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God Name and Meaning

List of Gods   : "deity"

NameOriginDescription
God name "ADONIS (lord)" Lebanon / Syria Fertility and vegetation god. Adonis is modeled on the Mesopotamian dying vegetation god DUMUZI (Hebrew: Tammuz). He appears as a youthful deity. The river Adonis [Nahr Ibrahim] is sacred to him largely because its waters flow red after heavy Winter Rains, having become saturated with ferrous oxide. In Hellenic tradition he is the son of the mythical Cyprian king Cinyras and his mother is MYRRHA. According to Hesiod he is also the son of Phoenix and Alphesiboea. He is the consort of APHRODITE. Tradition has it that he was killed by a boar during a hunting expedition and is condemned to the underworld for six months of each year, during which the earth's vegetation parches and dies under the summer Sun and drought. He was honored in a spring festival when priests in effeminate costume gashed themselves with knives. Frequently depicted nude and sometimes carrying a lyre. Also ATTIS (Phrygian); ATUNIS (Etruscan)....
Goddess name "AMATERASU-O-MI-KAMI" Shinto / Japan Sun goddess. The central figure of Shintoism and the ancestral deity of the imperial house. One of the daughters of the primordial god IZANAGI and said to be his favorite offspring, she was born from his left eye. She is the sibling of SUSANO-WO, the storm god. According to mythology she and Susano-Wo are obliged to join each other in order to survive....
Supreme god name "AME-NO-MINAKA-NUSHI-NOKAMI" Shinto / Japan Supreme god. he highest deity of the Shinto pantheon and the first to emerge in Takama-No-Hara (the plain of high heaven) when heaven and earth were fashioned. He was born alone, resides in the ninth heaven and has always hidden himself from mortal eyes. A remote and vague figure of whom no images are ever made and toward whom no cult is directed. His name only appears once in the Kojiki and never in the Nihongi. Originally his identity may have been strongly influenced by Chinese religion. His name is linked closely with those of two other lesser primordial beings, TAKA-MI-MISUBI-NO-KAMI and KAMI-MISUBI-NO-KAMI....
Spirit name "AMOGHASIDDHI" Buddhist / India The fifth dhyanibuddha or meditation buddha. One of five mystic spiritual counterparts of a human buddha in Vajrayana Buddhism. Color: green. Attributes: staff and sometimes seven-headed snake. Amoghasiddhi is also taken as a tutelary deity in Lamaism [Tibet] in which case his attributes include bell, three monkish robes and prayer wheel. Emanations include Visvapani and many other minor names. See also AKSOBHYA, AMITABHA, RATNASAMBHAVA and VAIROCANA....
God name "ASKLEPIOS" Greek God of physicians and healing. The son of APOLLO and a mortal consort, Coronis, Asklepios lived effectively as a mortal and died as such. He was nonetheless regarded as a deity....
Goddess name "AVALOKITESVARA (merciful lord)" Buddhist / India Bodhisattva or buddhadesignate. One of the most important deities of the Mahayana sect of Buddhism. In Lamaism he is the tutelary god of Tibet. He equates with VIS NU in Hinduism and bears links with PADMAPANI. In cosmic mythology he is a creator deity. Color: white or red. Attributes: blue lotus, image of Amitabha (topmost pyramidal head), lotus, rosary, sword and water jar. NOTE: in Chinese Buddhism he is represented by the goddess Kuan-Tin, and in Japanese by KWANNON....
God name "Abandinus" Celtic An obscure Celtic deity, possibly a river-god. He is currently known only from a single inscription from Godmanchester in Cambridgeshire, England: a bronze votive feather is dedicated to him with the fragmentary text "to the god Abandinus, Vatiaucus gave this from his own resources" inscribed on a plaque.
Goddess name "Abhijit" Hindu Name means triumphator. A benevolent astral deity and goddess of fortune Hindu / Puranic
Goddess name "Abhijit (victorious)" Hindu / Puranic Minor goddess of fortune. A benevolent naksatra or astral deity; daughter of DAKSA and consort of CANDRA (SOMA)....
Deity name "Abracadabra" Assyrians A charm. It is said that Abracadabra was the supreme deity of the Assyrians. Q. Severus Sammonicus recommended the use of the word as a powerful antidote against ague, flux, and toothache. The word was to be written on parchment, and suspended round the neck by a linen thread.
Deity name "Abracax" Greek Also written Abraxas or Abrasax, in Persian mythology denotes the Supreme Being. In Greek notation it stands for 365. In Persian mythology Abracax presides over 365 impersonated virtues, one of which is supposed to prevail on each day of the year. In the second century the word was employed by the Basilidians for the deity; it was also the principle of the Gnostic hierarchy, and that from which sprang their numerous Æons.
Deity name "Abraxas" Greek Aka Abraxis, Abrsax, viewed as the supreme deity and the source of Divine emanations, the ruler of all the 365 heavens, or circles of creation--one for each day of the year. The number 365 corresponds to the numerical value of the seven Greek letters that form the word abraxas. The name Abraxas was taken from abra-cadabra.
Deity name "Absu aka Abziu" Mesopotamia Primordial deity of underground water Mesopotamia / Sumeria
Deity name "Abziu" Sumeria / Mesopotamia The primordial deity of underground water
Deity name "Abzu" Mesopotamian / Sumerian Primordial deity of underground waters. His center of cult is at Eridu (southern Mesopotamia), and he was replaced in Akkadian times by APSU....
God name "Aesculapius" Roman God of healing. Developed from the Greek deity ASKLEPIOS and introduced into Rome in 293 BC as a plague god. Attributes include the caduceus (winged scepter), the symbol of modern Medicine....
Deities name "Aether" Greco - Roman Primordial god of light. A remote cosmic deity, the son of EREBOS (darkness) and NYX (night) who overthrew these archetypal deities of chaos. In Hesiod's Epic Cycle he is also described as the father of OURANOS....
Spirit name "Agathos Daimon (good demon)" Greco - Roman God of fortune. Known locally from Alexandria and depicted in the form of a snake. May have originated as an androgynous fertility spirit, but later becomes identified as the consort of Agathe Tyche (see TYCHE). Libations were made regularly to this deity after meals and he was regarded as a friendly household guardian....
Deity name "Aglibol" Roman / Syria / Greek / Palmaryia A lunar deity in the ancient Syrian city of Palmyra. His name means "Calf of Bel" ("Calf of the Lord"). He is depicted with a Lunar disk decorating his head, and sometimes his shoulders. Roman / Syria / Greek / Palmaryia
Deity name "Ah Chun Caan" Mexico be deity though of the city of Merida
God name "Ah Chun Caan (he of the base of the sky)" Mayan / Yucatec, Mesoamerican / Mexico Local god. The tutelary deity of the city of Merida. Mentioned in the Vienna Dictionary....
God name "Ah Hulneb (he of the spear thrower)" Mayan / Mesoamerican / Mexico God of war. The local guardian deity of the city of Cozumel....
Goddess name "Ah Kin (he of the sun)" Mayan / Mesoamerican / Mexico Sun god. A deity of ambivalent personality, the young suitor of the moon goddess Acna, also the aged Sun god in the sky. He is feared as the bringer of drought, but also protects mankind from the powers of evil associated with darkness. Said to be carried through the underworld at night on the shoulders of the god Sucunyum. Ah Kin is prayed to at Sunrise and rituals include the burning of incense. He is invoked to cure illness and to bring wives to bachelors. Attributes include a square third eye subtended by a loop, a strong Roman nose, a squint and incisor teeth filed to a T-shape. Also Acan Chob (Lacandon); Chi Chac Chob; Kinich Ahau; God G....
God name "Ah Muun" Mayan / Yucatec, Mesoamerican / Mexico Maize god. The deity responsible for protecting the unripe maize....
God name "Ah Uuc Ticab" Mayan / Mesoamerican / Mexico Chthonic god. Minor fertility and vegetation deity....
Deity name "Ahone" Virginia Supreme deity of the Powhatan who was indifferent to worship. Virginia
God name "Aizen-Myo-o" Japan / Shinto The god of love and lust. Originally a Hindu deity, Ragaraja, Aizen Myo-o became part of Buddhism, and Kobo Daishi Kukai transmitted the teaching of him to Japan. Japan / Shinto
Spirit name "Ajysyt" Yakut / central Siberia Maternal spirit. The deity who oversees the lying-in of an expectant mother and who brings the child's soul to the child-bed. The term ajysyt can also apply to a male spirit, thus the ajysyt that oversees the birth of horses is male, while that of horned cattle is female....
Spirit name "Akasagarbha (essence of tbe sky)" Buddhist / Mahayana / / Lamaist / Tibet Astral god. One of the BODHISATTVAS or spiritual meditation buddhas. He lives in the “womb of the sky.” Color: green. Attributes: Book, jewel, lotus and Sun disc. Also Khagarbha. In Japanese Buddhism this deity becomes the god Kokuzo....
Deity name "Akert khentet auset[s]" Egypt Book of the Dead deity. Egypt
Goddess name "Akonadi" Ghanaian / West Africa Oracular goddess. Known in the region around Accra where she has had a celebrated oracular shrine. She is regarded as a goddess of justice and a guardian deity of women....
God name "Akongo" Ngombe / Democratic Republic of Congo, central Africa Creator god. The supreme deity considered to have given the world, and all that is in it, form and substance....
Deity name "Akuj" Africa Chief deity associated with the sky. Turkana Africa
Deity name "Akuj Akuj" Africa The chief deity
Goddess name "Ala" Ibo / eastern Nigeria, West Africa Chthonic fertility goddess. A popular deity who is also goddess of the underworld linked with a cult of the dead (which rest in her womb). Her temple is the Mbari which contains a cult statue depicting the goddess seated with a child in her arms and adorned with the crescent moon. She is flanked by attendant deities. She enjoys a profusion of local shrines which are well supplied with votive offerings. Serious crimes including murder are considered to be offenses against her. An annual yam festival is celebrated in her honor. Also Ale, Ana, ANI....
God name "Alalu" Hittite / Hurrian Primordial god. The archetypal deity who precedes AN(U) in the formation of the cosmos. He was identified by the Greeks as HYPSISTOS (the highest)....
Deities name "Alcis" Germanic / possibly Icelandic / Nordic Unknown status. The Alcis are twin deities (brothers) known only as sons of the sky gods. From Germanic times we have a La Tene urn with pictures of paired men on horseback and linked by a wooden beam. Tacitus describes the worship of twin gods by the Naharvali tribe, their priests dressed in effeminate costume (see also the Phrygian deity ATTIS). They may have been worshiped in Forest sanctuaries along the northern coast of Europe....
God name "Alignak" Inuit A lunar deity and god of weather, water, tides, eclipses and earthquakes. Inuit
God name "Am-Heh" Egypt underworld god and minor deity who lives in a lake of fire. Egypt
God name "Am-Heh" Egypt Chthonic underworld god. A minor deity said to inhabit a lake of fire. The so-called “devourer of the millions.” Depicted with the head of a hound....
Goddess name "Ama No Uzume" Japan The goddess of dawn and revelry in the Shinto. She famously relates to the tale of the missing Sun deity, Amaterasu. Japan
Deities name "Ama-no-Koyane-no-mikoto" Japan / Shinto Is a kami, a male deity of the Japanese religion of Shinto. He is one of the deities of Kasuga Shrine, Nara, Japan and is considered to be an ancestor of the Fujiwara family. Japan / Shinto
Deity name "Amaethon / Amathaon" Celtic Amaethon aka Amathaon ‘great ploughman', was a son of Don and an agricultural deity. Celtic
Goddess name "Amaunet (the hidden one)" Egypt / Upper Fertility goddess. Amaunet seems to have a taken a role as an early consort of AMUN, one of the eight deities of the OGDOAD and representing hidden power. In that context she is depicted anthropomorphically but with the head of a snake. She is shown in reliefs and as the subject of a notable statue from the Record Hall of Tuthmosis III at the Karnak complex of Thebes, where she was recognized as a benign protective deity especially called on at times of royal accession. As a fertility goddess she was largely eclipsed by the goddess MUT. She is sometimes equated with NEITH, the creator goddess of Sais, and her attributes may include the red crown of the Delta....
God name "Ambisagrus aka Bussumarus" Britain Originally from Gaul, where his Celtic identity was lost during the Roman takeover where he took all the characteristics of the Roman God Jupiter. weather deity who controlled the Rain, wind, hail and fog. Britain
Deity name "Ambisagrus/ Bussumarus" Britain The weather deity
Deity name "Ame no Uzume no Mikoto" Japan / Shinto Ame no Uzume no Mikoto, heavenly deity of Divine movement, meditation, marriage and joy. Japan / Shinto
Deity name "Ame-No-Kagase-Wo" Japan / Shinto An astral deity that had to be executed
God name "Ame-No-Kagase-Wo" Shinto / Japan Astral deity. The most important of the star KAMI said to have been executed by the god FUTSU-NUSHI because he would not be pacified during the process of cosmic genesis....
Deities name "Ame-No-Minaka-Nushi-No-Kami" Shinto (Exalted Musubi deity), who is later related to the gods of the heaven; Kami-musubi no Kami (Sacred Musubi deity), related to the gods of the earth; and Ame no Minaka-nushi no Kami (Heavenly Centre-Ruling deity). Some Shinto scholars hold that all Shinto deities are manifestations of Ame no Minaka-nushi no Kami.
Deity name "Ame-No-Toko-Tachi-No-Kami" Japan heavenly deity, the fifth deity formed, who is interpreted as "Eternal Law, which is formless, but acts upon existing matter." Japan / Shinto
Deity name "Amen" Egypt A primordial creation deity
God name "Amen aka Amoun" Egypt Amun, Amon, Ammon. "Hidden God"; "Great Father." Phallic deity sometimes pictured with the head of a ram and other times pictured as a man with a crown with two tall straight plumes. He rules over reproduction, fertility, generation, wind, air, prophecy, Agriculture. Egypt
Deity name "America Kokudo Kunitama-no-O-Kami" Shinto Shinto deity of America.
Deity name "Amida" Buddhist / Japan A primordial deity
Deity name "Amida" Buddhist / Japanese Primordial deity. The Japanese equivalent of AMITABHA recognized from the eleventh and twelfth centuries AD....
God name "Amm" Pre - Islamic southern Arabian moon god. The tutelary deity of the Qataban tribe. Also revered as a weather god. Attributes include lightning bolts....
Goddess name "Ammut (devouress of the dead)" Egypt Chthonic underworld goddess. A significant deity who allegedly consumes the dead if their hearts are found weighed down with guilt in the Judgment Hall of the Two Truths during the Weighing of the Heart ceremony. Ammut has a fearsome aspect and sits alongside forty-two juror gods named in the Book of the Dead. Depicted with the head of a crocodile, the trunk and fore-limbs of a lion and the hind part of a hippopotamus.See also THOTH and MAAT....
God name "Amun" Egyptian An Egyptian deity who combined with the Sun god to become Amun-Re, Amun was paramount in the Egyptian pantheon during the height of the pharaonic empire.
God name "An" Sumeria God of the underworld and chief deity Sumeria
Goddess name "An i" Egypt / Upper Guardian deity. Seems to have become assimilated with HORUS and was one of the protectors of the eastern sky in which the Sun rises. According to some texts he is also responsible for the decapitation of the goddess HATHOR in a conflict for the throne of Egypt. Anti is known from Middle kingdom coffin texts (circa 2000 BC). Depicted as a falcon, or a human with a falcon's head, standing on a crescent-shaped barque....
Deity name "Anahita" Persia queen of heaven, name means "unstained" or "immaculate", was an ancient Persian deity.
Deities name "Ananta" Hindu / Puranic The world serpent in Hindu mythology. During the night of Brahma, Vishnu sleeps on coils of prodigious snake, Sesha, also known as Ananta, 'the endless' whose thousand heads rise above the deity like a canopy. This scene and everything in it, the deities' serpentine couch, the water on which the snake lies, are all manifestations of the primeval essence. Hindu / Puranic
Deity name "Anantesa" Hindu Minor deity and one of the eight Lords of of knowledge Hindu / Puranic
Deity name "Anantesa" Hindu / Puranic Minor deity. One of a group of eight emancipated “lords of knowledge” or VIDYESVARAS considered to be aspects of SIVA....
Goddess name "Andjety" Egypt / Lower Chthonic underworld god. Minor deity in anthropomorphic form known from the Pyramid Texts. Identified with the ninth nome (district). Responsible for rebirth in the afterlife and regarded as a consort of several fertility goddesses. He was revered at Busiris where he clearly heralded the cult of Osiris. Attributes: high conical crown (similar to the atef crown of Osiris) decorated with two tall plumes, crook and flail. In early Pyramid Texts, the feathers are replaced by a bicornuate uterus.See also Osiris....
Goddess name "Andrasta" Roman / Celtic / British Goddess of war. The patron goddess of the Iceni tribe. The warrior queen Boudicca is reported to have prayed to her before battle and she was the recipient of human sacrifice. Andrasta does not appear in Celtic Gaul, though a deity called Andraste is mentioned by the...
God name "Anextiomarus" Roman / Celtic / British Local tribal deity. God of uncertain affinities but linked with APOLLO....
God name "Anhouri" Egypt Minor god. A deity whose mummy was allegedly kept at Tanis....
God name "Annammr i" Hindu / Puranic Form of the god V IS'NU. The patron deity of kitchens and food. A shrine at Srirangam in southern India contains two-armed bronze images of the god. Attributes: a ball of rice in one hand, and in the other a container of payasa (sweetened milk and rice)....
Deity name "Ans ar" Mesopotamian / BabylonianAkkadian Primordial deity. Mentioned in the Babylonian creation epic Enuma Elis' as one of a pair of offspring (with KIS'AR) of LAHMU and LAHAMU, and who in turn created ANU. Ans'ar is linked with heaven while Kis'ar is identified with earth....
Deity name "Ansa" Hindu / Puranic A solar deity and one of the Adityas.Hindu / Puranic
Deity name "Antaboga" Indonesia underworld serpent deity. At the beginning of time, only Antaboga existed. Antaboga meditated and created the world turtle Bedwang from which all other creations sprang. Indonesia
Deity name "Anti" Egypt Guardian deity of the eastern sky. Egypt
Goddess name "Anulap" Micronesia A god of magic and knowledge in the mythology of Micronesia, who teaches these things to humanity. He is the husband of the creator goddess Ligobubfanu, and may be a creator deity himself.
Goddess name "Anumati" Sanskrit A lunar deity and goddess of wealth, intellect, children, spirituality and prosperity. Also Anumati is a type of full moon day in which the moon remains slightly cut and not fully full moon called as Chaturdashi bhiddha purnima Sanskrit
Goddess name "Anuradha" Hindu / Puranic Minor goddess of fortune. A benevolent NAKSATRA or astral deity, daughter of DAKSA and wife of CANDRA (SOMA)....
God name "Apedemak" Sudanese / Meroe war god. An Egyptianized deity, his main sanctuary was contained in a vast religious complex and center of pilgrimage at Musawwarat-es-Sufra, north of the sixth Nile cataract. Sacred animals include cattle and the African elephant. Depicted with the head of a lion and a human body, holding a scepter embellished with a seated lion at the tip....
God name "Aplu" Etruscan weather god. No cult is identifiably addressed to this deity. He is depicted partly cloaked and wearing a laurel leaf, but otherwise naked. Attributes include a staff and laurel twig....
Deity name "Aquit" The Americas A moon deity
Deity name "Aradia" Italy / Etruscan A Lunar deity
Goddess name "Aranyani" Hindu / Vedic Minor goddess of woodlands. Possibly having evolved from a primitive animistic guardian spirit of animals, Aranyani is an elusive, rarely seen, deity who is recognized in the sounds of the trees, particularly at dusk. She is a benign figure, sweet-scented and unwilling to destroy unless severely provoked....
God name "Arawn" Celtic / Welsh Chthonic underworld god. The leader of the phantom hunt seen chasing a white stag with a pack of red-eared hounds. He equates with GWYNN AP NUDD, a similar deity known in South Wales. His chief underworld opponent is Hafgan and he bribes PWYLL, prince of Dyfed, to challenge Hafgan in exchange for a gift of pigs....
Deity name "Ardhanari aka Ardhanarishvara" Ammaiappan / Naranari Is an androgynous deity composed of Shiva and his consort Shakti, representing the synthesis of masculine and feminine energies. Ammaiappan / Naranari
God name "Ardhanari(svara) (the lord being half woman)" Hindu / Puranic God. The god SI IVA combined with his SAKTI as a single being. His attendant animal is the bull. In iconography the left side of the image is female and the right male. A tutelary deity of eunuchs in India. Attributes: (right side) blue lotus, cup, hatchet, lute, moon disc, pestle, skin, sword and trident; (left side) ax, mirror, noose, pitcher, rosary, sacred rope and trident. May appear as three-headed. Also Ammaiappan (Tamil); Naranari....
Goddess name "Ardra" Hindu / Puranic Minor goddess of misfortune. A malevolent NAKSATRA or astral deity; daughter of DAKSA and wife of CANDRA (SOMA)....
Goddess name "Arduinna" Roman / Celtic / European Goddess of Forests and hunting. Known only from inscriptions and figurines in the Ardennes region. Depicted riding on the back of a wild boar and presumed to be a guardian deity of boars. Identified by the Romans with the goddess DIANA....
God name "Areimanios" Greek Chthonic underworld god. Probably derived from the Persian deity AHRIMAN. Plutarch identifies him as the embodiment of HADES....
Goddess name "Arinna (sun goddess)" Hittite / Hurrian Solar deity. May have taken androgynous form, but also identified as the consort of the weather god TESUB. Probably the head of the Hittite state pantheon. There is little detail because the religious center of Arinna is knownonly from texts. The Sun goddess was also perceived to be a paramount chthonic or earth goddess. She becomes largely syncretized with the Hurrian goddess HEBAT....
Supreme god name "Armaz" George The supreme god & a warrior deity pre Christian style
Supreme god name "Armaz" Pre - Christian Georgian Supreme god. Depicted as a warrior deity clad in golden armor, wearing jewels and wielding a sword....
Goddess name "Armkis [Greek]" Egypt / Upper Birth goddess. Minor deity with cult centers in lower Nubia and at Elephantine. She is variously the daughter of RE, and of KHNUM and SATIS. Anukis lives in the cataracts of the Lower Nile. Her portrait appears in the Temple of Rameses II at Beit-et-Wali where she suckles the pharaoh, suggesting that she is connected with birth and midwifery, but she also demonstrates a malignant aspect as a strangler (see HATHOR). Her sacred animal is the gazelle. Depicted anthropomorphically wearing a turban (modius) with ostrich feathers. Also Anuket (Egyptian)....
Goddess name "Arnamentia" Wales Arnamentia Goddess of spring waters who was once a minor solar deity. Healing and purification. Wales
Goddess name "Arnemetia" Roman / Celtic / British water goddess. A deity known only from inscriptions....
Deity name "Arvenus" Gaelic A local tribal deity
God name "Arvernus" Celtic / Gallic Local tribal deity. God of the Arverni....
Goddess name "Asase Yaa" Ashanti / Ghana, West Africa Chthonic fertility goddess. A major deity revered over a wide area of Akanand Fante-speaking Ghana. She has no temples or priests but days (Thursdays) are set aside in her honor and no ploughing is permitted. By tradition a farmer sacrifices a cockerel to her each year to ensure a good harvest, sprinkling the blood on the ground. As the womb of the earth, she represents the goddess of the dead and she is also goddess of truth. Also Asase Efua (Fante)....
Deity name "Ashur" Assyria The chief deity of war & fertility
Goddess name "Aslesa(s) (adherence)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Minor goddess of misfortune. A malevolent NAKSATRA or astral deity; daughter of DAKSA and wife of CANDRA (SOMA)....
Goddess name "Asnan" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian vegetation goddess. Minor deity probably known to the Sumerians from circa 3500BC or earlier. She is concerned with the abundance of grain in the fields, sent as its protectress by the gods ENLIL and ENKI. According to creation accounts, she and the cattle god LAHAR were first intended to serve the needs of the Annunaki, the celestial children of AN, but when the heavenly creatures were found unable to make use of their products, humankind was created to provide an outlet for their services. Attributes: ears of corn sprouting from her shoulders....
Deity name "Assur" Babylon / Akkadia National deity of Assyria
God name "Assur" Mesopotamian / Babylonian - Akkadian Tutelary god. The national deity of Assyria. In the Assyrian copies of the creation epic Enuma Elis he replaces MARDUK as the hero....
Deity name "Astabi" Hittite / Hurrian deity. Known only from inscriptions....
Deity name "Astaphaios" Gnostic Christian Primordial deity. One of the androgynous principles born to YALDABAOTH, the prime parent, ruling the seven heavens of chaos in gnostic mythology....
God name "Asuha-No-Kami" Shinto / Japan God of courtyards. A guardian deity, one of many in Shintoism, concerned with the protection of houses and their environs....
Goddess name "Asvayujau (harnessing horses)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Minor goddess of fortune. A benevolent NAKSATRA, or astral deity; daughter of DAKSA and wife of CANDRA (SOMA). Also Asvini and Asvinyau....
God name "At" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Creator god. The Sun deity representing the fourth of the five world ages each of which lasted for 2,028 heavenly years, each heavenly year being fifty-two terrestrial years. Assigned to water and presided over by CHALCHIUHTLICUE. According to tradition, the age ended in a cataclysmic destruction caused by a deluge during which all the human population were turned into fish. Illustrated by the “Stone of the Four Suns” [Yale Peabody Museum]. Also 4(Atl), Atonatiuh and Chalchiutonatiuh....
Goddess name "Atars'amain (morning star of heaven)" Pre - Islamic northern / central Arabian Astral deity of uncertain gender. Worshiped particularly by the Is”amme tribe, but revered widely among other Arabs. Known from circa 800 BC and identified in letters of the Assyrian kings Es”arhaddon and Assurbanipal. May be synonymous with the Arab goddess ALLAT whose cult was centered on Palmyra....
Deity name "Atasamain" N Arabia an astral deity
God name "Attar" Canaan A masculine semític deity who evolved into Ishtar, masculine God of the morning star and the feminine the star of afternoon. Canaan
Deity name "Atua I Raropuka" Polynesia Creator deity Tikopia / Polynesia
Deity name "Atua I Raropuka Tikpoa" Polynesia Another creator deity
Deity name "Atunis aka Atuns" Etruscan The Etruscan incarnation of the popular life-death-rebirth deity. He is a consort for Turan. Originally non-Etruscan, directly from Greek Adonis. Etruscan
God name "Auseklis" Latvian A Latvian god, and the personification of Venus. He is third most popular deity in Latvian mythology after Saule and Me-ness.
God name "Avrikiti" Fon / Benin, West Africa God of fishermen. Statues of this deity, in a sitting position, were placed on the beaches and fishermen and local elders sacrificed to them annually to ensure a good season of catches....
Goddess name "Axo-Mama" South American Indian / Peru Goddess of potato crops. A model of this minor deity was made out of parts of the plant as a harvest fetish and kept for a year before being burned in a ritual to ensure a good potato harvest....
God name "Ayiyanayaka" Singhalese / Sri Lanka Plague god. A deity of fields and woodlands who is still revered as a guardian of crops and a protector against plague....
Deity name "Aziri" Africa A deity of salty waters, candies and confectionary. Africa
Deity name "Azumi-no-isora" Japan / Shinto Is a shinto deity of the seashore. He is considered to be an ancestor of the Azumi family. He is worshiped at Mekari Shrine of Kitakyushu, Shiga Shrine of Tsushima. Japan / Shinto
Goddess name "BAAL (lord)" Western Semitic / Canaanite / northern Israel, Lebanon / later Egypt vegetation deity and national god. Baal may have originated in pre-agricultural times as god of storms and Rain. He is the son of DAGAN and in turn is the father of seven storm gods, the Baalim of the Vetus Testamentum, and seven midwife goddesses, the SASURATUM. He is considered to have been worshiped from at least the nineteenth century BC. Later he became a vegetation god concerned with fertility of the land. From the mid-sixteenth century BC in the Egyptian New kingdom, Baal enjoyed a significant cult following, but the legend of his demise and restoration was never equated with that of OSIRIS. In the Greco-Roman period, Baal became assimilated in the Palestine region with ZEUS and JUPITER, but as a Punic deity [Carthage] he was allied with SATURNUS, the god of seed-sowing....
God name "BELENUS" Celtic, European, Irish Pastoral deity concerned with light, solar worship and healing. Considered to be one of the oldest of the Celtic gods thus far recognized. Celebrated long into the Christian era in the festival of Beltine or Cetsbamain, set on May 1, the start of the “warm season.” The rites involved lighting huge bonfires and driving cattle between them as a protection against disease. It marked the season when cattle were liberated after Winter to graze the open pastures....
Deity name "BES" Egypt Guardian deity of women in labor. A dwarfish and hideous, but essentially benign deity whose ugliness wards off evil. He is generally present at births exerting a protective influence. Bes appears with a large-bearded and barely human face, a thick body, short arms and short bandy legs....
Goddess name "BRAGI (poet; leader)" Nordic / Icelandic God of poetry. A Viking deity, said by Snorri to be a son of OTHIN and consort of IDUNN, the goddess who keeps the apples of immortality for the gods of Asgard. Bragi is possibly also a pseudonym for Othin himself. Often found in company with AEGIR. The cup over which oaths were sworn was known as the “cup of Bragi” and he was seen as a poet and orator in the hall of the slain, Valhalla....
Goddess name "BRIGIT (exalted one)" Celtic / Continental / European / Irish Fertility goddess. A major Celtic pastoral deity, described as a “wise woman, the daughter of the DAGDA,” Brigit became “Christianized” as St. Brigit of Kildare, who lived from AD 450-523 and founded the first female Christian community in Ireland. She was originally celebrated on February 1 in the festival of Imbolc....
God name "BUDDHA" Buddhist / India The founder of Buddhism. The deity is regarded as having been an historical figure, born at Kapilavastu near Gorakhpur. He died at Kusinagara in circa 486 BC. His father was SUDDHODANA of the Sakya clan, his mother was MAYA and his wife YASODHARA. Buddha is, in certain respects, the equal of the Hindu god VIS NU. H...
Spirit name "Ba (2)" Egypt / Lower Ram god. A fertility deity from early in Egyptian religion invoked particularly at Mendes. In a later cult, the name ba comes to represent the spirituality of a deity, often represented in an animal, e.g. the bull, or the mortal manifestation of a god as pharaoh....
Spirit name "Ba-Pef" Egypt Chthonic underworld god. An obscure malevolent deity known from the Old kingdom (circa 2700 BC) in which he may have enjoyed a priesthood. According to limited references among the Pyramid Texts, he had a cult following and was associated in some way with pain or spiritual anguish affecting the king....
Deities name "Baa! Samin (lord of heaven)" Western Semitic / Phoenician Head of the pantheon. Probably originated in Canaanite culture as a god of Rain and vegetation, but became extensively revered in places as far apart as Cyprus and Carthage. Epithets include “bearer of thunder.” Baal Samin is first mentioned in a fourteenth century BC treaty between the Hittite king Suppiluliuma and Nigmadu II of Ugarit. He had a major sanctuary at Byblos, according to inscription, “built by Yehemilk.” Josephus confirms that his cult existed at the time of Solomon. At Karatepe his name appears at the head of a list of national deities and on Seleucid coinage he is depicted wearing a half-moon crown and carrying a radiate Sun disc. Other epithets include “lord of eternity” and he may also have been god of storms at sea, a patron deity of mariners. By Hellenic times he equated with ZEUS in the Greek pantheon and the Romans identified him as Caelus (sky). Also Baal-Samem....
Deity name "Baal Brathy" Phoenicia mountain deity. Phoenicia
Deity name "Baal Sapon" Phoenicia / Canaan mountain deity. Phoenicia / Canaan
God name "Babi" Egypt Malevolent god. Known from as early as the Old kingdom (circa 2700 BC). Babi is seen as a violent and hostile deity whose presence can be highly dangerous during the ceremony of the Weighing of the Heart in the Hall of the Two Truths (see also AMMUT). Conversely he can also act in a protective capacity. Closely associated with sexual virility in the underworld, Babi is ithyphallic. A god active in the darkness, his penis serves variously as the mast on the underworld ferry boat, and the bolt on heaven's doors. Depicted as an ithyphallic male baboon....
Deities name "Bacabs" Mayan / Mesoamerican / Mexico Attendant gods. Four deities identified with points of the compass and colors, thus Hobnil (red) resides in the east, Can Tzicnal (white) in the north, Zac Cimi (black) in the west and Hozanek (yellow) in the south. They are also identified as the Toliloch (opossum actors) in the Codex Dresden, where each carries the image of the ruling god for the incoming year on his back. Hobnil is also a patron deity of beekeepers....
God name "Bacax" Roman - North African Local god. A rare example of a named deity from this region, thought to have been worshiped as a cave god. Known from inscription at Cirta [Constantine]....
God name "Baiame / Baayami / Baayama" Australia Baiame aka Baayami or Baayama, the ancestor and patron god of the Kamilaroi. He is a sky god and a deity of death and life, and a god of Rain and the shamans. Australia
Goddess name "Bala-Sakti" Dravidian / Tamil / southern India Goddess. Youthful deity who presides over six CAKRAS or prayer wheels. Often accompanied by a geometric magical diagram or yantra. Attributes: Book, hook, noose and rosary....
Spirit name "Balaparamita (perfection of strength)" Buddhist Philosophical deity. One of a group of twelve PARAMITAS. spiritual offspring of RATNASAMBHAVA. Color: red. Attributes: Book and banner with jewel....
Deity name "Balaparmita" Buddhist Philosophical deity. Buddhist
Goddess name "Balarama (strength of Rama)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Incarnation of the god VIS'NU. May have originated in Vedic times as an agricultural fertility deity. He is the son of VASUDEVA and DEVAKI, though born from the womb of ROHINI. Jointly with KRSNA (his brother), he is identified as the eighth avatara (incarnation) of Vis'nu, or, with RAMA, as the seventh. Legend describes how Vis'nu impregnated the belly of the goddess Devaki with two hairs, one black, one white. To ensure their safety against a demon king, they were transferred before birth to Rohini. Krsna grew to be dark-skinned, and Balarama light. The latter enjoys similar characteristics to Krsna but fails to attract the same popularity. He is usually depicted on the right side of Krsna, rarely standing alone. The consort of Balarama is REVATI and his sons are Nisatha and Ulmuka. Epithets included Ananda (joy). In Jainism he is known as Baladeva. Attributes: arrow, club, drinking cup, fan palm, honey pot, lotus, pestle, pitcher, plough, prayer wheel, shield and sword....
Deity name "Ball Hermon" Phoenicia mountain deity. Phoenicia
God name "Bariga" Ngbandi / northern Democratic Republic of Congo / Central African Republic God of clear waters. One of seven gods invoked at daybreak, the creator deity of white-skinned people....
Deity name "Basosenin" Japan A stellar deity, one of the Nijuhachibushu. Japan
Goddess name "Bau" Sumeria Goddess of fertility, depicted with the head of a dog, and her name means 'bark', 'woof'. Bau was known as the patron deity of Lagash. Sumeria
God name "Beelzebub" Semitic A deity worshipped in the Philistine city of Ekron. In ancient contexts, there appears to have been little, if any, meaningful distinction between Beelzebub and the polytheistic Semitic god named Ba‘al.
Deity name "Belatu-Cadros aka Belatucadros" Britain Belatucadrus, "fair shining one" or "fair slayer", a deity worshipped in northern Britain, particularly in Cumberland and Westmorland. He may be related to Belenus and Cernunnos, equated with Mars.
God name "Bella Pennu" Indian / Khond Sun god. A local deity in the Orissa province synonymous with BOORA PENNU....
Deity name "Bella Penu Khond" India a local deity Orissa
Goddess name "Benten-San" Shinto / Japan Goddess of luck. One of seven deities classed as gods of fortune and the only goddess in the group. A popular deity with many sanctuaries dedicated to her, she is a patron of music and holds a biwa instrument in her hand. Snakes, believed to stand for jealousy, are often coiled around her statues. Because of this, married couples are reluctant to visit her shrines together. Her priesthood is both Shinto and Buddhist and she is closely linked with the goddess SARASVATI....
God name "Benu" Egypt / Upper Transmuted bird-like form of a Sun god. A deity mentioned in Pyramid Texts (circa twenty-fifth century BC) and linked with the Sun god of Heliopolis, ATUM. He is also said to have been self-created from the primeval ocean and is sometimes a symbol of rebirth in the afterlife. Benu may have augmented the Greek classical tradition of the Phoenix. He appears in the Old kingdom as a yellow wagtail but later becomes a heron, wearing the conical white crown of Upper Egypt with two slender feathers pointing backwards from its crest....
Deity name "Bethel" Canaanite An ancient Canaanite deity which can be found in Jeremiah
God name "Bethel" Western Semitic / Phoenician Local tutelary god. Probably of Aramaean or Syrian origin. First mentioned in a fourteenth century treaty between the Hittite king Suppiluliuma and Nigmadu II of Ugarit [Ras Samra]. He appears more regularly on inscriptions from the end of the seventh century BC and enjoyed considerable popularity during the neo-Babylonian period. Bethel is mentioned in the Biblical text of Jeremiah 48.13, implying that some Israelites acknowledged this deity. There is no evidence of links with the historical place names, including that mentioned in Genesis 38.13....
God name "Bhairava (terrible)" Hindu / Puranic / later Minor frightful form of the god SIVA. Guardian deity of doorways. A so-called ugra aspect, generally depicted in similar style to Siva but with up to five heads and ten arms and said to have been born from Siva's blood. Attributes: hook and noose. Aspects and epithets include Kalaratri, KSETRAPALA and MAHAKALA. Also Bhairon, linked with the cult of dogs and BHAIRAVA, one of a group of MAHAVIDYAS personifying the SAKTI of Siva....
God name "Bhumiya (guardian of fields)" Hindu / Vedic / Puranic / northern India Fertility god. Guardian deity of fields, worshiped as a rough stone icon. In later times a form of VIS NU....
Demon name "Bi-har" Buddhist / Tibet A Guardian deity that protects against demons
Demon name "Bi-har" Buddhist - Lamaist / Tibet Guardian deity. One of the guardian maharajas protecting against demons. Attended by a lion. Color: white. Attributes: arrow, bow, knife, staff, sword and trident. Three-eyed....
God name "Bo Hsian" Taoist / Chinese God. The Taoist counterpart of the Buddhist deity SAMANTABHADRA. Usually depicted upon a white elephant. He is considered to be a god of wisdom....
Goddess name "Boann (she of the white cows)" Celtic / Irish River goddess. The local goddess of the river Boyne. She is one of the consorts of the DAGDA, alternatively of a minor local deity Elcmar, cuckolded by the Dagda who sent him away on an errand for nine months. The mother of Angus mac Og.See also AENGUS....
Goddess name "Boldogasszony" Pre - Christian Hungarian Tutelary goddess. The guardian deity of women and children, she became syncretized with the Virgin Mary after Christianization....
Deity name "Bomazi" Congo Ancestral deity of the Bushongo and other peoples of the Congo.
God name "Bonchor" Tunisia God thought to be the creator deity Tunisia
God name "Bonchor" Pre - Islamic Berber / Tunisia Tutelary god. Probably recognized as a creator deity....
Goddess name "Boora Pennu" Indian / Khond God of light. A local deity in the Orissa province who created the earth goddess TARI PENNU as his consort and through her engendered the other great gods. Until recently this deity was the subject of sacrifice in notorious meriah rituals, which involved violent human sacrifice....
Goddess name "Borvo" British / Gaul God of hot springs equated with Apollo and has similarities to the goddess Sirona, who was also a healing deity associated with mineral springs. British / Gaul
Deity name "Brahmins" Hindu Their "tri-murti" is a three-headed deity, representing Brahma (as creator), Vishnu (as preserver), and Siva (as destroyer).
God name "Bugid Y Aiba" Puerto Rico / Haiti God of war. Classed as one of the ZEMIS. The local Indians have believed that the deity can give them strength. When they smoke in a ritual ceremony in honor of the god, their arms increase in size. He will also restore failed eyesight....
Spirit name "CERNUNNOS" Celtic, Gallic Fertility and chthonic god. Cernunnos appears to have been recognized in the region of Gaul which is now central France. He is typically drawn as a man bearing the antlers of a stag, not necessarily representing an animal spirit but a deity closely involved with animals and one which can transform instantly into animal shape. In the Celtic world, horns and antlers were generally regarded as symbols of virility and fertility....
Goddess name "CHALCHIUHTLICUE (her skirt is of jade)" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico water goddess. Featuring strongly in creation mythology, Chalchiuhtlicue presided over the fourth of the world ages which terminated in a great deluge. She is the tutelary deity of the fourth of the thirteen heavens identified at the time of the Spanish conquest, Ilhuicatl Citlalicue (the heaven of the star-skirted goddess). She takes the role of a vegetation goddess responsible for the flowering and fruiting of the green world, particularly maize; she also takes responsibility for such natural phenomena as whirlpools. Attributes include a rattle on a baton, and her dress is adorned with waterlilies....
Goddess name "COATLICUE (the serpent-skirted goddess)" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Mother goddess. The creator goddess of the earth and mankind and the female aspect of OMETEOTL. One of the group classed as the TETEOINNAN complex. She has 400 sons, the stars of the southern sky, and is the mother of the goddess COYOLXAUHQUI. Later, as a widow, she was impregnated by a ball of feathers as she was sweeping the “serpent mountain” of Coatepec near Tula. Her other children decapitated her as punishment for her dishonor, but she gave birth to the Sun god HUITZILOPOCHTLI who subsequently slew Coyolxauhqui and her brothers, thus banishing night for day. According to tradition Coatlicue feeds off human corpses. She is also recognized as the patron deity of florists....
Deity name "Cagn Mantis" Africa According to the Hottentots and the Bushman the supreme deity and creator of the world whose loves are ‘pleasing' and it is especially attached to the moon, having made it out of one of its old shoes. Africa
God name "Camulos" Celtic / British war god. Probably the deity from which the name of Camulodunum [Colchester, England] derives. Known from inscriptions and coinage bearing the symbol of a boar....
Goddess name "Candra" Hindu / Epic / Puranic (1) Planet god. Personified by the moon and also seen as a dikpala or guardian of the northern direction. Consorts include KAUMUDI, TARA and the NAKSATRAS or astral goddesses. His son is BUDHA. He drives in a chariot drawn by ten white horses. Color: white. Attributes: club, lotus, sacred rope and prayer wheel. The term candra usually refers to the cup containing the sacrificial yellow beverage SOMA, often a synonym for the deity. Candra is also the apotheosis of the pale yellow moon disc. 2. Planet god. Buddhist. Attended by a goose. Color: white. Attributes: moon disc on a lotus....
God name "Canopus" Egyptian The Egyptian god of water. The Chaldeans worshipped fire, and sent all the other gods a challenge, which was accepted by a priest of Canopus. The Chaldeans lighted a vast fire round the god Canopus, when the Egyptian deity spouted out torrents of water and quenched the fire, thereby obtaining the triumph of water over fire.
Deity name "Cay" Mayan A water deity. Mayan
God name "Chac Uayab Xoc" Mayan A fish god and the patron deity of fishermen. He blessed their catches, yet also ate them if they drowned. Mayan
God name "Chang Hs'iien" Chinese Guardian god of children. According to tradition he was the mortal king of Szechuan killed by the founder of the Sung dynasty. His wife was captured and forced to become a concubine in the imperial palace. She was discovered by the emperor kneeling before a picture of her deceased husband which she identified as a local deity, “the immortal Chang who gives children.” This triggered the cult which began locally in Szechuan circa AD 100. Chang Hs'ien is depicted holding a bow made of mulberry wood and either aiming an arrow at the star Tien Kou, the socalled celestial dog which threatens the earth, or aiming the empty bow at a rat (see ERH LANG)....
Goddess name "Chantico (in the house)" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Hearth goddess. A household guardian deity personi fied by hearth fires. One of the deities collectively classed as the XIUHTECUHTLI complex....
Deity name "Chaos" Greco Roman Primordial deity. The amorphous male power who, with the female presence, NYX, personifies the empty space which existed before the formation of the cosmos....
Goddess name "Chaya (shadow)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Goddess. The reflec tion of the goddess SANJNA, consort of SURYA and mother of the astral deity SANI....
Goddess name "Chicomecohuati" Aztec / post Mesoamerican Maize goddess. [Mexico]. Her festival was held in September when a young girl was sacrificed having taken on the role of the deity for a period of time during the celebrations. She was decapitated on a heap of maize fruits and her blood was collected in a large bowl before being poured over a wooden figurine of the goddess. Finally the victim's skin was flayed off and worn by a dancing priest.See also XILONEN....
Goddess name "Chiconahui" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Hearth goddess. A household guardian deity personified by hearth fires. One of the deities collectively classed as the XIUHTECUHTLI complex....
Deity name "Chos-Skyon" Buddhist Tutelary guardian deity Buddhist / Tibet
God name "Chos-Skyon (protector)" Buddhist - Lamaist / Tibet Tutelary guardian deity. One of a group of gods of fearsome appearance who wear royal apparel. Rides a white elephant. Color: blue. Attributes: knife and noose....
Goddess name "Citra" Hindu Minor goddess of misfortune and a malevolent astral deity Hindu / Puranic / Epic
Goddess name "Citra (bright)" Hindu / epic / Puranic Minor goddess of misfortune. A malevolent NAKSATRA or astral deity; daughter of DAKSA and wife of CANDRA (SOMA)....
Goddess name "Coca-Mama" South American Indian / Peru Goddess of the coca plant. Minor goddess who oversees the harvest of the coca crop. Models of the deity were made from the leaves of the plant and kept for a year before being burned in a ritual to ensure a good coca harvest....
Goddess name "Cocidius" Celtic / British Hunting goddess. Northern British deity depicted in stone relief at Risingham (Yorkshire)....
God name "Condatis" Celtic / British River god. Northern British deity with stone votive inscriptions located in County Durham....
Deity name "Coniraya" Aztec The deity of the moon who fashioned his sperm into a fruit, which Cavillaca then ate. Aztec
God name "Contrebis" Roman / Celtic / British Local god. Identified from an inscription at Lancaster in conjunction with another deity, IALONUS....
God name "Corus" Roman God of wind. Specifically the deity responsible for the northwest winds....
Goddess name "Coyolxauhqui (golden bells)" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Astral goddess. A deification and incarnation (avatara) of the moon. According to tradition she is the half-sister of the Sun god HUITZILOPOCHTLI. The god sprang, fully armed, from his decapitated mother, COATLICUE, and engaged all his enemies who, by inference, are the 400 astral gods, his half-brothers. He slew his sister and hurled her from the top of a mountain. Alternative tradition suggests his sister was an ally whom he was unable to save, so he decapitated her and threw her head into the sky, where she became the moon. She was represented in the Great Temple at Tenochtitlan, where she was depicted in front of successive Huitzilopochtli pyramids. She is also a hearth deity within the group classed as the XIUHTECUHTLI complex....
God name "Coyote" USA Multifaceted deity. demigod, creator, trickster. In Tongva Mythology Coyote challenges "The River" to a race. Coyote is victorious, but collapses from fatigue. The river laughs at him and takes the name "Hahamongna". USA
God name "Cromm Cruaich" Ireland Ancient deity, a harvest, death and sacrificial God. It is thought human sacrifices were once made to him at Samhain. Ireland
God name "Dabog aka Dazhbog" Balkans Dazhdbog, Dajbog, Dachbog, one of major gods of Slavic mythology, most likely a solar deity and possibly a culture hero. Balkans
God name "Daho" Pyrenean A deity that may be a god of war
God name "Daikokr" Shinto / Japan God of luck. One of seven gods of fortune in Shintoism and often linked with the god EBISU. Originally a god of kitchens, he became a deity concerned with happiness. He is depicted as a fat, well-to-do figure seated on two rice bales and carrying a sack on his back. He also holds a hammer in his right hand. In depictions there is often a mouse nibbling at one of the rice bales. Small gold icons of the god may be carried as talismans of wealth. According to tradition, when Daikoku's hammer is shaken, money falls out in great profusion. In western Japan he is also syncretized with the god of rice paddies, TA-NO-KAMI, and thus becomes the god of Agriculture and farmers. He may have developed from the Buddhist god MAHAKALA....
Deity name "Dalai-Lama" Tibet Chief of the two Tartar priests and a sort of incarnate deity. The other lama is called the "Tesho-lama." Tibet
Deity name "Danaparamita" Buddhist Philosophical deity. Buddhist
Deities name "Danaparamita" Buddhist Philosophical deity. One of twelve PARAMITA deities and a spiritual offspring of RATNASAMBHAVA. Color: reddish white. Attributes: an ear of rice and a banner with pearl....
Deity name "Daoji" Buddhist A Buddhist monk who became a minor Taoist deity
Demon name "Darawigal" Australian aboriginal Personification of evil. This demonic deity stands opposed to BAIAME, the creator spirit who represents good in the world. He is generally recognized as an offspring of Baiame who once lived in the sky but fell from grace during the Dreamtime and was sent to the underworld as its ruler. From there he now dispenses death and sickness....