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God Name and Meaning

List of Gods   : "southern India"

NameOriginDescription
God name "Amma (1)" Dravidian / Tamil Local tutelary god. Known from southern India....
"Anasuya" Hindu That is, the charity, was wife of an ancient Indian rishi (sage) named Atri. In the Ramayana, she appears living with her husband in a small hermitage in the southern periphery of the Forest of Chitrakuta. She was very pious, and always practiced austerities and devotion. Hindu
Goddess name "Ankalamman" Hindu - Dravidian / Tamil Guardian goddess. Known particularly in southern India where she wards off demons. Alternatively she is an aspect of KALI....
God name "Annammr i" Hindu / Puranic Form of the god V IS'NU. The patron deity of kitchens and food. A shrine at Srirangam in southern India contains two-armed bronze images of the god. Attributes: a ball of rice in one hand, and in the other a container of payasa (sweetened milk and rice)....
Goddess name "Bala-Sakti" Dravidian / Tamil / southern India Goddess. Youthful deity who presides over six CAKRAS or prayer wheels. Often accompanied by a geometric magical diagram or yantra. Attributes: Book, hook, noose and rosary....
Goddess name "Bhumidevi (the earth goddess)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic / southern India Fertility goddess. The second wife of VIS NU (or KRSNA). Her son is Naraka. Bhumidevi is often depicted standing on the left (occasionally right) hand of the VARAHA avatara of Vis nu. In the north she is known as PUSTI. She is often depicted sitting on a lotus throne with bared breasts. Attributes: blue lotus, lotus, lute, pomegranate, pot with herbs, pot with vegetables and water jar. Also Bhu, Bhudevi, BHUMI, MAHI, PRTHIVI, VASUDHARA and Zami-Mata....
God name "Cankilikkaruppan (the black man of the chain)" Hindu - Dravidian / Tamil Local god. Worshiped in southern India....
Goddess name "Cenaaianiyammai (lady of the red paddyfield)" Hindu - Dravidian / Tamil Local goddess. Guardian of paddyfields in southern India....
Goddess name "Ellaman (lady of the boundary)" Hindu - Dravidian / Tamil / southern India Goddess of passage. A goddess guarding boundaries of villages and fields. One of the NAVASAKTI or astral deities. Also Ellaiyamman....
God name "Gajavahana" Hindu - Dravidian / Tamil God. A form of SKANDA who has an elephant as a vehicle. Mainly from southern India. Attributes: cockerel and spear....
God name "Gal Bapsi (‘hook' god)" Hindu - Dravidian / Tamil / southern India Local god. Worshiped particularly by the Bhils. To expiate sins, the penitent thrusts a hook into his back and is suspended from it on the day when the Sun enters Aries....
Goddess name "Hanuman (with large jaws)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Monkey god. Hanuman attends RAMA, one of the incarnations of VISINU, and personifies the ideal and faithful servant. He is the son of PAVANA, the god of winds, and is noted for his speed and agility in which context he is often worshiped by young men and athletes. He leads a mythical Forest army of monkeys, and is depicted as a monkey with a long tail. He takes a major role in the Ramayana epic searching for, and rescuing, the goddess SITA who has been captured by the demon Ravana. He may appear trampling on the goddess of Lanka [Sri Lanka]. Worshiped particularly in southern India but more generally in villages. Color: red. Attributes: bow, club, mane, rock and staff. May appear five-headed....
Goddess name "Indrani" Hindu / Vedic / Puranic Goddess of wrath. Daughter of Puloman, a demonic figure killed by the god INDRA, and the SAKTI and consort of Indra. One of seven MATARAS (mothers) who in later Hinduism became regarded as of evil intent. Also one of a group of eight ASTAMATARAS personifying jealousy (also named Aindri in this capacity). In another grouping one of nine NAVASAKTIS or astral deities who, in southern India, rank higher than the SAPTAMATARAS. Her attendant animal is either an elephant or a lion. Attributes: hook, rosary, Santana flower, staff and waterjar. One thousand-eyed. Also Aindri; Mahendri; Paulomi; Saci; Sujata....
Goddess name "Jyrstha" Hindu / Puranic / earlier Goddess of misfortune. The elder sister of the goddess LAKSMI, Jyestha personifies poverty and is depicted with a large belly and long nose. In earlier Hinduism she was worshiped particularly in southern India. Also a NAKSATRA of evil influence; daughter of DAKSA and wife of CANDRA (SOMA). Her animal is an ass. Attributes: arrow, banner with crow, cup, blue lotus, hair-ornament and staff....
Goddess name "Kamaksi (of amorous appearance)" Dravidian / Tamil / southern India / Sri Lanka Goddess. A SAKTI of SI IVA recognized locally at Kanchipuram, but also in her own right at several places in southern India. Also Kamatchi (Tamil)....
Goddess name "Kamala (lotus born)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Goddess. Particularly worshiped in southern India. One of a group of MAHAVIDYAS or personifications of the SAKTI of SI IVA, representing MAHARATRI....
Goddess name "Karaikkal Ammaiyar" Hindu / southern India Local mother goddess. Known from the town of Karikal as a deified ascetic who is depicted with an emaciated form. Attribute: playing cymbals....
Goddess name "Karttiki" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Mother goddess. One of a group of nine NAVASAKTIS who, in southern India, rank higher than the SAPTAMATARAS....
Supreme god name "Katavul" Tamil / southern India / Sri Lanka Supreme god. The ultimate creator of all that exists in the world and the judge of humanity able to reward or punish at will....
Goddess name "Korravai" Dravidian / Tamil / southern India / Sri Lanka war goddess. Worshiped in desert regions in southern India, thought to live in trees and equating to DURGA. She has a son, MURUKAN. Also Katukilal; Korrawi....
Goddess name "Kumari (virgin)" Hindu Goddess. Generally recognized to be an epithet of DURGA. Worshiped at a famous temple on the southernmost tip of India at Cape Comorin. Also known in Nepal, where a small girl provides an earthly incarnation of the goddess....
Goddess name "Mahesvari" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Mother goddess. A SAKTI who in later Hinduism became one of a group of seven MATARAS regarded as of evil intent. Also one of eight ASTAMATARAS. In another grouping one of a group of nine NAVASAKTIS who, in southern India, rank higher than the SAPTAMATARAS. Attributes: antelope, arrow, ax, bow, club, drum, prayer wheel, staff and trident....
God name "Manmatha" Dravidian / Tamil Form of the god of carnal love. A local southern Indian form of Kama with similar attributes and genealogy, named in Sangam literature....
Goddess name "Mariyamman (mother of smallpox)" Dravidian / Tamil / southern India Plague goddess. A terrible goddess, one of the NAVASAKTIS and linked with the goddess KALI. She is honored in a ritual during which victims (in penance) are suspended from a rope and an iron hook through the flesh of the back and whirled around a pole. Also Mariyattal....
God name "Maturaiviran" Hindu Locally worshiped god. Of fearsome character, he is the deification of a seventeenth century policeman who eloped with a princess and was slain. Known from southern India, where he is also a god of wine. Attributes: shield and sword....
God name "Mayon (the black one)" Early Dravidian / Tamil / southern India / Sri Lanka Creator god. Animistic high god of the pastoral regions, found in Sangam literature and thought to reside in trees. Perhaps equating with VIS'NU or KRSNA....
Supreme god name "Meiechei (master of men)" Araucania Indian / southern Andes Supreme god. Also known as Pillan (heaven) and, west of the Andes, Guenu-Pillan (spirit of heaven)....
Goddess name "Minaksi (fish eyed)" Hindu Local fish goddess. Regarded as a SAKTI of SI IVA (i.e. PARVATI) and the daughter of KUBERA. She is the mother of Ugra. Minaksi is known mainly from southern India where one of her main temples is at Madurai....
God name "Munisvara" Hindu Deified saint. Technically a demigod but worshiped as a deity by Dravidians in southern India. Also Municami (Tamil)....
God name "Murukan" Dravidian / Tamil / southern India Hunting and war god. Identified with the Hindu god SKANDA. His vehicle is an elephant or a peacock. Color: red. Attributes: spear and staff with gar land....
Goddess name "Muttalamman (pearl-mother)" Dravidian / Tamil / southern India Plague goddess. Specifically identified with smallpox. Also Mutyalamma....
Goddess name "Nappinnai" Hindu - Dravidian / Tamil Local goddess. Consort of KRSNA. Mentioned in the Vaisnavite and Saivite literature, the Krsna-Nappinnai cult was prominent in Tamil-speaking areas of southern India in the seventh to ninth centuries. According to tradition Krsna wed Nappinnai after a bullbaiting contest during which he took on and defeated seven bulls. Nappinnai may be a localized form of Sri-Laksmi. Also Pinnai....
Goddess name "Narasinhi" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Mother goddess. A SAKTI of NARASINHA who is one of a group of ASTAMATARA mothers. In another grouping, one of nine NAVASAKTIS who, in southern India, rank higher than the SAPTAMATARAS. Also CANDIKA....
Demon name "Nataraja (lord of the dance)" Hindu / Puranic Form of the god SI IVA. Emerging from AD 1200 onward, this form depicts SI iva as “lord of the dance” ringed by fire and with one foot on a demon in the form of a black dwarf. Nataraja arguably epitomizes the moving power in the cosmos. Largely seen in southern Indian bronzes which display the dance-form anandatandava....
Goddess name "Navasakti(s)" Hindu Generic title of a group of goddesses. The nine MATARAS or mothers. In southern India they are considered virgin goddesses and are held in higher esteem that the comparable group of SAPTAMATARAS....
God name "Nediyon" Early Dravidian / Tamil / southern India Creator god. Equates with a syncretization of VISNU and KRSNA. The name implies a deity of tall stature. Sangam texts describe him wearing a golden robe. Attributes: conch, prayer wheel and lotus. Also Neduvel....
God name "Palaniyantavan" Hindu - Dravidian / Tamil Local god. Known only from southern India and considered to be a form of SKANDA or of MURUKAN, who is an old Tamil tribal snake god....
Goddess name "Pattinidevi (queen of goddesses)" Hindu / Singhalese / Sri Lanka Mother goddess. A deification of Kannaki, the consort of Kovolan who, according to ancient Tamil tradition, journeyed to the town of Madurai to sell a gold anklet. Through trickery she was convicted of theft and executed, but was canonized. According to another tradition, she was born from a mango pierced by a sacred arrow. In southern India and Sri Lanka a goddess of chastity and fidelity in marriage. Also a guardian against diseases, including measles and smallpox. She is associated with fire-walking rituals. Attributes: cobra-hood behind the head, and a lotus....
Goddess name "Pidari (snake-catcher)" Hindu / Puranic / later One of the consorts of S IVA. A benevolent NAVASAKTI. The cult of Pidari probably evolved in the sixth and seventh centuries AD and is generally restricted to southern India. She is considered an aspect of the goddess KALI and is invoked in many villages to ward off evil and demons. She has most of the attributes of Kali and may also have snakes around her breasts, but may additionally be represented by a stone. Her cult moved at one time and reached a climax in eastern India between the eighth and twelfth centuries. Attributes: cup, fire, noose and trident. Also Pitali; Kala-Pidari....
Goddess name "Pradhana (most important)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Mother goddess. One of a group of nine NAVASAKTIS who, in southern India, rank higher than the SAPTAMATARAS....
Goddess name "Puranai (fullness)" Dravidian / Tamil / southern India Mother goddess. A NAVASAKTI and one of the consorts of Aiyanar....
Goddess name "Raudri" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Mother goddess. One of a group of nine NAVASAKTIS who, in southern India, rank higher than the SAPTAMATARAS. She may also equate with the terrifying aspect of PARVATI as DURGA or KALI....
God name "Sama" Dravidian / Tamil / southern India Obscure heroic god. Known circa first to fifth century AD. The younger brother of the god of love KAMA and equating to SAMBA, worshiped in northern India....
"Samkarsana" Dravidian / Tamil / southern India / Sri Lanka Localized form of BALARAMA. Has a complexion “white like milk,” wears a blue robe with a red garland and carries a nanjil (plough)....
Goddess name "Satyabhama (with true luster)" Hindu - Dravidian / Tamil Goddess. Known particularly from southern India as the second consort of KRSNA, who stands on her left; also as the secorid consort of V ISNU. Attribute: a flower....
God name "Seyon (the red one)" Dravidian / Tamil / southern India / Sri Lanka Creator god. An early deity associated particularly with hilly regions in parts of southern India and thought to live in trees. Also Muruga....
Goddess name "Vaisnavi" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Mother goddess. A SAKTI of V IS NU, also regarded as a form of LAKSMI. In later Hinduism she became one of a group of MATARAS regarded as of evil intent. Also one of a group of eight ASTAMATARAS. In another grouping one of nine NAVASAKTIS who, in southern India, rank higher than the SAPTAMATARAS. Her vehicle is the hybrid beast GARUDA. Attributes: child, club, conch, lotus and prayer wheel....
Goddess name "Varahi" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Mother goddess. A SAKTI who in later Hinduism becomes one of a group of MATARAS regarded as of evil intent. Also one of a group of eight ASTAMATARAS. In another grouping, one of nine NAVASAKTIS who, in southern India, rank higher than the SAPTAMATARAS. She sits upon a boar, buffalo or elephant. Attributes: boar's head, bow, club, cup, knife, noose, plough, sword and trident....
God name "Venda" Dravidian / Tamil / southern India Creator god. An ancient vegetation deity. Worshiped in villages on the plains, thought to live in trees and equated with Indra....
God name "Venkata" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Form of the god V ISNU. According to the Aditya Purana, Venkata is a deity of considerable importance in southern India. The name does not occur in the north. He is worshiped extensively by Hindus but particularly in the Tamil shrine of Tirupati where there is argument that the deity depicted is SIVA or KARTTIKEYA. The image appears to carry attributes of Vis'nu on the left and Siva on the right. Also Venkatesa....