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God Name and Meaning

List of Gods : "underworld"   (200++ records)

NameOriginDescription
Goddess name
"Culsu"
Etruscan A Goddess of the Gate to the underworld. Etruscan
God name
"Mathonwy"
Welsh A benevolent ruler of the underworld akin to Beli, or perhaps that god himself under another title, for the name Math. Welsh
God name
"Marmalik"
Kafir / Afghanistan A chthonic underworld god
God name
"Neti"
Babylon / Akkadian A chthonic underworld god
God name
"Orcus"
Roman A chthonic underworld god
God name
"Ukur/ Kus"
Mesopotamia / Babylon / Akkadian A chthonic underworld god
God name
"Aeacoc"
Greek / Roman A chthonic underworld god & 1 of the 3 gods of Hades
God name
"Mictlantecuhtli"
Aztec A chthonic underworld god that created the underworld
Goddess name
"Meretseger/ Meresger"
Egypt A chthonic underworld goddess who brings illness and death to the disrespectful

"Psychopomp"
Greek A conductor of souls; applied to Charon, Apollo, and especially to Hermes, who was the conductor of souls to Hades or the underworld and back again, an office assigned by Christians to Jesus Christ after his resurrection. Greek
God name
"Veles/ Volos"
Russia / Slavic A god of flocks & herds, death & the underworld
God name
"Aiakos"
Greek A god of the underworld
God name
"Tornarssuk"
Inuit A god of the underworld and head of the protective gods known as the tornat. Inuit
God name
"Enmesharra"
Sumerian A god of the underworld who often worked with Enbilulu to bring water to the surface of the earth. Sumerian
God name
"Ninazu"
Sumeria A god of the underworld, and of healing. Sumeria
Goddess name
"Pinga"
Inuit A goddess of the hunt, fertility and Medicine. She was also the psychopomp, bringing souls of the newly-dead to Adlivun, the underworld. Inuit
Goddess name
"Erishkigal"
Sumeria A goddess of the underworld
Goddess name
"Bebhinn"
Britain A goddess of the underworld and daughter of its ruler and a breathtakingly beautiful giantess with long golden hair. Britain
Goddess name
"Bebhionn"
Ireland A goddess of the underworld and of pleasure. Ireland
God name
"Bolontiku"
Maya A group of underworld gods. Maya
God name
"Veles"
Slavic A major Slavic god of earth, waters and the underworld, associated with dragons, cattle, magic, musicians, wealth and trickery. He is also the opponent of thunder-god Perun, and the battle between two of them constitutes one of the most important myths of Slavic mythology.
God name
"Rhadamanthos"
Greek / Roman A marriage of chthonic underworld god
God name
"Ixpuztec"
Aztec A minor underworld god
Goddess name
"Hina"
Hawaii A moon goddess and the mother of Maui, whom she once asked to slow down the Sun so days would last longer. A dual goddess, portrayed with two heads symbolizing day and night. She was a guardian of the underworld and patron of artisans and craftsmen. Hawaii
Goddess name
"Ishtar"
Assyrian / Babylon A mother goddess, fertility goddess, the goddess of spring, a storm goddess, a warrior goddess and goddess of war, a goddess of the hunt, a goddess of love, goddess of marriage and childbirth, and a goddess of fate. She was also an underworld deity, her twin sister being Ereshkigal, the Goddess of death, but her dominant aspects are as the mother goddess of compassion and the goddess of love, sex and war. Assyrian / Babylon

"Elysion"
Greek A section of the underworld (the spelling Elysium is a Latinization of the Greek word Elysion). Elysium is an obscure and mysterious name that evolved from a designation of a place or person struck by lightning, enelysion, enelysios. Greek
Demon name
"Xbalanque"
Mayan A son of Hun-Hunahpu and Xquic, the daughter of one of the lords of the underworld. His twin is Hunahpu. Together, the twins outwitted arrogant demons, their jealous half-brothers and the lords of the underworld. Mayan

"Mahpiyato"
Lakota After the time of creation, the world was divided into three regions; the sky, the earth and waters and the underworld. When Mahpiyato created humans, they were placed in the subterranean region.. The Lakota, Plains Indians
Goddess name
"Ament"
Egypt / Libya Aka Amenti, "The Westerner," "hidden goddess." Goddess of the underworld and consort of Amen. She greeted all dead people to the land of the dead with bread and water. If they ate and drank, they could not return to the land of the living. Egypt / Libya
Demon name
"Apep"
Egypt Aka Apepi, Apophis. demon enemy of the Sun this huge serpent caused storms and eclipses and ate the Sun at evening. Rules over: darkness, storm, night, the underworld, death, eclipses. Egypt
Demon name
"Xibalba"
Mayan Also known as Xibalba or Xibalbay, is a dangerous underworld ruled by the demons Vucub Caquix and Hun Came. The road to it is said to be steep, thorny and very forbidding. Mayan
God name
"Sraddha-deva"
Hindu An epithet of Yama, the god of death and king of the underworld. Hindu
God name
"Angru Mainya"
Persia An evil underworld god
God name
"Ningishzida"
Sumerian An underworld Mesopotamian deity, the patron of Medicine, and also a God of nature. His name in Sumerian means "lord of the good tree". Sumerian
Demon name
"Nathum"
Etruscan An underworld demon or fury. Etruscan
God name
"Arimanius/ Areimaios"
Roman An underworld god
God name
"Dur Kassite"
Iran An underworld god
God name
"Pen Annwen"
Welsh An underworld god almost synonymous with Pwyll & Pryderi
God name
"Aericura"
Celtic / Roman An underworld god known only from inscription
God name
"Andjety"
Egypt An underworld god of the ninth nome[district]
Goddess name
"Allatu[m]"
W Semitic An underworld goddess
Goddess name
"Alpanu"
Etruscan An underworld goddess
Goddess name
"Ataecina"
Roman / Iberia An underworld goddess
Goddess name
"Meilichia"
Greek An underworld goddess
Goddess name
"Ammut"
Egypt An underworld goddess that eats the hearts of the evil
Goddess name
"Ala aka Ale"
Africa Ana, Ani, Chthonic fertility goddess who is also goddess of the underworld linked with a cult of the dead, which rest in her womb . Ibo Eastern Nigeria, West Africa
God name
"Acolnahuacatl"
Aztec Another minor chthonic underworld god
God name
"Hunhau"
Mayan Appears, sometimes with the head of an owl, sometimes as a dog. A god of the underworld and the land of the dead. Mayan
God name
"Ki (the great one)"
Mesopotamian / Sumerian Archetypal chthonic principle. According to some traditions, Ki is the daughter of ANS'AR and KIS'AR and consort of AN. As the cosmos came into being, An took the role of god of heaven and Ki became the personification of the earth and underworld. She is the mother of the god of the air, ENLIL, with whom she descended from the heavens. Some authorities argue that she was never regarded as a deity. There is no evidence of a cult and the name appears in a limited number of Sumerian creation texts. The name URAS (tilth) may relate.See also ANTU(M)....
God name
"Cernunnos aka Cernowain"
Pan-Celtic Cernenus, Herne The Hunter, Hu Gadarn, Belatucadros, Vitiris. The Horned God, God of nature, God of the underworld. The Druids knew him as Hu Gadarn, the Horned God of Fertility. Pan-Celtic
Spirit name
"ARSAN DUOLAI"
Yakut / eastern Siberia Chief spirit of the underworld. terrible dweller of the underground world...
Goddess name
"Anunnaki"
Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian Children and courtiers of the god of heaven. Known from at least 2500 BC until circa 200BC (in Babylon). The Anunnaki originate as chthonic fertility deities but later feature as the seven fearsome judges of the underworld who answer to Kur and ERES KIGAL and who are responsible for passing sentences of death including that placed on the goddess INANA. They are often closely identified with the IGIGI....
God name
"Aker"
Egypt Chthonic earth god of passage. Known from the Old kingdom (circa 2700 BC onward). Controls the interface between eastern and western horizons of the underworld, and is the guardian of the gate through which the king passes into the underworld. Aker provides a safe course for the barque of the Sun god during its passage through the underworld at night. He may be seen as the socket holding the boat's mast. He is also considered benevolent against snake bites. Represented by opposite facing pairs of human or lion heads....
Goddess name
"Ala"
Ibo / eastern Nigeria, West Africa Chthonic fertility goddess. A popular deity who is also goddess of the underworld linked with a cult of the dead (which rest in her womb). Her temple is the Mbari which contains a cult statue depicting the goddess seated with a child in her arms and adorned with the crescent moon. She is flanked by attendant deities. She enjoys a profusion of local shrines which are well supplied with votive offerings. Serious crimes including murder are considered to be offenses against her. An annual yam festival is celebrated in her honor. Also Ale, Ana, ANI....
God name
"Midir"
Celtic / Irish Chthonic god. Appears in polymorphic form. According to legend the consort of Etain and ruler of the land of Mag Mor. He lost an eye when hit by a hazel wand; the eye was replaced by DIANCECHT, the physician god. In Roman times he became more of an underworld deity. Also Mider....
God name
"Pwyll"
Celtic / Welsh Chthonic god. The so-called “Lord of Dyfed” who, according to tradition, brought the pig to Wales having received it as a gift from ARAWN, the underworld god. He earned the reward by substituting for Arawn and fighting his enemy Hafgan, in payment for an unintended slight to Arawn, whom he met one day while out hunting. His consort is RHIANNON and his son is PRYDERI....
God name
"Pryderi"
Celtic / Welsh Chthonic god. The son of PWYLL and RHIANNON. According to tradition, he was abducted as an infant from his cradle by a huge talon or claw, with the implication that the abduction was instigated by an adversary from the underworld, perhaps the family of Gwawl, a rejected suitor of Rhiannon. Pryderi was found in a stable and rescued by Teirnyon, who brought the child up as his son. Eventually the true parents of Pryderi were identified and he was returned to his family. His consort is Cigfa and he succeeded Pwyll to the title ‘Lord of Dyfed.'...
Goddess name
"Eriiys"
Greek Chthonic goddess of wrath. According to legend she was a consort of POSEIDON by whom she bore the fabulous horse Areon. By implication she may also have been a grim maternal figure who engendered all horses. She may be equated with a wrathful DEMETER who is sometimes given the epithet Erinys. Erinys appears in the collec tive form of three Erinyes, their heads covered with snake locks and bearing torches from the underworld. In the Iliad they are described as those “who beneath the earth punish dead men, whoever has sworn a false oath.” In Roman mythology they are the Furies....
Goddess name
"Ges”tin-Ana"
Mesopotamian / Sumerian Chthonic goddess. The sister of DUMUZI and consort of Ningisida. The so-called “heavenly grape-vine,” this minor goddess is involved in the account of Dumuzi trying to escape from his fate at the hands of INANA and ERESKIGAL. In her house he is changed into a gazelle before being caught and finally transported to the underworld....
Goddess name
"Rhiannon"
Celtic / Irish Chthonic horse goddess. The daughter of Hefaidd Hen and consort of PWYLL, she rides upon a white mare and is associated with the underworld and with fertility. May be virtually synonymous with the Romano-Celtic goddess Rigantona whose name means “great queen.” Authors suggest she is modeled on the goddess MODRON and she partly equates with EPONA....
God name
"Marmalik Kafir"
Afghanistan Chthonic underworld god Afghanistan
God name
"Lugal-Irra"
Akkadia Chthonic underworld god Babylon / Mesopotamia / Akkadia / Sumeria
God name
"Manungal"
Akkadia Chthonic underworld god Babylon / Mesopotamia / Akkadia / Sumeria
God name
"Angru Mainyu (evil spirit)"
Persian / Iran Chthonic underworld god of darkness. The original Zoroastrian name of the chief antagonist of AHURA MAZDA.See also AHRIMAN....
God name
"Am-Heh"
Egypt Chthonic underworld god. A minor deity said to inhabit a lake of fire. The so-called “devourer of the millions.” Depicted with the head of a hound....
God name
"Manmngal"
Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian Chthonic underworld god. A minor deity, the consort of birdU....
God name
"Donn"
Celtic / Irish Chthonic underworld god. According to legend, he lives on an island to the southwest of Munster and is responsible for the passage of the dead toward the otherworld....
God name
"Veles"
Slav Chthonic underworld god. Also identified as the “cattle god.” Also Volos....
Spirit name
"Ba-Pef"
Egypt Chthonic underworld god. An obscure malevolent deity known from the Old kingdom (circa 2700 BC) in which he may have enjoyed a priesthood. According to limited references among the Pyramid Texts, he had a cult following and was associated in some way with pain or spiritual anguish affecting the king....
God name
"Tlachitonatiiuh"
Aztec Chthonic underworld god. Aztec
Goddess name
"Neti"
Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian Chthonic underworld god. Chief gatekeeper of the netherworld. The servant of the goddess ERES KIGAL. Neti features prominently in the epic legend of Inana‘s Descent into the underworld when he opens the seven gates of the realm and admits the goddess, removing one emblem of her power at the threshold of each gate....
God name
"Heros"
Thracian Chthonic underworld god. Depicted as a horseman. His image regularly appears on funerary stelae....
God name
"Dur"
Kassite / Iran Chthonic underworld god. Equates with the Babylonian-Akkadian god NERGAL....
God name
"Sokar"
Egypt Chthonic underworld god. Guardian deity of the necropolis at Memphis with possible fertility connotations and with strong links to OSIRIS beside whom he is also perceived as a restored god of the dead. He is also syncretized with the Memphis creator god PTAH in the Old kingdom (circa 4500 BC), where he may have originated as a god of various crafts associated with the manufacture of funerary trappings. He is depicted either as a hawk on a boat, or in human form with the head of a hawk and an elaborate atef crown (see Osiris). Sokar also enjoyed a major cult at Thebes where, in an annual festival celebrating the healthy continuation of the Divine kingship, he was conveyed in an elaborate barque. Also Sokaris (Greek)....
God name
"Picullus"
Roman / Celtic / Prussian Chthonic underworld god. He becomes syncretized with the devil in Christian times....
God name
"Aed"
Celtic / Irish Chthonic underworld god. Known from inscriptions. Aed mac Lir, son of LIR and Aobh was, according to tradition, turned into a swan by his stepmother, Aoife....
God name
"Gwynn Ap Nudd"
Celtic / Welsh Chthonic underworld god. Known locally from South Wales. The leader of the phantom hunt which chases a white stag. He equates with HERNE in England and ARAWN in more northern parts of Wales....
Deities name
"Herne"
Celtic / British / or Anglo - Saxon Chthonic underworld god. Known locally from windsor Great Park, Berkshire, England, he equates with the Welsh deities GWYNN AP NUDD and ARAWN and is, according to legend, the leader of the phantom hunt. Depicted with stag-like antlers....
God name
"Aericura"
Roman / Celtic Chthonic underworld god. Known only from inscriptions....
Goddess name
"Andjety"
Egypt / Lower Chthonic underworld god. Minor deity in anthropomorphic form known from the Pyramid Texts. Identified with the ninth nome (district). Responsible for rebirth in the afterlife and regarded as a consort of several fertility goddesses. He was revered at Busiris where he clearly heralded the cult of Osiris. Attributes: high conical crown (similar to the atef crown of Osiris) decorated with two tall plumes, crook and flail. In early Pyramid Texts, the feathers are replaced by a bicornuate uterus.See also Osiris....
God name
"Dis Pater"
Roman Chthonic underworld god. Modeled on the Greek god HADES....
God name
"Orcus"
Roman Chthonic underworld god. Modeled on the Greek god HADES....
God name
"Turms"
Etruscan Chthonic underworld god. Modeled on the Greek messenger god HERMES, with caduceus (winged rod), winged shoes and cloak, he leads the souls of the dead toward the underworld....
God name
"Maramalik"
Kafir / Afghanistan Chthonic underworld god. No details known....
Goddess name
"Mictecacihuatl"
Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Chthonic underworld god. One of a pair of deities with MICTLANTECUHTLI. In the primeval waters of the cosmos, they generated the monstrous goddess CIPACTLI, from whom the earth was formed....
God name
"Tlalehitonatiuh (on the earth sun)"
Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Chthonic underworld god. One of the group classed as the MICTLANTECUHTLI complex....
God name
"Aeacos"
Greco - Roman Chthonic underworld god. One of three judges of Hades assessing the souls of the dead entering the underworld (see also MINOS and RHADAMANTHOS). Identified by Plato as the son of ZEUS and Aigina. In the Theogony (Hesiod), Aeacos is also the consort of Psamathe and father of Phocos. Also Aiakos....
God name
"Lugal-Irra"
Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian Chthonic underworld god. Probably a minor variation of ERRA, the Babylonian plague god. The prefix Lugal means ”lord.” Often coupled with MES LAM TAEA, god of war....
God name
"Areimanios"
Greek Chthonic underworld god. Probably derived from the Persian deity AHRIMAN. Plutarch identifies him as the embodiment of HADES....
God name
"Arimanius"
Roman Chthonic underworld god. See also AREJMANJOS....
Goddess name
"Mictlantecuhtli"
Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Chthonic underworld god. The creator of the underworld, Mictlan. Depicted with a skull-like appearance and protruding teeth. Also one of a pair of deities with MICTECACIHUATL. In the primeval waters of the cosmos, they generated the monstrous goddess CIPACTLI, from whom the earth was formed. In alternative traditions he is the god of the sixth of the thirteen heavens, Ilhuicatl Mamalhuazocan (the heaven of the fire drill), or he is one of the gods who support the lowest heaven at the four cardinal points. Mictlantecuhtli is perceived to reside in the south (codices Borgia and Vaticanus B). He is also one of the four great temple deities (codices Borgia, Cospi and Fejervery-Mayer)....
God name
"Barastar"
Ossetian / Caucasus region Chthonic underworld god. The judge of souls, directing them either to Paradise or to oblivion....
God name
"Aken"
Egypt Chthonic underworld god. The keeper of the underworld ferry boat....
God name
"Arawn"
Celtic / Welsh Chthonic underworld god. The leader of the phantom hunt seen chasing a white stag with a pack of red-eared hounds. He equates with GWYNN AP NUDD, a similar deity known in South Wales. His chief underworld opponent is Hafgan and he bribes PWYLL, prince of Dyfed, to challenge Hafgan in exchange for a gift of pigs....
God name
"Ukur"
Mesopotamian / Babylonian - Akkadian Chthonic underworld god. Uma...
Goddess name
"Lelwani"
Hittite Chthonic underworld goddess Hittite / Hurrian
Goddess name
"Velu Mate"
Latvia Chthonic underworld goddess and the queen of the dead Latvia
Goddess name
"Meretseger"
Egypt Chthonic underworld goddess who brings illness and death to the disrespectful. Egypt
Goddess name
"Styx"
Greek Chthonic underworld goddess. A daughter of OKEANOS and TETHYS, and mother of NIKE. The deity of the river Styx beside which the gods swear their oaths....
Goddess name
"Hetepes-Sekhus"
Egypt Chthonic underworld goddess. A minor deity accompanied by a retinue of crocodiles. As one of the manifestations of the vengeful “eye of RE,” she destroys the souls of the adversaries of the underworld ruler OSIRIS. Depicted as a cobra or anthropomorphically with a cobra's head....
Goddess name
"Ammut (devouress of the dead)"
Egypt Chthonic underworld goddess. A significant deity who allegedly consumes the dead if their hearts are found weighed down with guilt in the Judgment Hall of the Two Truths during the Weighing of the Heart ceremony. Ammut has a fearsome aspect and sits alongside forty-two juror gods named in the Book of the Dead. Depicted with the head of a crocodile, the trunk and fore-limbs of a lion and the hind part of a hippopotamus.See also THOTH and MAAT....
Goddess name
"Arsay"
Western Semitic / Canaanite Chthonic underworld goddess. According to epic creation texts, she is the third daughter of BAAL at Ugarit (Ras Samra), possibly also equating with ALLATUM....
Goddess name
"Sulis"
Roman / Celtic Chthonic underworld goddess. Also a deity concerned with knowledge and prophecy. The tutelary goddess of the thermal waters at Bath, England, she is closely linked with the Roman goddess MINERVA....
Goddess name
"Leiwani"
Hittite / Hurrian Chthonic underworld goddess. Associated with charnel houses and probably modeled on the Sumerian ERES KIGAL....
Goddess name
"Alpanu"
Etruscan Chthonic underworld goddess. Depicted wearing jewels, a loose cloak and sandals but otherwise naked. Also arguably a goddess of sexual love....
Goddess name
"Laverna"
Italy Chthonic underworld goddess. Italy
Goddess name
"Allatu(m)"
Western Semitic Chthonic underworld goddess. Modeled on the Mesopotamian goddess ERESKIGAL and possibly also equating with ARSAY in Canaanite mythology. Recognized by the Carthaginians as Allatu....
Goddess name
"Hine-Nui-Te-Po (great woman of the night)"
Polynesian / including Maori Chthonic underworld goddess. Originally she was HINE-ATAUIRA, the daughter of TANE and HINE-AHUONE, but she descended to rule over the underworld. She is depicted in human form but with eyes of jade, hair of seaweed and teeth like those of a predatory fish....
Goddess name
"Laverna"
Italic Chthonic underworld goddess. Propitiated by libations poured with the left hand....
Goddess name
"Perse"
Greek Chthonic underworld goddess. The consort of the Sun god Helios and the mother of Kirke and Pasiphae,...
Goddess name
"Hel"
Germanic / Nordic / Icelandic Chthonic underworld goddess. The daughter of LOKI and the giantess Angrboda, and the sibling of both the Midgard worm who will cause the sea to flood the world with the lashings of his tail, and of Fenrir, the phantom wolf who will swallow the Sun, at Ragnarok. She is queen of the otherworld, also known as Hell, and she takes command of all who die, except for heroes slain in battle, who ascend to Valhalla. In some mythologies she is depicted as half black and half white. She was adopted into British mythology....
Goddess name
"Belet-Seri"
Mesopotamian / Babylonian - Akkadian Chthonic underworld goddess. The recorder of the dead entering the otherworld. Known as the “Scribe of the earth.”...
Goddess name
"Velu Mate"
Pre - Christian Latvian Chthonic underworld goddess. The “queen of the dead.” She is depicted wearing white and she greets the dead at the cemetery....
Deities name
"Bolon Ti Ku"
Mayan / Mesoamerican / Mexico Chthonic underworld gods. A collective term for a group of nine deities not otherwise clearly defined. They are probably still invoked by modern Mexican Indians....
Deities name
"Yamadar Maraja"
Hindu Collective name for the deities and spirits of the underworld. Hindu
God name
"Bolon Ti Ku"
Mayan Collective name for the the nine underworld gods who are not well defined Mayan
God name
"Hunapu"
Mayan / Yucatec / Quiche, Mesoamerican / Mexico Creator god. According to the sacred text Popol Vub, the son of HUN HUNAPU and the twin brother of Ix Balan Ku. Tradition has it that, like his father, he was decapitated in a historic struggle with the underworld gods and subsequently became the Sun god, while his sibling is the apotheosis of the moon....
God name
"Moma"
Uitoto Indian / South America Creator god. Originally the creator of mankind. When he was slain he entered and ruled the underworld. Also the apotheosis of the moon....
Deities name
"Hachacyum (our very lord)"
Mayan / Lacandon, Mesoamerican / Mexico Creator god. The creator of the world assisted by three other deities, his consort and two brothers, one of whom is Sucunyum, his counterpart (or alter ego) in the underworld. Also Nohochacyum (our great lord)....
God name
"Dis Pater / Dispater"
Celtic Dis Pater aka Dispater, was a Roman and Celtic god of the underworld.
God name
"Gilgames"
Sumeria Early historical king of Uruk, who later became and deified and was considered a god of the underworld. Sumeria
God name
"ADONIS (lord)"
Lebanon / Syria Fertility and vegetation god. Adonis is modeled on the Mesopotamian dying vegetation god DUMUZI (Hebrew: Tammuz). He appears as a youthful deity. The river Adonis [Nahr Ibrahim] is sacred to him largely because its waters flow red after heavy Winter Rains, having become saturated with ferrous oxide. In Hellenic tradition he is the son of the mythical Cyprian king Cinyras and his mother is MYRRHA. According to Hesiod he is also the son of Phoenix and Alphesiboea. He is the consort of APHRODITE. Tradition has it that he was killed by a boar during a hunting expedition and is condemned to the underworld for six months of each year, during which the earth's vegetation parches and dies under the summer Sun and drought. He was honored in a spring festival when priests in effeminate costume gashed themselves with knives. Frequently depicted nude and sometimes carrying a lyre. Also ATTIS (Phrygian); ATUNIS (Etruscan)....
Goddess name
"Sulmanitu"
Western Semitic Fertility goddess. Concerned with love and war; also has underworld connections. Recognized chiefly at Sidon, but included in the Ugaritic pantheon. Thought by some authors to be the immediate derivation of the biblical “Shulamite woman” (Vetus Testamentum song of Solomon 6:13)....
Goddess name
"Nephthys [Greek]"
Egypt Funerary goddess. Nephthys is the younger sister of ISIS, OSIRIS and SETH, who are the offspring of the chthonic god GEB and the sky goddess NUT in the Ennead genealogy of Egyptian deities defined by the priests of Heliopolis. Nephthys is depicted in human form wearing a crown in the style of the hieroglyphic for a mansion, the translation of her Egyptian name. She can also take the form of a hawk watching over the funeral bier of Osiris. According to legend Nephthys liaised briefly with Osiris and bore the mortuary god ANUBIS. She is said to guide the dead Egyptian ruler through the dark underworld and to weep for him. Also Neb-hut (Egyptian)....

"Anguta"
Inuit Gatherer of the dead. Anguta carries the dead down to the underworld, where they must sleep with him for a year. Inuit
Spirit name
"Gauna aka Gauna"
Botswana Gawa, Gawama, was death, the underworld leader of spirits and death. Botswana
Goddess name
"Hine-Nui-Te-Po"
Maori Giant goddess of death, of night and of the underworld. She married her father, fled in horror to the underworld when she found out and cursed humanity with death in retribution. Maori
God name
"Hunhau"
Mayan / Yucatec / Quiche, Mesoamerican / Mexico God of death. One of the several “lords of death” listed in the codices who rule the underworld, Mictlan. Hunhau is generally depicted with canine attributes, or with the head of an owl.See also YUM CIMIL. Also God A....
Deities name
"Whiro"
Polynesian / Maori God of death. Regarded as an errant son of the creator deities, RANGINUI and PAPATUANUKU, Whiro stands as the chief antagonist of TANEMAHUTA, the creator god of light. He is, therefore, the personification of darkness and evil. During the time of creation from chaos, Whiro is said to have fought an epic battle against Tanemahuta in the newly formed heavens. He was vanquished and forced to descend into the underworld where he became ruler over the dead and chief among the lesser underworld deities who are responsible for various forms of disease and sickness. In the temporal world the lizard, a symbol of death, embodies him, and various creatures of the night, including the owl and the bat, are earthly representatives from his kingdom, as are such malignant insect pests as the mosquito. This deity is not to be confused with the legendary human voyager and adventurer of the same name whose traditions have, in the past, often been muddled with those of the god....
Goddess name
"Tane(mahuta)"
Polynesian / including Maori God of light. One of the children of the prime parents RANGINUI and PAPATUANUKU. Also god of trees, Forests and boat-builders, his consort is the goddess HINEAHU-ONE and he is the father of HINE-ATA-UIRA who descended to the underworld to become the goddess of death, HINE-NUI-TE-PO. In other traditions he is the consort of Hine-Nui-Te-Po, whom he joins each evening when he descends to the underworld. It was he who proposed that his parents should be pushed apart rather than slaughtered. In Maori culture Tanemahuta, like all deities, is represented only by inconspicuous, slightly worked stones or pieces of wood and not by the large totems, which are depictions of ancestors. Also KANE (Hawaiian)....
God name
"Reshephi"
Phoenicia God of plague and the underworld. Phoenicia
God name
"Nergal"
Mesopotamia God of plague, and a chthonic underworld god Mesopotamia
God name
"Endukugga"
Sumeria God of the underworld Sumeria
God name
"An"
Sumeria God of the underworld and chief deity Sumeria
God name
"Aker"
Egypt God of the earth who guards in the entrance to the underworld. He rules rver earth, fields, poisons, anecdotes, weaving. Egypt
God name
"Ra"
Egypt God of the mid-day Sun, sky, earth, and the underworld. Egypt
God name
"Men Phygia"
Asia Minor God of the moon who ruled over in the heavens, but the underworld as well Asia Minor
God name
"Melwas"
Britain God of the underworld and the "king of the Summer Country". cornwall, Britain
God name
"Donn"
Ireland God of the underworld, the Dark One responsible for the passage of the dead to the underworld. Ireland
God name
"Pluto"
Roman God of the underworld. Derived from the Greek model of HADES, he abducted the daughter of CERES, PROSERPINA, to reign as his queen. The three-headed dog Cerberus was set to guard the gate of Hades and through the kingdom flowed the two rivers of death, the Cocytus and the Acheron which could be crossed only by the ferryman Charon. According to Roman tradition, the entrance to the underworld was at Avernus in Rome where the Christian church of St. Maria del Inferno was built.See also HADES....
God name
"Ndara"
Sulawesi God of the underworld. Sulawesi
God name
"Mes Lam Taea"
Akkadia God of war but thought to be an aggressive aspect of the chthonic underworld god Nergal Babylon / Mesopotamia / Akkadia / Sumeria
God name
"Mes Lam Taea"
Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian God of war. An aggressive aspect of the chthonic underworld god NERGAL. Often linked with the god LUGAL-IRRA....
Goddess name
"Gwydion"
Celtic / Welsh God of war. His mother is DON the Welsh mother goddess. He allegedly caused a war between Gwynedd and Dyfed. He visited the court of PRYDERI, son of RHIANNON, in Dyfed, and stole his pigs. In the ensuing combat Gwydion used magic powers and slew Pryderi. He seems to have underworld links, hence the route taken by the dead, the milky Way, was named Caer Gwydion....
God name
"Sarapis"
Late Egypt God. Known only from the Greco-Roman period of the early Ptolemies (fourth century BC) but persisting in Europe until second or third century AD. In Egyptian religion Sarapis is a hybridization of certain aspects of OSIRIS, the underworld god, and APIS, the bull god, who symbolizes the earthly presence of PTAH. Sarapis is perceived to epitomize both the fertility of the land and the life of the sacred bull after death. In Greek mythology he takes on aspects of ZEUS, HELIOS, ASKLEPIOS and DIONYSOS. He was worshiped extensively in the Roman Empire period. A sanctuary at York in England was dedicated by a soldier of the sixth legion, and magnificent statues were discovered in the Walbrook Mithraeum in London, and at Merida in Spain. Also Seraphis (Greek)....
Goddess name
"Mictecachiuatl"
Aztec Goddess of death and Lady of Mictlan, the underworld. Aztec
Goddess name
"Persephone"
Greek Goddess of death and spring, queen of the underworld. Greek
Goddess name
"Hel"
Scandinavia Goddess of death and the underworld. The Christian concept of "Hell" came from this goddess, however, her realm of the dead for those who were wicked was cold and dark, not fiery. Scandinavia
Goddess name
"Proserpina"
Roman but derived from a Greek model Goddess of death. Abducted by the underworld god PLUTO to reign as his queen (see PERSEPHONE)....
Goddess name
"Mahuika"
Polynesia Goddess of earthquakes who rules the edges of the underworld Polynesia
Goddess name
"Mahui Iki"
Polynesia Goddess of fire and the underworld. Polynesia
Goddess name
"Bia"
Greek Goddess of force. The daughter of the underworld goddess STYX and the sister of KRATOS, god of strength....
Goddess name
"Pajau Yan"
Cambodian Goddess of health and healing who was sent to live in the moon, where she provides flowers to the newly dead to ease their transition as they move into the underworld. Cambodian
Goddess name
"Hine-Ata-Uira (daughter of the sparkling dawn)"
Polynesian / including Maori Goddess of light. The daughter of the creator god TANE and HINEAHU-ONE. She did not remain a sky goddess but descended into the underworld, where she became the personification of death, HINE-NUITE-PO....
Goddess name
"Alpanu aka Alpan"
Etruscan Goddess of love and one of the Lasas, and a ruler of the underworld. Possibly equated with the Greek goddess Persephone. In art, she was usually depicted as a nude or semi-nude winged maiden. Etruscan
Goddess name
"Mamitu"
Mesopotamian / Babylonian - Akkadian Goddess of oaths and treaties. One of the consorts of NERGAL and subsequently identified as a chthonic underworld deity. Also Mammetu....
Goddess name
"Oya-Yansan"
Yoruba Goddess of the Niger River. She is seen in aspects of warrior-goddess of wind, lightning, fertility, fire and magic. She creates hurricanes and tornadoes and guards the underworld. Yoruba
Goddess name
"Mictanteot"
S America Goddess of the underworld. South America
Goddess name
"Ninlil"
Mesopotamian / Sumerian Goddess of the air and of grain. She is the daughter of the god of stores, Haia, and the barley goddess, Ninsebargunnu. The consort of the air god Enlil, who impregnated her with water to create the moon god Nana, she also conceived the underworld god Nergal when Enlil impregnated her disguised as the gateman of Nippur. In a similar manner she conceived the underworld god Ninazu when Enlil impregnated her disguised as the “man of the river of the nether world, the man-devouring river.” According to some texts she is also the mother of Ninurta, the god of the plough and thunderstorms....
Goddess name
"Feronia"
Etruscan Goddess of the autumn, fire and volcanoes. She also served as a goddess of travel, fire, and waters. Erilio, the king of Preneste, was her son according to one tradition. According to another tradition her son was the underworld god Herulus. Etruscan
Goddess name
"Ama"
Siberia Goddess of the dark and of the underworld. Siberia
Goddess name
"Holle"
Germanic Goddess of the newborn emerged from the underworld, where she also accepts the souls of the dead germanic
Goddess name
"Belet-Seri"
Akkadia Goddess of the underworld, who kept track of the dead coming through Babylon / Akkadia
Goddess name
"Hakea"
Polynesian, Hawaii Goddess of the underworld. Her role was generally shared with the chthonic goddess Miru....
Goddess name
"Mamitu"
Akkadia Goddess of treaties and oaths, as well as a judge in the underworld Babylon / Mesopotamia / Akkadia
Goddess name
"Nantosuelta (winding river)"
Celtic / Gallic Goddess of water. Identified as a possible consort of the god SUCELLOS. She frequently holds a pole surmounted by a dove-cote. In addition she carries the cornucopia of a fertility or mother goddess, but is also a domestic guardian deity and is often depicted with ravens, which may suggest further links with the underworld....
Goddess name
"Ksitigarbha (womb of the earth)"
Buddhist / Mahayana Goddess. Known exten sively from northern India to China and Japan. One of the group of female BODHISATTVAS or buddha designates. Color: yellow or green. Attrib utes: Book, bowl, jewel, staff and water jar. In China she is recognized as an underworld deity, Di zang. In Japan she becomes a guardian deity of passage, Jizo....
Demon name
"Yine'ane'ut"
Koryak / southeastern Siberia Guardian spirit. One of the daughters of Big Raven, QUIKINN.A'QU, regarded as a shamanka engaged in a constant struggle with the underworld demons, the kalau. Her sister is Cana'ina'ut and she is the consort of the earth spirit TANUTA....
God name
"Bali"
Hindu He was a Hindu god of the sky, but Vishnu took his power from him, casting him to the underworld where he would rule instead.
Goddess name
"Aericura aka Erecura"
Roman / Celtic Herecura, Eracura, was a goddess worshipped in ancient times, often thought to be Celtic in origin, mostly represented with the attributes of Proserpina and associated with the Roman underworld god Dis Pater. Roman / Celtic
Spirit name
"Hemoana"
Tongans In the beginning there was just the sea, and the spirit world. Tangaloa took the sky and Maui the underworld. Hemoana in the form of a sea snake, and Lupe, whose form was a dove, then divided the remainder between them, Hemoana taking the sea and Lupe taking the land. Tongans
God name
"Vamana"
Hindu / Epic / Puranic Incarnation of the god VISNU. The fifth avatara of Vis'nu which appears as a dwarf, symbolizing the puny state of mankind in the cosmos. According to legend, the god took the guise in order to trick BALI, a greatgrandson of Hiranyakashipu (see NARASINHA), whose prestige had begun to overshadow that of INDRA. To restore a proper balance Vamana requested from Bali a plot of land three paces wide on which to meditate. Vis'nu returned to his proper stature and claimed heaven and earth in two steps. He declined to take the third which would have also claimed the underworld, but instead gave its rule to Bali. The dwarfish form bears two arms. Attributes: umbrella and waterpot....
God name
"Asphodel Meadows"
Greek Is a section of the Ancient Greek underworld where indifferent and ordinary souls were sent to live after death. Hades, the Greek name for the underworld, also the name of the god Hades, is divided into two main sections: Erebus and Tartarus.
Demon name
"Abaddon"
Babylonian It is the second of the seven names of the underworld in the Babylonian Talmud. Chief of the demons of the 7th hierarchy Hebrew / Christian
God name
"Tlaloc"
Olmec Jaguar God of the underworld. Olmec
King name
"Gwynn Ap Nudd"
Welsh king of the fairies and the underworld. Welsh
Goddess name
"Ataecina"
RomanoIberian Local chthonic underworld goddess. Known from inscriptions in the Tagus region, where the Romans identified her with the goddess PROSERPINA....
Goddess name
"Meretseger"
Egypt Localized chthonic goddess associated with the underworld. At Thebes she acted in either benign or destructive fashion against workers building tombs in the Valley of the kings. She is generally depicted as a coiled cobra which may possess a human head and arm. One of the best representations is on the sarcophagus of Rameses III. She lost her popularity when the use of Thebes as a royal cemetery was discontinued early in the first millennium BC....
God name
"Babi"
Egypt Malevolent god. Known from as early as the Old kingdom (circa 2700 BC). Babi is seen as a violent and hostile deity whose presence can be highly dangerous during the ceremony of the Weighing of the Heart in the Hall of the Two Truths (see also AMMUT). Conversely he can also act in a protective capacity. Closely associated with sexual virility in the underworld, Babi is ithyphallic. A god active in the darkness, his penis serves variously as the mast on the underworld ferry boat, and the bolt on heaven's doors. Depicted as an ithyphallic male baboon....
God name
"Ba-Pef"
Egypt Malevolent underworld god. Egypt
God name
"Ahau Kin"
Mayan Meaning "lord of the Sun face," he was a Sun god and moon god; he had two manifestations. At night, he became a jaguar god and lord of the underworld. Mayan
Hero name
"Cocytus"
Greek Meaning river of wailing or lamentation, was the river in the underworld on the banks of which the dead who could not pay Charon wandered, according to most accounts, for one hundred years. It flowed into the river Acheron, across which lay Hades, the mythological abode of the dead. Greek
Goddess name
"Namtar (fate)"
Mesopotamian / Sumerian Messenger god(dess). A go-between and either minister or maid-servant of the underworld goddess ERES KIGAL, who brings death to mankind at the appropriate time....
God name
"Virbius"
Roman Minor chthonic god. A malevolent underworld deity who was frequently invoked during the worship of Diana in the Arician woodlands surrounding her sanctuary at Nemi. Virbius was reputed to prowl these woods and to be an emanation of Hippolytus, a mortal who had been trampled to death by his horses and made immortal by Aesculapius. For this reason the Arician woods were barred to horses....
God name
"Mehen"
Egypt Minor chthonic underworld god Egypt
God name
"Acolmiztli"
Aztec Minor chthonic underworld god. Aztec
God name
"Birdu"
Mesopotamian / Babylonian - Akkadian Minor chthonic underworld god. Consort of MANUNGAL and syncretized with NERGAL....
Deities name
"Acolmiztli (shoulder-lion)"
Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Minor chthonic underworld god. One of the deities collectively classed as the MICTLANTECUHTLI complex....
Deities name
"Acolnahuacatl"
Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Minor chthonic underworld god. One of the deities collectively classed as the MICTLANTECUHTLI complex....
Deities name
"Chalmecatl"
Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Minor chthonic underworld god. One of the deities collectively classed as the MICTLANTECUHTLI complex....
Deities name
"Nextepehua (ash-scatterer)"
Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Minor chthonic underworld god. One of the group of deities belonging to the MICTLANTECUHTLI complex....
Goddess name
"Rhadamanthos"
Greco - Roman Minor chthonic underworld god. One of three judges attending the goddess of justice THEMIS evaluating the souls of the dead entering Hades....
God name
"Mehen"
Egypt Minor chthonic underworld god. The guardian of the barque of the Sun god RE during its passage through the underworld at night. Depicted in the form of a coiled snake....
Goddess name
"Micapetlacoli"
Aztec Minor chthonic underworld goddess Aztec
Goddess name
"Chalmecacihuilt (chalman lady)"
Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Minor chthonic underworld goddess. One of the deities collectively classed as the MICTLANTECUHTLI complex....
Goddess name
"Micapetlacoli (dead mat chest)"
Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Minor chthonic underworld goddess. One of the group of deities belonging to the MICTLANTECUHTLI complex....
God name
"Tzontemoc"
Aztec Minor underworld and god. Aztec
Goddess name
"Gugulanna"
Mesopotamian / Sumerian Minor underworld deity. The consort of the goddess ERESiKIGAL, mentioned as the pretext on which the fertility goddess INANA descends to the netherworld....
God name
"Chalmetcal"
Aztec Minor underworld god Aztec
God name
"Minos"
Greco - Roman Minor underworld god. A son of Zeus and Europa. The mythical king of Crete. One of three judges of the dead souls entering Hades. His cult is linked with the worship of bulls....