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God Name and Meaning

List of Gods   : "underworld"

NameOriginDescription
God name "ADONIS (lord)" Lebanon / Syria Fertility and vegetation god. Adonis is modeled on the Mesopotamian dying vegetation god DUMUZI (Hebrew: Tammuz). He appears as a youthful deity. The river Adonis [Nahr Ibrahim] is sacred to him largely because its waters flow red after heavy Winter Rains, having become saturated with ferrous oxide. In Hellenic tradition he is the son of the mythical Cyprian king Cinyras and his mother is MYRRHA. According to Hesiod he is also the son of Phoenix and Alphesiboea. He is the consort of APHRODITE. Tradition has it that he was killed by a boar during a hunting expedition and is condemned to the underworld for six months of each year, during which the earth's vegetation parches and dies under the summer Sun and drought. He was honored in a spring festival when priests in effeminate costume gashed themselves with knives. Frequently depicted nude and sometimes carrying a lyre. Also ATTIS (Phrygian); ATUNIS (Etruscan)....
Spirit name "ARSAN DUOLAI" Yakut / eastern Siberia Chief spirit of the underworld. terrible dweller of the underground world...
"Aahla" Egyptian The Field of peace; a portion of Amenti the Egyptian underworld
Demon name "Abaddon" Babylonian It is the second of the seven names of the underworld in the Babylonian Talmud. Chief of the demons of the 7th hierarchy Hebrew / Christian
God name "Acolmiztli" Aztec Minor chthonic underworld god. Aztec
Deities name "Acolmiztli (shoulder-lion)" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Minor chthonic underworld god. One of the deities collectively classed as the MICTLANTECUHTLI complex....
God name "Acolnahuacatl" Aztec Another minor chthonic underworld god
Deities name "Acolnahuacatl" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Minor chthonic underworld god. One of the deities collectively classed as the MICTLANTECUHTLI complex....
God name "Aeacoc" Greek / Roman A chthonic underworld god & 1 of the 3 gods of Hades
God name "Aeacos" Greco - Roman Chthonic underworld god. One of three judges of Hades assessing the souls of the dead entering the underworld (see also MINOS and RHADAMANTHOS). Identified by Plato as the son of ZEUS and Aigina. In the Theogony (Hesiod), Aeacos is also the consort of Psamathe and father of Phocos. Also Aiakos....
God name "Aed" Celtic / Ireland underworld god. Son of Lir and Aobh. Celtic / Ireland
God name "Aed" Celtic / Irish Chthonic underworld god. Known from inscriptions. Aed mac Lir, son of LIR and Aobh was, according to tradition, turned into a swan by his stepmother, Aoife....
God name "Aericura" Celtic / Roman An underworld god known only from inscription
God name "Aericura" Roman / Celtic Chthonic underworld god. Known only from inscriptions....
Goddess name "Aericura aka Erecura" Roman / Celtic Herecura, Eracura, was a goddess worshipped in ancient times, often thought to be Celtic in origin, mostly represented with the attributes of Proserpina and associated with the Roman underworld god Dis Pater. Roman / Celtic
Goddess name "Ah Kin (he of the sun)" Mayan / Mesoamerican / Mexico Sun god. A deity of ambivalent personality, the young suitor of the moon goddess Acna, also the aged Sun god in the sky. He is feared as the bringer of drought, but also protects mankind from the powers of evil associated with darkness. Said to be carried through the underworld at night on the shoulders of the god Sucunyum. Ah Kin is prayed to at Sunrise and rituals include the burning of incense. He is invoked to cure illness and to bring wives to bachelors. Attributes include a square third eye subtended by a loop, a strong Roman nose, a squint and incisor teeth filed to a T-shape. Also Acan Chob (Lacandon); Chi Chac Chob; Kinich Ahau; God G....
God name "Ahau Kin" Mayan Meaning "lord of the Sun face," he was a Sun god and moon god; he had two manifestations. At night, he became a jaguar god and lord of the underworld. Mayan
Goddess name "Ahemait" Egypt underworld goddess who eats the souls of the unworthy. Egypt
God name "Aiakos" Greek A god of the underworld
God name "Aken" Egypt underworld god and keeper of the underworld ferryboat. Egypt
God name "Aken" Egypt Chthonic underworld god. The keeper of the underworld ferry boat....
God name "Aker" Egypt God of the earth who guards in the entrance to the underworld. He rules rver earth, fields, poisons, anecdotes, weaving. Egypt
God name "Aker" Egypt Chthonic earth god of passage. Known from the Old kingdom (circa 2700 BC onward). Controls the interface between eastern and western horizons of the underworld, and is the guardian of the gate through which the king passes into the underworld. Aker provides a safe course for the barque of the Sun god during its passage through the underworld at night. He may be seen as the socket holding the boat's mast. He is also considered benevolent against snake bites. Represented by opposite facing pairs of human or lion heads....
Goddess name "Ala" Ibo / eastern Nigeria, West Africa Chthonic fertility goddess. A popular deity who is also goddess of the underworld linked with a cult of the dead (which rest in her womb). Her temple is the Mbari which contains a cult statue depicting the goddess seated with a child in her arms and adorned with the crescent moon. She is flanked by attendant deities. She enjoys a profusion of local shrines which are well supplied with votive offerings. Serious crimes including murder are considered to be offenses against her. An annual yam festival is celebrated in her honor. Also Ale, Ana, ANI....
Goddess name "Ala aka Ale" Africa Ana, Ani, Chthonic fertility goddess who is also goddess of the underworld linked with a cult of the dead, which rest in her womb . Ibo Eastern Nigeria, West Africa
Goddess name "Allatu(m)" Western Semitic Chthonic underworld goddess. Modeled on the Mesopotamian goddess ERESKIGAL and possibly also equating with ARSAY in Canaanite mythology. Recognized by the Carthaginians as Allatu....
Goddess name "Allatu[m]" W Semitic An underworld goddess
Goddess name "Allatum" Iranian underworld goddess Iranian
Goddess name "Alpanu" Etruscan An underworld goddess
Goddess name "Alpanu" Etruscan Chthonic underworld goddess. Depicted wearing jewels, a loose cloak and sandals but otherwise naked. Also arguably a goddess of sexual love....
Goddess name "Alpanu aka Alpan" Etruscan Goddess of love and one of the Lasas, and a ruler of the underworld. Possibly equated with the Greek goddess Persephone. In art, she was usually depicted as a nude or semi-nude winged maiden. Etruscan
God name "Am-Heh" Egypt underworld god and minor deity who lives in a lake of fire. Egypt
God name "Am-Heh" Egypt Chthonic underworld god. A minor deity said to inhabit a lake of fire. The so-called “devourer of the millions.” Depicted with the head of a hound....
Goddess name "Ama" Siberia Goddess of the dark and of the underworld. Siberia
Goddess name "Ament" Egypt / Libya Aka Amenti, "The Westerner," "hidden goddess." Goddess of the underworld and consort of Amen. She greeted all dead people to the land of the dead with bread and water. If they ate and drank, they could not return to the land of the living. Egypt / Libya
Goddess name "Ammut" Egypt An underworld goddess that eats the hearts of the evil
Goddess name "Ammut (devouress of the dead)" Egypt Chthonic underworld goddess. A significant deity who allegedly consumes the dead if their hearts are found weighed down with guilt in the Judgment Hall of the Two Truths during the Weighing of the Heart ceremony. Ammut has a fearsome aspect and sits alongside forty-two juror gods named in the Book of the Dead. Depicted with the head of a crocodile, the trunk and fore-limbs of a lion and the hind part of a hippopotamus.See also THOTH and MAAT....
God name "An" Sumeria God of the underworld and chief deity Sumeria
God name "Andjety" Egypt An underworld god of the ninth nome[district]
Goddess name "Andjety" Egypt / Lower Chthonic underworld god. Minor deity in anthropomorphic form known from the Pyramid Texts. Identified with the ninth nome (district). Responsible for rebirth in the afterlife and regarded as a consort of several fertility goddesses. He was revered at Busiris where he clearly heralded the cult of Osiris. Attributes: high conical crown (similar to the atef crown of Osiris) decorated with two tall plumes, crook and flail. In early Pyramid Texts, the feathers are replaced by a bicornuate uterus.See also Osiris....
God name "Angru Mainya" Persia An evil underworld god
God name "Angru Mainyu (evil spirit)" Persian / Iran Chthonic underworld god of darkness. The original Zoroastrian name of the chief antagonist of AHURA MAZDA.See also AHRIMAN....
"Anguta" Inuit Gatherer of the dead. Anguta carries the dead down to the underworld, where they must sleep with him for a year. Inuit
Deity name "Antaboga" Indonesia underworld serpent deity. At the beginning of time, only Antaboga existed. Antaboga meditated and created the world turtle Bedwang from which all other creations sprang. Indonesia
Deities name "Anunnaki" Babylon The seven judges of the underworld they began as fertility deities
Goddess name "Anunnaki" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian Children and courtiers of the god of heaven. Known from at least 2500 BC until circa 200BC (in Babylon). The Anunnaki originate as chthonic fertility deities but later feature as the seven fearsome judges of the underworld who answer to Kur and ERES KIGAL and who are responsible for passing sentences of death including that placed on the goddess INANA. They are often closely identified with the IGIGI....
Demon name "Apep" Egypt Aka Apepi, Apophis. demon enemy of the Sun this huge serpent caused storms and eclipses and ate the Sun at evening. Rules over: darkness, storm, night, the underworld, death, eclipses. Egypt
God name "Arawn" Celtic / Welsh Chthonic underworld god. The leader of the phantom hunt seen chasing a white stag with a pack of red-eared hounds. He equates with GWYNN AP NUDD, a similar deity known in South Wales. His chief underworld opponent is Hafgan and he bribes PWYLL, prince of Dyfed, to challenge Hafgan in exchange for a gift of pigs....
God name "Areimanios" Greek Chthonic underworld god. Probably derived from the Persian deity AHRIMAN. Plutarch identifies him as the embodiment of HADES....
God name "Arimanius" Roman Chthonic underworld god. See also AREJMANJOS....
God name "Arimanius/ Areimaios" Roman An underworld god
Spirit name "Arsan Duolai" Yakut / Siberia The chief spirit of the underworld
Goddess name "Arsay" Western Semitic / Canaanite Chthonic underworld goddess. According to epic creation texts, she is the third daughter of BAAL at Ugarit (Ras Samra), possibly also equating with ALLATUM....
God name "Asphodel Meadows" Greek Is a section of the Ancient Greek underworld where indifferent and ordinary souls were sent to live after death. Hades, the Greek name for the underworld, also the name of the god Hades, is divided into two main sections: Erebus and Tartarus.
Goddess name "Ataecina" Roman / Iberia An underworld goddess
Goddess name "Ataecina" RomanoIberian Local chthonic underworld goddess. Known from inscriptions in the Tagus region, where the Romans identified her with the goddess PROSERPINA....
God name "Ba-Pef" Egypt Malevolent underworld god. Egypt
Spirit name "Ba-Pef" Egypt Chthonic underworld god. An obscure malevolent deity known from the Old kingdom (circa 2700 BC) in which he may have enjoyed a priesthood. According to limited references among the Pyramid Texts, he had a cult following and was associated in some way with pain or spiritual anguish affecting the king....
God name "Babi" Egypt Malevolent god. Known from as early as the Old kingdom (circa 2700 BC). Babi is seen as a violent and hostile deity whose presence can be highly dangerous during the ceremony of the Weighing of the Heart in the Hall of the Two Truths (see also AMMUT). Conversely he can also act in a protective capacity. Closely associated with sexual virility in the underworld, Babi is ithyphallic. A god active in the darkness, his penis serves variously as the mast on the underworld ferry boat, and the bolt on heaven's doors. Depicted as an ithyphallic male baboon....
God name "Bali" Hindu He was a Hindu god of the sky, but Vishnu took his power from him, casting him to the underworld where he would rule instead.
God name "Barastar" Ossetian / Caucasus region Chthonic underworld god. The judge of souls, directing them either to Paradise or to oblivion....
God name "Baron Samedi" Haiti / Vodun The god of death magic & the underworld
Goddess name "Bebhinn" Britain A goddess of the underworld and daughter of its ruler and a breathtakingly beautiful giantess with long golden hair. Britain
Goddess name "Bebhionn" Ireland A goddess of the underworld and of pleasure. Ireland
Goddess name "Belet-Seri" Akkadia Goddess of the underworld, who kept track of the dead coming through Babylon / Akkadia
Goddess name "Belet-Seri" Mesopotamian / Babylonian - Akkadian Chthonic underworld goddess. The recorder of the dead entering the otherworld. Known as the “Scribe of the earth.”...
Goddess name "Belet-Seri/ Belitsari" Babylon / Akkadia The underworld goddess that kept track of the dead coming through
Goddess name "Bia" Greek Goddess of force. The daughter of the underworld goddess STYX and the sister of KRATOS, god of strength....
God name "Birdu" Babylon / Akkadia Minor underworld god. Babylon / Akkadia
God name "Birdu" Mesopotamian / Babylonian - Akkadian Minor chthonic underworld god. Consort of MANUNGAL and syncretized with NERGAL....
God name "Bolon Ti Ku" Mayan Collective name for the the nine underworld gods who are not well defined Mayan
Deities name "Bolon Ti Ku" Mayan / Mesoamerican / Mexico Chthonic underworld gods. A collective term for a group of nine deities not otherwise clearly defined. They are probably still invoked by modern Mexican Indians....
God name "Bolontiku" Maya A group of underworld gods. Maya
Goddess name "CIPACTLI (great earth mother)" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Primordial goddess. Not strictly a goddess, but significant enough in Aztec cosmogony to be included here. According to tradition she was created in the form of a huge alligator-like monster by the underworld deities MICTLANTECUHLTI and MICTECACIHUATL. She may equate with TLALTECUHTLI, the toad-like earth monster torn apart to form heaven and earth. According to one tradition she emerged from the primordial waters and engaged in a fierce struggle with the Sun god TEZCATLIPOCA during which he tore off her lower jaw to prevent her sinking back into the depths and she bit off his right foot. The mountains are said to be the scaly ridges of her skin....
God name "Cernunnos aka Cernowain" Pan-Celtic Cernenus, Herne The Hunter, Hu Gadarn, Belatucadros, Vitiris. The Horned God, God of nature, God of the underworld. The Druids knew him as Hu Gadarn, the Horned God of Fertility. Pan-Celtic
Goddess name "Chalmeacacihuitl" Aztec Minor underworld goddess Aztec
Goddess name "Chalmecacihuilt (chalman lady)" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Minor chthonic underworld goddess. One of the deities collectively classed as the MICTLANTECUHTLI complex....
Deities name "Chalmecatl" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Minor chthonic underworld god. One of the deities collectively classed as the MICTLANTECUHTLI complex....
God name "Chalmetcal" Aztec Minor underworld god Aztec
Demon name "Charun" Etruscan The Etruscan demon of death who torments the souls of the deceased in the underworld and guards its entrance to the underworld. Similar to the Greek Charon, is portrayed with the nose of a vulture, pointed ears, winged, holding a hammer, with which he finished off his victims.
Hero name "Cocytus" Greek Meaning river of wailing or lamentation, was the river in the underworld on the banks of which the dead who could not pay Charon wandered, according to most accounts, for one hundred years. It flowed into the river Acheron, across which lay Hades, the mythological abode of the dead. Greek
God name "Colop U Uichkin (tears out the eye of the sun)" Mayan / Mesoamerican / Mexico sky god. Said to live in the midst of the sky, but with a night avatara of the same name who lives in the underworld land of the dead, Metnal, and who is the bringer of disease....
Goddess name "Culsu" Etruscan A Goddess of the Gate to the underworld. Etruscan
Demon name "Darawigal" Australian aboriginal Personification of evil. This demonic deity stands opposed to BAIAME, the creator spirit who represents good in the world. He is generally recognized as an offspring of Baiame who once lived in the sky but fell from grace during the Dreamtime and was sent to the underworld as its ruler. From there he now dispenses death and sickness....
Demon name "Demogorgon" Christian Often ascribed to Greek mythology, is actually an invention of Christian scholars, imagined as the name of a pagan god or demon, associated with the underworld and envisaged as a powerful primordial being, whose very name had been taboo.
God name "Dis Pater" Roman Chthonic underworld god. Modeled on the Greek god HADES....
God name "Dis Pater / Dispater" Celtic Dis Pater aka Dispater, was a Roman and Celtic god of the underworld.
God name "Donn" Ireland God of the underworld, the Dark One responsible for the passage of the dead to the underworld. Ireland
God name "Donn" Celtic / Irish Chthonic underworld god. According to legend, he lives on an island to the southwest of Munster and is responsible for the passage of the dead toward the otherworld....
God name "Dumuzi" Summerian Summerian form of Tammuz, a god of vegetation, fertility and the underworld. Possibly the husband of Inanna.
God name "Dur" Iran underworld god Iran / Kassite
God name "Dur" Kassite / Iran Chthonic underworld god. Equates with the Babylonian-Akkadian god NERGAL....
God name "Dur Kassite" Iran An underworld god
"Elysion" Greek A section of the underworld (the spelling Elysium is a Latinization of the Greek word Elysion). Elysium is an obscure and mysterious name that evolved from a designation of a place or person struck by lightning, enelysion, enelysios. Greek
God name "Endukugga" Sumeria God of the underworld Sumeria
God name "Enmesharra" Sumerian A god of the underworld who often worked with Enbilulu to bring water to the surface of the earth. Sumerian
Goddess name "Ereshkigal" Akkadia / Hittite This goddess is the mother of the storm god as well as an underworld goddess
Goddess name "Eriiys" Greek Chthonic goddess of wrath. According to legend she was a consort of POSEIDON by whom she bore the fabulous horse Areon. By implication she may also have been a grim maternal figure who engendered all horses. She may be equated with a wrathful DEMETER who is sometimes given the epithet Erinys. Erinys appears in the collec tive form of three Erinyes, their heads covered with snake locks and bearing torches from the underworld. In the Iliad they are described as those “who beneath the earth punish dead men, whoever has sworn a false oath.” In Roman mythology they are the Furies....
Goddess name "Erishkigal" Sumeria A goddess of the underworld
God name "Eurydice" Greek The most famous was a woman-or a nymph-who was the wife of Orpheus. While fleeing from Aristaeus, she was bitten by a serpent and died. Distraught, Orpheus played such sad songs and sang so mournfully that all the nymphs and gods wept and gave him advice. Orpheus accomplished something no other person ever has: he traveled to the underworld and by his music softened the heart of Hades and Persephone, who allowed Eurydice to return with him to the world of the living. Greek
Goddess name "Feronia" Etruscan Goddess of the autumn, fire and volcanoes. She also served as a goddess of travel, fire, and waters. Erilio, the king of Preneste, was her son according to one tradition. According to another tradition her son was the underworld god Herulus. Etruscan
God name "Galla" Akkadia Minor underworld gods Babylon / Mesopotamia / Akkadia / Sumeria
Goddess name "Galla" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian Minor underworld gods. Attendants of the goddess ERES KIGAL. Also Gallu....
Spirit name "Gauna aka Gauna" Botswana Gawa, Gawama, was death, the underworld leader of spirits and death. Botswana
Goddess name "Ges”tin-Ana" Mesopotamian / Sumerian Chthonic goddess. The sister of DUMUZI and consort of Ningisida. The so-called “heavenly grape-vine,” this minor goddess is involved in the account of Dumuzi trying to escape from his fate at the hands of INANA and ERESKIGAL. In her house he is changed into a gazelle before being caught and finally transported to the underworld....
God name "Gilgames" Sumeria Early historical king of Uruk, who later became and deified and was considered a god of the underworld. Sumeria
Goddess name "Gugulanna" Mesopotamian / Sumerian Minor underworld deity. The consort of the goddess ERESiKIGAL, mentioned as the pretext on which the fertility goddess INANA descends to the netherworld....
Goddess name "Gwydion" Celtic / Welsh God of war. His mother is DON the Welsh mother goddess. He allegedly caused a war between Gwynedd and Dyfed. He visited the court of PRYDERI, son of RHIANNON, in Dyfed, and stole his pigs. In the ensuing combat Gwydion used magic powers and slew Pryderi. He seems to have underworld links, hence the route taken by the dead, the milky Way, was named Caer Gwydion....
King name "Gwynn Ap Nudd" Welsh king of the fairies and the underworld. Welsh
God name "Gwynn Ap Nudd" Celtic / Welsh Chthonic underworld god. Known locally from South Wales. The leader of the phantom hunt which chases a white stag. He equates with HERNE in England and ARAWN in more northern parts of Wales....
Deities name "Hachacyum (our very lord)" Mayan / Lacandon, Mesoamerican / Mexico Creator god. The creator of the world assisted by three other deities, his consort and two brothers, one of whom is Sucunyum, his counterpart (or alter ego) in the underworld. Also Nohochacyum (our great lord)....
Goddess name "Hakea" Polynesian, Hawaii Goddess of the underworld. Her role was generally shared with the chthonic goddess Miru....
"Han" India The black of darkness who was banished to the underworld then became the nighttime. Plains Indians
"Hapi" Egypt One of the Four sons of Horus depicted in funerary literature as protecting the throne of Osiris in the underworld. Hapi is depicted as a baboon-headed mummified human on funerary furniture and especially the canopic jars that held the organs of the deceased. Hapi's jar held the lungs. Hapi was also the protector of the North. Egypt
Goddess name "Hel" Scandinavia Goddess of death and the underworld. The Christian concept of "Hell" came from this goddess, however, her realm of the dead for those who were wicked was cold and dark, not fiery. Scandinavia
Goddess name "Hel" Germanic / Nordic / Icelandic Chthonic underworld goddess. The daughter of LOKI and the giantess Angrboda, and the sibling of both the Midgard worm who will cause the sea to flood the world with the lashings of his tail, and of Fenrir, the phantom wolf who will swallow the Sun, at Ragnarok. She is queen of the otherworld, also known as Hell, and she takes command of all who die, except for heroes slain in battle, who ascend to Valhalla. In some mythologies she is depicted as half black and half white. She was adopted into British mythology....
Spirit name "Hemoana" Tongans In the beginning there was just the sea, and the spirit world. Tangaloa took the sky and Maui the underworld. Hemoana in the form of a sea snake, and Lupe, whose form was a dove, then divided the remainder between them, Hemoana taking the sea and Lupe taking the land. Tongans
Goddess name "Heret-Kau" Egypt underworld goddess of the old kingdom Egypt
Goddess name "Heret-Kau" Egypt / Lower underworld goddess. Very little is known of Heret-Kau. She was recognized chiefly in the Old kingdom (27th to 22nd centuries BC), apparently concerned with guardianship of the deceased in the afterlife and sometimes appearing as a figurine in attendance on ISIS in building foundations....
God name "Herne" Anglo-Saxon underworld god and leader phantom hunt British / Anglo-Saxon
Deities name "Herne" Celtic / British / or Anglo - Saxon Chthonic underworld god. Known locally from windsor Great Park, Berkshire, England, he equates with the Welsh deities GWYNN AP NUDD and ARAWN and is, according to legend, the leader of the phantom hunt. Depicted with stag-like antlers....
God name "Heros" Thrace underworld god who is also a horseman Thrace
God name "Heros" Thracian Chthonic underworld god. Depicted as a horseman. His image regularly appears on funerary stelae....
Goddess name "Hetepes-Sekhus" Egypt underworld goddess Egypt
Goddess name "Hetepes-Sekhus" Egypt Chthonic underworld goddess. A minor deity accompanied by a retinue of crocodiles. As one of the manifestations of the vengeful “eye of RE,” she destroys the souls of the adversaries of the underworld ruler OSIRIS. Depicted as a cobra or anthropomorphically with a cobra's head....
Goddess name "Hina" Hawaii A moon goddess and the mother of Maui, whom she once asked to slow down the Sun so days would last longer. A dual goddess, portrayed with two heads symbolizing day and night. She was a guardian of the underworld and patron of artisans and craftsmen. Hawaii
Goddess name "Hina" Polynesian / Tahiti moon goddess. In local traditions the daughter of the god TANGAROA and creatrix of the moon, which she governs. She lives in one of its dark spots representing groves of trees which she brought from earth in a canoe and planted. She is also represented as the consort of Tangaroa. Hina probably evolved in Tahiti from the Polynesian underworld goddess HINE-NUITE-PO. Also SINA (Samoa); Ina (Hervey Islands)....
Goddess name "Hine-Ata-Uira (daughter of the sparkling dawn)" Polynesian / including Maori Goddess of light. The daughter of the creator god TANE and HINEAHU-ONE. She did not remain a sky goddess but descended into the underworld, where she became the personification of death, HINE-NUITE-PO....
Goddess name "Hine-Nui-Te-Po" Maori Giant goddess of death, of night and of the underworld. She married her father, fled in horror to the underworld when she found out and cursed humanity with death in retribution. Maori
Goddess name "Hine-Nui-Te-Po (great woman of the night)" Polynesian / including Maori Chthonic underworld goddess. Originally she was HINE-ATAUIRA, the daughter of TANE and HINE-AHUONE, but she descended to rule over the underworld. She is depicted in human form but with eyes of jade, hair of seaweed and teeth like those of a predatory fish....
Goddess name "Holle" Germanic Goddess of the newborn emerged from the underworld, where she also accepts the souls of the dead germanic
Goddess name "Hours" Egypt underworld goddesses, the 12 daughters of Re Egypt
Goddess name "Hours" Egypt underworld goddesses. The twelve daughters of the Sun god RE. They act in concert against the adversaries of Re and control the destiny of human beings in terms of each person's life span, reflecting the supremacy of order and time over chaos. The Hours are sometimes represented on the walls of royal tombs in anthropomorphic form with a five-pointed star above the head. Also Horae (Greek)....
God name "Hunapu" Mayan / Yucatec / Quiche, Mesoamerican / Mexico Creator god. According to the sacred text Popol Vub, the son of HUN HUNAPU and the twin brother of Ix Balan Ku. Tradition has it that, like his father, he was decapitated in a historic struggle with the underworld gods and subsequently became the Sun god, while his sibling is the apotheosis of the moon....
God name "Hunhau" Mayan Appears, sometimes with the head of an owl, sometimes as a dog. A god of the underworld and the land of the dead. Mayan
God name "Hunhau" Mayan / Yucatec / Quiche, Mesoamerican / Mexico God of death. One of the several “lords of death” listed in the codices who rule the underworld, Mictlan. Hunhau is generally depicted with canine attributes, or with the head of an owl.See also YUM CIMIL. Also God A....
Goddess name "Ishtar" Assyrian / Babylon A mother goddess, fertility goddess, the goddess of spring, a storm goddess, a warrior goddess and goddess of war, a goddess of the hunt, a goddess of love, goddess of marriage and childbirth, and a goddess of fate. She was also an underworld deity, her twin sister being Ereshkigal, the Goddess of death, but her dominant aspects are as the mother goddess of compassion and the goddess of love, sex and war. Assyrian / Babylon
God name "Ixpuztec" Aztec A minor underworld god
God name "Ixpuztec (broken face)" Aztec / Meso american / Mexico Minor underworld god. One of the group classed as the Mictlantecuhtli complex....
God name "Ixpuztec aka Mictlantecuhtl" Aztec broken face, underworld god on their way to whom the dead people's skin would be ripped off by a wind of knives and would eventually live as skeletons. Aztec
God name "Ki (the great one)" Mesopotamian / Sumerian Archetypal chthonic principle. According to some traditions, Ki is the daughter of ANS'AR and KIS'AR and consort of AN. As the cosmos came into being, An took the role of god of heaven and Ki became the personification of the earth and underworld. She is the mother of the god of the air, ENLIL, with whom she descended from the heavens. Some authorities argue that she was never regarded as a deity. There is no evidence of a cult and the name appears in a limited number of Sumerian creation texts. The name URAS (tilth) may relate.See also ANTU(M)....
Goddess name "Ksitigarbha (womb of the earth)" Buddhist / Mahayana Goddess. Known exten sively from northern India to China and Japan. One of the group of female BODHISATTVAS or buddha designates. Color: yellow or green. Attrib utes: Book, bowl, jewel, staff and water jar. In China she is recognized as an underworld deity, Di zang. In Japan she becomes a guardian deity of passage, Jizo....
Goddess name "Laverna" Italy Chthonic underworld goddess. Italy
Goddess name "Laverna" Italic Chthonic underworld goddess. Propitiated by libations poured with the left hand....
Goddess name "Leiwani" Hittite / Hurrian Chthonic underworld goddess. Associated with charnel houses and probably modeled on the Sumerian ERES KIGAL....
Goddess name "Lelwani" Hittite Chthonic underworld goddess Hittite / Hurrian
"Louhi" Finland The matriarch of Pohjola, hostess of the underworld.
God name "Lugal-Irra" Akkadia Chthonic underworld god Babylon / Mesopotamia / Akkadia / Sumeria
God name "Lugal-Irra" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian Chthonic underworld god. Probably a minor variation of ERRA, the Babylonian plague god. The prefix Lugal means ”lord.” Often coupled with MES LAM TAEA, god of war....
"Mahpiyato" Lakota After the time of creation, the world was divided into three regions; the sky, the earth and waters and the underworld. When Mahpiyato created humans, they were placed in the subterranean region.. The Lakota, Plains Indians
Goddess name "Mahui Iki" Polynesia Goddess of fire and the underworld. Polynesia
Goddess name "Mahuika" Polynesia Goddess of earthquakes who rules the edges of the underworld Polynesia
Goddess name "Mamitu" Akkadia Goddess of treaties and oaths, as well as a judge in the underworld Babylon / Mesopotamia / Akkadia
Goddess name "Mamitu" Mesopotamian / Babylonian - Akkadian Goddess of oaths and treaties. One of the consorts of NERGAL and subsequently identified as a chthonic underworld deity. Also Mammetu....
God name "Manmngal" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian Chthonic underworld god. A minor deity, the consort of birdU....
God name "Manungal" Akkadia Chthonic underworld god Babylon / Mesopotamia / Akkadia / Sumeria
God name "Maramalik" Kafir / Afghanistan Chthonic underworld god. No details known....
God name "Marmalik" Kafir / Afghanistan A chthonic underworld god
God name "Marmalik Kafir" Afghanistan Chthonic underworld god Afghanistan
God name "Mathonwy" Welsh A benevolent ruler of the underworld akin to Beli, or perhaps that god himself under another title, for the name Math. Welsh
Goddess name "Maui" Polynesian / Maori / New Zealand Tutelary god. Not a creator god but one who assists mankind in various supernatural ways. According to tradition he was aborted at birth and cast into the sea by his mother, who thought he was dead. He was rescued entangled in seaweed. He is the deity who drew the islands of New Zealand from the floor of the ocean in a net. Maui caught the Sun and beat it into submission, making it travel more slowly across the sky so that the days became longer. He also brought fire from the underworld for mankind and tried, unsuccessfully, to harness immortality for him by entering the vulva of the underworld goddess HINE-NUI-TE-PO while she was asleep. She awoke and crushed him to death. Though a deity, he had been made vulnerable to death by a mistake during his rites of birth (see also Balder). Also Mawi....
God name "Mehen" Egypt Minor chthonic underworld god Egypt
God name "Mehen" Egypt Minor chthonic underworld god. The guardian of the barque of the Sun god RE during its passage through the underworld at night. Depicted in the form of a coiled snake....
Goddess name "Meilichia" Greek An underworld goddess
God name "Mekal aka Nergal" Phoenecian Resheph. God of the plague and of the underworld, fertility, war, well-being and plenty. Phoenecian
God name "Melwas" Britain God of the underworld and the "king of the Summer Country". cornwall, Britain
God name "Men Phygia" Asia Minor God of the moon who ruled over in the heavens, but the underworld as well Asia Minor
Goddess name "Meretseger" Egypt Chthonic underworld goddess who brings illness and death to the disrespectful. Egypt
Goddess name "Meretseger" Egypt Localized chthonic goddess associated with the underworld. At Thebes she acted in either benign or destructive fashion against workers building tombs in the Valley of the kings. She is generally depicted as a coiled cobra which may possess a human head and arm. One of the best representations is on the sarcophagus of Rameses III. She lost her popularity when the use of Thebes as a royal cemetery was discontinued early in the first millennium BC....
Goddess name "Meretseger/ Meresger" Egypt A chthonic underworld goddess who brings illness and death to the disrespectful
God name "Mes Lam Taea" Akkadia God of war but thought to be an aggressive aspect of the chthonic underworld god Nergal Babylon / Mesopotamia / Akkadia / Sumeria
God name "Mes Lam Taea" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian God of war. An aggressive aspect of the chthonic underworld god NERGAL. Often linked with the god LUGAL-IRRA....
Goddess name "Micapetlacoli" Aztec Minor chthonic underworld goddess Aztec
Goddess name "Micapetlacoli (dead mat chest)" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Minor chthonic underworld goddess. One of the group of deities belonging to the MICTLANTECUHTLI complex....
Goddess name "Mictanteot" S America Goddess of the underworld. South America
Goddess name "Mictecachiuatl" Aztec Goddess of death and Lady of Mictlan, the underworld. Aztec
Goddess name "Mictecacihuatl" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Chthonic underworld god. One of a pair of deities with MICTLANTECUHTLI. In the primeval waters of the cosmos, they generated the monstrous goddess CIPACTLI, from whom the earth was formed....
God name "Mictlantecuhtli" Aztec A chthonic underworld god that created the underworld
Goddess name "Mictlantecuhtli" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Chthonic underworld god. The creator of the underworld, Mictlan. Depicted with a skull-like appearance and protruding teeth. Also one of a pair of deities with MICTECACIHUATL. In the primeval waters of the cosmos, they generated the monstrous goddess CIPACTLI, from whom the earth was formed. In alternative traditions he is the god of the sixth of the thirteen heavens, Ilhuicatl Mamalhuazocan (the heaven of the fire drill), or he is one of the gods who support the lowest heaven at the four cardinal points. Mictlantecuhtli is perceived to reside in the south (codices Borgia and Vaticanus B). He is also one of the four great temple deities (codices Borgia, Cospi and Fejervery-Mayer)....
God name "Midir" Celtic / Irish Chthonic god. Appears in polymorphic form. According to legend the consort of Etain and ruler of the land of Mag Mor. He lost an eye when hit by a hazel wand; the eye was replaced by DIANCECHT, the physician god. In Roman times he became more of an underworld deity. Also Mider....
God name "Minos" Greco - Roman Minor underworld god. A son of Zeus and Europa. The mythical king of Crete. One of three judges of the dead souls entering Hades. His cult is linked with the worship of bulls....
"Mitnal" Mayan underworld hell where the wicked were tortured. Mayan
God name "Moma" Uitoto Indian / South America Creator god. Originally the creator of mankind. When he was slain he entered and ruled the underworld. Also the apotheosis of the moon....
God name "Mutu" Assyria Personification of death and the god of the underworld Assyria
Goddess name "Namtar (fate)" Mesopotamian / Sumerian Messenger god(dess). A go-between and either minister or maid-servant of the underworld goddess ERES KIGAL, who brings death to mankind at the appropriate time....
Goddess name "Nantosuelta (winding river)" Celtic / Gallic Goddess of water. Identified as a possible consort of the god SUCELLOS. She frequently holds a pole surmounted by a dove-cote. In addition she carries the cornucopia of a fertility or mother goddess, but is also a domestic guardian deity and is often depicted with ravens, which may suggest further links with the underworld....
Demon name "Nathum" Etruscan An underworld demon or fury. Etruscan
God name "Ndara" Sulawesi God of the underworld. Sulawesi
"Nehebkau" Egypt Originally the explanation of the cause of binding of Ka and Ba after death. Thus his name, which means one who brings together Ka. Since these aspects of the soul were said to bind after death, Nehebkau was said to have guarded the entrance to Duat, the underworld. Egypt
Goddess name "Nephthys [Greek]" Egypt Funerary goddess. Nephthys is the younger sister of ISIS, OSIRIS and SETH, who are the offspring of the chthonic god GEB and the sky goddess NUT in the Ennead genealogy of Egyptian deities defined by the priests of Heliopolis. Nephthys is depicted in human form wearing a crown in the style of the hieroglyphic for a mansion, the translation of her Egyptian name. She can also take the form of a hawk watching over the funeral bier of Osiris. According to legend Nephthys liaised briefly with Osiris and bore the mortuary god ANUBIS. She is said to guide the dead Egyptian ruler through the dark underworld and to weep for him. Also Neb-hut (Egyptian)....
God name "Nergal" Mesopotamia God of plague, and a chthonic underworld god Mesopotamia
God name "Neti" Babylon / Akkadian A chthonic underworld god
Goddess name "Neti" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian Chthonic underworld god. Chief gatekeeper of the netherworld. The servant of the goddess ERES KIGAL. Neti features prominently in the epic legend of Inana‘s Descent into the underworld when he opens the seven gates of the realm and admits the goddess, removing one emblem of her power at the threshold of each gate....
God name "Nextepehua" Aztec Scatterer of ashes. Minor chthonic underworld god. Aztec
Deities name "Nextepehua (ash-scatterer)" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Minor chthonic underworld god. One of the group of deities belonging to the MICTLANTECUHTLI complex....
God name "Ninazu" Sumeria A god of the underworld, and of healing. Sumeria
God name "Ningishzida" Sumerian An underworld Mesopotamian deity, the patron of Medicine, and also a God of nature. His name in Sumerian means "lord of the good tree". Sumerian
Goddess name "Ninlil" Mesopotamian / Sumerian Goddess of the air and of grain. She is the daughter of the god of stores, Haia, and the barley goddess, Ninsebargunnu. The consort of the air god Enlil, who impregnated her with water to create the moon god Nana, she also conceived the underworld god Nergal when Enlil impregnated her disguised as the gateman of Nippur. In a similar manner she conceived the underworld god Ninazu when Enlil impregnated her disguised as the “man of the river of the nether world, the man-devouring river.” According to some texts she is also the mother of Ninurta, the god of the plough and thunderstorms....
God name "Nun" Egypt The name by which ancient Egyptians called both the mysterious underworld from where life was renewed and the primordeal god residing there.
"Odras" Ireland Refused to let her cow be mated with the bull belonging to the Morrigan. So they took the cow away and she followed them to the underworld where she was turned into a pool of water. Ireland