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God Name and Meaning

List of Gods : "Phoenician"   (33 records)

NameOriginDescription
Goddess name
"ASTARTE (star)"
Semitic, Phoenician, Lebanon, Syria / The goddess of the evening star, of war / of sexual love Fertility goddess. Inscriptions from the fifth century BC in her major temple at Sidon suggest she was perceived as an emanation of BAAL SAMIN, personifying his Divine power. She is also his consort. Her animal is the sphinx, which typically appears on either side of her throne....
God name
"Ambrosia"
Greek In ancient mythology, Ambrosia is sometimes the food, sometimes the drink, of the gods. The word has generally been derived from Greek a- ("not") and mbrotos ("mortal"); hence the food or drink of the immortals. Thetis anointed the infant Achilles with ambrosia and passed the child through the fire to make him immortal - a familiar Phoenician custom - but Peleus, appalled, stopped her.
Goddess name
"As”taroth"
Western Semitic Fertility goddess. Goddess of sheep herders equating with the Phoenician goddess ASTARTE. Also a plural form of the name As”toreth and used as a collective name for goddesses (cf. BAAL)....
God name
"Attar"
Western Semitic God of the morning star. In Canaanite legend, he attempts to usurp the dead BAAL but proves inadequate to fill the god's throne. In semi-arid regions of western Asia where irrigation is essential, he was sometimes worshiped as a Rain god. His female counterpart is the Phoenician ASTARTE. Also probably identified as Dhu-S amani in more southerly regions....
God name
"Baa! Ma!age"
Western Semitic / Phoenician Local tutelary god. Probably of Canaanite origin, closely equating with BAAL SAMIN and known only from inscriptions....
Deities name
"Baa! Samin (lord of heaven)"
Western Semitic / Phoenician Head of the pantheon. Probably originated in Canaanite culture as a god of Rain and vegetation, but became extensively revered in places as far apart as Cyprus and Carthage. Epithets include “bearer of thunder.” Baal Samin is first mentioned in a fourteenth century BC treaty between the Hittite king Suppiluliuma and Nigmadu II of Ugarit. He had a major sanctuary at Byblos, according to inscription, “built by Yehemilk.” Josephus confirms that his cult existed at the time of Solomon. At Karatepe his name appears at the head of a list of national deities and on Seleucid coinage he is depicted wearing a half-moon crown and carrying a radiate Sun disc. Other epithets include “lord of eternity” and he may also have been god of storms at sea, a patron deity of mariners. By Hellenic times he equated with ZEUS in the Greek pantheon and the Romans identified him as Caelus (sky). Also Baal-Samem....
Deities name
"Baa! Sapon"
Western Semitic / Phoenician Local tutelary god. Probably of Canaanite origin and closely equating with BAAL SAMIN. According to Ugaritic texts he lives on a mountain in the north of Phoenicia known as Saphan, which may have served as a beacon for mariners. Other local variations of mountain deities include Baal Hermon and Baal Brathy....

"Beelsamin"
Romn Lord of heaven. Phoenician equivalent to Zeus
God name
"Bethel"
Western Semitic / Phoenician Local tutelary god. Probably of Aramaean or Syrian origin. First mentioned in a fourteenth century treaty between the Hittite king Suppiluliuma and Nigmadu II of Ugarit [Ras Samra]. He appears more regularly on inscriptions from the end of the seventh century BC and enjoyed considerable popularity during the neo-Babylonian period. Bethel is mentioned in the Biblical text of Jeremiah 48.13, implying that some Israelites acknowledged this deity. There is no evidence of links with the historical place names, including that mentioned in Genesis 38.13....
Supreme god name
"Dagan (2)"
Western Semitic / Canaanite / Phoenician Grain and fertility god. The father of BAAL in Ugaritic creation epics. A major sanctuary was built in his honor at Mari [Syria] and he was recognized in parts of Mesopotamia where he acquired the consort Salas. Worshiped mainly at Gaza and As”dod, but also the supreme god of the Philistines. Known in biblical references as Dagon (Judges 16.23). Mentioned in the apocryphal Book of Maccabees. The cult is thought to have continued until circa 150 BC. Israelite misinterpretation of the Ugaritic root Dagan led to the assumption that he was a fish god, therefore attributes include a fish tail....
Goddess name
"Es”mun"
Western Semitic / Phoenician God of healing. Known first from the Iron Age levels at Sidon, his cult spread as far as Carthage, Cyprus and Sardinia. Possibly became syncretized with the god MELQART and, in Hellenic times, with the physician god ASKLEPIOS. His name further became linked with the mother goddess CAELESTIS....
Goddess name
"Hadad"
Western Semitic / Syrian / Phoenician weather god. Derived from the Akkadian deity ADAD. In texts found at the site of the ancient Canaanite capital of Ugarit [Ras Samra] , the name of Hadad apparently becomes a substitute for that of BAAL. His voice is described as roaring from the clouds and his weapon is the thunderbolt. His mother is the goddess ASERAH. During Hellenic times he was predominantly worshiped at Ptolemais and Hierapolis. His Syrian consort is ATARGATIS, who overshadowed him in local popularity at Hierapolis. Statues of the two deities were carried in procession to the sea twice yearly. According to the Jewish writer Josephus, Hadad also enjoyed a major cult following at Damascus in the eighth and ninth centuries BC. By the third century BC the Hadad-Atargatis cult had extended to Egypt, when he becomes identified as the god SUTEKH. In the Greek tradition his consort becomes HERA.See also ADAD....

"Kabirim"
Arabic Phoenician name for the Kabiri
God name
"Kotar"
Western Semitic / Syrian Blacksmith god. Identified in the Ugaritic (Ras Samra) texts as building a palace for the god BAAL and forging his weapons for the conflict against the sea god YAMM. Known also from Phoenician inscriptions. Also Kos”ar, Chusor, KINYRAS....
God name
"MOT (death)"
Canaanite / Phoenician / northern Israel, Lebanon / Syrian coastal regions God of natural adversity. ot is the Canaanite representation of adversity in the natural world. He lives in a pit within the earth and is responsible for its annual death from drought and heat: “he has scorched the olive, the produce of the earth and the fruit of the trees.” He engages in the classic confrontation with the Canaanite hero and national god, BAAL. Though the duel results in Baal's demise, his death is avenged by his twin sister ANAT, who slays Mot, then cleaves, winnows, burns and grinds him with a millstone, in what appears to be a ritual allied to the sowing of seed and harvesting (see OSIRIS). Baal is later restored. The conflict probably formed the basis of an annual ritual drama at the Canaanite New Year which was held in the autumn. In the texts Mot is the son of Il and his mother is AS'ERAH (ATHIRAT)....
God name
"Melqart"
Tyre Melkart, the tutelary god of the Phoenician city of Tyre.
God name
"Mikal"
Western Semitic / Phoenician Local god. The cult was followed strongly on Cyprus. Some authorities believe he was invoked as a plague god....
God name
"Moloch"
Africa Molek, either the name of a god or the name of a particular kind of sacrifice associated historically with Phoenician and related cultures in north Africa and the Levant.

"Mundane Egg"
Egyptian In the Phoenician, Egyptian, Hindu, and Japanese systems, it is represented that the world was hatched from an egg. In some mythologies a bird is represented as laying the mundane egg on the primordial waters.
Goddess name
"Mylitta/ Mu'Allidtu"
Phoenician / Babylon A goddess of fire, childbirth & fertility
Goddess name
"Myrrha / Syyrna"
Western Semitic / Phoenician Fertility goddess. Known from inscriptions as the mother of the god Kinnur. Also Syyrna....
Spirit name
"Omichie"
Phoenician / Hellenic Primordial principle. The element of darkness in chaos which fuses, or consorts, with POTHOS to engender the spiritual and physical elements of the cosmos....
Goddess name
"Pidray"
Canaanite / Phoenician Minor fertility goddess. Mentioned in epic creation texts and treaties at Ugarit (Ras S amra) as the first daughter of BAAL. She is the consort of BAAL SAPON, the mother of Tly and may be the goddess Peraia described by the Greek writer Philo....
Spirit name
"Pothos"
Phoenician / Hellenic Primordial being. According to the cosmogony, he is desire, and consorts with OMICHLE, darkness, to engender out of chaos the spiritual force Aer, and its living physical manifestation Aura....

"Queen of Heaven"
Egyptian With the ancient Phoenicians was Astarte; Greeks, Hera; Romans, Juno; Trivia, Hecate, Diana, the Egyptian Isis, etc., were all so called; but with the Roman Catholics it is the Virgin Mary.
God name
"Res”ep (A) Mukal"
Western Semitic / Canaanite / Phoenician / , originating in Syria war and plague god. Introduced into Egypt by the XVIII Dynasty during the sixteenth century BC and rapidly achieved some prominence. His wife is Itum and he was also known as Res ep-Amukal and Res epSulman. Res ep is probably modeled on the Mesopotamian NERGAL. He is depicted as a youthful, warlike god, often with a gazelle's head springing from his forehead, and with a spear in his right hand. In Egyptian iconography he is depicted wearing the crown of Upper Egypt surmounted in front by the head of a gazelle. He has links with the Theban war god MONTU and was thought of as a guardian deity in battle by many Egyptian pharaohs; he is said to have shot firebrands with a bow and arrow. He also exerted a benign influence against disease. The influence of Res ep extended to Cyprus during the preHellenic period and at the time of Hellenization he was allied to and perhaps syncretized with APOLLO. Also Ras ap, Res ef....
Goddess name
"Ri"
Phoenician Little known Phoenician goddess of the moon.
God name
"Sadrapa"
Phoenician protector of snakes and a god of healing. Phoenician
Goddess name
"Si'a"
Western Semitic / Phoenician Minor attendant goddess. The personification of the holiness of sanctuaries of BAAL S AMIN. In Hellenic times she may have become syncretized with TYCHE....
God name
"Taaut"
Blavatsky deity with four eyes, two in front and two in back, and four wings. "The eyes denote that the god sees in sleep, and sleeps in waking; the position of the wings that he flies in rest, and rests in flying" Phoenician. Isis Unveiled, by H. P. Blavatsky
Deity name
"Tammuz or Thammuz"
Syrian A Syrian and Phoenician deity corresponding to Adonis.
Supreme god name
"Tanik"
Phoenician / Pontic / Carthaginian moon goddess. Known largely from inscriptions at various sites along the North African coast and linked with the goddess ASTARTE. Her symbol is a triangular device with horizontal bars supporting a moon disc. Both deities are described as “ladies of the sanctuary.” Tanit was the supreme goddess at Carthage, known as the “face of BAAL,” until usurped by the Roman goddess JUNO; she survived under the name CAELESTIS. The goddess CERES was also worshiped in the TANIT temple at Carthage. Also Tenit....

"Thammuz"
Ezekiel The Syrian and Phoenician name of Adonis. His death happened on the banks of the river Adonis, and in summer-time the waters always become reddened with the hunter's blood. Ezekiel