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Symbolism and natural history of the sacred trees.

Name of tree Symbolism Divine Associations
Acacia Sensitivity and protection Osiris (ancient Egyptian)
Alder Release Bran (Welsh), Phoroneus (Greek)
Almond Purity and perfection archetypical White Goddess
Cybele (Phrygian), Astarte (Phoenician)
Apple Health and fertility Demeter, Hera (Greek)
Pomona (Roman), Frigga and Freya (Germanic)
Ash Mastership and power Gwydion (Welsh), Nuadu (Irish), Nodens/Nodons (Celtic British)
Aspen Ascent, protection Heracles, Hermes (Greek), Vulcan (Roman)
Banyan the World Tree Brahma (Hindu)
Baobab Tree of Life the spirit world
Beech Understanding, sustenance and preservation Jupiter Fagutalis (Celtic and Roman)
Birch Renewal and protection Brigid (Celtic), Venus (Roman), Freya and Frigga (Norse)
Blackthorn balance between light and darkness the Great Goddess
Cedar Wisdom and strength Ea, Enki (ancient Mesopotamian)
Cherry Beauty and purity Konohana Sakuya Hime (Japanese)
Cottonwood Honesty, humility and self-sacrifice Wakan Tanka, the Great Spirit or Supreme Being (Native North American)
Cypress Heaven´s calling (universal) the Great Spirit
Date palm Sustenance and trust Baal, the spirit of the land (Phoenician and ancient Arabian)
Elder Healing and abundance the White Goddess
Elm Communication and relationship Orpheus (Greek)
Eucalyptus Restoring balance, increasing vitality Mercury
Fig Fertility and good fortune Dionysus and Demeter (ancient Greek)
Fir and Spruce Our connection with all life Osiris (Egypt), Artemis (Greek), Dziwitza and Boruta (Slavic), the Great Spirit (Native North American)
Ginkgo Primevial life-force Oneness
Hawthorn Purification, sacred marriage and male-female unity Olwen (Welsh), Cardea (Roman), Hera (Greek)
Hazel Playfulness and enchantment
Celts: "tree of knowledge"
Silvanus (Roman), Mabon (Welsh)
Holly the sword of thruth The Green Man (Pagan), Jesus (Christian)
Hornbeam Guardianship Heimdall (Norse)
Horse chestnut Patience -
Juniper Cleansing, protection and humility the spirit world
Kauri a sacred relationship Tane Mahuta, Lord of the forest (Maori)
Larch Going beyond limits The Saeligen (European Alpine)
Laurel Earth´s calling Gaia, Apollo, Daphne (Greek)
Linden Healing and peace Phylira (Greek), Freya, Frigga (Germanic)
Maple Expansion Nanahboozho (Salteaux Indian)
Monkey-puzzle or Chilean pine Care Pehuencha and Pehuenkuze (native Chilean)
Montezuma cypress Balance and fertility Chalchiuhtlicue, Coyolxauhqui, Coatlicue / Cihuacoatl (Aztec)
Mulberry Connection and interdependence The Tao
Myrrh Devotion and mediation The Great Mother:
Isis (ancient Egyptian), Ishtar (Mesopotamian), Astarte (Phoenician)
Mary (Christian)
Myrtle Unity Aphrodite, Artemis (Greek)
Oak Sovereignty, rulership, power Thunder gods: Perun(as) (Slavic, Baltic), Taara (Estonian, Finnish), Thor (Norse), Donar (Saxon), Taranis (Celtic), Zeus (Greek), Jupiter (Roman).
Agrarian deities: Mars Silvanus (Roman and Celtic), the Green Man (Anglo-Celtic)
Olive Perfect peace Athena (Greek), the Messiah (Judaism), Jesus Christ
Orange Fairness and justice -
Pear good health and fortune Hera (Greek)
Pine Vitality and continuity Pan (Greek), Attis (Phrygian), Merlin (Celtic)
Pipal or Bo Enlightment Buddha
Plane Balance Zeus, Apollo Platanistios (Greek), the Great Goddess
Pomegranate the fruit of life Dionysus, Aphrodite, Hera, Persephone (Greek), Astarte (Syrian, Phoenician)
Poplar Descent, protection Hecate, Persephone, Hades (Greek), Pluto (Roman)
Quince Fertility and love Hera, Aphrodite (Greek), Marian (Pelasgian), Venus (Roman)
Redwood Balance Heaven ad Earth
Rowan Protection and inspiration Brigid (Irish), Thor (Norse and Germanic)
Sweet chestnut Incarnation and nourishment Earth Deities
Sycamore - see Maple  
Sycomore fig Nourishment and ultimate blessing Hathor, Nuit, Selket, Neith (ancient Egyptian)
Tamarisk Protection Osiris (Egyptian) (See Isis)
Terebinth Revelation Jehovah, Allah
Totara Respect Tane Mahuta, the Lord of the Forest (Maori)
Walnut Confidence and mental wisdom Car (Pelasgian), Carya (Greek), Carmenta (Roman)
Willow Resonance and harmony Belili (Sumerian), Persephone (Greek)
Yew the Tree of Life, immortality, rebirth, protection The Great Goddess (Neolithic), Dione (pre-Greek), Artemis (Phrygian and Greek), Persephone, Hecate (Greek), Astarte (Syrian), Odin (Norse)
Sources:
Fred Hageneder, The Living Wisdom of TREES 2008
Katja Brandt, Äpplet från myt till mun 1999 (Swedish)