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God Name and Meaning

List of Gods : "Lower"   (69 records)

NameOriginDescription
God name
"ATUM"
Egypt Sun god and creator god. Atum is generally represented in human form and often wears a crown which combines those of Upper and Lower Egypt. He is represented as various animals including the bull, lion, snake and lizard. Atum was regarded as the progenitor of the Egyptian pharaohs. Both Atum and Re are represented by a Divine black bull, Mnevis or Mer-wer, wearing the Sun disc and uraeus or snake between its horns. It acts as an intercessor between the Sun god and his priests in Heliopolis....
Hero name
"Acheron"
Greek Acheron a son of Helios and Gaea or Demeter, and was changed into the river bearing his name in the lower world, because he had refreshed the Titans with drink during their contest with Zeus.

"Adaro"
Melanesia / Polynesia A creature which is half human, half fish, having the upper body of a human and the lower part of its body is like a fish. They live in the Sun, and travel to earth on Rainbows. Melanesia / Polynesia
Goddess name
"Andjety"
Egypt / Lower Chthonic underworld god. Minor deity in anthropomorphic form known from the Pyramid Texts. Identified with the ninth nome (district). Responsible for rebirth in the afterlife and regarded as a consort of several fertility goddesses. He was revered at Busiris where he clearly heralded the cult of Osiris. Attributes: high conical crown (similar to the atef crown of Osiris) decorated with two tall plumes, crook and flail. In early Pyramid Texts, the feathers are replaced by a bicornuate uterus.See also Osiris....
Goddess name
"Anukis"
Egypt Birth goddess and of the cataracts of the lower Nile. Egypt
Goddess name
"Armkis [Greek]"
Egypt / Upper Birth goddess. Minor deity with cult centers in lower Nubia and at Elephantine. She is variously the daughter of RE, and of KHNUM and SATIS. Anukis lives in the cataracts of the Lower Nile. Her portrait appears in the Temple of Rameses II at Beit-et-Wali where she suckles the pharaoh, suggesting that she is connected with birth and midwifery, but she also demonstrates a malignant aspect as a strangler (see HATHOR). Her sacred animal is the gazelle. Depicted anthropomorphically wearing a turban (modius) with ostrich feathers. Also Anuket (Egyptian)....
Spirit name
"Ba (2)"
Egypt / Lower Ram god. A fertility deity from early in Egyptian religion invoked particularly at Mendes. In a later cult, the name ba comes to represent the spirituality of a deity, often represented in an animal, e.g. the bull, or the mortal manifestation of a god as pharaoh....
Goddess name
"Bariebdjedet"
Egypt / Lower Ram god. Possibly concerned with arbitration, his consort is the fish goddess HATMEHYT. He is the father of HARPOKRATES. According to tradition (Chester Beatty I papyrus) he was called upon to intercede in the contest for the Egyptian kingdoms between HORUS and SETH. He is placed in some accounts in Upper Egypt on the island of Seheil at the first Nile cataract, but his cult is centered on Mendes in the Delta region of Lower Egypt [Tell et-Ruba] and is closely linked with the mother of Rameses III. He is generally depicted in anthropomorphic form, but with the head of a ram....
Goddess name
"Bastet aka Pasht"
Egypt Goddess of fertility, love, sex,of joy. A Divine mother, and more especially as protectress, for Lower Egypt (Bastet)
Goddess name
"Bat"
Egypt / Upper cow goddess of fertility. She was probably well known in the Old kingdom (circa 2700 BC onward). Associated principally with Upper Egypt, for a while she may have rivaled Hathor in Lower Egypt but by the time of the New kingdom (sixteenth century BC) her influence had waned. She may be represented on the Narmer Palette (Cairo Museum) which com memorates the unification of the two kingdoms. Bat is only rarely found in large sculptures and paintings, but is often the subject of Egyptian period jewelry, including amulets and ritual sistrum rattles. Depicted as a cow or anthropo morphically with bovine ears and horns. Also Bata....
Goddess name
"CIPACTLI (great earth mother)"
Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Primordial goddess. Not strictly a goddess, but significant enough in Aztec cosmogony to be included here. According to tradition she was created in the form of a huge alligator-like monster by the underworld deities MICTLANTECUHLTI and MICTECACIHUATL. She may equate with TLALTECUHTLI, the toad-like earth monster torn apart to form heaven and earth. According to one tradition she emerged from the primordial waters and engaged in a fierce struggle with the Sun god TEZCATLIPOCA during which he tore off her lower jaw to prevent her sinking back into the depths and she bit off his right foot. The mountains are said to be the scaly ridges of her skin....
King name
"Cecrops"
Greek According to Apollodorus the first king of Attica, which derived from him its name Cecropia, having previously borne the name of Acte. He is described as an autochthon, the upper part of whose body was human, while the lower was that of a dragon. Hence he is gemimis. Greek

"Charon"
Greek A son of Erebos, the aged and dirty ferryman in the lower world, who conveyed in his boat the shades of the dead - though only of those whose bodies were buried across the rivers of the lower world. Greek
King name
"Charopus"
Greek Or Charops, bright-eyed or joyful-looking, a surname of Heracles, under which he had a statue near mount Laphystion on the spot where he was believed to have brought forth Cerberus from the lower world. Greek

"Chebeldei"
Siberia These are the inhabitants of lower world
God name
"Cizin (stench)"
Mayan / Yucatec / other tribes, Mesoamerican / Mexico God of death. The most important death god in the Mayan cultural area. Said to live in Metnal, the Yucatec place of death, and to burn the souls of the dead. He first burns the mouth and anus and, when the soul complains, douses it with water. When the soul complains of this treatment, he burns it again until there is nothing left. It then goes to the god Sicunyum who spits on his hands and cleanses it, after which it is free to go where it chooses. Attributes of Cizin include a fleshless nose and lower jaw, or the entire head may be depicted as a skull. Spine and ribs are often showing. He wears a collar with death eyes between lines of hair and a long bone hangs from one earlobe. His body is painted with black and particularly yellow spots (the Mayan color of death)....
God name
"Consus"
Roman Some call him the god of secret deliberations, and others the hidden or mysterious god, that is, a god of the lower regions. Roman

"Danace"
Greek A coin placed by the Greeks in the mouth of the dead to pay their passage across the ferry of the Lower world.
God name
"Devaputra"
Buddhist Designation for the lower ranked gods. Buddhist

"Dickepoten"
Germanic The Jack-o'-Lantern of Mark and Lower Saxony.

"Dis"
Roman Contracted from Dives, a name sometimes given to Pluto, and hence also to the lower world. Roman
God name
"Ek Chuah"
Mayan / Mesoamerican / Mexico God of merchants. Also the deity responsible for the cacao crop. (The cacao bean was traditionally the standard currency throughout Mesoamerica.) Probably of Putun origin, he is typically depicted painted black, except for a red area around the lips and chin. He has a distinctive downwardly projecting lower lip, horseshoe shapes around each eye and a highly elongated nose. He may also bear a scorpion's tail. Other attributes include a carrying strap in his headdress and sometimes a pack on his back. Also God M....
Deities name
"Elim"
Judaic Collective term for god's the lower order of the gods from the great deities, the Elohim Judaic
Deities name
"Elim"
Judaic Collective term for gods. Found in the Vetus Testamentum and distinguishing the lower order of gods from the great deities, ELOHIM....
Deities name
"Ennead"
Egypt / Lower The Heliopolis pantheon. The nine major deities enumerated and given their genealogy by the priesthood of Heliopolis, the center of the Sun-worshiping cult in Lower Egypt. Comprising the Sun god ATUM (or Atum-Re) and his offspring, S U, TEFNUT, GEB, NUT, OSIRIS, ISIS, SETH and NEPHTHYS. Other Egyptian cult centers possessed similar pantheons though not necessarily including the same list of deities. Thus, for example, the god PTAH presided at Thebes....

"Eurylochus"
Greek One of the companions of Odysseus in his wanderings. He was the only one that escaped from the house of Circe, while his friends were metamorphosed into swine; and when Odysseus went to the lower world, Eurylochus and Perimedes performed the prescribed sacrifices. It was on his advice that the companions of Odysseus carried off some of the oxen of Helios. Greek

"Eurynomus"
Greek A daemon of the lower world, concerning whom there was a tradition at Delphi, according to which, he devoured the flesh of dead human bodies, and left nothing but the bones. Greek
Goddess name
"Feronia"
Roman Goddess of orchards and protects freed men. Roman Also regarded as a goddess of the earth or the lower world because she is said to have given to her son three souls, so that Evander had to kill him thrice before he was dead. Roman
God name
"HERYSAF (he who is upon his lake)"
Egypt Primeval deity associated both with Osiris and Re. Herysaf is a ram god said to have emerged from the primeval ocean, possibly recreated in the form of a sacred lake at Hnes, the capital of Lower Egypt for a time at the beginning of the third millennium (during the First Intermediate Period). The god is depicted with a human torso and the head of a ram wearing the atef crown of Lower Egypt. Herysaf began as a local deity but took on national importance as the soul (ba) of RE, and of OSIRIS. Herysaf's sanctuary was enlarged by Rameses II and the god is said to have protected the life of the last Egyptian pharaoh when the Persian and later Macedonian dominations began. He eventually became syncretized with HERAKLES in Greco-Roman culture and Hnes became known as Herakleopolis ...
God name
"Hades"
Greek Or Pluton, Pluto, Plouton, Dis (Roman), and Aidoneus, the god of the lower world; Plato observes that people preferred calling him Pluton (the giver of wealth) to pronouncing the dreaded name of Hades or Aides. Hence we find that in ordinary life and in the mysteries the name Pluton became generally established, while the poets preferred the ancient name Aides or the form Pluteus. Greek
Goddess name
"Heret-Kau"
Egypt / Lower underworld goddess. Very little is known of Heret-Kau. She was recognized chiefly in the Old kingdom (27th to 22nd centuries BC), apparently concerned with guardianship of the deceased in the afterlife and sometimes appearing as a figurine in attendance on ISIS in building foundations....
God name
"Horus"
Egyptian The Egyptian day-god, represented in hieroglyphics by a sparrow-hawk, which bird was sacred to him. He was son of Osiris and Isis, but his birth being premature he was weak in the lower limbs. As a child he is seen carried in his mother's arms, wearing the pschent or atf, and seated on a lotus-flower with his finger on his lips. As an adult he is represented hawk-headed. Strictly speaking, Horus is the rising Sun, Ra the noonday Sun, and Osiris the setting Sun.
Spirit name
"Iadalbaoth"
Gnostic Child from the egg of chaos; the spirit of matter, the chief of the lower elohim and father of the six dark stellar spirits. Gnostic

"Ichthyocentaurus"
Greek A fish-centaur, or a particular kind of Triton. Ichthyocentauri were fabulous beings, the upper part of whose body was conceived to have a human form, and the lower that of a fish, while the place of the hands was occupied by a horse's feet. Greek
Goddess name
"Iusaas"
Egypt / Lower Creator goddess. Locally known from Heliopolis and perceived as being a feminine principle in the cosmos equating to the Sun god ATUM. Depicted anthropomorphically with a scarab on her head....
God name
"Kebechsenef"
Egypt Funerary god responsible for at the lower portion of the body Egypt

"Mania"
Etruscan An ancient and formidable Italian, probably Etruscan, divinity of the lower world, is called the mother of the Manes or Lares
Spirit name
"Mania"
Etruscan An ancient and formidable Italian, probably Etruscan, divinity of the lower world, is called the mother of the Manes or Lares. As regards her being the mother of the Manes or Lares, the idea seems to have been, that the souls of the departed on their arrival in the lower world became her children, and either there dwelt with her or ascended into the upper world as beneficent spirits.
God name
"Men"
Turkey God of the moon who ruled the upper and lower world Turkey
God name
"Men"
Phrygian / Turkey moon god. Ruler of both upper and lower worlds. Probably also a god of healing, he was subsequently adopted by the Greeks and Romans. The cult was popular during the imperial period, but its inscriptions were written in Greek....
Spirit name
"Mermaid"
Arabic A sea-spirit, the upper part a woman and the lower half a fish.
God name
"Mihos"
Egypt Lion god of Lower Egypt
Goddess name
"Mihos"
Egypt Lion god. The son of the goddess BASTET. Depicted in leonine form and originating from a cult center at Leontopolis [Tell el'Muqdam] in Lower Egypt. A sanctuary in his honor was built at Bubastis. Also Miysis (Greek)....
God name
"Mihos/ Miysis"
Egypt A lion god of Lower Egypt
Goddess name
"Mut"
Egypt The patron goddess of Thebes. In Upper Egypt she is the counterpart of SAKHMET, the Lower Egyptian goddess from Memphis. After superseding the goddess AMAUNET, she became locally the consort of the Sun god AMUN, in which capacity she is the mother of the moon god KHONSU. She was also regarded as the Divine mother of the Theban kings. Mut is depicted in human form wearing a vulture headdress sur mounted by the twin crowns of Upper and Lower Egypt. She is typically dressed in a bright red or blue patterned gown. Less frequently she is drawn with a lion's head. She enjoyed a cult center at Thebes where her sanctuary was known as the Iseru....
Goddess name
"Naenia"
Roman A dirge or lamentation such as was uttered at funerals, either by relatives of the deceased or by hired persons. At Rome Naenia was personified and worshipped as a goddess, who even had a chapel, which, however, as in the case of all other gods in connection with the dead, was outside the walls of the city, near the porta Viminalis. The object of this worship was probably to procure rest and peace for the departed in the lower world. Roman
God name
"Nefertum"
Egypt A minor primordial God of creation from lower Egypt
Goddess name
"Nefertum"
Egypt / Lower Minor god of primordial creation. Specifically he is the blue lotus blossom of RE. Nefertum was worshiped in the Nile delta as the son of the cobra goddess WADJET. At Memphis he is the son of the goddess SAKHMET, while elsewhere in Lower Egypt his mother is considered to be the goddess BASTET. Also Nephthemis (Greek)....
Spirit name
"Negafok"
Inuit Cold weather spirit who lowers the temperature in Winter. Inuit
God name
"Orcus aka Hades or Pluton"
Roman Orcus aka Hades or Pluton, the god of the lower world. Roman
Goddess name
"Pakhet"
Egypt Bast and Sekhmet were similar feline war gods, one for Upper Egypt and the other for Lower Egypt. Where the two groups met, at Beni Hasan, the similarity of the goddesses lead to a new merged form known as Pakhet.

"Phlegethon"
Greek I. e. the flaming, a river in the lower world, is described as a son of Cocytus; but he is more commonly called Pyriphlegethon. It flowed with fire that burned but did not consume fuel. In the Divine Comedy the river is made of boiling blood and is part of the seventh circle of hell, containing the shades of tyrants, murderers, robbers and those guilty of sins involving violence against others. Greek
God name
"Pluton"
Greek The giver of wealth, at first a surname of Hades, the god of the lower world. Greek
God name
"Rahu"
Blavatsky The seizer supposed to seize the Sun and moon and thus cause eclipses. "A giant, a Demi-god, the lower part of whose body ended in a dragon or serpent's tail. During the churning of the Ocean, when the gods produced amrita -- the water of Immortality -- he stole some of it, and drinking, became immortal. The Sun and moon, who had detected him in his theft, denounced him to Vishnu, who placed him in the stellar spheres, the upper portion of his body representing the dragon's head and the lower the dragon's tail; the two being the ascending and descending nodes. Since then, Rahu wreaks his vengeance on the Sun and moon by occasionally swallowing them. The secret Doctrine, by H. P. Blavatsky
God name
"Re-Horakhte"
Egypt Or Re-Harakhte ("Re-Horus at the horizon") was a combination of the Sun god Re from Lower Egypt and Horakhty who was an aspect of the falcon god Horus from Upper Egypt.

"Reliquiae"
Sanskrit The astral shells or spooks of human beings and animals which are left in the lower strata after death. Similar to bhuta. Sanskrit
King name
"Rhadamanthys"
Greek A son of Zeus and Europa, and brother of king Minos of Crete, or, according to others, a son of Hephaestus. From fear of his brother he fled to Ocaleia in Boeotia, and there married Alcmene. In consequence of his justice throughout life, he became, after his death, one of the judges in the lower world, and took up his abode in Elysium. Greek
King name
"Scylla"
Greek And Charybdis, the names of two rocks between Italy and Sicily, and only a short distance from one another. In the midst of the one of these rocks which was nearest to Italy, there dwelt, according to Homer, Scylla, a daughter of Crataeis, a fearful monster, barking like a dog, with twelve feet, six long necks and mouths, each of which contained three rows of sharp teeth. The opposite rock, which was much lower, contained an immense fig-tree, under which there dwelt Charybdis, who thrice every day swallowed down the waters of the sea, and thrice threw them up again: both were formidable to the ships which had to pass between them. Greek
Goddess name
"Sekhet-Hor"
Egypt The cow goddess of lower Egypt
Goddess name
"Sekhet-Hor"
Egypt / Lower cow goddess. The fostermother of the god HORUS and particularly invoked to safeguard cattle....
God name
"Senx"
BC Canada God of the Sun who is the ruler of a lower heavens BC Canada
God name
"Senx"
Bella Coola Indian / British Columbia, Canada Sun god. The ruler of the lower heaven, Sonx, in which is situated the home of the gods, Nusmeta (the house of myths). The only deity to whom the Bella Coola pray and make offerings. Hunters throw small pieces of mountain goat or seal flesh into a sacrificial fire. Also Ta'ata (our father); Smai'yakila (sacred one)....
God name
"Senx/ Ta'ata/ Sami'yaila"
Bella Coola / BC Canada the Sun god that is the ruler of a lower heavens
God name
"Seth"
Egypt Lord of Lower Egypt. Desert god associated with storms. Egypt
Goddess name
"Sothis [Greek]"
Egypt Astral goddess. She heralds the Nile inundation as the personification of the star Sirius which rises coincidentally in the dawn sky in July. She is depicted as a nude figure wearing the conical white crown of Lower Egypt surmounted by a star. Late in Egyptian history she becomes largely syncretized with ISIS. Also Sopdet (Egyptian)....
Goddess name
"Uadjet"
Egypt Wadjit, Wedjet, originally a local city goddess she eventually became the patron goddess of the whole of Lower Egypt associated with the land.
Goddess name
"Ubastet"
Egypt Originally viewed as the protector goddess of Lower Egypt, and consequently depicted as a fierce lion. Egypt
King name
"Vairgin"
Chukchee The Sun, moon, stars, and constellations are also known as vairgit; but the Sun is a special vairgin, represented as a man clad in a bright garment, driving dogs or reindeer. He descends every evening to his wife, the 'Walking-around-Woman'. The moon is also represented as a man. He is not a vairgin, however, but the son of a kele of the lower worlds. He has a lasso, with which he catches people who look too fixedly at him. Shamans invoke the moon in incantations and spells. Chukchee
Goddess name
"Wadjet"
Egypt Goddess of royal authority. Wadjet takes the form of a fire-breathing cobra and, as the uraeus symbol worn on the headdress of the ruler, she epitomizes the power of sovereignty. She is a goddess of Lower Egypt equating to NEKHBET in Upper Egypt, with her main cult center at Buto (Tell el-Farain) in the Nile delta. She forms an integral part of the symbolism of the Sun god RE, coiling around the Sun disc to symbolize Re's powers of destruction. According to mythology, she created the papyrus swamps of the delta. She is described as a wet nurse to the god HORUS and is the mother of the god of the primeval lotus blossom, NEFERTUM....