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God Name and Meaning

List of Gods   : "Ce"

NameOriginDescription
Goddess name "AEGIR (water)" Icelandic / Nordic God of the ocean. A lesser known AESIR god of Asgard concerned with the moods of the sea and their implications for mariners. The river Eider was known to the Vikings as “Aegir's Door.” Aegir is also depicted in some poetry as the “ale brewer,” perhaps an allusion to the caldrons of mead which were thought to come from under the sea (see also the Celtic deities DAGDA and GOBNIU). There are references in literature to Saxons sacrificing captives, probably to Aegir, before setting sail for home. Linked in uncertain manner to the goddess RAN he was believed to have sired nine children, the waves of the sea, who were possibly giantesses....
Goddess name "AENGUS" Celtic / Irish KNOWN PERIOD OF WORSHIP circa 500 BC . The son of the DAGDA by “the wife of Elcmar” (one of the kings of Tara) who may have been the goddess BOANN, Aengus lived in the Valley of the Boyne and was closely linked with the ancient funerary tumuli in the region. According to legend, Aengus fell in love with a maiden whose identity he sought in vain. As he wasted away, his father and mother made enquiries until they located Caer, daughter of the king of Cannaught, who lived on Loch Bel dragon in the shape of a swan with 150 attendant swans. Aengus eventually found her and he also changed into a bird....
Goddess name "AMATERASU-O-MI-KAMI" Shinto / Japan Sun goddess. The central figure of Shintoism and the ancestral deity of the imperial house. One of the daughters of the primordial god IZANAGI and said to be his favorite offspring, she was born from his left eye. She is the sibling of SUSANO-WO, the storm god. According to mythology she and Susano-Wo are obliged to join each other in order to survive....
Goddess name "ASTARTE (star)" Semitic, Phoenician, Lebanon, Syria / The goddess of the evening star, of war / of sexual love Fertility goddess. Inscriptions from the fifth century BC in her major temple at Sidon suggest she was perceived as an emanation of BAAL SAMIN, personifying his Divine power. She is also his consort. Her animal is the sphinx, which typically appears on either side of her throne....
God name "Abandinus" Celtic An obscure Celtic deity, possibly a river-god. He is currently known only from a single inscription from Godmanchester in Cambridgeshire, England: a bronze votive feather is dedicated to him with the fragmentary text "to the god Abandinus, Vatiaucus gave this from his own resources" inscribed on a plaque.
God name "Abandinus" Roman / Celtic / British God of unknown affinities. The name appears in an inscription at Godmanchester, Cambridge, England....
Angel name "Abariel" Christian A hippy angel into ceremonial magic who appears on the second pentacle of the moon. Christian
God name "Abellio" Roman / Celtic / Gallic Tree god. Known from inscriptions in the Garonne valley of southwestern France and thought to be associated with apple trees....
Goddess name "Abnoba" Celtic Goddess of the hunt, similar to the Roman Diana. Celtic
Goddess name "Abnoba" Roman / Celtic / European Forest and river goddess. Known locally from the Black Forest region of Germany. The name “Avon,” associated with many rivers, derives from her name....
Deity name "Abracax" Greek Also written Abraxas or Abrasax, in Persian mythology denotes the Supreme Being. In Greek notation it stands for 365. In Persian mythology Abracax presides over 365 impersonated virtues, one of which is supposed to prevail on each day of the year. In the second century the word was employed by the Basilidians for the deity; it was also the principle of the Gnostic hierarchy, and that from which sprang their numerous Æons.
Deity name "Abzu" Mesopotamian / Sumerian Primordial deity of underground waters. His center of cult is at Eridu (southern Mesopotamia), and he was replaced in Akkadian times by APSU....
Monster name "Achiyalatopa" Zuni Celestial giant monster with feathers of flint knives. Zuni
Goddess name "Achtland" Celtic Goddess queen who no mortal man could sexually satisfy, so she took a giant from the faery realm as her mate. Celtic
"Actaeon" Greek Son of Aristaeus and Autonoe, a daughter of Cadmus. He was trained in the art of hunting by the centaur Cheiron, and was afterwards torn to pieces by his own 50 hounds on mount Cithaeron. The names of these hounds are given by Ovid (Metamorphoses III) and Hyginus.
King name "Actaeus" Greek A son of Erisichthon, and the earliest king of Attica. He had three daughters, Agraulos, Herse, and Pandrosus, and was succeeded by Cecrops. Greek
"Actor" Greek Son of Aristaeus and Autonoe, a daughter of Cadmus. He was trained in the art of hunting by the centaur Cheiron, and was afterwards torn to pieces by his own 50 hounds on mount Cithaeron. The names of these hounds are given by Ovid (Metamorphoses III) and Hyginus.
Demon name "Addanc aka adanc" Welsh Addane, afanc, avanc, abhac, abac, a lake monster that also appears in Celtic and British folklore. It is described alternately as resembling a crocodile, beaver or dwarf, and is sometimes said to be a demon. The lake in which it dwells also varies; it is variously said to live in Llyn Llion, Llyn Barfog, near Brynberian Bridge or in Llyn yr Afanc, a lake in Betws-y-Coed that was named after the creature. Welsh
God name "Adroa" Africa A god of the Lugbara people of central Africa. Adroa has two aspects: one good and one evil. He is the creator of heaven and earth, and he appears to those about to die. Adroa is depicted as a tall, white man with only half a body – one eye, one arm, one leg, one ear. Africa
God name "Aed" Celtic / Ireland underworld god. Son of Lir and Aobh. Celtic / Ireland
God name "Aed" Celtic / Irish Chthonic underworld god. Known from inscriptions. Aed mac Lir, son of LIR and Aobh was, according to tradition, turned into a swan by his stepmother, Aoife....
King name "Aegicores" Greek A son of Ion, a king of Athens between the reigns of Erechtheus and Cecrops. Greek
"Aegis" Greek In Homer, is the shield or buckler of Zeus, fashioned for him by Hephaestus, furnished with tassels and bearing the Gorgon's head in the centre. Originally symbolic of the storm-cloud, it is probably derived from aisso, signifying rapid, violent motion.
"Aengus" Celtic / Irish worshipped from about 500 BC / 400 AD
Spirit name "Aequitas" Roman Minor god. spirit of fair dealing, known particularly from the second century BC....
God name "Aericura" Celtic / Roman An underworld god known only from inscription
God name "Aericura" Roman / Celtic Chthonic underworld god. Known only from inscriptions....
Goddess name "Aericura aka Erecura" Roman / Celtic Herecura, Eracura, was a goddess worshipped in ancient times, often thought to be Celtic in origin, mostly represented with the attributes of Proserpina and associated with the Roman underworld god Dis Pater. Roman / Celtic
Goddess name "Aerten" Welsh / Cornish Goddess of fate who presided over the battles of several Celtic clans. She is often equated to the Three Fates of Greco-Roman mythology. Welsh / cornish
Goddess name "Aeval" Celtic A goddess of sexual relations & small size
Goddess name "Aeval .Aibell Aoibhell" Celtic Aeval aka Aibell Aoibhell, was a goddess or fairy queen of Munster. She determined if husbands were sexually satsifying their wives. Celtic
Deities name "Agnostos Theos" Greco - Roman The unknown god(s) usually addressed in the plural form. They were the subject of altar inscriptions, particularly in Athens, probably out of concern lest certain less popular deities be neglected or forgotten....
King name "Agraulos" Greek A daughter of Actaeus, the first king of Athens. By her husband, Cecrops, she became the mother of Erysichthon, Agraulos, Herse, and Pandrosos. 2. A daughter of Cecrops and Agraulos, and mother of Alcippe by Ares.
God name "Agros" Greek Lesser God of fields, courtyards, viticulture, and wine cellars. Brother of
Deities name "Ah Patnar Uinicob (owners of the jars men)" Mayan / Yucatec, Mesoamerican / Mexico Attendant water gods. Four huge deities who pour water on to the earth from jars. The end of the dry season is marked on May 3, completing an eight day Rain ceremony....
Spirit name "Aha (grandmother)" Yakut / central Siberia River spirit. The guardian and apotheosis of rivers....
Goddess name "Aidin" Celtic Goddess of love and sexuality Celtic
Goddess name "Aine" Celtic / Irish Obscure sky or Sun goddess. May have an association with horses....
"Aius Locutius" Gallic Loquens, was a Roman numen associated with the Gallic invasions of the early 4th century. In 390 BC, the Gauls moved in the direction of Rome. According to Roman folklore, a Roman named Caedicius kept hearing a disembodied nocturnal voice at the base of the Palatine hill in the Forum Romanum. The voice warned Caedicius of the oncoming attack and recommended that the walls of Rome be fortified.
Spirit name "Ajysyt" Yakut / central Siberia Maternal spirit. The deity who oversees the lying-in of an expectant mother and who brings the child's soul to the child-bed. The term ajysyt can also apply to a male spirit, thus the ajysyt that oversees the birth of horses is male, while that of horned cattle is female....
Goddess name "Akonadi" Ghanaian / West Africa Oracular goddess. Known in the region around Accra where she has had a celebrated oracular shrine. She is regarded as a goddess of justice and a guardian deity of women....
God name "Akongo" Ngombe / Democratic Republic of Congo, central Africa Creator god. The supreme deity considered to have given the world, and all that is in it, form and substance....
Goddess name "Ala" Ibo / eastern Nigeria, West Africa Chthonic fertility goddess. A popular deity who is also goddess of the underworld linked with a cult of the dead (which rest in her womb). Her temple is the Mbari which contains a cult statue depicting the goddess seated with a child in her arms and adorned with the crescent moon. She is flanked by attendant deities. She enjoys a profusion of local shrines which are well supplied with votive offerings. Serious crimes including murder are considered to be offenses against her. An annual yam festival is celebrated in her honor. Also Ale, Ana, ANI....
Goddess name "Alaisiagae" Roman / Celtic / British Minor goddesses. They are identified at houseteads (Northumberland) in a shrine to Mars Thincsus....
Goddess name "Alaisiagae the" Celtic / British / Roman They are minor goddess
Spirit name "Alalu Ossetian" Cen Caucasians A spirit of smallpox & protects women
"Alaunus" Celtic a local name from the Mannheim area for Mecurius
God name "Alaunus" Roman / Celtic / European Local god. Known from areas around Mannheim and Salzburg. The Romans syncretized him with MERCURIUS....
God name "Albion" Britain Son of a forgotten Sea God who may have been part of a lost creation myth. Was once said to rule the Celtic world. His name became the poetic name for Britain.
"Alcinous" Greek A son of Nausithous, and grandson of Poseidon. His name is celebrated in the story of the Argonauts, and still more in that of the wanderings of Odysseus.
"Alcippe" Greek Daughter of Ares and Agraulos, the daughter of Cecrops. Halirrhothius, the son of Poseidon, intended to violate her, but was surprised by Ares, and killed, for which Poseidon bore a grudge against Ares. (Apollodorus iii.)
"Alisanos" Celtic / France A personification of "alder-tree Forestation. Celtic / France
God name "Alisanos" Roman / Celtic / Gallic Local chthonic earth god. Known only from inscription in the region of the Cote d'Or and associated with the land. Also Alisonus, Alisanus....
Goddess name "Allat (goddess)" Pre - Islamic northern / central Arabian Astral and tutelary goddess. One of the three daughters of ALLAH. At Palmyra she was regularly invoked as a domestic guardian either as Allat or ASTARTE with whom she is closely linked. At Ta'if she was symbolized in the form of a white granite stone. In Hellenic times she became syncretized with ATHENA or, according to Herodotus who called her Alilat, with APHRODITE....
"Alope" Greek A daughter of Cercyon, who was beloved by Poseidon on account of her great beauty, and became by him the mother of a son, whom she exposed immediately after his birth.
God name "Amaethon" Celtic A god of Agriculture
God name "Amaethon" Celtic / Welsh God of Agriculture. A son of DON and brother of GWYDION, he is known from a limited number of Welsh texts and was engaged in a mythical battle against the ARAWN. Associated with ploughing and husbandry. The modern Welsh name for a farmer is amaetbwr....
Deity name "Amaethon / Amathaon" Celtic Amaethon aka Amathaon ‘great ploughman', was a son of Don and an agricultural deity. Celtic
God name "Ambisagrus aka Bussumarus" Britain Originally from Gaul, where his Celtic identity was lost during the Roman takeover where he took all the characteristics of the Roman God Jupiter. weather deity who controlled the Rain, wind, hail and fog. Britain
Deities name "Ame-No-Minaka-Nushi-No-Kami" Shinto (Exalted Musubi deity), who is later related to the gods of the heaven; Kami-musubi no Kami (Sacred Musubi deity), related to the gods of the earth; and Ame no Minaka-nushi no Kami (Heavenly Centre-Ruling deity). Some Shinto scholars hold that all Shinto deities are manifestations of Ame no Minaka-nushi no Kami.
Deity name "Amida" Buddhist / Japanese Primordial deity. The Japanese equivalent of AMITABHA recognized from the eleventh and twelfth centuries AD....
"Amitabha" Buddhist / India A celestial buddha described in the scriptures of the Mahayana school of Buddhism. According to these scriptures, Amitabha possesses infinite merits resulting from good deeds over countless past lives as a bodhisattva named Dharmakara. Buddhist / India
God name "Amithba" Buddhist / India The boddhisattva of 'infinite light'. Amithba represents the primordial, self-existent Buddha. This god was born from a lotus and ceaselessly stretches out aid to the weak and faltering. Amithba became a popular way of salvation for many Buddhists because he was the archetype of compassion, gentle and easygoing.
Goddess name "Ammavaru" Hindu - Dravidian Primordial mother goddess. Known locally from east central India and worshiped by the Dravidian tribe of Telugu. She is said to have generated the cosmic egg in the sea of milk from which the major gods BRAHMA, VIS'NU and SIVA were born....
Goddess name "Ammut (devouress of the dead)" Egypt Chthonic underworld goddess. A significant deity who allegedly consumes the dead if their hearts are found weighed down with guilt in the Judgment Hall of the Two Truths during the Weighing of the Heart ceremony. Ammut has a fearsome aspect and sits alongside forty-two juror gods named in the Book of the Dead. Depicted with the head of a crocodile, the trunk and fore-limbs of a lion and the hind part of a hippopotamus.See also THOTH and MAAT....
"Amphidamas" Greek A son of Lycurgus and Cleophile, and father of Antimache, who married Eurystheus. (Apollodorus iii) According to Pausanias and Apollonius Rhodius (Argonautica) he was a son of Aleus, and consequently a brother of Lycurgus, Cepheus, and Auge, and took part in the expedition of the Argonauts.
Goddess name "Anaitis" Persian / Iran Fertility goddess. Her influence extended through eastern Europe. In pre-Christian Armenia, the center of her cult was at Acilisena where noble families regularly surrendered their daughters to service as cultic prostitutes....
Goddess name "Ancamna" Roman / Celtic / European water goddess. Known only from inscriptions at Trier....
Goddess name "Andarta" Celtic / Gallic A fertility goddess most likely
Goddess name "Andarta" Celtic / Gallic Fertility goddess (probable). Patron goddess of the Vocontii tribe. Her name seems to have derived either from artos (bear) or ar (ploughed land).See also ANDRASTA....
Goddess name "Andrasta" Roman / Celtic / British Goddess of war. The patron goddess of the Iceni tribe. The warrior queen Boudicca is reported to have prayed to her before battle and she was the recipient of human sacrifice. Andrasta does not appear in Celtic Gaul, though a deity called Andraste is mentioned by the...
God name "Andromeda" Greek The daughter of Cepheus and Cassiopeia. Mother thought she and daughter were more beautiful than any of Poseidon's many nymphs, and she taunted the God of the Seas until he just couldn't take it any longer. Poseidon punished the vain mother by chaining her daughter naked to a rock, to be sacrificed to a dreadful sea monster. Greek
God name "Anextiomarus" Roman / British A Celtic epithet of the Sun-god Apollo recorded in a Romano-British inscription from South Shields, England. The form is a variant of Anextlomarus 'Great protector', a Divine style or name attested in a fragmentary Gallo-Roman dedication from Le Mans, France. Anextlomarus is also attested as a Gaulish man's father's name at Langres, and a feminine Divine form, Anextlomara, appears in two other Gallo-Roman dedications from Avenches, Switzerland. Roman / British
God name "Anextiomarus" Roman / Celtic / British Local tribal deity. God of uncertain affinities but linked with APOLLO....
"Anfial" Christian One of the game wardens of the celestial safari park. Christian
Goddess name "Annis" Celtic The black goddess
"Annis . Black Anna, Black Anny, Black Agnes, Cat Anna" Britain / Celtic Annis aka Black Anna, Black Anny, Black Agnes, Cat Anna, Leicester witch with very sharp nails who wore a skirt made from the skins of her human prey. Britain / Celtic
"Annwn" Celtic The British Hades, represented as a sea-girdled, revolving fortress. Celtic
God name "Anpao" Celtic The god of death. Son of Mider and Fuamnach. Celtic
God name "Anubis" Egypt Aka Anpu, Sekhem Em Pet. Messenger from the gods to humans. Pictured with the head of a jackal or dog, or as a dark colored jackal. He, with Maat, weighed human souls for truth and he rules over Wisdom, intelligence, death, embalming, endings, truth, justice, surgery, hospital stays, finding lost things, anesthetics, Medicine, journeys, protection, boats, diplomacy, astral travel, cemeteries. Egypt
God name "Aondo" Africa Creator god who lives in the sky and sends the Sun each morning. Central Nigeria, West Africa
God name "Aondo" Tiv / central Nigeria, West Africa Creator god. An abstract principle who lives in the sky. He sends the Sun each morning, roars with the thunder which heralds his storms and is the creator of the earth....
God name "Apedemak" Sudanese / Meroe war god. An Egyptianized deity, his main sanctuary was contained in a vast religious complex and center of pilgrimage at Musawwarat-es-Sufra, north of the sixth Nile cataract. Sacred animals include cattle and the African elephant. Depicted with the head of a lion and a human body, holding a scepter embellished with a seated lion at the tip....
God name "Arawn" Celtic / Welsh Chthonic underworld god. The leader of the phantom hunt seen chasing a white stag with a pack of red-eared hounds. He equates with GWYNN AP NUDD, a similar deity known in South Wales. His chief underworld opponent is Hafgan and he bribes PWYLL, prince of Dyfed, to challenge Hafgan in exchange for a gift of pigs....
Goddess name "Arduinna" Roman / Celtic Goddess of the Ardennes Forest. Her cult thus originated in the Ardennes, which derived its name from her. She was assimilated to the Roman Diana. Roman / Celtic
Goddess name "Arduinna" Roman / Celtic / European Goddess of Forests and hunting. Known only from inscriptions and figurines in the Ardennes region. Depicted riding on the back of a wild boar and presumed to be a guardian deity of boars. Identified by the Romans with the goddess DIANA....
Goddess name "Ardwinna" British Celtic Goddess of the wildwood. Ardwinna demands a fine of money for every animal killed in her wood British
God name "Ares" Greek The god of war and one of the great Olympian gods of the Greeks. He is represented as the son of Zeus and Hera. A later tradition, according to which Hera conceived Ares by touching a certain flower, appears to be an imitation of the legend about the birth of Hephaestus, and is related by Ovid.
King name "Argades" Greek A son of Ion, a king of Athens between the reigns of Erechtheus and Cecrops
Goddess name "Arianrhod" Celtic / Welsh Chthonic earth goddess. Responsible for initiation of souls in the otherworld in the tower of Caer Sidi. Mentioned in the Mabinogion texts as the possible daughter of Beli, consort of DON and mother of LLEW LLAW GYFFES and Dylan....
Goddess name "Arinna (sun goddess)" Hittite / Hurrian Solar deity. May have taken androgynous form, but also identified as the consort of the weather god TESUB. Probably the head of the Hittite state pantheon. There is little detail because the religious center of Arinna is knownonly from texts. The Sun goddess was also perceived to be a paramount chthonic or earth goddess. She becomes largely syncretized with the Hurrian goddess HEBAT....
"Aristaeus" Greece An ancient divinity worshipped in various parts of Greece, as in Thessaly, Ceos, and Boeotia, but especially in the islands of the Aegean, Ionian, and Adriatic seas, which had once been inhabited by Pelasgians. He is described either as a son of Uranus and Ge, or according to a more general tradition, as the son of Apollo by Cyrene, the grand-daughter of Peneius.
God name "Aristaios" Greek God of herdsmen. The consort of Autonoe. Of ancient origin, worshiped by peasants as a guardian of herds and beekeepers. The cult continued for many centuries at Kyrene [Libya]....
Goddess name "Arito" Celtic A random winged goddess character
Goddess name "Arm (2)" Celtic / Irish Chthonic mother goddess. Closely associated with fertility and the primordial mother of the TUATHA DE DANANN. Twin hills near Killarney in Munster are called “The Paps of Anu.” Also Ana....
Goddess name "Armkis [Greek]" Egypt / Upper Birth goddess. Minor deity with cult centers in lower Nubia and at Elephantine. She is variously the daughter of RE, and of KHNUM and SATIS. Anukis lives in the cataracts of the Lower Nile. Her portrait appears in the Temple of Rameses II at Beit-et-Wali where she suckles the pharaoh, suggesting that she is connected with birth and midwifery, but she also demonstrates a malignant aspect as a strangler (see HATHOR). Her sacred animal is the gazelle. Depicted anthropomorphically wearing a turban (modius) with ostrich feathers. Also Anuket (Egyptian)....
Goddess name "Arnemetia" Roman / Celtic / British water goddess. A deity known only from inscriptions....
God name "Artaius" Celtic God of sheep and cattle herders from Celtic Gaul. Later, the Romans identified him with Mercury.
Goddess name "Artio of Muri" Roman / Celtic / European Fertility goddess and guardian spirit of bears. Known only from inscriptions and sculptures in the Berne region of Switzerland, she is linked with bears. A bronze depicts her offering fruit to a bear. She seems also to be a goddess of prosperity and harvest. She became syncretized with the...
God name "Arvernus" Celtic / Gallic Local tribal deity. God of the Arverni....
God name "Asalluha" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian Minor god. A son of ENKI who apparently acts as a messenger and reporter to his father. Linked with rituals of exorcism. Cult center Ku'ara. In Babylonian times he became largely syncretized with MARDTK....
"Asbolus" Greek A centaur, whom Hesiod ( Shield Of Heracles) calls a Diviner, probably from his skill in observing or prophesying from the flight of birds. Greek
"Ascelpius/ Aesculapius" Greek A moral taught Medicine Chiron the Centaur & could raise the dead
Goddess name "Asnan" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian vegetation goddess. Minor deity probably known to the Sumerians from circa 3500BC or earlier. She is concerned with the abundance of grain in the fields, sent as its protectress by the gods ENLIL and ENKI. According to creation accounts, she and the cattle god LAHAR were first intended to serve the needs of the Annunaki, the celestial children of AN, but when the heavenly creatures were found unable to make use of their products, humankind was created to provide an outlet for their services. Attributes: ears of corn sprouting from her shoulders....
God name "Asopos" Greek / Beotian Local river god. Known only from regions of central Greece as one of the sons of POSEIDON....
God name "Asopus" Greek The god of the river Asopus, was a son of Oceanus and Tethys, or according to others, of Poseidon and Pero, of Zeus and Eurynome, or lastly of Poseidon and Cegluse.
"Asterope" Greek An Oceanid, the daughter of Cebren who married Aesacus. Greek.
Goddess name "As”palis" Western Semitic Hunting goddess. There is scant mention of As”palis from Melite in Phthia and she is probably a local version of ARTEMIS. As in certain Artemis mythology, she hanged herself and her body disappeared....
Goddess name "Atars'amain (morning star of heaven)" Pre - Islamic northern / central Arabian Astral deity of uncertain gender. Worshiped particularly by the Is”amme tribe, but revered widely among other Arabs. Known from circa 800 BC and identified in letters of the Assyrian kings Es”arhaddon and Assurbanipal. May be synonymous with the Arab goddess ALLAT whose cult was centered on Palmyra....
"Auditors of Reality" Discworld Supernatural entities and celestial bureaucrats. They make sure that gravity works, file the appropriate paperwork for each chemical reaction, and so forth. Discworld
Goddess name "Aufaiiae" Celtic / Continental / European Collective name for a group of mother goddesses. Known only from votive inscriptions and largely restricted to the Rhineland....
Goddess name "Aufaniae" Celtic A collective name for a group of Celtic mother goddesses worshipped throughout Celtic Europe. They are known only from symbolical inscriptions and they appear to have been found mainly in the German Rhineland. Celtic
Goddess name "Aveta" Celtic A goddess of female-fertility, childbirth and midwives, also associated with all fresh water. Celtic
Goddess name "Aveta" Roman / Celtic / Gallic Goddess of birth and midwifery. Known mainly from clay figurines found at Toulon-sur-Allier, France. The models show the goddess with infants at the breast and apparently she is concerned especially with nursing mothers. The figure is often accompanied by a small lapdog....
Goddess name "Aya" Mesopotamian / Babylonian Akkadian Mother goddess. Derived from the Sumerian model of S ERIDA. Consort of the Sun god S AMAS whose marriage was celebrated at New Year in Babylon....
Spirit name "Ayi'-Uru'n Toyo'n (lord bright creator)" Yakut / central Siberia Creator spirit. See also URU'N AJY TOYO'N....
God name "Ayiyanayaka" Ceylon God of fields and woodland who protects against plague. Northern part of the island of Ceylon.
God name "Ayyapan" Hindu The Celibate God of Kerala. Hindu
Nymph name "Azan" Greece A son of Ares and the nymph Erato, was the brother of Apheidas and Elatus, and father of Cleitor. The part of Arcadia which he received from his father was called, after him, Azania. After his death, funeral games, which were believed to have been the first in Greece, were celebrated in his honour.
Goddess name "BAAL (lord)" Western Semitic / Canaanite / northern Israel, Lebanon / later Egypt vegetation deity and national god. Baal may have originated in pre-agricultural times as god of storms and Rain. He is the son of DAGAN and in turn is the father of seven storm gods, the Baalim of the Vetus Testamentum, and seven midwife goddesses, the SASURATUM. He is considered to have been worshiped from at least the nineteenth century BC. Later he became a vegetation god concerned with fertility of the land. From the mid-sixteenth century BC in the Egyptian New kingdom, Baal enjoyed a significant cult following, but the legend of his demise and restoration was never equated with that of OSIRIS. In the Greco-Roman period, Baal became assimilated in the Palestine region with ZEUS and JUPITER, but as a Punic deity [Carthage] he was allied with SATURNUS, the god of seed-sowing....
God name "BELENUS" Celtic, European, Irish Pastoral deity concerned with light, solar worship and healing. Considered to be one of the oldest of the Celtic gods thus far recognized. Celebrated long into the Christian era in the festival of Beltine or Cetsbamain, set on May 1, the start of the “warm season.” The rites involved lighting huge bonfires and driving cattle between them as a protection against disease. It marked the season when cattle were liberated after Winter to graze the open pastures....
Goddess name "BRIGIT (exalted one)" Celtic / Continental / European / Irish Fertility goddess. A major Celtic pastoral deity, described as a “wise woman, the daughter of the DAGDA,” Brigit became “Christianized” as St. Brigit of Kildare, who lived from AD 450-523 and founded the first female Christian community in Ireland. She was originally celebrated on February 1 in the festival of Imbolc....
God name "BUDDHA" Buddhist / India The founder of Buddhism. The deity is regarded as having been an historical figure, born at Kapilavastu near Gorakhpur. He died at Kusinagara in circa 486 BC. His father was SUDDHODANA of the Sakya clan, his mother was MAYA and his wife YASODHARA. Buddha is, in certain respects, the equal of the Hindu god VIS NU. H...
Deities name "Baa! Samin (lord of heaven)" Western Semitic / Phoenician Head of the pantheon. Probably originated in Canaanite culture as a god of Rain and vegetation, but became extensively revered in places as far apart as Cyprus and Carthage. Epithets include “bearer of thunder.” Baal Samin is first mentioned in a fourteenth century BC treaty between the Hittite king Suppiluliuma and Nigmadu II of Ugarit. He had a major sanctuary at Byblos, according to inscription, “built by Yehemilk.” Josephus confirms that his cult existed at the time of Solomon. At Karatepe his name appears at the head of a list of national deities and on Seleucid coinage he is depicted wearing a half-moon crown and carrying a radiate Sun disc. Other epithets include “lord of eternity” and he may also have been god of storms at sea, a patron deity of mariners. By Hellenic times he equated with ZEUS in the Greek pantheon and the Romans identified him as Caelus (sky). Also Baal-Samem....
God name "Babi" Egypt Malevolent god. Known from as early as the Old kingdom (circa 2700 BC). Babi is seen as a violent and hostile deity whose presence can be highly dangerous during the ceremony of the Weighing of the Heart in the Hall of the Two Truths (see also AMMUT). Conversely he can also act in a protective capacity. Closely associated with sexual virility in the underworld, Babi is ithyphallic. A god active in the darkness, his penis serves variously as the mast on the underworld ferry boat, and the bolt on heaven's doors. Depicted as an ithyphallic male baboon....
Goddess name "Badb" Celtic / Irish war goddess. One of the aspects of the MORRIGAN. Capable of changing shape at will. She confronts the Irish hero Cu Chulainn before a battle and terrifies him by turning into Badb Catha, the crow and harbinger of death....
Supreme god name "Bagisht" Kafir / Afghanistan God of flood waters and prosperity. The son of the supreme goddess DISANI, conceived when she was raped from behind by an obscure demonic entity in the shape of a ram who violated her while she was milking cows by a lakeside. Bagisht is said to have been born in the current of the Prasun river whereupon the turbulent waters became smooth-flowing and parted to allow the infant to reach the bank. There seem to have been no elaborate sanctuaries but rather an abundance of simple shrines always placed close to water. The god was celebrated at the main festivals of the Kafir agricultural year and received sacrificial portions of meat. Also Opkulu....
"Balberith" Christian Ex-prince of the Order of Cherubim, now in Hell, Grand Pontiff and Master of Ceremonies, usually the one to countersign or notarize the signatures on any pact entered into between mortals and the devil, and so referred to a 'Scriptor of Hell.' Christian
Goddess name "Banbha" Celtic Goddess of Sovereignty, war and fertility. Celtic
Spirit name "Banshee" Ireland Grey Lady of death who haunts certain Irish families. A female spirit in Gaelic folklore believed to presage, by wailing, a death in a family. Ireland
"Bap or Baphomet" French An imaginary idol or symbol, which the Templars were said to employ in their mysterious rites. The word is a corruption of Mahomet. The image of Baphomet was romanticized during the nineteenth century by the German antiquarian Josef von Hammer-Purgstall.
Goddess name "Bariba" Celtic / Irish Fertility goddess. One of the aspects of the MORRIGAN. A name of the “Sovereignty of Ireland” to whom the king was married in symbolic ceremony. Also a goddess of war capable of changing shape from girl to hag, and into birds and animals.See also BADB, ERIU, Fodla, Medb and MAEVE....
Goddess name "Bariebdjedet" Egypt / Lower Ram god. Possibly concerned with arbitration, his consort is the fish goddess HATMEHYT. He is the father of HARPOKRATES. According to tradition (Chester Beatty I papyrus) he was called upon to intercede in the contest for the Egyptian kingdoms between HORUS and SETH. He is placed in some accounts in Upper Egypt on the island of Seheil at the first Nile cataract, but his cult is centered on Mendes in the Delta region of Lower Egypt [Tell et-Ruba] and is closely linked with the mother of Rameses III. He is generally depicted in anthropomorphic form, but with the head of a ram....
God name "Bariga" Ngbandi / northern Democratic Republic of Congo / Central African Republic God of clear waters. One of seven gods invoked at daybreak, the creator deity of white-skinned people....
Goddess name "Bat" Egypt / Upper cow goddess of fertility. She was probably well known in the Old kingdom (circa 2700 BC onward). Associated principally with Upper Egypt, for a while she may have rivaled Hathor in Lower Egypt but by the time of the New kingdom (sixteenth century BC) her influence had waned. She may be represented on the Narmer Palette (Cairo Museum) which com memorates the unification of the two kingdoms. Bat is only rarely found in large sculptures and paintings, but is often the subject of Egyptian period jewelry, including amulets and ritual sistrum rattles. Depicted as a cow or anthropo morphically with bovine ears and horns. Also Bata....
Goddess name "Bean Sidhe" Celtic A Banshee an goddess of death.Celtic
God name "Bel" ” Mesopotamian / Babylonian - Akkadian Generic title meaning “lord. The Babylonian god MARDUK was often addressed as Bel, and the name occurs in the Vetus Testamentum. The New Year festival of akitu in Babylon included a ceremony of “leading Bel by the hand.” The name also appears at Palmyra as the tutelary creator god whose attributes include lightning and an eagle....
Deity name "Belatu-Cadros aka Belatucadros" Britain Belatucadrus, "fair shining one" or "fair slayer", a deity worshipped in northern Britain, particularly in Cumberland and Westmorland. He may be related to Belenus and Cernunnos, equated with Mars.
God name "Belatucadros" Celtic / British war god. According to some authors he is the horned god of the north equating to CERNUNNOS. The Romans syncretized him with the god MARS....
God name "Belenus" Celtic God charged with the welfare of sheep and cattle, he also was God of the Sun and healer in some regions and associated with Beltane Pan-Celtic
Goddess name "Bellona" Roman Mother goddess and goddess of war. She becomes syncretized with the Cappadocian mother goddess MA. The first known temple dedicated to Ma-Bellona by the Romans is dated to 296 BC. Bellona was attended by Asiatic priests who performed frenzied dances and gashed themselves with swords, offering the blood on the goddess's altars. Because of its violent nature, Rome refused officially to recognize the cult until the third century AD....
Hero name "Bensozia" Greek chief deviless of a certain Sabbatic meeting held in France in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries. The Diana of the Ancient Gauls, and was also called Nocticula, Herodias, and "The moon."
God name "Benu" Egypt / Upper Transmuted bird-like form of a Sun god. A deity mentioned in Pyramid Texts (circa twenty-fifth century BC) and linked with the Sun god of Heliopolis, ATUM. He is also said to have been self-created from the primeval ocean and is sometimes a symbol of rebirth in the afterlife. Benu may have augmented the Greek classical tradition of the Phoenix. He appears in the Old kingdom as a yellow wagtail but later becomes a heron, wearing the conical white crown of Upper Egypt with two slender feathers pointing backwards from its crest....
God name "Bethel" Western Semitic / Phoenician Local tutelary god. Probably of Aramaean or Syrian origin. First mentioned in a fourteenth century treaty between the Hittite king Suppiluliuma and Nigmadu II of Ugarit [Ras Samra]. He appears more regularly on inscriptions from the end of the seventh century BC and enjoyed considerable popularity during the neo-Babylonian period. Bethel is mentioned in the Biblical text of Jeremiah 48.13, implying that some Israelites acknowledged this deity. There is no evidence of links with the historical place names, including that mentioned in Genesis 38.13....
Spirit name "Bhagavan (the lord)" Northern / central Indian Tutelary god. Worshiped by the Bhils and other tribes as the original creator spirit and a judge of the dead soul. Also an epithet of VISNU and KRSNA. Also Bhagwan....
God name "Bhagavan India" N Cent A tutelary god
Goddess name "Bharat Mata (Mother India)" Modern Hindu Mother goddess. Evolved from the writings of the nineteenth century Bengali, Bankim Chandra Chatterjee. Shrines are designed in the form of a map of India....
"Biasd na Srogaig" Celtic A mythical animal that had one horn on its forehead and dwelt in lochs. Celtic. Isle of skye
Goddess name "Bidhgoe" Celtic Female of Illusion, Goddess of love and of sexuality Celtic
"Biersel" German A Kobold who lives in the cellar, drinks beer and cleans the jugs and bottles. German Torgau District
God name "Bile" Celtic God of Hell. Celtic
Goddess name "Boann (she of the white cows)" Celtic / Irish River goddess. The local goddess of the river Boyne. She is one of the consorts of the DAGDA, alternatively of a minor local deity Elcmar, cuckolded by the Dagda who sent him away on an errand for nine months. The mother of Angus mac Og.See also AENGUS....
Goddess name "Bodua" Celtic Goddess of war Celtic
"Bogan aka Bauchan" Celtic A type of Hobgoblin. Celtic
God name "Boibhniu" Celtic Blacksmith god Celtic
God name "Bormanus" Briton God of hot springs Celtic / Briton
God name "Borvo" Roman / Celtic / Gallic God of healing. Identified with several therapeutic springs and mineral baths....
God name "Branab Llyr" Celtic He is a god of the dead & can restore him is to life
King name "Breasal" Welsh / Cornwall A legendary High king of Ireland of the 2nd or 3rd century BCE. Welsh / cornwall
God name "Brenos" Celtic God of war. Celtic
God name "Bres Macelatha" Celtic / Irish vegetation god. The son of ERIU and of the Fomorian king Elatha. He is therefore part TUATHA DE DANAAN by parentage but, having become Lord of Ireland, he sides with the Fomorians in the Battle of Moytura and is defeated. Concerned with the supply of food from the land....
Goddess name "Brigantia" Celtic Goddess of the seasons, doctors smiths, poets, and women in childbirth Pan-Celtic
Goddess name "Brigantia" Roman / Celtic / British Tutelary goddess. The goddess of the Brigantes in the West Riding of Yorkshire. She became identified with CAELESTIS. At Corbridge, Northumberland, there is an altar inscribed to various deities, including Caelestis Brigantia. In a carved stone relief at Birrens, on the Antonine Wall in Scotland, she is depicted with the attributes of MINERVA. She may also bear links with the goddess BRIGIT. She is frequently associated with water and herding....
Goddess name "Brigantis" Celtic Goddess of the moon Celtic
Goddess name "Brighid" Celtic A goddess of education, healing, sore eyes
Goddess name "Brighid" Celtic Goddess of education, healing, sore eyes Celtic
Goddess name "Brigit aka Brigid" Ireland Brighit, Bridget ("exalted one") was the daughter of Dagda and wife of Bres of the Fomorians. She had two sisters, also named Brighid, and is considered a classic Celtic Triple Goddess. Ireland
Goddess name "Britannia" Roman / Celtic / British Tutelary goddess. The genia loci of Britain who first appears on the coinage of Antoninus Pius in the second century AD. She became the symbol of the British Empire after being partly syncretized with the Roman war goddess MINERVA....
God name "Bugid Y Aiba" Puerto Rico / Haiti God of war. Classed as one of the ZEMIS. The local Indians have believed that the deity can give them strength. When they smoke in a ritual ceremony in honor of the god, their arms increase in size. He will also restore failed eyesight....
Demon name "Bune" Unk A demon of death and Grand Duke of the infernal regions. He removes corpses, haunts cemeteries, and marshals the demons around the places of the dead. He has been depicted as a three-headed dragon, the heads being respectively those of a dog, griffin and man. Unk
God name "Buriyas" Kassite / Iran Tutelary war god. He was invoked by the Kassite armies which overthrew Babylonia in the sixteenth century BC....
God name "Bussumarus" Celtic God of storm and mist and fog and lightning and thunder. Celtic
"Butes" Greek Son of Boreas, a Thracian, was hostile towards his step-brother Lycurgus, and therefore compelled by his father to emigrate. He accordingly went with a band of colonists to the island of Strongyle, afterwards called Naxos. But as he and his companions had no women, they made predatory excursions, and also came to Thessaly, where they carried off the women who were just celebrating a festival of Dionysus. Butes himself took Coronis; but she invoked Dionysus, who struck Butes with madness, so that he threw himself into a well. Greek
"Buto" Egypt An Egyptian divinity, whom the Greeks identified with their Leto, and who was worshipped principally in the town of Buto, which derived its name from her. Festivals were celebrated there in her honour, and there she had also an oracle which was in high esteem among the Egyptians. Egypt
"Byzas" Greek A son of Poseidon and Ceroessa, the daughter of Zeus and Io. He was believed to be the founder of Byzantium. Greek
Goddess name "CERES" Roman Mother goddess. Mother goddess. Ceres is arguably the most recent model of the “great mother” whose predecessors include INANA, IS TAR, ARTEMIS, KYBELE and Demeter on whom she is directly modeled. She is the daughter of KRONOS (Cronus) and RHEA and one of the more important consorts of JUPITER. Ceres was worshiped through the festivals of Thesmophoria and Cerealia in sanctuaries throughout the Greco-Roman empires....
Spirit name "CERNUNNOS" Celtic, Gallic Fertility and chthonic god. Cernunnos appears to have been recognized in the region of Gaul which is now central France. He is typically drawn as a man bearing the antlers of a stag, not necessarily representing an animal spirit but a deity closely involved with animals and one which can transform instantly into animal shape. In the Celtic world, horns and antlers were generally regarded as symbols of virility and fertility....
Goddess name "COVENTINA" Roman / Celtic / British Tutelary and water goddess of uncertain affinities. Little is known of Coventina other than that she was a purely local British goddess of some importance. She is best observed from the period of the Roman occupation, at which time she shows a classical influence but is clearly Celtic in origin....
Goddess name "Caelestis" Carthaginian / North Africa moon goddess. The Romanized form of the Punic goddess TANIT. Elsewhere she became syncretized into the cult of APHRODITE-VENUS. Annual games were held in her honor. She was brought to Rome in the form of an abstract block of stone (like that of KYBELE from Pessinus) and became popular there during the early part of the third century AD; in this guise she was known as the “mighty protectress of the Tarpeian hill.”...
Goddess name "Cailleach Bheur" Celtic / Scottish Goddess of Winter. Depicted as a blue-faced hag who is reborn on October 31 (Samhain). She brings the snow until the goddess BRIGIT deposes her and she eventually turns to stone on April 30 (Beltine). In later times the mythical, witch-like figure of “Black Annis” probably derived from her....
Nymph name "Callisto" Greek Is sometimes called a daughter of Lycaon in Arcadia and sometimes of Nycteus or Ceteus, and sometimes also she is described as a nymph. (Apollodorus iii) She was a huntress, and a companion of Artemis. Greek
God name "Camulos" Celtic / British war god. Probably the deity from which the name of Camulodunum [Colchester, England] derives. Known from inscriptions and coinage bearing the symbol of a boar....
King name "Capricorn" Roman the centaur archer. Capricornus is the tenth, or, strictly speaking, the eleventh sign of the zodiac. (Dec. 21-Jan. 20.) According to classic mythology, Capricorn was Pan, who, from fear of the great Typhon, changed himself into a goat, and was made by Jupiter one of the signs of the zodiac. Roman
"Carne" Celtic A magic swan from the Lohengrin myth. Celtic
Goddess name "Carravogue" British / Ireland Local Crone Goddess from County Meath who was transformed into a huge snake for eating forbidden berries. Her original purpose is basically lost in modern times because her stories became so absorbed by Christian legends which attempt to make her a Celtic Eve. British / Ireland
Goddess name "Cathubodua" Celtic / Continental / European war goddess. Known only from inscriptions and probably comparable with the Irish Celtic Badb Catha.See also MORRIGAN....
Deities name "Ce Acati" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Minor creator god. One of the deities collectively classed as the QUETZALCOATL complex. Also (1) Acatl....
"Ce Actal" Aztec An avatar of Mixcaotl, he represents the warrior's savagery in battle. Aztec
Goddess name "Ceacht" Ireland Goddess of Medicine Ireland
Goddess name "Cebhfhionn" Ireland Goddess of inspiration who was usually found next to the legendary Well of Knowledge from which she filled an endless vessel. Ireland
God name "Cebren" Greek A Greek river-god (an Oceanid), whose river was located near Troy. He was the son of Oceanus and Tethys and he was the father of Asterope, Hesperia, who are sometimes considered to be each other, and Oenone. The city Cebrene (also spelled Kebrene or Kevrin) was named for Cebren. Greek
King name "Cecrops" Greek According to Apollodorus the first king of Attica, which derived from him its name Cecropia, having previously borne the name of Acte. He is described as an autochthon, the upper part of whose body was human, while the lower was that of a dragon. Hence he is gemimis. Greek
Goddess name "Ceiuci" Brazil Star goddess who created all animals. Brazil
"Celaeno" Greek A Pleiad, daughter of Atlas and Pleione, and by Poseidon the mother of Lycus and Eurypylus, or, according to others, of Lycus and Chimaereus by Prometheus. Greek
Goddess name "Celedones" Greek The soothing goddesses were believed to be endowed, like the Sirens, with a magic power of song. Hephaestus was said to have made their golden images on the ceiling of the temple at Delphi. Greek
"Celeno" Greek wife of Hyxobios.
King name "Celeus" Greek A king of Eleusis, and husband of Metaneira. When Demeter, on her wanderings in search of her daughter, came to Eleusis, she stayed in the house of Celeus. Greek
Goddess name "Cels" Etruscan earth Goddess, who makes the grain grow tall. Etruscan
Goddess name "Cenaaianiyammai (lady of the red paddyfield)" Hindu - Dravidian / Tamil Local goddess. Guardian of paddyfields in southern India....
Goddess name "Cenkalaniyammal" Hindu Local goddess who guards the maize fields Hindu.