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God Name and Meaning

List of Gods   : "Syria"

NameOriginDescription
God name "ADONIS (lord)" Lebanon / Syria Fertility and vegetation god. Adonis is modeled on the Mesopotamian dying vegetation god DUMUZI (Hebrew: Tammuz). He appears as a youthful deity. The river Adonis [Nahr Ibrahim] is sacred to him largely because its waters flow red after heavy Winter Rains, having become saturated with ferrous oxide. In Hellenic tradition he is the son of the mythical Cyprian king Cinyras and his mother is MYRRHA. According to Hesiod he is also the son of Phoenix and Alphesiboea. He is the consort of APHRODITE. Tradition has it that he was killed by a boar during a hunting expedition and is condemned to the underworld for six months of each year, during which the earth's vegetation parches and dies under the summer Sun and drought. He was honored in a spring festival when priests in effeminate costume gashed themselves with knives. Frequently depicted nude and sometimes carrying a lyre. Also ATTIS (Phrygian); ATUNIS (Etruscan)....
Goddess name "ASERAH" Amorite, Canaanite,Phoenician, Lebanon, Syria Mother goddess. Aserah is the great mother goddess of Canaan. Known as “Lady Aserah of the sea,” she seems to have lived close by the place of IL, the Canaanite creator god, and is said to have had many sons. She is described as the “creatress of the gods” and the matron of a number of other goddesses who oversee the natural world. She is also ambiguous in her attitude to BAAL. She intercedes with Il when Baal wishes to build a palace of his own yet, when he is vanquished, she attempts to place one of her own offspring on the throne....
Goddess name "ASTARTE (star)" Semitic, Phoenician, Lebanon, Syria / The goddess of the evening star, of war / of sexual love Fertility goddess. Inscriptions from the fifth century BC in her major temple at Sidon suggest she was perceived as an emanation of BAAL SAMIN, personifying his Divine power. She is also his consort. Her animal is the sphinx, which typically appears on either side of her throne....
Goddess name "ASTORETH" Philistine , Israel, Lebanon Fertility goddess. Astoreth equates with the Syrian goddess ASTARTE, both being modeled on the Mesopotamian ISTAR. She was adopted, typically, as goddess of both love and war. She is usually depicted wearing a horned headdress....
Goddess name "Aasith" Egypt Goddess of the hunt, war, and the desert Egypt / Syria
God name "Adonis" Phoenicia / Syria A dying & resurrected god that embodies vegetation scorched by the heat of the summer Sunshine
Deity name "Aglibol" Roman / Syria / Greek / Palmaryia A lunar deity in the ancient Syrian city of Palmyra. His name means "Calf of Bel" ("Calf of the Lord"). He is depicted with a Lunar disk decorating his head, and sometimes his shoulders. Roman / Syria / Greek / Palmaryia
Goddess name "Anthat" Syria A war goddess who had a shrine at Thebes
Goddess name "Astarte" Syria A goddess of the moon
Goddess name "Asthertet" Syria Goddess of horses, war and the moon Syria
Goddess name "Atargatis" Asia Minor Ocean Mermaid a Goddess of Creation and Fertility. She was usually depicted with a fish tail; hence her modern identification as the Mermaid Goddess Known to the Romans as Dea Syria. She was worshipped by men performing auto-castration. Asia Minor
Goddess name "Atargatis" Syria Goddess of lakes, fertility and nature. She wears a mural crown, is the ancestor the royal house, the founder of social and religious life, the goddess of generation and fertility. Syria
Goddess name "Atargatis" Northern Syrian Mother goddess. She enjoyed major cults at Khirbet Tannur, where she is depicted as the vegetation goddess in nine separate variations, and at Khirbet Brak, where she is associated with dolphins. She often carries a cornucopia linking her with the goddess TYCHE (fortune) and may commonly be flanked by lions. She sometimes carries a rudder or wears the mural crown of a city guardian. There are hints of sky affinities in some depictions, with a sign of the zodiac or a nimbus-like veil....
God name "Azizos" Pre - Islamic northern Arabian Astral tutelary god. Locally worshiped at Palmyra, where he personifies the morning star, in company with his brother ARSU, who is the evening star. Associated with horses or camels. He was also venerated separately in Syria as god of the morning star, in company with the astral god Monimos....
God name "Baal" Syria A god of fertility
God name "Baal" Syria God of fertility. Syria
God name "Bar" Syria A god of mountains, war, deserts, battle
Goddess name "Baubo" Western Semitic / Syrian Mother goddess. Known locally from Priene and largely became syncretized with ATARGATIS, KYBELE, etc....
"Beherit" Syriac Another name for Satan. Syriac
God name "Bethel" Western Semitic / Phoenician Local tutelary god. Probably of Aramaean or Syrian origin. First mentioned in a fourteenth century treaty between the Hittite king Suppiluliuma and Nigmadu II of Ugarit [Ras Samra]. He appears more regularly on inscriptions from the end of the seventh century BC and enjoyed considerable popularity during the neo-Babylonian period. Bethel is mentioned in the Biblical text of Jeremiah 48.13, implying that some Israelites acknowledged this deity. There is no evidence of links with the historical place names, including that mentioned in Genesis 38.13....
God name "Dolichenus" Western Semitic / Syrian weather god. Depicted bearded and standing upon a bull. Attributes include a double ax and lightning. He became syncretized with the Roman god JUPITER....
God name "El" Syria A storm god, also found in the mythologies of Canaan & the early Jewish invaders Ymvh Jehova God
God name "Elagabal (lord of the mountain)" Syrian Local tutelary god. Probably originating as a mountain deity with strong solar links. His sacred animal is the eagle. His cult was based on the town of Emesa [Homs], where he was worshiped in the form of a dome-shaped, black stone obelisk. His name became Hellenized as Heliogabalos....
God name "Elgabal" Syria Local mountain god with solar links Syria
"Eljon" Syria Old syrian diety who was incorporated into El as El-Eljon, an epithet of Yahweh.
"Epaphos aka Epaphus" Greek A son of Zeus and Io, who was born on the river Nile, after the long wanderings of his mother. He was then concealed by the Curetes, by the request of Hera, but Io sought and afterwards found him in Syria. Greek
Goddess name "Fatima" Syrian The great goddess of the moon and fate, the source of the Sun and the virgin queen of heaven. Syrian
Angel name "Gabriel" Hebrew / Christian The angel of death to the favoured people of God, the prince of fire and thunder, and the only angel that can speak Syriac and Chaldee. The Mahometans call him the chief of the four favoured angels, and the spirit of truth. In medi?val romance he is the second of the seven spirits that stand before the throne of God, and, as God's messenger, carries to heaven the prayers of men. Hebrew / Christian
God name "Gapn" Syria This god appears as a messenger of Baal & is absent in ritual texts
God name "Genneas" Syrian A Syrian Sun god likes to ride horses.
God name "Hadad" Syria A god of storms, thunder and lightning, he also worked part-time as a sky and Sun god and a protecter of the harvest. Syria
Goddess name "Hadad" Western Semitic / Syrian / Phoenician weather god. Derived from the Akkadian deity ADAD. In texts found at the site of the ancient Canaanite capital of Ugarit [Ras Samra] , the name of Hadad apparently becomes a substitute for that of BAAL. His voice is described as roaring from the clouds and his weapon is the thunderbolt. His mother is the goddess ASERAH. During Hellenic times he was predominantly worshiped at Ptolemais and Hierapolis. His Syrian consort is ATARGATIS, who overshadowed him in local popularity at Hierapolis. Statues of the two deities were carried in procession to the sea twice yearly. According to the Jewish writer Josephus, Hadad also enjoyed a major cult following at Damascus in the eighth and ninth centuries BC. By the third century BC the Hadad-Atargatis cult had extended to Egypt, when he becomes identified as the god SUTEKH. In the Greek tradition his consort becomes HERA.See also ADAD....
"Hubal" Arabic An Arab idol brought from Bulka, in Syria, by Amir Ibn-Lohei, who asserted that it would procure Rain when wanted. It was the statue of a man in red agate; one hand being lost, a golden one was supplied. He held in his hand seven arrows without wings or feathers, such as the Arabians use in divination. This idol was destroyed in the eighth year of "the flight." Arabic
God name "Il" Canaan Creator god Syria / Canaan / Lebanon
Goddess name "Inana, Istar,Ishtar" Akkadian / Sumerian The most important of all Mesopotamian goddesses, and a multi-faceted personality, occurring in cuneiform texts of all periods. The Sumerian name probably means "Lady of heaven";, and the Akkadian name Ishtar is related to the Syrian Astarte and the biblical Ashtaroth is usually considered as a daughter of Anzu, with her cult located in Uruk, but there are other traditions as to her ancestry, and it is probable that these reflect originally different goddesses that were identified with her. Ishtar is the subiect of a cycle of texts describing her love affair and ultimately fatal relationship with Tammuz.
Goddess name "Is'ara" Mesopotamian / Babylonian - Akkadian / / western Semitic Goddess of marriage and childbirth. Also a deity concerned with the enforcing of oaths. Known chiefly from early inscriptions and some Akkadian texts. Her Mesopotamian cult center was the Babylonian town of Kisurra, but she is also thought to have been worshiped across a wide area among Syrians, Canaanites and Hittites. Her symbol is the scorpion. Also Es ara....
"Isaf" Arabian An Arabian idol in the form of a man, brought from Syria, and placed in Es-Safa, near the temple of Mecca. Some say Isaf was a man converted into stone for impiety, and that Mahomet suffered this one "idol" to remain as a warning to his disciples.
God name "Jw/ Ja'u/ Jawi" Syria This god is so ancient it yhad to be deduced from the study of personal names, nothing is known for certain but it may be identical to the harvest god Ao
Deities name "Karuilers siunes" Syria deities who were taken over by the Hittites in as gods of all oaths Syria
God name "Khadir" Pre - Islamic north African vegetation god. He wanders the earth returning to the same spot once in every 500 years and is said to have gained his immortality by drinking from the well of life. Similar in some respects to the Syrian god ADONIS and revered by Alexander the Great. Normally referred to as Al-Khidr (the green one)....
God name "Kinnar (divine lyre)" Western Semitic Musician god. Mentioned in Ugaritic texts and known from Phoenicia. Probably equating with the Syrian ADONIS. Also Kinnur....
God name "Kinyras" Syria Local god of metalworking (thought to have come from Syria) Cyprus
God name "Kotar" Syria God of blacksmiths Syria
God name "Kotar" Western Semitic / Syrian Blacksmith god. Identified in the Ugaritic (Ras Samra) texts as building a palace for the god BAAL and forging his weapons for the conflict against the sea god YAMM. Known also from Phoenician inscriptions. Also Kos”ar, Chusor, KINYRAS....
God name "Kotar/ Kautar/ Kusor" Syria A god Blacksmiths
Goddess name "Kubaba" Anatolian / northern Syrian Mother goddess. She was worshiped particularly at Carchemish and seems to equate with the Hittite goddess SAUSKA. Attributes include pomegranate and mir ror. Also Gubaba, Kupapa....
Goddess name "Liluri" Syria Goddess of mountainses who accepted a bull for a sacrifice Syria
Goddess name "Liluri" Western Semitic / Syrian mountain goddess. The consort of the weather god Manuzi, her sacred animal is the bull....
God name "MOT (death)" Canaanite / Phoenician / northern Israel, Lebanon / Syrian coastal regions God of natural adversity. ot is the Canaanite representation of adversity in the natural world. He lives in a pit within the earth and is responsible for its annual death from drought and heat: “he has scorched the olive, the produce of the earth and the fruit of the trees.” He engages in the classic confrontation with the Canaanite hero and national god, BAAL. Though the duel results in Baal's demise, his death is avenged by his twin sister ANAT, who slays Mot, then cleaves, winnows, burns and grinds him with a millstone, in what appears to be a ritual allied to the sowing of seed and harvesting (see OSIRIS). Baal is later restored. The conflict probably formed the basis of an annual ritual drama at the Canaanite New Year which was held in the autumn. In the texts Mot is the son of Il and his mother is AS'ERAH (ATHIRAT)....
God name "Mammon" Syriac The god of this world. Mammon was the Syrian god of wealth, similar to Plutus of Greek and Roman mythology. Syriac
Goddess name "Manuzi" Syria Goddess of mountains, part of the pair with the weather god Syria
Goddess name "Manuzi/ Liluri" Syria A mountain goddess, part of the pair with the weather god
God name "Mlk-Amuklos" Syria / Palestine / Cyprus A heroic god known from about 1100 B.C.E.
Goddess name "Nikkal" Western Semitic / Syrian moon goddess. The consort of the moon god Jarih and probably evolved from the Mesopotamian pantheon....
Goddess name "Qadshu" Syria Goddess of fertility and sexuality. Syria
Goddess name "Qetesh" Syria A goddess of nature, whose cult was orgiastic
Goddess name "Quades” (the holy one)" Western Semitic Fertility goddess. probably originating in Syria. She epitomizes female sexuality and eroticism in the mold of ASTARTE. She was adopted by Egypt with the fertility gods MIN and RESEP and became partly associated with the goddess HATHOR. She is usually depicted nude standing on the back of a lion (see also INANA and NINHURSAG A) between Min to whom she offers a lotus blossom, and Res”ep for whom she bears snakes. Her cult followed the typically ancient Near Eastern pattern of a sacred marriage carried out by her votary priestesses and their priests or kings....
God name "Rakib-El" Western Semitic / Syrian moon god. Known chiefly from inscriptions circa eighth century BC....
God name "Resep[A]Mukal" Canaan / Phonecia A war & plague god that originated in Syria
God name "Resepa Mukal" Syria war and plague god who originated in Syria
God name "Resphu" Syria A god of war, worshipped in the Nile Delta
God name "Res”ep (A) Mukal" Western Semitic / Canaanite / Phoenician / , originating in Syria war and plague god. Introduced into Egypt by the XVIII Dynasty during the sixteenth century BC and rapidly achieved some prominence. His wife is Itum and he was also known as Res ep-Amukal and Res epSulman. Res ep is probably modeled on the Mesopotamian NERGAL. He is depicted as a youthful, warlike god, often with a gazelle's head springing from his forehead, and with a spear in his right hand. In Egyptian iconography he is depicted wearing the crown of Upper Egypt surmounted in front by the head of a gazelle. He has links with the Theban war god MONTU and was thought of as a guardian deity in battle by many Egyptian pharaohs; he is said to have shot firebrands with a bow and arrow. He also exerted a benign influence against disease. The influence of Res ep extended to Cyprus during the preHellenic period and at the time of Hellenization he was allied to and perhaps syncretized with APOLLO. Also Ras ap, Res ef....
God name "Rimmon" Syrian Rammon, weather god. Syrian
God name "S ar" Western Semitic / Syrian God of the dawn. Generally linked with the god of evening, S ALIM....
God name "Sadrapa" Western Semitic / Syrian / / Pontic God of healing. He is depicted on reliefs as a youth holding a scorpion or snake. Known originally from Palmyra, his popularity spread to Carthage and, during the Hellenic period, to the Greek coast. Also Satrapis (Greek)....
God name "Salim" Western Semitic / Syrian God of evening. Generally linked with SAR, the god of dawn....
Goddess name "Salm of Mahram" Arabia A goddess from the pantheon of Tayma introduced to North Arabia from North Syria.
God name "Sar" Syria God of the dawn Syria
Goddess name "Semframis and Ninus" Assyrian The mythical founders of the Assyrian empire of Ninus or Nineveh. Semiramis was the daughter of the fish-goddess Derceto of Ascalon in Syria.
Goddess name "Syria Dea" De the Syrian goddess, a name by which the Syrian Astarte or Aphrodite is sometimes designated. This Astarte was a Syrian divinity, resembling in many points the Greek Aphrodite, and it is not improbable that the latter was originally the Syrian Astarte, the opinions concerning whom were modified after her introduction into Greece; for there can be no doubt that the worship of Aphrodite came from the East to Cyprus, and thence was carried into the south of Greece. Lucian, De Syria Dea
Goddess name "Tallai" Syria Goddess of dew who challenged Shiva to a dancing contest. Syria
Deity name "Tammuz or Thammuz" Syrian A Syrian and Phoenician deity corresponding to Adonis.
Deities name "Tariel" Nazorean One of the three Syrian deities of summer. Early Nazorean
"Thammuz" Ezekiel The Syrian and Phoenician name of Adonis. His death happened on the banks of the river Adonis, and in summer-time the waters always become reddened with the hunter's blood. Ezekiel
God name "Ugar" Syria A messenger of Baal and an Agriculture god. Syria
God name "Ugar" Western Semitic / Syrian vegetation god. Possibly linked with the Canaanite city of Ugarit [Ras Samra]....
Deities name "Yamm" Semitic God of the ocean. A Syrian deity who is mentioned briefly in an Egyptian papyrus as an extortioner of tribute from other deities....