|Lebanon / Syria
|Fertility and vegetation god. Adonis is modeled on the Mesopotamian dying vegetation god DUMUZI (Hebrew: Tammuz). He appears as a youthful deity. The river Adonis [Nahr Ibrahim] is sacred to him largely because its waters flow red after heavy Winter Rains, having become saturated with ferrous oxide. In Hellenic tradition he is the son of the mythical Cyprian king Cinyras and his mother is MYRRHA. According to Hesiod he is also the son of Phoenix and Alphesiboea. He is the consort of APHRODITE. Tradition has it that he was killed by a boar during a hunting expedition and is condemned to the underworld for six months of each year, during which the earth's vegetation parches and dies under the summer Sun and drought. He was honored in a spring festival when priests in effeminate costume gashed themselves with knives. Frequently depicted nude and sometimes carrying a lyre. Also ATTIS (Phrygian); ATUNIS (Etruscan)....
|Celtic / Irish
|KNOWN PERIOD OF WORSHIP circa 500 BC . The son of the DAGDA by the wife of Elcmar (one of the kings of Tara) who may have been the goddess BOANN, Aengus lived in the Valley of the Boyne and was closely linked with the ancient funerary tumuli in the region. According to legend, Aengus fell in love with a maiden whose identity he sought in vain. As he wasted away, his father and mother made enquiries until they located Caer, daughter of the king of Cannaught, who lived on Loch Bel dragon in the shape of a swan with 150 attendant swans. Aengus eventually found her and he also changed into a bird....
|Creator Sun god. Aten, the Sun as a disc, was revered as a numen in his own right, distinct from Atum or Re, from circa 2000 BC and possibly earlier. His influence had been growing under several pharaohs including Amenhotep II, Tuthmosis IV and Amenhotep III, who initiated a cult of Aten at Heliopolis....
|Sun god and creator god. Atum is generally represented in human form and often wears a crown which combines those of Upper and Lower Egypt. He is represented as various animals including the bull, lion, snake and lizard. Atum was regarded as the progenitor of the Egyptian pharaohs. Both Atum and Re are represented by a Divine black bull, Mnevis or Mer-wer, wearing the Sun disc and uraeus or snake between its horns. It acts as an intercessor between the Sun god and his priests in Heliopolis....
|Germanic / possibly Icelandic / Nordic
|Unknown status. The Alcis are twin deities (brothers) known only as sons of the sky gods. From Germanic times we have a La Tene urn with pictures of paired men on horseback and linked by a wooden beam. Tacitus describes the worship of twin gods by the Naharvali tribe, their priests dressed in effeminate costume (see also the Phrygian deity ATTIS). They may have been worshiped in Forest sanctuaries along the northern coast of Europe....
|underworld goddess Iranian
"Anat in Mesopotamia"
|In Akkadian the form one would expect Anat to take would be Antu earlier Antum. This would also be the normal femanine form that would be taken by Anu, the Akkadian form of An 'Sky', the Sumerian god of heaven. Antu appears in Akkadian texts mostly as a rather colorless consort of Anu, the mother of Ishtar in the Gilgamesh story, but is also identified with the northwest Semitic goddess Anat of essentially the same name. It is unknown whether this is an equation of two originally separate goddesses whose names happened to fall together or whether Anat's cult spread to Mesopotamia where she came to be worshippped as Anu's spouse because the Mesopotamia form of her name suggested she was a counterpart to Anu.
|Early earth goddess, who with her daughter Axiocersa, personified the earth in spring and in autumn Roman / Phrygian
"Antu aka Antum"
|Babylon / Akkadia
|A goddess, the first consort of Anu. They were the parents of the Anunnaki and the Utukki. Antu was replaced as consort by Ishtar or Inanna, who may also be a daughter of Anu and Antu. She is similar to Anat. Babylon / Akkadia
|Western Semitic / Canaanite
|Chthonic underworld goddess. According to epic creation texts, she is the third daughter of BAAL at Ugarit (Ras Samra), possibly also equating with ALLATUM....
|Goddess of fertility Canaan
|Western Semitic / Canaanite
|Fertility goddess. Probably a corruption of the Semitic ATHIRAT or ASERAH. Also mentioned in Babylonian texts from the Hellenistic period. Also Asrat (Akkadian)....
|The first god, having arisen by his own force himself, sitting on a mound (benben), from the primordial waters (Nu). Early myths state that Atum created the god Shu and goddess Tefnut from his √åǧïñå by masturbation in the city of Annu. Egypt
|Western Semitic / Canaanite / northern Israel, Lebanon / later Egypt
|vegetation deity and national god. Baal may have originated in pre-agricultural times as god of storms and Rain. He is the son of DAGAN and in turn is the father of seven storm gods, the Baalim of the Vetus Testamentum, and seven midwife goddesses, the SASURATUM. He is considered to have been worshiped from at least the nineteenth century BC. Later he became a vegetation god concerned with fertility of the land. From the mid-sixteenth century BC in the Egyptian New kingdom, Baal enjoyed a significant cult following, but the legend of his demise and restoration was never equated with that of OSIRIS. In the Greco-Roman period, Baal became åśśimilated in the Palestine region with ZEUS and JUPITER, but as a Punic deity [Carthage] he was allied with SATURNUS, the god of seed-sowing....
| Mesopotamian / Babylonian - Akkadian
|Generic title meaning lord. The Babylonian god MARDUK was often addressed as Bel, and the name occurs in the Vetus Testamentum. The New Year festival of akitu in Babylon included a ceremony of leading Bel by the hand. The name also appears at Palmyra as the tutelary creator god whose attributes include lightning and an eagle....
"Beltiya (my lady)"
|Mesopotamian / Babylonian - Akkadian
|Generic title of goddess. ZARPANITUM (SARPANITUM), the consort of the Babylonian god MARDUK, is often addressed as Beltiya....
|Egypt / Upper
|Transmuted bird-like form of a Sun god. A deity mentioned in Pyramid Texts (circa twenty-fifth century BC) and linked with the Sun god of Heliopolis, ATUM. He is also said to have been self-created from the primeval ocean and is sometimes a symbol of rebirth in the afterlife. Benu may have augmented the Greek clåśśical tradition of the Phoenix. He appears in the Old kingdom as a yellow wagtail but later becomes a heron, wearing the conical white crown of Upper Egypt with two slender feathers pointing backwards from its crest....
"Bhutadamara (tumult of demons)"
|Buddhist / Mahayana
|God. May be depicted reclining on the Hindu goddess APARAJITA. Attributes: snakes in the hair, and staff. Three-eyed....