|The large blackeyed damsels of Paradise, possessed of perpetual youth and beauty, whose virginity is renewable at pleasure. Every believer will have seventy-two of these houris in Paradise, and his intercourse with them will be fruitful or otherwise, according to his wish. If an offspring is desired, it will grow to full estate in an hour. (Persian, huri; Arabic, huriya, nymphs of Paradise. Koran
|king of the Genii, famous for a golden cup full of the elixir of life. This cup, hidden by the genii, was discovered while digging the foundations of Persepolis. Persia
|The Gehenna or Inferno of the Arabs. It consists of seven stages, one below the other. The first is allotted to atheists; the second to Manicheans; the third to the Brahmins of India; the fourth to the Jews; the fifth to Christians; the sixth to the Magians or Ghebers of Persia; and the seventh to hypocrites. The Koran
|A bit of a strange definition, possessed by all morals yet it is of fire which dwells in water
|The Circe of the Arabians, who, by her enchantments, transformed men into horses and other brute beasts. She is introduced into the Arabian nights' Entertainments, where Beder, Prince of Persia, marries her, defeats her plots against him, and turns her into a mare. Being restored to her proper shape by her mother, she turns Beder into an owl; but the prince ultimately regains his own proper form.
|Persian / Iran
|God of the upper air. Originating in India, Mithra is a god of light who was translated into the attendant of the god AHURA MAZDA in the light religion of Persia; from this he was adopted as the Roman deity Mithras. He is not generally regarded as a sky god but a personification of the fertilizing power of warm, light air. According to the Avesta, he possesses 10,000 eyes and ears and rides in a chariot drawn by white horses. In dualistic Zoroastrianism, which effectively demoted him, Mithra is concerned with the endless battle between light and dark forces; he represents truth. He is responsible for the keeping of oaths and contracts. He was born from a rock and, according to legend, engaged in a primeval struggle with Ahura Mazda's first creation, a wild bull, which he subdued and confined to a cave. The bull escaped, but was recaptured by Mithra, who slit its throat. From the blood sprang plant life on earth. His chief adversary is AHRIMAN, the power of darkness. Mithra is not generally worshiped on his own, but as an integral part of the Mithraic worship of Ahura Mazda, where he acts as an intercessor between gods and men. In the Hellenic period he was transformed more closely to the role of a Sun god. See also AHURA MAZDA....
|God, the progenitor of the cow who also presides over tides and time as well as God of the moon Persia
|Persian / Iran
|moon god. The progenitor of the cow, typically depicted with the tips of a sickle moon projecting from his shoulders....
|The first dynasty of Persian mythological history. Mah Abad (the great Abad) and his wife were the only persons left on the earth after the great cycle, and from them the world was peopled. Azer Abad, the fourteenth and last of this dynasty, left the earth because "all flesh had corrupted itself," and a period of anarchy ensued.
"Mantra or Mintra"
|A spell, a talisman, by which a person holds sway over the elements and spirits of all denominations. Persian
|Pre - Christian Armenian
|Sun god. Closely linked with the Persian model of MITHRA, he is the son of Aramazd who appears in the form of fire. In contrast to this imagery, his home is said to be in a cave and he takes the animal guise of a raven....
|Antioch - near - Pisidia
|Local tutelary god. Possibly originating as a Persian moon god and known chiefly from a description by Strabo. He enjoyed a substantial cult including a temple some 1,200 meters above sea level. His symbol is the head of a bull above a crescent moon and wreath; it appears on local coinage circa AD 200. The popularity of the cult earned antagonism from the Roman occupation.See also MEN....
|Pre - Christian Caucasus region
|God of light. Probably derived from the Persian god MITHRA. Also the deity responsible for fire....
|A god of war & light that had all the trappings of Christianity from 400BCE-200CE
|The ancient Persian bowed to Mithra as the Sun, for it was said-- "May he come to us for protection, for joy,
|Greco - Roman
|God of soldiers. Derived from the Indian-Persian model. He became particularly prominent among military people throughout the Roman Empire during the first and second centuries AD, as a god symbolizing loyalty and truth. The cult was performed in an underground temple, the mitbraeum, and involved the sacrifice of a bull. Mithraism, under Roman influence, was an exclusively male cult....
|Hindu / Vedic / Puranic
|Minor Sun god. An Aditya, one of six descendants of ADITI, he was originally åśśociated with VARUNA (Vedic), ruling the day while Varuna ruled the night. It is from this model that first MITHRA (Persian) and then MITHRAS (Roman) were derived. He is also the god of intimate friendship. Attributes: two lotuses, trident and a sacrificial drink or soma....
|Mesopotamian / Sumerian
|The goddess of Dilmun. The patron deity of the mythical Paradise land of Dilmun which seems to have been perceived as somewhere off the coast of the Persian Gulf but firmly beyond the frontiers of Sumer. It is Ninsikil who pleads with Enki to provide the earth with the boon of fresh water in the sacred rivers Tigris and Euphrates....
The procreative powers in Nature, animate and inanimate, seeming to be the source of animal and vegetable life, received adoration, which ultimately led to unspeakable corruption. Herodotus tells us that the Persians in his time worshipped the sun, moon, sky, earth, fire, wind and water. Offerings to the gods were laid on a mass of pomegranate twigs (baresman; Sanskrit, barhis), and the flesh of victims was boiled, not burnt. Libations of haoma-juice were poured out, just as in India the soma was the drink of both gods and their worshippers.
It is complex to treat Persian gods because their importance differs according to different religions :