GodFinder
ALL A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

God Name and Meaning

List of Gods   : "later"

NameOriginDescription
Goddess name "Aditi (the free one)" Hindu / Vedic Archaic mother goddess. According to the Rg Veda Aditi is said to be the wife of KASYAPA or of BRAHMA and mother of the ADITYAS, a group of minor gods including MITRA, ARYAMAN, BHAGA, VARUNA, DAKSA and Anisa. No other consort is mentioned in the literature. She is also accounted as the mother of HARI. Other legends account her as the mother of the Rain god INDRA. No human physical features are drawn, though she is sometimes identified in the guise of a cow. Aditi is also perceived as a guardian goddess who brings prosperity and who can free her devotees from problems and clear away obstacles. She disappears largely from later Hindu traditions....
Goddess name "Aditya (descendant of Aditi)" Hindu / Vedic / Puranic Collective name for Sun gods. These numbered six in Vedic times but later increased to twelve. The sons of the primordial goddess ADITI. Also an epithet for SURYA. Attributes: two or more lotuses....
Spirit name "Agathos Daimon (good demon)" Greco - Roman God of fortune. Known locally from Alexandria and depicted in the form of a snake. May have originated as an androgynous fertility spirit, but later becomes identified as the consort of Agathe Tyche (see TYCHE). Libations were made regularly to this deity after meals and he was regarded as a friendly household guardian....
God name "Aglibol" Pre - Islamic northern Arabian moon god. Known from Palmyra and linked with the Sun god Yarhibol. The cult continued into Hellenic times and was later extended to Rome. Attributes include a sickle moon....
Deities name "Ame-No-Minaka-Nushi-No-Kami" Shinto (Exalted Musubi deity), who is later related to the gods of the heaven; Kami-musubi no Kami (Sacred Musubi deity), related to the gods of the earth; and Ame no Minaka-nushi no Kami (Heavenly Centre-Ruling deity). Some Shinto scholars hold that all Shinto deities are manifestations of Ame no Minaka-nushi no Kami.
Goddess name "Ame-No-Taiabata-Hime-No-Mikoto" Shinto / Japan Astral goddess of weavers. One of two star apotheoses who are, according to tradition, deeply in love with each other. Her partner is HIKOBOSHI. Her name is generally abbreviated to Tanabata, the title of a festival in honor of the goddess which became a national event in Japan in AD 755. The festival later became merged with the Tibetan Bon Ullumbana festival of the dead. Also Shokujo....
Goddess name "Amma (2)" Dogon / Mali, West Africa Creator god. He first created the Sun by baking a clay pot until it was white hot and coiling a band of copper around it eight times. He created the moon in similar fashion but used brass. Black people were created from Sunlight and white from moonlight. Later, having circumcised the earth goddess, whose clitoris was an anthill, he impregnated her and produced the first creature, a jackal. Next he fertilized her with Rain to engender plant life and finally became the father of mankind....
God name "Anm (1)" Mesopotamian / BabylonianAkkadian Creator god. Consort of ANTU(m). Derived from the older Sumerian god AN. Anu features strongly in the akitu festival in Babylon, Uruk and other cities until the Hellenic period and possibly as late as 200 BC. Some of his later pre-eminence may be attributable to identification with the Greek god of heaven, ZEUS, and with OURANOS....
Goddess name "Anunnaki" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian Children and courtiers of the god of heaven. Known from at least 2500 BC until circa 200BC (in Babylon). The Anunnaki originate as chthonic fertility deities but later feature as the seven fearsome judges of the underworld who answer to Kur and ERES KIGAL and who are responsible for passing sentences of death including that placed on the goddess INANA. They are often closely identified with the IGIGI....
God name "Apulu Later Aplu" Etruscan Sun god, often depicted in art with a staff and laurel branches. He was clearly derived from the Greek god Apollo. Etruscan
God name "Ares" Greek The god of war and one of the great Olympian gods of the Greeks. He is represented as the son of Zeus and Hera. A later tradition, according to which Hera conceived Ares by touching a certain flower, appears to be an imitation of the legend about the birth of Hephaestus, and is related by Ovid.
Goddess name "Arinna" Hittite The "sun goddess of Arinna". As well as the weather God later associated with the Hurrian "Teshup", Arinna, the Sun goddess and their children are all deriviations from the former Hatti Pantheon. Hittite
God name "Artaius" Celtic God of sheep and cattle herders from Celtic Gaul. Later, the Romans identified him with Mercury.
Demon name "Asuras" Hindu / Vedic sky gods. Identified in the opening of the Rg Veda, they become demonic in later Hinduism, the antagonists of the DEVA gods....
"Athena" Greek One of the great divinities of the Greeks. Homer calls her a daughter of Zeus, without any allusion to her mother or to the manner in which she was called into existence, while most of the later traditions agree in stating that she was born from the head of Zeus. According to the Theogony of Hesiod, Metis, the first wife of Zeus, was the mother of Athena, but when Metis was pregnant with her, Zeus, on the advice of Gaea and Uranus, swallowed Metis up, and afterwards gave birth himself to Athena, who sprang from his head.
King name "Atli" Icelandic  In the Volsunga Saga Atli is a king corresponding to Etzel in the Nibelungenlied; he marries Gudrun and invites her brothers to court, where they are treacherously slain. Gudrun avenges them by killing her own and Atli's two sons, and later, Atli himself.
Goddess name "BAAL (lord)" Western Semitic / Canaanite / northern Israel, Lebanon / later Egypt vegetation deity and national god. Baal may have originated in pre-agricultural times as god of storms and Rain. He is the son of DAGAN and in turn is the father of seven storm gods, the Baalim of the Vetus Testamentum, and seven midwife goddesses, the SASURATUM. He is considered to have been worshiped from at least the nineteenth century BC. Later he became a vegetation god concerned with fertility of the land. From the mid-sixteenth century BC in the Egyptian New kingdom, Baal enjoyed a significant cult following, but the legend of his demise and restoration was never equated with that of OSIRIS. In the Greco-Roman period, Baal became assimilated in the Palestine region with ZEUS and JUPITER, but as a Punic deity [Carthage] he was allied with SATURNUS, the god of seed-sowing....
Spirit name "Ba (2)" Egypt / Lower Ram god. A fertility deity from early in Egyptian religion invoked particularly at Mendes. In a later cult, the name ba comes to represent the spirituality of a deity, often represented in an animal, e.g. the bull, or the mortal manifestation of a god as pharaoh....
"Bab" Arabia The founder and prophet of Babism. He was a merchant from Shiraz, who at the age of twenty-five claimed to be the promised Qa'im (or Mihdi). After his declaration he took the title of Bab meaning "Gate". six years later he was shot by a firing squad in Tabriz.
"Bacis" Greek Seems to have been originally only a common noun derived from to speak, and to have signified any prophet or speaker. In later times, however, Bacis was regarded as a proper noun, and the ancients distinguish several seers of this name. Greek
Goddess name "Badi Mata" Hindu / northern Indian Mother goddess. A SAKTI and one of the seven SAPTAMATARAS (mothers) who in later Hinduism became regarded as of evil intent, attacking children during puberty. Particularly recognized in Bengal....
God name "Banebdjedet" Egypt Ba of the Lord of Mendes a fertility god and originally a ram with horns shaped like cork-screws, later he was often thought of as a he-goat. According to Herodotus his followers did not sacrifice goats. Egypt
God name "Benu" Egypt / Upper Transmuted bird-like form of a Sun god. A deity mentioned in Pyramid Texts (circa twenty-fifth century BC) and linked with the Sun god of Heliopolis, ATUM. He is also said to have been self-created from the primeval ocean and is sometimes a symbol of rebirth in the afterlife. Benu may have augmented the Greek classical tradition of the Phoenix. He appears in the Old kingdom as a yellow wagtail but later becomes a heron, wearing the conical white crown of Upper Egypt with two slender feathers pointing backwards from its crest....
God name "Bhairava (terrible)" Hindu / Puranic / later Minor frightful form of the god SIVA. Guardian deity of doorways. A so-called ugra aspect, generally depicted in similar style to Siva but with up to five heads and ten arms and said to have been born from Siva's blood. Attributes: hook and noose. Aspects and epithets include Kalaratri, KSETRAPALA and MAHAKALA. Also Bhairon, linked with the cult of dogs and BHAIRAVA, one of a group of MAHAVIDYAS personifying the SAKTI of Siva....
God name "Bhumiya (guardian of fields)" Hindu / Vedic / Puranic / northern India Fertility god. Guardian deity of fields, worshiped as a rough stone icon. In later times a form of VIS NU....
Goddess name "Brahmahii" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Mother goddess. A SAKTI who in later Hinduism became one of the group of eight ASTAMATARAS or mothers. In another grouping one of nine NAVASAKTIS or mothers. She is attended by a goose and wears a yellow robe. Attributes: Book, label, rosary, trident and water jar. Also Brahmi....
Goddess name "Brhaspati (lord of prayer)" Hindu / Vedic, Epic / Puranic Astral god. The personification of the planet Jupiter. In Vedic texts he appears as a priest. The son of Angiras and the guru of the later Hindu pantheon. Considered to be almost identical with BRAHMA. His consort is the goddess TARA and his son is Kaca. He rides in a chariot drawn by eight horses. Color: golden yellow. Attributes: arrow, ax (golden), Book, bow, rosary, staff and water jar....
God name "Bubilas" Lithuania A household god of bees. Later hypothetical reconstructions say that people sacrificed honey for Bubilas. People believed that doing so would make bees swarm better. Bubilas is the husband of Austeja. Lithuania
God name "Bubilas" Lithuanian A household god of bees. Later hypothetical reconstructions say that people sacrificed honey for Bubilas. People believed that doing so would make bees swarm better. Bubilas is the husband of Austeja. Lithuanian
Goddess name "COATLICUE (the serpent-skirted goddess)" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Mother goddess. The creator goddess of the earth and mankind and the female aspect of OMETEOTL. One of the group classed as the TETEOINNAN complex. She has 400 sons, the stars of the southern sky, and is the mother of the goddess COYOLXAUHQUI. Later, as a widow, she was impregnated by a ball of feathers as she was sweeping the “serpent mountain” of Coatepec near Tula. Her other children decapitated her as punishment for her dishonor, but she gave birth to the Sun god HUITZILOPOCHTLI who subsequently slew Coyolxauhqui and her brothers, thus banishing night for day. According to tradition Coatlicue feeds off human corpses. She is also recognized as the patron deity of florists....
Goddess name "Cailleach Bheur" Celtic / Scottish Goddess of Winter. Depicted as a blue-faced hag who is reborn on October 31 (Samhain). She brings the snow until the goddess BRIGIT deposes her and she eventually turns to stone on April 30 (Beltine). In later times the mythical, witch-like figure of “Black Annis” probably derived from her....
Goddess name "Charis" Greek Minor goddess. The consort of HEPHAIS TOS. Later the name becomes more familiar as the GRATIAE or Graces (Aglaia, Euphrosine and Thalea) who then become the Charites in the Roman pantheon....
God name "Daksa (skilled and able)" Hindu / Vedic / Puranic Sun god. The son of BRAHMA and ADITI, he is an ADITYA and demiurge. His consort is PRASUTI, and he is said to have had up to sixty daughters. He appears in conflict with his son-in-law SIVA as the main offender against Siva's consort SATI (accounted as one of his daughters), who was so insulted by Daksa that she committed suicide by jumping into a ritual fire. Siva took revenge by decapitating Daksa but later, after intercession from other gods, Brahma brought him back to life, giving him the substitute head of a sacrificial goat. Attribute: head of a goat. Also PRAJAPATI....
"Dardanus" Greek A son of Zeus and Electra, the daughter of Atlas. He was the brother of Jasus, Jasius, Jason, or Jasion, Aetion and Harmonia, and his native place in the various traditions is Arcadia, Crete, Troas, or Italy. Dardanus is the mythical ancestor of the Trojans, and through them of the Romans. It is necessary to distinguish between the earlier Greek legends and the later ones which we meet with in the poetry of Italy. Greek
God name "Dei Lucrii" Roman Early gods of wealth, profit, commerce and trade. They were later subsumed by Mercury. Roman
Deities name "Deva (the god)" Hindu / Vedic / Puranic Generic name of a god. Originally, in the Rg Veda, thirty or thirty-three devas are indicated, divided into three groups of eleven. In later Hinduism, the term deva is generally applied to deities not included in the chief triad of BRAHMA, VISNU and SIVA....
God name "Dhanvantari" Hindu / Puranic / Vedic / Epic God of the Sun who later became an avatar of the god Visnu. Hindu / Puranic / Vedic / Epic
God name "Dhanvantari (traveling through an arc)" Hindu / Vedic, Epic / Puranic Sun god. In later tradition a minor incarnation or avatara of the god VISNU, also closely associated with Medicine. In Vedic mythology Dhanvantari carried the ambrosia created from the primeval ocean of milk. He brought medical science to mankind. Only as the religion evolved did he become identified as an avatara. As KANTATMAN (PRADYUMNA), he is thought to be Kama reincarnated after his death at the hands of SIVA. Various other epithets and existences are attributed to this deity. Offerings are due to him at dusk in the northeastern quarter. He is the guardian deity of hospitals which are usually in the vicinity of a sanctuary of Vis”nu. Attributes: two bowls containing ambrosia. Also Kantatman....
Goddess name "Dhatar (creator)" Hindu / Puranic Sun god. An original Vedic list of six descendants of the goddess ADITI or Adityas, all of whom take the role of Sun gods was, in later times, enlarged to twelve, including Dhatar. Color: golden. Attributes: two lotuses, lotus rosary and waterjar. Also Dhatr....
God name "Enki aka Ea" Mesopotamia / Sumeria A deity later known as Ea in Babylonian mythology, originally chief God of the city of Eridu. Mesopotamia / Sumeria
God name "Eros" Greek In Latin, Amor or Cupido, the god of love. In the sense in which he is usually conceived, Eros is the creature of the later Greek poets; and in order to understand the ancients properly we must distinguish three Erotes: viz. the Eros of the ancient cosmogonies, the Eros of the philosophers and mysteries, who bears great resemblance to the first, and the Eros whom we meet with in the epigrammatic and erotic poets, whose witty and playful descriptions of the god, however, can scarcely be considered as a part of the ancient religious belief of the Greeks. Greek
God name "Euros" Greco - Roman God of the east winds. One of the sons of EOS. Particularly known from Sparta and later Romanized as Eurus....
Goddess name "Fand" Irish An early Irish sea goddess, later described as a "Queen of the Fairies". Her name is variously translated as "Pearl of beauty"; or "A Tear". She is seen as the most beautiful of goddesses.
Goddess name "Flora" Roman Goddess of gardens, plants, flowers, love, prostitution,spring and youth. Her festival was celebrated from the 28th of April till the first of May, with extravagant merriment and lasciviousness. The resemblance between the names Flora and Chloris led the later Romans to identify the two divinities. Roman
God name "Gilgames" Sumeria Early historical king of Uruk, who later became and deified and was considered a god of the underworld. Sumeria
Goddess name "Glipzo" Discworld The Howondalandish tribe of this Goddess believed that their ancestors resided in the moon. After a signal from their ancestors they were urged to kill anyone who didn't believe in Glipzo. Three years later the tribe was destroyed by a rock falling out of the sky, as a result of a star exploding a billion years before. Discworld
Goddess name "Gulsilia Mata" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Mother goddess. A SAKTI who in later Hinduism became regarded as of evil intent, inflicting sickness. Particularly known from Bengal....
God name "HERYSAF (he who is upon his lake)" ORIGIN Egypt Primeval deity associated both with Osiris and Re. Herys”af is a ram god said to have emerged from the primeval ocean, possibly recreated in the form of a sacred lake at Hnes, the capital of Lower Egypt for a time at the beginning of the third millennium (during the First Intermediate Period). The god is depicted with a human torso and the head of a ram wearing the atef crown of Lower Egypt. Herys”af began as a local deity but took on national importance as the soul (ba) of RE, and of OSIRIS. Herys”af 's sanctuary was enlarged by Rameses II and the god is said to have protected the life of the last Egyptian pharaoh when the Persian and later Macedonian dominations began. He eventually became syncretized with HERAKLES in Greco-Roman culture and Hnes became known as Herakleopolis....
Goddess name "Hala" Kassite / Iraq Goddess of healing. Probably later syncretized with the Akkadian goddess GULA....
God name "Harakhte or Harakhtes" Egypt The Sun God and mythical first pharaoh, son of Isis and Osiris. Represented as falcon headed god he was later absorbed by Ra. Egypt
God name "Haru-pa-khart" Egypt Harpocrates God of the rising Sun. Horus the Child, son of Isis and Osiris, originally a god of youth and vigor, later taking on the aspects of the Sun-god. At Mendes he was the son of Hat-mehit. Egypt
Demon name "Hayagriva (horse neck)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic (1) The most significant minor incarnation of the god VIS'NU. He probably originated as a horse god and later became an avatara associated with wisdom and knowledge. At the behest of BRAHMA, Hayagriva rescued the Vedas, stolen by two demons, from the bottom of the primeval ocean. Depicted in human form with the head of a horse and, according to the texts, eight hands. Attributes: Book (Veda), horse's mane and rosary. Also the attributes of Vis'nu. Also Hayasirsa, Vadavavaktra.(2) Patron god of horses. Buddhist-Lamaist [Tibet]. One of a group of DHARMAPALA with terrible appearance and royal attire, he is considered to be an emanation of AKSOBHYA or AMITABHA. His SAKTI is MARICI. Color: red. Attributes: horse heads, staff and trident, but also arrow, ax, banner, bow, club, flames, flower, image of Aksobhya or Amitabha on the crown, lotus, noose, prayer wheel, skin, snakes, sword and trident. Three-eyed....
Goddess name "Heket aka Heqet" Egypt Hekit, Heget, goddess of childbirth and midwives. Later, as a fertility goddess, associated with the flooding of the nile, and with the germination of corn, she became associated with the last stages of childbirth. Egypt
God name "Hephaestus" Greek The god of fire, was, according to the Homeric account, the son of Zeus and Hera The Romans, when speaking of the Greek Hephaestus, call him Vulcan or Vulcanus, although Vulcanus was an original Italian divinity. Later traditions state that he had no father, and that Hera gave birth to him independent of Zeus, as she was jealous of Zeus having given birth to Athena independent of her. Greek
Goddess name "Horae" Greek Horai, originally the personifications or goddesses of the order of nature and of the seasons, but in later times they were regarded as the goddesses of order in general and of justice. In Homer, who neither mentions their parents nor their number, they are the Olympian divinities of the weather and the ministers of Zeus; and in this capacity they guard the doors of Olympus, and promote the fertility of the earth, by the various kinds of weather they send down. Greek
Goddess name "Huruing Wuhti" Hopi In the Hopi Indian creation story, they were a pair of women who survived the Great Flood. The Huruing Wuhti were later venerated as mother goddesses, because they gave birth to the Hopi people.
Goddess name "Inanna" Mesopotamia Inana, the original "Holy Virgin," as the Sumerians called her, is the first known divinity associated with the planet Venus. This Sumerian goddess became identified with the Semitic goddesses Ishtar and later Astarte, Egyptian Isis, Greek Aphrodite, Etruscan Turan and the Roman Venus. Mesopotamia
Goddess name "Indrani" Hindu / Vedic / Puranic Goddess of wrath. Daughter of Puloman, a demonic figure killed by the god INDRA, and the SAKTI and consort of Indra. One of seven MATARAS (mothers) who in later Hinduism became regarded as of evil intent. Also one of a group of eight ASTAMATARAS personifying jealousy (also named Aindri in this capacity). In another grouping one of nine NAVASAKTIS or astral deities who, in southern India, rank higher than the SAPTAMATARAS. Her attendant animal is either an elephant or a lion. Attributes: hook, rosary, Santana flower, staff and waterjar. One thousand-eyed. Also Aindri; Mahendri; Paulomi; Saci; Sujata....
Goddess name "Ino" Greek Greek heroine who raised the infant Dionysus. Later she was elevated to a sea goddess under the name of Leukothea. Greek
"Irus" Greek A son of Actor, and father of Eurydamas and Eurytion. He propitiated Peleus for the murder of his brother but during the chase of the Calydonian boar, Peleus unintentionally killed Eurytion, the son of Irus, Peleus endeavoured to soothe him by offering him his flocks but Irus would not accept them, and at the command of an oracle, Peleus allowed them to run wherever they pleased. A wolf devoured the sheep, but was thereupon changed into a stone, which was shown in later times on the frontier between Locris and Phocis. Greek
God name "Isten/ Isden" A god known from the the Middle kingdom & later
Spirit name "Jievaras" Lithuanian A household spirit who protects grain. Sacrifices to Jievaras are made after the rye harvest. While cutting grain, women would leave a few grain tufts uncut, which would later be braided into plaits. They would also leave some bread and salt under the plait. Lithuanian
Deity name "Jimmu" Japan The first emperor of Japan, direct descendant of Amaterasu, the supreme deity, and generally regarded as the ancestor of the present Japanese emperor. Jimmu is a Chinese-style name given to this emperor much later; his original name was Kamu-yamato-iwarehiko. Kamu means “divine,” and Yamato is the name of the loca- tion of the ancient capital.
Supreme god name "Jumala" Finland A generic name for a major deity. Originally the name given by the Finns to the sky, the sky-god, and the supreme god. Later taivas and Ukko were used as the names for the sky and the sky-god. The word means god and was later used for the Christian God. The origin of the word is unknown – some possible explanations are derivation from Jomali, the supreme deity of the Permians and origination from the Estonian word jume.
God name "Kalahari aka Cagn Mantis" Africa a creator god of the people of the Kalahari in Africa and in particular Botswana. He is credited with having made all things (he made the moon from an old shoe), and is the god of natural phenomena. Omnipresent, he manifests himself in everything in the world, but especially in the mantis and caterpillar, which seem to be his favored animals. He has one wife, Coti, and, with her, two sons, Cogaz and Gewi. At one time, he lived on earth but he later moved his dwelling to the top of the sky.
Goddess name "Kankar Mata" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Mother goddess. A SAKTI who in later Hinduism became regarded as a SAPTAMATARA (mother) of evil intent. Known particularly from Bengal as a goddess who spreads disease....
Goddess name "Kaumari" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Mother goddess. The SAKTI of SKANDA (Kaumara) who in later Hinduism became regarded as one of a group of seven MATARAS (mothers) of evil intent. Also one of a group of eight ASTAMATARAS. She embodies lack of envy or, alternatively, delusion. Her animal is a peacock. Attributes: arrow, ax, bell, Book, bow, cockerel, lotus, spear, staff and waterjar....
Goddess name "Kaumauri" Hindu Goddess who later became considered a goddess of evil intent Hindu / Puranic / Epic
God name "Kave" Finland Ancient god of sky, later the deity of the lunar cycle. Father of Väinämöinen. Also Kaleva.
God name "Khnum" Egypt Khnemu, one of the earliest Egyptian gods, originally the god of the source of the Nile River. Since the annual flooding of the Nile brought with it silt and clay, and its water brought life to its surrounds, he was thought to be the creator of human children, which he made at a potter's wheel, from clay, and placed in their mothers' wombs. He was later described as having molded the other gods, and he had the titles Divine Potter and Lord of created things from himself. Egypt
Deity name "Krishna" Hindu 'Black.' This name occurs in the Rigveda, but without any relation to the great deity of later times. The earliest mention of Krishna, the son of Devaki, is in the Chhandogya Upanishad, where he appears as a scholar. Hindu
God name "LENUS" Celtic / Continental / European God of healing. A god of healing worshiped by the Celtic tribe of Treveri but later adopted by the Romans. The Trier sanctuary was a place of pilgrimage where large numbers of offerings were deposited, and carvings suggest that child patients were often present. Lenus's sanctuaries were usually associated with springs and some, if not all, had an abaton or room for recuperation....
Demon name "Lama" Acadia A feminine benevolent protective demon that later became the half man and half bull guardian of palace entrances
Demon name "Lama" Acadia Feminine benevolent protective demon who later became the half man and half bull guardian of palace entrances Acadia
Goddess name "Latis" British lake goddess who later became a goddess of ale and meade British
Book name "Lausus" Greek 1. A son of Mezentius, who was slain while defending his father against Aeneas. (The Aeneid Book VII) According to the author of the De Orig. Gent. Rom., Lausus fell at a later time, during the siege of Lavinium, by the hand of Ascanius. 2. A son of Numitor and brother of Ilia, was fraudulently killed by Amulius. Greek
"Libitina" Italian An ancient Italian divinity, who was identified by the later Romans sometimes with Persephone on account of her connection with the dead and their burial, and sometimes with Aphrodite.
God name "Lir" Celtic / Irish God. The father of the sea god MANANNAN, the consort of Aobh and later of her sister Aoife. He had four children by Aobh: AED, Conn, Fiachra and Fionnuala. Out of jealousy Aoife turned the four into swans and set father and children against one another....
"Lua" Roman Also called Lua mater or Lua Saturni, one of the early Italian divinities, whose worship was forgotten in later times. Roman
God name "MOT (death)" Canaanite / Phoenician / northern Israel, Lebanon / Syrian coastal regions God of natural adversity. ot is the Canaanite representation of adversity in the natural world. He lives in a pit within the earth and is responsible for its annual death from drought and heat: “he has scorched the olive, the produce of the earth and the fruit of the trees.” He engages in the classic confrontation with the Canaanite hero and national god, BAAL. Though the duel results in Baal's demise, his death is avenged by his twin sister ANAT, who slays Mot, then cleaves, winnows, burns and grinds him with a millstone, in what appears to be a ritual allied to the sowing of seed and harvesting (see OSIRIS). Baal is later restored. The conflict probably formed the basis of an annual ritual drama at the Canaanite New Year which was held in the autumn. In the texts Mot is the son of Il and his mother is AS'ERAH (ATHIRAT)....
Goddess name "Maat" Egypt Minor goddess of cosmic order. Epitomizing the harmonious laws of the cosmic order. She is recognized from the middle of the third millennium, and probably earlier, closely associated with the creator deities and particularly the Sun god. In later times she was described as the “daughter of Re.” Her only known sanctuary is in the complex of Karnak at Thebes. Maat is depicted either in human form wearing an ostrich plume on her head or by an ostrich feather alone. The rulers of Egypt believed that they governed under her aegis and frequently had themselves described as “beloved of Maat.” Maat was also integral to the success of a soul passing through the Hall of the Two Truths, where the heart was weighed, to reach Paradise....
Goddess name "Mahesvari" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Mother goddess. A SAKTI who in later Hinduism became one of a group of seven MATARAS regarded as of evil intent. Also one of eight ASTAMATARAS. In another grouping one of a group of nine NAVASAKTIS who, in southern India, rank higher than the SAPTAMATARAS. Attributes: antelope, arrow, ax, bow, club, drum, prayer wheel, staff and trident....
God name "Malak-bel" Palmyra Of course other gods called "Lord" could be and sometimes were identified totally or in part with Bel Marduk. The god Malak-bel of Palmyra is an example, though in the later period from which most of our information comes he seems to have become very much a Sun god which Marduk was not.
Goddess name "Malhal Mata" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Mother goddess. One of seven SAKTIS who in later Hinduism became regarded as SAPTAMATARAS (mothers) of evil intent. Particularly known in Bengal as a bringer of disease....
Spirit name "Manda dHiia" s Manda-d-Hiya, the son of Nis'ibtun. Manda d Hiia means Gnosis of Life, or Temple of the Living Ones. A Savior spirit sometimes identified with Hibil. Looks out for humanity. Younger brother of Hibil-Ziwa. Sometimes Mani's Living spirit, but often Yeshu and Miryai. Identified with Yeshu when he was baptized by John. Manda dHiia and Mahzian appear to have originally been titles for the Living spirit, but ones attached to Yeshu later on. Early Nazorean
Goddess name "Morta" Roman Goddess of death. In later Roman times she becomes linked with the birth goddesses DECIMA and NONA, as a trio of goddesses of fate, the PARCAE....
Goddess name "Neith" Egypt Net, Neit, Nit, creator goddess and of war, the hunt and domestic arts. In later times she was also thought to have been an androgynous demiurge - a creation deity - who had both male and female attributes. Egypt
Goddess name "Nekmet Awai" Egypt Goddess of justice. Locally known from Hermopolis, she later became syncretized with the goddess HATHOR....
God name "Ningizzida" Sumeria 'Lord of the Tree of Life'. A fertility god sometimes depicted as a serpent with a human head, but later he became a god of healing and magic. The companion of Dumuzi (Tammuz) with whom it stood at the gate of heaven. Sumeria
Goddess name "Nirriti" Hindu / Vedic One of the Guardians of the directions, representing the southwest. She was originally a goddess of death, connected with Devi, who later became the male Guardian. The gender shift also involved a union with Nirrta, the masculine aspect of the female Nirrti. Hindu / Vedic
Goddess name "Nirrti (destruction)" Hindu / Vedic / Puranic (1) Destructive goddess of darkness. Known chiefly from the Rg-veda, Nirrti has a generally malignant aspect and is associated with pain, misfortune and death. She is believed to live in the south (the land of the dead). She is dark-skinned, wears dark dress and receives the “dark husks” of sacrifice. She is feared by many Hindus, whose offerings are frequent and repeated. In later Hinduism, Nirrti changes sex and becomes a dikpala god of terrifying appearance, guarding the southwestern quarter; he has various consorts including Davi, Kalika and Krsnangi. He stands upon a lion, a man or a corpse. Attributes: javelin, shield, staff, sword and teeth.(2) God. Buddhist. A dikpala or guardian. Color: blue. Stands upon a corpse. Attributes: shield and sword....
Goddess name "Nona" Roman Minor goddess of birth. Responsible for the ninth month of gestation, she is often linked with the goddess DECIMA. In later Roman times she becomes one of a trio of goddesses of fate, with Decima and MORTA, the goddess of death, collectively known as the PARCAE....
Goddess name "Onuris [Greek]" Egypt God of hunting and war. Onuris is first known from This, near Abydos in Upper Egypt. In later times his main cult center was at Samannud in the Nile delta. His consort is the lion goddess Mekhit. Onuris is generally depicted in human form as a bearded figure wearing a crown with four plumes and wielding a spear or occasionally holding a rope. He is sometimes accompanied by Mekhit in iconography. Seen as a hunter who caught and slew the enemies of RE, the Egyptian Sun god, some legends place him close to the battle between HORUS and SETH. In classical times, Onuris became largely syncretized with the Greek war god ARES. Also Anhuret (Egyptian)....
Demon name "Ordog" Christian A demonic creature from Hungarian mythology. It personifies the dark aspects of the world. Later it is identified with the Christian devil.
God name "Ormuzd" Iran Ohrmazd, a later form of Ahura-Mazda, creator god of Iran.
"Orpheus" Greek All that part of the mythology of Orpheus which connects him with Dionysus must be considered as a later invention, quite irreconcilable with the original legends, in which he is the servant of Apollo and the Muses: the discrepancy extends even to the instrument of his music, which was always the lyre, and never the flute. Greek
Goddess name "Orthia" Sparta a locally worshipped mother goddess of later syncretized with the more widely accepted maternal deities such as Kybele
Goddess name "Pallas" Greek Surname of Athena. In Homer this name always appears united with the name Athena, but in later writers we also find Pallas alone instead of Athena. Plato derives the surname from "to brandish", in reference to the goddess brandishing the spear or aegis, whereas Apollodorus derives it from the giant Pallas, who was slain by Athena. But it is more probable that Pallas is the same word as virgin or maiden. Another female Pallas, described as a daughter of Triton, is mentioned under palladium. Greek
Goddess name "Pansahi" Mata Hindu one of the seven mother goddesses that later became regarded as evil
Goddess name "Pansahi Mata" Hindu One of the seven mother goddesses who later became regarded as evil Hindu
Goddess name "Pansahi Mata" Hindu Mother goddess. A SAKTI and one of seven SAPTAMATARAS (mothers) who in later Hinduism became regarded as of evil intent, inflicting sickness on children under the age of seven. Particularly known from Bengal....
God name "Papas" Phrygian / northwestern Turkey Local god. According to tradition, he inseminated a rock and so engendered the hermaphrodite being Agdistis. Later became syncretized with ZEUS....
Goddess name "Parcae" Greco - Roman Goddesses of fate. Originally a pair of birth goddesses, DECIMA and NONA, later joined by a goddess of death, MORTA....
God name "Pariacaca" Peru A god of water and Rainstorms and a creator-god. He was born a falcon but later became human. Peru
God name "Parjanya (rain giver)" Hindu / Vedic God of Rain. Became replaced by, or syncretized with, INDRA in later Hinduism, but in the Vedas he is seen as a god of gentle, fructifying Rain. May be regarded as an ADITYA....
Book name "Phaethon" Greek That is, "the shining," occurs in Homer as an epithet or surname of Helios, and is used by later writers as a real proper name for Helios (Argonautica. The Aeneid Book V) but it is more commonly known as the name of a son of Helios by the Oceanid Clymene, the wife of Merops. Greek
Nymph name "Phorcys" Greek An old man ruling over the sea, or "the old man of the sea," to whom a harbour in Ithaca was dedicated. He is described as the father of the nymph Thoosa. Later writers call him the son of Pontus and Gaia and a brother of Thaumas, Nereus, Eurybia, and Ceto. Greek
Goddess name "Phul Mata" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Mother goddess. A SAKTI who in later Hinduism became one of the SAPTAMATARAS regarded as of evil intent, inflicting sickness on children under seven years old. Particularly known from Bengal....
Goddess name "Pidari (snake-catcher)" Hindu / Puranic / later One of the consorts of S IVA. A benevolent NAVASAKTI. The cult of Pidari probably evolved in the sixth and seventh centuries AD and is generally restricted to southern India. She is considered an aspect of the goddess KALI and is invoked in many villages to ward off evil and demons. She has most of the attributes of Kali and may also have snakes around her breasts, but may additionally be represented by a stone. Her cult moved at one time and reached a climax in eastern India between the eighth and twelfth centuries. Attributes: cup, fire, noose and trident. Also Pitali; Kala-Pidari....
Demon name "Piru" Finland spirit, demon. Probably later loan word related to "spirit".
God name "Posis Das" Greek sky god. In pre-Hellenic times the consort of the earth mother GAIA. One of the primordial partnership identified in Theogony (Hesiod). He later becomes syncretized with ZEUS....
Demon name "Pradyumna" Hindu A son of Krishna and Rukmini who, as a baby, was abducted by the demon Sambara and cast into the sea and swallowed by a fish. The fish was caught and opened and the child was found inside. He was given to a woman in Sambara's house to raise. Narada informed her about the true identity of the child. When Pradyumna grew up, he battled the demon Sambara, defeated him. Pradyumna was later killed in a drunken brawl in his father's court at Dwaraka. Hindu
God name "Prajapati (lord of creatures)" Hindu / Vedic, Epic / Puranic Primordial being. In the Vedic legends he is described variously as the creator of the world and the creator of heaven and earth. He is an androgynous being who impregnated himself by fusing elements of mind and speech. In later epics he is the guardian deity of the sexual organ. Prajapati is also a name of the god BRAHMA in later Hinduism....
God name "Prthu (broad)" Hindu / Vedic Creator god. The head of the solar pantheon who introduced Agriculture to the human race and who, in later Hinduism, is identified as an avatara of VIS'NU....
God name "Purusa" Hindu / Vedic Primeval creator god. Described as the primordial being from whom the cosmos was formed, possibly the male component of the great mother, MATA. In later Hinduism regarded as an avatara of VIS'NU....
Goddess name "Pusan (nourisher)" Hindu / Vedic / Puranic Sun god. The original Vedic list of six descendants of the goddess ADITI or ADITYAS, all of whom take the role of Sun gods, was, in later times, enlarged to twelve, including Pusan. He is the charioteer of the Sun and a guardian deity of journeys and pathways. Color: golden. Attributes: four lotuses....
"Rhode" Greek The oldest of the Oceanides and a daughter of Tethys and Oceanus. Later, she was thought of as a daughter of Poseidon and Halia, or Poseidon and Amphitrite. Greek
God name "S e ab" Egypt Minor god of wine and oil presses. Known from circa 3000 BC until the end of Egyptian history, circa AD 400. In later iconography he is depicted as a lion, but more generally is in human form. Sezmu had a definite cult following in the fertile Faiyum region of the Nile valley, but was probably represented in most sanctuaries, particularly where ritual unguents were made and stored. He is recognized in both benign and malevolent roles. In the latter he is reputed to squeeze human heads like grapes, but in beneficent mood he provides aromatic oils and ointments....
Nymph name "Sabazius" Phrygian A Phrygian divinity, commonly described as a son of Rhea or Cybele ; but in later times he was identified with the mystic Dionysus, who hence is sometimes called Dionysus Sabazius. For the same reason Sabazius is called a son of Zeus by Persephone, and is said to have been reared by a nymph Nyssa.
Goddess name "Sarama (the nimble one)" Hindu / Vedic, Epic / Puranic Attendant goddess. She acts as a messenger to the god INDRA and guards his herds. In later Hindu texts Sarama is reputedly the mother of all dogs and is given the epithet the “bitch of heaven.” The Rg Veda accounts her as having punished the minor deity Panis for stealing cows....
Goddess name "Savitar (impeller)" Hindu / Puranic Sun god. The original Vedic list of six descendants of the goddess ADITI or ADITYAS, all of whom take the role of Sun gods was, in later times, enlarged to twelve, including Savitar. The god of the rising and setting Sun. Color: golden. Attributes: club, prayer wheel and two lotuses....
Goddess name "Sitala(mata) (possibly meaning ‘mother cold')" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Mother goddess. One of seven SAKTIS who in later Hinduism became regarded as of evil intent, inflicting sickness. Particularly known from Bengal where she may be identified with the goddess KALI. Usually standing naked upon a lotus or riding an ass. Alternatively symbolized by a stone on which a face is painted. Attribute: waterjar....
Goddess name "Sitatara (the ‘white Tara')" Buddhist - Lamaist / Tibet Goddess. Of mild disposition, she is regarded as one of the forms of the goddess TARA and an emanation of AMOGHASIDDHI or VAIROCANA. In later times she became identified as a female variety of AVALOKITESVARA PADMAPANI. By tradition she is the incarnation of a Chinese princess. Color: white. Attributes: arrow, blue or white lotus, bow, image of Amoghasiddhi, jewel, moon disc and rosary. Threeor seven-eyed....
Deities name "Soma (essence)" Hindu / Vedic, Epic / Puranic Minor god. The deification of the sacred yellow drink soma. Also the consort of SURYA. Regarded in later Hinduism as the dikpala of the northern direction and as one of a group of VASU deities answering to the god INDRA. Attributes: hook, lotus and prayer wheel.See also CANDRA....
Goddess name "Sulis" Roman / Celtic She was called Brigantia by the Britons; and later Saint Brighid (after Christianity). She is also a deity concerned with knowledge and prophecy. The tutelary Goddess of the thermal waters at Bath, England, she is closely linked with the Roman Goddess Minerva. Roman / Celtic
God name "Taautos" Phoenicia God who later devolved into the Egyptian Thoth. Phoenicia
God name "Tepeyollotl (hill heart)" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Minor chthonic or earth god. One of the group classed as the TEZCATLIPOCA complex. He was originally an earthquake god, symbolized by the jaguar and later adopted into the Aztec pantheon....
"Thalia" Greek 1. One of the nine Muses, and, at least in later times, regarded as the Muse of Comedy. (Theogony of Hesiod 77) She became the mother of the Corybantes by Apollo. (Apollodorus i)
"Thetis" Greek One of the daughters of Nereus and Doris, was the wife of Peleus, by whom she became the mother of Achilles. Later writers describe her as a daughter of Cheiron. Greek
God name "Tirumal (the excellent black one)" Early Dravidian / Tamil Creator god. Thought to reside in trees and equating with VISNU. In later Hinduism used as an epithet of Vis nu....
Deities name "Trayastrinsa (the thirty-three)" Hindu / Vedic Collective name for the group of deva gods. One of the many lists of deities in Hinduism, this one is contained in the Rg Veda and includes thirty-three names divided into three groups of eleven in each of the three worlds. Subsequently, the DEVAS were separated into eight VASUS, twelve ADITYAS, eleven RUDRAS and two ASVINS. In later Hinduism the number thirty-three is increased hyperbolically to 330 million and deva refers to gods excluding the major triad of BRAHMA, V ISNU and SIVA....
God name "Tutu" Mesopotamian / Babylonian - Akkadian God. The tutelary god of Borsippa, near Babylon, during the reign of Hammurabi in the old Babylonian period, but later superseded by NABU....
Goddess name "Usas" Hindu / Vedic Goddess of the dawn. The daughter of Dyaus and, according to some texts, the consort of the Sun god SURYA. An auspicious deity, Usas brings the dawn, heralding Surya, and drives away darkness. She is the all-seeing eye of the gods. In the Rg Veda she is depicted as a beautiful young virginal figure who rides in a hundred chariots. She sets all things in motion and can render strength and fame to her devotees. In addition to being perceived as a sky goddess, she is also drawn as a mother goddess in the guise of a cow. Epithets include “mother of the gods” and “mother of cows.” She is invoked to give the boon of longevity, but a more malignant aspect reveals her as a huntress who wastes human life. Usas sometimes enjoys a domestic worship as a guardian hearth goddess who drives away darkness and evil spirits. She disappears, however, from the later traditions of Hinduism....
God name "Vahagn" Armenia Armenia's national god. Some time in his existence, he formed a "triad" with Aramazd and Anahit. Vahagn fought and conquered dragons, hence his title Vishabakagh, "dragon reaper". He was invoked as a god of courage, later identified with Heracles. He was also a Sun-god, rival of Baal-shamin and Mihr.
Goddess name "Vaisnavi" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Mother goddess. A SAKTI of V IS NU, also regarded as a form of LAKSMI. In later Hinduism she became one of a group of MATARAS regarded as of evil intent. Also one of a group of eight ASTAMATARAS. In another grouping one of nine NAVASAKTIS who, in southern India, rank higher than the SAPTAMATARAS. Her vehicle is the hybrid beast GARUDA. Attributes: child, club, conch, lotus and prayer wheel....
Goddess name "Varahi" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Mother goddess. A SAKTI who in later Hinduism becomes one of a group of MATARAS regarded as of evil intent. Also one of a group of eight ASTAMATARAS. In another grouping, one of nine NAVASAKTIS who, in southern India, rank higher than the SAPTAMATARAS. She sits upon a boar, buffalo or elephant. Attributes: boar's head, bow, club, cup, knife, noose, plough, sword and trident....
Deities name "Vasus" Hindu Attendant deities of Indra, and later Vishnu. They are eight elemental gods representing aspects of nature, representing cosmic natural phenomenon. The name Vasu means 'Dweller' or 'Dwelling'. Hindu
Goddess name "Vivasvan (shining)" Hindu / Vedic / Puranic Sun god. The original Vedic list of six descendants of the goddess ADITI or ADITYAS, all of whom take the role of Sun gods was, in later times, enlarged to twelve, including Vivasvan. One of his titles is the “embodiment of ancestral law.” His consort is SARANYU and he is identified as the father of YAMA and YAMI, as well as MANU and the ASVINS. His color is golden and his attributes a Forest garland, two lotuses and a trident. Also Vivasvat....
"Wintersmith" Discworld The personification of Winter. At his core he is the elemental personification of ice. Originally just a shape in the snow, with two violet eyes, he later formed a "snowman" out of all the elements that make a human body. He creates snowflakes and icebergs, and also the patterns of ice on windows. Discworld
Goddess name "Yami" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Mother goddess. One of seven SAKTIS who in later Hinduism became regarded as of evil intent. Also CAMUNDA....
"Zam" Iranian The Indo-Iranian concept for "earth", prototyped as a chemical element in ancient philosophy, and as a minor divinity in Zoroastrianism and later Persian mythology.
"Zara-ma-yha-who" Aboriginal A little red man, about 4 feet tall, with a large head and mouth. The tips of the fingers and toes were shaped like the suckers of an octopus. They lived in wild fig trees and capture their prey by dropping on passers-by. A Zara-ma-yha-who might jump on top of the person and drain their blood with their hands and feet. Their victims rarely died from the initial encounter, but because the person was left in a weak and helpless state, the yara-ma-yha-who would return later and swallow the victim. It then drank water and took a nap. When it awoke, it would regurgitate the undigested portion of its meal, which, if the meal was a person, that person would still be alive. Aboriginal