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German Mythology

German Mythology Names

These names occur in Germanic mythologies and legends.

List of Gods   : "German"

NameOriginDescription
God name "AESIR" Icelandic / Nordic The major race of sky gods in Norse religion. The twelve Aesir gods are headed by OTHIN, the All-Father and probably are, in part, derived from a Germanic pantheon established in prehistory. The Aesir follow a common pattern whereby cultures establish a “senior” pantheon of great gods which usually number seven or twelve....
Goddess name "Abnoba" Roman / Celtic / European Forest and river goddess. Known locally from the Black Forest region of Germany. The name “Avon,” associated with many rivers, derives from her name....
God name "Aesir" Germanic Pantheon of the gods norse / germanic
Spirit name "Ahnfrau" German An ancestress whose spirit appears to give warning of an approaching disaster or death. German
Deities name "Alcis" Germanic / possibly Icelandic / Nordic Unknown status. The Alcis are twin deities (brothers) known only as sons of the sky gods. From Germanic times we have a La Tene urn with pictures of paired men on horseback and linked by a wooden beam. Tacitus describes the worship of twin gods by the Naharvali tribe, their priests dressed in effeminate costume (see also the Phrygian deity ATTIS). They may have been worshiped in Forest sanctuaries along the northern coast of Europe....
Goddess name "Alruna-wife" German The Alrunes were the lares or penates of the ancient Romans. An Alruna-wife was the household goddess of a German family. An Alruna-maiden is a household maiden goddess.
Spirit name "Alte" German The Old One A field-spirit in human form. German
Goddess name "Aufaniae" Celtic A collective name for a group of Celtic mother goddesses worshipped throughout Celtic Europe. They are known only from symbolical inscriptions and they appear to have been found mainly in the German Rhineland. Celtic
"Bap or Baphomet" French An imaginary idol or symbol, which the Templars were said to employ in their mysterious rites. The word is a corruption of Mahomet. The image of Baphomet was romanticized during the nineteenth century by the German antiquarian Josef von Hammer-Purgstall.
Goddess name "Beda" Germanic Goddess who, along with the Alaisiagae sisters and Fimmilena and Mars Thingsus was popular among the Tubantes.
Goddess name "Bertha" German Goddess the spinning-wheel principally, and of the household as dependent on it, in behalf of which and its economical management she is often harsh to idle spinners; at her festival thrift is the rule. South German
"Biersel" German A Kobold who lives in the cellar, drinks beer and cleans the jugs and bottles. German Torgau District
Spirit name "Bullkater" German A field-spirit resembling a tom-cat. German
"Bumann" German A bogeyman of an undefined nature. German
Spirit name "Buschweiber" German Forest-spirits aka "Wild-maidens". German.
Spirit name "Butze" German A household spirit. German
God name "Camulos" Britain 'the powerful one' God of war. Also worshipped in Germany. Britain
"Caspar" German A huntsman who sold himself to Zamiel, the Black Huntsman. The night before the expiration of his lease of life he bargained for three years' respite on condition of bringing Max into the power of the evil one. Zamiel replied, "To-morrow either he or you." On the day appointed for the trial-shot, Caspar places himself in a tree. Max is told by the prince to aim at a dove. The dove flies to the tree where Caspar is concealed. Max shoots at the dove, but kills Caspar, and Zamiel comes to carry off his victim. German
"Christmas Decorations" Christian The great feast of Saturn was held in December, when the people decorated the temples with such green things as they could find. The Christian custom is the same but transferred Jesus. The holly or holy-tree is called Christ's-thorn in Germany and Scandinavia, from its use in church decorations and its putting forth its berries about Christmas time. The early Christians gave an emblematic turn to the custom, referring to the "righteous branch," and justifying the custom from Isaiah lx. 13- "The glory of Lebanon shall come unto thee; the fir-tree, the pine-tree, and the box together, to beautify the place of my sanctuary."
"Dickepoten" Germanic The Jack-o'-Lantern of Mark and Lower Saxony.
Goddess name "Disir" Germanic Collective name for guardian goddesses norse / germanic
Goddess name "Disir" Nordic / Icelandic / / Germanic Collective name for guardian goddesses. They were the subject of a sacrificial ritual in autumn and have strong fertility connotations as vegetation and fertility deities. They are identified in the Sigr drifumal (Poetic Edda) and include the Valkyries and Norns of Germanic mythology....
God name "Donar" Germanic God of the sky and thunder. germanic
God name "Donar" Germanic storm god. The god of thunder whose symbol is either a hammer or an ax. The day name Donnerstag in modern German equates with Thursday, a corruption of Thor's day.See also THOR....
"Duergar" Norse / Germany Dwarfs who dwell in rocks and hills; noted for their strength, subtilty, magical powers, and skill in metallurgy. They are the personification of the subterranean powers of nature. According to the Gotho-German myth, the duergar were first maggots in Ymir's flesh, but afterwards assumed the likeness of men. The first duergar was Modsogner, the next Dyrin. Norse / Germany
"Dwerger" German Dwergugh or Duergar, Gotho-German dwarfs, dwelling in rocks and hills.
Goddess name "Eastre" German A goddess of healing
"Eckhardt" German In German legends, appears on the evening of Maundy Thursday to warn all persons to go home, that they may not be injured by the headless bodies and two-legged horses which traverse the streets on that night.
Spirit name "Elben" German nature spirits. German
"Elberich" German The most famous dwarf of German romance. He aided the Emperor Otnit (who ruled over Lombardy) to gain for wife the Soldan's daughter.
Goddess name "Erda" Germanic Very old and wise goddess of the earth germanic
King name "Erlking" German king of the elves, who prepares mischief for children, and even deceives men with his seductions. He is said to haunt the Black Forest. German
God name "Forseti" Norse / Germanic A god of justice for men & gods
Goddess name "Fortuna" Roman Goddess of good fortune. A deity who particularly appealed to women, partly in an oracular context. She is depicted carrying a globe, rudder and cornucopiae. She probably evolved from the model of the Greek goddess TYCHE. Her main symbol is the wheel of fate which she may stand upon and Renaissance artists tended to depict her thus. Among her more celebrated sanctuaries in Rome, the temple of Fortuna Redux was built by Domitian to celebrate his victories in Germany. She is depicted in a well-known stone carving in Gloucester Museum, England, holding her three main attributes....
Goddess name "Frau Holle" German Goddess of Winter. German
"Frau Welt" German A female fairy mistress according to the medieval church, the devil.
Goddess name "Freya" Germanic A goddess of fertility, love, beauty, sex & youth
Goddess name "Frjorgyn" Germanic Goddess with no known cult, the name suggests she is a mountain / Forest goddess and possibly revered as a goddess of fertility norse / germanic
Goddess name "Fulla" Germanic Minor goddess. Identified in the second Merseburg Charm as an attendant of the goddess FRIGG and possibly her sister....
Goddess name "Fulla/ Folla" Germanic A goddess of healing
Angel name "Gabamiah" Germany Recite the following words: "Gabamiah, Adonay, Agla, O Lord God of Powers, do Thou assist us!" When you see the angel, say in an affable tone of voice: "Blessed spirit, be thou welcome! I conjure thee once more, in the Name of the Most Holy Adonay, to give me prompt enlightenment about stuff. And if for reasons unknown to us, thou art unwilling to proceed in an audible tone of voice, I conjure thee in the Most Holy Name of Adonay to write upon the virgin parchment here present, between now and to-morrow morning, or at least reveal unto me that which I desire this coming might in my sleep. Solonic goetic rite.
Goddess name "Gabiae" Germany Mother goddesses. Germany
Goddess name "Garmangabis" South Germanic Tutelary goddess. Invoked by the Suebi tribe to bring prosperity. She may be linked with the north German goddess GEFJON....
Goddess name "Gefjon" Germanic / Nordic / Icelandic Goddess of Agriculture. One of the AESIR deities and an attendant of the goddess FRIGG according to tradition mentioned by Snorri in the Edda. She bore four giant sons whom she turned into oxen and used them to plough a tract of land which was then towed out to sea to become Zeeland (Sjaeland). She is also said to have founded a royal Danish dynasty. Also Gefiun....
Goddess name "Gefn" German German Mother goddess in charge of Spring, Sun, Winter, Fertility, Foresight, Growth, health, love, Magic and Protection.
God name "God/ Deus/ Gott" Christian / Anglo-Saxon / Germanic / Roman Claimed to be the creator god around 325 C.E., still in vouge by the Christian sect
"Gunnloed" German Teutonic earth Mother who looks after wisdom, creativity, fertility, health and protection.
Goddess name "Hel" Germanic / Nordic / Icelandic Chthonic underworld goddess. The daughter of LOKI and the giantess Angrboda, and the sibling of both the Midgard worm who will cause the sea to flood the world with the lashings of his tail, and of Fenrir, the phantom wolf who will swallow the Sun, at Ragnarok. She is queen of the otherworld, also known as Hell, and she takes command of all who die, except for heroes slain in battle, who ascend to Valhalla. In some mythologies she is depicted as half black and half white. She was adopted into British mythology....
King name "Hel Keplein" German A mantle of invisibility belonging to the dwarf-king Laurin. German
Goddess name "Hel[i]" Germanic A goddess of death
Goddess name "Heli" Germanic Goddess of death germanic
Goddess name "Hexe" Germanic Goddesses of curing illness germanic
Spirit name "Hinzelmann" German The most famous house-spirit or kobold of German legend. He lived four years in the old castle of Hudemuhlen, where he had a room set apart for him. At the end of the fourth year (1588) he went away of his own accord, and never again returned.
"Hodeken" German Means Little-hat, a German goblin or domestic fairy; so called because he always wore a little felt hat over his face.
God name "Hoenir" German This god gave all mortals the five senses
God name "Hoenir" German God who gave all mortals the five senses. German
God name "Hoenir" Nordic / Icelandic / Identified in the Voluspa / Poetic Edda / as the priest of the Viking gods who handles the “blood wands” i God. e. Divines future events. Some authors believe Hoenir to be a hypostasis of the god OTHIN, particularly concerned with giving the human race senses and feelings. Also known in north Germanic culture. He is said to have fled to Vanaheim after the great battle between the AESIR and VANIR gods....
Goddess name "Holda" Germanic Goddess of beauty and love germanic
Goddess name "Holde" German The gracious lady, a sky goddess who rode the winds. Snow came from the feathers of her bed. German
Goddess name "Holle" Germanic Goddess of the newborn emerged from the underworld, where she also accepts the souls of the dead germanic
Goddess name "Hulda" German Goddess of marriage and fecundity, who sent bridegrooms to maidens and children to the married. German
God name "Irmin" Germanic The mythical founder of the Hermiones tribe, son of Mannus, war god, Germanic
God name "Irmin" Germanic war god. Probably equating with TIWAZ, the name implies one of great strength. In Saxony, there is the so-called Irmin pillar which may be a reference to the deity....
Angel name "Irmiongot" Germanic This possibly Irmin, found in The Hildebrandslied, strangely the poem shows Christian influence
Goddess name "Jord" Icelandic / Germanic An earth goddess mentioned in the Edda by Snorri
Planet name "Jupiter" Roman Jupiter is, properly speaking, a derivation of Jove and pater (Latin for father) The name of the god was also adopted as the name of the planet Jupiter, and was the original namesake of the weekday that would come to be known in English as Thursday (the etymological root can be seen in French jeudi, from Jovis Dies). The Indo-European deity who also evolved into the Germanic Tiwaz (after whom Tuesday was named), the Greek Zeus, and Dyaus Pita of the Vedic religion. Jove is a vocative form of the name, evolved from Dyeus. Roman
"Kobold" German A German household goblin, also frequenting mines.
Goddess name "Kornjunfer" Germanic Goddess of grain germanic
God name "Lodur" Germanic Creator god mentioned in the creation myth. germanic
Deities name "Lodur" Germanic Creator god. Mentioned in passing in the creation mythology as being one of a trio of deities, with Odin and HOENIR, who engendered mankind.See also OTHIN....
God name "Lodur[r]" Germanic A creator god mentioned in the creation myth
God name "Lothur" Nordic / Icelandic God of physical senses. According to a brief mention in the Voluspa (Poetic Edda) the god concerned with physical being i.e. sight, hearing and speech. According to some authors he may be a hypostasis of the god OTHIN. Lothur is also known in northern Germanic tradition. Also LODUR....
God name "Magni" German This is a god of the future who has not yet arrived & a son of Thor
Demon name "Mahr" Germanic demonic being similar to an Alp germanic / Slavic
God name "Mani" Germanic / Nordic / Icelandic moon god. He guides the chariot of the moon through the night sky and is involved in the downfall of the world at Ragnarok....
God name "Modi" German / Norse This son of Thor is a god that has yet to arrive
Hero name "Munchausen" German The hero of a volume of travels, who meets with the most marvellous adventures. The incidents have been compiled from various sources, and the name is said to have pointed to Hieronymus Karl Friedrich von Munchhausen, a German officer in the Russian army, noted for his marvellous stories.
Goddess name "Nanna" Germanic A goddess of plants & flowers
Goddess name "Nanna" Germanic Goddess of plants and flowers. Germanic
King name "Nibelungen Hoard" German A mythical mass of gold and precious stones, which Siegfried obtained from the Nibelungs, and gave to his wife Kriemhild as her marriage portion. It was guarded by Albric the dwarf. After the murder of Siegfried, his widow removed the hoard to Worms; here Hagan seized it, and buried it secretly beneath "the Rhine at Lochham," intending at a future time to enjoy it, "but that was ne'er to be." Kriemhild married Etzel with the view of avenging her wrongs. In time Gunther, with Hagan and a host of Burgundians, went to visit king Etzel, and Kriemhild stirred up a great broil, at the end of which a most terrible slaughter ensued. Volsunga Saga
"Nix" German Kind busy-body. Little creatures not unlike the Scotish brownie and German kobold. They wear a red cap, and are ever ready to lend a helping hand to the industrious and thrifty. "Another tribe of water-fairies are the Nixes, who frequently assume the appearance of beautiful maidens."- T. F. T. Dyer: Folk-lore of plants
King name "Oberon" German Oberon king of the Fairies, whose wife was Titania. Shakespeare introduces both Oberon and Titania, in his Midsummer night's Dream. (Auberon, anciently Alberon, German Alberich, king of the elves.)
Angel name "Olinda" German An angel who is the protector of property. German
"Ostara" German The old High German name for the Easter festival.
Goddess name "Ostara" Germanic Sun goddess. Associated with the coming of spring and one of the derivations of the term Easter, she equates with the Anglo-Saxon deity EOSTRE....
Goddess name "Ostara/ Easter" Germanic A goddess of spring & the Sun
Spirit name "Phynnodderee" German Phynnodderee [the Hairy-one]. A Manx spirit, similar to the Scotch "brownie," and German "kobold." He is said to be an outlawed fairy, and the offence was this: He absented himself without leave from Fairy-court on the great levee-day of the Harvest-moon, being in the glen of Rushen, dancing with a pretty Manx maid whom he was courting.
"Poldunica" Germany Polednica, Poludnica, Lady Midday. A young girl, a beautiful maiden or a crone who appears at the hottest part of a summer's day. She carries a scythe and will stop people in the field to ask difficult questions and if the person fails to answer a question or is evasive,she will strike them with illness or cut off their head. Germany
Goddess name "Rheda" German A valkirie and goddess of the Winter. German
Goddess name "Rind" Northern Germanic / Nordic / Icelandic Chthonic goddess. She is mentioned as a consort of OTHIN and mother of VALI. Also Rinda; Rindr....
Spirit name "Samiel" German The Black Huntsman of the Wolf's Glen. A Satanic spirit, who gave to a marksman who entered into compact with him seven balls, six of which were to hit infallibly whatever was aimed at, but the seventh was to deceive. The person who made this compact was termed Der Freischutz. German
Deities name "Saxnot" Saxon Tutelary god. He is mentioned beside Woden and Thunor as one of the deities to be renounced at Christian baptism. As Saxneat he was allegedly the founder of the Saxon royal dynasty in Essex. The name may derive from the word sahsginot meaning “companion of the sword.” He may also equate with the German god Tyr....
Goddess name "Sessrumnir" Germanic Goddess of fertility. Germanic
Goddess name "Sif" Nordic / Icelandic / / Germanic corn goddess. The consort of THOR. She is mentioned in the Eddaic Lay of Lokasenna and in the Lay of Har barth. According to Snorri Sturluson she was originally a prophetess called Sibyl. She possesses great beauty and has long golden hair. Her sons are ULL and Loridi. According to tradition, LOKI cut off Sif's hair in mischief, but when confronted and threatened by Thor, he had the dwarfs make her a magical hairpiece of pure gold which, when it touched her head, became a living part of her and grew....
Goddess name "Sindgund" Germanic Goddess of healing charms. Germanic
Goddess name "Sirona" Celtic / Roman A local goddess of healing from the Moselle basin of Germany
Goddess name "Sirona" Roman / Celtic / Gallic Local goddess of healing. Known from limited inscriptions in which she is usually associated with the god GRANNUS or with the Celtic APOLLO. A sculpture from Hochscheid in the Moselle basin in Germany describes her with a snake round her wrist reaching toward a bowl of three eggs in her left hand. She may also have a small lapdog. Some authors suggest she has sky associations.See also DIVONA and ONUAVA....
God name "Taranis" Roman / Celtic / Gallic Thunder god. Known only from limited inscriptions, but may emulate the Germanic god DONAR and is possibly the same as Taranucos. The Romans equated him with JUPITER and a Jupiter Tanarus inscription at Chester in England may refer to Taranis. His symbol is a spoked wheel and he is presumed to be the object of savage rites. The modern Breton word for thunder is taran. Also Taranos....
God name "Thunor" Germanic God of fertility, lightning and thunder germanic
God name "Tiwaz" Germanic The chief sky god and the god of war. Germanic
God name "Tursas" Finland The Tavastian god of war. May be same as the Norse Tyr and the Germanic Tîwaz.
God name "Ull/ Ullr" Germanic / Norse A god of archery, hunting & skis
Goddess name "Vi of Wara" German A goddess of healing springs
Goddess name "Vor" Nordic / Icelandic Goddess. Of Germanic origin, one of the AESIR goddesses listed by Snorri in Prose Edda. He suggests that Vor may be concerned with the making of oaths and of marriage agreements, punishing those who break them. Possibly also Var(a), though Snorri lists her as a separate Aesir goddess....
"Were-Wolf" Germanic A human being, sometimes in one form and sometimes in another.
"Wild Huntsman" German The German tradition is that a spectral hunter with dogs frequents the Black Forest to chase the wild animals. The English name is "Herne the Hunter," who was once a keeper in windsor Forest. In Winter time, at midnight, he walks about Herne's Oak, and blasts trees and cattle. He wears horns, and rattles a chain in a "most hideous manner". Another legend is that a certain Jew would not suffer Jesus to drink out of a horse-trough, but pointed to some water in a hoof-print as good enough for "such an enemy of Moses," and that this man is the "Wild Huntsman." Various
Goddess name "Wilden Wip" Germanic Goddesses of healing. Germanic
Deity name "Wodan" Anglo-Saxon The deity in Anglo-Saxon polytheism corresponding to Norse Odin, both continuations of a Proto-Germanic deity, Wodanaz. Other West Germanic forms of the name include Dutch Wodan, Alemannic Wuodan, and German Wotan.
God name "Woden" Germanic The Old English name as used by the Anglo-Saxons for the Germanic god Woden, known more commonly as the Norse god Odin.
God name "Wotan" Germanic God of inspiration and magic germanic
God name "Yng" Nordic / Icelandic Creator god. Progenitor of the earliest Swedish kings. Also, in Germanic tradition, ING, the father of the Baltic coastal tribe, the Ingwaeones....
"Yuletide" Germanic Has been held as a sacred festival by numberless nations.
Goddess name "Zisa" Germanic Goddess of autumn germanic

ASES
In the mythology of the North, we call Ases the members of one of the two great families of gods (godh or gudh), the other being that of the Vanes, all these gods opposing giants, dwarves, elves and other supernatural creatures.
BALDR
In the Nordic pantheon, the god Ase (called Baldr) detonates. Son of Ódhinn and Frigg, kind, pure, fair, he impresses with his gentleness, his wisdom, his mercy and his helpfulness, all qualities that do not correspond exactly to what we can know about the old Nordic ethics.
FREYJA
In the mythology of the North, the goddess Freyja occupies a central place, but it is difficult to define exactly her personality: her licentiousness explains that the commentators of the Middle Ages, who are our main sources and who were Christians, were discreet.
BRÜNHILD, BRÜNNHILDE or BRYNHILDR
A warrior princess of great beauty, heroine of medieval Germanic epic literature and appearing in ancient Norse and Nordic sources (songs of the Edda, Icelandic saga of the Völsungar) and, in German, in the Nibelungenlied (early 13th century century, the Song of the Nibelungen). Called Brynhild, Brynhildr Brünhild, Brünnhilde or Brunehilde according to sources, she is the main character of the epic poems of poetic Edda where she appears, but her role is significantly reduced in The Song of the Nibelungen.
FREYR
Like his father, Njördhr, and his sister (or female double), Freyja, the Nordic god Freyr, of the Vanes family, is unquestionably master of fertility-fertility, even if, in recent times, meaning or intersections tend to make him a more martial deity.
LOKI
In northern mythology, Loki is the god of Evil. But this definition is not very enlightening, because the conception that one can make of the "evil" varies infinitely with the places, the eras, the men, the cultures; and, as the North presents a phenomenon characterized by brewing (especially of people and influences), it is almost discouraging to try to specify the outlines of Loki's enigmatic figure par excellence.