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God Name and Meaning

List of Gods   : "vegetation"

NameOriginDescription
God name "ADONIS (lord)" Lebanon / Syria Fertility and vegetation god. Adonis is modeled on the Mesopotamian dying vegetation god DUMUZI (Hebrew: Tammuz). He appears as a youthful deity. The river Adonis [Nahr Ibrahim] is sacred to him largely because its waters flow red after heavy Winter Rains, having become saturated with ferrous oxide. In Hellenic tradition he is the son of the mythical Cyprian king Cinyras and his mother is MYRRHA. According to Hesiod he is also the son of Phoenix and Alphesiboea. He is the consort of APHRODITE. Tradition has it that he was killed by a boar during a hunting expedition and is condemned to the underworld for six months of each year, during which the earth's vegetation parches and dies under the summer Sun and drought. He was honored in a spring festival when priests in effeminate costume gashed themselves with knives. Frequently depicted nude and sometimes carrying a lyre. Also ATTIS (Phrygian); ATUNIS (Etruscan)....
Goddess name "ATTIS" Phrygia / northwestern Turkey vegetation god. Attis is a “dying and rising” fertility god modeled on the Mesopotamian DUMUZI. He is considered to have originated as a shepherd. In alternative traditions, KYBELE, the “great mother,” is either his mother or purely his consort. Another legend suggests he was conceived immaculately by the demigoddess NANA when she placed a ripe almond in her bosom....
God name "Abu" Mesopotamia Minor plant and vegetation god who sprung from head of Enki Mesopotamia
God name "Abu" Mesopotamian / Sumerian Minor vegetation god. Said to have sprung from the head of the god ENKI, thus symbolizing plants emerging from the earth's soil....
God name "Adonis" Phoenicia / Syria A dying & resurrected god that embodies vegetation scorched by the heat of the summer Sunshine
God name "Ah Bolon Dz'acab (many generations)" Mayan / Mesoamerican / Mexico Chthonic fertility god. A god identified with Rain and thunder. Also strongly linked with Agriculture and young crops. Possibly a vegetation avatara of the iguana god ITZAM NA. Attributes include a leaf-like ornament worn in the nose. Also God K....
God name "Ah Uuc Ticab" Mayan Minor vegetation and fertility god Mayan
God name "Ah Uuc Ticab" Mayan / Mesoamerican / Mexico Chthonic god. Minor fertility and vegetation deity....
Deities name "Alatangana" Africa With Sa, one of two creator deities he created land from swamp and placed vegetation on earth. He then eloped with the Sa's daughter and fathered seven boys and seven girls. Kono - Eastern Guinea, West Africa
Deities name "Alatangana" Kono / eastern Guinea, West Africa Creator god. One of two creator deities; the other is SA. ALATANGANA created land from swamp and placed vegetation on earth. VAJRAPANI and a large number of minor names.See also AMITABHA, AMOGHASIDDHI, RATNASAMBHAVA and VAIROCANA....
God name "Aleyin" Phonecian major God of springs and Rainy-season vegetation. 'He who rides the clouds' often has with him seven companions and eight wild boars. Phonecian
Goddess name "Anna Kmari" Indian Local vegetation goddess. Worshiped by the Oraon tribe of Chota Nagpur. The recipient of human sacrifice in the spring months, she was believed to endow riches on the sacrificer and to ensure plentiful harvest while living in his house in the form of a child....
Goddess name "Anna Kuari" India / Oraon Local vegetation goddess who can give good crops and make a man rich, but to induce her to do so it is necessary to offer human sacrifices. India / Oraon
Goddess name "Ariadnri" Greek Goddess of vegetation. Possibly derived from an unnamed Minoan goddess identified on Crete. According to Homer and Hesiod she is a daughter of MINOS and a consort of DIONYSOS. Her crown, given by ZEUS, is the Corona Borealis. Tradition has it that she was wooed and then deserted by the hero Theseus....
Goddess name "Asnan" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian vegetation goddess. Minor deity probably known to the Sumerians from circa 3500BC or earlier. She is concerned with the abundance of grain in the fields, sent as its protectress by the gods ENLIL and ENKI. According to creation accounts, she and the cattle god LAHAR were first intended to serve the needs of the Annunaki, the celestial children of AN, but when the heavenly creatures were found unable to make use of their products, humankind was created to provide an outlet for their services. Attributes: ears of corn sprouting from her shoulders....
Goddess name "Atargatis" Northern Syrian Mother goddess. She enjoyed major cults at Khirbet Tannur, where she is depicted as the vegetation goddess in nine separate variations, and at Khirbet Brak, where she is associated with dolphins. She often carries a cornucopia linking her with the goddess TYCHE (fortune) and may commonly be flanked by lions. She sometimes carries a rudder or wears the mural crown of a city guardian. There are hints of sky affinities in some depictions, with a sign of the zodiac or a nimbus-like veil....
Goddess name "BAAL (lord)" Western Semitic / Canaanite / northern Israel, Lebanon / later Egypt vegetation deity and national god. Baal may have originated in pre-agricultural times as god of storms and Rain. He is the son of DAGAN and in turn is the father of seven storm gods, the Baalim of the Vetus Testamentum, and seven midwife goddesses, the SASURATUM. He is considered to have been worshiped from at least the nineteenth century BC. Later he became a vegetation god concerned with fertility of the land. From the mid-sixteenth century BC in the Egyptian New kingdom, Baal enjoyed a significant cult following, but the legend of his demise and restoration was never equated with that of OSIRIS. In the Greco-Roman period, Baal became assimilated in the Palestine region with ZEUS and JUPITER, but as a Punic deity [Carthage] he was allied with SATURNUS, the god of seed-sowing....
Deities name "Baa! Samin (lord of heaven)" Western Semitic / Phoenician Head of the pantheon. Probably originated in Canaanite culture as a god of Rain and vegetation, but became extensively revered in places as far apart as Cyprus and Carthage. Epithets include “bearer of thunder.” Baal Samin is first mentioned in a fourteenth century BC treaty between the Hittite king Suppiluliuma and Nigmadu II of Ugarit. He had a major sanctuary at Byblos, according to inscription, “built by Yehemilk.” Josephus confirms that his cult existed at the time of Solomon. At Karatepe his name appears at the head of a list of national deities and on Seleucid coinage he is depicted wearing a half-moon crown and carrying a radiate Sun disc. Other epithets include “lord of eternity” and he may also have been god of storms at sea, a patron deity of mariners. By Hellenic times he equated with ZEUS in the Greek pantheon and the Romans identified him as Caelus (sky). Also Baal-Samem....
Goddess name "Bera Pennu" India earth and vegetation goddess. India
Goddess name "Bera Pennu" Northern Indian vegetation goddess. Worshiped by the Khonds in Bengal. She was the recipient of human sacrifice to ensure good harvest, particularly of the spice turmeric, and as a protection against disease and infirmity. The sacrificial victim or meriab was youthful, often kept for years as a holy person before death and was always either the offspring of a previous sacrificial victim, or purchased from impoverished families for the purpose. He or she was generally strangled, sometimes in the fork of a tree, after days of festivities. In other instances the victim was cut up alive....
Goddess name "Bhumi Devata" India A vegetation goddess
Goddess name "Bhumi Devata" Indian vegetation goddess. Worshiped by many primitive tribes....
Goddess name "Birrahgnooloo" Australian aboriginal Creator goddess. She is recognized by several aboriginal clans as the chief consort of BAIAME, the creator god. Revered as the all-mother of humankind and creator of living things on earth, her role largely parallels that of Baiame. Traditions suggest that during the Dreamtime she planted vegetation as she moved through the primordial world, fashioning creatures from clay and breathing spirit into human beings. Her eldest son is DARAMULUM or Gayandi, regarded as an intermediary between Baiame and humankind....
God name "Bres Macelatha" Celtic / Irish vegetation god. The son of ERIU and of the Fomorian king Elatha. He is therefore part TUATHA DE DANAAN by parentage but, having become Lord of Ireland, he sides with the Fomorians in the Battle of Moytura and is defeated. Concerned with the supply of food from the land....
God name "Bres Maclatha" Ireland vegetation god. Ireland
Goddess name "CHALCHIUHTLICUE (her skirt is of jade)" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico water goddess. Featuring strongly in creation mythology, Chalchiuhtlicue presided over the fourth of the world ages which terminated in a great deluge. She is the tutelary deity of the fourth of the thirteen heavens identified at the time of the Spanish conquest, Ilhuicatl Citlalicue (the heaven of the star-skirted goddess). She takes the role of a vegetation goddess responsible for the flowering and fruiting of the green world, particularly maize; she also takes responsibility for such natural phenomena as whirlpools. Attributes include a rattle on a baton, and her dress is adorned with waterlilies....
Goddess name "Devi (the goddess)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Goddess epitomizing the active female principle. Devi evolved as a major goddess out of the older notion of mother and vegetation goddesses. She is seen more as an abstract principle who will nevertheless respond directly to worshipers' prayers. By the fifth century AD she appears in many forms as the active (feminine) aspect or power of male deities. General attributes: conch, hook, noose, prayer wheel and trident. Devi is also the generic name given to a female deity, in her capacity as the consort of a god or DEVA.See also SRI(DEVI), BHUMIDEVI....
Goddess name "Disir" Nordic / Icelandic / / Germanic Collective name for guardian goddesses. They were the subject of a sacrificial ritual in autumn and have strong fertility connotations as vegetation and fertility deities. They are identified in the Sigr drifumal (Poetic Edda) and include the Valkyries and Norns of Germanic mythology....
Goddess name "Djanggawuls" Aus The goddesses of fertility that messed up & created humanity & of vegetation
Goddess name "Duillae" Roman Fertility and vegetation goddess Roman / Iberia
Goddess name "Duillae" RomanoIberian Fertility and vegetation goddesses. Comparable with the MATRES in Gaul....
God name "Dumuzi" Summerian Summerian form of Tammuz, a god of vegetation, fertility and the underworld. Possibly the husband of Inanna.
God name "Dusara" Semitic Local god associated with vegetation and fertility survived until about 500 BCE. Semitic
God name "Dus”ara (‘the one' of s ara)" Western Semitic / Nabataean Local tutelary god. Associated with vegetation and fertility in the Hauran region from about 312 BC until circa AD 500. Regarded as a supreme deity, comparable to BAAL S AMIN, who never achieved Dus ara's popularity among the nomadic Nabataeans, for whom farming was precarious. He was represented by a black obelisk at Petra. Sacred animals are the eagle and panther. Attributes include a vine stem. In Hellenic times he was the subject of inscriptions at Delos and Miletus and he was equated with DIONYSOS. Also Dus ares; Dus-S ara....
God name "Emes" Sumeria God of vegetation. Sumeria
God name "Emes”" Mesopotamian / Sumerian vegetation god. Emes was created at the wish of ENLIL to take responsibility on earth for woods, fields, sheep folds and stables. He is identified with the abundance of the earth and with summer. An unidentified deity who is depicted iconographically with a plough may well be Emes....
Goddess name "Fauna" Roman Minor vegetation goddess. Consort of FAUNUS with guardianship of woods and plants....
God name "Faunus" Roman Minor vegetation god. Consort of FAUNA with guardianship of woods and plants. He was given many of the attributes of the Greek god PAN including horns and legs of a goat....
Goddess name "Freyja" Norse A goddess of fertility & vegetation
God name "Fu-His" China God of Agriculture / vegetation and inventor of writing. China
Goddess name "Gefion" Scandinavia A vegetation and fertility goddess. Scandinavia
God name "Haumiatiketike" Maori vegetation god Polynesia / Maori
God name "Haumiatiketike" Polynesian / including Maori vegetation god. The deity concerned with wild plants gathered as food, and particularly with the rhizome of the bracken which has been traditionally relied on by the Maori in times of famine or need....
God name "Haumiatiketike/ Haumia" Polynesia / Maori A vegetation God
Goddess name "Helene" Greek A vegetation goddess, she is the one the Trojan war was fought over
God name "Hishe" Botswana The great self-created god who then created all the lesser gods, the earth, mankind, wild animals and vegetation. Botswana
God name "Huisiniamui" Peru A god of the Sun and sky. He invented vegetation, but was also fond of headhunting and cannibalism. Peru
God name "Hyakinthos" Greek God of vegetation. An ancient pre-Homeric deity known particularly from Amyklai (preDorian seat of kingship at Sparta). He is beloved by APOLLO who perversely kills him with a discus and changes him into a flower. At Amyklai the bronze of Apollo stands upon an altar-like pedestal said to be the grave of Hyakinthos and, prior to sacrifice being made to Apollo, offerings to Hyakinthos were passed through a bronze door in the pedestal....
God name "Hyaninthos" Greek A god of vegetation. Hyacinthus is a Divine hero from Greek mythology.
God name "Itzam Cab" Mayan / Mesoamerican / Mexico Chthonic earth god. The earth aspect of the creator god ITZAM NA. He is also a god of fire, and hearthstones are called “head of Itzam Cab.” Sticks of firewood are his thighs, flames his tongue and the pot resting on the fire his liver. In his vegetation aspect he is depicted with leaves of maize sprouting from his head....
Goddess name "Ix Kanan" Mayan / Mesoamer ican / Mexico vegetation goddess. The guardian of the bean plant. Her consort is the maize god IH P'EN. The cou ple are invoked at sowing time when turkeys and chickens are sacrificed....
Deity name "Jarilo" Slavic A major Proto-Slavic deity of vegetation, fertility and spring, also associated with war and harvest.
Deities name "Kabirroi" Greek bees were of vegetation and deities, commonly thought of as twins & Mail
God name "Kahdir" Africa vegetation god of the got his immortality by drinking from the well of life Africa
God name "Kahdir/ Al Kahdir" N Africa A vegetation god of the got his immortality by drinking from the well of life
Goddess name "Kamrusepa" Hittite / Hurrian Goddess of healing. Mother of Aruna. Involved in the legend of TELEPINU, the “missing” vegetation fertility god....
God name "Khadir" Pre - Islamic north African vegetation god. He wanders the earth returning to the same spot once in every 500 years and is said to have gained his immortality by drinking from the well of life. Similar in some respects to the Syrian god ADONIS and revered by Alexander the Great. Normally referred to as Al-Khidr (the green one)....
God name "Khem" Egypt God of life and growth in nature, vegetation, animals, fertility Egypt
Goddess name "Kshumai" Kafir / Afghanistan Fertility goddess. A benefi cent goddess appearing in the guise of a goat. Legend has it that either she or her eldest daugh ter is the mother of the god MON. She is said to have given mankind the boon of goats, grapes, other fruit and vegetation in general. She was called upon in times of sickness. She is depicted in wooden statues with prominent long breasts and vulva. Also Kime....
Goddess name "Kundalini" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Mother goddess. The spirit of the earth perceived in human form and responsible for the provision of all food from the soil. The earth is considered to be sacred and should not be owned by any one person, but can be utilized for the benefit of the community as a whole. Kundalini is believed to have been the mother of all other vegetation deities....
Spirit name "Kupole" Lithuanian The spirit of springtime vegetation and flowers. The Festival of Kupole was associated with Feast of St. John the Baptist. In this festival, women picked sacral herbs, danced and sang songs. Kupolines is also known as Rasos. Lithuanian
Goddess name "MORRIGAN (queen of demons)" Celtic / Irish war, fertility and vegetation goddess. A complex goddess displaying various characteristics which are both generative and destructive (see also ANAT, INANA, IS'TAR, ATHENE). At the festival of Samain, she mates with the DAGDA to ensure the future prosperity of the land and as queen Maeve (Medb) of Connaught she was ritually wedded to the mortal king whose antecedent was Ailill. As Nemain (panic) and Badb Catha (raven of battle), she takes on a more warlike and destructive aspect. Rather than engaging directly in conflict, she uses her supernatural powers to spread fear and disarray. The Irish hero Cu Chulainn was thus visited on the battle field by BADB driving a chariot and dressed in a red cloak and with red eyebrows presenting an intimidating appearance. She is capable of changing her shape into various animal forms and in the guise of a raven or a crow is able to foretell the outcome of battle....
Goddess name "Ma" Anatolia mountain Mother and a fertility and vegetation goddess. Anatolia
Goddess name "Ma" Cappadocia / Anatolia / Turkey A fertility & vegetation goddess
Goddess name "Ma" Cappadocian / Anatolia / Turkey Fertility and vegetation goddess. The tutelary goddess of Pontic Comana, she was served by votary priestesses acting as sacred prostitutes, and biennial festivals were celebrated in her honor. Gradually she took on an added role as a warrior goddess with solar connotations and ultimately became syncretized with the Roman goddess BELLONA. On coins of the Comana region she is depicted with the radiate head of a solar deity carrying weapons and a shield....
Supreme god name "Makonaima" British Makunaima. The supreme god and creator who sent his son Sigu to rule over the earth. Among the Makushi he created the sky and earth, vegetation, animals and men. Among the Ackawoi and Caribs, he created birds, animals, and food plants, assisted by his son Sigu. British Guiana
God name "Malakbel" N Arabia A vegetation god
God name "Malakbel" Pre - Islamic northern Arabian vegetation god. Mentioned as the brother of AGLIBOL on an inscription at Palmyra dated to AD 132....
God name "Malakbel N" Arabic , vegetation god Arabic
Goddess name "N ssaba" Mesopotamian / Sumerian Goddess of writing and wisdom. A daughter of AN and probably orig inally a vegetation deity. Her symbol is the inscribing stylus. She is a patron deity of Unug [Warka]....
Spirit name "Naimuena" Colombia / Ecuador A great ancestral spirit worshipped as a supreme being, the creator, and a vegetation god. The Uitoto, Colombia and Ecuador
Spirit name "Neper" Egypt God of grain crops. The son of the snake spirit RENENUTET, he is subservient to HAPY, the god of the Nile flood, and has links with OSIRIS as a vegetation deity who dies and is reborn to the afterlife. In female form the deity becomes Nepit....
"Pamulak" Philippines The creator of the universe, of vegetation and of man. The Bagobo, Philippines
God name "Pellon Pekko" Pre - Christian Finnish vegetation god. The deity responsible for the germination and harvesting of barley used to make beer. The first brewing is dedicated to Pellon Pekko. He may have largely become syncretized with St. Peter under Christian influence.See also PEKKO....
God name "Sampsa" Finnish vegetation god who gives life to seed who lies dormant through the Winter. Finnish
God name "Sampsa (sedge)" Pre - Christian Finnish vegetation god. He is perceived as a giver of life to seed which lies dormant through the Winter months. His unnamed consort, to whom he is wed in a form of sacred marriage which takes place at sowing time, is also his stepmother....
Goddess name "Saraddevi" Buddhist Fertility and vegetation goddess associated autumn Buddhist / Tibet
Goddess name "Saraddevi (goddess of autumn)" BuddhistLamaist / Tibet Fertility and vegetation goddess. Associated with autumn, and an attendant of the goddess SRIDEVI. Her sacred animal is an antelope. Attributes: cup, knife and peacock feather....
God name "Sarigarios" Phrygian / northwestern Turkey River god. A Hellenized version of an Asiatic god whose daughter, NANA, is, according to some traditions, the mother of the vegetation god ATTIS. She impregnated herself with an almond seed....
God name "Soului" Hua / W Africa A benevolent vegetation god also in charge of Medicine & music
God name "Soului" Hua / southeastern Ghana, West Africa vegetation god. A benevolent deity who can bestow wealth as well as good harvests. He is also god of Medicine and of the sounds of music. His devotees wear white and daub white chalk on their faces. His symbol is the cowrie shell....
God name "Soului Hua" Africa Benevolent vegetation god also in charge of Medicine and music Africa(west)
Goddess name "Takotsi Nakawe (our grandmother growth)" Huichol Indian / Mesoamerican / Mexico Chthonic vegetation goddess. The earth and all plant life belong to her and she is regarded as the mother of the gods, particularly of the fire god TATEVALI. She is very old and is invoked to give the boon of longevity. Her sacred tree is a form of fig, the salate....
Goddess name "Takotsi Nakawe Huichol" Mexico Chthonic vegetation goddess, all plant life and the earth are hers Mexico
Goddess name "Tammuz / Dumuzi / Dumuzi-Abzu" Mesopotamia God of vegetation, city goddess of Kinirsha, in Eridu viewed as male, the son of Enki
God name "Tatenen" Egypt Chthonic vegetation god, the apotheosis of the Nile silt Egypt
God name "Tatenen (exalted earth)" Egypt Chthonic god. Originates as a vegetation god from Memphis, the apotheosis of the Nile silt which appears after the inundation has subsided. As a vegetation god, he is depicted anthropomorphically with green face and limbs and wearing a crown with plumes subtended by ram's horns. By the time of the Old kingdom (twenty-seventh to twenty-second centuries BC) he is recognized as an emanation of the god PTAH, involved in the creation process and mentioned on the Shabaka Stone (Memphis), where he is described as “father of the gods” and is perceived as an androgynous being. He also protects the royal dead....
Spirit name "Tatqa'hicin" Koryak / SW Siberia A vegetation spirit spirit
Spirit name "Tatqa'hicnin (root man)" Koryak / southeastern Siberia vegetation spirit. A vaguely defined being who is chthonic and lives under the ground, presumably controlling edible roots and their availability....
God name "Taumata-Atua" Polynesia vegetation god who presides over the fields Polynesia
Deities name "Taumata-Atua" Polynesian / including Maori vegetation god. He presides over the fields and may be the god Rongomatane under an alternative name. In Maori culture Taumata-Atua, like all deities, is represented only by inconspicuous, slightly worked stones or pieces of wood and not by the large totems, which are depictions of ancestors....
Goddess name "Ua-Tldak" Mesopotamian / BabylonianAkkadian vegetation goddess. The deity responsible for pastures and poplar trees....
God name "Ugar" Western Semitic / Syrian vegetation god. Possibly linked with the Canaanite city of Ugarit [Ras Samra]....
Goddess name "Uttu" Mesopotamian / Sumerian vegetation goddess and goddess of weaving. Not to be confused with UTU the Sun god, Uttu is a minor deity whose father is ENKI. According to legend, Enki first impregnated the mother goddess NINHURSAG A, whose nine-day gestation produced the goddess NIN-S'AR. She in turn was impregnated by Enki and, after a similar nine-day gestation, gave birth to the goddess NINKURRA. Through the same procedure with her grandfather, Ninkurra conceived the goddess Uttu. She is depicted as the goddess of weaving and of spiders....
Spirit name "Ve'ai" Koryak / S Siberia The feminine vegetation spirit & personification of the grasslands
Spirit name "Ve'ai (grass woman)" Koryak / southeastern Siberia vegetation spirit. The personification of the grasslands and their guardian deity. She is perceived as a shaman / ca and is the consort of EME'MQUT....
Spirit name "Velaute'mtilan" Koryak / SE Siberia He is a vegetation spirit
Spirit name "Velaute'mtilan (sedge man)" Koryak / southeastern Siberia vegetation spirit. The personification of the sedges and therefore guardian of the boggy tundras and their animals....
God name "Venda" Dravidian Creator god, an ancient vegetation deity Dravidian / Tamil
God name "Venda" Dravidian / Tamil / southern India Creator god. An ancient vegetation deity. Worshiped in villages on the plains, thought to live in trees and equated with Indra....
Supreme god name "Voltumna" Etruscan Tutelary god. Originally a vegetation deity who was elevated to the position of supreme god in the Etruscan pantheon and known in Roman culture as VERTUMNUS....
"Welchanos" Greek Minor divinity of vegetation and fertility. Greek
Goddess name "Xilonen" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Minor vegetation goddess. An aspect of the maize goddess Chicomecoatl, personifying the young maize plant....
God name "Yum Kaax" Mayan / Mesoamerican / Mexico vegetation god. The deity concerned with the growing and harvesting of maize, but also of husbandry in general. Depicted as a youthful figure with an ear of corn in his headdress. Also God E....
Goddess name "Zemyna" Pre - Christian Lithuanian Chthonic goddess. A deity with responsibility for vegetation andcrops. She was invoked at sowing and harvesting times....