to men under the forms of serpents, dogs, cats, monsters, or even human beings, and become invisible at pleasure. The evil jinn are hideously ugly, but the good are exquisitely beautiful. According to fable, they were created from fire two thousand years before Adam was made of earth. The singular of jinn is jinnee.

"Jongsuli-Young-Jongbu"
India At first there was neither earth nor sky, Shuzanghu and his wife Zumiang-Nui lived alone...In due time Zumiang-Nui gave birth to a baby-girl, Subbu-Khai-Thung, who is the earth and to a baby-boy, Jongsuli-Young-Jongbu, who is the sky. India
Goddess name
"Jord"
Icelandic / Germanic An earth goddess mentioned in the Edda by Snorri
Spirit name
"Jormungandar or Midgardsormen"
Norse earth's monster. The great serpent, brother of Hela and Fenrir and son of Loki, the spirit of evil. It used to lie at the root of the celestial ash till All-Fader cast it into the ocean; it then grew so large that in time it encompassed the whole world, and was for ever biting its own tail. Norse

"Jotunheim"
Norse Jotunheimer. The Utgaard; the home of the giants in the outermost parts of the earth. Norse
Goddess name
"Jugumishanta"
New Guinea Creator goddess and Mother of earth. New Guinea
Spirit name
"Julana"
Jumu A lecherous spirit who surprises women by burrowing beneath the sand. He was alive, and wandered the earth with his father, Njirana, during the Dreamtime. Jumu, Australian aboriginal
Spirit name
"Juma"
Finnish / Mari / Ugart God of the sky, whose name is also associated with spirits of earth, water, wind, and the home. Finnish / Mari / Ugart

"Juok"
Africa / Egypt Juok of the Shilluks. Juok molded all men of earth while he wandered the earth creating the rest of the world. White men were created from white sand which Juok found in the land of the white. Red or brown men were created out of the mud of the Nile in Egypt. Black men were created from black earth found in the land of the Shilluck. According to this creation story, man was given all necessary parts to function. Each part had a reason for being. For example, Juok gave man arms in order for man to work. Africa
Demon name
"Kabrakan"
Mayan A giant demon that causes earthquakes and makes mountains disappear Mayan
God name
"Kabrakan"
Mayan / Mesoamerican / Mexico earthquake god. The so-called “destroyer of mountains” usually coupled with the god ZIPAKNA who builds mountains....
God name
"Kabunian"
Philippines Descended from his home in the sky. On earth he married a virtuous maiden named Bangan. She bore him three children. The first was Kabigat, a boy, second was Daungen, a girl. After the birth of the third child, Kabunian had to return to his home in heaven. As a god, he could not continue living indefinitely on earth. Philippines
God name
"Kahukura aka Rongo"
Maori A major god, the god of cultivated food. He separated the primordial parents Rangi and Papa to allow daylight into the world. Tawhirimatea, the god of storms did not consent to this plan and afterwards attacked his brothers with unrelenting fury. Rongo and Haumia, the god of wild food, took refuge in the body of Papa, mother earth, who hid them until the storm passed. Maori

"Kai-matutsi"
N American Kai-matutsi lived on the earth and below. The word associated is with 'earth occupation.' Pomo
God name
"Kalahari aka Cagn Mantis"
Africa a creator god of the people of the Kalahari in Africa and in particular Botswana. He is credited with having made all things (he made the moon from an old shoe), and is the god of natural phenomena. Omnipresent, he manifests himself in everything in the world, but especially in the mantis and caterpillar, which seem to be his favored animals. He has one wife, Coti, and, with her, two sons, Cogaz and Gewi. At one time, he lived on earth but he later moved his dwelling to the top of the sky.

"Kan-xib-yui"
Mayan He re-created the earth after it was destroyed by the four Bacabs. Mayan

"Kana d-Zidqa aka Habs'aba. Habshaba"
Nazorean the Day of the Sun, and his bride Kana d Zidqa (the holy feast food offerings). heavenly Helpers of earthly Nazoreans during their ascent upward. Habshaba is said to deliver souls out of purgatory on his special day. Early Nazorean
Supreme god name
"Kenos"
Tierra del Fuego God who was sent to earth by the supreme god, supposedly to bring order into the world. He goofed up and created humans. Tierra del Fuego
God name
"Khadir"
Pre - Islamic north African vegetation god. He wanders the earth returning to the same spot once in every 500 years and is said to have gained his immortality by drinking from the well of life. Similar in some respects to the Syrian god ADONIS and revered by Alexander the Great. Normally referred to as Al-Khidr (the green one)....
Goddess name
"Khen-Ma"
Buddhist Goddess who is the controller of the earth's demons Buddhist / Tibet
Goddess name
"Khen-Ma"
Buddhist / Tibet Goddess. The female controller of the earth's demons, attended by a ram. Attribute: a golden noose....
God name
"Kherty"
Egypt Chthonic earth god, was around from 2500 BCE Egypt
God name
"Kherty (lower one)"
Egypt Chthonic or earth god. Known from at least 2500 BC, Kherty acts as a guardian of royal tombs but displays a more ominous aspect threatening the soul of the ruler. Pyramid Texts warn that the king must be protected from Kherty by the Sun god RE. Depicted anthropomorphically or with the head of a ram....
Goddess name
"Khnum"
Egypt / Upper Chthonic or earth god. Said to create human life on a potter's wheel but strictly at the behest of creator deities. He is usually seated before a potter's wheel on which stands a naked figure in the process of molding. The Khnum cult was principally directed from sanctuaries at Esna, north of the first Nile cataract, and at Elephantine where mummified rams covered with gold leaf and buried in stone sarcophagi have been discovered. Khnum supervises the annual Nile flood, which is physically generated by the god HAPY. His consort at Esna is the goddess Menhyt. Khnum is also described at other sites as the BA or soul of various deities including GEB and OSIRIS. Depicted anthropomorphically or with the head of a ram....
Goddess name
"Khon-Ma"
Tibetan Chthonic goddess. Ruler of a horde of demons who live in the earth and who may infest houses. She is depicted typically wearing yellow robes and with attributes including a golden noose. Her vehicle is a ram. To guard against her influence, a ram's skull is hung from the doorpost of a dwelling and filled with offerings....
God name
"Ki (the great one)"
Mesopotamian / Sumerian Archetypal chthonic principle. According to some traditions, Ki is the daughter of ANS'AR and KIS'AR and consort of AN. As the cosmos came into being, An took the role of god of heaven and Ki became the personification of the earth and underworld. She is the mother of the god of the air, ENLIL, with whom she descended from the heavens. Some authorities argue that she was never regarded as a deity. There is no evidence of a cult and the name appears in a limited number of Sumerian creation texts. The name URAS (tilth) may relate.See also ANTU(M)....
King name
"Kihigilan"
Koryak Thunder-Man. The Supreme Being, propitiated for purely material reasons, such as the procuring of a food-supply by hunting land and sea animals, the picking of berries and roots, and the tending of the reindeer herds. If the Supreme Being ceases to look upon the earth disorder at once begins. Koryak
Spirit name
"Kisin"
Mayan The god of death and earthquakes. If a person lied, was a thief, or committed murder or incest, their soul is given to Kisin, who punishes the spirit by alternate burning or freezing. Mayan

"Knaritja"
Australia The earth and the sky had always existed and had always been the home of Supernatural Beings. The western Aranda believe that the sky is inhabited by an emu-footed Great Father (Knaritja), who is also the Eternal Youth (altjira nditja). He has dog-footed wives and many sons and daughters. "They lived on fruits and vegetable foods in an eternally green land, unaffected by droughts, through which the milky Way flowed like a broad river...".' They have an Eden-like place where only trees, fruits and flowers flourish. All these sky-dwellers are seen as ageless and beyond death. The Aranda, Australia
Spirit name
"Koolukoolwani"
Africa It is agreed among the Zoolus, that their forefathers believed in the existence of an overruling spirit, whom they called Villenangi [Umvelinqangi] (literally the First Appearer), and who soon after created another heavenly being of great power, called Koolukoolwani, [Unkulunkulwana,] who once visited this earth, in order to publish the news (as they express it), as also to separate the sexes and colours among mankind. Duling the period he was below, two messages were sent to him from Villenangi, the first conveyed by a cameleon, announcing that men were not to die; the second, by a lizard, with a contrary decision. The lizard, having outrun the slow-paced cameleon, arrived first, and delivered his message before the latter made his apperance. Amazulu, South Africa
Monster name
"Krodha"
India The mother "of all sharp-toothed monsters, whether on the earth, amongst the birds, or in the waters, that were devourers of flesh." India
Supreme god name
"Kronos"
Pre - Greek Archetypal fertility god. He is of unknown origin but is the son of the earth mother GAIA and the sky god OURANOS, whom he usurped after castrating him. His consort is RHEA. So as not to suffer a similar fate to his father he swallowed all his children except ZEUS who was kept from him by a ruse. Zeus eventually hurled Kronos into Tartaros, the abyss in which all the TITANS were confined. He was celebrated in the Greek harvest festival of kronia which equalled the Roman saturnalia. During Hellenic times he was the supreme god at Byblos [Syria]. He is depicted on coinage of Antiochus IV (175-164 BC) nude, leaning on a scepter, with three pairs of wings, two spread and one folded....
Goddess name
"Ksitigarbha (womb of the earth)"
Buddhist / Mahayana Goddess. Known exten sively from northern India to China and Japan. One of the group of female BODHISATTVAS or buddha designates. Color: yellow or green. Attrib utes: Book, bowl, jewel, staff and water jar. In China she is recognized as an underworld deity, Di zang. In Japan she becomes a guardian deity of passage, Jizo....
God name
"Kukulcan"
Mayan / Mesoamerican / Mexico Creator god. Kukulcan is, in origin, a Toltec god who was adopted by the Mayan culture and who corresponds closely with the Aztec deity QUETZALCOATL. He is chiefly concerned with reincarnation, but is also responsible for the elements of fire, earth and water. He is depicted with various attributes, including a torch or a lizard representing fire, maize for earth, and a fish for water. Also God B....
Goddess name
"Kumari (virgin)"
Hindu Goddess. Generally recognized to be an epithet of DURGA. Worshiped at a famous temple on the southernmost tip of India at Cape Comorin. Also known in Nepal, where a small girl provides an earthly incarnation of the goddess....
God name
"Kumokums"
Modoc Indian / Oregon, USA Creator god. He sat beside Tule lake, which was all that existed, and created the world by scooping out mud to form the earth. He added animals and plants, but finally became tired and went to sleep in a hole at the bottom of the lake, which he dug using a hill as a shovel....
Goddess name
"Kundalini"
Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Mother goddess. The spirit of the earth perceived in human form and responsible for the provision of all food from the soil. The earth is considered to be sacred and should not be owned by any one person, but can be utilized for the benefit of the community as a whole. Kundalini is believed to have been the mother of all other vegetation deities....
Goddess name
"Kushi-Dama-Nigi-Haya-Hi (soft fast sun)"
Shinto / Japan Sun god. The apotheosis of the morning Sun sent down by the Sun goddess AMATERASU before Prince NINIGI appeared on earth....
God name
"Kyumbe"
Zaramo / Tanzania, East Africa Creator god. Tradition has it that the earth and sky may have been present before this being emerged. He is, however, perceived as having engendered all living things on earth. He first created animals' bodies without tails. When they had their legs fitted, Kyumbe added tails as an afterthought....

"Kyumbe Zaramo"
Tanzania He created all living things on the earth
God name
"Lahar"
Sumeria Cattle-god sent by Enlil and Enki from heaven to earth in order to make abundant its cattle. He is the brother of Ashnan. Lahar, along with his sister, were created in the creation chamber of the gods so the Annunnaki might have food and clothes. Sumeria
Goddess name
"Lahar"
Mesopotamian / Sumerian God of cattle. According to legend, he was sent to earth by the gods ENLIL and ENKI, to work in conjunction with the grain goddess AS'NAN. In iconography he usually has ears of corn sprouting from his shoulders. He may also carry a bow and club and is often depicted with a ram at his feet....
God name
"Lahmu"
Akkadia First-born son of Apsu and Tiamat. He and his sister Lahamu were the parents of Anshar and Kishar, the sky father and earth mother, who begat the first gods. Lahmu was sometimes depicted as a snake, and sometimes as a bearded man with a red sash and six curls on his head. Akkadia

"Lao-Tze"
China In his Tao-te ching, The Canon of Reason and Virtue (at first entitled simply Lao Tzu(), gave to the then existing scattered sporadic conceptions of the universe a literary form. His tao, or ‘Way,' is the originator of heaven and earth, it is "the mother of all things." China
Goddess name
"Larunda"
Sabine Chthonic and earth mother goddess Sabine
Goddess name
"Larunda"
Sabine Chthonic goddess. An early Italic earth mother who, in Roman times, according to some traditions, became the mother of the LARES. Also Lara (Roman)....
God name
"Lebien-Poghl"
Yukaghir / Siberia Animistic owner god & chief protector of the earth
God name
"Lebien-Poghl Yukaghir"
Siberia Animistic owner god and chief protector of the earth Siberia
Supreme god name
"Legba"
Fon / Benin, West Africa God of fate. The youngest son of the supreme god LISA and his consort, the moon goddess MAWU. He is also regarded as a messenger god, moving between Lisa and mankind on earth....
Demon name
"Li No Cha"
China A monstrous Immortal with three heads, eight arms and nine eyes was sent down to earth by the Jade Emperor to defeat a plague of demons. China
Ghost name
"Limbus Patrum"
Roman The half-way house between earth and heaven, where the patriarchs and prophets, after death, await the coming of Messiah. According to the Roman Catholic notion, this is the "hell," or hades, into which Jesus Christ descended after He gave up the ghost on the cross.
God name
"Lubangala"
Bakongo / Democratic Republic of Congo, central Africa Rainbow god. The chief adversary of the storm god. He stills the thunder and makes his appearance in the sky. Considered to be the guardian of the earth and sea, including the village and its community....
Spirit name
"Lur"
Basques Lurbira. earth mother of the Sun and of the moon. One of the main spirits of the beliefs and mythical traditions of the Basques.
God name
"MITHRA (friend)"
Persian / Iran God of the upper air. Originating in India, Mithra is a god of light who was translated into the attendant of the god AHURA MAZDA in the light religion of Persia; from this he was adopted as the Roman deity Mithras. He is not generally regarded as a sky god but a personification of the fertilizing power of warm, light air. According to the Avesta, he possesses 10,000 eyes and ears and rides in a chariot drawn by white horses. In dualistic Zoroastrianism, which effectively demoted him, Mithra is concerned with the endless battle between light and dark forces; he represents truth. He is responsible for the keeping of oaths and contracts. He was born from a rock and, according to legend, engaged in a primeval struggle with Ahura Mazda's first creation, a wild bull, which he subdued and confined to a cave. The bull escaped, but was recaptured by Mithra, who slit its throat. From the blood sprang plant life on earth. His chief adversary is AHRIMAN, the power of darkness. Mithra is not generally worshiped on his own, but as an integral part of the Mithraic worship of Ahura Mazda, where he acts as an intercessor between gods and men. In the Hellenic period he was transformed more closely to the role of a Sun god. See also AHURA MAZDA....
Demon name
"MON (great god)"
Kafir / Afghanistan—Hindukush warrior god and hero. Mon is a senior deity in the Kafir pantheon who challenges and defends mankind against demons and giants. He is the first offspring of the creator god Imra. He is also a weather god who controls clouds and mist. Mon is perceived as a deity of vast size and vigor who creates glaciers with his footprints. He is also a god of flowing water. Some legends place him as a creator of mankind and law-giver, but only mirroring the actions of the supreme creator IMRA. He appears as a mediator between heaven and earth....
God name
"MOT (death)"
Canaanite / Phoenician / northern Israel, Lebanon / Syrian coastal regions God of natural adversity. ot is the Canaanite representation of adversity in the natural world. He lives in a pit within the earth and is responsible for its annual death from drought and heat: “he has scorched the olive, the produce of the earth and the fruit of the trees.” He engages in the classic confrontation with the Canaanite hero and national god, BAAL. Though the duel results in Baal's demise, his death is avenged by his twin sister ANAT, who slays Mot, then cleaves, winnows, burns and grinds him with a millstone, in what appears to be a ritual allied to the sowing of seed and harvesting (see OSIRIS). Baal is later restored. The conflict probably formed the basis of an annual ritual drama at the Canaanite New Year which was held in the autumn. In the texts Mot is the son of Il and his mother is AS'ERAH (ATHIRAT)....

"Ma"
Greek Ma signifies probably mother, as in Aeschylus, who applies it to the earth to designate her as the mother of all. Greek
Goddess name
"Maa-Ema"
Estonian Estonian earth goddess
God name
"Mabon (son)"
Celtic / Welsh God of youth. The son of an earthly mother, MODRON. According to legend he was abducted when three days old. Also a god of hunters and fishermen. He is known particularly from northwestern Britain and his cult extends along the region of Hadrian's Wall. Known from many Romano-Celtic inscriptions and syncretized with the Romano-Greek god APOLLO....
Goddess name
"Magna Mater"
Roman The queen of heaven, Mother of All the Gods, Great Mother of the gods, Creatrix of the Universe, etc. Mother goddess from the beginning of time and exists in almost every ancient mythology. She is the earth or bears the planet and beings out of herself.

"Mah-Abadean Dynasty"
Persia The first dynasty of Persian mythological history. Mah Abad (the great Abad) and his wife were the only persons left on the earth after the great cycle, and from them the world was peopled. Azer Abad, the fourteenth and last of this dynasty, left the earth because "all flesh had corrupted itself," and a period of anarchy ensued.
Spirit name
"Maheo"
Cheyenne The void dwelling omnipotent Great spirit and creator who created the water, light and air. With the help of Coot he made land by placing mud on the back of Grandmother Turtle, who then became the earth. Cheyenne Indians
God name
"Maheo (all-spirit)"
Cheyenne / USA Creator god. He first lived in the void and then created the great primordial water of life. He made the earth from a ball of mud and engendered mankind from one of his ribs which he implanted in earth woman (Christian influence has probably been exerted here)....

"Mahpiyato"
Lakota After the time of creation, the world was divided into three regions; the sky, the earth and waters and the underworld. When Mahpiyato created humans, they were placed in the subterranean region.. The Lakota, Plains Indians
Supreme god name
"Mahu Fon"
Africa She is the supreme goddess of the earth as well as a goddess of the moon & fertility
Goddess name
"Mahuika"
Polynesia Goddess of earthquakes who rules the edges of the underworld Polynesia
Goddess name
"Mahuikez"
Polynesian Fire god. Identified with earthquakes and possibly paralleling TOUIA FATUNA (iron stone goddess) in Tongan belief....
Goddess name
"Maia"
Greco - Roman Chthonic or earth goddess. Originally, in pre-Homeric times, a mountain spirit who subsequently became a minor consort of ZEUS. The Romans worshiped her as an obscure goddess of the plains who became briefly a consort of JUPITER, and they perceived her as the mother of the messenger god Mercury. Her cult was associated with that of VulcanUS. Possibly the origin of the name of the month of May.See also MERCURIUS....

"Maja"
Sioux earth mother Sioux

"Makarom Mawakhu"
Indonesia The feminine principle is Present in the earth, and forms a primordial pair with Makarom Manouwe. Island of Keisar, Indonesia
Supreme god name
"Makonaima"
British Makunaima. The supreme god and creator who sent his son Sigu to rule over the earth. Among the Makushi he created the sky and earth, vegetation, animals and men. Among the Ackawoi and Caribs, he created birds, animals, and food plants, assisted by his son Sigu. British Guiana
God name
"Makowasendo"
Mexico The sky god is the husband of Nangkwijo, the earth. The Tewa, Pueblo Indians, New Mexico and Arizona
God name
"Mam"
Mayan / Yucatec, Mesoamerican / Mexico God of evil. A much-feared deity who lives beneath the earth and only emerges in times of crisis. Depicted in the form of a flat, life-sized piece of wood dressed as a scarecrow and set upon a stool. He is offered food and drink during Uayeb, the period of five unlucky days at the end of the year, after which the figure is undressed and unceremoniously thrown away. During Uayeb devotees fast and refer to the god as “grandfather.”...

"Mamaldi"
Amur / Siberia She is the co-creator of earth but she was killed by her husband for creating Asia, for spite she created souls for at the magicians he built

"Mamaldi Amur"
Siberia Co-creator of earth but she was killed by her husband for creating Asia, for spite she created souls for at the magicians he built Siberia
Spirit name
"Manabozho aka Nanabush"
Ojibwa Manabozo, a spirit trickster figure and culture hero. He was the son of a human mother and Bangishimog, a spirit father. Nanabozho most often appears in the shape of a rabbit and is characterized as a trickster. He was sent to earth by Gitchi Manitou to teach the Ojibwe, and one of his first tasks was to name all the plants and animals. Ojibwa

"Manabozo/ Nena bu shu Menonemi"
US / Canada A redeemer & a trickster who a rabbit on earth under a bowl
Goddess name
"Manasa"
Hindu A naga and goddess of fertility. She is popularly known as the goddess of wish fulfilment and one who protects against snakebite. She is also associated with the earth and higher knowledge. Hindu
God name
"Manibozho"
Algonquin The Great Hare, a trickster god, and founder of their magical worship. He is also regarded as the inventor of fishing, hieroglyphs, and as the creator of the earth. Algonquin

"Mannheimar"
Norse Mannheimar (plural) [Homes of man]. Our earth. Manheim. Norse
Goddess name
"Mari (2) (queen)"
Basque / Pyrenean region Supreme mother goddess. She is both a sky and chthonic goddess and her consort is MAJU. She is depicted dressed in rich clothing and jewels. Her home is within the earth but she also rides through the air in a chariot pulled by four horses or carried by a ram. She may breathe fire and is symbolized by the Rainbow. When she and her consort meet, a thunderstorm forms. Her symbol is a sickle which is still employed as a device to ward off evil....
Goddess name
"Marinette"
Haiti An goddess of the earth Haiti
God name
"Marruni"
Melanesia God of earthquakes Melanesia
Goddess name
"Masaya"
Nicaragua Goddess of fire volcanoes and earthquakes Nicaragua
Goddess name
"Mat"
Slavic Goddess of the earth Slavic
Goddess name
"Mat/ Zemlya Syra"
Slavonic The earth goddess
Spirit name
"Medr"
Ethiopia Ancient earth spirit, gender unknown Ethiopia
Goddess name
"Melinoe"
Greek Or Chthonia, may mean the subterraneous, or the goddess of the earth, that is, the protectress of the fields, whence it is used as a surname of infernal divinities, such as Hecate, but especially of Demeter. Greek
Goddess name
"Mictecacihuatl"
Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Chthonic underworld god. One of a pair of deities with MICTLANTECUHTLI. In the primeval waters of the cosmos, they generated the monstrous goddess CIPACTLI, from whom the earth was formed....
Goddess name
"Mictlantecuhtli"
Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Chthonic underworld god. The creator of the underworld, Mictlan. Depicted with a skull-like appearance and protruding teeth. Also one of a pair of deities with MICTECACIHUATL. In the primeval waters of the cosmos, they generated the monstrous goddess CIPACTLI, from whom the earth was formed. In alternative traditions he is the god of the sixth of the thirteen heavens, Ilhuicatl Mamalhuazocan (the heaven of the fire drill), or he is one of the gods who support the lowest heaven at the four cardinal points. Mictlantecuhtli is perceived to reside in the south (codices Borgia and Vaticanus B). He is also one of the four great temple deities (codices Borgia, Cospi and Fejervery-Mayer)....
King name
"Midas-eared"
Greek Without discrimination or judgment. Midas, king of Phrygia, was appointed to judge a musical contest between Apollo and Pan, and gave judgment in favour of the satyr; whereupon Apollo in contempt gave the king a pair of ass's ears. Midas hid them under his Phrygian cap; out his servant, who used to cut his hair, discovered them, and was so tickled at the "joke," which he durst not mention, that he dug a hole in the earth, and relieved his mind by whispering in it "Midas has ass's ears." Greek
God name
"Midgard"
Norse The mid-yard, middle-town, that is, the earth, is a mythological word common to all the ancient Teutonic languages. The Icelandic Edda alone has preserved the true mythical bearing of this old Teutonic word. The earth (Midgard), the abode of men, is situated in the middle of the universe, bordered by mountains and surrounded by the great sea; on the other side of this sea is the Utgard (out-yard), the abode of the giants; the Midgard is defended by the yard or burgh Asgard (the burgh of the gods) lying in the middle (the heaven being conceived as rising above the earth). Thus the earth and mankind are represented as a stronghold besieged by the powers of evil from without, defended by the gods from above and from within. Norse
God name
"Minato-No-Kami"
Shinto / Japan God of river mouths and estuaries. The son of IZANAGI and IZANAMI and father of the heavenly and earthly water dividers....

"Miryai dMagdala aka Mary Magdalene"
Nazorean Miryai dMagdala aka Mary Magdalene, revered by the Order of Nazorean Essenes as the earthly spouse and chief disciple of Yeshu the Nazorean (Jesus) and as an incarnation of the Maiden of Light. Early Nazorean
God name
"Modimo"
Tswana / Botswana, South Africa Universal god. A monotheistic deity possibly, though not with certainty, influenced by Christianity. Not specifically a creator god, since the universe and MODIMO have “always been.” Perceived as the river of existence which flows endlessly through space and time. He rules the light and dark opposites in the universe, as well as the proper order of life on earth....
God name
"Modimo o mogolo"
Bantu High God who made the sky and the earth, and when he had finished them he climbed up into the sky (conceived, of course, as a solid vault) by driving in pegs on which he set his feet, taking out each one as soon as he had stepped on the next, so that people should not be able to follow him. And in the sky he has lived ever since. Bantu
God name
"Mugasa"
Bambuti The moon god who originally lived among humankind in an earthly Paradise. But, because humans disobeyed his commandments he retreated to the heavens. Since then humans are mortal. Bambuti
God name
"Mulungu"
Africa A creator God of the Nyamwezi people of Tanzania in eastern Africa. Despite being the creator and protector of the world, he is distant and has little contact with anyone. It is said that he once lived on earth, but when someone set fire to the landscape he asked a spider to spin him a web to climb up into the sky, where he lives today. He is revered now as a sky god, with thunder as his voice.
God name
"Munjem Malik"
Kafir / Afghanistan Chthonic or earth god. He appears as a rival and possible predecessor of the god IMRA, but one whose realm is in the earth rather than the sky. Imra controls mountains and high pastures. Munjem Malik rules the earth of the valleys. He presides over the council of gods. His main sanctuary was at Arte in the Parun valley where a large boulder represented his head....
God name
"Munjen Malik"
Kafir / Afghanistan A chthonic earth god
God name
"Musisi"
Uganda God of earthquakes. Uganda
Goddess name
"NAMMU"
Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian / Iraq Chthonic creator and birth goddess. Nammu is identified in various texts as the goddess of the watery deeps. As a consort of AN she is the mother of ENKI and the power of the riverbed to produce water. Alternatively Nammu is the progenitrix of An and KI, the archetypal deities of heaven and earth. She also engendered other early gods and in one poem is the mother of all mortal life. She molded clay collected by creatures called sig-en-sig-du and brought it to life, thus creating mankind. She is attended by seven minor goddesses and may ultimately have become syncretized with NINHURSAG A....
Goddess name
"NINURTA (lord plough)"
Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian / Iraq God of thunderstorms and the plough. Ninurta is the Sumerian god of farmers and is identified with the plough. He is also the god of thunder and the hero of the Sumerian pantheon, closely linked with the confrontation battles between forces of good and evil that characterize much of Mesopotamian literature. He is one of several challengers of the malignant dragon or serpent Kur said to inhabit the empty space between the earth's crust and the primeval sea beneath. Ninurta is the son of Enlil and Ninhursaga a, alternatively Ninlil, and is the consort of Gula, goddess of healing. He is attributed with the creation of the mountains which he is said to have built from giant stones with which he had fought against the demon Asag. He wears the horned helmet and tiered skirt and carries a weapon Sarur which becomes personified in the texts, having its own intelligence and being the chief adversary, in the hands of Ninurta, of Kur. He carries the double-edged scimitar-mace embellished with lions' heads and, according to some authors, is depicted in nonhuman form as the thunderbird lmdugud (sling stone), which bears the head of a lion and may represent the hailstones of the god. His sanctuary is the E-padun-tila. Ninurta is perceived as a youthful warrior and probably equates with the Babylonian heroic god Marduk. His cult involved a journey to Eridu from both Nippur and Girsu. He may be compared with Is”kur, who was worshiped primarily by herdsmen as a storm god....
God name
"Nahui Oiiin (earthquake sun)"
Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Creator god. According to most of the codices, at the time of the Spanish conquest there had been four previous world ages, each represented by a Sun and terminated by a cataclysm. Ollin, the fifth Sun, was created at Teotihuacan and at the conquest was just under 2,000 years old. It is presided over by the god TONATIUH. Each creation is considered to last 2028 x 52 terrestrial years and the present one is destined to be destroyed by a great earthquake. Tradition has it that Ollin was originally a sickly or humble deity named NANAHUATL (the diseased one). Also (4)Ollin; Ollintonatiuh....
God name
"Nai No Kami"
Japan God of earthquakes. Japan
Deities name
"Nai-No-Kami"
Shinto / Japan earthquake god. One of the RAIJIN deities responsible for thunder, storms and Rain. His worship began in AD 599....
God name
"Nainuema"
Uitoto Indian / South America Creator god. He created the earth from his own imagination and stamped upon it until it was flat. He then engendered the Forests and other living things from his saliva....

"Naionuema Uitoto"
S America Created the earth from its own imagination South America
Goddess name
"Nakawe"
Huchol Goddess of the earth Huchol
Angel name
"Nama"
Greek A daughter of the race of man, who was beloved by the angel Zaraph. Her one wish was to love purely, intensely, and holily; but she fixed her love on a seraph, a creature, more than her Creator; therefore, in punishment, she was condemned to abide on earth, "unchanged in heart and frame," so long as the earth endureth; but when time is no more, both she and her angel lover will be admitted into those courts "where love never dies." Hebrew
Goddess name
"Nambi"
Uganda sky goddess who came to earth and married Kintu, the first man. Uganda
Goddess name
"Nana Buruku"
Cuba Goddess of earth and water Cuba

"Nehalennia"
S America The queen of the Dead moon Circus who is trapped within a mirror and searching for the legendary Golden Crystal, which will allow Nehellenia to break free of her entrapment and take over the earth. Sailor moon
God name
"Neur"
Kataragama God and maker of heaven and earth. Kataragama
God name
"Niamye"
Baule / Ivory Coast, West Africa Creator god. He engendered a consort for himself and proceeded to create all other living things on earth. His anger is evidenced by lightning and thunderbolts....
Angel name
"Nidbai"
Nazorean Ned-vay (and Silmai) - Two angelic ones who make baptisms valid on a spiritual level. heavenly Helpers of earthly Nazoreans in becoming pure. "He who established prayers." Signs with the pure sign in baptism. Early Nazorean
Goddess name
"Nikkal"
Canaan Great Lady and Fruitful. Goddess of the fruits of the earth. Canaan

"Nilalohita"
Hindu Sent by Shiva to take birth on earth to drive away the insanity of the people under the preachings of the Mayavadis and to propagate Srouta Sivaradhya Sampradayam. Hindu
Goddess name
"Ninhursagaa/ Nintu"
Mesopotamia / Sumeria / Babylon / Akkadian / Iraq The goddess of the earth and creator of humans, fertility & productivity

"Ninigi"
Japan The son of Ame no Oshihomimi no Mikoto, and grandson of Amaterasu, who sent him down to earth to plant rice there. He was the grandfather of Emperor Jimmu. Amaterasu sent him to pacify Japan by bringing the three celestial gifts used by the emperor. The sword, Kusanagi, the mirror, Yata no kagami, and the jewel, Yasakani no magatama. Japan
Goddess name
"Ninigi (Prince)"
Shinto / Japan Ancestral god. The deity who, according to tradition, is the heir apparent of the Sun goddess Amaterasu. He was sent to earth from heaven to rule at the behest of the gods. His parents are Taka-Mi-Musubi and Ame-No-OshiHo-Mimi and he takes the title of “divine grandchild.” He is the ancestral deity of the imperial dynasties....
Goddess name
"Ninmah aka Ninhursag"
Sumeria Was the earth and mother-goddess, one of the seven great deities of Sumer. Sumeria
Goddess name
"Ninsikil"
Mesopotamian / Sumerian The goddess of Dilmun. The patron deity of the mythical Paradise land of Dilmun which seems to have been perceived as somewhere off the coast of the Persian Gulf but firmly beyond the frontiers of Sumer. It is Ninsikil who pleads with Enki to provide the earth with the boon of fresh water in the sacred rivers Tigris and Euphrates....
Goddess name
"Nintu"
Sumeria Ninhursag, the earth and mother-goddess, one of the seven great deities of Sumer. She is principally a fertility goddesses. Sumeria

"Nokomis"
Hiawatha Daughter of the moon. Sporting one day with her maidens on a swing made of vine canes, a rival cut the swing, and Nokomis fell to earth, where she gave birth to a daughter named Wenonah. Hiawatha
Deities name
"Nsab and Anan-Ns'ab"
Nazorean Nsab means the implanter or impregnator, Anan Nsab means spouse of the planter. Fertility deities. heavenly Helpers of earthly Nazoreans in implanting righteousness, goodness and virtue within others. Early Nazorean
Spirit name
"Nu'tenut"
Chukchee / E Siberia An earth spirit that is the owner of the world
Spirit name
"Nu'tenut"
Chukchee / eastern Siberia earth spirit. The owner of the world who sits in a large house built of iron. He is surrounded by the spirits of Sun, moon, sky, sea, dawn, darkness and world who are suitors for his daughter (unnamed)....
Spirit name
"Nu'tenut Chukchee"
East earth spirit who is the owner of the world Siberia(East)
Deities name
"Numbakulla"
Australia Were two sky gods who created all life on earth, including humans, from the Inapertwa. Afterwards, they became lizards. The Numakulla are sometimes described as a dual-aspect deity rather than two separate deities. Australia

"Nyambi"
Africa In the beginning Nyambi made all things. He made animals, birds. At that time he lived on earth with his wife, Nasilele. Africa
God name
"Nymphae"
Greek The name of a numerous class of inferior female divinities, though they are designated by the title of Olympian, are called to the meetings of the gods in Olympus, and described as the daughters of Zeus. But they were believed to dwell on earth in groves, on the summits of mountains, in rivers, streams, glens, and grottoes. Greek
Goddess name
"Nzambi"
Africa Goddess of justice, the earth and of death. Africa
God name
"Nzame"
Gabon A three in one god: Nzame, Mebere, and Nkwa. It was the Nzame part of the god that created the universe and the earth, and brought life to it. Gabon
Deities name
"Nzapa"
Ngbandi / Democratic Republic of Congo, central Africa Creator god. One of seven deities invoked at Sunrise each morning. The progenitor of all life on earth, he also gave mankind laws and controls destiny or fate. He has four children who specifically appear in the guise of palm trees....
God name
"O-Kuni-Nushi-No-Mikoto"
Shinto / Japan Creator god. The great organizer and consolidator of the earth in the creation mythology of Shintoism. He took up his duties after IZANAGI and IZANAMI had created the land. Tradition has it that he first underwent a series of ordeals and then reigned over the world. He has many consorts and innumerable offspring....
Goddess name
"Oanuava"
Celtic An ancient earth Goddess from Celtic Gaul
God name
"Obassi Nsi"
Ekoi One of the two creator gods. He decided to live on the earth and taught the first humans about planting crops and hunting for food. Ekoi

"Obtala"
Santeria Came down from heaven to the earth with a sea-shell, guinea hen, sand and a chicken. Obtala poured the sand on the waters, and dropped the hen on the earth. The hen scratched the sand and created earth's first land mass. Santeria
God name
"Oceanus"
Greek The god of the river Oceanus, by which, according to the most ancient notions of the Greeks, the whole earth was surrounded. An account of this river belongs to mythical geography, and we shall here confine ourselves to describing the place which Oceanus holds in the ancient cosmogony. Greek
God name
"Ocelotl"
Aztec the Sun god but then a first of the five world ages - they last for 2028 heavenly years & each heavenly year = 52 earth years
God name
"Ocelotl"
Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Creator god. The Sun deity representing the first of the five world ages, each of which lasted for 2,028 heavenly years, each heavenly year being fiftytwo terrestrial years. Assigned to the earth and presided over by TEZCATLIPOCA. According to tradition, the age was populated by a race of giants and it ended in a catalclysmic destruction caused by huge and ferocious jaguars which devoured them. Illustrated by the Stone of the Four Suns [Yale Peabody Museum]. Also Ocelotonatiuh; Yoaltonatiuh; Tlalchitonatiuh....

"Ockabewis"
Chippewa The first earth was called Ca'ca and the inhabitants were not wise so the creator sent a man to teach them. This man was called ockabewis, the messenger, and the first thing he taught them was how to make fire by means of a bow and a stick and a bit of decayed wood. Chippewa
Supreme god name
"Oduduwa"
Yoruba The son of the supreme God Olodumare or Olorun, and was sent by him from heaven to create the earth. Descending from the heavens via a chain let down to Ile Ife, Oduduwa brought with him a chicken, some soil in a snail shell, and a calabash. After throwing the soil upon the waters, he set the cock on the soil who in turn scratched and scattered it around to create the rest of dry land that became the earth's surface. Yoruba
Supreme god name
"Oduduwa"
Yoruba The son of the supreme God Olodumare or Olorun, and was sent by him from heaven to create the earth. Descending from the heavens via a chain let down to Ile Ife, Oduduwa brought with him a chicken, some soil in a snail shell, and a calabash. After throwing the soil upon the waters, he set the cock on the soil who in turn scratched and scattered it around to create the rest of dry land that became the earth's surface. Yoruba
Supreme god name
"Oduduwa"
Yoruba / Nigeria, West Africa Creator goddess. The consort, or alternatively the daughter, of the supreme god OLODUMARE. She is perceived as the substance, or matrix, of the earth which Olodumare impregnated to generate life. She is also a goddess of war and her sons include the great heroic Yoruba god OGUN. According to some traditions Oduduwa is also perceived as a god....
God name
"Olodumare"
Yoruba / Nigeria, West Africa Creator god. He engendered the god OBATALA as his deputy. The souls of the dead are expected to make confession to Olodumare. When he created the earth, he filled a snail's shell with dirt, placed inside it a hen and a pigeon and threw it down, whereupon the hen and pigeon began to scatter the earth and create land. Olodumare then sent a chameleon to report on progress. Sand was added, followed by a palm, a coconut and a kola nut tree. When these were established the god placed on earth the first sixteen humans. Also Alaaye; Elemii; Olojo Oni; Olorun; Orishanla....
Angel name
"Omophorus"
Nazorean The angel who supports the earth on his shoulders, just like atlas. Early Nazorean
Goddess name
"Onuava"
Celtic Goddess of earth and fertility, known only from inscriptions Celtic / Gaelic
Goddess name
"Onuava"
Celtic / Gallic Fertility goddess. Associated with the earth and known only from inscriptions....

"Ops"
Roman A female Roman divinity of plenty and fertility, as is indicated by her name, which is connected with opimus opulentus, inops, and copia. She was regarded as the wife of Saturnus, and, accordingly, as the protectress of every thing connected with Agriculture. Her abode was in the earth, and hence those who invoked her, or made vows to her, used to touch the ground, and as she was believed to give to human beings both their place of abode and their food, newly-born children were recommended to her care.

"Orekajuvakai"
Brazil The demiurge who vomited forth men from the bowels of the earth. The Tereno, Brazil

"Orgoglio"
Italy Means "Arrogant Pride," or The Man of Sin. A hideous giant as tall as three men; he was son of earth and wind. Italy
God name
"Orisanla"
Nigeria Orishanla, sky god who was designated to be the creator of earth and living things. Nigeria
God name
"Orisanla"
Yoruba / Nigeria, West Africa sky god. Delegated by OLODUMARE as a creator of earth and living things....
Goddess name
"Otontecuhtli aka Xiuhtecuhtli"
Aztec Goddess of the earth, flowers, plants, games and dance, love. She is also the patroness of artisans, prostitutes, pregnant women and birth. Aztec
Goddess name
"Ouranos"
Greek The primordial goddess of heaven and created and was the consort of the earth mother Gaia
God name
"Ouranos"
Greek Primordial god of heaven. The creator and incestuous consort of the earth mother GAIA with whom he engendered six giant sons—OKEANOS, Koeos, Kreos, HYPERION, IAPETOS and KRONOS—and six daughters—Klymene, RHEA, THEA, THETIS, MNEMOSYNE and Phoebe—the twelve collectively being known as the TITANS. fearing their power, Ouranos hurled them into the abyss of Tartaros and chained them up....

"P'an-ku"
China Born from the primordial cosmic egg, and the mass divided into the heavens and the earth. From his eyes the Sun and moon appeared, from his sweat, Rain and dew, from his voice, thunder, and from his body all the natural features of the earth arose. Southern China