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God Name and Meaning

List of Gods : "Greco Roman"   (31 records)

NameOriginDescription
God name
"Aeacos"
Greco - Roman Chthonic underworld god. One of three judges of Hades assessing the souls of the dead entering the underworld (see also MINOS and RHADAMANTHOS). Identified by Plato as the son of ZEUS and Aigina. In the Theogony (Hesiod), Aeacos is also the consort of Psamathe and father of Phocos. Also Aiakos....
Deities name
"Aether"
Greco - Roman Primordial god of light. A remote cosmic deity, the son of EREBOS (darkness) and NYX (night) who overthrew these archetypal deities of chaos. In Hesiod's Epic Cycle he is also described as the father of OURANOS....
Spirit name
"Agathos Daimon (good demon)"
Greco - Roman God of fortune. Known locally from Alexandria and depicted in the form of a snake. May have originated as an androgynous fertility spirit, but later becomes identified as the consort of Agathe Tyche (see TYCHE). Libations were made regularly to this deity after meals and he was regarded as a friendly household guardian....
Deities name
"Agnostos Theos"
Greco - Roman The unknown god(s) usually addressed in the plural form. They were the subject of altar inscriptions, particularly in Athens, probably out of concern lest certain less popular deities be neglected or forgotten....
Deity name
"Erebos"
Greco - Roman Primordial deity. Engendered by chaos and NYX, he formed an incestuous liaison with his mother to create the first elements of the cosmos, AETHER (light) and Hemera (day), in preHomeric mythology....
God name
"Euros"
Greco - Roman God of the east winds. One of the sons of EOS. Particularly known from Sparta and later Romanized as Eurus....
Spirit name
"Hamadryades"
Greco - Roman Animistic tree spirits. Vaguely defined female beings whose existence is restricted to the individual trees of which they are guardians....
Goddess name
"Harmonia"
Greco - Roman Goddess of joining. Daughter of ARES (MARS) and APHRODITE (VENUS) or Cytherea. The consort of Cadmus and mother of Ino, SEMELE, Agave, Autonoe and Polydorus. She is the apotheosis of harmony in life which is also displayed in musical euphony. Also Hermione....
God name
"Himerus"
Greco - Roman God of desire. Member of the Olympian pantheon and attendant on APHRODITE (VENUS)....
God name
"Hyesistos"
Greco - Roman Local tutelary god. Known from the region of the Bosphorus circa 150 BC until AD 250. As late as the fourth century AD there are mentions in texts of bypsistarii in Cappadocia, who seem to have been unorthodox, Greek-speaking, Jewish fringe sectarians. The word bypsistos occurs in the Septuagint version of the Vetus Testamentum and means “almighty.”...
God name
"Hymeiaios"
Greco - Roman God of marriage. Member of the Olympian pantheon and attendant on APHRODITE (VENUS). Depicted with wings and carrying a torch, and invoked at the wedding ceremony....
Goddess name
"Iunones"
Greco - Roman Goddesses of femininity. Generally depicted as a trio of MATRES. A shrine at Saintes Maries on the Rhone delta was originally dedicated to the Iunones Augustae....
Goddess name
"Leukothea"
Greco - Roman Sea goddess. Popular around the coasts of the Mediterranean with fishing communities. A mermaid who was originally Ino, a mortal daughter of Kadmos. She was wet nurse to DIONYSOS (BACCHUS), but became mad and threw herself in the sea with her son Melikertes. In another version of the story she was escaping the wrath of Athamas, king of Thebes. The gods elevated her to the status of goddess and her son became the god PALAEMON....
Goddess name
"Maia"
Greco - Roman Chthonic or earth goddess. Originally, in pre-Homeric times, a mountain spirit who subsequently became a minor consort of ZEUS. The Romans worshiped her as an obscure goddess of the plains who became briefly a consort of JUPITER, and they perceived her as the mother of the messenger god Mercury. Her cult was associated with that of VulcanUS. Possibly the origin of the name of the month of May.See also MERCURIUS....
God name
"Minos"
Greco - Roman Minor underworld god. A son of Zeus and Europa. The mythical king of Crete. One of three judges of the dead souls entering Hades. His cult is linked with the worship of bulls....
God name
"Mithras"
Greco - Roman God of soldiers. Derived from the Indian-Persian model. He became particularly prominent among military people throughout the Roman Empire during the first and second centuries AD, as a god symbolizing loyalty and truth. The cult was performed in an underground temple, the mitbraeum, and involved the sacrifice of a bull. Mithraism, under Roman influence, was an exclusively male cult....
Spirit name
"Naiades"
Greco - Roman Animistic water spirits. Female personalities assigned the guardianship of fresh waters by the great gods, and invoked locally at sacred pools and springs. They were also regarded as minor patrons of music and poetry....
Spirit name
"Napaeae"
Greco - Roman Animistic spirits of valleys. Female personalities assigned the guardianship of fertile green valleys by the great gods and invoked locally in small country shrines....
Goddess name
"Nemesis"
Greco - Roman Goddess of justice and revenge. The dreaded deity who, with the Furies, is responsible for transporting the souls of the guilty to Tartarus. She is also described as the deification of indignation. Her presence may be symbolized by the fabulous winged griffon. Her cult was predominantly at Rhamnus (Attica), where a magnificent temple was built in her honor in the fifth century BC, and in Smyrna. She also had a temple at Iconium in Asia Minor. According to legend, ZEUS raped her and she bore HELEN in consequence. In certain respects she provides a parallel with the goddess ERINYS. Her cult became one of morality....
Spirit name
"Nereides"
Greco - Roman Animistic spirits of the sea. Female personalities, the best known of whom is AMPHITRITE, assigned the guardianship of the oceans by the great gods and invoked by seafarers. Also attendants of the god POSEIDON....
Goddess name
"Nike"
Greco - Roman Goddess of victory. Depicted as a winged messenger bringing the laurel wreath to the victor of battle. Though of Greek origin, appearing in the Theogony of Hesiod, she was adopted by the Romans and worshiped extensively throughout Asia Minor, including Sardis. In some depictions the goddess ATHENA carries NIKE as a small winged figure. Also VICTORIA (Roman)....
Goddess name
"Okeanides"
Greco - Roman Sea deities. Minor goddesses assigned the guardianship of oceans by the great gods and invoked by seafarers. In alternative tradition, they are river gods, the sons of OKEANOS....
Goddess name
"Ops"
Greco - Roman Goddess of harvests. Honored in an annual festival on August 25. She is also concerned with regulating the proper growth of seeds. A sanctuary is dedicated to her in the Regia in Rome....
God name
"Palaemon"
Greco - Roman Minor sea god. Originally Melikertes, the son of Ino, Palaemon was deified by the gods when his mother hurled herself from a cliff with her son in her arms. According to versions of the legend she was either insane or escaping the wrath of Athanas, king of Thebes....
Goddess name
"Parcae"
Greco - Roman Goddesses of fate. Originally a pair of birth goddesses, DECIMA and NONA, later joined by a goddess of death, MORTA....
God name
"Priapos"
Greco - Roman / Phrygian Fertility god. The son of DIONYSOS and APHRODITE, he was also a guardian of mariners. Priapos was not regarded as a significant deity in Greece until very late times—during the Macedonian period, circa fourth to second century BC—and was only locally popular during the Roman Empire period. He is particularly known from Phrygia and is depicted as a satyr-like creature with pronounced genitals....
Goddess name
"Rhadamanthos"
Greco - Roman Minor chthonic underworld god. One of three judges attending the goddess of justice THEMIS evaluating the souls of the dead entering Hades....
God name
"Satyr"
Greco - Roman Woodland god. Generic term for an assortment of Divine beings with a human torso and the legs, hair and horns of a goat. They include the god PAN and the demigod Silenus who raised the adolescent BACCHUS....
Goddess name
"Semele (earth)"
Greco - Roman but probably of Thracian or Phrygian origin Mother goddess. According to legend she was the mortal daughter of Cadmos and became the mother of the god DIONYSOS (BACCHUS) after a brief liaison with ZEUS (JUPITER), also in mortal guise. Semele was burned to death on Olympus, unable to withstand the presence of Zeus in godly form, but was subsequently deified by him....
Goddess name
"Themis"
Greco - Roman Goddess of justice and order. A daughter of the sky god OURANOS and earth mother GAIA, though not classed as one of the Titans. A consort of ZEUS and the mother of the Horae and Moires. She is the impartial deity who sits blindfolded in Hades and judges the souls of the dead to determine whether they will pass to the Elysian fields or to the fires of Tartarus. Attended by three lesser judgment deities, AEACOS, MINOS and RHADAMANTHOS. The guilty are handed over to the Furies—the Dirae, Erinyes or Eumenides. At Rhamnus in Attica, Themis was accorded a sanctuary built in the sixth century BC beside which that of NEMESIS, goddess of indignation, was built in the fifth century....
Goddess name
"Tyche"
Greco - Roman Goddess of fortune. She appears as a nereid in the Hymn to Demeter (Homer). According to Hesiod's Theogony she is the daughter of OKEANOS. Elsewhere she is identified as the daughter of ZEUS and HERA. She is depicted carrying a rudder or, alternatively, cornucopiae. Also mentioned as Agathe Tyche, the consort of Agathos Daemon. She became widely identified with the Asian mother goddess KYBELE but was replaced, in Roman times, by the goddess FORTUNA and associated symbolically with a wheel device. She retained popularity for a long time. There is a record that the Emperor Julian sacrificed to Tyche at Antioch in AD 361-2 and her temple was still intact during the reign of Theodosius (379-95)....