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God Name and Meaning

List of Gods   : "western Semitic"

NameOriginDescription
Goddess name "A-a" Mesopotamian / Babylonian - Akkadian / / western Semitic Sun goddess. Consort of the un god SAMAS . Also AYA....
Goddess name "Allatu(m)" Western Semitic Chthonic underworld goddess. Modeled on the Mesopotamian goddess ERESKIGAL and possibly also equating with ARSAY in Canaanite mythology. Recognized by the Carthaginians as Allatu....
God name "Amurru" Western Semitic mountain god. A minor consort of ATHIRAT whose attributes include a shepherd's crook and who was probably worshiped by herders. Known mainly from inscriptions. Also MARTU....
Goddess name "Arsay" Western Semitic / Canaanite Chthonic underworld goddess. According to epic creation texts, she is the third daughter of BAAL at Ugarit (Ras Samra), possibly also equating with ALLATUM....
Goddess name "Aseer u" Western Semitic / Canaanite / / Hittite Fertility goddess. Identified in Ugaritic (Ras Samra) texts as an unfaithful consort of ELKUNIRSA. Also Aserdus (Hittite)....
Goddess name "As”palis" Western Semitic Hunting goddess. There is scant mention of As”palis from Melite in Phthia and she is probably a local version of ARTEMIS. As in certain Artemis mythology, she hanged herself and her body disappeared....
Goddess name "As”ratum" Western Semitic / Canaanite Fertility goddess. Probably a corruption of the Semitic ATHIRAT or ASERAH. Also mentioned in Babylonian texts from the Hellenistic period. Also As”rat (Akkadian)....
Goddess name "As”taroth" Western Semitic Fertility goddess. Goddess of sheep herders equating with the Phoenician goddess ASTARTE. Also a plural form of the name As”toreth and used as a collective name for goddesses (cf. BAAL)....
Goddess name "Athirat" Western Semitic / Canaanite Fertility goddess. In Old Babylonian texts of Hammurabi she is identified as the daughter-in-law of the king of heaven. She is also known from pre-Islamic southern Arabia as a consort of the moon god AMM.See also ASERAH....
God name "Attar" Western Semitic God of the morning star. In Canaanite legend, he attempts to usurp the dead BAAL but proves inadequate to fill the god's throne. In semi-arid regions of western Asia where irrigation is essential, he was sometimes worshiped as a Rain god. His female counterpart is the Phoenician ASTARTE. Also probably identified as Dhu-S amani in more southerly regions....
Goddess name "BAAL (lord)" Western Semitic / Canaanite / northern Israel, Lebanon / later Egypt vegetation deity and national god. Baal may have originated in pre-agricultural times as god of storms and Rain. He is the son of DAGAN and in turn is the father of seven storm gods, the Baalim of the Vetus Testamentum, and seven midwife goddesses, the SASURATUM. He is considered to have been worshiped from at least the nineteenth century BC. Later he became a vegetation god concerned with fertility of the land. From the mid-sixteenth century BC in the Egyptian New kingdom, Baal enjoyed a significant cult following, but the legend of his demise and restoration was never equated with that of OSIRIS. In the Greco-Roman period, Baal became assimilated in the Palestine region with ZEUS and JUPITER, but as a Punic deity [Carthage] he was allied with SATURNUS, the god of seed-sowing....
God name "Baa! Ma!age" Western Semitic / Phoenician Local tutelary god. Probably of Canaanite origin, closely equating with BAAL SAMIN and known only from inscriptions....
Deities name "Baa! Samin (lord of heaven)" Western Semitic / Phoenician Head of the pantheon. Probably originated in Canaanite culture as a god of Rain and vegetation, but became extensively revered in places as far apart as Cyprus and Carthage. Epithets include “bearer of thunder.” Baal Samin is first mentioned in a fourteenth century BC treaty between the Hittite king Suppiluliuma and Nigmadu II of Ugarit. He had a major sanctuary at Byblos, according to inscription, “built by Yehemilk.” Josephus confirms that his cult existed at the time of Solomon. At Karatepe his name appears at the head of a list of national deities and on Seleucid coinage he is depicted wearing a half-moon crown and carrying a radiate Sun disc. Other epithets include “lord of eternity” and he may also have been god of storms at sea, a patron deity of mariners. By Hellenic times he equated with ZEUS in the Greek pantheon and the Romans identified him as Caelus (sky). Also Baal-Samem....
Deities name "Baa! Sapon" Western Semitic / Phoenician Local tutelary god. Probably of Canaanite origin and closely equating with BAAL SAMIN. According to Ugaritic texts he lives on a mountain in the north of Phoenicia known as Saphan, which may have served as a beacon for mariners. Other local variations of mountain deities include Baal Hermon and Baal Brathy....
Goddess name "Baubo" Western Semitic / Syrian Mother goddess. Known locally from Priene and largely became syncretized with ATARGATIS, KYBELE, etc....
God name "Bethel" Western Semitic / Phoenician Local tutelary god. Probably of Aramaean or Syrian origin. First mentioned in a fourteenth century treaty between the Hittite king Suppiluliuma and Nigmadu II of Ugarit [Ras Samra]. He appears more regularly on inscriptions from the end of the seventh century BC and enjoyed considerable popularity during the neo-Babylonian period. Bethel is mentioned in the Biblical text of Jeremiah 48.13, implying that some Israelites acknowledged this deity. There is no evidence of links with the historical place names, including that mentioned in Genesis 38.13....
Supreme god name "Dagan (2)" Western Semitic / Canaanite / Phoenician Grain and fertility god. The father of BAAL in Ugaritic creation epics. A major sanctuary was built in his honor at Mari [Syria] and he was recognized in parts of Mesopotamia where he acquired the consort Salas. Worshiped mainly at Gaza and As”dod, but also the supreme god of the Philistines. Known in biblical references as Dagon (Judges 16.23). Mentioned in the apocryphal Book of Maccabees. The cult is thought to have continued until circa 150 BC. Israelite misinterpretation of the Ugaritic root Dagan led to the assumption that he was a fish god, therefore attributes include a fish tail....
God name "Dolichenus" Western Semitic / Syrian weather god. Depicted bearded and standing upon a bull. Attributes include a double ax and lightning. He became syncretized with the Roman god JUPITER....
God name "Dus”ara (‘the one' of s ara)" Western Semitic / Nabataean Local tutelary god. Associated with vegetation and fertility in the Hauran region from about 312 BC until circa AD 500. Regarded as a supreme deity, comparable to BAAL S AMIN, who never achieved Dus ara's popularity among the nomadic Nabataeans, for whom farming was precarious. He was represented by a black obelisk at Petra. Sacred animals are the eagle and panther. Attributes include a vine stem. In Hellenic times he was the subject of inscriptions at Delos and Miletus and he was equated with DIONYSOS. Also Dus ares; Dus-S ara....
God name "El'eb" Western Semitic / Canaanite Primordial god. In some texts the god EL (IL) is not the original being but is preceded by a father figure. EL-EB translates as “god the father.”See also YALDABAOTH....
God name "Elkunirsa" Western Semitic / Canaanite / / Hittite Creator god. Allegedly borrowed and modified from the Canaanite god IL. His consort is As”erdus (Canaanite: ASERTU)....
Goddess name "Es”mun" Western Semitic / Phoenician God of healing. Known first from the Iron Age levels at Sidon, his cult spread as far as Carthage, Cyprus and Sardinia. Possibly became syncretized with the god MELQART and, in Hellenic times, with the physician god ASKLEPIOS. His name further became linked with the mother goddess CAELESTIS....
Goddess name "Gad" Western Semitic / Punic / Carthaginian God of uncertain status. Probably concerned with chance or fortune and known from Palmyrene inscriptions, and from the Vetus Testamentum in place names such as Baal-Gad and Midal-Gad. Popular across a wide area of Syrio-Palestine and Anatolia in preBiblical times. Thought to have been syncretized ultimately with the Greek goddess TYCHE....
Goddess name "Hadad" Western Semitic / Syrian / Phoenician weather god. Derived from the Akkadian deity ADAD. In texts found at the site of the ancient Canaanite capital of Ugarit [Ras Samra] , the name of Hadad apparently becomes a substitute for that of BAAL. His voice is described as roaring from the clouds and his weapon is the thunderbolt. His mother is the goddess ASERAH. During Hellenic times he was predominantly worshiped at Ptolemais and Hierapolis. His Syrian consort is ATARGATIS, who overshadowed him in local popularity at Hierapolis. Statues of the two deities were carried in procession to the sea twice yearly. According to the Jewish writer Josephus, Hadad also enjoyed a major cult following at Damascus in the eighth and ninth centuries BC. By the third century BC the Hadad-Atargatis cult had extended to Egypt, when he becomes identified as the god SUTEKH. In the Greek tradition his consort becomes HERA.See also ADAD....
God name "Haurun" Western Semitic / Canaanite Chthonic or earth god. Haurun was introduced to Egyptian religion probably by emigre workers who related him to the sculpture of the Sphinx at Giza. Haurun was known locally as a god of healing....
God name "Ilaalge" Western Semitic / Nabataean Local god. Worshiped at Al-Ge [el-Gi in Wadi Musa, in the Arabian desert]....
Goddess name "Is'ara" Mesopotamian / Babylonian - Akkadian / / western Semitic Goddess of marriage and childbirth. Also a deity concerned with the enforcing of oaths. Known chiefly from early inscriptions and some Akkadian texts. Her Mesopotamian cult center was the Babylonian town of Kisurra, but she is also thought to have been worshiped across a wide area among Syrians, Canaanites and Hittites. Her symbol is the scorpion. Also Es ara....
God name "Kinnar (divine lyre)" Western Semitic Musician god. Mentioned in Ugaritic texts and known from Phoenicia. Probably equating with the Syrian ADONIS. Also Kinnur....
God name "Kotar" Western Semitic / Syrian Blacksmith god. Identified in the Ugaritic (Ras Samra) texts as building a palace for the god BAAL and forging his weapons for the conflict against the sea god YAMM. Known also from Phoenician inscriptions. Also Kos”ar, Chusor, KINYRAS....
Goddess name "Liluri" Western Semitic / Syrian mountain goddess. The consort of the weather god Manuzi, her sacred animal is the bull....
Goddess name "Manawat" Western Semitic / Nabataean Goddess of destiny. Mentioned in a large number of inscriptions....
God name "Martu" Mesopotamian / Sumerian Tutelary god. The patron god of the city of Ninab mentioned in the texts but never re-discovered. Probably not a true Sumerian deity but adopted from an unknown western Semitic culture. He is sometimes identified as a storm god....
God name "Mikal" Western Semitic / Phoenician Local god. The cult was followed strongly on Cyprus. Some authorities believe he was invoked as a plague god....
God name "Milkastart" Western Semitic Local tutelary god. Known only from Umm el-Ammed where his cult apparently co-existed with that of BAAL SAPON. One of two major temples built at Umm el-Ammed in the third century BC was probably dedicated to milkASTART, and the name is regarded as a syncretization of MELQART and ASTARTE....
Deities name "Milkom" Western Semitic / Ammonite Tutelary god. One of the deities mentioned in the Vetus Testamentum (1 kings 11.5) as being worshiped by the Israelite king Solomon. Also Milcom....
God name "Mlk-Amuklos" Western Semitic / Syrio - Palestine / / Cyprus Heroic god. Known from inscriptions circa 1100 BC and possibly one of the original pre-Hellenic models from which APOLLO was derived....
God name "Molek" Western Semitic / Ammonite God. Synonymous with the god Moloch (Hebrew) of the Vetus Testamentum to whom Israelite children were sacrificed by burning (1 kings 11.7 and 2 kings23.10)...
Goddess name "Myrrha / Syyrna" Western Semitic / Phoenician Fertility goddess. Known from inscriptions as the mother of the god Kinnur. Also Syyrna....
God name "Nebo" Western Semitic God of writing and wisdom. Known from Syrio-Palestinian inscriptions and equating to the Akkadian NABU. Mentioned in the Vetus Testamentum....
Goddess name "Nikkal" Western Semitic / Syrian moon goddess. The consort of the moon god Jarih and probably evolved from the Mesopotamian pantheon....
God name "Phariebal (face of Baal)" Western Semitic Minor attendant god. A youthful warrior deity with right hand raised who appears on coins struck at Ascalon from the time of Augustus....
Goddess name "Quades" Semitic Goddess of fertility Western Semitic
Goddess name "Quades” (the holy one)" Western Semitic Fertility goddess. probably originating in Syria. She epitomizes female sexuality and eroticism in the mold of ASTARTE. She was adopted by Egypt with the fertility gods MIN and RESEP and became partly associated with the goddess HATHOR. She is usually depicted nude standing on the back of a lion (see also INANA and NINHURSAG A) between Min to whom she offers a lotus blossom, and Res”ep for whom she bears snakes. Her cult followed the typically ancient Near Eastern pattern of a sacred marriage carried out by her votary priestesses and their priests or kings....
"Qudsu" Western Semitic Personification of holiness. Known from inscriptions at Tyre where a human figure stands naked on a lion, wearing a spiral headdress and holding lotus blossoms and serpents....
God name "Rakib-El" Western Semitic / Syrian moon god. Known chiefly from inscriptions circa eighth century BC....
God name "Res”ep (A) Mukal" Western Semitic / Canaanite / Phoenician / , originating in Syria war and plague god. Introduced into Egypt by the XVIII Dynasty during the sixteenth century BC and rapidly achieved some prominence. His wife is Itum and he was also known as Res ep-Amukal and Res epSulman. Res ep is probably modeled on the Mesopotamian NERGAL. He is depicted as a youthful, warlike god, often with a gazelle's head springing from his forehead, and with a spear in his right hand. In Egyptian iconography he is depicted wearing the crown of Upper Egypt surmounted in front by the head of a gazelle. He has links with the Theban war god MONTU and was thought of as a guardian deity in battle by many Egyptian pharaohs; he is said to have shot firebrands with a bow and arrow. He also exerted a benign influence against disease. The influence of Res ep extended to Cyprus during the preHellenic period and at the time of Hellenization he was allied to and perhaps syncretized with APOLLO. Also Ras ap, Res ef....
God name "S ar" Western Semitic / Syrian God of the dawn. Generally linked with the god of evening, S ALIM....
God name "Sadrapa" Western Semitic / Syrian / / Pontic God of healing. He is depicted on reliefs as a youth holding a scorpion or snake. Known originally from Palmyra, his popularity spread to Carthage and, during the Hellenic period, to the Greek coast. Also Satrapis (Greek)....
God name "Sahar" Western Semitic / Aramaic moon god. Known from inscriptions....
God name "Sai' Al Qaum (the good and beautiful god who does not drink wine)" Western Semitic / Nabataean Local guardian deity. Known from two inscriptions at Palmyra which suggest him to be a protector of caravans. Attributes include a helmet. He may have developed from an Egyptian god Sai (Greek: Psais)....
God name "Salim" Western Semitic / Syrian God of evening. Generally linked with SAR, the god of dawn....
God name "Sapas" Western Semitic / Canaanite Sun god. Modeled on the Mesopotamian (Babylonian-Akkadian) god SAMAS....
Goddess name "Sasuratum" Western Semitic / Canaanite Midwife goddesses. A group of seven female deities fathered by BAAL. Also Kosharot (Hebrew)....
Goddess name "Si'a" Western Semitic / Phoenician Minor attendant goddess. The personification of the holiness of sanctuaries of BAAL S AMIN. In Hellenic times she may have become syncretized with TYCHE....
God name "Sulman(u)" Mesopotamian / Babylonian - Akkadian / / western Semitic Chthonic and fertility deity. Also identified as a war god. Found in Assyria circa 1400 BC to 700 BC and known from Bronze Age inscriptions at Sidon....
Goddess name "Sulmanitu" Western Semitic Fertility goddess. Concerned with love and war; also has underworld connections. Recognized chiefly at Sidon, but included in the Ugaritic pantheon. Thought by some authors to be the immediate derivation of the biblical “Shulamite woman” (Vetus Testamentum song of Solomon 6:13)....
Goddess name "Thatmanitu" Semitic Goddess of health and healing. Western Semitic
Goddess name "Thatmanitu" Western Semitic Local goddess of healing. Recognized chiefly at Sidon, but also included in the Ugaritic pantheon....
God name "Ugar" Western Semitic / Syrian vegetation god. Possibly linked with the Canaanite city of Ugarit [Ras Samra]....