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God Name and Meaning

List of Gods   : "Mesopotamia"

NameOriginDescription
Goddess name "A / Aa, Sirdu, Sirrida" Akkadia / Semitic A (also Aa, Sirdu, Sirrida). moon Goddess of Chaldeans. Symbolized by a disk with eight rays, this figure is frequently associated with goddesses of light across many cultures including Babylon, Mesopotamia, Akkadia and Semitic.
God name "A'as" Hittite / Hurrian God of wisdom. Derived from the Mesopotamian model of ENKI / EA. A'as keeps the tablets of fate....
Goddess name "A-a" Mesopotamian / Babylonian - Akkadian / / western Semitic Sun goddess. Consort of the un god SAMAS . Also AYA....
God name "ADAD (wind)" Mesopotamian / Babylonian - Akkadian weather god. His father is the supreme sky god ANU. He is described as a benevolent giver of life in the fields but is also a more violent storm god. His name in Akkadian cuneiform means “wind.” His animal is the bull. In human form he is depicted wearing horned headdress and tiered skirt or robe decorated with astral symbolism. He may carry a scimitar embellished with a single panther head and his symbol is the lightning fork often fixed upon a pair of pincers....
God name "ADONIS (lord)" Lebanon / Syria Fertility and vegetation god. Adonis is modeled on the Mesopotamian dying vegetation god DUMUZI (Hebrew: Tammuz). He appears as a youthful deity. The river Adonis [Nahr Ibrahim] is sacred to him largely because its waters flow red after heavy Winter Rains, having become saturated with ferrous oxide. In Hellenic tradition he is the son of the mythical Cyprian king Cinyras and his mother is MYRRHA. According to Hesiod he is also the son of Phoenix and Alphesiboea. He is the consort of APHRODITE. Tradition has it that he was killed by a boar during a hunting expedition and is condemned to the underworld for six months of each year, during which the earth's vegetation parches and dies under the summer Sun and drought. He was honored in a spring festival when priests in effeminate costume gashed themselves with knives. Frequently depicted nude and sometimes carrying a lyre. Also ATTIS (Phrygian); ATUNIS (Etruscan)....
God name "AN (1) (sky)" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Iraq Supreme creator god. In Sumerian creation mythology An is the supreme being and, with his chthonic female principle, KI, is the founder of the cosmos. Also, in some texts, identified as the son of ANS'AR and KIS'AR. The head of the older generation of gods....
Goddess name "ASTORETH" Philistine , Israel, Lebanon Fertility goddess. Astoreth equates with the Syrian goddess ASTARTE, both being modeled on the Mesopotamian ISTAR. She was adopted, typically, as goddess of both love and war. She is usually depicted wearing a horned headdress....
Goddess name "ATTIS" Phrygia / northwestern Turkey vegetation god. Attis is a “dying and rising” fertility god modeled on the Mesopotamian DUMUZI. He is considered to have originated as a shepherd. In alternative traditions, KYBELE, the “great mother,” is either his mother or purely his consort. Another legend suggests he was conceived immaculately by the demigoddess NANA when she placed a ripe almond in her bosom....
Spirit name "Abgal" Pre - Islamic northern Arabian (1) Desert god. Known from the Palmyrian desert regions as a tutelary god of Bedouins and camel drivers.(2) Minor attendant spirits. Mesopotamian (Sumerian). Associated with ENKI and residing in the Abzu or primeval water....
Deity name "Absu aka Abziu" Mesopotamia Primordial deity of underground water Mesopotamia / Sumeria
God name "Abu" Mesopotamia Minor plant and vegetation god who sprung from head of Enki Mesopotamia
God name "Abu" Mesopotamian / Sumerian Minor vegetation god. Said to have sprung from the head of the god ENKI, thus symbolizing plants emerging from the earth's soil....
Deity name "Abziu" Sumeria / Mesopotamia The primordial deity of underground water
Deity name "Abzu" Mesopotamian / Sumerian Primordial deity of underground waters. His center of cult is at Eridu (southern Mesopotamia), and he was replaced in Akkadian times by APSU....
God name "Adad" Mesopotamia / Babylonn Son of Anu and the god of wind, storm, flood and Rain. Giver of life in the fields. Mesopotamia / Babylonn
Deities name "Alad Udug Lama" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian Collective name of guardian deities. Vague spirits who accompany major deities and dispense good fortune....
Goddess name "Allatu(m)" Western Semitic Chthonic underworld goddess. Modeled on the Mesopotamian goddess ERESKIGAL and possibly also equating with ARSAY in Canaanite mythology. Recognized by the Carthaginians as Allatu....
Goddess name "Ama-arhus" Mesopotamian / BabylonianAkkadian Fertility goddess. Mentioned in texts as being among the pantheon at Uruk in Hellenistic times but also found as an earlier manifestation of the god GULA. Also Arad-Ama-arhus, Amat-Ama-arhus....
Goddess name "Amasagnul" Mesopotamian / BabylonianAkkadian Fertility goddess. Mentioned in prebend documents from the Hellenistic period at Uruk and thought to be the consort of the god PAPSUKKAL....
Goddess name "Anat in Mesopotamia" Akkadian In Akkadian the form one would expect ‘Anat to take would be Antu earlier Antum. This would also be the normal femanine form that would be taken by Anu, the Akkadian form of An 'Sky', the Sumerian god of heaven. Antu appears in Akkadian texts mostly as a rather colorless consort of Anu, the mother of Ishtar in the Gilgamesh story, but is also identified with the northwest Semitic goddess ‘Anat of essentially the same name. It is unknown whether this is an equation of two originally separate goddesses whose names happened to fall together or whether ‘Anat's cult spread to Mesopotamia where she came to be worshippped as Anu's spouse because the Mesopotamia form of her name suggested she was a counterpart to Anu.
Goddess name "Anatu" Mesopotamia Goddess of the sky and ruler of the earth. Consort of the sky god Anu. Mesopotamia
God name "Anm (1)" Mesopotamian / BabylonianAkkadian Creator god. Consort of ANTU(m). Derived from the older Sumerian god AN. Anu features strongly in the akitu festival in Babylon, Uruk and other cities until the Hellenic period and possibly as late as 200 BC. Some of his later pre-eminence may be attributable to identification with the Greek god of heaven, ZEUS, and with OURANOS....
Deity name "Ans ar" Mesopotamian / BabylonianAkkadian Primordial deity. Mentioned in the Babylonian creation epic Enuma Elis' as one of a pair of offspring (with KIS'AR) of LAHMU and LAHAMU, and who in turn created ANU. Ans'ar is linked with heaven while Kis'ar is identified with earth....
Goddess name "Anunitu" Mesopotamian / BabylonianAkkadian Mother goddess. See also ANTU....
Goddess name "Anunnaki" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian Children and courtiers of the god of heaven. Known from at least 2500 BC until circa 200BC (in Babylon). The Anunnaki originate as chthonic fertility deities but later feature as the seven fearsome judges of the underworld who answer to Kur and ERES KIGAL and who are responsible for passing sentences of death including that placed on the goddess INANA. They are often closely identified with the IGIGI....
God name "Apsu" Mesopotamian / Babylonian - Akkadian God of underground primeval waters. Derived from the Sumerian ABZU. In the Babylonian creation epic Enuma Elis Apsu is killed, while sleeping, by ENKI, who establishes his own abode above the deeps. Apsu's death triggered the cosmic challenge between the forces of MARDUK and TIAMAT....
Goddess name "Aruru" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian Mother goddess. See also NINHURSAG A....
God name "Asalluha" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian Minor god. A son of ENKI who apparently acts as a messenger and reporter to his father. Linked with rituals of exorcism. Cult center Ku'ara. In Babylonian times he became largely syncretized with MARDTK....
Goddess name "Asnan" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian vegetation goddess. Minor deity probably known to the Sumerians from circa 3500BC or earlier. She is concerned with the abundance of grain in the fields, sent as its protectress by the gods ENLIL and ENKI. According to creation accounts, she and the cattle god LAHAR were first intended to serve the needs of the Annunaki, the celestial children of AN, but when the heavenly creatures were found unable to make use of their products, humankind was created to provide an outlet for their services. Attributes: ears of corn sprouting from her shoulders....
God name "Assur" Mesopotamian / Babylonian - Akkadian Tutelary god. The national deity of Assyria. In the Assyrian copies of the creation epic Enuma Elis he replaces MARDUK as the hero....
Goddess name "Astlik" Pre - Christian Armenian Astral goddess. Derived from the Mesopotamian model of ISTAR. Survived in Christian times as the mother of fairies....
Goddess name "Aya" Mesopotamia Goddess of dawn and war Mesopotamia
Goddess name "Aya" Mesopotamian / Babylonian Akkadian Mother goddess. Derived from the Sumerian model of S ERIDA. Consort of the Sun god S AMAS whose marriage was celebrated at New Year in Babylon....
Goddess name "Baba" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian Fertility goddess. Locally worshiped in Lagas, where Gudea built her a temple. Also Bau....
Goddess name "Baltis" Pre - Islamic / Arabian Local goddess. Known from Carrhae in western Mesopotamia and identified as the apotheosis of the planet Venus....
God name "Bel" ” Mesopotamian / Babylonian - Akkadian Generic title meaning “lord. The Babylonian god MARDUK was often addressed as Bel, and the name occurs in the Vetus Testamentum. The New Year festival of akitu in Babylon included a ceremony of “leading Bel by the hand.” The name also appears at Palmyra as the tutelary creator god whose attributes include lightning and an eagle....
Goddess name "Belet-Ili (lady of tbe gods)" Mesopotamian / BabylonianAkkadian Mother goddess. Known in Babylon and probably modeled on NINHURSAG A....
Goddess name "Belet-Seri" Mesopotamian / Babylonian - Akkadian Chthonic underworld goddess. The recorder of the dead entering the otherworld. Known as the “Scribe of the earth.”...
Goddess name "Belili" Mesopotamia Goddess of the moon Mesopotamia
Goddess name "Belili" Mesopotamian / Babylonian - Akkadian Goddess. See GES TIN-ANA....
Goddess name "Beltiya (my lady)" Mesopotamian / Babylonian - Akkadian Generic title of goddess. ZARPANITUM (SARPANITUM), the consort of the Babylonian god MARDUK, is often addressed as Beltiya....
God name "Birdu" Mesopotamian / Babylonian - Akkadian Minor chthonic underworld god. Consort of MANUNGAL and syncretized with NERGAL....
God name "Cherub" Mesopotamia These are the guardians of important places & they intercede both with the gods / & for the gods
God name "Dagan (1)" Mesopotamian / Babylonian - Akkadian Grain and fertility god. Generally linked with ANU in giving status to cities e.g. the dedications by the ninth-century BC Assyrian king Assur-nasir-apli at Kalakh. Cult centers existed at Tuttul and Terqa....
Supreme god name "Dagan (2)" Western Semitic / Canaanite / Phoenician Grain and fertility god. The father of BAAL in Ugaritic creation epics. A major sanctuary was built in his honor at Mari [Syria] and he was recognized in parts of Mesopotamia where he acquired the consort Salas. Worshiped mainly at Gaza and As”dod, but also the supreme god of the Philistines. Known in biblical references as Dagon (Judges 16.23). Mentioned in the apocryphal Book of Maccabees. The cult is thought to have continued until circa 150 BC. Israelite misinterpretation of the Ugaritic root Dagan led to the assumption that he was a fish god, therefore attributes include a fish tail....
God name "Dagon" Semitic / Mesopotamia A god of grain and Agriculture. Semitic / Mesopotamia
Goddess name "Damaannrna" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian Mother goddess. She first appears as a consort of ENLIL and, as Mesopotamian traditions progress, becomes associated with EA and the mother of the Babylonian god MARDUK. Also DAMKINA (Akkadian)....
Goddess name "Damkina" Mesopotamian / Babylonian - Akkadian Goddess. Consort of Ea.See also DAMGALNUNA....
God name "Ea" Babylon / Mesopotamia As a member of the supreme trinity he was god of the waters, giver of arts and sciences and the healer of the sick. Babylon / Mesopotamia
God name "Ea/ Enki" Babylon / Mesopotamia The god of wisdom, spells, incantations, & the seas
God name "Eikimdu" Mesopotamian / Sumerian God of canals and ditches. In creation mythology he is given his task by the god ENKI. See also ENBILULU....
God name "Eimesarra" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian Chthonic god of the law. According to texts he controls the me's or Divine rules....
God name "Ellil" Mesopotamian / BabylonianAkkadian Creator god. See also ENLIL....
God name "Emes”" Mesopotamian / Sumerian vegetation god. Emes was created at the wish of ENLIL to take responsibility on earth for woods, fields, sheep folds and stables. He is identified with the abundance of the earth and with summer. An unidentified deity who is depicted iconographically with a plough may well be Emes....
God name "Enbilulu" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian River god. In creation mythology he is placed in charge of the sacred rivers Tigris and Euphrates by the god ENKI. He is also god of canals, irrigation and farming. In Babylonian times he becomes the son of EA and is syncretized with ADAD....
God name "Endursaga" Mesopotamia Herald god Mesopotamia / Sumeria
God name "Endursaga (lofty mace)" Mesopotamian / Sumerian Herald god. He leads the Sumerian pantheon particularly in times of conflict. Also IS UM (Akkadian)....
God name "Enki aka Ea" Mesopotamia / Sumeria A deity later known as Ea in Babylonian mythology, originally chief God of the city of Eridu. Mesopotamia / Sumeria
God name "Enki/ Ea" Sumeria / Mesopotamia A creator god, water, cunning & fertility
God name "Enmesarra" Mesopotamia / Sumeria / Babylon / Akkadia The god of law
God name "Ennugi" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / BabylonianAkkadian God. The attendant and throne-bearer of ENLIL (ELLIL)....
God name "Enten" Mesopotamia Fertility god who doubled as Guardian deity of farmers Mesopotamia / Sumeria
God name "Enten" Mesopotamian / Sumerian Fertility god. Created by ENLIL as a guardian deity of farmers alongside the minor god EMES , Enten was given specific responsibility for the fertility of ewes, goats, cows, donkeys, birds and other animals. He is identified with the abundance of the earth and with the Winter period....
God name "Enzu" Akkadia God who was named appears to be a corrupted form of Suen Babylon / Mesopotamia / Akkadia
God name "Enzu" Mesopotamian / Babylonian - Akkadian God. The name is a corruption, apparently a misreading of Suen, the archaic form of SIN....
God name "Erra" Mesopotamian / Babylonian Akkadian God of war. Known chiefly from the Erra Epic, circa 1000 BC, he is also the god of raids, riots and scorched earth. Closely identified with the god NERGAL, his cult center is Emeslam in the city of Kutha (lost). In Babylonian times he is identified as a plague god....
God name "Galla" Akkadia Minor underworld gods Babylon / Mesopotamia / Akkadia / Sumeria
Goddess name "Galla" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian Minor underworld gods. Attendants of the goddess ERES KIGAL. Also Gallu....
Goddess name "Gangir" Mesopotamia Goddess Mesopotamia / Sumeria
Goddess name "Gangir" Mesopotamian / Sumerian Goddess. One of the seven daughters of the goddess Baba, known chiefly at Lagas'. Also, and more properly, Hegir-Nuna....
Goddess name "Gangir/ Hegir-Nuna" Mesopotamia / Sumeria A goddess
Goddess name "Gat Um Dug" Babylon / Mesopotamia / Akkadia / Sumeria Ancient earth Mother and goddess of fertility of the Lagash. Babylon / Mesopotamia / Akkadia / Sumeria
Goddess name "Gatumdug" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian Fertility goddess. The daughter of the sky god AN, she is the tutelary mother goddess of Lagas'....
Goddess name "Gatumdug/ Gula" Mesopotamia / Sumeria / Babylon / Akkadia A fertility goddess as well as the tutelary goddess of Lagas
God name "Gerra" Mesopotamia / Babylon / Akkadia The god of fire who was the Sumeria god Gibil
God name "Gerra" Mesopotamian / BabylonianAkkadian God of fire. Derived from the Sumerian GIBIL, he is the son of ANU and ANUNITU and becomes largely syncretized with both ERRA and NERGAL....
God name "Gerra aka Gibil" Mesopotamia / Sumeria God of fire. He lived in the 'House of Awful Radiance,' and taught people to cook food. Mesopotamia / Sumeria
Goddess name "Geshtin-Ana" Mesopotamia / Sumeria Minor goddess who takes Dumuzi's place in the Netherworld for six months every year. Mesopotamia / Sumeria
Goddess name "Gestin-Ana/ Gestianna?" Mesopotamia / Sumeria A minor goddess
God name "Gestu" Babylon / Mesopotamia / Akkadia / Sumeria Minor god of the intellect whose blood was used in the creation of mankind. Babylon / Mesopotamia / Akkadia / Sumeria
Goddess name "Ges”tin-Ana" Mesopotamian / Sumerian Chthonic goddess. The sister of DUMUZI and consort of Ningisida. The so-called “heavenly grape-vine,” this minor goddess is involved in the account of Dumuzi trying to escape from his fate at the hands of INANA and ERESKIGAL. In her house he is changed into a gazelle before being caught and finally transported to the underworld....
God name "Ges”tu" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian Minor god of intellect. According to legend he was sacrificed by the great gods and his blood was used in the creation of mankind....
God name "Gibil" Mesopotamian / Sumerian Fire god. The son of AN and KI. By the Akkadian period he becomes known as GERRA....
God name "Gibil aka Gerra" Mesopotamia / Sumeria Girra, God of fire. He lived in the 'House of Awful Radiance,' and taught people to cook food. Mesopotamia / Sumeria
God name "Gibil/ Girra/ Girru" Mesopotamia / Sumeria A Fire God
"Giszida" Mesopotamia Lord of the Tree of Truth, Mesopotamia
God name "Giszida" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / BabylonianAkkadian God. See Nin-giszida. See also NINGISZIDA....
"Gugulanna" Mesopotamia / Sumeria Great Bull of heaven. Husband of Ereshkigal, queen of the Netherworld. Mesopotamia / Sumeria
Goddess name "Gugulanna" Mesopotamian / Sumerian Minor underworld deity. The consort of the goddess ERESiKIGAL, mentioned as the pretext on which the fertility goddess INANA descends to the netherworld....
Goddess name "Gula (great one)" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian Goddess of healing. Consort of NINURTA. Her animal is the dog. She may be synonymous with NIN'INSINA. Also mentioned in Hellenistic Babylonian times. A Gula temple is described at Uruk. Also NINTINUGGA....
Goddess name "Gunura" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian deity of uncertain status. Described variously as the husband of the goddess NIN'INSINA and the father of Damu (DUMUZI), but also as the sister of Damu....
God name "Gusilim" Mesopotamia God who lives in the city of Dur. Mesopotamia
God name "Gusilim (loud voice)" Mesopotamian / Sumerian God. See also ISTARAN....
God name "Hahanu" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian God of uncertain function. Known from passing reference in texts and from inscriptions....
God name "Hani(s)" Mesopotamian / Babylonian - Akkadian Minor god. The attendant of ADAD and linked with SULLAT....
God name "Hani[s]" Mesopotamia / Babylon / Akkadia A minor god
God name "Hayasum" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian Minor god. Known from texts, but of uncertain function....
Goddess name "Hea" Mesopotamia Goddess of wisdom Mesopotamia / Ugarit
God name "Hendursaga" Akkadia God of law Babylon / Mesopotamia / Akkadia / Sumeria
God name "Hendursaga" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian God of the law. He was titled by Gudea of Lagas ”herald of the land of Sumer.”...
Deity name "Humban" Mesopotamia Supreme deity Mesopotamia
Goddess name "Hur ki" Babylon / Mesopotamia Not the Goddess of the moon, just a very naughty girl. Babylon / Mesopotamia
God name "IS KUR" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Iraq storm god. The chief Rain and thunder god of herdsmen, Is”kur is described as the brother of the Sun god UTU. In creation mythology Is”kur is given charge over the winds, the so-called “silver lock of the heart of heaven,” by the god ENKI. According to some authors, in prehistoric times he was perceived as a bull or as a lion whose roar is the thunder. He may be depicted as a warrior riding across the skies in a chariot, dispensing Raindrops and hailstones. In one text he is identified as the son of AN and twin brother of Enki. He is to be compared with NINURTA who was primarily a god of farmers. He was also adopted by the Hittites as a storm god....
God name "Igigi" Mesopotamia Collective name for the group of younger sky gods. They were the gods of heaven, in contrast to the Anunnaki, who were the gods of the earth. Mesopotamia
God name "Igigi" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian Collective name of a class of gods. The group of younger sky gods in the pantheon headed by ENLIL (ELLIL). They are often described in the texts in conjunction with the ANUNNAKI....
God name "Ilabrat" Mesopotamia / Babylon / Akkadia A minor god, heavy into politics
God name "Ilabrat" Mesopotamian / Babylonian - Akkadian Minor god. The attendant and minister of state of the chief sky god ANU....
God name "Im" Mesopotamia storm god Mesopotamia
Goddess name "Inana" Mesopotamian / Sumeria A goddess of fertility, of love & war
Goddess name "Inana, Istar,Ishtar" Akkadian / Sumerian The most important of all Mesopotamian goddesses, and a multi-faceted personality, occurring in cuneiform texts of all periods. The Sumerian name probably means "Lady of heaven";, and the Akkadian name Ishtar is related to the Syrian Astarte and the biblical Ashtaroth is usually considered as a daughter of Anzu, with her cult located in Uruk, but there are other traditions as to her ancestry, and it is probable that these reflect originally different goddesses that were identified with her. Ishtar is the subiect of a cycle of texts describing her love affair and ultimately fatal relationship with Tammuz.
Goddess name "Inanna" Mesopotamia Inana, the original "Holy Virgin," as the Sumerians called her, is the first known divinity associated with the planet Venus. This Sumerian goddess became identified with the Semitic goddesses Ishtar and later Astarte, Egyptian Isis, Greek Aphrodite, Etruscan Turan and the Roman Venus. Mesopotamia
Goddess name "Is'ara" Mesopotamian / Babylonian - Akkadian / / western Semitic Goddess of marriage and childbirth. Also a deity concerned with the enforcing of oaths. Known chiefly from early inscriptions and some Akkadian texts. Her Mesopotamian cult center was the Babylonian town of Kisurra, but she is also thought to have been worshiped across a wide area among Syrians, Canaanites and Hittites. Her symbol is the scorpion. Also Es ara....
God name "Ishkur" Mesopotamia God of the storm and Rain. Mesopotamia
God name "Isimud" Mesopotamian / Sumerian Messenger god. Readily identified by possessing two faces looking in opposite directions, Isimud is the messenger of the god ENKI. Also Isinu; Usumu (Akkadian)....
God name "Isinu" Mesopotamian A two-faced god who carried messages for Enki. Mesopotamian
God name "Iskur" Mesopotamia Chief Rain and thunder god Mesopotamia / Sumeria / Iraq
God name "Ismud" Mesopotamia Dual-faced messenger god. Mesopotamia
Goddess name "Istar" Akkadia Goddess of fertility and war known as the star of heaven Babylon / Mesopotamia / Akkadia
Goddess name "Istar/ Estar" Mesopotamia / Babylon / Akkadia A goddess of fertility & war known as the star of heaven
God name "Istaran" Mesopotamia Tutelary god of the city of Der Mesopotamia / Sumeria
God name "Isum" Akkadia Minor god, possibly a god of fire Babylon / Mesopotamia / Akkadia
God name "Is”taran" Mesopotamian / Sumerian Local god. The tutelary god of the city of Der, east of the river Tigris in northern Babylonia. Also GUSILIM....
God name "Is”um" Mesopotamian / BabylonianAkkadian Minor god. The brother of SAMAS', the Sun god, and an attendant of the plague god ERRA. He may have been a god of fire and, according to texts, led the gods in war as a herald but was nonetheless generally regarded as benevolent. Known particularly from the Babylonian legend of Erra and Is“um. Also ENDURSAGA....
God name "Kabta" Mesopotamia God of bricks Mesopotamia / Sumeria
God name "Kabta" Mesopotamian / Sumerian God of artisans. In creation mythology he is given charge over brickmolds and pickaxes....
God name "Kaka" Akkadia Minor god with political pull Babylon / Mesopotamia / Akkadia
God name "Kakka" Mesopotamian / BabylonianAkkadian Minor god. He was the attendant and minister of state to both ANU and ANS AR, and is known particularly from the text of Nergal and Ere skigal....
"Ki" Mesopotamia Chthonic principal, feminine in nature Mesopotamia / Sumeria
God name "Ki (the great one)" Mesopotamian / Sumerian Archetypal chthonic principle. According to some traditions, Ki is the daughter of ANS'AR and KIS'AR and consort of AN. As the cosmos came into being, An took the role of god of heaven and Ki became the personification of the earth and underworld. She is the mother of the god of the air, ENLIL, with whom she descended from the heavens. Some authorities argue that she was never regarded as a deity. There is no evidence of a cult and the name appears in a limited number of Sumerian creation texts. The name URAS (tilth) may relate.See also ANTU(M)....
"Ki/ Kiki" Mesopotamia / Sumeria A chthonic principal, feminine in nature
God name "Kisar" Akkadia Primordial god / dess Babylon / Mesopotamia / Akkadia / Sumeria
God name "Kis”ar" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian Primordial god(dess). The consort or equal of ANS'AR and mother or creator of AN and KI in the creation cosmos....
Goddess name "Kubaba" Hurrian gave bread to the fisherman and gave water, she made him offer the fish to Esagila Shrines in her honour spread throughout Mesopotamia. In the Hurrian area she may be identified with Kebat, or Hepat, one title of the Hurrian Mother Goddess Hannahannah
God name "Kulla" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian God of builders. The god responsible for the creation of bricks....
God name "Kus" Akkadia God of herdsmen Babylon / Mesopotamia / Akkadia / Sumeria
God name "Kus" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian God of herdsmen. Identified in the Theogony of Dunnu....
Deity name "Lahamu" Mesopotamian / BabylonianAkkadian Primordial deity. Known from the Babylonian creation epic Enuma Elis as one of a pair who were created by TIAMAT from the primeval ocean and who, it is suggested, were represented by the silt of the sea-bed. Lahamu and LAHMU in turn created ANS'AR and KIS'AR, who created ANU....
Goddess name "Lahar" Mesopotamian / Sumerian God of cattle. According to legend, he was sent to earth by the gods ENLIL and ENKI, to work in conjunction with the grain goddess AS'NAN. In iconography he usually has ears of corn sprouting from his shoulders. He may also carry a bow and club and is often depicted with a ram at his feet....
Deity name "Lahmu" Mesopotamian / BabylonianAkkadian Primordial deity. Known from the Babylonian creation epic Enuma Elis as one of a pair who were created by TIAMAT from the primeval ocean and who, it is suggested, were represented by the silt of the sea-bed. Lahmu and LAHAMU in turn created ANS'AR and KIS'AR, who created ANU....
Goddess name "Lilith" Mesopotamian / Sumerian Goddess of desolation. She is perceived as a demonic figure who, in the epic legend of Gilgames“ and the Huluppu Tree takes up residence in INANA'S holy tree growing on the banks of the Euphrates in Unug. When the hero Gilgames” attacks Lilith she escapes into the desert wastes....
God name "Lugal-Irra" Akkadia Chthonic underworld god Babylon / Mesopotamia / Akkadia / Sumeria
God name "Lugal-Irra" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian Chthonic underworld god. Probably a minor variation of ERRA, the Babylonian plague god. The prefix Lugal means ”lord.” Often coupled with MES LAM TAEA, god of war....
God name "Lulal" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian God of uncertain status. Mentioned as living in BadtIbira in the Sumerian text Descent of Inana. Also linked with a god Latarak....
Goddess name "Mami" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian Mother goddess. Identified in the Atrahasis texts and other creation legends and probably synonymous with NINHURSAG A. She was involved in the creation of mankind from clay and blood. The name almost certainly came into use because it is the first word that a child formulates. Also Mama; Mammitum....
Goddess name "Mamitu" Akkadia Goddess of treaties and oaths, as well as a judge in the underworld Babylon / Mesopotamia / Akkadia
Goddess name "Mamitu" Mesopotamian / Babylonian - Akkadian Goddess of oaths and treaties. One of the consorts of NERGAL and subsequently identified as a chthonic underworld deity. Also Mammetu....
God name "Mandanu" Mesopotamian / Babylonian - Akkadian God of Divine judgment. Known from the neo-Babylonian period....
God name "Manmngal" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian Chthonic underworld god. A minor deity, the consort of birdU....
God name "Manungal" Akkadia Chthonic underworld god Babylon / Mesopotamia / Akkadia / Sumeria
God name "Marduk" Babylon God of fertility , the lord of all the gods Babylon / Mesopotamia
God name "Martu" Mesopotamian / Sumerian Tutelary god. The patron god of the city of Ninab mentioned in the texts but never re-discovered. Probably not a true Sumerian deity but adopted from an unknown western Semitic culture. He is sometimes identified as a storm god....
God name "Me Na/ Ninmenta" Mesopotamia / Sumeria Unknown god
God name "Mes Ai Du" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / BabylonianAkkadian God. Probably an alternative title for the Sun god (see S AMAS )....
God name "Mes An Du" Akkadia God Babylon / Mesopotamia / Akkadia / Sumeria
God name "Mes Lam Taea" Akkadia God of war but thought to be an aggressive aspect of the chthonic underworld god Nergal Babylon / Mesopotamia / Akkadia / Sumeria
God name "Mes Lam Taea" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian God of war. An aggressive aspect of the chthonic underworld god NERGAL. Often linked with the god LUGAL-IRRA....
"Muati" Mesopotamia / Sumeria Maat is merely the moral expression of Muat in the social world. An individual of this expression is known as a Muati i.e. "One who affirms Reality". The collective body of all Muati individuals have the anthropomorphic reference of Haru, the establisher of Maat. Mesopotamia / Sumeria
God name "Muati" Mesopotamian / Sumerian Obscure local god. Associated in some texts with the mythical island Paradise of Dilmun, he becomes syncretized with NABU....
Goddess name "Mulliltu" Mesopotamian / Babylonian - Akkadian Goddess. The consort of ELLIL (ENLIL) and of ASSUR. She derives from the Sumerian goddess NINLIL....
God name "Musdamma" Mesopotamian / Sumerian God of buildings. Described as the “great builder of ENLIL,” Mus damma is a minor deity appointed by the god ENKI to take responsibility for building projects and for houses....
"Mushdama" Mesopotamia When Enki organized the cosmos for Enlil he appointed Mushdama as the Divine architect. Mesopotamia
Goddess name "N ssaba" Mesopotamian / Sumerian Goddess of writing and wisdom. A daughter of AN and probably orig inally a vegetation deity. Her symbol is the inscribing stylus. She is a patron deity of Unug [Warka]....
Goddess name "NAMMU" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian / Iraq Chthonic creator and birth goddess. Nammu is identified in various texts as the goddess of the watery deeps. As a consort of AN she is the mother of ENKI and the power of the riverbed to produce water. Alternatively Nammu is the progenitrix of An and KI, the archetypal deities of heaven and earth. She also engendered other early gods and in one poem is the mother of all mortal life. She molded clay collected by creatures called sig-en-sig-du and brought it to life, thus creating mankind. She is attended by seven minor goddesses and may ultimately have become syncretized with NINHURSAG A....
Goddess name "NINURTA (lord plough)" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian / Iraq God of thunderstorms and the plough. Ninurta is the Sumerian god of farmers and is identified with the plough. He is also the god of thunder and the hero of the Sumerian pantheon, closely linked with the confrontation battles between forces of good and evil that characterize much of Mesopotamian literature. He is one of several challengers of the malignant dragon or serpent Kur said to inhabit the empty space between the earth's crust and the primeval sea beneath. Ninurta is the son of Enlil and Ninhursaga a, alternatively Ninlil, and is the consort of Gula, goddess of healing. He is attributed with the creation of the mountains which he is said to have built from giant stones with which he had fought against the demon Asag. He wears the horned helmet and tiered skirt and carries a weapon Sarur which becomes personified in the texts, having its own intelligence and being the chief adversary, in the hands of Ninurta, of Kur. He carries the double-edged scimitar-mace embellished with lions' heads and, according to some authors, is depicted in nonhuman form as the thunderbird lmdugud (sling stone), which bears the head of a lion and may represent the hailstones of the god. His sanctuary is the E-padun-tila. Ninurta is perceived as a youthful warrior and probably equates with the Babylonian heroic god Marduk. His cult involved a journey to Eridu from both Nippur and Girsu. He may be compared with Is”kur, who was worshiped primarily by herdsmen as a storm god....
God name "Nabu" Mesopotamia God of wisdom and writing, worshipped by Babylonians as the son of Marduk and his consort, Sarpanitum, and as the grandson of Ea. Nabu's consort was Tashmetum. Mesopotamia
God name "Nabu" Mesopotamian / Babylonian - Akkadian God of writing and wisdom. The son of MARDUX and ZARPANITU(M), his consort is TASMETU(M). He is symbolized by the inscribing stylus. A major deity in neo-Babylonian times from the eighth century BC onward, with an important sanctuary at Borsippa, near Babylon, known as the Ezida. He is considered a god of mountain regions, described as the “firstborn son of Marduk” and his image is closely involved in the New Year akitu festival. Also NEBO (Vetus Testamentum)....
Goddess name "Namtar (fate)" Mesopotamian / Sumerian Messenger god(dess). A go-between and either minister or maid-servant of the underworld goddess ERES KIGAL, who brings death to mankind at the appropriate time....
Demon name "Namtaru" Mesopotamia A hellish deity, god of death, and the messenger of An, Ereshkigal, and Nergal, considered responsible for diseases and pests. It was said that he commanded sixty diseases in the form of demons that could penetrate different parts of the human body. Mesopotamia
Goddess name "Nanaja" Akkadia war and goddess of fertility Babylon / Mesopotamia / Akkadia
Goddess name "Nanaja" Mesopotamian / BabylonianAkkadian Fertility goddess. She is also a war goddess who became syncretized with the Babylonian TAS METU....
God name "Nanna/ As-im-babbar" Mesopotamia / Sumeria / Iraq A moon god
Goddess name "Nans”e" Mesopotamian / Sumerian Goddess of justice. A daughter of ENKI (or EA), she is linked with the interpretation of dreams. Mentioned sporadically in texts and most closely identified with the city of Lagas with a cult center at Sirara, but also the subject of a highly ethical hymn from Nippur. Also Nas, Nina....
Goddess name "Negun" Mesopotamia Goddess who was evidently born to be a mother of heroes. Mesopotamia
Goddess name "Negun" Mesopotamian / Sumerian Minor goddess. Known from limited references and of uncertain function. Possibly associated with the goddess SIRARA. Her brother is As”ai and they are linked with the cities of Adab and Kes”. Also Lisin....
God name "Nergal" Mesopotamia God of plague, and a chthonic underworld god Mesopotamia
Goddess name "Neti" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian Chthonic underworld god. Chief gatekeeper of the netherworld. The servant of the goddess ERES KIGAL. Neti features prominently in the epic legend of Inana‘s Descent into the underworld when he opens the seven gates of the realm and admits the goddess, removing one emblem of her power at the threshold of each gate....
Goddess name "Nikkal" Western Semitic / Syrian moon goddess. The consort of the moon god Jarih and probably evolved from the Mesopotamian pantheon....
Goddess name "Nin Mar Ki" Mesopotamian / Sumerian Goddess. See NINMAH....
Goddess name "Nin Mar Ki/ Ninmah" Mesopotamia / Sumeria A goddess goddess
Goddess name "Nin Me En" Mesopotamian / Sumerian Goddess. Probably equating to NINMENA....
God name "Nin Ur" Mesopotamian / Sumerian God. Probably synonymous with NINURTA....
God name "Nin Ur/ Ninur" Mesopotamia / Sumeria A god
Goddess name "Nin'insinna" Mesopotamia / Sumeria / Babylon / Akkadian A fertility goddess
God name "Nin-Ildu" Akkadia God of carpenters who is a minor tutelary deity Babylon / Mesopotamia / Akkadia
God name "Nin-Ildu" Mesopotamian / BabylonianAkkadian God of carpenters. Minor tutelary deity....
Goddess name "Nin-Imma" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian Fertility goddess. Deification of the female sex organs, fathered by Enki with Ninkurra....
Goddess name "Nin-s ar (lady plant)" Mesopotamian / Sumerian Minor mother goddess. Nin-s.ar is linked briefly as consort to either Enlil (her father) or Enki by whom, after nine days of gestation, she gave birth to the goddess Ninkurra who, in turn, became the mother of the goddess Uttu....
God name "Ninazu" Mesopotamian / Sumerian Chthonic god. Less frequently encountered in the texts than NERGAL. Son of ENLIL and NINLIL or, in alternative traditions, of ERES KIGAL and the father of Ning-is-zida. The patron deity of Es nunna until superseded by TISPAK. His sanctuaries are the E-sikil and E-kurma. Also identified as a god of healing, he is (unlike Nergal) generally benevolent....
Goddess name "Nindara" Mesopotamian / Sumerian God. The consort of the goddess NANS E....
God name "Nindub" Mesopotamian / Sumerian God. Locally known and identified with the city state of Lagas ....
Goddess name "Ninegal" Mesopotamia `Mistress OF the Palace'. This goddess originated in Sumer but was only worshipped in Ancient Mesopotamia
God name "Ninegal (strong-armed lord)" Mesopotamian / Babylonian Akkadian God of smiths. A minor patron deity....
Goddess name "Ningal (great queen)" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian Reed goddess. Ningal is the daughter of ENKI and NINGIKUGA and the consort of the moon god NANNA by whom she bore UTU...
Goddess name "Ningikuga (lady of the pure reed)" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian Goddess of reeds and marshes. One of the consorts of ENKI and the daughter of AN and NAMMU....
Deity name "Ningilin" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian Obscure deity. His symbol is probably the mongoose. Also Ninkilim....
God name "Ningilin/ Ninkilum" Mesopotamia / Sumeria / Babylon / Akkadia A rather obscure god
God name "Ningirama" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian God of magic. A minor deity invoked particularly as a protection against snakes....
God name "Ningirsu" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian Tutelary god. His mother is NINHURSAGa A. Known from the city of Lagas (Girsu) where Gudea built a major temple in his honor, the Eninnu. His symbol is a lion-headed eagle and his weapon the mace S, arur. Texts describe Ningirsu making a journey to Eridu to notify the god ENKI of Gudea's achievement....
God name "Ningis Zi Da" Mesopotamia / Sumeria / Babylon / Akkadian The god of light coming from harassing & tutelary god ofGudea[Lagas]
God name "Ningishzida" Sumerian An underworld Mesopotamian deity, the patron of Medicine, and also a God of nature. His name in Sumerian means "lord of the good tree". Sumerian