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Ancient Greek Gods

Ancient Greek Gods

This is where you can find out more about culture of ancient Greece, about gods ancient Greeks believed in, about powers those gods were managed and about origin of each god. There were times when there was no The One God and people believed in a number of gods they have created themselves. Each god has his peculiar abilities and powers and each god managed one or another power of nature. Existence of goods is typical for every nation at those times when paganism was typical for every single culture.

Ancient Greeks were not an exception from the rule. There was a number of gods and ancient Greeks passionately believed in those gods. There were temples built in honor of each of gods and there were ceremonies of donating for those gods. The donating was performed in order to please a god and make it kinder towards people. Donating was also a way to ask something from god, something like protection, blessing, help or else. There were gods of winds, gods of water, and gods of fecundity and so on and so forth.

In case if people had some problems they went to a temple and performed their donating for god in order to receive his kindness and help. It was common that people recognized troubles in their lives like wrath of gods. In that case they also made their donating asking a god for forgiveness and protection. Fancy that there were biography created for each god people believed in. they were not just some supernatural powers, they were like people – with their own characters and fortunes.

It is rather interesting to find out more about it as it is a great period of history. In those myths about gods and heroes the mood of century is reflected. Each god is an embodiment of some features and powers. So, people provided each god with some abilities that were peculiar only for that god. They also provided every god with peculiar position in their hierarchy. The entire life and being of ancient people were developed around those gods and their actions. So, there is no way for us to forget about it as it is a significant period of our history, history of humanity.

List of Gods   : "Greek Gods"

NameOriginDescription
God name "Aeacoc" Greek / Roman A chthonic underworld god & 1 of the 3 gods of Hades
God name "Agnostos Theos" Greek Unknown gods who were always worshipped as a group Greek
God name "Aigipan" Greek One of the rustic gods known as Panes, son of Aix and Zeus and a companion of Pan, with whom he is sometimes identified, and Dionysus.
Goddess name "Alkonost" Greek The bird of Paradise in Slavic mythology. It has the body of a bird with the face of a woman. The name Alkonost came from the name of Greek demi-goddess Alcyone transformed by gods into a kingfisher.
God name "Aloadae/ Aloidae" Greek they were 54 ft. tall and warred with the gods, they lost
God name "Ambrosia" Greek In ancient mythology, Ambrosia is sometimes the food, sometimes the drink, of the gods. The word has generally been derived from Greek a- ("not") and mbrotos ("mortal"); hence the food or drink of the immortals. Thetis anointed the infant Achilles with ambrosia and passed the child through the fire to make him immortal - a familiar Phoenician custom - but Peleus, appalled, stopped her.
God name "Apollo" Greek God of hunting and healing. One of the great divinities of the Greeks, was, according to Homer, the son of Zeus and Leto. Hesiod (Theogony of Hesiod 918) states the same, and adds, that Apollo's sister was Artemis. Neither of the two poets suggests anything in regard to the birth-place of the god, unless we take "born in Lycia," which, however, according to others, would only mean "born of or in light." Apollo is one of the few Greek gods who did not sleep with Aphrodite
Goddess name "Ares" Greek God of storms and war. Ares is a lesser known member of the Olympic pantheon of great gods, the son of ZEUS and HERA, who allegedly lived in Thrace. As a warrior god he is contrasted with the more prominent and successful goddess ATHENA who fought and vanquished him in a war between the gods. Although Athena stands for victory in battle through glory and honor, Ares epitomizes the evil and more brutal aspects of warfare. In the eyes of Zeus he is “the most hateful of gods.”
God name "Ares" Greek The god of war and one of the great Olympian gods of the Greeks. He is represented as the son of Zeus and Hera. A later tradition, according to which Hera conceived Ares by touching a certain flower, appears to be an imitation of the legend about the birth of Hephaestus, and is related by Ovid.
God name "Ate" Greek According to Hesiod (Theogony), a daughter of Eris, and, according to Homer, of Zeus, was an ancient Greek divinity, who led both gods and men to rash and inconsiderate actions and to suffering.
God name "Baetylus" Greek The name of a peculiar kind of conical shaped stones, which were erected as symbols of gods in remarkable places, and were from time to time anointed with oil, wine, or blood. Greek
God name "Bel" Babylonian Signifying "lord" or "master", is a title rather than a genuine name, applied to various gods in Babylonian religion. The feminine form is Belit 'Lady, Mistress'. Bel is represented in Greek and Latin by Belos and Belus respectively. Linguistically Bel is an East Semitic form cognate with Northwest Semitic Ba‘al with the same meaning.
God name "Briareos" Greek A giant with fifty heads and a hundred hands. Homer says the gods called him Briareos
Deities name "Cacodaemons" Greek Minor deities, one of whom it was believed was attached to each mortal from his birth as a constant companion and acting as a sort of messenger between the gods and men.
God name "Chaos" Greek The vacant and infinite space which existed according to the ancient cosmogonies previous to the creation of the world (Theogony 116), and out of which the gods, men, and all things arose. Greek
God name "Crionis" Greek One of the many river gods
Goddess name "Demi-Gods" Greek The "half-gods", is used to describe mythological figures or heroes such as Hercules, Achilles, Castor and Pollux, etc. Sons of mortals and gods or goddesses, they raised themselves to the standard of gods by their acts of bravery.
Goddess name "Dike" Greek Goddess of justice. The daughter of ZEUS. Depicted as a maiden whom men violently abuse in the streets but who is honored by the gods and who reports to her father on the misdeeds of mankind, causing Divine retribution. She is depicted on the Kypselos chest as an attractive woman strangling an ugly goddess of injustice, ADIKIA....
God name "Dioskouroi" Greek Twin gods see Castor & Pollux
God name "Dioskouroi" Greek Twin gods. See also POLYDETKES....
God name "Encelados" Greek The most powerful of the giants that conspired against Zeus. The king of gods and men cast him down, and threw Mount Etna over him. The poets say that the flames of this volcano arise from the breath of this giant. The battle-field of his contest was Phlegra, in Macedonia. Greek
God name "Enceladus" Greek A son of Tartarus and Ge, and one of the hundred-armed giants who made war upon the gods. He was killed, according to some, by Zeus, by a flash of lightning, and buried under mount Aetna and according to others, he was killed by the chariot of Athena, or by the spear of Seilenus. Greek
God name "Ephialtes" Greek One of the giants, who in the war against the gods was deprived of his left eye by Apollo, and of the right by Heracles. Greek
Spirit name "Epimetheus" Greek / Roman Minor creator god. One of the four sons of IAPETOS and Klymene (Titan), and the brother of PROMETHEUS. Jointly responsible for the creation of mankind. Epimetheus' strongest claim to fame lies in his liaison with the first mortal woman, Pandora, whom the gods had cautioned him to avoid. Her curiosity caused her to open the box belonging to JUPITER in which he had placed all the vices, diseases and sufferings of humanity, but which also included the benevolent spirit of hope....
God name "Eurydice" Greek The most famous was a woman-or a nymph-who was the wife of Orpheus. While fleeing from Aristaeus, she was bitten by a serpent and died. Distraught, Orpheus played such sad songs and sang so mournfully that all the nymphs and gods wept and gave him advice. Orpheus accomplished something no other person ever has: he traveled to the underworld and by his music softened the heart of Hades and Persephone, who allowed Eurydice to return with him to the world of the living. Greek
God name "Eurytos" Greek One of the giants that made war with the gods. Bacchus killed him with his thyrsus. Greek
God name "Fates" Greek Properly signifies "a share," and as a personification "the deity who assigns to every man his fate or his share," or the Fates. Homer usually speaks of only one Moira, and only once mentions the Motpai in the plural. In his poems Moira is fate personified, which, at the birth of man, spins out the thread of his future life, follows his steps, and directs the consequences of his actions according to the counsel of the gods. Homer thus, when he personifies Fate, conceives her as spinning, an act by which also the power of other gods over the life of man is expressed. Greek
God name "Ganymede" Greek A mortal boy that was given immortality & the job of cup bearer to the gods
God name "Ganymedes" Greek According to Homer and others, he was a son of Tros by Calirrhoe, and a brother of Ilus and Assaracus. Being the most beautiful of all mortals, he was carried off by the gods that he might fill the cup of Zeus, and live among the eternal gods. Greek
God name "Gigantes" Greek According to Homer, they were a gigantic and savage race of men, governed by Eurymedon, and dwelling in the distant west, in the island of Thrinacia; but they were extirpated by Eurymedon on account of their insolence towards the gods. Greek
God name "Hades/ Pluto" Greek A god of death & one of the Olympian gods
God name "Harmonia" Greek A daughter of Ares and Aphrodite, or, according to others, of Zeus and Electra, the daughter of Atlas, in Samothrace. When Athena assigned to Cadmus the government of Thebes, Zeus gave him Harmoia for his wife, and all the gods of Olympus were present at the marriage. Cadmus on that day made her a present of a peplus and a necklace, which he had received either from Hephaestus or from Europa. Greek
God name "Hebe" Greek The personification of youth, is described as a daughter of Zeus and Hera ( Apollodorus i), and is, according to the Iliad IV, the minister of the gods, who fills their cups with nectar; she assists Hera in putting the horses to her chariot and she bathes and dresses her brother Ares. She was married to Heracles after his apotheosis. Greek
Goddess name "Hebe" Greek Goddess of youth. The daughter of ZEUS and HERA and the consort of HERAKLES. The cup-bearer of the gods of Olympus. In the Roman pantheon she becomes JUVENTAS....
God name "Hermes" Greek A son of Zeus and Maia, the daughter of Atlas, was born in a cave of Mount Cyllene or in Olympus. In the first hours after his birth, he escaped from his cradle, went to Pieiria, and carried off some of the oxen of Apollo. The herald and messenger of the gods, of his travelling from place to place and the concluder of treaties and the promoter of social intercourse and of commerce among men. Regarded as the maintainer of peace, and as the god of roads, who protected travellers, and punished those who refused to assist travellers who had mistaken their way. Greek
Goddess name "Hestia" Greek The goddess of the hearth, or rather the fire burning on the hearth, was regarded as one of the twelve great gods, and accordingly as a daughter of Cronus and Rhea. Greek
God name "Himerus or Phanes" Greek A mystic divinity in the system of the Orphics, is also called Eros, Ericapaeus, Himerus Metis, and Protogonus. He is said to have sprung from the mystic mundane egg, and to have been the father of all gods, and the creator of men. Phanes means "Manifestor" or "Revealer," and is related to the Greek words "light" and "to shine forth." Greek
God name "Hippolytos" Greek One of the giants who made war with the gods. He was killed by Hermes. Greek
Goddess name "Hyperopia" Discworld The Goddess of Shoes. She has a small following that gathers in the Temple of Small Gods and worships the Sacred Lace of Hyperopia. Named after the technical term for long-sightedness, and it is possible that she is inspired by the Greek goddess Nike, and the shoes named after her. Discworld
God name "Iapetos" Greek God. One of the sons of OURANOS (heaven) and a member of the TITAN race which clashed with the Olympian gods. He is the father of the heroes Atlas and PROMETHEUS....
God name "Intonsus" Greek I. e. unshorn, a surname of Apollo and Bacchus, alluding to the eternal youth of these gods, as the Greek youths allowed their hair to grow until they attained the age of manhood, though in the case of Apollo it may also allude to his being the god of the Sun, whence the long floating hair would indicate the rays of the Sun. Greek
Goddess name "Iris" Greek / Roman Goddess of the Rainbow, or the Rainbow itself. In classic mythology she is called the messenger of the gods when they intended discord, and the Rainbow is the bridge or road let down from heaven for her accommodation. When the gods meant peace they sent Mercury. Greek / Roman
Deities name "Kabeiroi" Greek Blacksmith gods. According to tradition the sons or grandsons of the blacksmith god HEPHAISTOS. The cult was centered particularly on Lemnos, where there was an Etruscan tradition until circa 500 BC, and at Thebes. The Kabeiroi are thought to derive from pre-Greek Asian fertility deities in Anatolia [Turkey]....
Deities name "Kabiri" Greek deities and very mysterious gods with the ancient nations, including the Israelites, and were held in the highest veneration at Thebes, Lemnos, Phrygia, Macedonia, and at Samothrace.
God name "Kemos" Moabite / Jordan Tutelary god. Mentioned under the name of Chemosh in the Vetus Testamentum kings, as being one of the gods worshiped by the Israelite king Solomon. Eventually adopted by the Greeks and absorbed into the cult of ARES....
God name "Laodameia" Greek A daughter of Acastus, and wife of Protesilaus. As the latter, shortly after his marriage, joined the Greeks in their expedition against Troy, and was the first that was killed there, Laodameia sued for the favour of the gods to be allowed to converse with him only for three hours. The request was granted: Hermes led Protesilaus back to the upper world, and when Protesilaus died a second time, Laodameia died with him. Greek
Goddess name "Latona" Greek The Roman name of the Greek goddess Leto. One of the Titans - the first generation of Greek gods, she was the daughter of the Titan Coeus and Phoebe and mother to the twin gods, Apollo and Artemis, whose father was Zeus. Greek
God name "Luna" Greek The moon. The Sun and the moon were worshipped both by Greeks and Romans, and among the latter the worship of Luna is said to have been introduced by the Sabine T. Tatius, in the time of Romulus. But, however this may be, it is certain, notwithstanding the assertion of Varro, that Sol and Luna were reckoned among the great gods, that their worship never occupied any prominent place in the religion of the Romans, for the two divinities had between them only a small chapel in the Via Sacra. Greek
God name "Lycurgus" Greek A son of Dryas, and king of the Edones in Thrace. He is famous for his persecution of Dionysus and his worship on the sacred mountain of Nyseion in Thrace. The god himself leaped into the sea, where he was kindly received by Thetis. Zeus thereupon blinded the impious king, who died soon after, for he was hated by the immortal gods. Greek
Goddess name "Meter" The essence of the great mother of all gods, equating most closely to GAIA Mother goddess, Greek. Known throughout the Greek Empire and generally the object of devotion by individuals rather than large cult followings. Also known as Meter oriae (mother of the mountain). Her popularity is thought to have spread from northern Ionia. Herodotus mentions a festival of Meter in Kyzikos. Probably derived originally from the western Asiatic great mother (see KYBELE)....
God name "Moira/ Moirai/ Moerae/ Mories/ Fates" Greek They are supreme even over the gods of Olympus
God name "Moirai" Greek Properly signifies "a share," and as a personification "the deity who assigns to every man his fate or his share," or the Fates. Homer usually speaks of only one Moira, and only once mentions the Motpai in the plural. In his poems Moira is fate personified, which, at the birth of man, spins out the thread of his future life, follows his steps, and directs the consequences of his actions according to the counsel of the gods. Homer thus, when he personifies Fate, conceives her as spinning, an act by which also the power of other gods over the life of man is expressed. Greek
God name "Myrrah" Greek A daughter of Cinyras and, mother of Adonis. Aphrodite inspired Myrrha with lust to commit incest with her father, Theias. Myrrha's nurse helped with the scheme. When Theias discovered this, he flew into a rage, chasing his daughter with a knife. The gods turned her into a myrrh tree and Adonis eventually sprung from this tree. Greek
God name "Napaeae" Greek nymphae, the name of a numerous class of inferior female divinities, though they are designated by the title of Olympian, are called to the meetings of the gods in Olympus, and described as the daughters of Zeus. Greek
God name "Narkissos" Greek Minor god. The son of the river god Kephissos, he wasted away after falling in love with his own image reflected in water. The gods took pity on him and changed him into the flower of the same name. In Roman religion he becomes Narcissus....
God name "Nomos" Greek A personification of law, described as the ruler of gods and men. Greek
God name "Nymphae" Greek The name of a numerous class of inferior female divinities, though they are designated by the title of Olympian, are called to the meetings of the gods in Olympus, and described as the daughters of Zeus. But they were believed to dwell on earth in groves, on the summits of mountains, in rivers, streams, glens, and grottoes. Greek
God name "Nyx" Greek Nox or night personified. Homer calls her the subduer of gods and men, and relates that Zeus himself stood in awe of her. Greek
Goddess name "Okeanides" Greek / Roman Minor sea goddesses There were assigned to guard ship motions by the larger gods & invoked by seafarers, others say that they are river gods
God name "Okeanos" Greek God of the oceans. A deity who remained at his post when most of the other gods were summoned to Olympus by ZEUS. His consort is TETHYS and he fathered children who included the OKEANIDES, mainly river gods, and a large number of daughters headed by STYX, and including DORIS, METIS, and TYCHE....
God name "Paean" Greek The physician of the celestial gods; the deliverer from any evil or calamity. Greek
God name "Palici" Greek Twin gods, originating in Sicily. They were sometimes said to have been the sons of Zeus by Thaleia the daughter of Hephaestus, sometimes the sons of Zeus by Aetna. While she was pregnant with the twins, Thaleia, fearing Hera's jealousy hid in the earth and when the time came the twin boys emerged from the ground, which explains their name 'the Returners'. Greek
Deities name "Penates" Roman Hearth deities. These gods are a peculiarly Roman innovation, unknown to the Greeks. The penates, chosen individually by the head of the household, oversaw the domestic affairs of most Roman families. They were considered sufficiently important that, if a move was anticipated, they were taken to and established in the new residence a priori. They are represented in the form of small statues made of anything from clay to gold according to the wealth of the owner, and were provided with regular offerings of scraps of food....
God name "Phanes" Greek A mystic divinity in the system of the Orphics, is also called Eros, Ericapaeus, Himerus Metis, and Protogonus. He is said to have sprung from the mystic mundane egg, and to have been the father of all gods, and the creator of men. Phanes means "Manifestor" or "Revealer," and is related to the Greek words "light" and "to shine forth." Phanes, or the personification of longing love, is first mentioned by Hesiod (Theogony 201), where he and Eros appear as the companions of Aphrodite. Greek
God name "Polybotes" Greek One of the giants who fought against the gods. The sea-god pursued him to the island of Cos, and, tearing away part of the island, throw it on him and buried him beneath the mass. Greek
God name "Pontos" Greek God of the sea. His mother and consort is GAIA and he is the father of the sea gods NEREUS and PHORKYS....
Angel name "Pronoia" Greek Eros appeared, being androgynous. His masculinity is Himeros, being fire from light. His femininity, innate to him as well, is the soul of blood, the solution of the Pronoia... He is very lovely in his beauty, having charm beyond all the creatures of chaos. Then all the gods and their angels, when they beheld Eros, became enamored. And appearing in all of them Eros set them ablaze. Gaian creation myth
God name "Protogenoi" Greek The first group of beings to come into existence at the beginning of the universe were the Protogenoi - First Born or Primeval and they form the very fabric of the universe and are immortal. The Protogenoi are the gods from which all the other gods descend. Greek
Goddess name "Rhea" Greek Primordial goddess. The daughter of OURANOS and GAIA, she is the consort of KRONOS and mother of ZEUS and other gods of Olympus, known only from the Theogony (Hesiod) and Iliad (Homer). She is also recognized in Roman literature under the same name. Also Rheie....
God name "Satyr" Greek Generic term for woodland gods and Divine beings Roman / Greek
God name "Scamander" Greek An Oceanid, son of Oceanus and Tethys and the god of the river Scamander, in Troas, was called by the gods Xanthus. Being insulted by Achilles, he entered into a contest with the Greek hero but Hera sent out Hephaestus to assist Achilles, and the god of fire dried up the waters of Scamander, and frightened Scamander, until Hera ordered Hephaestus to spare the river-god. By Idaea, he fathered Teucrus.(Theogony 345.) Greek
God name "Sebitti" Mesopotamian / Babylonian - Akkadian Group of minor war gods. The children of the god ANU who follow the war god ERRA into battle. They are, in alternative traditions, of good or evil influence. In Greek tradition they become the Pleiades....
Goddess name "Styx" Greek Chthonic underworld goddess. A daughter of OKEANOS and TETHYS, and mother of NIKE. The deity of the river Styx beside which the gods swear their oaths....
God name "Thaon" Greek One of the giants who made war with the gods. He was killed by the Parc?. Greek
Deities name "Titan" Greek A race of gods. The secondary group of deities in the pre-Hellenic pantheon, headed by the sky god OURANOS and the earth mother GAIA. They have six pairs of children: OKEANOS and TETHYS, KRONOS and RHEA, HYPERION and THEA, Koeos and Phoebe, IAPETOS and Klymene, Kreos and Eurybe. According to legend the children usurped their father but were eventually beaten by ZEUS, heading the major group of the pantheon, who hurled them into the abyss of Tartaros....
God name "Venti" Greek The winds. They appear personified even in the Homeric poems, but at the same time they are conceived as ordinary phenomena of nature. The master and ruler of all the winds is Aeolus, but the other gods also, especially Zeus, exercise a power over them. Greek
God name "Zeus" Greek The god of the sky & ruler of the Olympian gods