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God Name and Meaning

List of Gods   : "Mexico"

NameOriginDescription
God name "Ac Yanto (our helper)" Mayan / Mesoamerican / Mexico God of white men. The brother of the creator god...
God name "Acan" Mayan / Yucatec, Mesoamerican / Mexico God of wine. Identified with the local brew, balche, made from fermented honey to which the bark of the balche tree has been added....
God name "Acat" Mayan / Mesoamerican / Mexico God of tattooers. Acca Larentia...
Goddess name "Acna/ Akna" Maya / Mexico A mother goddess
Deities name "Acolmiztli (shoulder-lion)" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Minor chthonic underworld god. One of the deities collectively classed as the MICTLANTECUHTLI complex....
Deities name "Acolnahuacatl" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Minor chthonic underworld god. One of the deities collectively classed as the MICTLANTECUHTLI complex....
God name "Ah Bolon Dz'acab (many generations)" Mayan / Mesoamerican / Mexico Chthonic fertility god. A god identified with Rain and thunder. Also strongly linked with Agriculture and young crops. Possibly a vegetation avatara of the iguana god ITZAM NA. Attributes include a leaf-like ornament worn in the nose. Also God K....
Deities name "Ah Cancun" Mayan / Mesoamerican / Mexico Hunting god. One of a number of deities in Mayan religion identified with the hunt and the protection of animals. Also Acanum....
Deity name "Ah Chun Caan" Mexico be deity though of the city of Merida
God name "Ah Chun Caan (he of the base of the sky)" Mayan / Yucatec, Mesoamerican / Mexico Local god. The tutelary deity of the city of Merida. Mentioned in the Vienna Dictionary....
God name "Ah Ciliz" Mayan / Mesoamerican / Mexico God of solar eclipses. He is said to eat the Sun during an eclipse, but at other times attends upon the Sun god, serving him meals....
God name "Ah Cuxtal (come to hfe)" Mayan / Lacandon, Mesoamerican / Mexico God of birth. Responsible for the safe delivery of women....
God name "Ah Hulneb (he of the spear thrower)" Mayan / Mesoamerican / Mexico God of war. The local guardian deity of the city of Cozumel....
Goddess name "Ah Kin (he of the sun)" Mayan / Mesoamerican / Mexico Sun god. A deity of ambivalent personality, the young suitor of the moon goddess Acna, also the aged Sun god in the sky. He is feared as the bringer of drought, but also protects mankind from the powers of evil associated with darkness. Said to be carried through the underworld at night on the shoulders of the god Sucunyum. Ah Kin is prayed to at Sunrise and rituals include the burning of incense. He is invoked to cure illness and to bring wives to bachelors. Attributes include a square third eye subtended by a loop, a strong Roman nose, a squint and incisor teeth filed to a T-shape. Also Acan Chob (Lacandon); Chi Chac Chob; Kinich Ahau; God G....
God name "Ah Kin Xoc" Mayan / Mesoamerican / Mexico God of poetry. Regarded as a great singer and musician since most Mayan poetry is Sung or chanted. He may appear as a hummingbird and is considered by some authorities to be an avatara of the Sun god. Also Ah Kin Xocbiltun; P'izlimtec....
Deities name "Ah Kumix Uiinicob" Mayan / Yucatec, Mesoamerican / Mexico Attendant water gods. The four diminutive deities which take over from the giant AH PATNAR UINICOB deities during the dry season....
God name "Ah Muun" Mayan / Yucatec, Mesoamerican / Mexico Maize god. The deity responsible for protecting the unripe maize....
Deities name "Ah Muuzencab" Mayan / Yucatec, Mesoamerican / Mexico Bee gods. The patron deities of apiarists still invoked in parts of the Yucatan. They are thought to be represented iconographically on the tops and bottoms of stone columns at the site of Chichen Itza as aged men with long beards and upraised arms. They wear loin cloths with distinctive cross hatching....
Deities name "Ah Patnar Uinicob (owners of the jars men)" Mayan / Yucatec, Mesoamerican / Mexico Attendant water gods. Four huge deities who pour water on to the earth from jars. The end of the dry season is marked on May 3, completing an eight day Rain ceremony....
God name "Ah Peku" Mayan / Lacandon, Mesoamerican / Mexico Thunder god. He lives on the tops of hills and climbs into the clouds before it Rains....
Deities name "Ah Tabai" Mayan / Mesoamerican / Mexico Hunting god. One of a number of deities in Mayan religion identified with the hunt and the protec tion of animals....
God name "Ah Uuc Ticab" Mayan / Mesoamerican / Mexico Chthonic god. Minor fertility and vegetation deity....
Goddess name "Ahnt Alis Pok'" Mexico Very small goddess, only two feet tall who lives with her mother. Mexico
Goddess name "Ahnt kai" Mexico Goddess of women and children. Daughter of Koo-mah'mm hahs-ay' tahm (First Woman). She flies at night and lives above the peak of Tiburon. Mexico
Goddess name "Aialila'axa" Mexico Goddess of the moon. She holds in her arms a rabbit, a symbol of fertility, whose profile can be seen on the face of the moon. Mexico
Deities name "Amimiti" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Minor god of lakes and fish hunters. One of the deities collectively classed as the MIXCOATLCAMAXTLI complex....
Goddess name "Apozanoltl" Aztec / Mexico A running water goddess
Spirit name "Aquariel" Mexico God of magic mushrooms who opens the doors of perception and grants transcendent and cosmic understanding and spiritually evolvion. Mexico.
God name "At" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Creator god. The Sun deity representing the fourth of the five world ages each of which lasted for 2,028 heavenly years, each heavenly year being fifty-two terrestrial years. Assigned to water and presided over by CHALCHIUHTLICUE. According to tradition, the age ended in a cataclysmic destruction caused by a deluge during which all the human population were turned into fish. Illustrated by the “Stone of the Four Suns” [Yale Peabody Museum]. Also 4(Atl), Atonatiuh and Chalchiutonatiuh....
God name "At ahua" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Minor god of lakes and fish hunters. One of the group classed as the Mixcoatlcamaxtli complex....
Deities name "Bacabs" Mayan / Mesoamerican / Mexico Attendant gods. Four deities identified with points of the compass and colors, thus Hobnil (red) resides in the east, Can Tzicnal (white) in the north, Zac Cimi (black) in the west and Hozanek (yellow) in the south. They are also identified as the Toliloch (opossum actors) in the Codex Dresden, where each carries the image of the ruling god for the incoming year on his back. Hobnil is also a patron deity of beekeepers....
Deities name "Balam (jaguar)" Mayan / Yucatec, Mesoamerican / Mexico Guardian deities. Poorly defined spirits who protect individuals in daily life. Four balam stand at the cardinal points around a village to guard against dangerous animals. They also protect the four sides of a milpa (smallholding) against thieves....
Deities name "Bolon Ti Ku" Mayan / Mesoamerican / Mexico Chthonic underworld gods. A collective term for a group of nine deities not otherwise clearly defined. They are probably still invoked by modern Mexican Indians....
God name "Buluc Chabtan" Mayan / Mesoamerican / Mexico God of war. Associated with human sacrifice and depicted with a characteristic black line encircling the eye and extending down the cheek. Also God F....
Goddess name "CHALCHIUHTLICUE (her skirt is of jade)" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico water goddess. Featuring strongly in creation mythology, Chalchiuhtlicue presided over the fourth of the world ages which terminated in a great deluge. She is the tutelary deity of the fourth of the thirteen heavens identified at the time of the Spanish conquest, Ilhuicatl Citlalicue (the heaven of the star-skirted goddess). She takes the role of a vegetation goddess responsible for the flowering and fruiting of the green world, particularly maize; she also takes responsibility for such natural phenomena as whirlpools. Attributes include a rattle on a baton, and her dress is adorned with waterlilies....
Goddess name "CIPACTLI (great earth mother)" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Primordial goddess. Not strictly a goddess, but significant enough in Aztec cosmogony to be included here. According to tradition she was created in the form of a huge alligator-like monster by the underworld deities MICTLANTECUHLTI and MICTECACIHUATL. She may equate with TLALTECUHTLI, the toad-like earth monster torn apart to form heaven and earth. According to one tradition she emerged from the primordial waters and engaged in a fierce struggle with the Sun god TEZCATLIPOCA during which he tore off her lower jaw to prevent her sinking back into the depths and she bit off his right foot. The mountains are said to be the scaly ridges of her skin....
Goddess name "COATLICUE (the serpent-skirted goddess)" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Mother goddess. The creator goddess of the earth and mankind and the female aspect of OMETEOTL. One of the group classed as the TETEOINNAN complex. She has 400 sons, the stars of the southern sky, and is the mother of the goddess COYOLXAUHQUI. Later, as a widow, she was impregnated by a ball of feathers as she was sweeping the “serpent mountain” of Coatepec near Tula. Her other children decapitated her as punishment for her dishonor, but she gave birth to the Sun god HUITZILOPOCHTLI who subsequently slew Coyolxauhqui and her brothers, thus banishing night for day. According to tradition Coatlicue feeds off human corpses. She is also recognized as the patron deity of florists....
Deities name "Cacoch" Mayan / Mesoamerican / Mexico Creator god. According to tradition he engendered the water lily from which sprang all the other deities of the Mayan pantheon. He is also portrayed as a messenger of the creator god HACHACYUM. Also Kacoch....
God name "Camaxtli" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico God. See also MIXCOATL-CAMAXTLI....
Deities name "Ce Acati" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Minor creator god. One of the deities collectively classed as the QUETZALCOATL complex. Also (1) Acatl....
Goddess name "Centeocihuati" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Maize goddess. Represented at various sites including Tula [Hidalgo]. According to the codices Borgia, Cospi and Fejervery-Mayer she is also one of four temple deities. Also Centeotl....
God name "Chac" Mayan / Yucatec, Mesoamerican / Mexico Rain god(s). Not part of the hierarchy of Mayan gods, but worshiped with great devotion at local level. Originally there was a god, Chaac, who was of huge size and who taught mankind Agriculture. He was regarded as the god of thunder, lightning, Rain and bread, and of milpas (smallholdings) and their produce. Also God B....
Demon name "Chac Uayab Xoc" Mayan / Yucatec, Mesoamerican / Mexico Fish god. Known as the “great demon shark,” he feeds on the bodies of drowned fishermen, but also provides catches....
Deities name "Chalchiuhtlatonal (jade glowing)" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico God of water. One of the deities collectively classed as the Tlaloc complex, generally concerned with Rain, Agriculture and fertility....
Deities name "Chalchiutotolin (jade turkey)" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico God of penitence. One of the deities collectively classed as the TEZCATLIPOCA complex....
Goddess name "Chalmecacihuilt (chalman lady)" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Minor chthonic underworld goddess. One of the deities collectively classed as the MICTLANTECUHTLI complex....
Deities name "Chalmecatl" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Minor chthonic underworld god. One of the deities collectively classed as the MICTLANTECUHTLI complex....
Goddess name "Chantico (in the house)" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Hearth goddess. A household guardian deity personi fied by hearth fires. One of the deities collectively classed as the XIUHTECUHTLI complex....
God name "Chaob (carrying off)" Mayan / Lacandon, Mesoamerican / Mexico wind god(s). They live in the four cardinal directions and, according to tradition, will bring about the end of the current world with earthquakes and tempests when the last of the Lacandon people dies. They will blow so hard that they blast the monkeys out of the trees. The names of two are identified, Hunaunic in the east and Chikinkuh in the West....
God name "Chicomexochiti" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico God of painters. Also described as a god of solar pleasure....
Goddess name "Chiconahui" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Hearth goddess. A household guardian deity personified by hearth fires. One of the deities collectively classed as the XIUHTECUHTLI complex....
God name "Chiconahui Itzcuintii-Chantico" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico God of lapidiaries. Chikara...
Deities name "Chiconahuiehecati" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Minor creator god. One of the deities collectively classed as the QUETZALCOATL complex....
God name "Chul Tatic Chites Vaaneg (holy father, creator of man)" Mayan / Mesoamerican / Mexico Creator god. Thought to be the Mayan name of the Christian god....
Goddess name "Chulavete" Mexico Goddess of the morning star Mexico
Goddess name "Cihuacoatl-Quilaztli" Aztec / Mesomerican / Mexico Creator goddess. Using a magical vessel, she grinds bone fragments obtained from previous generations of mankind in earlier world ages into a powder. The gods then commit self-sacrifice, allowing their blood to drip into the vessel. From the resulting mix, the human race of the fifth Sun is formed....
Goddess name "Cipactli" Aztec / Mexico A primordial goddess of water
Deities name "Cipactonal" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Creator god. One of the deities collectively classed as the OMETEOTL complex....
God name "Cit Chac Coh" Mayan / Mesoamerican / Mexico God of war. Identified as a red puma....
Deities name "Citlalatonac (glowing star)" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Creator god. One of the deities collectively classed as the OMETEOTL complex. His consort is CITLALICUE. Between them they created the stars of the night sky....
Goddess name "Citlalicue (her skirt is a star)" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Creator goddess. One of the deities collectively classed as the Ometeotl complex. Her consort is Citlalatonac. Between them they created the stars of the night sky....
God name "Cizin (stench)" Mayan / Yucatec / other tribes, Mesoamerican / Mexico God of death. The most important death god in the Mayan cultural area. Said to live in Metnal, the Yucatec place of death, and to burn the souls of the dead. He first burns the mouth and anus and, when the soul complains, douses it with water. When the soul complains of this treatment, he burns it again until there is nothing left. It then goes to the god Sicunyum who spits on his hands and cleanses it, after which it is free to go where it chooses. Attributes of Cizin include a fleshless nose and lower jaw, or the entire head may be depicted as a skull. Spine and ribs are often showing. He wears a collar with death eyes between lines of hair and a long bone hangs from one earlobe. His body is painted with black and particularly yellow spots (the Mayan color of death)....
Deities name "Co(co)chimetl (soporific)" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Minor god of merchants and commerce. One of the deities collectively classed as the YACATECUHTLI complex....
God name "Cocijo" Mexico Rain god Zapotec / Mexico
God name "Cocijo" Zapotec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Rain god. Known to have been worshiped by the Monte Alban culture of Zapotec-speaking peoples in the Valley of Oaxaca....
Goddess name "Colel Cab (mistress of the earth)" Mayan / Mesoamerican / Mexico Chthonic earth goddess. This may be another title for the IX ZACAL NOK aspect of the goddess CHIBIRIAS....
God name "Colop U Uichkin (tears out the eye of the sun)" Mayan / Mesoamerican / Mexico sky god. Said to live in the midst of the sky, but with a night avatara of the same name who lives in the underworld land of the dead, Metnal, and who is the bringer of disease....
Goddess name "Coyolxauhqui (golden bells)" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Astral goddess. A deification and incarnation (avatara) of the moon. According to tradition she is the half-sister of the Sun god HUITZILOPOCHTLI. The god sprang, fully armed, from his decapitated mother, COATLICUE, and engaged all his enemies who, by inference, are the 400 astral gods, his half-brothers. He slew his sister and hurled her from the top of a mountain. Alternative tradition suggests his sister was an ally whom he was unable to save, so he decapitated her and threw her head into the sky, where she became the moon. She was represented in the Great Temple at Tenochtitlan, where she was depicted in front of successive Huitzilopochtli pyramids. She is also a hearth deity within the group classed as the XIUHTECUHTLI complex....
Goddess name "Cueravaperi" Mexico Goddess of Rain and drought. Mexico
God name "Cum Hau" Mayan / Mesoamerican / Mexico Chthonic god of death. One of several names for a death god listed in the codices....
Deities name "Ehecatl" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Creator god. The Sun deity representing the second of the five world ages, each of which lasted for 2028 heavenly years, each heavenly year being fifty-two terrestrial years. Assigned to the air or wind and presided over by QUETZALCOATL, to whose complex of deities he belongs. According to tradition, the age ended in a cataclysmic destruction caused by hurricanes. All humanity turned into monkeys. Illustrated by the “Stone of the Four Suns” [Yale Peabody Museum]. Also (4) Ehecatl; Ehecatonatiuh....
God name "Ehecatl-Quetzalcoatl" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Primordial god. A syncretization of EHECATL and QUETZALCOATL, one of four gods who support the lowest heaven at each cardinal point. He is perceived as residing in the west (codices Borgia and Vaticanus B). He is the deity who rules over the ninth of the thirteen heavens, Itztapal Nanatzcayan (where the stone slabs crash together). In a separate tradition, EhecatlQuetzalcoatl executed the monstrous god XOLOTL when he declined to offer his blood in self-sacrifice for the creation of mankind....
God name "Ek Chuah" Mayan / Mesoamerican / Mexico God of merchants. Also the deity responsible for the cacao crop. (The cacao bean was traditionally the standard currency throughout Mesoamerica.) Probably of Putun origin, he is typically depicted painted black, except for a red area around the lips and chin. He has a distinctive downwardly projecting lower lip, horseshoe shapes around each eye and a highly elongated nose. He may also bear a scorpion's tail. Other attributes include a carrying strap in his headdress and sometimes a pack on his back. Also God M....
Goddess name "HUITZILPOCHTLI" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Blue hummingbird on left foot. Sun god, patron god of the Aztec nation. The tutelary god of the Aztecs who also regarded him as a war god. He is the southern (blue) aspect or emanation of the Sun god TEZCATLIPOCA, the so-called high-flying Sun, and the head of the group classed as the Huitzilpochtli complex. He is regarded, in alternative tradition, as one of the four sons of Tezcatlipoca. His mother is the decapitated earth goddess COATLICUE, from whose womb he sprang fully armed. He slaughtered his sister (moon) and his 400 brothers (stars) in revenge for the death of his mother, signifying the triumph of Sunlight over darkness....
Deity name "Hachacyum" Mexico The creator and principle deity of the Lacandon. Mexico
Deities name "Hachacyum (our very lord)" Mayan / Lacandon, Mesoamerican / Mexico Creator god. The creator of the world assisted by three other deities, his consort and two brothers, one of whom is Sucunyum, his counterpart (or alter ego) in the underworld. Also Nohochacyum (our great lord)....
"Hanoona Wilapona" Mexico The Sun-father of the Zuni Indians. New Mexico
God name "Hatdastsisi" Navaho / USA God. A benevolent deity, he cures disease through the medium of his priest, who flagellates the affected parts. His home is believed to be near Tsegihi in New Mexico. Sacrifices to Hatdastsisi are made up from reeds decorated with a design representing the blue yucca plant, which is buried in the earth to the east of the tribal lodge. His priest wears a buckskin mask decorated with owl feathers, and a spruce collar, but otherwise ordinary Navaho dress with white buckskin leggings....
God name "Hexchuchan" Mayan / Itza, Mesoamerican / Mexico God of war. One of several to whom the resin copal was burned before starting a battle. He may have been a tribal ancestor....
Goddess name "Hoatziqui" Mexico Goddess of justice Mexico
God name "Huehuecoyotl (old coyote)" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Minor god of sexual lust. One of the group classed as the XIUHTECUHTLI complex....
God name "Huehuecoyotl-Coyotlinahual (coyote his disguise)" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Minor god of feather workers. One of the group classed as the XIUHTECUHTLI complex....
God name "Huehuetotl (old god)" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico God of fire. Associated with paternalism and one of the group classed as the XIUHTECUHTLI complex....
King name "Huitzilopochtli" Aztec The Divine leader who rescued an ancestral people from his devastated island kingdom in the Atlantic Ocean, Aztlan. Arriving in the Valley of Mexico, they built a new capital to commemorate their lost city, when Tenochtitlan was constructed on a rocky island at the center of a man-made lake. Aztec
Goddess name "Huixtocihuatl (lady of Huixtorin)" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Goddess of salt-makers. One of the group classed as the TLALOC complex, generally involved with Rain, Agriculture and fertility....
God name "Hun Hunapu" Mayan / Yucatec / Quiche, Mesoamerican / Mexico Creator god. The father of HUNAPU and Ix Balan Ku. According to the sacred Mayan text Popol Vub, he was decapitated during a football game and his head became lodged in the calabash tree which bore fruit from that day....
God name "Hunab Ku" Mayan / Yucatec, Mesoamerican / Mexico Creator god. The greatest deity in the pantheon, no image is created of Hunab Ku since he is considered to be without form. His son is the iguana god, ITZAM NA, and he may have become the Mayan counterpart of the Christian god....
God name "Hunapu" Mayan / Yucatec / Quiche, Mesoamerican / Mexico Creator god. According to the sacred text Popol Vub, the son of HUN HUNAPU and the twin brother of Ix Balan Ku. Tradition has it that, like his father, he was decapitated in a historic struggle with the underworld gods and subsequently became the Sun god, while his sibling is the apotheosis of the moon....
God name "Hunhau" Mayan / Yucatec / Quiche, Mesoamerican / Mexico God of death. One of the several “lords of death” listed in the codices who rule the underworld, Mictlan. Hunhau is generally depicted with canine attributes, or with the head of an owl.See also YUM CIMIL. Also God A....
Goddess name "Ih P'eu" Mayan / Mesoamerican / Mexico Chthonic fertility god. The deity concerned with the growth of plants, and consort of the bean goddess IX KANAN. He is also god of family life, property and other wealth. The couple are invoked as a single personality with the sacrificeof turkeys and chickens at sowing time. Ih Fen may be represented sowing maize seed....
Angel name "Ikal Ahau" Maya A chthonic death god, that strangely enough, is considered to inhabit Christian church towers in Mexico
God name "Ikal Ahau" Mayan / Tzotzil, Mesoamerican / Mexico Chthonic god of death. Perceived as a diminutive figure who lives in a cave by day but wanders at night attacking people and eating raw human flesh. He is also considered to inhabit Christian church towers in Mexico and is probably personified by vampire bats....
God name "Intal (gods their father)" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico God of fire. Associated with paternalism and one of the group classed as the XIUHTECUHTLI complex....
God name "Ipalnemoani (he who through one lives)" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Creator god. One of the group classed as the OMETEOTL complex....
God name "Itzam Cab" Mayan / Mesoamerican / Mexico Chthonic earth god. The earth aspect of the creator god ITZAM NA. He is also a god of fire, and hearthstones are called “head of Itzam Cab.” Sticks of firewood are his thighs, flames his tongue and the pot resting on the fire his liver. In his vegetation aspect he is depicted with leaves of maize sprouting from his head....
Goddess name "Itzcuintli" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Goddess of hearths. A guardian deity of the home personified by fire. One of the group classed as the XIUHTECUHTLI complex....
Goddess name "Itzpapalotl (obsidian butterfly)" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Minor mother goddess. One of the group classed as the TETEOINNAN complex. Also recognized as a fire goddess....
Goddess name "Itzpapalotl-Itzcueye (possessor of obsidian skirt)" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Minor mother goddess. One of the group classed as the TETEOINNAN complex. Limited to the Valley of Mexico....
Goddess name "Itzpapalotl-Itzcyeye" Aztec Minor mother goddess who was found only in the Valley of Mexico Aztec
God name "Itztapal Totec (our lord the stone slab)" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Fertility god. A god of Agriculture but also a patron of precious metallurgists. One of the group classed as the XIPE TOTEC complex....
Goddess name "Ix Chebel Yax" Mayan / Mesoamerican / Mexico Mother goddess. Goddess of weaving and patroness of weavers, whose tutelage is shared with IX CHEL.See also CHIBIRIAS....
Goddess name "Ix Chel" Mayan / Yucatec / Quiche, Mesoamerican / Mexico moon goddess. Also the goddess of childbirth and Medicine and of Rain bows. A consort of the Sun god. She has a major shrine as Cozumel and small figurines of the goddess have been conventionally placed beneath the beds of women in labor. Such women are considered to be in great danger at times of lunar eclipse when the unborn child may develop deformities. Ix Chel is a guardian against disease and the Quiche Indians regard her as a goddess of fertility and sexual inter course. A goddess of weaving, believed to be the first being on earth to weave cloth, she was employed in this craft when she first attracted the attention of the Sun god. She carries her loom sticks across the sky to protect her from jaguars. Under Chris tian influence she has been largely syncretized with the Virgin Mary.See also IX CHEBEL YAX....
Goddess name "Ix Kanan" Mayan / Mesoamer ican / Mexico vegetation goddess. The guardian of the bean plant. Her consort is the maize god IH P'EN. The cou ple are invoked at sowing time when turkeys and chickens are sacrificed....
Goddess name "Ix Zacal Nok (lady cloth-weaver)" Mayan / Mesoameri can / Mexico Creator goddess. The consort of the Sun god Kinich Ahau and also the inventor of weaving. She may represent another aspect of the mother goddess COLEL CAB. Also Ix Azal Uoh; Ixchel.See also AH KIN....
Goddess name "Ixnextli (eye-lashes)" Aztec / Mesoameri can / Mexico Goddess of weavers. One of the group classed as the TETEOINNAN complex....
God name "Ixpuztec (broken face)" Aztec / Meso american / Mexico Minor underworld god. One of the group classed as the Mictlantecuhtli complex....
God name "Ixquimilli-Itzlacoliuhqui" Aztec / Mexico A god of justice
God name "Ixquimilli-Itzlacoliuhqui (eye-bundle curved obsidian blade)" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico God of justice. One of the group classed as the TEZ CATLIPOCA complex....
Goddess name "Ixtab" Mayan / Mesoamerican / Mexico Goddess. Tutelary goddess of suicide victims....
God name "Ixtlilton (little black face)" Aztec / Meso american / Mexico Minor god of sexual lust. One of the group classed as the XIUHTECUHTLI complex....
God name "Izquitecatl" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Fertility god. One of the group classed as the Ometochtli complex personifying the maguey or agave plant from which a potent drink called pulque is brewed....
God name "Kabrakan" Mayan / Mesoamerican / Mexico earthquake god. The so-called “destroyer of mountains” usually coupled with the god ZIPAKNA who builds mountains....
God name "Kai Yum (singing lord)" Mayan / Lacandon / Mesoamerican / Mexico God of music. He lives in the sky and is attendant on CACOCH, one of the aspects the Mayan creator god. Depicted as a brazier shaped like a pottery drum....
God name "Kakupacat (fiery glance)" Mayan / Mesoamerican / Mexico war god. Said to bear a shield of fire with which he protects himself in battle....
Supreme god name "Kucumatz" Mayan / Quiche Indian, Mesoamerican / Mexico Supreme god. An androgynous being who created all things out of itself. Comparable with KUKULCAN....
God name "Kukulcan" Mayan / Mesoamerican / Mexico Creator god. Kukulcan is, in origin, a Toltec god who was adopted by the Mayan culture and who corresponds closely with the Aztec deity QUETZALCOATL. He is chiefly concerned with reincarnation, but is also responsible for the elements of fire, earth and water. He is depicted with various attributes, including a torch or a lizard representing fire, maize for earth, and a fish for water. Also God B....
Goddess name "Kundalini" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Mother goddess. The spirit of the earth perceived in human form and responsible for the provision of all food from the soil. The earth is considered to be sacred and should not be owned by any one person, but can be utilized for the benefit of the community as a whole. Kundalini is believed to have been the mother of all other vegetation deities....
God name "Makowasendo" Mexico The sky god is the husband of Nangkwijo, the earth. The Tewa, Pueblo Indians, New Mexico and Arizona
God name "Mam" Mayan / Yucatec, Mesoamerican / Mexico God of evil. A much-feared deity who lives beneath the earth and only emerges in times of crisis. Depicted in the form of a flat, life-sized piece of wood dressed as a scarecrow and set upon a stool. He is offered food and drink during Uayeb, the period of five unlucky days at the end of the year, after which the figure is undressed and unceremoniously thrown away. During Uayeb devotees fast and refer to the god as “grandfather.”...
God name "Manohel-Tohel" Mayan / Mesoamerican / Mexico Creator god. The deity concerned specifically with the creation of mankind, giving mortals body and soul and leading them from the caves into the light....
Goddess name "Matlalcueye (her skirt is blue)" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Minor fertility goddess. One of the group classed as the TLALOC complex, closely associated with water....
Goddess name "Mayahuel" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Minor fertility goddess. One of the group classed as the Ometochtli complex associated with the maguey plant from which pulque is brewed. She may be depicted seated upon a tortoise beside an agave plant in bloom. According to legend she was abducted by QUETZALCOATL and subsequently dismembered by wild animals. From the fragments grew the first agave plants....
Goddess name "Mayanhuel" Mexico Goddess of the night sky and of drunkenness Mexico
God name "Meizabac (black powder maker)" Mayan / Mesoamerican / Mexico weather god. He sprinkles black dye on the clouds, which causes them to generate Rain. Believed to live on the edge of a lake. Also a fever god and a keeper of good souls. Also Metzabac....
Goddess name "Metsaka" Huichol Indian / Mesoamerican / Mexico moon goddess. Known as “grandmother moon,” she is the consort of the fire god TATEVALI. She guards the Huichol against the god of death, TOKAKAMI....
Goddess name "Metsaka Huichol" Mexico Goddess of the moon. Mexico
Deities name "Metztli" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Minor moon god. One of the group of deities belonging to the TEZCATLIPOCA complex....
Deities name "Mexitli (maguey-hare)" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Minor god of war. One of the group of deities belonging to the HUITZILPOCHTLI complex....
God name "Mexitli/ Huitzlilpochtli" Mexico Head god of the ancient Mexicans
Goddess name "Micapetlacoli (dead mat chest)" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Minor chthonic underworld goddess. One of the group of deities belonging to the MICTLANTECUHTLI complex....
Goddess name "Mictecacihuatl" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Chthonic underworld god. One of a pair of deities with MICTLANTECUHTLI. In the primeval waters of the cosmos, they generated the monstrous goddess CIPACTLI, from whom the earth was formed....
Goddess name "Mictlantecuhtli" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Chthonic underworld god. The creator of the underworld, Mictlan. Depicted with a skull-like appearance and protruding teeth. Also one of a pair of deities with MICTECACIHUATL. In the primeval waters of the cosmos, they generated the monstrous goddess CIPACTLI, from whom the earth was formed. In alternative traditions he is the god of the sixth of the thirteen heavens, Ilhuicatl Mamalhuazocan (the heaven of the fire drill), or he is one of the gods who support the lowest heaven at the four cardinal points. Mictlantecuhtli is perceived to reside in the south (codices Borgia and Vaticanus B). He is also one of the four great temple deities (codices Borgia, Cospi and Fejervery-Mayer)....
God name "Mixcoatl-Camaxtli (cloud serpent)" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico God of war. Also a deity of hunting and fire who received human sacrifice of captured prisoners. According to tradition, the Sun god TEZCATLIPOCA transformed himself into MIXCOATL-CAMAXTLI to make fire by twirling the sacred fire sticks....
Deities name "Moyocoyani (maker of himself)" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Minor god of universal power. One of the group of deities known as the TEZCATLIPOCA complex....
God name "Naguai" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Tutelary deity. A generic name for a personal god. A nagual generally takes the form of an animal and it may be adopted either by a mortal being or by another deity....
Deities name "Nahui Ehecati" Aztec / mesoamerican / Mexico Minor water god. One of the group of deities belonging to the TLALOC complex. Also (4)Ehecatl....
God name "Nahui Oiiin (earthquake sun)" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Creator god. According to most of the codices, at the time of the Spanish conquest there had been four previous world ages, each represented by a Sun and terminated by a cataclysm. Ollin, the fifth Sun, was created at Teotihuacan and at the conquest was just under 2,000 years old. It is presided over by the god TONATIUH. Each creation is considered to last 2028 x 52 terrestrial years and the present one is destined to be destroyed by a great earthquake. Tradition has it that Ollin was originally a sickly or humble deity named NANAHUATL (the diseased one). Also (4)Ollin; Ollintonatiuh....
Deities name "Nanahuati (rumor)" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Creator god. In cosmogony, when on the fifth day of creation the gods sat in judgment to elect the new Sun god, Nanahuatl and TECCIZTECATL cremated themselves in the sacred fire. The heart of Nanahuatl ascended to become the new Sun and that of Tecciztecatl became the moon. Tradition suggests that Nanahuatl is diseased and impoverished but of great courage, while Tecciztecatl is wealthy and a coward. In an alternative tradition, in which Nanahuatl is the son of QUETZALCOATL and Tecciztecatl is the son of TLALOC, both deities are hurled into the fire by their fathers. NOTE: eventually all the gods sacrificed themselves so that mankind might be engendered from their remains. Also Nanahuatzin....
Deities name "Nappatecuhtli (four-times lord)" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Minor god of mat-makers. One of the group of deities belonging to the TLALOC complex generally associated with Rain, Agriculture and fertility....
Deities name "Nextepehua (ash-scatterer)" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Minor chthonic underworld god. One of the group of deities belonging to the MICTLANTECUHTLI complex....
Goddess name "Nohuichana" Mexico Goddess of fish and hunting. Mexico
God name "Ocelotl" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Creator god. The Sun deity representing the first of the five world ages, each of which lasted for 2,028 heavenly years, each heavenly year being fiftytwo terrestrial years. Assigned to the earth and presided over by TEZCATLIPOCA. According to tradition, the age was populated by a race of giants and it ended in a catalclysmic destruction caused by huge and ferocious jaguars which devoured them. Illustrated by the Stone of the Four Suns [Yale Peabody Museum]. Also Ocelotonatiuh; Yoaltonatiuh; Tlalchitonatiuh....
God name "Ohoroxtotil (god almighty)" Mayan / Mesoamerican / Mexico Creator god. The creator of the Sun and the deity who made the world inhabitable for mankind by destroying the jaguars which once infested it....
God name "Omacati" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Minor god of feasting and revelry. One of the group classed as the TEZCATLIPOCA complex. Also (2)Acatl....
Deities name "Ome Tochtii" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Fertility god. Slaughtered and then revived by TEZCATLIPOCA. Head of the group classed as the Ometochtli complex of fertility deities who personified the maguey plant and the intoxicating drink brewed from it, pulque or octli. Also (2) Tochtli....
God name "Ometeoti (two god)" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Primordial being. According to some traditions, the dual principle personified in a bisexual force which the Aztecs believed to be the only reality, all else being illusory. Ometeotl rules in the highest (thirteenth) heaven, Omeyocan (place of duality) which rests above Sun, moon, wind and other elements. Ometeotl impregnated itself to engender the four TEZCATLIPOCAS (aspects of the Sun). Another female aspect, COATLICUE, gave birth to the national Aztec god HUITZILOPOCHTLI. No formal cult existed for Ometeotl, but he was considered to be present in every aspect of ritual.See also TONACATECUHTLI and TONACACIHUATL....
God name "Opochtli (left)" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Minor god of lake fishermen and hunters. One of the group classed as the TLALOC complex....
God name "Oshats" Mexico A sky god and the Sun. The Sia, Pueblo Indians. New Mexico
Deities name "Oxiahun Ti Ku" Mayan / Mesoamerican / Mexico sky gods. The collective name for a group of thirteen celestial deities who are probably still invoked by Mesoamerican Indians today....
Goddess name "Oxomogo" Mexico Oxomoco. Goddess of Astrology and Calenders. Mexico
Deities name "Pahteeatl (medicine lord)" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Minor fertility god. One of the group of deities known as the Ometochtli complex and concerned with the brewing of the alcoholic drink pulque from the maguey plant....
Deities name "Painal (hasty)" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Minor god of war. One of the group of deities known as the HUITZILPOCHTLI complex to whom sacrifice of captured prisoners was regularly offered....
God name "Pitao Cozobi" Zapotec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Maize god. Worshiped by the Monte Alban culture of Zapotec-speaking peoples in the Valley of Oaxaca. Sculptures were often adorned with casts of maize ears....
God name "Pitao Cozobi Zapotec" Mexico God of corn Mexico
God name "Poxiom" Mayan / Tzeltal Indian, Mesoamerican / Mexico God of disease. Apparently perceived as a star in the sky or a ball of fire. He may also be depicted as a fertility god shelling maize or as a fisherman, doctor, musician or hunter. An image of the god was discovered in the Christian church in Oxchuc, and the Indians were forced to revoke and spit on the icon before it was publicly burnt....
God name "Quiahuitl" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Creator god. The Sun deity representing the third of the five world ages each of which lasted for 2,028 heavenly years, each heavenly year being fiftytwo terrestrial years. Assigned to the element fire and presided over by the Rain god TLALOC. According to tradition, the age ended in a cataclysmic destruction caused by a great fiery Rain. The human population perished and in doing so were transformed into dogs, turkeys and butterflies. Illustrated by the “Stone of the Four Suns” [Yale Peabody Museum]. Also Quiauhtonatiuh; Tletonatiuh....
God name "Shiwanni" Mexico The god who created the heavens, and with Shiwanoka, his wife, created the Zuni Indians. New Mexico
Goddess name "Sussistanako" Mexico Sussistanako "Thinking-Woman" A goddess of creation who thinks things into being. Mexico
God name "Taijn" Mexico Name for a group of Rain gods, still worshipped and presumed to live in ruins of El Tajin(Veracruz) Mexico(Totonac)
God name "Taijn/ Tlaloc" Totonac / Mexico The name for a group of Rain gods, still worshipped & presumed to live in ruins of El Tajin Veracruz
God name "Tajin" Totonac / Mesoamerican / Mexico Generic title for a group of Rain gods. Worshiped by a modern tribe and believed to reside in the ruins of El Tajin, a classic Veracruz site whence they control the thunder clouds.See also TLALOC....
Goddess name "Takotsi Nakawe (our grandmother growth)" Huichol Indian / Mesoamerican / Mexico Chthonic vegetation goddess. The earth and all plant life belong to her and she is regarded as the mother of the gods, particularly of the fire god TATEVALI. She is very old and is invoked to give the boon of longevity. Her sacred tree is a form of fig, the salate....
Goddess name "Takotsi Nakawe Huichol" Mexico Chthonic vegetation goddess, all plant life and the earth are hers Mexico
God name "Tamats Palike Tamoyeke (our eldest brother walking everywhere)," Huichol Indian / Mesoamerican / Mexico God of wind and air. The messenger of the gods, he also put the world into its present form and shape....
God name "Tamats Palike Tamoyeke Huichol" Mexico Tamats Palike Tamoyeke Huichol, God of the wind and of air who was also a messenger of the gods, for an encore, put world into its present form and shape Mexico
Goddess name "Tate Hautse Huichol" Mexico Srain and water goddess, additionally responsible for mist and fog Mexico
Goddess name "Tate Hautse Kupuri (mother north water)" Huichol Indian / Mesoamerican / Mexico Rain and water goddess. Similar to TATE KYEWIMOKA, but also responsible for mists and fogs....
Goddess name "Tate Kyewimoka (mother west water)" Huichol Indian / Mesoamerican / Mexico Rain and water goddess. Appears in lightning and is said to resemble a red snake. She lives in a deep gorge with caves, in Santa Catarina, and brings the Rain from the west. Her animals include deer and ravens and she is also the goddess of the corn....
Goddess name "Tate Kyewimoka Huichol" Mexico Rain and water goddess, who is also the goddess of grain Mexico
Goddess name "Tate Naaliwahi (mother east water)" Huichol Indian / Mesoamerican / Mexico Rain and water goddess. Appears in lightning and brings Rain from the east. She lives in a deep gorge with caves, in Santa Catarina....
Goddess name "Tate Naaliwahi Huichol" East Rain and water goddess, appears in lightning and brings Rain from the east Mexico
Goddess name "Tate Oteganaka (mother corn)" Huichol Indian / Mesoamerican / Mexico corn goddess. The mother of the Sun god TAYAU....
Goddess name "Tate Oteganaka Huichol" De Rain and water goddess who is also the patron of Laguna De Magdalena Mexico
Goddess name "Tate Rapawiyema (mother south water)" Huichol Indian / Mesoamerican / Mexico Rain and water goddess. Similar to TATE KYEWIMOKA, but also the patron goddess of Laguna de Magdalena, where she is believed to take the form of a water lizard....
Goddess name "Tate Velika Vimali" Huichol Indian / Mesoamerican / Mexico Sun goddess. Perceived as a young girl or as a royal eagle who holds the world in her talons and guards it. In human form the night sky with its stars are her dress....
Goddess name "Tate Velika Vimali Huichol" Mexico Goddess of the Sun perceived as either a young girl or a royal eagle who holds the world in her talons, she guards it Mexico
God name "Tatevali (our grandfather)" Huichol Indian / Mesoamerican / Mexico God of fire. Also a deity of life and health, perceived as a shaman who prophesies and cures disease. He is the tutelary god of shamans and is said to have built the first Huichol temple with the god TATOSI. His animals include the macaw, royal eagle, cardinal bird, puma and opossum....
God name "Tatevali Huichol" Mexico Not only the deity of life and health, Tutelary god of shamans, he is the god of fire Mexico
God name "Tatosi (great grandfather deer tail)" Huichol Indian / Mesoamerican / Mexico God of fire. A deity regarded as the son of TATEVALI, having been created from the plumes of his father, but also the chief god of deer. His sacred animal is the white-tailed hawk. Also Mara Kwari....
God name "Tatosi Huichol" Mexico He is the the principal god of fire
God name "Tayau" Mexico God of the rising Sun. Mexico
God name "Tayau (father sun)" Huichol Indian / Mesoamerican / Mexico Sun god. According to tradition, he was created by the ancient shamans, who threw the youthful son of the corn mother TATE OTEGANAKA into an oven in full ceremonial attire. He traveled underground and emerged in the east as the Sun. In late May, the Huichol sacrifice a sheep and a turkey in a ritual fire, after which they sing all night until Sunrise. Also Tau; Taverik....
God name "Tayau Sakaimoka" Huichol Indian / Mesoamerican / Mexico Sun god. The deity of the setting Sun in the west, regarded as the assistant of TAYAU....
God name "Tayau Sakaimoka Huichol" Mexico Western setting Sun god Mexico
God name "Tayau/ Tau/ averik Huichol" Mexico The Sun god of the the rising Sun
God name "Tecciztecatl (conch shell lord)" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico moon god. In cosmogony, when on the fifth day of creation the gods sat in judgment to elect the new Sun god, NANAHUATL and Tecciztecatl cremated themselves in the sacred fire. The heart of Nanahuatl ascended to become the new Sun and that of Tecciztecatl became the moon. Tradition suggests that Nanahuatl is diseased and impoverished but of great courage, while Tecciztecatl is wealthy and a coward. Alternatively, the pair are sons of QUETZALCOATL and of TLALOC and were hurled into the fire by their fathers. Also one of the group classed as the TEZCATLIPOCA complex. NOTE: eventually all the gods sacrificed them selves for mankind....
God name "Teicauhtzin" Aztec Patron god of Mexico as well as a minor god of war Aztec
God name "Teicauhtzin (younger brother)" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Minor god of war. A patron god of Mexico and one of the group classed as the HUITZILPOCHTLI complex....
God name "Telpochtli (male youth)" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Omnipotent god. A universal and generally malevolent power. One of the group classed as the TEZCATLIPOCA complex....
God name "Tepeyollotl (hill heart)" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Minor chthonic or earth god. One of the group classed as the TEZCATLIPOCA complex. He was originally an earthquake god, symbolized by the jaguar and later adopted into the Aztec pantheon....
God name "Tepoztecatl" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Minor fertility god. One of the group classed as the Ometochtli complex concerned with the maguey plant and the brewing of the alcoholic drink pulque....
God name "Teteo Innan Teteo (gods their mother)" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Minor god of fire. A paternalistic deity associated with fire. One of the group classed as the XIUHTECUHTLI complex....
Goddess name "Teteoinnan" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Goddess of curers and medical Diviners. The head of the group classed as the Teteoinnan complex....
Goddess name "Teteoinnan-Toci" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Goddess of midwives. Known locally in the Valley of Mexico and invoked by women in childbirth. One of the group classed as the TETEOINNAN complex....
God name "Tetzahauteotl (god of fearful omen)" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Minor god of war. A patron god of Mexico and one of the group classed as the HUITZILPOCHTLI complex....
God name "Tetzahuitl (fearful omen)" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Minor god of war. A patron god of Mexico and one of the group classed as the HUITZILPOCHTLI complex....
God name "Teuhcatl (he of Teutlan)" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Local god of war. Also a hunting god and one of the group classed as the Mixcoatl complex....
Goddess name "Tezcacoac Ayopechtli (mirror serpent tortoise bench)" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Birth goddess. An aspect of XOCHIQUETZAL. One of the group classed as the TETEOINNAN complex....
Deity name "Tezcatlipoca-Itztlacoliuhqui" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Temple deity. One of four described in the codices Borgia, Cospi and Fejervary-Mayer....
God name "Tezcatzoncatl" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Minor fertility god. One of the group classed as the Ometochtli complex concerned with the maguey plant and the brewing of the alcoholic drink pulque....