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God Name and Meaning

List of Gods   : "Babylonian Akkadian"

NameOriginDescription
Goddess name "A-a" Mesopotamian / Babylonian - Akkadian / / western Semitic Sun goddess. Consort of the un god SAMAS . Also AYA....
God name "ADAD (wind)" Mesopotamian / Babylonian - Akkadian weather god. His father is the supreme sky god ANU. He is described as a benevolent giver of life in the fields but is also a more violent storm god. His name in Akkadian cuneiform means “wind.” His animal is the bull. In human form he is depicted wearing horned headdress and tiered skirt or robe decorated with astral symbolism. He may carry a scimitar embellished with a single panther head and his symbol is the lightning fork often fixed upon a pair of pincers....
Deities name "Alad Udug Lama" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian Collective name of guardian deities. Vague spirits who accompany major deities and dispense good fortune....
Goddess name "Anunnaki" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian Children and courtiers of the god of heaven. Known from at least 2500 BC until circa 200BC (in Babylon). The Anunnaki originate as chthonic fertility deities but later feature as the seven fearsome judges of the underworld who answer to Kur and ERES KIGAL and who are responsible for passing sentences of death including that placed on the goddess INANA. They are often closely identified with the IGIGI....
God name "Apsu" Mesopotamian / Babylonian - Akkadian God of underground primeval waters. Derived from the Sumerian ABZU. In the Babylonian creation epic Enuma Elis Apsu is killed, while sleeping, by ENKI, who establishes his own abode above the deeps. Apsu's death triggered the cosmic challenge between the forces of MARDUK and TIAMAT....
Goddess name "Aruru" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian Mother goddess. See also NINHURSAG A....
God name "Asalluha" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian Minor god. A son of ENKI who apparently acts as a messenger and reporter to his father. Linked with rituals of exorcism. Cult center Ku'ara. In Babylonian times he became largely syncretized with MARDTK....
Goddess name "Asnan" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian vegetation goddess. Minor deity probably known to the Sumerians from circa 3500BC or earlier. She is concerned with the abundance of grain in the fields, sent as its protectress by the gods ENLIL and ENKI. According to creation accounts, she and the cattle god LAHAR were first intended to serve the needs of the Annunaki, the celestial children of AN, but when the heavenly creatures were found unable to make use of their products, humankind was created to provide an outlet for their services. Attributes: ears of corn sprouting from her shoulders....
God name "Assur" Mesopotamian / Babylonian - Akkadian Tutelary god. The national deity of Assyria. In the Assyrian copies of the creation epic Enuma Elis he replaces MARDUK as the hero....
Goddess name "Baba" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian Fertility goddess. Locally worshiped in Lagas, where Gudea built her a temple. Also Bau....
God name "Bel" ” Mesopotamian / Babylonian - Akkadian Generic title meaning “lord. The Babylonian god MARDUK was often addressed as Bel, and the name occurs in the Vetus Testamentum. The New Year festival of akitu in Babylon included a ceremony of “leading Bel by the hand.” The name also appears at Palmyra as the tutelary creator god whose attributes include lightning and an eagle....
Goddess name "Belet-Seri" Mesopotamian / Babylonian - Akkadian Chthonic underworld goddess. The recorder of the dead entering the otherworld. Known as the “Scribe of the earth.”...
Goddess name "Belili" Mesopotamian / Babylonian - Akkadian Goddess. See GES TIN-ANA....
Goddess name "Beltiya (my lady)" Mesopotamian / Babylonian - Akkadian Generic title of goddess. ZARPANITUM (SARPANITUM), the consort of the Babylonian god MARDUK, is often addressed as Beltiya....
God name "Birdu" Mesopotamian / Babylonian - Akkadian Minor chthonic underworld god. Consort of MANUNGAL and syncretized with NERGAL....
God name "Dagan (1)" Mesopotamian / Babylonian - Akkadian Grain and fertility god. Generally linked with ANU in giving status to cities e.g. the dedications by the ninth-century BC Assyrian king Assur-nasir-apli at Kalakh. Cult centers existed at Tuttul and Terqa....
Goddess name "Damaannrna" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian Mother goddess. She first appears as a consort of ENLIL and, as Mesopotamian traditions progress, becomes associated with EA and the mother of the Babylonian god MARDUK. Also DAMKINA (Akkadian)....
Goddess name "Damkina" Mesopotamian / Babylonian - Akkadian Goddess. Consort of Ea.See also DAMGALNUNA....
God name "Eimesarra" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian Chthonic god of the law. According to texts he controls the me's or Divine rules....
God name "Enbilulu" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian River god. In creation mythology he is placed in charge of the sacred rivers Tigris and Euphrates by the god ENKI. He is also god of canals, irrigation and farming. In Babylonian times he becomes the son of EA and is syncretized with ADAD....
God name "Enzu" Mesopotamian / Babylonian - Akkadian God. The name is a corruption, apparently a misreading of Suen, the archaic form of SIN....
Goddess name "Galla" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian Minor underworld gods. Attendants of the goddess ERES KIGAL. Also Gallu....
Goddess name "Gatumdug" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian Fertility goddess. The daughter of the sky god AN, she is the tutelary mother goddess of Lagas'....
God name "Ges”tu" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian Minor god of intellect. According to legend he was sacrificed by the great gods and his blood was used in the creation of mankind....
Goddess name "Gula (great one)" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian Goddess of healing. Consort of NINURTA. Her animal is the dog. She may be synonymous with NIN'INSINA. Also mentioned in Hellenistic Babylonian times. A Gula temple is described at Uruk. Also NINTINUGGA....
Goddess name "Gunura" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian deity of uncertain status. Described variously as the husband of the goddess NIN'INSINA and the father of Damu (DUMUZI), but also as the sister of Damu....
God name "Hahanu" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian God of uncertain function. Known from passing reference in texts and from inscriptions....
God name "Hani(s)" Mesopotamian / Babylonian - Akkadian Minor god. The attendant of ADAD and linked with SULLAT....
God name "Hayasum" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian Minor god. Known from texts, but of uncertain function....
God name "Hendursaga" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian God of the law. He was titled by Gudea of Lagas ”herald of the land of Sumer.”...
God name "Igigi" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian Collective name of a class of gods. The group of younger sky gods in the pantheon headed by ENLIL (ELLIL). They are often described in the texts in conjunction with the ANUNNAKI....
God name "Ilabrat" Mesopotamian / Babylonian - Akkadian Minor god. The attendant and minister of state of the chief sky god ANU....
Goddess name "Is'ara" Mesopotamian / Babylonian - Akkadian / / western Semitic Goddess of marriage and childbirth. Also a deity concerned with the enforcing of oaths. Known chiefly from early inscriptions and some Akkadian texts. Her Mesopotamian cult center was the Babylonian town of Kisurra, but she is also thought to have been worshiped across a wide area among Syrians, Canaanites and Hittites. Her symbol is the scorpion. Also Es ara....
God name "Kis”ar" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian Primordial god(dess). The consort or equal of ANS'AR and mother or creator of AN and KI in the creation cosmos....
God name "Kulla" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian God of builders. The god responsible for the creation of bricks....
God name "Kus" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian God of herdsmen. Identified in the Theogony of Dunnu....
God name "Lugal-Irra" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian Chthonic underworld god. Probably a minor variation of ERRA, the Babylonian plague god. The prefix Lugal means ”lord.” Often coupled with MES LAM TAEA, god of war....
God name "Lulal" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian God of uncertain status. Mentioned as living in BadtIbira in the Sumerian text Descent of Inana. Also linked with a god Latarak....
Goddess name "Mami" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian Mother goddess. Identified in the Atrahasis texts and other creation legends and probably synonymous with NINHURSAG A. She was involved in the creation of mankind from clay and blood. The name almost certainly came into use because it is the first word that a child formulates. Also Mama; Mammitum....
Goddess name "Mamitu" Mesopotamian / Babylonian - Akkadian Goddess of oaths and treaties. One of the consorts of NERGAL and subsequently identified as a chthonic underworld deity. Also Mammetu....
God name "Mandanu" Mesopotamian / Babylonian - Akkadian God of Divine judgment. Known from the neo-Babylonian period....
God name "Manmngal" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian Chthonic underworld god. A minor deity, the consort of birdU....
God name "Mes Lam Taea" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian God of war. An aggressive aspect of the chthonic underworld god NERGAL. Often linked with the god LUGAL-IRRA....
Goddess name "Mulliltu" Mesopotamian / Babylonian - Akkadian Goddess. The consort of ELLIL (ENLIL) and of ASSUR. She derives from the Sumerian goddess NINLIL....
Goddess name "NAMMU" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian / Iraq Chthonic creator and birth goddess. Nammu is identified in various texts as the goddess of the watery deeps. As a consort of AN she is the mother of ENKI and the power of the riverbed to produce water. Alternatively Nammu is the progenitrix of An and KI, the archetypal deities of heaven and earth. She also engendered other early gods and in one poem is the mother of all mortal life. She molded clay collected by creatures called sig-en-sig-du and brought it to life, thus creating mankind. She is attended by seven minor goddesses and may ultimately have become syncretized with NINHURSAG A....
Goddess name "NINURTA (lord plough)" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian / Iraq God of thunderstorms and the plough. Ninurta is the Sumerian god of farmers and is identified with the plough. He is also the god of thunder and the hero of the Sumerian pantheon, closely linked with the confrontation battles between forces of good and evil that characterize much of Mesopotamian literature. He is one of several challengers of the malignant dragon or serpent Kur said to inhabit the empty space between the earth's crust and the primeval sea beneath. Ninurta is the son of Enlil and Ninhursaga a, alternatively Ninlil, and is the consort of Gula, goddess of healing. He is attributed with the creation of the mountains which he is said to have built from giant stones with which he had fought against the demon Asag. He wears the horned helmet and tiered skirt and carries a weapon Sarur which becomes personified in the texts, having its own intelligence and being the chief adversary, in the hands of Ninurta, of Kur. He carries the double-edged scimitar-mace embellished with lions' heads and, according to some authors, is depicted in nonhuman form as the thunderbird lmdugud (sling stone), which bears the head of a lion and may represent the hailstones of the god. His sanctuary is the E-padun-tila. Ninurta is perceived as a youthful warrior and probably equates with the Babylonian heroic god Marduk. His cult involved a journey to Eridu from both Nippur and Girsu. He may be compared with Is”kur, who was worshiped primarily by herdsmen as a storm god....
God name "Nabu" Mesopotamian / Babylonian - Akkadian God of writing and wisdom. The son of MARDUX and ZARPANITU(M), his consort is TASMETU(M). He is symbolized by the inscribing stylus. A major deity in neo-Babylonian times from the eighth century BC onward, with an important sanctuary at Borsippa, near Babylon, known as the Ezida. He is considered a god of mountain regions, described as the “firstborn son of Marduk” and his image is closely involved in the New Year akitu festival. Also NEBO (Vetus Testamentum)....
Goddess name "Neti" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian Chthonic underworld god. Chief gatekeeper of the netherworld. The servant of the goddess ERES KIGAL. Neti features prominently in the epic legend of Inana‘s Descent into the underworld when he opens the seven gates of the realm and admits the goddess, removing one emblem of her power at the threshold of each gate....
Goddess name "Nin-Imma" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian Fertility goddess. Deification of the female sex organs, fathered by Enki with Ninkurra....
Goddess name "Ningal (great queen)" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian Reed goddess. Ningal is the daughter of ENKI and NINGIKUGA and the consort of the moon god NANNA by whom she bore UTU...
Goddess name "Ningikuga (lady of the pure reed)" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian Goddess of reeds and marshes. One of the consorts of ENKI and the daughter of AN and NAMMU....
Deity name "Ningilin" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian Obscure deity. His symbol is probably the mongoose. Also Ninkilim....
God name "Ningirama" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian God of magic. A minor deity invoked particularly as a protection against snakes....
God name "Ningirsu" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian Tutelary god. His mother is NINHURSAGa A. Known from the city of Lagas (Girsu) where Gudea built a major temple in his honor, the Eninnu. His symbol is a lion-headed eagle and his weapon the mace S, arur. Texts describe Ningirsu making a journey to Eridu to notify the god ENKI of Gudea's achievement....
Goddess name "Niniiniinna" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian Fertility goddess. A daughter of An and Uras and probably an alternative name for Is”tar. She is the consort of the god Pabilsag and is mentioned in respect of a sanctuary built by warad Sin during the Isin dynasty. Texts describe her going to present Enlil with gifts in Nippur. Other inscriptions suggest she was the mother of the god Damu (Dumuzi)....
God name "Ninkarnunna" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian Barber god. An attendant of the god Ninurta....
Goddess name "Ninkurra" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian Minor mother goddess. Ninkurra is linked briefly as consort to Enlil (her grandfather), by whom after nine days of gestation she gave birth to the goddess Uttu. In alternative mythology she was the mother of Nin-imma, the deification of female sex organs....
Goddess name "Ninmah" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian Mother goddess. Probably an early syncretization with Ninhursaga a. Identified in creation texts acting as midwife while the mother goddess Nammu makes different kinds of human individuals from lumps of clay at a feast given by Enki to celebrate the creation of humankind. Also regarded as the mother of the goddess Uttu by Enki.See also Ninhursagaa....
Goddess name "Nins ubur" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian Messenger God (Goddess). The servant of the goddess Inana, she is particularly prominent in the legend of Inana's Descent and the death of Dumuzi. In Akkadian texts the sex changes to a male personality, the minister of Anu....
Goddess name "Ninsun(a) (lady wild cow)" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian cow goddess. Tutelary goddess of Gudea of Lagas.. Consort of the Sumerian heroic king Lugalbanda and also identified as the mother of the hero Gilgames.....
Goddess name "Nintu" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian Mother goddess. According to legend she pinched off fourteen pieces of primordial clay which she formed into womb deities, seven on the left and seven on the right with a brick between them, who produced the first seven pairs of human embryos. She is closely identified with the goddess Ninhursaga a and may have become Belet Ili (mistress of the gods) when, at Enki's suggestion, the gods slew one among themselves and used his blood and flesh, mixed with clay, to create mankind....
Goddess name "Nunbarsegunu" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian Obscure mother goddess. Mentioned in creation texts as the “old woman of Nippur,” she is identified as the mother of NINLIL, the air goddess. Nunbarsegunu allegedly instructs her daughter in the arts of obtaining the attentions of ENLIL....
God name "Nus ku" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian God of light. The son of ENLIL. Also a god of fire, he is symbolized by a lamp. Sanctuaries have been identified at Harran and Neirab....
Goddess name "Pa-bil-sag" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian Tutelary god of Isin. The consort of the goddess NIN'INSINNA. Identified with the city of Larak (lost), texts describe Pabilsag journeying to Nippur and presenting the god ENLIL with gifts. He is given the epithet of “the wild bull with multicolored legs.”...
God name "S ara" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian Minor war god. Mainly identified with the city of Umma, north east of Unug (Uruk), and identified in some texts as the son of INANA (IS TAR)....
Goddess name "Sala" Mesopotamian / Babylonian - Akkadian war goddess. A consort of ADAD, she carries a doubleheaded mace-scimitar embellished with lion heads....
Goddess name "Samas'" Mesopotamian / Babylonian - Akkadian Sun god. The patron deity of Sippar and Larsa. His consort is the mother goddess A-A. S amas derives from the god UTU in the Sumerian pantheon. He is associated with justice. His symbol is the Sun disc and a star surrounded with radiating Sunbeams. He may carry a single-headed scimitar embellished with a panther head. His sanctuary is known as the E-babbar. Also associated with human-headed bulls. His attendant deities include Mes aru, justice, and Kettu, righteousness. He came to much greater prominence in the pantheon at Babylon from about the eighteenth century BC....
Goddess name "Sarra lntu" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian Fertility goddess. Originally the tutelary deity of the city of Su-Sin. By Hellenistic times she probably became the more important goddess Sarrahitu who is included in the pantheon at Uruk and mentioned in various cult texts where she is described as “the bride” and was presumably involved in a sacred marriage ceremony....
God name "Sebitti" Mesopotamian / Babylonian - Akkadian Group of minor war gods. The children of the god ANU who follow the war god ERRA into battle. They are, in alternative traditions, of good or evil influence. In Greek tradition they become the Pleiades....
Goddess name "Siduri" Mesopotamian / Babylonian - Akkadian Minor goddess of brewing. Also identified with wisdom....
Goddess name "Sirara" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian Goddess of the Persian Gulf. In creation mythology she is given charge over the waters of the Gulf by the god ENKI....
Goddess name "Sirtur" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian Sheep goddess. Known from inscriptions and passing comments in texts. Syncretized with NINSUN....
God name "Sulman(u)" Mesopotamian / Babylonian - Akkadian / / western Semitic Chthonic and fertility deity. Also identified as a war god. Found in Assyria circa 1400 BC to 700 BC and known from Bronze Age inscriptions at Sidon....
Goddess name "Tasmetu(m)" Mesopotamian / Babylonian - Akkadian Goddess. The consort of the god NABU....
God name "Tispak" Mesopotamian / Babylonian - Akkadian God. The tutelary deity of the city of Es numma....
God name "Tutu" Mesopotamian / Babylonian - Akkadian God. The tutelary god of Borsippa, near Babylon, during the reign of Hammurabi in the old Babylonian period, but later superseded by NABU....
God name "Ukur" Mesopotamian / Babylonian - Akkadian Chthonic underworld god. Uma...
God name "Wer" Mesopotamian / Babylonian - Akkadian storm god. A minor deity linked with ADAD and AMURRU. His attendant is the fierce guardian of the pine Forest, Huwawa, the focus of one of the Gilgames epic sagas. Cult centers include Afis, south of Aleppo....
Goddess name "Zarpanitu(m)" Mesopotamian / Babylonian - Akkadian Birth goddess. The consort of MARDIJK whose marriage was celebrated annually at New Year in Babylon. Also Erua; SARPANITJM....