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God Name and Meaning

List of Gods : "Sparta"   (34 records)

NameOriginDescription
King name
"Agave"
Greek Daughter of Cadmus, and wife of the Spartan Echion, by whom she became the mother of Pentheus, who succeeded his grandfather Cadmus as king of Thebes. Agave was the sister of Autonoe, Ino, and Semele (Apollodorus iii), and when Semele, during her pregnancy with Dionysus, was destroyed by the sight of the splendour of Zeus, her sisters spread the report that she had only endeavoured to conceal her guilt, by pretending that Zeus was the father of her child, and that her destruction was a just punishment for her falsehood.
King name
"Amyclas"
Sparta A son of Lacedaemon and Sparta, and father of Hyacinthus by Diomede, the daughter of Lapithus. He was king of Laconia, and was regarded as the founder of the town of Amyclae.

"Argalus"
Sparta The eldest son of Amyclas, and his successor in the throne of Sparta.

"Clodones"
Greek There were revels in Parnassus, in Phocis, Messenia, Arcadia, even Sparta. The festivals were held on mountains, with blazing torches, in dark Winter nights. The votaries were in large part women, and were known by many names,--Maenads, Thyiads, Clodones, Mimallones, Bassarides, etc. They were clothed in fawn skins, carried thyrsi and in their ecstasies used to hunt wild animals, tear them in pieces, and sometimes eat them raw. Greek

"Corythallia"
Greek A surname of Artemis at Sparta, at whose festival of the Tithenidia the Spartan boys were carried into her sanctuary. Greek
King name
"Cynortes"
Greek Or Cynortas, a son of Amyclas by Diomede, and brother of Hyacinthus. After the death of his brother Argalus, he became king of Sparta and father of Oebalus or of Perieres. His tomb was shown at Sparta not far from the Scias. Greek
Nymph name
"Cytus"
Greek A son of Zeus by the Rhodian nymph Himalia. Brother to Cronius, and Spartaeus.

"Derrhiatis"
Sparta A surname of Artemis, which she derived from the town of Derrhion on the road from Sparta to Arcadia.

"Echinades"
Greek One of the five surviving Spartae that had grown up from the dragon's teeth, which Cadmus had sown. Greek
God name
"Epidotes"
Greek A divinity who was worshipped at Lacedaemon, and averted the anger of Zeus Hicesius for the crime committed by Pausanias. Epidotes, which means the "liberal giver," occurs also as a surname of other divinities, such as Zeus at Mantineia and Sparta, of the god of sleep at Sicyon. Greek
God name
"Euros"
Greco - Roman God of the east winds. One of the sons of EOS. Particularly known from Sparta and later Romanized as Eurus....

"Eurotas"
Greek A son of Myles and grandson of Lelex. He was the father of Sparta, the wife of Lacedaemon, and is said to have carried the waters, stagnating in the plain of Lacedaemon, into the sea by means of a canal, and to have called the river which arose therefrom after his own name, Eurotas. Greek
King name
"Gorgophone"
Greek A daughter of Perseus and Andromeda. Her name means "Gorgon Slayer", a tribute to her father who killed Medusa, the mortal Gorgon. Gorgophone is a central figure in the history of Sparta, having been married to two kings, Oebalus of Sparta (actually Lakonia, Sparta's region) and Perieres of Messenia, the region to the west of Lakonia which Sparta, in the late 8th or early 7th century B.C. enslaved. Greek

"Hegemone"
Greek That is, the leader or ruler, is the name of one of the Athenian Charites. When the Athenian ephebi took their civic oath, they invoked Hegemone. Hegemone occurs also as a surname of Artemis at Sparta, and in Arcadia. Greek

"Helen"
Greek A daughter of Zeus and Leda, and the sister of Polydeuces and Castor; some traditions called her a daughter of Zeus by Nemesis. She was of surpassing beauty, and is said to have in her youth been carried off by Theseus, in conjunction with Peirithous to Attica. When therefore Theseus was absent in Hades, Polydeuces and Castor (the Dioscuri) undertook an expedition to Attica. Athens was taken, Helena delivered, and Aethra, the mother of Theseus, was taken prisoner, and carried by the Dioscuri, as a slave of Helena, to Sparta. Greek
Goddess name
"Helen"
Helen is frequently alleged, in Homeric tradition, to have been a mortal heroine or a demigoddess Goddess [Greek] associated with the city of Troy. In his Catalogues of Women Hesiod, the Greek contemporary of Homer and author of the definitive Theogony of the Greek pantheon, confounds tradition by making Helen the daughter of ZEUS and Ocean. Other Greek authors contemporary with Hesiod give Helen's mother as NEMESIS, the Greco-Roman goddess of justice and revenge, who was raped by Zeus. The mythology placing Helen as a demigoddess identifies her mother as Leda, the mortal wife of Tyndareus, also seduced by Zeus who fathered POLLUX as Helen's brother. However Hesiod strongly denied these claims. Homeric legend describes Helen's marriage to king Menelaus of Sparta and her subsequent abduction by Paris, said to have been the catalyst for the Trojan war. After her death, mythology generally places her among the stars with the Dioscuri (sons of Zeus), better known as Castor and Pollux, the twins of the Gemini constellation. Helen was revered on the island of Rhodes as the goddess Dendritis.See also DISKOURI....
Nymph name
"Himalia"
Greek A nymph. Zeus was enamoured with her and she produced three sons with him, Spartaios, Kronios, and Kytos. Greek
King name
"Hippocoon"
Greek The eldest, but natural son of Oebalus and Bateia, and a stepĀ­brother of Tyndareus, Icarius and Arene, at Sparta. After his father's death, Hippocoon expelled his brother Tyndareus, in order to secure the kingdom to himself; but Heracles led Tyndareus back and slew Hippocoon and his sons. Greek
King name
"Hyacinthus"
Greek The youngest son of the Spartan king Amyclas and Diomede (Apollodorus iii), but according to others a son of Pierus and Clio, or of Oebalus or Eurotas. He was a youth of extraordinary beauty, and beloved by Thamyris and Apollo, who unintentionally killed him during a game of discus. Greek
God name
"Hyakinthos"
Greek God of vegetation. An ancient pre-Homeric deity known particularly from Amyklai (preDorian seat of kingship at Sparta). He is beloved by APOLLO who perversely kills him with a discus and changes him into a flower. At Amyklai the bronze of Apollo stands upon an altar-like pedestal said to be the grave of Hyakinthos and, prior to sacrifice being made to Apollo, offerings to Hyakinthos were passed through a bronze door in the pedestal....
Hero name
"Hyperenor"
Greek One of the Spartae, or the men that grew up from the dragon's teeth sown by Cadmus, was worshipped as a hero at Thebes. (Apollodorus iii) There are two other mythical personages of this name, one a son of Poseidon and Alcyone (Apollodorus iii), and the other a son of the Trojan Panthous, who was slain by Menelaus. Greek
King name
"Lacedaemon"
Sparta A son of Zeus by Taygete, was married to Sparta, the daughter of Eurotas, by whom he became the father of Amyclas, Eurydice, and Asine. He was king of the country which he called after his own name, Lacedaemon, while he gave to his capital the name of his wife, Sparta.

"Morpho"
Greek Or the-fair shaped, occurs as a surname of Aphrodite at Sparta. She was represented in a sitting posture, with her head covered, and her feet fettered. Greek
King name
"Oebalus"
Greek 1. A son of Cynortes, and husband of Gorgophone, by whom he became the father of Tyndareus, Peirene, and Arene, was king of Sparta. According to others he was a son of Perieres and a grandson of Cynortas, and was married to the nymph Bateia, by whom he had several children (Apollodorus iii). The patronymic Oebalides is not only applied to his descendants, but to the Spartans generally, and hence it occurs as an epithet or surname of Hyacinthus, Castor, Pollux and Helena. 2. A son of Telon by a nymph of the stream Sebethus, near Naples. Telon, originally a king of the Teleboans, had come from the island of Taphos to Capreae, in Italy and Oebalus settled in Campania. (The Aeneid Book VII) Greek
Hero name
"Oeolycus"
Greek A son of Theras of Sparta and brother of Aegeus, was honoured at Sparta with an heroum. Greek
Goddess name
"Orthia"
Sparta a locally worshipped mother goddess of later syncretized with the more widely accepted maternal deities such as Kybele
Goddess name
"Orthia"
Sparta Mother goddess. Locally worshiped and probably soon syncretized with the more widely recognized maternal deities of Asia Minor such as KYBELE....

"Penelope"
Greek A daughter of Icarius and Periboea of Sparta. According to Didymus, Penelope was originally called Ameirace, Arnacia, or Arnaea, and Nauplius or her own parents are said to have cast her into the sea where she was fed by sea-birds from which she derived her name. Greek
God name
"Polydeukes"
Greek horse god. One of the Dioskouroi twins; the other is Kastor. According to tradition, they are together associated with a Spartan cult whence they originated. The pair probably derive from the Indo-European model of the ASVINS in Vedic mythology. Kastor is mortal while Polydeukes is immortal. Thus, during battle, Kastor is mortally wounded but, even in death, the two brothers remain inseparable. They rescue individuals from distress and danger, particularly at sea, and are thought to be embodied in the electrical discharges known as St. Elmo's Fire. Also Castor and POLLUX (Roman)....

"Sparta"
Greek A daughter of Eurotas by Clete, and wife of Lacedaemon, by whom she became the mother of Amyclas and Eurydice. From her the city of Sparta was believed to have derived its name. Greek
Nymph name
"Spartaeus"
Greek A son of Zeus by the Rhodian nymph Himalia. Brother to Cronius, and Cytus.
Goddess name
"Taurica"
Greece the Taurian goddess, commonly called Artemis. Her image was believed to have been carried from Tauris by Orestes and Iphigenia, and to have been conveyed to Brauron, Sparta, or Aricia. The worship of this Taurian goddess, who was identified with Artemis and Iphigenia, was carried on with orgiastic rites and human sacrifices, and seems to have been very ancient in Greece.

"Theras"
Greek A son of Autesion, grandson of Tisamenus, who led Lacedaemonians and Minyans of Lemnos (i. e. descendants of the Argonauts by Lemnian women) from Sparta to the island of Thera, which had before been called Callisto, but was now named after him Thera. Greek
God name
"Thero"
Sparta 1. The nurse of Ares, from whom he was believed to have received the surname of Thereitas, though Pausanias thinks that this name arose from the fierceness of the god. A sanctuary of Ares Thereitas stood on the road from Sparta to Therapne, with a statue which the Dioscuri were said to have brought from Colchis.