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God Name and Meaning

List of Gods   : "Vedic"

NameOriginDescription
Goddess name "Aditi (the free one)" Hindu / Vedic Archaic mother goddess. According to the Rg Veda Aditi is said to be the wife of KASYAPA or of BRAHMA and mother of the ADITYAS, a group of minor gods including MITRA, ARYAMAN, BHAGA, VARUNA, DAKSA and Anisa. No other consort is mentioned in the literature. She is also accounted as the mother of HARI. Other legends account her as the mother of the Rain god INDRA. No human physical features are drawn, though she is sometimes identified in the guise of a cow. Aditi is also perceived as a guardian goddess who brings prosperity and who can free her devotees from problems and clear away obstacles. She disappears largely from later Hindu traditions....
Goddess name "Aditya (descendant of Aditi)" Hindu / Vedic / Puranic Collective name for Sun gods. These numbered six in Vedic times but later increased to twelve. The sons of the primordial goddess ADITI. Also an epithet for SURYA. Attributes: two or more lotuses....
God name "Agni Hindu" Vedic God of fire and guardian of homes. Vedic
Demon name "Ahi" Hindu A serpent aka Vritra, the Vedic demon of drought. Hindu
God name "Apam Napat" Hindu / Persia / Vedic Child of the waters. One of the Ahuras in Old Iranian religion, a beneficent god who is the giver of water to man. Hindu / Persia / Vedic
Nymph name "Apsaras" Hindu / Vedic The thirty-five million nymphs of Indra's heaven. The daughters of pleasure are fairy-like beings, beautiful and voluptuous, who lure heroes and sages from their devotions. Hindu / Vedic
Deities name "Apsaras" Hindu / Vedic water spirits. Identified as musicians and protective deities of gamblers bringing good fortune. They may also bring insanity....
Goddess name "Aranyani" Hindu / Vedic Minor goddess of woodlands. Hindu / Vedic
Goddess name "Aranyani" Hindu / Vedic Minor goddess of woodlands. Possibly having evolved from a primitive animistic guardian spirit of animals, Aranyani is an elusive, rarely seen, deity who is recognized in the sounds of the trees, particularly at dusk. She is a benign figure, sweet-scented and unwilling to destroy unless severely provoked....
Hero name "Arjuna" Hindu / Vedic One of the heroes of the Hindu epic Mahabharata. His name means 'bright', 'shining', or 'silver'. Hindu / Vedic
God name "Arjuna (silvery)" Hindu / Vedic, Epic / Puranic Heroic god. Arjuna appears in the Mahabharata epic. One of the princely sons of the mythical Pandu family, his father is INDRA. He generally appears with the warrior god BHIMA. Allegedly responsible for requesting VIS'NU to take his VISVARUPA form but also identified as a minor incarnation or avatara of Vis'nu. Attributes: usually depicted bearing a bow received from AGNI the fire god, but may also appear carrying a sword and shield. Also NARA....
Deities name "Aryaman" Hindu One of the early Vedic deities (devas). His name literally means a bosom friend, but is often confused as "the protector of the Aryans" Hindu / Vedic
Goddess name "Aryaman (companion)" Hindu / Vedic / Puranic Minor Sun god. In Vedic times, the god of formal hospitality. One of six ADITYA sons of the goddess ADITI. Attributes: club, two lotuses and prayer wheel....
Demon name "Asuras" Hindu / Vedic A group of power-seeking deities, sometimes referred to as demons. They were opposed to the devas. Hindu / Vedic
Demon name "Asuras" Hindu / Vedic sky gods. Identified in the opening of the Rg Veda, they become demonic in later Hinduism, the antagonists of the DEVA gods....
Goddess name "Asvins" Hindu / Vedic Divine twin horsemen in the Rigveda, sons of Saranya, a goddess of the clouds and wife of either Surya in his form as Vivasvat. Hindu / Vedic
God name "Asvins" Hindu / Vedic Physician gods. Twin gods owning horses, the sons of VIVASVAN and SARANYU. Depicted in a chariot drawn by horses or birds. Attributes: Book, vessel with herbs and water jar....
Goddess name "Balarama (strength of Rama)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Incarnation of the god VIS'NU. May have originated in Vedic times as an agricultural fertility deity. He is the son of VASUDEVA and DEVAKI, though born from the womb of ROHINI. Jointly with KRSNA (his brother), he is identified as the eighth avatara (incarnation) of Vis'nu, or, with RAMA, as the seventh. Legend describes how Vis'nu impregnated the belly of the goddess Devaki with two hairs, one black, one white. To ensure their safety against a demon king, they were transferred before birth to Rohini. Krsna grew to be dark-skinned, and Balarama light. The latter enjoys similar characteristics to Krsna but fails to attract the same popularity. He is usually depicted on the right side of Krsna, rarely standing alone. The consort of Balarama is REVATI and his sons are Nisatha and Ulmuka. Epithets included Ananda (joy). In Jainism he is known as Baladeva. Attributes: arrow, club, drinking cup, fan palm, honey pot, lotus, pestle, pitcher, plough, prayer wheel, shield and sword....
Goddess name "Bhaga (the dispenser of fortune)" Hindu / Vedic / Puranic Minor Sun god. In Vedic times, the incarnation of women's good fortune in marriage. One of six ADITYAS, sons of the goddess ADITI. Consort: SIDDHI. Attributes: two lotuses, prayer wheel and trident....
Goddess name "Bharati" Hindu / Vedic / Epic Is the first of the three great goddesses of Hinduism, the other two being Lakshmi and Durga. Saraswati is the consort of Lord Brahma, the Creator. Hindu / Vedic / Epic
Goddess name "Bharati" Hindu / Vedic, Epic / Puranic Minor goddess of sacrifices. She is invoked to appear on the sacrificial field before a ritual. Usually associated with the goddess SARASVATI. Also regarded as a consort of GANESA....
God name "Bhumiya" Hindu / Puranic / Vedic A fertility god who was eventually identified as a form of Vishnu. Hindu / Puranic / Vedic
God name "Bhumiya (guardian of fields)" Hindu / Vedic / Puranic / northern India Fertility god. Guardian deity of fields, worshiped as a rough stone icon. In later times a form of VIS NU....
Goddess name "Brhaspati (lord of prayer)" Hindu / Vedic, Epic / Puranic Astral god. The personification of the planet Jupiter. In Vedic texts he appears as a priest. The son of Angiras and the guru of the later Hindu pantheon. Considered to be almost identical with BRAHMA. His consort is the goddess TARA and his son is Kaca. He rides in a chariot drawn by eight horses. Color: golden yellow. Attributes: arrow, ax (golden), Book, bow, rosary, staff and water jar....
God name "Budha" Hindu / Vedic / Epic / Puranic / Buddhist An astral god
Planet name "Budha (awakening)" Hindu / Vedic, Epic / Puranic (1) Astral god. The personification of the planet Mercury. The son of SOMA (CANDRA) and TARA or ROHINI. Depicted in a chariot drawn by eight horses or lions (sometimes a single lion). Color: yellow. Attributes: bow, club, rosary, shield and sword. Also Candraja and Candrasuta. 2. Astral god. Buddhist. The personification of the planet Mercury. Stands on a lotus. Attributes: bow and arrow....
God name "Chandra" Vedic God of the moon Vedic
God name "Daksa (skilled and able)" Hindu / Vedic / Puranic Sun god. The son of BRAHMA and ADITI, he is an ADITYA and demiurge. His consort is PRASUTI, and he is said to have had up to sixty daughters. He appears in conflict with his son-in-law SIVA as the main offender against Siva's consort SATI (accounted as one of his daughters), who was so insulted by Daksa that she committed suicide by jumping into a ritual fire. Siva took revenge by decapitating Daksa but later, after intercession from other gods, Brahma brought him back to life, giving him the substitute head of a sacrificial goat. Attribute: head of a goat. Also PRAJAPATI....
Goddess name "Danu" Hindu Primordial goddess Hindu / Vedic
God name "Deva" Hindu / Puranic / Vedic Generic name of a god. Hindu / Puranic / Vedic
Deities name "Deva (the god)" Hindu / Vedic / Puranic Generic name of a god. Originally, in the Rg Veda, thirty or thirty-three devas are indicated, divided into three groups of eleven. In later Hinduism, the term deva is generally applied to deities not included in the chief triad of BRAHMA, VISNU and SIVA....
God name "Dhanvantari" Hindu / Puranic / Vedic / Epic God of the Sun who later became an avatar of the god Visnu. Hindu / Puranic / Vedic / Epic
God name "Dhanvantari (traveling through an arc)" Hindu / Vedic, Epic / Puranic Sun god. In later tradition a minor incarnation or avatara of the god VISNU, also closely associated with Medicine. In Vedic mythology Dhanvantari carried the ambrosia created from the primeval ocean of milk. He brought medical science to mankind. Only as the religion evolved did he become identified as an avatara. As KANTATMAN (PRADYUMNA), he is thought to be Kama reincarnated after his death at the hands of SIVA. Various other epithets and existences are attributed to this deity. Offerings are due to him at dusk in the northeastern quarter. He is the guardian deity of hospitals which are usually in the vicinity of a sanctuary of Vis”nu. Attributes: two bowls containing ambrosia. Also Kantatman....
Goddess name "Dhatar (creator)" Hindu / Puranic Sun god. An original Vedic list of six descendants of the goddess ADITI or Adityas, all of whom take the role of Sun gods was, in later times, enlarged to twelve, including Dhatar. Color: golden. Attributes: two lotuses, lotus rosary and waterjar. Also Dhatr....
Goddess name "Dhisana" Hindu / Vedic Minor goddess of prosperity. Associated with the acquisition of wealth. Also the name given to a bowl of fermented drink or soma....
Goddess name "Diti" Hindu / Vedic, Epic / Puranic Goddess. The daughter of DAKSA, a consort of ADITI (in the Rg Veda) or KASYAPA and the mother of a race of demons. Attributes: blue lotus, child and fruit.See also Aditi....
God name "Dyaus" Vedic Dyaus-pitri. Denotes heaven or the father of the gods. Vedic
God name "Dyaus Pitar" Hindu / India / Vedic Creator god. Hindu / India / Vedic
God name "Gardua" Hindu Archaic Sun god Hindu / Vedic
Demon name "Garuda (the devourer)" Hindu / Vedic Archaic Sun god and Divine vehicle. Originally depicted as a solar deity, Garuda evolved into a bird-like human hybrid who became the deified mount of VIS'NU. Also a chief adversary of nagas (snake-like demons), which he devours. In early depictions Garuda has a parrot's beak. Said to have been born from an egg, the son of Vinata and KASYAPA. Epithets include Amrtaharana, Garutman, Tarksya. Attributes: conch, club, lotus and nectar, but may also bear the attributes of Vis'nu.(2) Mount or vahana of VAJRAPANI. Buddhist. Attributes: flower, horse-head, noose, skin and staff. Three-eyed and three-headed....
Goddess name "Gauri (whitish brilliant)" Hindu / Vedic / Puranic (1) Goddess. Consort of the god VARUNA, said to have been created at the churning of the ocean of milk. An epithet of PARVATI as a goddess of the corn. Also a SAKTI of Mahesvara, a minor aspect of S IVA. Her attendant animal is a lion or a wolf. Attributes: fish, Forest garland, image of GANESA, lotus, mirror, rosary, trident and water jar. Three-eyed. Also Varuni.(2) Goddess. Buddhist. One of eight GAURIS of terrible appearance. Attributes: head and noose.(3) Messenger goddess. Jain [India]. A SASANADEVATA. Also one of sixteen VIDYADEVIS or goddesses of learning headed by SARASVATI. Color: white. Attribute: a hook....
Goddess name "Gav" Vedic earth goddess and the Cosmic cow. Vedic
Demon name "Hiranyagarbha" Hindu Creator god identified in the Rig Veda, the demon king who proclaimed himself king of the universe Hindu / Vedic
God name "Hiranyagarbha (golden egg)" Hindu / Vedic Creator god. Identified in the opening of the Rg Veda, as the god of the golden seed emerging from the cosmic egg. The halves of the shell become sky and earth, and the yolk becomes the Sun. The embryo impregnates the primordial waters....
Goddess name "Hotr(a) (invoker)" Hindu / Vedic Minor goddess of sacrifices. She is invoked to appear on the sacrificial field before a ritual and is particularly identified with the act of prayer. Usually associated with the goddess SARASVATI....
Goddess name "Hotr[a]" Hindu / Vedic A minor goddess of sacrifices
Goddess name "Hotra" Hindu Minor goddess of sacrifices Hindu / Vedic
God name "Iksvaku" Hindu / Vedic Creator god. One of the ancestral dynasty of Sun gods or ADITI....
God name "Ikvaku" Hindu / Vedic An ancestral Sun god, that creator god
Goddess name "Ila" Hindu Minor goddess of sacrifices Hindu / Vedic
Goddess name "Ila" Hindu / Vedic Minor god(dess) of sacrifices. She is invoked to appear on the sacrificial field before a ritual. Usually associated with the goddess SARASVATI, Ila is linked with the sacred cow and her epithets include “butter-handed” and “butter-footed.”...
Goddess name "Indrani" Hindu / Vedic / Puranic Goddess of wrath. Daughter of Puloman, a demonic figure killed by the god INDRA, and the SAKTI and consort of Indra. One of seven MATARAS (mothers) who in later Hinduism became regarded as of evil intent. Also one of a group of eight ASTAMATARAS personifying jealousy (also named Aindri in this capacity). In another grouping one of nine NAVASAKTIS or astral deities who, in southern India, rank higher than the SAPTAMATARAS. Her attendant animal is either an elephant or a lion. Attributes: hook, rosary, Santana flower, staff and waterjar. One thousand-eyed. Also Aindri; Mahendri; Paulomi; Saci; Sujata....
God name "Jayanta (victorious)" Hindu / Vedic / Puranic God. One of the sons of INDRA, and one of the eleven EKADASARUDRAS or forms of the god RUDRA. Attributes: arrow, ax, bow, club, cup, drum, hammer, hook, prayer wheel, rosary, spear, trident and waterjar....
Planet name "Jupiter" Roman Jupiter is, properly speaking, a derivation of Jove and pater (Latin for father) The name of the god was also adopted as the name of the planet Jupiter, and was the original namesake of the weekday that would come to be known in English as Thursday (the etymological root can be seen in French jeudi, from Jovis Dies). The Indo-European deity who also evolved into the Germanic Tiwaz (after whom Tuesday was named), the Greek Zeus, and Dyaus Pita of the Vedic religion. Jove is a vocative form of the name, evolved from Dyeus. Roman
God name "Kala" Hindu / Vedic / Puranic God of death. An epithet of YAMA and occasionally of S IVA. Also the personification of time in the Atbarvaveda....
"Kali" India 'The black.' In Vedic days this name was associated with Agni (fire), who has seven flickering tongues of flame for devouring oblations of butter. Of these seven, Kali was the black or terrific tongue. India
Deities name "Kalki(n) (with white horse)" Hindu / Vedic, Epic / Puranic horse god. Possibly the tenth avatara of VIS'NU. He rewards the good and punishes evil. The counterpart of the Buddhist deity MAITREYA. horses became associated with Divine kingship in ancient India because of their speed of movement. Solar deities were perceived to ride horses across the sky and horse sacrifice became highly significant. Kalki is depicted either anthropomorphically or with the head of a horse and has four arms. He is attended by a white horse. Attributes: arrow, conch, prayer wheel, shield and sword. Also Vis'nuyasas....
God name "Kalki[n]" Hindu / Vedic / Puranic / Epic This god will be the 10th avatar of Visnu that rewards good & punishes people
"Kasyapa" Hindu Having assumed the form of a tortoise, Prajapati created offspring. That which he created he made; hence the word kurma (tortoise). Kasyapa means tortoise; hence men say, 'All creatures are descendants of Kasyapa.' This tortoise is the same as Aditya. Hindu / Puranic / Vedic
Demon name "Kasyapa (deriving from the Sanskrit for “tortoise”)" Hindu / Vedic / Puranic Primordial god. In Vedic literature a Divine demiurge and father of mankind, snake demons, DEVAS etc. His name stems, arguably, from the notion of the cosmos as a giant tortoise. He has had thirteen consorts. In other texts he is the father of the god NARADA who consorted with one of the daughters of DAKSA. Also PRAJAPATI....
Goddess name "Khasa" Hindu Minor goddess who controls the spirits of Forests Hindu / Vedic
Goddess name "Khasa (itch)" Hindu / Vedic Minor goddess. Daughter of DAKSA, consort of KASYAPA and a deity controlling spirits of Forests....
God name "Kubera" Hindu / Puranic / Vedic / Epic He is the guardian of the north as well as a god of riches
Spirit name "Kubera (misshapen)" Hindu / Vedic, Epic / Puranic (1) God of riches. He was originally the head of the YAKSAS spirits of the Forests, but by Puranic times was associated with wealth and productivity. He is also a dikpala guardian of the northern quarter. The son of Pulastya and Idavida, his consorts include Yaksi, VASUDHARA and Vriddhi. Identified with the city of Alaka. He is depicted as a dwarfish figure riding upon a Brahman or a chariot. Color: white. Attributes: generally carrying a purse, but occasionally with various other items. Also Kuvera, Kauveri.(2) God of riches. Buddhist-Lamaist [Tibet]. One of a group of DHARMAPALA with terrible appearance and royal attire. Also a dikpala or guardian of the northern quarter. Color: yellow. Attributes: ax, banner, club, cup, hook, Ichneumon disgorging jewels, noose, reliquary and occasionally a trident....
Deities name "Laukika-Devatas" Hindu Generic name for a group of deities. Gods known from local folklore as distinct from those of the Vedic texts....
Goddess name "Mahi" Hindu Minor goddess of sacrifice Hindu / Vedic
Goddess name "Mahi (earth)" Hindu / Vedic Minor goddess of sacrifice. She is invoked to appear on the sacrificial field before a ritual, and is identified with the act of prayer. Usually associated with the goddess SARASVATI....
God name "Manm" Hindu / Vedic Primordial creator god. The son(s) of SURYA. The name given to the fourteen original progenitors of mankind during the mythical or heroic ages. According to tradition, the consort of Manu is Ida, who was engendered from milk and butter offered to S IVA as a propitiation....
God name "Manu" Hindu Primordial creator god Hindu / Vedic
God name "Marutgana" Hindu / Vedic storm gods. The sons of RUDRA and attendants of INDRA. Also Maruts....
God name "Marutgana/ Maruts" Hindu / Vedic storm gods
God name "Matarisvan" Hindu / Vedic Minor messenger god. The attendant of AGNI....
God name "Mitra" Hindu Minor Sun god of light and wisdom Hindu / Puranic / Vedic
God name "Mitra (friend)" Hindu / Vedic / Puranic Minor Sun god. An Aditya, one of six descendants of ADITI, he was originally associated with VARUNA (Vedic), ruling the day while Varuna ruled the night. It is from this model that first MITHRA (Persian) and then MITHRAS (Roman) were derived. He is also the god of intimate friendship. Attributes: two lotuses, trident and a sacrificial drink or soma....
Deity name "Narada (giver of advice)" Hindu / Vedic, Epic / Puranic Minor but popular deity. Narada is depicted as a sage who is also a messenger and teacher. Born from the head, or throat, of BRAHMA, and alternatively a minor incarnation of V IS'NU. In various roles he is a guardian deity of women, a musician and a wanderer. Narada, often bearded, is generally depicted standing with the musical instrument which is his invention, the vina (lute). By contrast to his benign nature he is also described as a “maker of strife” and as “vile.” Also Kali-karaka; Pisuna....
Goddess name "Nirriti" Hindu / Vedic A goddess of corruption, decay, disease, healing & of destruction of evil
Goddess name "Nirriti" Hindu / Vedic One of the Guardians of the directions, representing the southwest. She was originally a goddess of death, connected with Devi, who later became the male Guardian. The gender shift also involved a union with Nirrta, the masculine aspect of the female Nirrti. Hindu / Vedic
Goddess name "Nirrti (destruction)" Hindu / Vedic / Puranic (1) Destructive goddess of darkness. Known chiefly from the Rg-veda, Nirrti has a generally malignant aspect and is associated with pain, misfortune and death. She is believed to live in the south (the land of the dead). She is dark-skinned, wears dark dress and receives the “dark husks” of sacrifice. She is feared by many Hindus, whose offerings are frequent and repeated. In later Hinduism, Nirrti changes sex and becomes a dikpala god of terrifying appearance, guarding the southwestern quarter; he has various consorts including Davi, Kalika and Krsnangi. He stands upon a lion, a man or a corpse. Attributes: javelin, shield, staff, sword and teeth.(2) God. Buddhist. A dikpala or guardian. Color: blue. Stands upon a corpse. Attributes: shield and sword....
Goddess name "Parendi" Hindu / Vedic Minor goddess of prosperity. Associated with the acquisition of wealth....
God name "Parjanya (rain giver)" Hindu / Vedic God of Rain. Became replaced by, or syncretized with, INDRA in later Hinduism, but in the Vedas he is seen as a god of gentle, fructifying Rain. May be regarded as an ADITYA....
God name "Polydeukes" Greek horse god. One of the Dioskouroi twins; the other is Kastor. According to tradition, they are together associated with a Spartan cult whence they originated. The pair probably derive from the Indo-European model of the ASVINS in Vedic mythology. Kastor is mortal while Polydeukes is immortal. Thus, during battle, Kastor is mortally wounded but, even in death, the two brothers remain inseparable. They rescue individuals from distress and danger, particularly at sea, and are thought to be embodied in the electrical discharges known as St. Elmo's Fire. Also Castor and POLLUX (Roman)....
"Prajapati" Hindu Primordial being Hindu / Puranic / Vedic / Epic
God name "Prajapati (lord of creatures)" Hindu / Vedic, Epic / Puranic Primordial being. In the Vedic legends he is described variously as the creator of the world and the creator of heaven and earth. He is an androgynous being who impregnated himself by fusing elements of mind and speech. In later epics he is the guardian deity of the sexual organ. Prajapati is also a name of the god BRAHMA in later Hinduism....
God name "Prasraya" Vedic Mother of the Gods. Vedic
God name "Prsni" Hindu / Vedic Sutapa and his wife Prsni were instructed by Lord Brahma to have progeny. They performed severe austerities for twelve thousand years of the demigods to have the Lord as their child. Pleased by their austerities the Lord appeared and granted them this benediction. Hindu / Vedic
Goddess name "Prsni" Hindu / Vedic Primordial earth goddess. The socalled “dappled cow” of the Rg Veda. She is also perceived as the brightly colored soma stalk and is linked with a male counterpart, also Prsni, the dappled bull of the Sun....
God name "Prthu" Hindu Creator god, noble king who ruled over India, mentioned in Vedic texts. This deity is head of the solar pantheon and introduced Agriculture to humankind. Hindu
God name "Prthu (broad)" Hindu / Vedic Creator god. The head of the solar pantheon who introduced Agriculture to the human race and who, in later Hinduism, is identified as an avatara of VIS'NU....
Goddess name "Purandhi" Hindu / Vedic Minor goddess of prosperity. Associated with the acquisition of wealth and sometimes identified with Indra or other male deities....
God name "Purusa" Hindu / Vedic Primeval creator god. Described as the primordial being from whom the cosmos was formed, possibly the male component of the great mother, MATA. In later Hinduism regarded as an avatara of VIS'NU....
Goddess name "Pusan (nourisher)" Hindu / Vedic / Puranic Sun god. The original Vedic list of six descendants of the goddess ADITI or ADITYAS, all of whom take the role of Sun gods, was, in later times, enlarged to twelve, including Pusan. He is the charioteer of the Sun and a guardian deity of journeys and pathways. Color: golden. Attributes: four lotuses....
Goddess name "Raka" Hindu / Vedic A minor goddess of prosperity
Goddess name "Raka (1)" Hindu / Vedic Minor goddess of prosperity. ). Associated with the acquisition of wealth....
"Ratri" Hindu / Vedic The personification of night, the darkness and stillness of the night; one of the four bodies of Brahma. Hindu / Vedic
Goddess name "Ratri" Hindu / Vedic Goddess of the night. Ratri is the personification of darkness bedecked with stars. Her sister is USAS, the dawn goddess, who, with Agni the fire god, chases her away. She is perceived as the guardian of eternal law and order in the cosmos and of the waves of time. Ratri is generally regarded as a benign deity who offers rest and renewed vigor, and who may be invoked to ensure safety through the hours of darkness. She deposits the gift of morning dew. However she also offers a bleaker aspect as one who brings gloom and barrenness....
God name "Rbhus (skilful)" Hindu / Vedic Sun gods. Identified in the Rg Veda as the craftsmen of the gods and linked with the Maruts. They are led by INDRA....
God name "Rudra" Blavatsky The father of Vedic storm gods. "To receive a name Rudra is said to have wept for it. Brahma called him Rudra; but he wept seven times more and so obtained seven other names -- of which he uses one during each 'period'" The secret Doctrine, by H. P. Blavatsky
God name "Rudra (howler)" Hindu / Vedic weather god. An early deity, largely superseded by SIVA, who controls the gales and storms. Often linked with the fire god AGNI and the Rain god INDRA. Generally a malignant god, Rudra lives in the mountains and is deemed to be either tall or dwarf, depending on the severity of the storm. He brings death and disease to man and domestic animals through his “thousand shafts,” and is considered to be highly unpredictable....
God name "Sakra (the mighty one)" Buddhist God. The god of the month asvina and an epithet of the Vedic god INDRA....
Goddess name "Sarama (the nimble one)" Hindu / Vedic, Epic / Puranic Attendant goddess. She acts as a messenger to the god INDRA and guards his herds. In later Hindu texts Sarama is reputedly the mother of all dogs and is given the epithet the “bitch of heaven.” The Rg Veda accounts her as having punished the minor deity Panis for stealing cows....
Goddess name "Saranya" Hindu Primordial goddess Hindu / Vedic
Goddess name "Saranyu (the fleet one)" Hindu / Vedic Primordial goddess of uncertain affinities. Saranyu is the daughter of the god TVASTAR, and the sister of VISVARUPA. Her consort is Vivasvat, by whom she is said to be the mother of YAMA and YAMI, the twin progenitors of the human race. Little else is known of her, but she is accounted as having an impetuous nature.See also VIVASVAN....
Goddess name "Sarasvati Hindu," Vedic A goddess of astronomy, science, education, wisdom, eloquence & rivers
God name "Savitar" Hindu / Vedic A god of war & the Sun
Goddess name "Savitar (impeller)" Hindu / Puranic Sun god. The original Vedic list of six descendants of the goddess ADITI or ADITYAS, all of whom take the role of Sun gods was, in later times, enlarged to twelve, including Savitar. The god of the rising and setting Sun. Color: golden. Attributes: club, prayer wheel and two lotuses....
God name "Sesa" Hindu Snake god, he is at the Great serpent who lies in the primeval sea and encircles the world Hindu / Puranic / Vedic / Epic
God name "Sesa(naga) (remainder)" Hindu / Vedic, Epic / Puranic Snake god or naga. The great serpent lying in the primeval sea and encircling the world. The son of KASYAPA and KADRU. A many-headed attendant on VIS'NU who uses the snake as a couch on which to rest between cycles of the universe. Its many hoods overshadow and protect him. Not technically a deity but important enough in literature to be included here. Also Adisesa; ANANTA....
God name "Sesa[naga]" Hindu / Epic / Vedic / Puranic A snake god / Naga, he is at the Great serpent that lies in the primeval sea & encircles the world
God name "Sibika or Sivika" Sanskrit The weapon of Kuvera, the Vedic god of wealth equivalent to the Greek Pluto. Sanskrit
Goddess name "Sindhu" Hindu Goddess of rivers Hindu / Vedic
Goddess name "Sindhu" Hindu / Vedic River goddess. Identified only in the Rg Veda and of unknown source....
Goddess name "Sinivali" Hindu Minor goddess of prosperity Hindu / Vedic
Goddess name "Sinivali" Hindu / Vedic Minor goddess of prosperity. Associated specifically with the boon of children. The mistress of the nuclear family. She is depicted as a matronly lady....
God name "Soma" Scandinavian To drink the Soma. To become immortal. In the Vedic hymns the Soma is the moon-plant, the juice of which confers immortality, and exhilarates even the gods. It is said to be brought down from heaven by a falcon. Scandinavian
"Soma" Vedic A plant, ritual, intoxicating drink and divinity among Vedic and greater Persian cultures.
Deities name "Soma (essence)" Hindu / Vedic, Epic / Puranic Minor god. The deification of the sacred yellow drink soma. Also the consort of SURYA. Regarded in later Hinduism as the dikpala of the northern direction and as one of a group of VASU deities answering to the god INDRA. Attributes: hook, lotus and prayer wheel.See also CANDRA....
God name "Surya" Hindu / Vedic A god of light & war
Goddess name "Surya" Hindu / Vedic, Epic / Puranic Sun goddess. The daughter of the Sun god SURYA. According to legend she was courted by all the gods, but won finally by the twin ASVIN gods with whom she rides in a chariot. Other legends account her consorts to include SOMA and PUSAN. She is the essence of the cosmos. Also Savitr....
God name "Tara" Vedic Soma, the moon, carried Tara off with him, which brought about the great war in heaven between the gods and the asuras. Brahma put an end to the war and had Tara restored to Brihaspati.
Goddess name "Tara (power of hunger)" Hindu / Vedic, Epic / Puranic (1) Goddess. May originally have had astral connotations, since the word can be interpreted as “star.” One of a group of MAHAVIDYAS personifying the SAKTI of SI IVA. She may also be the consort of CANDRA (SOMA). Aspects include Krodharatri. Attributes: knife, skin, skull, snakes and sword. Three-eyed.(2) Goddess. Buddhist (Mahayana and Vajrayana). An epithet of the mother of the BUDDHA, Maya. Also one of a series of female deities, the DHYANIBUDDHASAKTI considered to be aspects of the Sakti of AVALOKITESVARA or of AMOGASHIDDHI. She may also be the Sakti of ADIBIDDHA and of the various DHYANIBUDDHAS, in which case she is characterized by their colors. These Taras thus become “White Tara” and so on.See also BHRKUTI, EKAJATA, KURUKULLA, SITATARA and SYAMATARA. In Tibetan Buddhism she is known as sGrol-ma....
God name "Trayasrinsa" Hindu / Vedic The collective name for the group of Deva gods
Deities name "Trayastrinsa (the thirty-three)" Hindu / Vedic Collective name for the group of deva gods. One of the many lists of deities in Hinduism, this one is contained in the Rg Veda and includes thirty-three names divided into three groups of eleven in each of the three worlds. Subsequently, the DEVAS were separated into eight VASUS, twelve ADITYAS, eleven RUDRAS and two ASVINS. In later Hinduism the number thirty-three is increased hyperbolically to 330 million and deva refers to gods excluding the major triad of BRAHMA, V ISNU and SIVA....
God name "Trita (Aptya)" Hindu / Vedic God(dess). Known from the Rg Veda. An obscure form of Indra with strong water attributes. Also Aptya....
God name "Tvastar" Hindu / Vedic A creator god
God name "Tvastar (carpenter)" Hindu / Vedic Creator god. The “divine builder” who fashions living creatures on earth. The Hindu equivalent of the Roman god VulcanUS. An ADITYA or Sun god and the father of SARANYU. Attributes: homajakalika (an uncertain fire device), ladle and two lotuses. Also Tastar; Tvashtri; VISVAKARMAN....
Goddess name "Usas" Hindu / Vedic Goddess of the dawn. The daughter of Dyaus and, according to some texts, the consort of the Sun god SURYA. An auspicious deity, Usas brings the dawn, heralding Surya, and drives away darkness. She is the all-seeing eye of the gods. In the Rg Veda she is depicted as a beautiful young virginal figure who rides in a hundred chariots. She sets all things in motion and can render strength and fame to her devotees. In addition to being perceived as a sky goddess, she is also drawn as a mother goddess in the guise of a cow. Epithets include “mother of the gods” and “mother of cows.” She is invoked to give the boon of longevity, but a more malignant aspect reveals her as a huntress who wastes human life. Usas sometimes enjoys a domestic worship as a guardian hearth goddess who drives away darkness and evil spirits. She disappears, however, from the later traditions of Hinduism....
Goddess name "Ushas" Sanskrit Sanskrit for "dawn", is a Vedic deity. She is the chief goddess, sometimes imagined as several goddesses, Dawns, exalted in the Rig Veda. She is portrayed as a beautifully adorned, sexually attractive young woman riding in a chariot. She is the daughter of Dyaus "Heaven".
Goddess name "Vac (speech)" Hindu / Vedic Goddess of the spoken word. In some texts she is a daughter of DAKSA and consort of KASYAPA. Alternatively she is the daughter of Ambhrna. Also known by the epithet “queen of the gods,” Vac is the personification of the phenomenon of speech and oral communication. She gives the boon of hearing, speech and sight and she can lead a man to become a Brahman. She also personifies truth and sustains soma—the liquid essence of vision and immortality. She is said to have created the four Vedas, the basis of the earliest Hindu mythology....
Deities name "Vasu(s) (excellent)" Hindu / Vedic Generic title for a group of gods. Eight deities attendant on the Vedic weather god INDRA, comprising day, dawn, fire, moon, pole star, Sun, water and wind. Generally carrying a rosary and with a SAKTI....
God name "Vata" Hindu / Vedic / / Persian / Iran God of wind. The name appears in the Rg Veda as a deity of violent personality. According to Asvestan tradition the god of victory, VERETHRAGNA, appeared to Zarathustra in the guise of Vata....
"Vayu" Vedic Personification of the wind. Vedic
Goddess name "Viraj" Hindu / Vedic Primordial goddess. Identified as the active female creative principle in the Rg Veda....
Goddess name "Visvakarman (arcbitect of tbe universe)" Hindu / Vedic Poorly defined creator god. Similar to DYAUS PITAR, he is described as the artist of the gods who may be linked or identified with TVASTAR. He evolved, as the son of PRABHASA and Yogasiddha, into an occasional consort of the mother goddess SARASVATI....
God name "Visvarupa" Hindu Lesser known incarnation of the god VISNU. In Vedic literature he is identified as the son of TVASTAR. Visnu took the avatara at the request of ARJUNA. His animal is GARUDA. Attributes: many. Also Viratapurusa....
Goddess name "Vivasvan (shining)" Hindu / Vedic / Puranic Sun god. The original Vedic list of six descendants of the goddess ADITI or ADITYAS, all of whom take the role of Sun gods was, in later times, enlarged to twelve, including Vivasvan. One of his titles is the “embodiment of ancestral law.” His consort is SARANYU and he is identified as the father of YAMA and YAMI, as well as MANU and the ASVINS. His color is golden and his attributes a Forest garland, two lotuses and a trident. Also Vivasvat....
"Vritra" Vedic The snake of darkness. Enemy of Indra.
Goddess name "Vrtra" Hindu / Vedic demonic god of chaos. A primordial being who existed before the formation of the cosmos and who was slain by the mother goddess SARASVATI....
God name "Vyasa" Hindu / Vedic, Epic / Puranic Minor incarnation of the god VISNU. Vyasa is said to be the author of the Vedas, the Mababbarata epic and the Puranas. He ranks with Hyagriva and SARASVATI as a lord of knowledge and wisdom, and is responsible for dividing the Tree of Knowlege into parts. In the texts he is depicted as darkskinned and accompanied by four students, Sumanta, Paila, Vaisampayana and Jaimini. He may be bearded. Also Vedavyasa....
Goddess name "Yama (1) (twin; alternatively the restrainer)" Hindu / Vedic God of death. The son of Vavasvan and Saranju, or of SURYA and SANJNA, his consort is DHUMORNA or YAMI. Yama is also the judge of the dead and the twin sibling of Yami, goddess of death. When KRSNA is perceived as the embodiment of the cosmos, his eye-teeth are Yama. He evolved into a dikpala or guardian of the southerly direction. His animal is a black buffalo. Color: black....