Demeter (In Rome Ceres)

She is one of the great Olympian Gods, and the Goddess of fertility and agriculture. She is seen as a part of the trinity, The Maiden, The Mother and The Crone. Demeter is seen as The Mother, and her daughter Persephone is seen is The Maiden. Hekate is Seen as The Crone. Demeter also gave grain to humans.

Her parents were the Titans Kronos and Rhea, who ruled everything before Zeus exiled them to Tartaros, a place in the underworld, and took the place of the ultimate ruler. The Titans were first-born children of the primordial couple Gaia (earth) and Ouranos (sky). Kronos swallowed Demeter, and her siblings, when they were born, because of a prophecy told by his parents, that said that he was destined to be overpowered by his son (Zeus). Rhea were able to hide Zeus, who after growing up, forced his father to vomit his siblings, including Demeter.

Demeter had an affair with Zeus (or in some stories Zeus raped her), and Persephone, also known as Kore, was born. One day when Persephone was outside gathering flowers without her mother, the ground opened and Hades, Demeter´s brother and God of the underworld, emerged in his golden chariots to take her with him to Hades, the Underworld, and to rule with him. Demeter became worried and searched for her everywhere. With two torches (Intuition and Reason) Demeter wandered around the world for nine days without eating or resting. In the ninth day she came across Hekate, who with Helios, had heard her daughters cries. Helios, sun God, who was able to see everything from the sky, told Demeter that Hades had taken Persephone with the connivance of Zeus. Demeter became so angry that she abandoned the company of the Gods and hid herself among mortals in the guise of an old woman.

As an old crone, she arrived in Eleusis. Daughters of the King Keleos saw her and said that she was welcome to stay in the town. Demeter, who let them believe that she was an old woman abducted from Crete by pirates, asked them for some work. The girls took her to their mother, queen Metaneira, who hired her as a nursemaid for her infant son Demophoon. To repay Mataneira for her kindness, Demeter decided to make her son immortal. The plan went well until Mateneira saw her holding her son over the fire one night, and cried out in dismay. Demeter became angry, and resumed her true form, and denied immortality from Mateneiras son. She said that there should be a temple built in her honor and each year there was to be a festival to honor her. When her demands had been obeyed, she would come to Eleusis and teach them in her sacred rites, which would be celebrated there in the future as the famous Eleusinian Mysteries.

As long as Demeter was away from Olympus, the earth was unfertile and nothing grew. Zeus sent the divine messenger Iris to tell her to return to Olympus, but Demeter refused. The Gods brought her gifts, but she said that the only thing she wanted was her daughter to come home, and only then she would let the earth become fertile again. Zeus did not have any choice, but to ask his brother to release Persephone. Hades promised to release her, but in secret asked Persephone to eat a Pomegranate seed before she left, to ensure that she would stay bound to the Underworld forever. Askalaphos, inhabitant of the underworld, told everybody that Persephone had eaten while staying in Hades. Because of this, Persephone had to spend one third of the year in the Underworld and two-thirds with Demeter. So while Persephone was with her mother the earth was fertile and when she was in the Underworld nothing would grow and there would be winter. Demeter punished Askalaphos, because he told about Persephone, by confining him under a heavy rock, and later when he was released, she turned him into an owl. When Persephone entered the Underworld, previous mistress of Hades, nymph Minthe boasted that she was more beautiful and would soon win the love of Hades back. When Demeter heard that, she turned the nymph into a mint-plant.

Demeter also had children with Poseidon, the God of sea. Their son was a divine horse called Areion or Arion, and a daughter whose name could be revealed to initiates alone. Demeter had also two sons with Iasion, son of Zeus and a mortal woman called Elektra. The sons names were Ploutos and Philomelos, who did not get along with each other, because Ploutos was richer than his brother. Philomelos bought two oxes and invented the plough to make his living from the land. Demeter was so impressed by his son that she placed him in the heaven as the constellation Boötes.

One time Thessalian hero Erysichthon wanted to build himself a new palace. He chose trees that were sacred to Demeter as material for his palace. After ignoring the warning of Demeter herself as a guise of her priestess Nikippe and killing the nymph that lived in one of the sacred trees, Demeter became so angry that she cursed him with a never ending hunger. The more Thessalian ate, the more hungrier and thinner he became. Once he had lost all his money to buy food, he sold his daughter Mestra to slavery. Mestra was a mistress of Poseidon, and he granted her power to transform into an animal at will. That way she was able to escape every time her father tried to sell her. Thessalians father, Triopas, had also been cursed by Demeter. Triopas destroyed Demeter´s temple, and the Goddess killed him by sending a huge serpent against him. After his death, she placed him among the stars where the serpent torments him forever.

Sacred Days :

Phases of the moon dedicated to her:
Days 13-15 Dedicated to Demeter, the nurturer.
Mabon (autumn equinox) about 23 September. Time of the greater Eleusinian mysteries in ancient Greece. Day is sacred to Demeter and Persephone.
August is dedicated to Demeter (Ceres).

List of Gods : "Demeter" - 43 records

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Name ▲▼Origin ▲▼Description ▲▼

Greek A son of Metaneira, was changed by Demeter into a lizard
Hero name
Greek Acheron a son of Helios and Gaea or Demeter, and was changed into the river bearing his name in the lower world, because he had refreshed the Titans with drink during their contest with Zeus.
Nymph name
Roman A Sicilian nymph, and according to Alcimus, a daughter of Uråñuś and Gaea, or of Briareus. Simonides said that she had acted as arbitrator between Hephaestus and Demeter respecting the possession of Sicily.
Goddess name
Greek A fabulous horse, which Poseidon begot by Demeter; for in order to escape from the pursuit of Poseidon, the goddess had metamorphosed herself into a mare, and Poseidon deceived her by åśśuming the figure of a horse. Demeter afterwards gave birth to the horse Arion, and a daughter, Despoena.

Greek A surname of Demeter and Persephone, which is derived either from "to dry fruits", or from "to seek". Greek

Greek A mythical woman of Eleusis, whom Hesychius calls the nurse of Demeter

Greek An old woman who jested with Demeter when she was mourning the loss of her daughter Demeter. Greek

Greek The angry or the terrifying, occurs as a surname of several divinities, such as Hecate or Persephone (Argonautica), Demeter, and Cybele. Greek
Goddess name
Roman Mother goddess. Mother goddess. Ceres is arguably the most recent model of the “great mother” whose predecessors include INANA, IS TAR, ARTEMIS, KYBELE and Demeter on whom she is directly modeled. She is the daughter of KRONOS (Cronus) and RHEA and one of the more important consorts of JUPITER. Ceres was worshiped through the festivals of Thesmophoria and Cerealia in sanctuaries throughout the Greco-Roman empires....
Goddess name
Ireland Goddess of County Wexford and black magic. Has roots in the Greek Goddess, Demeter. Ireland
King name
Greek A king of Eleusis, and husband of Metaneira. When Demeter, on her wanderings in search of her daughter, came to Eleusis, she stayed in the house of Celeus. Greek

Greek The Latin name for Demeter; also the name of one of the asteroids, the first discovered, by Piazzi, in 1801. Greek
God name
Greek 1. A son of Poseidon and Medusa, and consequently a brother of Pegasus. When Perseus cut off the head of Medusa, Chrysaor and Pegasus sprang forth from it. Chrysaor became by Callirrhoe the father of the three-headed Geryones and Echidna. ( Theogony of Hesiod 280) 2. The god with the golden sword or arms. In this sense it is used as a surname or attribute of several divinities, such as Apollo, Artemis and Demeter. We find Chrysaoreus as a surname of Zeus with the same meaning, under which he had a temple in Caria, which was a national sanctuary, and the place of meeting for the national åśśembly of the Carians. Greek
Goddess name
Greek May mean the subterraneous, or the goddess of the earth, that is, the protectress of the fields, whence it is used as a surname of infernal divinities, such as Hecate, Nyx and Melinoe, but especially of Demeter. Greek

Greek A son of Uråñuś and Ge, and the youngest among the Titans. He was married to Rhea, by whom he became the father of Hestia, Demeter, Hera, Hades, Poseidon, and Zeus. Cheiron is also called a son of Cronus. Greek
God name
Greek / Roman Or "Lent Lily," was once white; but Persephone, daughter of Demeter, delighted to wander about the flowery meadows of Sicily. One spring, throwing herself on the gråśś, she fell asleep. The god of the Infernal regions, Pluto, fell in love with the beautiful maid, and carried her off for his bride. His touch turned the white flowers to a golden yellow, and some of them fell in Acheron, where they grew luxuriantly; and ever since the flower has been planted on graves. Greek / Roman

Greek One of the great divinities of the Greeks. The name Demeter is supposed by some to be the same as mother earth, while others consider Deo, which is synonymous with Demeter and as derived from the Cretan word barley, so that Demeter would be the mother or giver of barley or of food generally. Greek

Greek A name of Demeter. It also occurs as a proper name of other mythical beings, such as the Cúɱaean Sibyl and a daughter of Celeus and Metaneira, who, together with her sisters, kindly received Demeter at the well Callichoros in Attica. Greek
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Michael Jordan, Encyclopedia of gods 2002
Michael Senior, Who´s who in mythology 1985
Elizabeth Hallan, Mytologian Jumalat (Gods and Goddesses, 96) 1997
Nigel Pennick, the Pagan book of days 1992
Arthur Cotterell, Mytologia: Jumalia, Sankareita, Myyttejä 2005
Robin Hard, the Routledge handbook of Greek mythology 2004