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God Name and Meaning

List of Gods   : "major"

NameOriginDescription
God name "AESIR" Icelandic / Nordic The major race of sky gods in Norse religion. The twelve Aesir gods are headed by OTHIN, the All-Father and probably are, in part, derived from a Germanic pantheon established in prehistory. The Aesir follow a common pattern whereby cultures establish a “senior” pantheon of great gods which usually number seven or twelve....
Goddess name "ASTARTE (star)" Semitic, Phoenician, Lebanon, Syria / The goddess of the evening star, of war / of sexual love Fertility goddess. Inscriptions from the fifth century BC in her major temple at Sidon suggest she was perceived as an emanation of BAAL SAMIN, personifying his Divine power. She is also his consort. Her animal is the sphinx, which typically appears on either side of her throne....
Goddess name "Al Shua" India Goddess of Ursa major. India
Deities name "Alad Udug Lama" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian Collective name of guardian deities. Vague spirits who accompany major deities and dispense good fortune....
God name "Aleyin" Phonecian major God of springs and Rainy-season vegetation. 'He who rides the clouds' often has with him seven companions and eight wild boars. Phonecian
Goddess name "Ammavaru" Hindu - Dravidian Primordial mother goddess. Known locally from east central India and worshiped by the Dravidian tribe of Telugu. She is said to have generated the cosmic egg in the sea of milk from which the major gods BRAHMA, VIS'NU and SIVA were born....
Goddess name "Anat" Phonecian major Goddess of battle, bloodshed, and hunting, renowned for her hot temper and excitability. She killed the God Mot (temporarily) for her brother's sake. Daughter of Baal, sister of Aleyin. She appears as a maiden who rides a lion and carries shield, spear, and axe. Phonecian
Goddess name "Asase Yaa" Ashanti / Ghana, West Africa Chthonic fertility goddess. A major deity revered over a wide area of Akanand Fante-speaking Ghana. She has no temples or priests but days (Thursdays) are set aside in her honor and no ploughing is permitted. By tradition a farmer sacrifices a cockerel to her each year to ensure a good harvest, sprinkling the blood on the ground. As the womb of the earth, she represents the goddess of the dead and she is also goddess of truth. Also Asase Efua (Fante)....
Goddess name "Asherat" Phonecian major Goddess of marriage, fidelity, and home life. Phonecian
Goddess name "Astart" Phonecian major Goddess of fertility, love, and pleasure. Patron of harlots and hedonists. Phonecian
Goddess name "Atargatis" Northern Syrian Mother goddess. She enjoyed major cults at Khirbet Tannur, where she is depicted as the vegetation goddess in nine separate variations, and at Khirbet Brak, where she is associated with dolphins. She often carries a cornucopia linking her with the goddess TYCHE (fortune) and may commonly be flanked by lions. She sometimes carries a rudder or wears the mural crown of a city guardian. There are hints of sky affinities in some depictions, with a sign of the zodiac or a nimbus-like veil....
Goddess name "BRIGIT (exalted one)" Celtic / Continental / European / Irish Fertility goddess. A major Celtic pastoral deity, described as a “wise woman, the daughter of the DAGDA,” Brigit became “Christianized” as St. Brigit of Kildare, who lived from AD 450-523 and founded the first female Christian community in Ireland. She was originally celebrated on February 1 in the festival of Imbolc....
Deities name "Baa! Samin (lord of heaven)" Western Semitic / Phoenician Head of the pantheon. Probably originated in Canaanite culture as a god of Rain and vegetation, but became extensively revered in places as far apart as Cyprus and Carthage. Epithets include “bearer of thunder.” Baal Samin is first mentioned in a fourteenth century BC treaty between the Hittite king Suppiluliuma and Nigmadu II of Ugarit. He had a major sanctuary at Byblos, according to inscription, “built by Yehemilk.” Josephus confirms that his cult existed at the time of Solomon. At Karatepe his name appears at the head of a list of national deities and on Seleucid coinage he is depicted wearing a half-moon crown and carrying a radiate Sun disc. Other epithets include “lord of eternity” and he may also have been god of storms at sea, a patron deity of mariners. By Hellenic times he equated with ZEUS in the Greek pantheon and the Romans identified him as Caelus (sky). Also Baal-Samem....
God name "Cocidius" Britain A major cult centre of this Hunter god in Britain was at Bewcastle in Cumbria, known in Roman times as Fanum Cocidi or 'The Temple of Cocidius'.
God name "Dabog aka Dazhbog" Balkans Dazhdbog, Dajbog, Dachbog, one of major gods of Slavic mythology, most likely a solar deity and possibly a culture hero. Balkans
Supreme god name "Dagan (2)" Western Semitic / Canaanite / Phoenician Grain and fertility god. The father of BAAL in Ugaritic creation epics. A major sanctuary was built in his honor at Mari [Syria] and he was recognized in parts of Mesopotamia where he acquired the consort Salas. Worshiped mainly at Gaza and As”dod, but also the supreme god of the Philistines. Known in biblical references as Dagon (Judges 16.23). Mentioned in the apocryphal Book of Maccabees. The cult is thought to have continued until circa 150 BC. Israelite misinterpretation of the Ugaritic root Dagan led to the assumption that he was a fish god, therefore attributes include a fish tail....
Goddess name "Danu" Ireland major mother goddess ancestress of the Tuatha De Danann. She gave her name to the Tuatha De Dannan (People of the Goddess Danu). Another aspect of the Morrigu. Ireland
Goddess name "Danu / Danann/ Dana" Irish The major mother goddess
Goddess name "Devi (the goddess)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Goddess epitomizing the active female principle. Devi evolved as a major goddess out of the older notion of mother and vegetation goddesses. She is seen more as an abstract principle who will nevertheless respond directly to worshipers' prayers. By the fifth century AD she appears in many forms as the active (feminine) aspect or power of male deities. General attributes: conch, hook, noose, prayer wheel and trident. Devi is also the generic name given to a female deity, in her capacity as the consort of a god or DEVA.See also SRI(DEVI), BHUMIDEVI....
Goddess name "Djila'qons" Haida Indian / Queen Charlotte Island, Canada Sea goddess. An old woman who lives at the head of a major inlet in Haida territory and controls all the creatures of the sea....
Deities name "Ennead" Egypt / Lower The Heliopolis pantheon. The nine major deities enumerated and given their genealogy by the priesthood of Heliopolis, the center of the Sun-worshiping cult in Lower Egypt. Comprising the Sun god ATUM (or Atum-Re) and his offspring, S U, TEFNUT, GEB, NUT, OSIRIS, ISIS, SETH and NEPHTHYS. Other Egyptian cult centers possessed similar pantheons though not necessarily including the same list of deities. Thus, for example, the god PTAH presided at Thebes....
Goddess name "Flora" Roman Goddess of flowers. Consort of ZEPHYRUS and chiefly worshiped by young girls with offerings of fruit and flowers. Her major festivals, with strongly sexual overtones but also identified with the dead, were celebrated in the spring months from April 28 to early May and known as Floralia....
Goddess name "Hadad" Western Semitic / Syrian / Phoenician weather god. Derived from the Akkadian deity ADAD. In texts found at the site of the ancient Canaanite capital of Ugarit [Ras Samra] , the name of Hadad apparently becomes a substitute for that of BAAL. His voice is described as roaring from the clouds and his weapon is the thunderbolt. His mother is the goddess ASERAH. During Hellenic times he was predominantly worshiped at Ptolemais and Hierapolis. His Syrian consort is ATARGATIS, who overshadowed him in local popularity at Hierapolis. Statues of the two deities were carried in procession to the sea twice yearly. According to the Jewish writer Josephus, Hadad also enjoyed a major cult following at Damascus in the eighth and ninth centuries BC. By the third century BC the Hadad-Atargatis cult had extended to Egypt, when he becomes identified as the god SUTEKH. In the Greek tradition his consort becomes HERA.See also ADAD....
Goddess name "Hanuman (with large jaws)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Monkey god. Hanuman attends RAMA, one of the incarnations of VISINU, and personifies the ideal and faithful servant. He is the son of PAVANA, the god of winds, and is noted for his speed and agility in which context he is often worshiped by young men and athletes. He leads a mythical Forest army of monkeys, and is depicted as a monkey with a long tail. He takes a major role in the Ramayana epic searching for, and rescuing, the goddess SITA who has been captured by the demon Ravana. He may appear trampling on the goddess of Lanka [Sri Lanka]. Worshiped particularly in southern India but more generally in villages. Color: red. Attributes: bow, club, mane, rock and staff. May appear five-headed....
Goddess name "Heket" Egypt Frog goddess concerned with birth. Minor deity who by some traditions is the consort of HAROERIS (see also HORUS). Texts refer to a major sanctuary at Tuna et-Gebel which has been totally obliterated. The remains of another sanctuary survive at Qus in Upper Egypt. In the Pyramid Texts she is referred to as a deity who eases the final stages of labor. Depicted as wholly frog-like or as a frog-headed human figure, often found on amulets or other magical devices associated with childbirth....
God name "In r" Kafir / Afghanistan Tutelary and weather god. The brother of GISH and father of DISANI and Pano. Probably derived from the more widely recognized Aryan god INDRA, Indr is known chiefly from the Waigal and Prasun areas of the southern Hindukush. It is generally assumed that he was ousted from major importance by the god IMRA. Indr is also a god of wine who owns substantial vineyards and is associated in south Nuristan with wine rituals (the annals of Alexander the Great suggest that he met with winedrinking “worshipers of DIONYSOSin the Hindukush). In the Ashkun region of southwestern Kafiristan, a famous vineyard near the village of Wamais is sacred to Indr. Also Inder....
Goddess name "Ix Chel" Mayan / Yucatec / Quiche, Mesoamerican / Mexico moon goddess. Also the goddess of childbirth and Medicine and of Rain bows. A consort of the Sun god. She has a major shrine as Cozumel and small figurines of the goddess have been conventionally placed beneath the beds of women in labor. Such women are considered to be in great danger at times of lunar eclipse when the unborn child may develop deformities. Ix Chel is a guardian against disease and the Quiche Indians regard her as a goddess of fertility and sexual inter course. A goddess of weaving, believed to be the first being on earth to weave cloth, she was employed in this craft when she first attracted the attention of the Sun god. She carries her loom sticks across the sky to protect her from jaguars. Under Chris tian influence she has been largely syncretized with the Virgin Mary.See also IX CHEBEL YAX....
Deity name "Jarilo" Slavic A major Proto-Slavic deity of vegetation, fertility and spring, also associated with war and harvest.
Supreme god name "Jumala" Finland A generic name for a major deity. Originally the name given by the Finns to the sky, the sky-god, and the supreme god. Later taivas and Ukko were used as the names for the sky and the sky-god. The word means god and was later used for the Christian God. The origin of the word is unknown – some possible explanations are derivation from Jomali, the supreme deity of the Permians and origination from the Estonian word jume.
God name "Kahukura aka Rongo" Maori A major god, the god of cultivated food. He separated the primordial parents Rangi and Papa to allow daylight into the world. Tawhirimatea, the god of storms did not consent to this plan and afterwards attacked his brothers with unrelenting fury. Rongo and Haumia, the god of wild food, took refuge in the body of Papa, mother earth, who hid them until the storm passed. Maori
God name "Kuei Shing" China God of literature presides in Ursa major China
God name "Kuei Shing" Chinese God of literature. Believed to reside in the star constellation of Ursa major. Also Zhong-Kui....
Spirit name "Kutkhu" Kemchadal / southeastern Siberia Guardian spirit. The counterpart of the Koryak QUIKINN.A'QU, he fashioned the created world into its present form and is the majordomo of the creator god. His consort is Ilkxum and his sister is Xutlizic. His children include SI'MSKALIN, TI'ZIL-KUTKHU and SI'DIUKU. In mythology he is depicted as a salacious character. Also Kutq; Kutkinnaqu....
Goddess name "Luna" Roman moon goddess. She derives from the Greek model of SELENE, but is also comparable with HEKATE. She enjoyed a major temple on the Aventine Hill in Rome....
God name "Milkastart" Western Semitic Local tutelary god. Known only from Umm el-Ammed where his cult apparently co-existed with that of BAAL SAPON. One of two major temples built at Umm el-Ammed in the third century BC was probably dedicated to milkASTART, and the name is regarded as a syncretization of MELQART and ASTARTE....
God name "Nabu" Mesopotamian / Babylonian - Akkadian God of writing and wisdom. The son of MARDUX and ZARPANITU(M), his consort is TASMETU(M). He is symbolized by the inscribing stylus. A major deity in neo-Babylonian times from the eighth century BC onward, with an important sanctuary at Borsippa, near Babylon, known as the Ezida. He is considered a god of mountain regions, described as the “firstborn son of Marduk” and his image is closely involved in the New Year akitu festival. Also NEBO (Vetus Testamentum)....
God name "Ningirsu" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian Tutelary god. His mother is NINHURSAGa A. Known from the city of Lagas (Girsu) where Gudea built a major temple in his honor, the Eninnu. His symbol is a lion-headed eagle and his weapon the mace S, arur. Texts describe Ningirsu making a journey to Eridu to notify the god ENKI of Gudea's achievement....
Goddess name "Papatuanuku" Polynesian / including Maori Chthonic mother goddess. According to tradition she evolved spontaneously in the cosmic night personified by TE PO and became the apotheosis of papa, the earth. In other traditions she was engendered, with the sky god RANGINUI, by a primordial androgynous being, ATEA. Paptuanuku and Ranginui are regarded as the primal parents of the pantheon who, through a prolonged period of intercourse, produced at least ten major deities as their children. In Maori culture Papatuanuku, like all deities, is represented only by inconspicuous, slightly worked stones or pieces of wood and not by the large totems, which are depictions of ancestors....
Deities name "Paramasva" Buddhist Great horse god usually depicted trampling four major Hindu deities underfoot. Buddhist
Deities name "Paramasva (great horse)" Buddhist / Mahayana God. Considered to be a form of HAYAGRIVA depicted with four legs and trampling the four major Hindu deities underfoot. Color: red. Attributes: arrow, bow, head of a horse, great lotus, lotus, staff and sword. Threeeyed....
God name "Sokar" Egypt Chthonic underworld god. Guardian deity of the necropolis at Memphis with possible fertility connotations and with strong links to OSIRIS beside whom he is also perceived as a restored god of the dead. He is also syncretized with the Memphis creator god PTAH in the Old kingdom (circa 4500 BC), where he may have originated as a god of various crafts associated with the manufacture of funerary trappings. He is depicted either as a hawk on a boat, or in human form with the head of a hawk and an elaborate atef crown (see Osiris). Sokar also enjoyed a major cult at Thebes where, in an annual festival celebrating the healthy continuation of the Divine kingship, he was conveyed in an elaborate barque. Also Sokaris (Greek)....
Supreme god name "Sudrem" Kafir / Afghanistan weather god. Little is known of this deity. He was created from the breath of the supreme god IMRA. Alternatively he sprang from a juniper branch. His wife is the goddess NangiWutr and he is the father of the major fertility goddess DISANI. He is depicted as a great golden buck with horns reaching to the sky. As a deity specifically concerned with Rain, he lives in a sacred lake, Sudrem Sur, at which all wild animals must drink once to survive. Also Sujum; Sudaram; Sataram....
"Ta'yan" Koryak / southeastern Siberia Supreme being. An indefinite character living somewhere in the zenith and generally out of touch with ordinary mortals. His consort is Supervisor Woman, Lapna'ut and his son is Cloud Man, YA'HALAN. He conducts business with the physical earth through his majordomo Big Raven, QUIKINNA'QU.See also TENANTO'MWAN....
Spirit name "Tenanto'mni" Chukchee / eastern Siberia Creator spirit. An indefinite and remote character living somewhere in the zenith of the sky. He created the world which was then transformed into its present state by the raven-like majordomo KU'URKIL....
Deities name "Titan" Greek A race of gods. The secondary group of deities in the pre-Hellenic pantheon, headed by the sky god OURANOS and the earth mother GAIA. They have six pairs of children: OKEANOS and TETHYS, KRONOS and RHEA, HYPERION and THEA, Koeos and Phoebe, IAPETOS and Klymene, Kreos and Eurybe. According to legend the children usurped their father but were eventually beaten by ZEUS, heading the major group of the pantheon, who hurled them into the abyss of Tartaros....
Goddess name "Tou Mou" Chinese Goddess of measure. Usually depicted with many arms and with a caste mark on her forehead, suggesting that she derives from the goddess of the aurora, MARICI, in Indian Buddhism. She is considered to live in the constellation of Ursa major and may also be an aspect of the astral goddess TIN HAU....
Deities name "Trayastrinsa (the thirty-three)" Hindu / Vedic Collective name for the group of deva gods. One of the many lists of deities in Hinduism, this one is contained in the Rg Veda and includes thirty-three names divided into three groups of eleven in each of the three worlds. Subsequently, the DEVAS were separated into eight VASUS, twelve ADITYAS, eleven RUDRAS and two ASVINS. In later Hinduism the number thirty-three is increased hyperbolically to 330 million and deva refers to gods excluding the major triad of BRAHMA, V ISNU and SIVA....
"Trimurti" Hindu Collective title for the major triad. A three-headed representation of BRAHMA, VISNU and SIVA as one entity. Contested by some authors, who argue that Brahma, who is almost invariably represented with four heads, would be included here with only one....
God name "Tumu-nui" Tahitan A major god in the Tahitan creation myth and he and his wife Paparaharaha were responsible for creating the pillars that hold up the sky.
God name "Ullr" Norse A son of Sif and a stepson of Thor who appears to have been a major god in prehistoric times. Norse
"Ursa Major" Roman Calisto, daughter of Lycaon, was violated by Jupiter, and Juno changed her into a bear. Jupiter placed her among the stars that she might be more under his protection. Roman
God name "Vanir" Nordic / Icelandic A major group of Norse gods the concerned with peace, prosperity & the fertility of the land
God name "Veles" Slavic A major Slavic god of earth, waters and the underworld, associated with dragons, cattle, magic, musicians, wealth and trickery. He is also the opponent of thunder-god Perun, and the battle between two of them constitutes one of the most important myths of Slavic mythology.
God name "Wadj Wer (the mighty green one)" Egypt Fertility god. Sometimes depicted in androgynous form, he personifies the Mediterranean Sea or the major lakes of the Nile delta. He is depicted carrying the ankh symbol of life, and a loaf. The figure often appears pregnant and is associated with the richness of the Nile delta waters....