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God Name and Meaning

List of Gods   : "Origin"

NameOriginDescription
Supreme god name "AME-NO-MINAKA-NUSHI-NOKAMI" Shinto / Japan Supreme god. he highest deity of the Shinto pantheon and the first to emerge in Takama-No-Hara (the plain of high heaven) when heaven and earth were fashioned. He was born alone, resides in the ninth heaven and has always hidden himself from mortal eyes. A remote and vague figure of whom no images are ever made and toward whom no cult is directed. His name only appears once in the Kojiki and never in the Nihongi. Originally his identity may have been strongly influenced by Chinese religion. His name is linked closely with those of two other lesser primordial beings, TAKA-MI-MISUBI-NO-KAMI and KAMI-MISUBI-NO-KAMI....
Goddess name "ATTIS" Phrygia / northwestern Turkey vegetation god. Attis is a “dying and rising” fertility god modeled on the Mesopotamian DUMUZI. He is considered to have originated as a shepherd. In alternative traditions, KYBELE, the “great mother,” is either his mother or purely his consort. Another legend suggests he was conceived immaculately by the demigoddess NANA when she placed a ripe almond in her bosom....
Deities name "Adibuddha (the primeval buddha)" Buddhist The original BUDDHA. The primordial force in the cosmos from whom the five DHYANIBUDDHAS arose. The embodiment of the concept of emptiness. He is considered by some authorities to be identical with Vaharaja and Vajrasattva. His image, sitting on a lotus leaf, is often carried by other Buddhist deities. Epithets include Svabhava (self-creating), Svayambhu (self-enlightened)....
"Aegis" Greek In Homer, is the shield or buckler of Zeus, fashioned for him by Hephaestus, furnished with tassels and bearing the Gorgon's head in the centre. Originally symbolic of the storm-cloud, it is probably derived from aisso, signifying rapid, violent motion.
King name "Aepytus" Greek One of the mythical kings of Arcadia. He was the son of Eilatus and originally ruled over Phaesana on the Alpheius in Arcadia. When Cleitor, the son of Azan, died without leaving any issue, Aepytus succeeded him and became king of the Arcadians, a part of whose country was called after him Aepytis.
Goddess name "Aericura aka Erecura" Roman / Celtic Herecura, Eracura, was a goddess worshipped in ancient times, often thought to be Celtic in origin, mostly represented with the attributes of Proserpina and associated with the Roman underworld god Dis Pater. Roman / Celtic
Spirit name "Agathos Daimon (good demon)" Greco - Roman God of fortune. Known locally from Alexandria and depicted in the form of a snake. May have originated as an androgynous fertility spirit, but later becomes identified as the consort of Agathe Tyche (see TYCHE). Libations were made regularly to this deity after meals and he was regarded as a friendly household guardian....
God name "Ahriman" Zoroastrian / Farsi Per sian Chthonic god of darkness. The antagonist of AHURA MAZDA, god of light, and his attendant, MITHRA. The name is a modern derivation of the original Avestan title ANGRU MAINYU. Ahriman is said to have tried to persuade his attendant animals, including the scor pion, ant and snake, to drink the blood of the bull slain by Mithra in the primeval legend of dualistic conflict (see Mithra); if he had succeeded he would have prevented life from forming on earth. In another legend he tried to thwart Ahura Mazda by sending a flood to destroy the world. Also recog nized in Roman Mithraism. Rituals included ani mal sacrifice. Also ARIMANIUS (Roman)....
Supreme god name "Ai Apaec" Mochica Indian / pre - Columbian South America / northern coast of Peru Supreme god. Probably originated as a jaguar god but came to rule the destinies of the world. He was thought to live like ordinary people and could reveal himself as man or god at will. He is depicted in anthropomorphic form, but with huge fangs and a cat-like wrinkled face with whiskers coming from his nose. He received sacrificial victims hurled from the top of a high cliff....
God name "Aizen-Myo-o" Japan / Shinto The god of love and lust. Originally a Hindu deity, Ragaraja, Aizen Myo-o became part of Buddhism, and Kobo Daishi Kukai transmitted the teaching of him to Japan. Japan / Shinto
Goddess name "Alphito" Greek the White Goddess, originally the Danaan Barley-goddess of Argos. Greek
God name "Ambisagrus aka Bussumarus" Britain Originally from Gaul, where his Celtic identity was lost during the Roman takeover where he took all the characteristics of the Roman God Jupiter. weather deity who controlled the Rain, wind, hail and fog. Britain
"Ammon" Africa Originally an Aethiopian or Libyan divinity, whose worship subsequently spread all over Egypt, parts of Africa, and many parts of Greece. The real Egyptian name was Amun or Ammun.
Goddess name "Anat in Mesopotamia" Akkadian In Akkadian the form one would expect ‘Anat to take would be Antu earlier Antum. This would also be the normal femanine form that would be taken by Anu, the Akkadian form of An 'Sky', the Sumerian god of heaven. Antu appears in Akkadian texts mostly as a rather colorless consort of Anu, the mother of Ishtar in the Gilgamesh story, but is also identified with the northwest Semitic goddess ‘Anat of essentially the same name. It is unknown whether this is an equation of two originally separate goddesses whose names happened to fall together or whether ‘Anat's cult spread to Mesopotamia where she came to be worshippped as Anu's spouse because the Mesopotamia form of her name suggested she was a counterpart to Anu.
"Angelus" Greek A surname of Artemis, according to some accounts the original name of Hecate.
God name "Angru Mainyu (evil spirit)" Persian / Iran Chthonic underworld god of darkness. The original Zoroastrian name of the chief antagonist of AHURA MAZDA.See also AHRIMAN....
Goddess name "Anunnaki" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian Children and courtiers of the god of heaven. Known from at least 2500 BC until circa 200BC (in Babylon). The Anunnaki originate as chthonic fertility deities but later feature as the seven fearsome judges of the underworld who answer to Kur and ERES KIGAL and who are responsible for passing sentences of death including that placed on the goddess INANA. They are often closely identified with the IGIGI....
"Aphaea" Greek Aka Britomartis, appears to have originally been a Cretan divinity of hunters and fishermen. Her name is usually derived from sweet or blessing, and a maiden, so that the name would mean, the sweet or blessing maiden. Greek
Deities name "Arapacana" Buddhist God. A BODHISATTVA or spiritual meditation buddha. Originally a DHARANI of MANJUSRI who became deified. Accompanied by four minor deities. Also a collective name for the five buddhas. Color: yellow or red. Attributes: standing wearing a monkish garment and carrying Book and sword....
Goddess name "Arduinna" Roman / Celtic Goddess of the Ardennes Forest. Her cult thus originated in the Ardennes, which derived its name from her. She was assimilated to the Roman Diana. Roman / Celtic
God name "Aristaios" Greek God of herdsmen. The consort of Autonoe. Of ancient origin, worshiped by peasants as a guardian of herds and beekeepers. The cult continued for many centuries at Kyrene [Libya]....
Goddess name "Arya-Tara (the honorable Tara)" Buddhist Goddess. The SAKTI of AMOGHASIDDHI. Her name is often abbreviated to TARA and she originates from the TAM bija or seed. Color: green. Attributes: green lotus and staff. Also VASYA-TARA....
God name "Asar" Arabian A horse-god revered in ancient Palmyra, possibly of Arabian origin.
Deity name "Atunis aka Atuns" Etruscan The Etruscan incarnation of the popular life-death-rebirth deity. He is a consort for Turan. Originally non-Etruscan, directly from Greek Adonis. Etruscan
Goddess name "BAAL (lord)" Western Semitic / Canaanite / northern Israel, Lebanon / later Egypt vegetation deity and national god. Baal may have originated in pre-agricultural times as god of storms and Rain. He is the son of DAGAN and in turn is the father of seven storm gods, the Baalim of the Vetus Testamentum, and seven midwife goddesses, the SASURATUM. He is considered to have been worshiped from at least the nineteenth century BC. Later he became a vegetation god concerned with fertility of the land. From the mid-sixteenth century BC in the Egyptian New kingdom, Baal enjoyed a significant cult following, but the legend of his demise and restoration was never equated with that of OSIRIS. In the Greco-Roman period, Baal became assimilated in the Palestine region with ZEUS and JUPITER, but as a Punic deity [Carthage] he was allied with SATURNUS, the god of seed-sowing....
Goddess name "BRIGIT (exalted one)" Celtic / Continental / European / Irish Fertility goddess. A major Celtic pastoral deity, described as a “wise woman, the daughter of the DAGDA,” Brigit became “Christianized” as St. Brigit of Kildare, who lived from AD 450-523 and founded the first female Christian community in Ireland. She was originally celebrated on February 1 in the festival of Imbolc....
God name "Baa! Ma!age" Western Semitic / Phoenician Local tutelary god. Probably of Canaanite origin, closely equating with BAAL SAMIN and known only from inscriptions....
Deities name "Baa! Samin (lord of heaven)" Western Semitic / Phoenician Head of the pantheon. Probably originated in Canaanite culture as a god of Rain and vegetation, but became extensively revered in places as far apart as Cyprus and Carthage. Epithets include “bearer of thunder.” Baal Samin is first mentioned in a fourteenth century BC treaty between the Hittite king Suppiluliuma and Nigmadu II of Ugarit. He had a major sanctuary at Byblos, according to inscription, “built by Yehemilk.” Josephus confirms that his cult existed at the time of Solomon. At Karatepe his name appears at the head of a list of national deities and on Seleucid coinage he is depicted wearing a half-moon crown and carrying a radiate Sun disc. Other epithets include “lord of eternity” and he may also have been god of storms at sea, a patron deity of mariners. By Hellenic times he equated with ZEUS in the Greek pantheon and the Romans identified him as Caelus (sky). Also Baal-Samem....
Deities name "Baa! Sapon" Western Semitic / Phoenician Local tutelary god. Probably of Canaanite origin and closely equating with BAAL SAMIN. According to Ugaritic texts he lives on a mountain in the north of Phoenicia known as Saphan, which may have served as a beacon for mariners. Other local variations of mountain deities include Baal Hermon and Baal Brathy....
"Bacis" Greek Seems to have been originally only a common noun derived from to speak, and to have signified any prophet or speaker. In later times, however, Bacis was regarded as a proper noun, and the ancients distinguish several seers of this name. Greek
Goddess name "Balarama (strength of Rama)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic Incarnation of the god VIS'NU. May have originated in Vedic times as an agricultural fertility deity. He is the son of VASUDEVA and DEVAKI, though born from the womb of ROHINI. Jointly with KRSNA (his brother), he is identified as the eighth avatara (incarnation) of Vis'nu, or, with RAMA, as the seventh. Legend describes how Vis'nu impregnated the belly of the goddess Devaki with two hairs, one black, one white. To ensure their safety against a demon king, they were transferred before birth to Rohini. Krsna grew to be dark-skinned, and Balarama light. The latter enjoys similar characteristics to Krsna but fails to attract the same popularity. He is usually depicted on the right side of Krsna, rarely standing alone. The consort of Balarama is REVATI and his sons are Nisatha and Ulmuka. Epithets included Ananda (joy). In Jainism he is known as Baladeva. Attributes: arrow, club, drinking cup, fan palm, honey pot, lotus, pestle, pitcher, plough, prayer wheel, shield and sword....
God name "Banebdjedet" Egypt Ba of the Lord of Mendes a fertility god and originally a ram with horns shaped like cork-screws, later he was often thought of as a he-goat. According to Herodotus his followers did not sacrifice goats. Egypt
Goddess name "Bellona" Greek The goddess of war among the Romans. It is very probable that originally Bellona was a Sabine divinity whose worship was carried to Rome by the Sabine settlers. Greek
Goddess name "Bellona" Roman Goddess of war and mother goddess Roman the goddess of war among the Romans. It is very probable that originally Bellona was a Sabine divinity whose worship was carried to Rome by the Sabine settlers. She is frequently mentioned by the Roman poets as the companion of Mars, or even as his sister or his wife. Virgil describes her as armed with a bloody scourge. (The Aeneid Book VIII)
God name "Bethel" Western Semitic / Phoenician Local tutelary god. Probably of Aramaean or Syrian origin. First mentioned in a fourteenth century treaty between the Hittite king Suppiluliuma and Nigmadu II of Ugarit [Ras Samra]. He appears more regularly on inscriptions from the end of the seventh century BC and enjoyed considerable popularity during the neo-Babylonian period. Bethel is mentioned in the Biblical text of Jeremiah 48.13, implying that some Israelites acknowledged this deity. There is no evidence of links with the historical place names, including that mentioned in Genesis 38.13....
Spirit name "Bhagavan (the lord)" Northern / central Indian Tutelary god. Worshiped by the Bhils and other tribes as the original creator spirit and a judge of the dead soul. Also an epithet of VISNU and KRSNA. Also Bhagwan....
King name "Binzuru-Sonja" Japan One of the pupils of Buddha, the first of the sixteen Rakan. Rakan with grey hair and long eyebrows. Originally he was a retainer of the king, Uuten. He became a priest and attained miracle power by performing Arakan's vow. It is said that he was praised by Shaka for he used the miracle power for the world and that he didn't enter Nirvana and made efforts cultivating ordinary people. He was worshipped on the above in Theravada Buddhism, however, many are worshipped in restaurants in China. He is enshrined in front of a temple in Japan. It is believed that stroking him eliminates distresses. Japan
God name "Boreas" Greek / also Roman God of the north wind. He controlled the storm which destroyed the Persian fleet sailing against Athens. Identified with Winter frosts. According to the Theogony (Hesiod), he is the son of EOS and Astraeos and is of Thracian origin: “ . . . when Thracian Boreas huddles the thick clouds.”...
"Britomartis" Greek Appears to have originally been a Cretan divinity of hunters and fishermen. Her name is usually derived from sweet or blessing, and a maiden, so that the name would mean, the sweet or blessing maiden. Greek
"Butsugen aka Butsubo" Japan A manifestation of the eyes of Nyorai. eyes originally has infinite virtue to produce wisdom. Japan
Goddess name "COVENTINA" Roman / Celtic / British Tutelary and water goddess of uncertain affinities. Little is known of Coventina other than that she was a purely local British goddess of some importance. She is best observed from the period of the Roman occupation, at which time she shows a classical influence but is clearly Celtic in origin....
"Calpe" Roman Calpe and Abyla. The two pillars of Hercules. According to one account, these two were originally only one mountain, which Hercules tore asunder; but some say he piled up each mountain separately, and poured the sea between them. Roman
Goddess name "Caolainn" Origin Goddess who was the guardian of a magical well in County Roscommon in western Ireland Her myth is the origin of the 'wishing well'
Goddess name "Carravogue" British / Ireland Local Crone Goddess from County Meath who was transformed into a huge snake for eating forbidden berries. Her original purpose is basically lost in modern times because her stories became so absorbed by Christian legends which attempt to make her a Celtic Eve. British / Ireland
God name "Chac" Mayan / Yucatec, Mesoamerican / Mexico Rain god(s). Not part of the hierarchy of Mayan gods, but worshiped with great devotion at local level. Originally there was a god, Chaac, who was of huge size and who taught mankind Agriculture. He was regarded as the god of thunder, lightning, Rain and bread, and of milpas (smallholdings) and their produce. Also God B....
Monster name "Chimaera" Greek A fire-breathing monster, which, according to the Homeric poems, was of Divine origin. Greek
"Chloris" Greek A daughter of the Theban Amphion and Niobe. According to an Argive tradition, her original name was Meliboea, and she and her brother Amyclas were the only children of Niobe that were not killed by Apollo and Artemis. But the terror of Chloris at the death of her brothers and sisters was so great, that she turned perfectly white, and was therefore called Chloris. Greek
Demon name "Chung K'uei" Taoist / Chinese God of the afterlife. He belongs to the heavenly “ministry of exorcism” and, though not the most senior (he is subservient to CHANG TAO LING), is probably the most popular within the category. He was originally a mortal working as a physician in the eighth century AD. He is depicted with a fearsome face, said to be so terrible that it can drive away any demonic spirit who dares to oppose him. He is engaged in combat using a sword and a fan on which is written a magical formula to ward off evil. Symbolic peaches are suspended from his hat and a bat circles his head representing happiness....
Goddess name "Coventina" Celtic One of the most potent of the Celtic river Goddesses. Most likely Roman in origin. She was also the Goddess of featherless flying creatures.
King name "Creiddylad" Welsh Originally betrothed to Gwythr ap Greidawl, she is abducted by Gwyn ap Nudd, causing the two rivals to go to war over her. In the early Arthurian tale Culhwch and Olwen, king Arthur settles the feud by arranging for the two to battle every May Day until Doomsday. Welsh
God name "DARARIA" Hindu / India Jjustice. The god of law who originates as a creator god and one of the sons of Brahma, but almost certainly derives from the dharmas or archetypal patterns of society identified in the Rg Veda. According to tradition he is the consort of thirteen daughters of DAKSA and the father of Yudhisthra. Also regarded as a minor avatara of VISNU, appearing as a bull standing for the redemption of souls....
God name "Daikokr" Shinto / Japan God of luck. One of seven gods of fortune in Shintoism and often linked with the god EBISU. Originally a god of kitchens, he became a deity concerned with happiness. He is depicted as a fat, well-to-do figure seated on two rice bales and carrying a sack on his back. He also holds a hammer in his right hand. In depictions there is often a mouse nibbling at one of the rice bales. Small gold icons of the god may be carried as talismans of wealth. According to tradition, when Daikoku's hammer is shaken, money falls out in great profusion. In western Japan he is also syncretized with the god of rice paddies, TA-NO-KAMI, and thus becomes the god of Agriculture and farmers. He may have developed from the Buddhist god MAHAKALA....
"Delias" Greek The sacred vessel made by Theseus and sent annually from Athens to Delos. This annual festival lasted 30 days, during which no Athenian could be put to death, and as Socrates was condemned during this period his death was deferred till the return of the sacred vessel. The ship had been so often repaired that not a stick of the original vessel remained at the time, yet was it the identical ship. So the body changes from infancy to old age, and though no single particle remains constant, yet the man 6 feet high is identical with his infant body a span long. Greek
"Deo" Hindu Originally the term for the thirty-three great divinities. Hindu
Deities name "Deva (the god)" Hindu / Vedic / Puranic Generic name of a god. Originally, in the Rg Veda, thirty or thirty-three devas are indicated, divided into three groups of eleven. In later Hinduism, the term deva is generally applied to deities not included in the chief triad of BRAHMA, VISNU and SIVA....
God name "Dewden aka Dedun" Nubian A Nubian god worshipped since at least 2400BC. There is much uncertainty about his original nature, especially since he was depicted as a lion, but the earliest known information indicates that he had become a god of incense.
Goddess name "Dhatar (creator)" Hindu / Puranic Sun god. An original Vedic list of six descendants of the goddess ADITI or Adityas, all of whom take the role of Sun gods was, in later times, enlarged to twelve, including Dhatar. Color: golden. Attributes: two lotuses, lotus rosary and waterjar. Also Dhatr....
"Dictynna aka Britomartis" Cretan Originally a Cretan divinity of hunters and fishermen. Her name is usually derived from sweet or blessing, and a maiden, so that the name would mean, the sweet or blessing maiden.
God name "Dionysus" Greek The youthful, beautiful, but effeminate god of wine. He is also called both by Greeks and Romans Bacchus, that is, the noisy or riotous god, which was originally a mere epithet or surname of Dionysus, but does not occur till after the time of Herodotus. Greek
Goddess name "Dzivaguru" Korekore / Shona / northern Zimbabwe, southern Africa Chthonic mother goddess. Originally said to have ruled both heaven and earth and lived in a palace by a sacred lake near Dande. She is depicted wearing goatskins and bearing a cornucopia holding magical substances. Her sacred creatures are mythical golden Sunbirds, probably modeled on swallows, a pair of which were actually discovered in Zimbabwe....
God name "Ek Chuah" Mayan / Mesoamerican / Mexico God of merchants. Also the deity responsible for the cacao crop. (The cacao bean was traditionally the standard currency throughout Mesoamerica.) Probably of Putun origin, he is typically depicted painted black, except for a red area around the lips and chin. He has a distinctive downwardly projecting lower lip, horseshoe shapes around each eye and a highly elongated nose. He may also bear a scorpion's tail. Other attributes include a carrying strap in his headdress and sometimes a pack on his back. Also God M....
God name "El'eb" Western Semitic / Canaanite Primordial god. In some texts the god EL (IL) is not the original being but is preceded by a father figure. EL-EB translates as “god the father.”See also YALDABAOTH....
God name "Elagabal (lord of the mountain)" Syrian Local tutelary god. Probably originating as a mountain deity with strong solar links. His sacred animal is the eagle. His cult was based on the town of Emesa [Homs], where he was worshiped in the form of a dome-shaped, black stone obelisk. His name became Hellenized as Heliogabalos....
God name "Enki aka Ea" Mesopotamia / Sumeria A deity later known as Ea in Babylonian mythology, originally chief God of the city of Eridu. Mesopotamia / Sumeria
God name "Esus" Celtic / Continental / European God of war. Mentioned by the Roman writer Lucan but otherwise virtually unknown. He may have originated as a tree god. One carving [Trier] identifies Esus felling a tree with birds in the branches (see also INANA). Elsewhere he is associated with three cranes and a bull....
God name "Faivarongo" Polynesian / Tikopia God of mariners. The eldest son of a being known as Ariki Kafika Tuisifo, he is a patron and guardian of seafarers and is also regarded as the origin of the royal Tikopian lineage. Also known as the “grandsire of the ocean.” He is closely linked with the chthonic god TIFENUA and the sky god ATUA I KAFIKA....
Goddess name "Faun" Roman Place-spirits (genii) of untamed woodland. Romans connected their fauns with the Greek satyrs, wild and orgiastic drunken followers of Dionysus. However, fauns and satyrs were originally quite different creatures. Both have horns and both resemble goats below the waist, humans above; but originally satyrs had human feet, fauns goatlike hooves. The Romans also had a god named Faunus and a goddess Fauna, who, like the fauns, were goat-people. Roman
God name "Feng Po" Chinese sky god. Described as the “Count of the wind,” which he releases from a sack, he has strong links with the sea. He was originally regarded as malevolent and the antagonist of the god Shen Yi. Feng Po may be depicted in human form as an old man with a white beard, or in the guise of a dragon with the head of a bird or a deer. Also Fei Lian; Fei Lien; Feng Bo....
Goddess name "Furiae aka dirae" Greek / Roman Eumenides, erinyes,, were originally nothing but a personification of curses pronounced upon a guilty criminal. The name Erinnys, which is the more ancient one, was derived by the Greeks from "I hunt up or persecute", or from the Arcadian "I am angry"; so that the Furiae were either the angry goddesses, or the goddesses who hunt up or search after the criminal. Greek / Roman
Demon name "Garuda (the devourer)" Hindu / Vedic Archaic Sun god and Divine vehicle. Originally depicted as a solar deity, Garuda evolved into a bird-like human hybrid who became the deified mount of VIS'NU. Also a chief adversary of nagas (snake-like demons), which he devours. In early depictions Garuda has a parrot's beak. Said to have been born from an egg, the son of Vinata and KASYAPA. Epithets include Amrtaharana, Garutman, Tarksya. Attributes: conch, club, lotus and nectar, but may also bear the attributes of Vis'nu.(2) Mount or vahana of VAJRAPANI. Buddhist. Attributes: flower, horse-head, noose, skin and staff. Three-eyed and three-headed....
God name "HERYSAF (he who is upon his lake)" ORIGIN Egypt Primeval deity associated both with Osiris and Re. Herys”af is a ram god said to have emerged from the primeval ocean, possibly recreated in the form of a sacred lake at Hnes, the capital of Lower Egypt for a time at the beginning of the third millennium (during the First Intermediate Period). The god is depicted with a human torso and the head of a ram wearing the atef crown of Lower Egypt. Herys”af began as a local deity but took on national importance as the soul (ba) of RE, and of OSIRIS. Herys”af 's sanctuary was enlarged by Rameses II and the god is said to have protected the life of the last Egyptian pharaoh when the Persian and later Macedonian dominations began. He eventually became syncretized with HERAKLES in Greco-Roman culture and Hnes became known as Herakleopolis....
God name "Hachiman" Shinto / Japan God of war and peace. A deity whose origins are confused. The name does not appear in either of the sacred texts of Shintoism, but such a deity was probably worshiped in the distant past with the alternative title of HimeGami or Hime-O-Kami. The cult center was on the southern island of Kyushu at Usa. In modern Shintoism, Hachiman originates as a member of the imperial dynasty. Named Ojin-Tenno and born in AD 200 to the empress Jingu-Kogo, he greatly improved the living standards and culture of Japan during his remarkable reign. The place of his birth was marked by a sanctuary and several centuries after his death, a vision of a child KAMI appeared there to a priest. The kami identified himself by the Chinese ideogram representing the name Hachiman, and thus the link developed. The site is, today, the location of a magnificent shrine, the Umi-Hachiman-Gu, where Hachiman has been perceived as a god of war. Soldiers departing for battle once took with them relics from the shrine. Hachiman is also a deity of peace and a guardian of human life and, when pacifism dominated Japan during the post-war era, he became more strongly identified in the latter context....
"Hainuwele" Indonesia 'The Coconut Girl' who, when she "answered the call of nature"; excreted valuable items. She was killed and buried by villagers but her boyfriend exhumed the corpse and cut it into pieces which he then re-buried around the village. These pieces grew into the various tuberous plants, giving origin to the principle foods the people of Indonesia have enjoyed ever since. Seram, New Guinea
Goddess name "Harimella" Scotland A Goddess of protection; of Tungrain origin. Scotland
Goddess name "Harimella/ Viradechthis" Scotland A goddess of Tungrain origin
Goddess name "Hariti" Buddhist Goddess for the protection of children, easy delivery, happy child rearing and parenting, harmony between husband and wife, love, and the well-being and safety of the family. Women without children also pray to Kishimojin to help them become pregnant. Originally, Hariti was a cannibalistic demon. She had hundreds of children whom she loved and doted upon, but to feed them, she abducted and killed the children of others. Buddhist
God name "Haru-pa-khart" Egypt Harpocrates God of the rising Sun. Horus the Child, son of Isis and Osiris, originally a god of youth and vigor, later taking on the aspects of the Sun-god. At Mendes he was the son of Hat-mehit. Egypt
Demon name "Hayagriva (horse neck)" Hindu / Epic / Puranic (1) The most significant minor incarnation of the god VIS'NU. He probably originated as a horse god and later became an avatara associated with wisdom and knowledge. At the behest of BRAHMA, Hayagriva rescued the Vedas, stolen by two demons, from the bottom of the primeval ocean. Depicted in human form with the head of a horse and, according to the texts, eight hands. Attributes: Book (Veda), horse's mane and rosary. Also the attributes of Vis'nu. Also Hayasirsa, Vadavavaktra.(2) Patron god of horses. Buddhist-Lamaist [Tibet]. One of a group of DHARMAPALA with terrible appearance and royal attire, he is considered to be an emanation of AKSOBHYA or AMITABHA. His SAKTI is MARICI. Color: red. Attributes: horse heads, staff and trident, but also arrow, ax, banner, bow, club, flames, flower, image of Aksobhya or Amitabha on the crown, lotus, noose, prayer wheel, skin, snakes, sword and trident. Three-eyed....
God name "Hephaestus" Greek The god of fire, was, according to the Homeric account, the son of Zeus and Hera The Romans, when speaking of the Greek Hephaestus, call him Vulcan or Vulcanus, although Vulcanus was an original Italian divinity. Later traditions state that he had no father, and that Hera gave birth to him independent of Zeus, as she was jealous of Zeus having given birth to Athena independent of her. Greek
"Hermaphroditos" Greek The name is compounded of Hermes and Aphrodite. He was originally a male Aphrodite (Aphroditus), and represented as a Hermes with the phallus, the symbol of fertility, but afterwards as a Divine being combining the two sexes, and usually with the head, breasts, and body of a female, but with the sexual parts of a man. Greek
Deities name "Heruka" Buddhist / Mahayana God. One of the most popular deities in the pantheon, though probably owing much to the influence of the Hindu god S IWA. Originally an epithet for another Hindu god, GANESA, but in Buddhism seen as an emanation of AKSOBHYA. His SAKTI is NAIRAMATA and the product of their liaison is nirvana (eternal bliss). Typically he stands upon a corpse. In northeastern India, Heruka is worshiped as a compassionate god. Attributes: club, flayed human skin, image of Aksobhya, jewel, knife, fifty skulls, sword, staff and teeth....
Goddess name "Hine-Nui-Te-Po (great woman of the night)" Polynesian / including Maori Chthonic underworld goddess. Originally she was HINE-ATAUIRA, the daughter of TANE and HINE-AHUONE, but she descended to rule over the underworld. She is depicted in human form but with eyes of jade, hair of seaweed and teeth like those of a predatory fish....
God name "Hiruko" Japan The Japanese god of fishermen, good luck, and workingmen, as well as the guardian of the health of small children. He is one of the Seven Gods of Fortune and the only one of the seven to originate from Japan.
Goddess name "Horae" Greek Horai, originally the personifications or goddesses of the order of nature and of the seasons, but in later times they were regarded as the goddesses of order in general and of justice. In Homer, who neither mentions their parents nor their number, they are the Olympian divinities of the weather and the ministers of Zeus; and in this capacity they guard the doors of Olympus, and promote the fertility of the earth, by the various kinds of weather they send down. Greek
God name "Huang Fei-hu" China Originally an earth god who was promoted to the god Tai mountain eastern China and he now judges the souls of the dead when they come to his mountain. China
Goddess name "Hung Sheng (boly one)" Chinese Guardian god. A deity who protects fishing boats and their crews against danger at sea in the Southern Ocean. His role is similar to that of the goddess KUAN YIN. Little is known of the origin of Hung Sheng, but he was allegedly a mortal who died on the thirteenth day of the second moon, which falls two days before the spring equinox when the sea dragon king, Lung Wang, is believed to leave the ocean and ascend into the heavens. The god is propitiated with cakes made from the first grain of the year, on the fifth day of the fifth month and in some traditions he is seen as an aspect of the sea dragon king....
God name "Hymen" Greek The god of marriage, was conceived as a handsome youth, and invoked in the hymeneal or bridal song. The names originally designated the bridal song itself, which was subsequently personified. The first trace of this personification occurs in Euripides or perhaps in Sappho. Greek
"Immaculate Conception" Roman The dogma that the Virgin Mary was conceived without Original sin. This dogma was first broached by St. Bernard, and was stoutly maintained by Duns Scotus and his disciples, but was not received by the Roman Catholic Church as an article of faith till 1854.
Goddess name "Inana, Istar,Ishtar" Akkadian / Sumerian The most important of all Mesopotamian goddesses, and a multi-faceted personality, occurring in cuneiform texts of all periods. The Sumerian name probably means "Lady of heaven";, and the Akkadian name Ishtar is related to the Syrian Astarte and the biblical Ashtaroth is usually considered as a daughter of Anzu, with her cult located in Uruk, but there are other traditions as to her ancestry, and it is probable that these reflect originally different goddesses that were identified with her. Ishtar is the subiect of a cycle of texts describing her love affair and ultimately fatal relationship with Tammuz.
Goddess name "Inanna" Mesopotamia Inana, the original "Holy Virgin," as the Sumerians called her, is the first known divinity associated with the planet Venus. This Sumerian goddess became identified with the Semitic goddesses Ishtar and later Astarte, Egyptian Isis, Greek Aphrodite, Etruscan Turan and the Roman Venus. Mesopotamia
Demon name "Ipet" Egypt She was originally the demon-wife of Apep, the original god of evil. Egypt
Goddess name "Iunones" Greco - Roman Goddesses of femininity. Generally depicted as a trio of MATRES. A shrine at Saintes Maries on the Rhone delta was originally dedicated to the Iunones Augustae....
Goddess name "Izanagi-No-Kami (his augustness the one who invites)" Shinto / Japan Creator god. One of seventeen beings involved in creation. His consort is IZANAMI-NO-KAMI. They are strictly of Japanese origin with no Chinese or Buddhist influence. Jointly they are responsible to the other fifteen primordial deities to “make, consolidate and give birth to this drifting land.” The reference, in the Kojiki sacred text, is to the reed beds which were considered to float on the primal waters. The pair were granted a heavenly jeweled spear and they stood upon the floating bridge of heaven, stirring the waters with the spear. When the spear was pulled up, the brine which dripped from it created the island of Onogoro, the first dry land, believed to be the island of Nu-Shima on the southern coast of Awagi. According to mythology, the pair created two beings, a son HIRUKO and an island Ahaji. They generated the remaining fourteen islands which make up Japan and then set about creating the rest of the KAMI pantheon. Izanagi's most significant offspring include AMATERASU, the Sun goddess, born from his nose and SUSANOWO, the storm god, born from his left eye, who are the joint rulers of the universe. Also IzanagiNo-Mikoto....
Deity name "Jimmu" Japan The first emperor of Japan, direct descendant of Amaterasu, the supreme deity, and generally regarded as the ancestor of the present Japanese emperor. Jimmu is a Chinese-style name given to this emperor much later; his original name was Kamu-yamato-iwarehiko. Kamu means “divine,” and Yamato is the name of the loca- tion of the ancient capital.
God name "Joh" Egypt Original word for God of the moon in Thebes Egypt
Supreme god name "Jumala" Finland A generic name for a major deity. Originally the name given by the Finns to the sky, the sky-god, and the supreme god. Later taivas and Ukko were used as the names for the sky and the sky-god. The word means god and was later used for the Christian God. The origin of the word is unknown – some possible explanations are derivation from Jomali, the supreme deity of the Permians and origination from the Estonian word jume.
Planet name "Jupiter" Roman Jupiter is, properly speaking, a derivation of Jove and pater (Latin for father) The name of the god was also adopted as the name of the planet Jupiter, and was the original namesake of the weekday that would come to be known in English as Thursday (the etymological root can be seen in French jeudi, from Jovis Dies). The Indo-European deity who also evolved into the Germanic Tiwaz (after whom Tuesday was named), the Greek Zeus, and Dyaus Pita of the Vedic religion. Jove is a vocative form of the name, evolved from Dyeus. Roman
Demon name "K'daai" Yakut / Siberia A fire demon that originated working in wrought iron
"Kamennaia Baba" Origin 'The Stone Mothers', the monolithic stone menhirs in southern Russia. These were possibly of Scythian origin and engraved with serpent and animal images, hold a horn, and are flanked by horsemen.
Goddess name "Karmavasita (control of karman)" Buddhist Minor goddess. One of a group of twelve VASITAS or goddesses personifying the disciplines of spiritual regeneration—karma(n) is an act, rite or deed originating in the hope of future recompense. Color: green. Attribute: a staff....
God name "Khnum" Egypt Khnemu, one of the earliest Egyptian gods, originally the god of the source of the Nile River. Since the annual flooding of the Nile brought with it silt and clay, and its water brought life to its surrounds, he was thought to be the creator of human children, which he made at a potter's wheel, from clay, and placed in their mothers' wombs. He was later described as having molded the other gods, and he had the titles Divine Potter and Lord of created things from himself. Egypt
Spirit name "Kneph" Egypt Was originally the breath of life, his name meaning soul-breath. Indeed, according to Plutarch and Diodorus, kneph was identical with the Greek pneuma. Kneph in this context was a spirit that breathed life into things, giving them form. Egypt Kneph eventually became considered to be the creator god himself, in Elephantine, although his identity was finally assimilated into the more important god Amun.
Supreme god name "Kronos" Pre - Greek Archetypal fertility god. He is of unknown origin but is the son of the earth mother GAIA and the sky god OURANOS, whom he usurped after castrating him. His consort is RHEA. So as not to suffer a similar fate to his father he swallowed all his children except ZEUS who was kept from him by a ruse. Zeus eventually hurled Kronos into Tartaros, the abyss in which all the TITANS were confined. He was celebrated in the Greek harvest festival of kronia which equalled the Roman saturnalia. During Hellenic times he was the supreme god at Byblos [Syria]. He is depicted on coinage of Antiochus IV (175-164 BC) nude, leaning on a scepter, with three pairs of wings, two spread and one folded....
Goddess name "Kuan Yin" China Benign guardian goddess, probably of India origin China / Taoist
Goddess name "Kubai-khotun" Anatolian 'Great Mother'; she dwells in the 'tree of life' or under its roots and protects and supports humans and animals. Her milk is the origin of the milky Way. She was the primordial mother-goddess. Anatolian
Spirit name "Kubera (misshapen)" Hindu / Vedic, Epic / Puranic (1) God of riches. He was originally the head of the YAKSAS spirits of the Forests, but by Puranic times was associated with wealth and productivity. He is also a dikpala guardian of the northern quarter. The son of Pulastya and Idavida, his consorts include Yaksi, VASUDHARA and Vriddhi. Identified with the city of Alaka. He is depicted as a dwarfish figure riding upon a Brahman or a chariot. Color: white. Attributes: generally carrying a purse, but occasionally with various other items. Also Kuvera, Kauveri.(2) God of riches. Buddhist-Lamaist [Tibet]. One of a group of DHARMAPALA with terrible appearance and royal attire. Also a dikpala or guardian of the northern quarter. Color: yellow. Attributes: ax, banner, club, cup, hook, Ichneumon disgorging jewels, noose, reliquary and occasionally a trident....
God name "Kukulcan" Mayan / Mesoamerican / Mexico Creator god. Kukulcan is, in origin, a Toltec god who was adopted by the Mayan culture and who corresponds closely with the Aztec deity QUETZALCOATL. He is chiefly concerned with reincarnation, but is also responsible for the elements of fire, earth and water. He is depicted with various attributes, including a torch or a lizard representing fire, maize for earth, and a fish for water. Also God B....
Spirit name "Kun Lun" Chinese The Kunlun mountains are well known in Chinese mythology and are believed to be Taoist Paradise. The first to visit this Paradise was king Mu. He supposedly discovered there the Jade Palace of Huang-Di, the mythical Yellow Emperor and originator of Chinese culture, and met Hsi Wang Mu, the 'Spirit Mother of the West' usually called the 'Queen Mother of the West', who was the object of an ancient religious cult which reached its peak in the Han Dynasty, also had her mythical abode in these mountains.
King name "Lamia" Greek A female phantom, by which children were frightened. According to tradition, she was originally a Libyan queen, of great beauty and a daughter of Belus. She was beloved by Zeus, and Hera in her jealousy robbed her of her children. Lamia, from revenge and despair, robbed others of their children, and murdered them; and the savage cruelty in which she now indulged rendered her ugly, and her face became fearfully distorted. Zeus gave her the power of taking her eyes out of her head, and putting them in again. Greek
"Lao-Tze" China In his Tao-te ching, The Canon of Reason and Virtue (at first entitled simply Lao Tzu(), gave to the then existing scattered sporadic conceptions of the universe a literary form. His tao, or ‘Way,' is the originator of heaven and earth, it is "the mother of all things." China
Goddess name "Lei-zi" China Goddess of thunder who also originated silk worm breeding. China
King name "Lelex" Greek One of the original inhabitants of Laconia which was called after him, its first king, Lelegia. He was married to the Naiad Cleochareia, by whom he became the father of Myles, Polycaon, and Eurotas. Greek
Demon name "Lempo" Finland Originally a fertility spirit, became synonymous with demon in the Christian era.
Goddess name "Leukothea" Greco - Roman Sea goddess. Popular around the coasts of the Mediterranean with fishing communities. A mermaid who was originally Ino, a mortal daughter of Kadmos. She was wet nurse to DIONYSOS (BACCHUS), but became mad and threw herself in the sea with her son Melikertes. In another version of the story she was escaping the wrath of Athamas, king of Thebes. The gods elevated her to the status of goddess and her son became the god PALAEMON....
Goddess name "Liber" Italic Chthonic fertility god. Originally associated with husbandry and crops but then assimilated with DIONYSOS. The consort of CERES and father of the goddess LIBERA. His festival, the Liberalia, was on March 17 when young men celebrated the arrival of manhood....
"Ligyron" Greek I. e. the whining, is said to have been the original name of Achilles, and to have been changed into Achilles by Cheiron. Greek
Spirit name "Loa" Puerto Rico / Haiti spirit beings. The gods of the voodoo cult who were originally imported by slaves from West Africa. An amount of Christian influence is present in their makeup....
God name "MITHRA (friend)" Persian / Iran God of the upper air. Originating in India, Mithra is a god of light who was translated into the attendant of the god AHURA MAZDA in the light religion of Persia; from this he was adopted as the Roman deity Mithras. He is not generally regarded as a sky god but a personification of the fertilizing power of warm, light air. According to the Avesta, he possesses 10,000 eyes and ears and rides in a chariot drawn by white horses. In dualistic Zoroastrianism, which effectively demoted him, Mithra is concerned with the endless battle between light and dark forces; he represents truth. He is responsible for the keeping of oaths and contracts. He was born from a rock and, according to legend, engaged in a primeval struggle with Ahura Mazda's first creation, a wild bull, which he subdued and confined to a cave. The bull escaped, but was recaptured by Mithra, who slit its throat. From the blood sprang plant life on earth. His chief adversary is AHRIMAN, the power of darkness. Mithra is not generally worshiped on his own, but as an integral part of the Mithraic worship of Ahura Mazda, where he acts as an intercessor between gods and men. In the Hellenic period he was transformed more closely to the role of a Sun god. See also AHURA MAZDA....
King name "Mabb" Irish utter intoxication. Originally queen of Tara,later queen of the Faeries and mythological queen of Connaught. She dumped her husband, king Conchobar and created nine Irish kings in succession and took each one her lover. She was also a fierce battle queen. Irish
Goddess name "Maia" Greco - Roman Chthonic or earth goddess. Originally, in pre-Homeric times, a mountain spirit who subsequently became a minor consort of ZEUS. The Romans worshiped her as an obscure goddess of the plains who became briefly a consort of JUPITER, and they perceived her as the mother of the messenger god Mercury. Her cult was associated with that of VulcanUS. Possibly the origin of the name of the month of May.See also MERCURIUS....
Goddess name "Mama Qoca (mother sea)" Inca / pre - Columbian South America / Peru, etc Goddess of the ocean. Originally a pre-Inca goddess of coastal regions who retained her influence under Inca rule. Invoked by all Indians who gain their livelihood from the sea. Today probably syncretized largely with the Christian Virgin Mary. Also Mama Cocha....
Goddess name "Mamaki (greedy)" Buddhist Goddess. The SAKTI of RATNASAMBHAVA or AKSOBHYA. Also a BODHISATTVA or future buddha, originating from the blue mantra MAM. Color: yellow or blue. Attributes: cup, flowers, jewel, knife and staff....
Spirit name "Manda dHiia" s Manda-d-Hiya, the son of Nis'ibtun. Manda d Hiia means Gnosis of Life, or Temple of the Living Ones. A Savior spirit sometimes identified with Hibil. Looks out for humanity. Younger brother of Hibil-Ziwa. Sometimes Mani's Living spirit, but often Yeshu and Miryai. Identified with Yeshu when he was baptized by John. Manda dHiia and Mahzian appear to have originally been titles for the Living spirit, but ones attached to Yeshu later on. Early Nazorean
Deities name "Manes" Roman Hearth deities. Technically souls separated from the body, these objects of ancestor worship became classed as guardian divinities in Roman households. Celebrated in the feast of Parentalia. Origin of the title on graves: Dis Manibus....
God name "Manm" Hindu / Vedic Primordial creator god. The son(s) of SURYA. The name given to the fourteen original progenitors of mankind during the mythical or heroic ages. According to tradition, the consort of Manu is Ida, who was engendered from milk and butter offered to S IVA as a propitiation....
God name "Mars" Roman An ancient Roman god, who was at an early period identified by the Romans with the Greek Ares, or the god delighting in bloody war, although there are a variety of indications that the Italian Mars was originally a divinity of a very different nature. Roman
God name "Men Ascaenus" Antioch - near - Pisidia Local tutelary god. Possibly originating as a Persian moon god and known chiefly from a description by Strabo. He enjoyed a substantial cult including a temple some 1,200 meters above sea level. His symbol is the head of a bull above a crescent moon and wreath; it appears on local coinage circa AD 200. The popularity of the cult earned antagonism from the Roman occupation.See also MEN....
Goddess name "Menchit" Egypt Originally a foreign war goddess, and the female counterpart, and thus wife, to Anhur. It was said that she had come from Nubia with Anhur. Her name depicts this warrior status, as it means she who massacres. Egypt
Goddess name "Meter" The essence of the great mother of all gods, equating most closely to GAIA Mother goddess, Greek. Known throughout the Greek Empire and generally the object of devotion by individuals rather than large cult followings. Also known as Meter oriae (mother of the mountain). Her popularity is thought to have spread from northern Ionia. Herodotus mentions a festival of Meter in Kyzikos. Probably derived originally from the western Asiatic great mother (see KYBELE)....
Goddess name "Metis" Greek Goddess of wisdom. The daughter of OKEANOS and TETHYS. The original consort of ZEUS and mother of ATHENA. According to legend, Zeus swallowed her because he feared she would engender a child more powerful than he....
"Miach" Ireland A son of Diancecht and brother of Airmed, he was better at healing than his father. He replaced the silver hand that Diancecht had fashioned for Nuada with Nuada's original hand and healed it. Diancecht, jealous of his son's healing powers, killed him. But 365 healing herbs sprang up from his grave. Ireland
Goddess name "Mihos" Egypt Lion god. The son of the goddess BASTET. Depicted in leonine form and originating from a cult center at Leontopolis [Tell el'Muqdam] in Lower Egypt. A sanctuary in his honor was built at Bubastis. Also Miysis (Greek)....
God name "Mitra (friend)" Hindu / Vedic / Puranic Minor Sun god. An Aditya, one of six descendants of ADITI, he was originally associated with VARUNA (Vedic), ruling the day while Varuna ruled the night. It is from this model that first MITHRA (Persian) and then MITHRAS (Roman) were derived. He is also the god of intimate friendship. Attributes: two lotuses, trident and a sacrificial drink or soma....
God name "Mlk-Amuklos" Western Semitic / Syrio - Palestine / / Cyprus Heroic god. Known from inscriptions circa 1100 BC and possibly one of the original pre-Hellenic models from which APOLLO was derived....
Goddess name "Modron (another)" Celtic / Welsh Mother goddess. The mother of MABON, whom she subsequently loses. Her cult is closely linked with that of Mabon and she may originally have been one of the aspects of the goddess(es) MORRIGAN. In Christian times some authors believe that she became St. Madrun....
God name "Moma" Uitoto Indian / South America Creator god. Originally the creator of mankind. When he was slain he entered and ruled the underworld. Also the apotheosis of the moon....
God name "Moma Uitoto" SA A god that originally was the creator of mankind & the apotheosis of the moon
God name "Mon" Kafir / Afghanistan / Hindukush A warrior god & hero from prehistoric origins and around today
God name "Mon Kafir" Afghanistan warrior god and hero from prehistoric origins and around today Afghanistan / Hindukush
Goddess name "Morrigan" Celtic Morrigan, Morrighan, Goddesses of war of death and destruction from prehistoric origins Celtic / Ireland
God name "Mugasa" Bambuti The moon god who originally lived among humankind in an earthly Paradise. But, because humans disobeyed his commandments he retreated to the heavens. Since then humans are mortal. Bambuti
God name "Mugasa" Pigmy / central Africa sky god. Originally he headed a Paradise land in which the first human beings lived. They disobeyed him, however, by entering his hut where he resided unseen, after which he left them and made them mortal. He is not worshiped in any conventional sense. Also Mugu....
God name "Mula Djadi" Origin The Great Origin of Being. Creator god who lives in the highest of all seven heavens. Tobak Sumatra
God name "Mungan Ngour" Australian aboriginal Creator god. Chiefly revered among the Kurnai Koori aborigines in Victoria State. The Southern Lights or Aurora australis are regarded as a sign of his displeasure when the law and order given to humankind by the gods are abused. His son is Tundun, who is responsible for the secret ceremonies originally divulged only to men and including the initiation rights of passage from boyhood to maturity. When these were revealed to women, the Dreamtime ended, a period of chaos ensued and Mungan Ngour elected to live henceforth in the sky....
God name "Nahui Oiiin (earthquake sun)" Aztec / Mesoamerican / Mexico Creator god. According to most of the codices, at the time of the Spanish conquest there had been four previous world ages, each represented by a Sun and terminated by a cataclysm. Ollin, the fifth Sun, was created at Teotihuacan and at the conquest was just under 2,000 years old. It is presided over by the god TONATIUH. Each creation is considered to last 2028 x 52 terrestrial years and the present one is destined to be destroyed by a great earthquake. Tradition has it that Ollin was originally a sickly or humble deity named NANAHUATL (the diseased one). Also (4)Ollin; Ollintonatiuh....
"Name" Origin Description
"Nath" Sanskrit Natha, is the proper name of a siddha sampradaya (initiatory tradition) and the word itself literally means "lord, protector, refuge". The related Sanskrit term Adi Natha means first or original Lord, and is therefore a synonym for Shiva, Mahadeva, or Maheshvara, and beyond these mental concepts, the Supreme Absolute Reality as the basis supporting all aspects and manifestatons of consciousness.
"Nehebkau" Egypt Originally the explanation of the cause of binding of Ka and Ba after death. Thus his name, which means one who brings together Ka. Since these aspects of the soul were said to bind after death, Nehebkau was said to have guarded the entrance to Duat, the underworld. Egypt
Planet name "Neptunus" Italic / Roman God of irrigation. Identified with the planet Neptune, but thought to have originated as an agricultural deity concerned with watering. He was celebrated in the festival of Neptunalia on July 23. Also the patron deity of horseracing. He became syncretized with the Greek god POSEIDON, but Neptune's modern association with the sea is a misrepresentation....
Deity name "Nezha" Chinese Nataku or Nata, a deity, the enfant terrible trickster, originally of Chinese mythology. His official Taoist deity name is Zhongtan Yuanshuai.
"Ni" Origin The sea and the origin of life. Chimu, Peru
Goddess name "Nike" Greco - Roman Goddess of victory. Depicted as a winged messenger bringing the laurel wreath to the victor of battle. Though of Greek origin, appearing in the Theogony of Hesiod, she was adopted by the Romans and worshiped extensively throughout Asia Minor, including Sardis. In some depictions the goddess ATHENA carries NIKE as a small winged figure. Also VICTORIA (Roman)....
Goddess name "Ninegal" Mesopotamia `Mistress OF the Palace'. This goddess originated in Sumer but was only worshipped in Ancient Mesopotamia
Goddess name "Ninsikil" Origin A tutelary goddess of Dilmun, the place of assembly of the gods, their meeting place and, so far as the Sumerians were concerned, the place of their origin. Her name means the pure queen.
Goddess name "Nirriti" Hindu / Vedic One of the Guardians of the directions, representing the southwest. She was originally a goddess of death, connected with Devi, who later became the male Guardian. The gender shift also involved a union with Nirrta, the masculine aspect of the female Nirrti. Hindu / Vedic
"Nodotus" Roman A divinity presiding over the knots in the stem of plants producing grain but it seems more probable that originally it was only a surname of Saturnus. Roman
Goddess name "Nyavirezi" Rwanda / central Africa Lion goddess. According to legend she was originally a mortal daughter of the tribal chief. While walking, she was trans formed into a lioness. Though returning to human form, she occasionally became leonine again and, in this guise, slew at least one husband who discovered her secret....
King name "Oebalus" Greek 1. A son of Cynortes, and husband of Gorgophone, by whom he became the father of Tyndareus, Peirene, and Arene, was king of Sparta. According to others he was a son of Perieres and a grandson of Cynortas, and was married to the nymph Bateia, by whom he had several children (Apollodorus iii). The patronymic Oebalides is not only applied to his descendants, but to the Spartans generally, and hence it occurs as an epithet or surname of Hyacinthus, Castor, Pollux and Helena. 2. A son of Telon by a nymph of the stream Sebethus, near Naples. Telon, originally a king of the Teleboans, had come from the island of Taphos to Capreae, in Italy and Oebalus settled in Campania. (The Aeneid Book VII) Greek
Goddess name "Ogmius ( Ogma, Ogmios )" Celtic / Irish God of poetry and speech. Very little is known of him, but the Roman writer Lucian mentions a Romano-Celtic god of wisdom, Ogmios, apparently assimilated with HERCULES and described as an old man with lion's skin holding a crowd of people chained to his tongue by their ears. NOTE: a goddess Ogma is also mentioned; she may have been a mother goddess in the original Irish pantheon....
Spirit name "Okitsu-Hiko" Japanese Is a divinity in Japanese Shinto. His name literally translates to "Great Land Master", and he was originally the ruler of Izumo Province, until he was replaced by Ninigi. In compensation, he was made ruler of the unseen world of spirits and magic. He is believed a god of nation-building, farming, business and Medicine.
"Orpheus" Greek All that part of the mythology of Orpheus which connects him with Dionysus must be considered as a later invention, quite irreconcilable with the original legends, in which he is the servant of Apollo and the Muses: the discrepancy extends even to the instrument of his music, which was always the lyre, and never the flute. Greek
God name "Pachacamac (earth creator)" South American Indian / Lima region of Peru Creator god. Near the town of Pachacamac is the site of a huge pyramidal sanctuary dedicated to the god. In origin he is pre-Inca but the Inca rulers who took over the region allowed his worship to continue; eventually he became syncretized with the god VAIRACOCHA....
God name "Palaemon" Greco - Roman Minor sea god. Originally Melikertes, the son of Ino, Palaemon was deified by the gods when his mother hurled herself from a cliff with her son in her arms. According to versions of the legend she was either insane or escaping the wrath of Athanas, king of Thebes....
God name "Palici" Greek Twin gods, originating in Sicily. They were sometimes said to have been the sons of Zeus by Thaleia the daughter of Hephaestus, sometimes the sons of Zeus by Aetna. While she was pregnant with the twins, Thaleia, fearing Hera's jealousy hid in the earth and when the time came the twin boys emerged from the ground, which explains their name 'the Returners'. Greek
Goddess name "Pallas (Athene)" Greek Goddess. The full name of the deity who is thus Pallas of Athens. The origin and meaning of the word Pallas is unknown.See also ATHENA....
Goddess name "Pandara" Buddhist Goddess. The SAKTI of AMITABHA and a female BODHISATTVA or buddha-designate. She originates from the Tantric syllable PAM. Color: rose. Attributes: blue lotus, cup, knife and prayer wheel....
Goddess name "Parcae" Greco - Roman Goddesses of fate. Originally a pair of birth goddesses, DECIMA and NONA, later joined by a goddess of death, MORTA....
"Pegasus" Greek The famous winged horse, whose origin is thus related. When Perseus struck off the head of Medusa, with whom Poseidon had had intercourse in the form of a horse or a bird, there sprang forth from her Chrysaor and the horse Pegasus. The latter obtained the name Pegasus because he was believed to have made his appearance near the sources of Oceanus. Greek
God name "Pekko" Pre - Christian Finnish / Baltic regions God of cereal crops. In Finland he is PELLON PEKKO and specifically a god of barley used in brewing beer. In Estonia he is a corn god whose image, made of wax, was kept in the corn chest. He was originally honored on a day taken over by a Christian festival for St. Peter....
"Penelope" Greek A daughter of Icarius and Periboea of Sparta. According to Didymus, Penelope was originally called Ameirace, Arnacia, or Arnaea, and Nauplius or her own parents are said to have cast her into the sea where she was fed by sea-birds from which she derived her name. Greek
God name "Perkele" Finland The devil. Originally Perkele was not the devil but a god of thunder and can be seen as an earlier form of Ukko. Related to Baltic Perkunas and Norse Thor.
"Philosopher's Stone" s The original get rich quick scheme. The ancient alchemists thought there was a substance which would convert all baser metals into gold. This substance they called the philosopher's stone.
God name "Piluitus" Latvia Fertility god. He was originally a sky or Rain-god responsible for bountiful crops. Latvia
Demon name "Polunocnica" Ukranian 'Lady Midnight'. A demoness said to frighten children at night. She seems to have originally been the third Zorya of midnight with sisters dawn and Sunset. Ukranian
God name "Polydeukes" Greek horse god. One of the Dioskouroi twins; the other is Kastor. According to tradition, they are together associated with a Spartan cult whence they originated. The pair probably derive from the Indo-European model of the ASVINS in Vedic mythology. Kastor is mortal while Polydeukes is immortal. Thus, during battle, Kastor is mortally wounded but, even in death, the two brothers remain inseparable. They rescue individuals from distress and danger, particularly at sea, and are thought to be embodied in the electrical discharges known as St. Elmo's Fire. Also Castor and POLLUX (Roman)....
"Pomona" Roman The Roman divinity of the fruit of trees, hence called Pomorum Patrona. Her name is evidently connected with Pomum. She is represented by the poets as having been beloved by several of the rustic divinities, such as Silvanus, Picus, Vertumnus, and others. Her worship must originally have been of considerable importance, as we learn from Varro that a special priest, under the name Pomonalis, was appointed to attend to her service. It is not impossible that Pomona may in reality be nothing but the personification of one of the attributes of Ops.
"Prabhavapyaya" Buddist That from which all things originate and into which they all resolve at the end of the life cycle. A synonym for Brahman-pradhana. Buddist
King name "Priam" Greek The famous king of Troy, at the time of the Trojan war. He was a son of Laomedon and Strymo or Placia. His original name is said to have been Podarces, i. e. "the swift-footed," which was changed into Priamus, "the ransomed" because he was the only surviving son of Laomedon and was ransomed by his sister Hesione, after he had fallen into the hands of Heracles. Greek
Goddess name "Pusan (nourisher)" Hindu / Vedic / Puranic Sun god. The original Vedic list of six descendants of the goddess ADITI or ADITYAS, all of whom take the role of Sun gods, was, in later times, enlarged to twelve, including Pusan. He is the charioteer of the Sun and a guardian deity of journeys and pathways. Color: golden. Attributes: four lotuses....
Goddess name "Qetesh" Semitic A goddess of sex rather than fertility, who is thought to have originally been a Semitic god, from Chaldean mythology
Goddess name "Quades” (the holy one)" Western Semitic Fertility goddess. probably originating in Syria. She epitomizes female sexuality and eroticism in the mold of ASTARTE. She was adopted by Egypt with the fertility gods MIN and RESEP and became partly associated with the goddess HATHOR. She is usually depicted nude standing on the back of a lion (see also INANA and NINHURSAG A) between Min to whom she offers a lotus blossom, and Res”ep for whom she bears snakes. Her cult followed the typically ancient Near Eastern pattern of a sacred marriage carried out by her votary priestesses and their priests or kings....
God name "Quirinus" Roman God of war. One of a triad of warrior gods including JUPITER and MARS. He originated as the tutelary god of the Sabines, living on the Quirinal, one of the seven hills of Rome. His warrior status is primarily one of defense and he is depicted bearded and in a compromise of military and clerical clothing. The myrtle is sacred to him....
God name "Resep[A]Mukal" Canaan / Phonecia A war & plague god that originated in Syria
God name "Resepa Mukal" Syria war and plague god who originated in Syria
God name "Res”ep (A) Mukal" Western Semitic / Canaanite / Phoenician / , originating in Syria war and plague god. Introduced into Egypt by the XVIII Dynasty during the sixteenth century BC and rapidly achieved some prominence. His wife is Itum and he was also known as Res ep-Amukal and Res epSulman. Res ep is probably modeled on the Mesopotamian NERGAL. He is depicted as a youthful, warlike god, often with a gazelle's head springing from his forehead, and with a spear in his right hand. In Egyptian iconography he is depicted wearing the crown of Upper Egypt surmounted in front by the head of a gazelle. He has links with the Theban war god MONTU and was thought of as a guardian deity in battle by many Egyptian pharaohs; he is said to have shot firebrands with a bow and arrow. He also exerted a benign influence against disease. The influence of Res ep extended to Cyprus during the preHellenic period and at the time of Hellenization he was allied to and perhaps syncretized with APOLLO. Also Ras ap, Res ef....
God name "Ryujin" Shinto / Japan dragon god. A deity controlling thunder and Rain and probably the most significant of the group of weather gods known as the RAIJIN. He is of Chinese origin and more Buddhist than Shinto. He does not appear in the sacred Shinto texts Kojiki or Nibongi, but enjoys shrines in many Shinto sanctuaries and is worshiped by farmers, particularly in times of drought. He lives in the sea, lakes and large ponds from which he ascends in mists and winds. He generates dark Rain clouds which then burst. His main festival takes place in June....
God name "Sadrapa" Western Semitic / Syrian / / Pontic God of healing. He is depicted on reliefs as a youth holding a scorpion or snake. Known originally from Palmyra, his popularity spread to Carthage and, during the Hellenic period, to the Greek coast. Also Satrapis (Greek)....
Goddess name "Sakhemet aka Sachmet" Egypt Sakhet and Sakhmet, originally the war goddess of Upper Egypt. It was said that her breath created the desert. She was also known by some cults to be a daughter of the ancient Sun god Ra. Egypt
God name "Sancus" Roman Sangus or Semo Sancus, a Roman divinity, is said to have been originally a Sabine god, and identical with Hercules and Dins Fidius. The name which is etymologically the same as Sanctus, and connected with Sancire, seems to justify this belief, and characterises Sancus as a divinity presiding over oaths.
Goddess name "Santoshi Mata" Hindu Mother goddess of recent origin, about 1960 Hindu
Goddess name "Sarra lntu" Mesopotamian / Sumerian / Babylonian - Akkadian Fertility goddess. Originally the tutelary deity of the city of Su-Sin. By Hellenistic times she probably became the more important goddess Sarrahitu who is included in the pantheon at Uruk and mentioned in various cult texts where she is described as “the bride” and was presumably involved in a sacred marriage ceremony....
God name "Sarruma" Hittite / Hurrian God. Originally a Hurrian deity adopted by the Hittite state religion. The son of the weather god TESUB and his consort HEBAT. His sacred animal is a panther. Attribute: ax....
Planet name "Saturnus" Roman Astral god. Identified with the planet Saturn, but thought to have originated as an agricultural deity concerned with sowing of seed. A sanctuary existed on the Roman forum from as early as 450 BC, also functioning as the imperial treasury. Saturnus was celebrated in the Saturnalia festival (December 17-19) during which masters and slaves exchanged roles and candles were given as gifts to symbolize the Winter darkness....
Goddess name "Saus”ka" Hittite / Hurrian Fertility goddess. Of Hurrian origin, Saus”ka was adopted by the Hittite state religion. She is also identified with war and is particularly renowned as a goddess of healing. She is depicted in human form with wings, standing with a lion and accompanied by two attendants. Saus”ka is known in detail only because she became the patron goddess of the Hittite king Hattusilis II (1420-1400 BC)....
Goddess name "Savitar (impeller)" Hindu / Puranic Sun god. The original Vedic list of six descendants of the goddess ADITI or ADITYAS, all of whom take the role of Sun gods was, in later times, enlarged to twelve, including Savitar. The god of the rising and setting Sun. Color: golden. Attributes: club, prayer wheel and two lotuses....
Goddess name "Semele (earth)" Greco - Roman but probably of Thracian or Phrygian origin Mother goddess. According to legend she was the mortal daughter of Cadmos and became the mother of the god DIONYSOS (BACCHUS) after a brief liaison with ZEUS (JUPITER), also in mortal guise. Semele was burned to death on Olympus, unable to withstand the presence of Zeus in godly form, but was subsequently deified by him....
God name "Shoney" Scotland Sea faeries living off the coast of Scotland and Northern Ireland. Originally a single god of the North Sea Ireland / Scotland / Manx
God name "Shou Lao" Chinese God of longevity. He originates as an astral deity but comes to head the heavenly ministry responsible for setting the span of a person's life. He is also known as Nan-ji Hsian Weng, “the ancient of the South Pole.” His sacred animal is the crane, embodiment of long life....
Goddess name "Sif" Nordic / Icelandic / / Germanic corn goddess. The consort of THOR. She is mentioned in the Eddaic Lay of Lokasenna and in the Lay of Har barth. According to Snorri Sturluson she was originally a prophetess called Sibyl. She possesses great beauty and has long golden hair. Her sons are ULL and Loridi. According to tradition, LOKI cut off Sif's hair in mischief, but when confronted and threatened by Thor, he had the dwarfs make her a magical hairpiece of pure gold which, when it touched her head, became a living part of her and grew....
God name "Sokar" Egypt Chthonic underworld god. Guardian deity of the necropolis at Memphis with possible fertility connotations and with strong links to OSIRIS beside whom he is also perceived as a restored god of the dead. He is also syncretized with the Memphis creator god PTAH in the Old kingdom (circa 4500 BC), where he may have originated as a god of various crafts associated with the manufacture of funerary trappings. He is depicted either as a hawk on a boat, or in human form with the head of a hawk and an elaborate atef crown (see Osiris). Sokar also enjoyed a major cult at Thebes where, in an annual festival celebrating the healthy continuation of the Divine kingship, he was conveyed in an elaborate barque. Also Sokaris (Greek)....