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God Name and Meaning

List of Gods   : "world"

NameOriginDescription
God name "AMUN" Egypt Supreme creator god. Amun is a Sun god, lord of the sky and king of the Egyptian world....
Spirit name "ARSAN DUOLAI" Yakut / eastern Siberia Chief spirit of the underworld. terrible dweller of the underground world...
Goddess name "ASERAH" Amorite, Canaanite,Phoenician, Lebanon, Syria Mother goddess. Aserah is the great mother goddess of Canaan. Known as “Lady Aserah of the sea,” she seems to have lived close by the place of IL, the Canaanite creator god, and is said to have had many sons. She is described as the “creatress of the gods” and the matron of a number of other goddesses who oversee the natural world. She is also ambiguous in her attitude to BAAL. She intercedes with Il when Baal wishes to build a palace of his own yet, when he is vanquished, she attempts to place one of her own offspring on the throne....
Spirit name "Abdals" Islamic In Islamic lore, the 'substitutes', 70 mysterious spirits whose identities are known only to God alone, "When one of those entities dies another is secretly appointed in replacement' and it is through the operations and actions of these creatures that the world continues to exist.
Hero name "Acheron" Greek Acheron a son of Helios and Gaea or Demeter, and was changed into the river bearing his name in the lower world, because he had refreshed the Titans with drink during their contest with Zeus.
God name "Agdistes" Greek The god who kept the porch of the "Bower of Bliss." He united in his own person the two sexes, and sprang from the stone Agdus, parts of which were taken by Deucalion and Pyrrha to cast over their shoulders, after the flood, for re-peopling the world. Greek
God name "Ahriman" Zoroastrian / Farsi Per sian Chthonic god of darkness. The antagonist of AHURA MAZDA, god of light, and his attendant, MITHRA. The name is a modern derivation of the original Avestan title ANGRU MAINYU. Ahriman is said to have tried to persuade his attendant animals, including the scor pion, ant and snake, to drink the blood of the bull slain by Mithra in the primeval legend of dualistic conflict (see Mithra); if he had succeeded he would have prevented life from forming on earth. In another legend he tried to thwart Ahura Mazda by sending a flood to destroy the world. Also recog nized in Roman Mithraism. Rituals included ani mal sacrifice. Also ARIMANIUS (Roman)....
Supreme god name "Ai Apaec" Mochica Indian / pre - Columbian South America / northern coast of Peru Supreme god. Probably originated as a jaguar god but came to rule the destinies of the world. He was thought to live like ordinary people and could reveal himself as man or god at will. He is depicted in anthropomorphic form, but with huge fangs and a cat-like wrinkled face with whiskers coming from his nose. He received sacrificial victims hurled from the top of a high cliff....
Supreme god name "Ai Apec" Peru Supreme god who rules the destinies of the world. Fond of strangling shore demons. Peru
Supreme god name "Ai Apec Mochica" Peru The supreme god that rules the destinies of the world
Goddess name "Aiaru" Polynesia Goddess who predicts death. One of the Seven Guardians of the world. Polynesia
God name "Akongo" Ngombe / Democratic Republic of Congo, central Africa Creator god. The supreme deity considered to have given the world, and all that is in it, form and substance....
God name "Albion" Britain Son of a forgotten Sea God who may have been part of a lost creation myth. Was once said to rule the Celtic world. His name became the poetic name for Britain.
God name "Anala" Hindu / Puranic Is one of the Vasus, gods of the material world. He is equated with Agni, and the name usually used for Agni when listed among the Vasus. Hindu / Puranic
Deities name "Ananta" Hindu / Puranic The world serpent in Hindu mythology. During the night of Brahma, Vishnu sleeps on coils of prodigious snake, Sesha, also known as Ananta, 'the endless' whose thousand heads rise above the deity like a canopy. This scene and everything in it, the deities' serpentine couch, the water on which the snake lies, are all manifestations of the primeval essence. Hindu / Puranic
God name "Angeyja" Norse One of Heimdal's nine mothers. The Elder Edda says in the Lay of Hyndla : Nine giant maids gave birth to the gracious god, at the world's margin. These are: Gjalp, Greip, Eistla, Angeyja, Ulfrun, Eyrgjafa, Imd, Atla, and Jarnsaxa. Norse.
Deity name "Antaboga" Indonesia underworld serpent deity. At the beginning of time, only Antaboga existed. Antaboga meditated and created the world turtle Bedwang from which all other creations sprang. Indonesia
Deities name "Anu-Mate" Polynesian God of space. One of the sons of RANGINUI by Pokoharua, the sister of TANGAROA, the sea god. He belongs to a group of deities engendered at the time of creation that includes ANU-MATE, Anu-Matao, Anu-Whakarere and Anu-Whakatoro, all of whom rule over different aspects of space above the upper world. AnuMate is perceived as the god responsible for the “space of cold death” and in fact all of the group are envisaged as deities ruling over realms of great cold....
God name "At" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Creator god. The Sun deity representing the fourth of the five world ages each of which lasted for 2,028 heavenly years, each heavenly year being fifty-two terrestrial years. Assigned to water and presided over by CHALCHIUHTLICUE. According to tradition, the age ended in a cataclysmic destruction caused by a deluge during which all the human population were turned into fish. Illustrated by the “Stone of the Four Suns” [Yale Peabody Museum]. Also 4(Atl), Atonatiuh and Chalchiutonatiuh....
Supreme god name "Atea" Polynesian Supreme god. The father of the gods depicted as a hybrid, his body divided vertically, the left half being fishy and the right half of human form. In the tradition of the Hervey Islands, he is the firstborn son of the primordial mother VARI-MA-TE-TAKERE. After a short existence low down in the world coconut living immediately above his mother, he moved to the opening of the upper world. He is largely comparable to TANE, the god of light. Also AVATEA, Vatea, Wakea....
"Atma / Atman" India Atma aka Atman a philosophical term used within Hinduism and Vedanta to identify the soul. It is one's true self beyond identification with the phenomenal reality of worldly existence. India
Monster name "Babullius" Greek A monster of the primitive world, is described sometimes as a destructive hurricane, and sometimes as a fire-breathing giant concealed in the country of the Arimi in the earth, which was lashed by Zeus with flashes of lightning. Greek
"Bacabs" Mayan They stand at the four corners of the world supporting the heavens. Mayan
"Baiamai" Australia He is considered by some to be the creator. Others believe he created his son, Burambin, who then created the world. Australia
King name "Bereguni" Slavic River nymphs accused of stealing newborn children. Probably a variation of the Hebrew Lilith myth. Driven by an insatiable hunger of envy, Lilith stalks the world by night raping men in their sleep and sucking their blood, or stealing their newborn children from their cots and eating them. Slavic
Goddess name "Bhuvanesvari" Hindu Mistress of the world and the fourth of the ten mahavidya goddesses and an aspect of Devi. Hindu
Goddess name "Bila" Australia Cannibal Sun goddess. She provided light for the world by cooking her victims over a giant flame. Australia
King name "Binzuru-Sonja" Japan One of the pupils of Buddha, the first of the sixteen Rakan. Rakan with grey hair and long eyebrows. Originally he was a retainer of the king, Uuten. He became a priest and attained miracle power by performing Arakan's vow. It is said that he was praised by Shaka for he used the miracle power for the world and that he didn't enter Nirvana and made efforts cultivating ordinary people. He was worshipped on the above in Theravada Buddhism, however, many are worshipped in restaurants in China. He is enshrined in front of a temple in Japan. It is believed that stroking him eliminates distresses. Japan
Goddess name "Birrahgnooloo" Australian aboriginal Creator goddess. She is recognized by several aboriginal clans as the chief consort of BAIAME, the creator god. Revered as the all-mother of humankind and creator of living things on earth, her role largely parallels that of Baiame. Traditions suggest that during the Dreamtime she planted vegetation as she moved through the primordial world, fashioning creatures from clay and breathing spirit into human beings. Her eldest son is DARAMULUM or Gayandi, regarded as an intermediary between Baiame and humankind....
God name "Bumba" Boshongo / Bantu / southern Africa Creator god. The progenitor of the world out of chaos. When he experienced stomachache he vomited the earth, Sun, moon and, finally, all living things, including mankind....
Spirit name "CERNUNNOS" Celtic, Gallic Fertility and chthonic god. Cernunnos appears to have been recognized in the region of Gaul which is now central France. He is typically drawn as a man bearing the antlers of a stag, not necessarily representing an animal spirit but a deity closely involved with animals and one which can transform instantly into animal shape. In the Celtic world, horns and antlers were generally regarded as symbols of virility and fertility....
Goddess name "CHALCHIUHTLICUE (her skirt is of jade)" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico water goddess. Featuring strongly in creation mythology, Chalchiuhtlicue presided over the fourth of the world ages which terminated in a great deluge. She is the tutelary deity of the fourth of the thirteen heavens identified at the time of the Spanish conquest, Ilhuicatl Citlalicue (the heaven of the star-skirted goddess). She takes the role of a vegetation goddess responsible for the flowering and fruiting of the green world, particularly maize; she also takes responsibility for such natural phenomena as whirlpools. Attributes include a rattle on a baton, and her dress is adorned with waterlilies....
God name "Cabaguil" Mayan God who helped create the world and mortals. Mayan
"Cabeiri" Greek Mystic divinities who occur in various parts of the ancient world. The obscurity that hangs over them, and the contradictions respecting them in the accounts of the ancients themselves, have opened a wide field for speculation to modern writers on mythology, each of whom has been tempted to propound a theory of his own. Greek
Deity name "Cagn Mantis" Africa According to the Hottentots and the Bushman the supreme deity and creator of the world whose loves are ‘pleasing' and it is especially attached to the moon, having made it out of one of its old shoes. Africa
God name "Camaxtli" Aztec A god of war & fire as well as of one of of the 4 gods that created the world
Goddess name "Carlin" Scotland Goddess of Winter and the spirit of the eve of Samhain (Halloween), the night the ghosts of the dead roamed the world of the living. Scotland
Supreme god name "Cghene" Nigeria The supreme God of the Isoko people in southern Nigeria. He is believed to have created the world and all peoples, including the Isoko. Cghene is beyond human comprehension and is only known by his actions. Because the God is so distant and unknown he has no temples or priests, and no prayers or sacrifices are offered directly to him.
God name "Chang Er" China Was the wife of the archer Hou Yi, who received the herb of immortality from the gods after shooting down nine of the ten Suns that were stifling the world with their heat. China
God name "Chaob (carrying off)" Mayan / Lacandon, Mesoamerican / Mexico wind god(s). They live in the four cardinal directions and, according to tradition, will bring about the end of the current world with earthquakes and tempests when the last of the Lacandon people dies. They will blow so hard that they blast the monkeys out of the trees. The names of two are identified, Hunaunic in the east and Chikinkuh in the West....
God name "Chaos" Greek The vacant and infinite space which existed according to the ancient cosmogonies previous to the creation of the world (Theogony 116), and out of which the gods, men, and all things arose. Greek
"Charon" Greek A son of Erebos, the aged and dirty ferryman in the lower world, who conveyed in his boat the shades of the dead - though only of those whose bodies were buried across the rivers of the lower world. Greek
King name "Charopus" Greek Or Charops, bright-eyed or joyful-looking, a surname of Heracles, under which he had a statue near mount Laphystion on the spot where he was believed to have brought forth Cerberus from the lower world. Greek
"Chebeldei" Siberia These are the inhabitants of lower world
King name "Chilminar and Balbec" Persian Two cities built by the Genii, acting under the orders of Jan ben Jan, who governed the world long before the time of Adam. Chilminar, or the "Forty Pillars," is Persepolis. These two cities were built as lurking places for the Genii to hide in. Persian
Goddess name "Chirakan Ixmucane" Mayan One of the new goddess formed by the four gods who made the world. Mayan
Goddess name "Cihuacoatl-Quilaztli" Aztec / Mesomerican / Mexico Creator goddess. Using a magical vessel, she grinds bone fragments obtained from previous generations of mankind in earlier world ages into a powder. The gods then commit self-sacrifice, allowing their blood to drip into the vessel. From the resulting mix, the human race of the fifth Sun is formed....
"Cirein Croin" Caithness A sea-serpent and the largest animal in the world. Celtic. Caithness
"Cneph" Egyptian An Egyptian Creator of the world.
Planet name "Cosmiel" Kircher The creator of the world. He gave Theodidactus a boat of asbestos, in which he sailed to the Sun and planets. Kircher
"Dahak" Persia The Satan of Persia. According to Persian mythology, the ages of the world are divided into periods of 1,000 years. When the cycle of "chiliasms" (1,000-year periods) is complete, the reign of Ormuzd will begin, and men will be all good and all happy; but this event will be preceded by the loosing of Dahak, who will break his chain and fall upon the world, and bring on man the most dreadful calamities. Two prophets will appear to cheer the oppressed, and announce the advent of Ormuzd.
"Danace" Greek A coin placed by the Greeks in the mouth of the dead to pay their passage across the ferry of the Lower world.
Demon name "Darawigal" Australian aboriginal Personification of evil. This demonic deity stands opposed to BAIAME, the creator spirit who represents good in the world. He is generally recognized as an offspring of Baiame who once lived in the sky but fell from grace during the Dreamtime and was sent to the underworld as its ruler. From there he now dispenses death and sickness....
"Delphian Oracle" Greek The most famous oracle in the world. The oracles were given forth by a priestess, the Pythia, who seated herself upon a golden tripod above a chasm, whence issued mephitic vapours. Greek
"Demiurge" Platonists The mysterious agent which made the world and all that it contains. The Logos or Word spoken of by St. John, in the first chapter of his gospel, is the Demiurgus of Platonising Christians. In the Gnostic systems, Jehovah (as an eon or emanation of the Supreme Being) is the Demiurge. Platonists
"Demurge" Gnostic artisan or "craftsman" the Creator or Maker of the world. Gnostic
God name "Descended into hell" Greek Means the place of the dead. (Anglo-Saxon, helan, to cover or conceal, like the Greek "Hades," the abode of the dead, from the verb a-cido, not to see. In both cases it means "the unseen world"; or "the world concealed from sight." The god of this nether world was called "Hades" by the Greeks, and "Hel" or "Hela" by the Scandinavians. In some counties of England to cover in with a roof is "to hell the building," and thatchers or tilers are termed "helliers."
Supreme god name "Dievas aka Dievs" Latvia The supreme god in the pre-Christian religion of Lithuanians, where Dievas was understood to be the supreme being of the world. Latvia
"Dinawagan" Tinguian The wife of Hatan "The head anito, who made the laws of the sky world and rules it" and invoked for help particularly in illness. Tinguian
"Dis" Roman Contracted from Dives, a name sometimes given to Pluto, and hence also to the lower world. Roman
Deities name "Ehecatl" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Creator god. The Sun deity representing the second of the five world ages, each of which lasted for 2028 heavenly years, each heavenly year being fifty-two terrestrial years. Assigned to the air or wind and presided over by QUETZALCOATL, to whose complex of deities he belongs. According to tradition, the age ended in a cataclysmic destruction caused by hurricanes. All humanity turned into monkeys. Illustrated by the “Stone of the Four Suns” [Yale Peabody Museum]. Also (4) Ehecatl; Ehecatonatiuh....
Goddess name "Eingana" Australian The world-creator, the birth mother, maker of all water, land, animals, and kangaroos. This huge snake goddess still lives in the Dreamtime. Australian
"Eirek" Scandinavian Whilst ourneying toward Paradise he came to a stone bridge guarded by a dragon and, on entering its mouth, found that he had arrived in a world of bliss. Scandinavian
"Eternal Jew / Wandering Jew." Christian The Jew who hurried on Jesus Christ when he was led to crucifixion. As a punishment, he is compelled to wander about the world, homeless and restless, till the Day of Judgment. Christian
God name "Eurydice" Greek The most famous was a woman-or a nymph-who was the wife of Orpheus. While fleeing from Aristaeus, she was bitten by a serpent and died. Distraught, Orpheus played such sad songs and sang so mournfully that all the nymphs and gods wept and gave him advice. Orpheus accomplished something no other person ever has: he traveled to the underworld and by his music softened the heart of Hades and Persephone, who allowed Eurydice to return with him to the world of the living. Greek
"Eurylochus" Greek One of the companions of Odysseus in his wanderings. He was the only one that escaped from the house of Circe, while his friends were metamorphosed into swine; and when Odysseus went to the lower world, Eurylochus and Perimedes performed the prescribed sacrifices. It was on his advice that the companions of Odysseus carried off some of the oxen of Helios. Greek
"Eurynomus" Greek A daemon of the lower world, concerning whom there was a tradition at Delphi, according to which, he devoured the flesh of dead human bodies, and left nothing but the bones. Greek
God name "Faro" Bambara / Mali, West Africa River god. Regarded as the deity who brought order to the world at the time of creation. He impregnated himself and gave birth to twins who were the first human beings. He is also the progenitor of fish stocks in the river Niger. His chief adversary is the god of the desert wind, TELIKO. Faro is propitiated annually by a Komo society of men in a ritual of dancing. They use a special mask which is created anew each year. According to legend Faro came to earth after a long period of drought during which most of the living things died. He also gave mankind the gift of speech....
God name "Faro Bambara" W Africa A river god that brought order to the world when it was created
Goddess name "Feronia" Roman Goddess of orchards and protects freed men. Roman Also regarded as a goddess of the earth or the lower world because she is said to have given to her son three souls, so that Evander had to kill him thrice before he was dead. Roman
"Fimbul-winter" Scandinavia The great and awful Winter three years' long preceding the end of the world.
Angel name "Gabuthelon" Apocrypha One of the angels, as revealed to Esdras, who will govern at the end of the world. The others are: Michael, Gabriel, Uriel, Raphael, Aker, Arphugitonos, Beburos and Zebuleon. Apocrypha
Supreme god name "Gamab" Africa Supreme god and creator of the world who lives beyond the stars Africa
Supreme god name "Gamab/ Ganna/ Gawa/ Gaunab Damaras" Africa The supreme god & creator of the world who lives beyond the stars
"Gauteovan" Colombia The mother of all things who created the world, the Sun and everything else. Colombia
"Gavur li yalyal" Micronesia The beneficent supreme being and creator of the world. Micronesia
"Gnaa" Norse She is the messenger that Frigg sends into the various worlds on her errands. She has a horse called Hofvarpenr, that can run through air and water. Norse
Deities name "Hachacyum (our very lord)" Mayan / Lacandon, Mesoamerican / Mexico Creator god. The creator of the world assisted by three other deities, his consort and two brothers, one of whom is Sucunyum, his counterpart (or alter ego) in the underworld. Also Nohochacyum (our great lord)....
God name "Hachacyum/ Nohochacyum" Maya The creator the world who was helped by three other gods
God name "Hades" Greek Or Pluton, Pluto, Plouton, Dis (Roman), and Aidoneus, the god of the lower world; Plato observes that people preferred calling him Pluton (the giver of wealth) to pronouncing the dreaded name of Hades or Aides. Hence we find that in ordinary life and in the mysteries the name Pluton became generally established, while the poets preferred the ancient name Aides or the form Pluteus. Greek
God name "Haiyococab" Aztec The Aztec "Water Over earth," from which "the earth-upholding gods escaped when the world was destroyed by a deluge.
Goddess name "Hannahannas" Hittite / Hurrian Mother goddess. Described as the “great mother.” In the legend of TELEPINU, the missing god, she sends a bee to locate him. When the bee stings Telepinu to awaken him, the god vents his rage on the natural world. NOTE: the priestesses of the Phrygian mother goddess KYBELE were, according to the Roman writer Lactantius, melissai or bees....
"Hatan" Philippines The head honcho who made the laws of the sky world and rules it. Philippines
Goddess name "Hel" Germanic / Nordic / Icelandic Chthonic underworld goddess. The daughter of LOKI and the giantess Angrboda, and the sibling of both the Midgard worm who will cause the sea to flood the world with the lashings of his tail, and of Fenrir, the phantom wolf who will swallow the Sun, at Ragnarok. She is queen of the otherworld, also known as Hell, and she takes command of all who die, except for heroes slain in battle, who ascend to Valhalla. In some mythologies she is depicted as half black and half white. She was adopted into British mythology....
Goddess name "Hel or Hela" Scandinavian queen of the dead, is goddess of the ninth earth or nether world. She dwelt beneath the roots of the sacred ash (yggdrasil), and was the daughter of Loki. The All-father sent her into Helheim, where she was given dominion over nine worlds, and to one or other of these nine worlds she sends all who die of sickness or old age. Her dwelling is Elvidnir (dark clouds), her dish Hungr (hunger), her knife Sullt (starvation), her servants Ganglati (tardy-feet), her bed Kor (sickness), and her bed-curtains Blikiandabol (splendid misery). Half her body was blue. Scandinavian
Spirit name "Hemoana" Tongans In the beginning there was just the sea, and the spirit world. Tangaloa took the sky and Maui the underworld. Hemoana in the form of a sea snake, and Lupe, whose form was a dove, then divided the remainder between them, Hemoana taking the sea and Lupe taking the land. Tongans
Hero name "Heracles" Greek The most celebrated of all the heroes of antiquity. The traditions about him are not only the richest in substance, but also the most widely spread for we find them not only in all the countries round the Mediterranean, but his wondrous deeds were known in the most distant countries of the ancient world.
God name "Hermod" Nordic / Icelandic Messenger god. One of the sons of the Wiking god OTHIN, he was sent to Hel on a mission to obtain the release of the god Balder, who had been slain by the blind god Hod. The mission failed because only one creature in the world, a hag (probably LOKI in disguise), failed to weep at Balder's loss and Hermod returned empty-handed. It may be argued that Hermod is less a deity than a demigod hero modeled on the Danish king of the Beowulf Saga. Also Heremod; Hermoth....
"Hlidskjalf" Norse The seat of Odin, whence he looked out over all the worlds. Norse
"Huiracocha" Inca The creator of the world. Inca
Deity name "Huiracocha/ Viracocho" Inca The supreme deity accused of a virgin birth & creator of of the world
God name "Huraaan" Mayan / Quiche, Mesoamerican / Guatemalan highlands Creator god. Having created the world, he fashioned the first humans from pieces of maize dough. The counterpart of the Yucatec HUNAB KU....
"Ibofanga" Creek Aka Hisagita-Imisi, Hisagitaimisi. The Master of breath, created the world and all other things. The Creek, Georgia
"Ice Giants" Discworld Similar to the Jotuns of Norse mythology, the Ice Giants are apparently necessary for the Apocralypse. When this came close to occurring during the events of Sourcery, the Ice Giants, described as huge beings made of ice with tiny, coal-like eyes and riding tame glaciers, hurtled down towards the civilised world. They spoke with a pronounced Nordic accent. Discworld
God name "Irioba" Tanzania Iriuba, Enokwe. The Sun, the sky, the only real god who created the world and all that it contains. Tanzania
Goddess name "Isi" India Goddess moderating the whole world, giving laws to heaven, earth, and Ocean, as the common parent both of gods and men, and as the productive cause both of corn and trees. India
"Itpomu" Sikkim The world and all that therein is are the children of Itpomu the Creative Mother. Sikkim
God name "Itukoviche" Brazil A somewhat shy god who is responsible for the existence of the world. Brazil
Goddess name "Itzpapalotl" Aztec Clawed Butterfly or "Obsidian Butterfly" was a fearsome skeletal goddess, who ruled over the Paradise world of Tamoanchan. Aztec
Goddess name "Iusaas" Egypt A goddess of Heliopolis whose name means, "she comes who is great". She plays a crucial role as the feminine principle in the creation of the world. Egypt
God name "Izanagi and Izanami" Japanese were the two young gods chosen to bring order to the world of chaos in Japanese mythology. Izanagi was a tall and as strong as a willow sapling, while Izanami, his consort, was delicate in manner and speech, and as beautiful as the air that filled the High Plain of heaven. The Lord of heaven then gave Izanagi his legendary spear, Amanonuboko.
"Izanami-No-Kami" Japan The Female Who Invites, Shinto earth mother who was given the task of creating the world. Japan
"Jagannath" Hindu Jagganath, Jagannatha, "Lord of the world";. Name for Vishnu in his manifestation as Krishna. Hindu
God name "Jagganath/ Juggernaut" Hindu The god whose name means Lord of the world
God name "Jormungand" Norse The serpent, Jormungand was the middle child of Loki and the giantess, Angrboda. He had 2 siblings, Hel, and the wolf, Fenrir. Alarmed that Loki had fathered these children, Odin sent a group of gods to kidnap them. Once captured, Odin threw Jormungand into the ocean surrounding Midgard, where he lived from then on. The serpent grew so much that he encircled the whole world and bit his own tail. Norse
Spirit name "Jormungandar or Midgardsormen" Norse earth's monster. The great serpent, brother of Hela and Fenrir and son of Loki, the spirit of evil. It used to lie at the root of the celestial ash till All-Fader cast it into the ocean; it then grew so large that in time it encompassed the whole world, and was for ever biting its own tail. Norse
"Juck Shilluck" Africa This is the creator of the world
God name "Juggernaut or Jaggernaut" Crow The Hindu god Jagganath. The word is a corruption of the Sanscrit jagannatha (lord of the world). The temple of this god is in a town of the same name in Orissa. king Ayeen Akbery sent a learned Brahman to look out a site for a temple. The Brahman wandered about for many days, and then saw a crow dive into the water, and having washed, made obeisance to the element. This was selected as the site of the temple. While the temple was a-building the rajah had a prophetic dream, telling him that the true form of Vishnu should be revealed to him in the morning. When the rajah went to see the temple he beheld a log of wood in the water, and this log he accepted as the realisation of his dream, enshrined it in the temple, and called it Jagannath.
"Juok" Africa / Egypt Juok of the Shilluks. Juok molded all men of earth while he wandered the earth creating the rest of the world. White men were created from white sand which Juok found in the land of the white. Red or brown men were created out of the mud of the Nile in Egypt. Black men were created from black earth found in the land of the Shilluck. According to this creation story, man was given all necessary parts to function. Each part had a reason for being. For example, Juok gave man arms in order for man to work. Africa
"Kabeiroi" Greek Cabeiri, mystic divinities who occur in various parts of the ancient world.
God name "Kabezya-Mpungu" Bantu Kabezya-Mpungu decides to become invisible after creating the world and the first humans who did not yet have a heart. After balancing the Rain, Sun, moon, and darkness, he leaves. To replace the visible god, he sends the people Mutima ("heart"), the life-giving or Divine part of humans. Bantu
God name "Kahukura aka Rongo" Maori A major god, the god of cultivated food. He separated the primordial parents Rangi and Papa to allow daylight into the world. Tawhirimatea, the god of storms did not consent to this plan and afterwards attacked his brothers with unrelenting fury. Rongo and Haumia, the god of wild food, took refuge in the body of Papa, mother earth, who hid them until the storm passed. Maori
God name "Kalahari aka Cagn Mantis" Africa a creator god of the people of the Kalahari in Africa and in particular Botswana. He is credited with having made all things (he made the moon from an old shoe), and is the god of natural phenomena. Omnipresent, he manifests himself in everything in the world, but especially in the mantis and caterpillar, which seem to be his favored animals. He has one wife, Coti, and, with her, two sons, Cogaz and Gewi. At one time, he lived on earth but he later moved his dwelling to the top of the sky.
"Kaliyuga" Hindu The last of the four Hindu periods contained in the great Yuga, equal to the Iron Age of classic mythology. It consisted of 432,000 solar-sidereal years, and began 3,102 years before the Christian era. The bull, representing truth and right, has but one foot in this period, because all the world delights in wickedness.
"Kalpa" India A day and night of Brahma, a period of 4,320,000,000 solar-sidereal years. Some say there are an infinity of Kalpas, others limit the number to thirty. A Great Kalpa is a life of Brahma; the whole duration of time from the creation to the destruction of the world.
"Katavul" India Ultimate creator all who exists in the world and able to judge humanity and to reward or punish India / Tamil / Sri Lanka
Supreme god name "Katavul" Tamil / southern India / Sri Lanka Supreme god. The ultimate creator of all that exists in the world and the judge of humanity able to reward or punish at will....
Supreme god name "Katavul Tamil" S India / Sri Lanka Such a supreme god that he was the ultimate creator all that exists in the world & able to judge humanity & to reward or punish at well
"Kederli" George The St. George of Mahometan mythology. He slew a monstrous dragon to save a damsel exposed to its fury, and, having drunk of the water of life, rode about the world to aid those warriors who invoked him.
Supreme god name "Kenos" Tierra del Fuego God who was sent to earth by the supreme god, supposedly to bring order into the world. He goofed up and created humans. Tierra del Fuego
"Khovaki" Siberia Creator of the world Siberia
"Khovaki/ Savaki" Tungus / Siberia This entity is guilty of being in the creator of the world
"Kiya'rnarak (I exist)" Inuit Supreme being. An indistinct and remote character, out of touch with ordinary mortals, who created the world....
God name "Ku'nkunxuliga" Ma'malelegale Indian / British Columbia, Canada Tribal god. The personification of the thunderbird, known to many Indian tribes, who lives in a palace in the upper world. The noise of the thunder is the beating of its wings....
Deity name "Ku'urkil" Chukchee / eastern Siberia The founder of the world. Not only a deity, but a powerful shaman and the first human. He equates with the Koryak deity QUIKINN.A'QU....
"Kud" Korea The Caca and in embodiment of the evil principal that abound in the world
King name "Kulika" Buddhist According to Buddhist legend, the first notable king of Shambhala, king Suchandra was the one who requested teaching from the Buddha that would allow him to practice the dharma without renouncing his worldy enjoyments and responsibilities.
God name "Kumokums" Modoc Indian / Oregon, USA Creator god. He sat beside Tule lake, which was all that existed, and created the world by scooping out mud to form the earth. He added animals and plants, but finally became tired and went to sleep in a hole at the bottom of the lake, which he dug using a hill as a shovel....
God name "Kuntu bXan Po" Bon / pre - Lamaist / Tibet Head of pantheon. The chief god in the Bon pantheon, he engendered the world from a handful of mud scraped from the primeval waters and created all living things from an egg....
Spirit name "Kutkhu" Kemchadal / southeastern Siberia Guardian spirit. The counterpart of the Koryak QUIKINN.A'QU, he fashioned the created world into its present form and is the majordomo of the creator god. His consort is Ilkxum and his sister is Xutlizic. His children include SI'MSKALIN, TI'ZIL-KUTKHU and SI'DIUKU. In mythology he is depicted as a salacious character. Also Kutq; Kutkinnaqu....
"Laksmana" Hindu The promoter of fortune, was ever deeply attached from his infancy to his eldest brother, Sri Rama, the delight of the world. Hindu
"Lalita Tripurasundai Tantric" India She is the symbol of cosmic energy & of the secret ruler of the world
God name "Laodameia" Greek A daughter of Acastus, and wife of Protesilaus. As the latter, shortly after his marriage, joined the Greeks in their expedition against Troy, and was the first that was killed there, Laodameia sued for the favour of the gods to be allowed to converse with him only for three hours. The request was granted: Hermes led Protesilaus back to the upper world, and when Protesilaus died a second time, Laodameia died with him. Greek
"Lasya" Buddhist Graceful Mother of the world. Buddhist
Goddess name "Latmikaik" Micronesia Goddess of the sea, with her husband Tpereakla, co-creator and co-ruler of the world Tpereakl lived in the sky, while his wife had her residence under the sea. Pelew Is.
Spirit name "Lemures" Greek Spectres or spirits of the dead, which were believed by the Romans to return to the upper world and injure the living. Some writers describe Lemures as the common name for all the spirits of the dead and divide all Lemures into two classes; viz. the souls of those who have been good men are said to become Lares, while those of the wicked become Larvae. Greek
"Lifthraser" Norse Lif. The two persons preserved in Hodmimer's grove during Surt's conflagration in Ragnarok; the last beings in the old and the first in the new world. Norse
"Lizard Islands" Torquemada Fabulous islands where damsels outcast from the rest of the world are received. Torquemada
"Lokapaia (protectors of the world)" Hindu / Buddhist Guardians of the four directions. Often placed in pairs at the entrance to tombs....
Deities name "Lokesvara (lord of the world)" Buddhist Generic name for a group of deities. These are thought to be a syncretization of Hindu and Buddhist deities and include such gods as SIVA, V IS'NU and others which have come to be defined as forms of a primeval buddha or DHYANIBUDDHA. The lokesvara are usually repre sented by a small figure, identified as ADIBUD DHA or AMITABHA, which rests on the head of the main statue. Also a group name for the many forms of the Buddhist deity AVALOKITESVARA....
God name "Lowalangi" Indonesia God of the world above and source of anything good Indonesia / Nais Is.
God name "MIMIR" Nordic / Icelandic God of wisdom and inspiration. An AESIR god who lives in the world of the Frost Giants. He guards the well of knowledge, filled by a spring which flows beneath the world Tree, Yggdrasil, and which is supplied from the primeval waters. The god OTHIN drank from the spring to acquire knowledge, having forfeited one of his eyes to Mimir. Said to be the wisest among the gods. According to some sources he was sent as hostage to the VANIR in their war with the Aesir and was killed by them (see Othin). Some authors argue that he is more properly a giant than a god. Said to be accompanied often by the silent god HOENIR. Mimir warns Othin of the final onslaught at Ragnarok (doom)....
God name "MOT (death)" Canaanite / Phoenician / northern Israel, Lebanon / Syrian coastal regions God of natural adversity. ot is the Canaanite representation of adversity in the natural world. He lives in a pit within the earth and is responsible for its annual death from drought and heat: “he has scorched the olive, the produce of the earth and the fruit of the trees.” He engages in the classic confrontation with the Canaanite hero and national god, BAAL. Though the duel results in Baal's demise, his death is avenged by his twin sister ANAT, who slays Mot, then cleaves, winnows, burns and grinds him with a millstone, in what appears to be a ritual allied to the sowing of seed and harvesting (see OSIRIS). Baal is later restored. The conflict probably formed the basis of an annual ritual drama at the Canaanite New Year which was held in the autumn. In the texts Mot is the son of Il and his mother is AS'ERAH (ATHIRAT)....
"Mah-Abadean Dynasty" Persia The first dynasty of Persian mythological history. Mah Abad (the great Abad) and his wife were the only persons left on the earth after the great cycle, and from them the world was peopled. Azer Abad, the fourteenth and last of this dynasty, left the earth because "all flesh had corrupted itself," and a period of anarchy ensued.
"Mahpiyato" Lakota After the time of creation, the world was divided into three regions; the sky, the earth and waters and the underworld. When Mahpiyato created humans, they were placed in the subterranean region.. The Lakota, Plains Indians
God name "Mammon" Syriac The god of this world. Mammon was the Syrian god of wealth, similar to Plutus of Greek and Roman mythology. Syriac
God name "Manannan Mac Lir" Ireland / Welsh / Scots The god of the sea. He is often seen as a psychopomp, whose responsibility is to escort newly-deceased souls to the afterlife, and considered to have strong connections to the Otherworld islands of the dead, the weather, and the mists between the worlds. Ireland / Welsh / Scots
God name "Mani" Germanic / Nordic / Icelandic moon god. He guides the chariot of the moon through the night sky and is involved in the downfall of the world at Ragnarok....
"Mania" Etruscan An ancient and formidable Italian, probably Etruscan, divinity of the lower world, is called the mother of the Manes or Lares
Spirit name "Mania" Etruscan An ancient and formidable Italian, probably Etruscan, divinity of the lower world, is called the mother of the Manes or Lares. As regards her being the mother of the Manes or Lares, the idea seems to have been, that the souls of the departed on their arrival in the lower world became her children, and either there dwelt with her or ascended into the upper world as beneficent spirits.
God name "Manzasiri Kalmyk" Mongol Primeval god from whose body at the world of was formed Mongol
"Marginen" Siberia A personification of the creative principle of the world. The Chukchee, Siberia
Demon name "Maru" Polynesian / Maori God of war. One of the important deities revered by Maori clans in New Zealand in times of war, he may be represented in totems as an aggressive face with a prominent tuft of hair, staring eyes and tongue protruding, though these totems generally represent ancestors rather than deities. Maru may be invoked in the familiar Maori war dances and chants demonstrated popularly by the All Blacks before rugby matches all over the world....
Goddess name "Maya(devi)" Buddhist Mother goddess. The mother of the BUDDHA perceived as the world lotus or PADMA from which the Buddha was born. She equates with the Hindu goddess LAKSMI. The term is also applied to the personification of the visible universe and, in Hinduism, as an epithet of the goddess DURGA....
God name "Men" Turkey God of the moon who ruled the upper and lower world Turkey
God name "Men" Phrygian / Turkey moon god. Ruler of both upper and lower worlds. Probably also a god of healing, he was subsequently adopted by the Greeks and Romans. The cult was popular during the imperial period, but its inscriptions were written in Greek....
"Meru" Indian A fabulous mountain in the centre of the world, 80,000 leagues high, the abode of Vishnu, and a perfect Paradise. It may be termed the Indian Olympus.
"Midgard-serpent" Norse The world-serpent hidden in the ocean, whose coils gird around the whole Midgard. Thor once fishes for him, and gets him on his hook. In Ragnarok Thor slays him, but falls himself poisoned by his breath. Norse
God name "Moma" S America The moon god, ancestor of mankind and maker of the world. Uitoto, South America
"Muati" Mesopotamia / Sumeria Maat is merely the moral expression of Muat in the social world. An individual of this expression is known as a Muati i.e. "One who affirms Reality". The collective body of all Muati individuals have the anthropomorphic reference of Haru, the establisher of Maat. Mesopotamia / Sumeria
God name "Mulungu" Africa A creator God of the Nyamwezi people of Tanzania in eastern Africa. Despite being the creator and protector of the world, he is distant and has little contact with anyone. It is said that he once lived on earth, but when someone set fire to the landscape he asked a spider to spin him a web to climb up into the sky, where he lives today. He is revered now as a sky god, with thunder as his voice.
"Mundane Egg" Egyptian In the Phoenician, Egyptian, Hindu, and Japanese systems, it is represented that the world was hatched from an egg. In some mythologies a bird is represented as laying the mundane egg on the primordial waters.
"Muspel" Norse The name of an abode of fire. It is populated by a host of fiends, who are to appear at Ragnarok and destroy the world by fire. Norse
Goddess name "Naenia" Roman A dirge or lamentation such as was uttered at funerals, either by relatives of the deceased or by hired persons. At Rome Naenia was personified and worshipped as a goddess, who even had a chapel, which, however, as in the case of all other gods in connection with the dead, was outside the walls of the city, near the porta Viminalis. The object of this worship was probably to procure rest and peace for the departed in the lower world. Roman
God name "Nahui Oiiin (earthquake sun)" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Creator god. According to most of the codices, at the time of the Spanish conquest there had been four previous world ages, each represented by a Sun and terminated by a cataclysm. Ollin, the fifth Sun, was created at Teotihuacan and at the conquest was just under 2,000 years old. It is presided over by the god TONATIUH. Each creation is considered to last 2028 x 52 terrestrial years and the present one is destined to be destroyed by a great earthquake. Tradition has it that Ollin was originally a sickly or humble deity named NANAHUATL (the diseased one). Also (4)Ollin; Ollintonatiuh....
"Naininen" Koryak The Universe, world, Outer one. Koryak
God name "Naraaana" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Creator god. More or less synonymous with VIS'NU, but specifically describing the embodiment of the “abode of man.” He is said to have sucked his toe while sailing the primeval ocean on a banana leaf, until his own inspiration created the world. Often depicted supported by the bird god GARUDA.See also NARA....
God name "Nareu" Melanesia / Vanuatu Creator god. As in many comparable legends, he created the world inside the shell of a mussel. He engendered a son from sand and water who, in turn, created the Sun and moon from his father's eyes, rocks from his flesh and bones and mankind from his spine....
Deity name "Nefertem aka Nefertum" Egypt Nefer-Tem, Nefer-Temu, the young Atum at the creation of the world had arisen from the primal waters. Since Atum was a solar deity, Nefertum represented Sunrise, and since Atum had arisen from the primal waters in the bud of an Egyptian blue water-lily, Nefertum was associated with this flower. Egypt
God name "Nehebu-Kau" Egypt A serpent god who participated in the creation of the world when he swam around the solar boat of Re in the watery chaos. Egypt
"Nibta" Nazorean Threw quarreling into the world. Early Nazorean
"Nidhug" Norse A serpent of the nether world, that tears the carcases of the dead. He also lacerates Ygdrasil. Norse
"Niflheim" Norse The world of fog or mist; the nethermost of the rime worlds. The place of punishment (Hades). It was visited by Odin when he went to inquire after the fate of Balder. Norse
Goddess name "Ninlil" Mesopotamian / Sumerian Goddess of the air and of grain. She is the daughter of the god of stores, Haia, and the barley goddess, Ninsebargunnu. The consort of the air god Enlil, who impregnated her with water to create the moon god Nana, she also conceived the underworld god Nergal when Enlil impregnated her disguised as the gateman of Nippur. In a similar manner she conceived the underworld god Ninazu when Enlil impregnated her disguised as the “man of the river of the nether world, the man-devouring river.” According to some texts she is also the mother of Ninurta, the god of the plough and thunderstorms....
"Norn plural Nornir" Norse The weird sisters; the three heavenly norns Urd, Verdande, and Skuld (Past, Present, and Future); they dwelt at the fountain of Urd, and ruled the fate of the world. Three norns were also present at the birth of very man and cast the horoscope of his life. Norse
Spirit name "Nu'tenut" Chukchee / E Siberia An earth spirit that is the owner of the world
Spirit name "Nu'tenut" Chukchee / eastern Siberia earth spirit. The owner of the world who sits in a large house built of iron. He is surrounded by the spirits of Sun, moon, sky, sea, dawn, darkness and world who are suitors for his daughter (unnamed)....
Spirit name "Nu'tenut Chukchee" East earth spirit who is the owner of the world Siberia(East)
God name "O-Kuni-Nushi-No-Mikoto" Shinto / Japan Creator god. The great organizer and consolidator of the earth in the creation mythology of Shintoism. He took up his duties after IZANAGI and IZANAMI had created the land. Tradition has it that he first underwent a series of ordeals and then reigned over the world. He has many consorts and innumerable offspring....
God name "Obatala" Yoruba A creator god; he made human bodies, and his father, Olorun breathed life into them. While Olorun is considered the creator of the universe, Obatala created the world and humanity, being seen as the father of orishas and humankind. Yoruba
God name "Ocelotl" Aztec the Sun god but then a first of the five world ages - they last for 2028 heavenly years & each heavenly year = 52 earth years
God name "Ocelotl" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Creator god. The Sun deity representing the first of the five world ages, each of which lasted for 2,028 heavenly years, each heavenly year being fiftytwo terrestrial years. Assigned to the earth and presided over by TEZCATLIPOCA. According to tradition, the age was populated by a race of giants and it ended in a catalclysmic destruction caused by huge and ferocious jaguars which devoured them. Illustrated by the Stone of the Four Suns [Yale Peabody Museum]. Also Ocelotonatiuh; Yoaltonatiuh; Tlalchitonatiuh....
God name "Ohoromoxtotil" Maya this god was the creator the Sun that made the world in habitable by destroying the jaguars that once infesterd it
God name "Ohoroxtotil (god almighty)" Mayan / Mesoamerican / Mexico Creator god. The creator of the Sun and the deity who made the world inhabitable for mankind by destroying the jaguars which once infested it....
Spirit name "Okitsu-Hiko" Japanese Is a divinity in Japanese Shinto. His name literally translates to "Great Land Master", and he was originally the ruler of Izumo Province, until he was replaced by Ninigi. In compensation, he was made ruler of the unseen world of spirits and magic. He is believed a god of nation-building, farming, business and Medicine.
King name "Old Man" Blackfoot Came from the south, making the mountains, the prairies, and the Forests as he passed, the birds and the animals too. He traveled north making things as he went and arranging the world as we see it today. Blackfoot
God name "Orcus aka Hades or Pluton" Roman Orcus aka Hades or Pluton, the god of the lower world. Roman
Demon name "Ordog" Christian A demonic creature from Hungarian mythology. It personifies the dark aspects of the world. Later it is identified with the Christian devil.
God name "Orlog" Scandinavia The Old Norse for cycle of fate, or for the unalterable destiny of the world. Orlog encompasses all, including the gods. One aspect of Orlog is the "Ragnarok." Orlog is the collective wyrd of the world as a whole, whereas "wyrd" is more individual. Scandinavia
"Oromasdes" Zoroastrian The first of the Zoroastrian trinity. The Divine goodness of Plato; the deviser of creation (the father). The second person is Mithras, the eternal intellect, architect of the world; the third, Ahrimanes.
God name "Orunmila" Yoruba / Nigeria, West Africa God of destiny. He accompanied the creator god OLODUMARE at the creation of the world and when the destinies of mankind were decided. He is consulted in an oracular capacity at IFA and makes decisions on such matters as choice of sacrificial animals. He is also a god of healing and in many households enjoys personal shrines which include palm nuts, fragments of ivory and sea shells....
Deities name "Panao" Afghanistan Creator god, also generic title for deities controlling the natural world, they lived in the mountains. Afghanistan
Deities name "Panao" Kafir / Afghanistan Creator god. Local deity worshiped in Ashkun villages in southwestern Kafiristan. Also a generic title for deities controlling the natural world and said to live in the mountains. These include Lutkari Panao (fertility), Saramun Panao (health), Plossa Panao (rain and good health), Passamun Panao (rain and good health), Indermun Panao (fruit and wine), and Malek Panao (nut trees). These gods were generally worshiped in sacred open spaces where their wooden images were regularly drenched with blood sacrifices....
"Pandora's Box" Greek A present which seems valuable, but which is in reality a curse; as when Midas was permitted, according to his request, to turn whatever he touched into gold, and found his very food became gold, and therefore uneatable. Prometheus made an image and stole fire from heaven to endow it with life. In revenge, Jupiter told Vulcan to make a female statue, and gave her a box which she was to present to the man who married her. Prometheus distrusted Jove and his gifts, but Epimetheus, his brother, married the beautiful Pandora, and received the box. Immediately the bridegroom opened the box all the evils that flesh is heir to flew forth, and have ever since continued to afflict the world. The last thing that flew from the box was Hope. Greek
Planet name "Paradise Lost" Milton Satan rouses the panic-stricken host of fallen angels to tell them about a rumour current in heaven of a new world about to be created. He calls a council to deliberate what should be done, and they agree to send Satan to search out for the new world. Satan, passing the gulf between Hell and heaven and the limbo of Vanity, enters the orb of the Sun (in the guise of an angel) to make inquiries as to the new planet's whereabouts; and, having obtained the necessary information, alights on Mount Niphates, and goes to Paradise in the form of a cormorant. Seating himself on the Tree of Life, he overhears Adam and Eve talking about the prohibition made by God, and at once resolves upon the nature of his attack. Gabriel sends two angels to watch over the bower of Paradise, and Satan flees. Raphael is sent to warn Adam of his danger, and tells him the story of Satan's revolt and expulsion out of heaven, and why and how this world was made. After a time Satan returns to Paradise in the form of a mist, and, entering the serpent, induces Eve to eat of the forbidden fruit. Adam eats "that he may perish with the woman whom he loved." Satan returns to Hell to tell his triumph, and Michael is sent to lead the guilty pair out of the garden. Milton
Demon name "Parasurama (Rama-with-the-ax)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Incarnation of the god VIS'NU. The sixth avatara of Vis'nu (see also RAMA) in which form he saved the world from an army of tyrannical warriors. According to legend, Rama, the son of a wise man, became a skilled bowman and in gratitude he went to the Himalaya where he stayed, devoting himself to SIVA. His consort is DHARANI. Though without his bow, Rama acted as a champion of the gods in a war against the demons and was rewarded with an ax. In another legend, Vis'nu took the form of Parasurama to rid the world of despotic rulers. This avatara appears in human form, with two arms and with an ax in the right hand. Other attributes: arrow, bow, knife, skin and sword. Also Parasuramavatara....
God name "Pemba (great thing)" Bambara / Mande / Mali, West Africa Creator god. He was created out of the empty or Fu and his first task was to form the egg of the world. He descended to earth as an acacia seed (Acacia albida) which first grew to a mighty tree and then died. From the wood Pemba generated human souls and a female being whom he impregnated to engender all human and animal life. His brother is the god FARO, creator of the river Niger....
"Phlegethon" Greek I. e. the flaming, a river in the lower world, is described as a son of Cocytus; but he is more commonly called Pyriphlegethon. It flowed with fire that burned but did not consume fuel. In the Divine Comedy the river is made of boiling blood and is part of the seventh circle of hell, containing the shades of tyrants, murderers, robbers and those guilty of sins involving violence against others. Greek
"Plato" Greek His triad was To Agathon (Goodness). Nous or Eternal Wisdom (architect of the world) , and Psyche (the mundane soul).
God name "Pluton" Greek The giver of wealth, at first a surname of Hades, the god of the lower world. Greek